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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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Journal DOI :
Korea Concrete Institute
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of Flexural Performance of Eco-Friendly Inorganic Binding Material RC Beams Using Sodium Activator
Ha, Gee-Joo ; Kim, Jin-Hwan ; Jang, Kie-Chang ;
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 25, issue 3, 2013, Pages 261~269
DOI : 10.4334/JKCI.2013.25.3.261
In this study, it was developed eco-friendly inorganic binding material concrete using ground granulated blast furnace slag and alkali activator (water glass, sodium hydroxides). Eight reinforced concrete beam using inoganic binding material concrete were constructed and tested under monotonic loading. The major variables were mixture ratio of alkali activator, type of admixture and admixture. Experimental programs were carried out to improve and evaluate the flexural performance of such test specimens, such as the load-displacement, the failure mode, the maximum load carrying capacity, and ductility capacity. All the specimens were modeled in scale-down size. The eco-friendly concrete using inorganic binding material encouraged alkali activation reaction was rapidly hardening speed and showed possibility as a high strength concrete. Also, the RC beams using new materials showed similar behavior and failed similarly with RC beam used portland cement. It is thought that eco-friendly inorganic binding material concrete can be used with construction material and product as a basic research to replace cement concrete. If there is application to structures in PC member as well as production of 2nd concrete product, it could be improved the productivity and reduction of construction duration etc.
Seismic Performance of Special Shear Wall Structural System with Effectively Reduced Reinforcement Detail
Chun, Young-Soo ; Lee, Ki-Hak ; Lee, Hyo-Won ; Park, Young-Eun ; Song, Jin-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 25, issue 3, 2013, Pages 271~281
DOI : 10.4334/JKCI.2013.25.3.271
The current seismic design code prescribes that a structural wall should be designed as a special shear wall when the building height is more than 60 m and its seismic design category is classified as D. However, the use of a special shear wall has a negative effect on constructability and economic efficiency. In the present study, the seismic performance of a special shear wall and a special shear wall with relaxed reinforcement detail was evaluated through a cyclic reversal loading test. The specimens were constructed to measure the results of the experimental variable regarding the reinforcement details of the special boundary element. Next, the seismic performances of a special shear wall structural system and that of a special shear wall structural system with relaxed reinforcement detail was evaluated by methods proposed in the FEMA P695. The cyclic reversal loading test results of this study showed that the performance of the shear wall with relaxed reinforcement detail was almost similar to the performance of a special shear wall and has the performance which requested from standard. The results of the seismic evaluation showed that all special shear walls with relaxed reinforcement detail are satisfied with the design code and seismic performance.
Evaluation on Moment-Curvature Relations and Curvature Ductility Factor of Reinforced Concrete Beams with High Strength Materials
Lee, Hyung-Joon ;
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 25, issue 3, 2013, Pages 283~294
DOI : 10.4334/JKCI.2013.25.3.283
The high strength materials have been more widely used in reinforced concrete structures, specially, the reinforcing steel is permitted to used in RC structures up to yielding strength of 600 MPa. The strength of materials in RC beam section effects on the behavior and ductility of the RC members. In this study, the numerical analysis has been conducted to obtain the complete moment-curvature relation and the curvature ductility factor for the rectangular RC beams sections under the various reinforcement conditions and the effects of concrete strength, yield strength of reinforcement steel on the behavior and the curvature ductility factor of RC beam sections have been evaluated. The compressive strength of concrete and yield strength of steel have effected in various manner on the behavior and the curvature ductility factor of RC beam sections under reinforcement conditions. In the case of beam sections with equal resisting moment. the curvature ductility factor of RC beam section decreased with an increase in the yield strength of steel and increased with an increase in the concrete strength. When the yield strength of steel increased from 400 MPa to 600 MPa, the curvature ductility factor reduced about 30% and as the concrete strength increased from 30 MPa to 70 MPa, the curvature ductility factor of RC beam section increased about 3 times.
Characteristics of Strength Development of Ultra-High Performance Concrete according to Curing Condition
Park, Jong-Sup ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Cho, Jeong-Rae ; Jeon, Se-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 25, issue 3, 2013, Pages 295~304
DOI : 10.4334/JKCI.2013.25.3.295
Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) has recently been one of the most active research fields in Korea as well as in foreign countries, because it can contribute to a longer life and economic efficiency of structures. Although precast-type UHPC fabricated in a factory is preferable in terms of quality control and reduction of construction period, there exist, even in the precast structure, some parts that need to be cast in-place such as the joints between precast segments. In the cast-in-place UHPC, however, it is probable that an optimum curing condition can hardly be realized in contrast to the factory production. In this study, therefore, the trend of compressive strength development of UHPC was experimentally investigated by assuming various inferior curing conditions that may be anticipated at a construction site. Concrete specimens were fabricated and cured under different conditions with the variables such as curing temperature, delay time before the initiation of curing, duration of curing time and moisture condition. The strengths were compared with those of the specimens cured by standard high temperature steam. Through the analysis of the test results, some minimum requirements for curing have been proposed that are required when the UHPC is cast in-place. It is expected, through this study, that practical use of UHPC in construction sites can be increased.
Influence of Silica Fume on Strength Properties of Alkali-Activated Slag Mortar
Kim, Tae-Wan ;
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 25, issue 3, 2013, Pages 305~312
DOI : 10.4334/JKCI.2013.25.3.305
This paper reports the results of an investigation into the effects of silica fume on strength properties of alkali-activated slag cement (AASC) with water-binder (W/B) ratio and replacement ratio of silica fume content. The W/B ratio varied between 0.50 and 0.60 at a constant increment of 0.05. The silica fume content varied from 0% to 50% by weight of slag. The activators was used sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and the dosage of activator was 3M. The strength development with W/B ratio has been studied at different ages of 1, 3, 7 and 28 days. For mixes of AASC mortars with varying silica fume content, the flow values were lower than the control mixes (without silica fume). The flow value was decrease as the content of silica fume increase. This is because the higher surface areas of silica fume particles increase the water requirement. The analysis of these results indicates that, increasing the silica fume content in AASC mortar also increased the compressive strength. Moreover, the strength decreases with the W/B ratios increases. This is because the particle sizes of silica fume are smaller than slag. The high compressive strength of blended slag-silica fume mortars was due to both the filler effect and the activated reaction of silica fume evidently giving the mortar matrix a denser microstructure, thereby resulting in a significant gain in strength.
The Properties of Durability and Strength of Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Modified Mortars Using Eco-Friendly UM Resin
Kwon, Min-Ho ; Seo, Hyun-Su ; Lim, Jeong-Hee ; Kim, Jin-Sup ;
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 25, issue 3, 2013, Pages 313~320
DOI : 10.4334/JKCI.2013.25.3.313
In this study, performance of fiber-reinforced polymer-modified mortar was studied for the development of eco-friendly materials for high performance repair and reinforcement. The general cement mortar and eco-friendly UM resin was mixed with a certain percentage for increased durability. To increase the strength of the polymer-modified mortar, PVA fiber, steel fiber and hybrid fiber were added at a constant rate. Hybrid fiber is contains the same percentage of PVA fiber and steel fiber. In order to determine the strength properties of fiber-reinforced polymer-modified mortar, the compressive strength test, the splitting tensile strength test and the flexural strength test were performed. And, in order to determine the durability properties of fiber-reinforced polymer-modified mortar, water absorption test and chemical resistance test were performed. From the experimental results, polymer-modified mortar using UM resin was improved durability. And the tensile strength and flexural strength increased, which were the vulnerability of fiber reinforced polymer-modified mortar. From this study, fiber-reinforced polymer-modified mortar using eco-friendly UM resin can be used to repair and reinforcement for the external exposure of concrete structures to improve the durability.
Relationship between Compressive Strength and Dynamic Modulus of Elasticity in the Cement Based Solid Product for Consolidating Disposal of Medium-Low Level Radioactive Waste
Kim, Jin-Man ; Jeong, Ji-Yong ; Choi, Ji-Ho ; Shin, Sang-Chul ;
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 25, issue 3, 2013, Pages 321~329
DOI : 10.4334/JKCI.2013.25.3.321
Recently, the medium-low level radioactive waste from nuclear power plant must be transported from temporary storage to the final repository. Medium-low level radioactive waste, which is composed mainly of the liquid ion exchange resin, has been consolidated with cementitious material in the plastic or iron container. Since cementitious material is brittle, it would generate cracks by impact load during transportation, signifying leakage of radioactive ray. In order to design the safety transporting equipment, there is a need to check the compressive strength of the current waste. However, because it is impossible to measure strength by direct method due to leakage of radioactive ray, we will estimate the strength indirectly by the dynamic modulus of elasticity. Therefore, it must be identified the relationship between of strength and dynamic modulus of elasticity. According to the waste acceptance criteria, the compressive strength of cement based solid is defined as more than 3.44 MPa (500 psi). Compressive strength of the present solid is likely to be significantly higher than this baseline because of continuous hydration of cement during long period. On this background, we have tried to produce the specimens of the 28 day's compressive strength of 3 to 30 MPa having the same material composition as the solid product for the medium-low level radioactive waste, and analyze the relationship between the strength and the dynamic modulus of elasticity. By controling the addition rates of AE agent, we made the mixture containing the ion exchange resin and showing the target compressive strength (3~30 MPa). The dynamic modulus of elasticity of this mixtures is 4.1~10.2 GPa, about 20 GPa lower in the equivalent compressive strength level than that of ordinary concrete, and increasing the discrepancy according to increase strength. The compressive strength and the dynamic modulus of elasticity show the liner relationship.
The Properties of Concrete with Lightweight Aggregate Impregnated by Phase Change Material
Kim, Se-Hwan ; Jeon, Hyun-Kyu ; Hwang, In-Dong ; Seo, Chee-Ho ; Kim, Sang-Heon ;
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 25, issue 3, 2013, Pages 331~338
DOI : 10.4334/JKCI.2013.25.3.331
Under the paradigm of sustainable green growth at the national level, various researches and applications for energy saving in the construction field has been attempted. As a part of energy saving efforts, lightweight concrete was investigated for thermal insulation concrete with phase change material (PCM) which has high heat storage capacity. As a part of energy saving efforts, thermal insulation concrete was investigated and evaluated with lightweight aggregate impregnated by PCM which has high heat storage capacity. As a result, it is found that concrete with lightweight aggregate impregnated by PCM is effective to prevent its quality deterioration by reducing water absorption rate of lightweight aggregate. In addition, it has shown that concretes using lightweight aggregate and impregnated lightweight aggregate improve heat insulation property 33% and 40~43% compared with using normal aggregate, respectively. It is that the lightweight aggregate concrete with impregnated lightweight aggregate has 12~14% lower thermal conductivity than unimpregnated.
An Experimental Study on the Required Performances of Roof Concrete Placed in the In-ground LNG Storage Tank
Kwon, Yeong-Ho ;
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 25, issue 3, 2013, Pages 339~345
DOI : 10.4334/JKCI.2013.25.3.345
This study is to derive from the required performances and the optimum mix proportion of the roof concrete placed in the in-ground LNG storage tank with a capacity of 200000
, and propose the actual data for site concrete work. The concrete placing work without sliding and segregation in the fresh concrete condition is very important because the slope of domed roof is varied in the large range by its curvature. Also the control of hydration heat and the strength development at test ages are classified with massive section about 1.4 m thick and considered to the pre-stressing work and removal of air support after concrete placing work. Considering above condition, slump range is selected
mm under the slope
mm over the slope
s until 60 minutes of elapsed time. Also, the roof concrete is satisfied with compressive strength range including design strength at 91 days (30 MPa), pre-stressing work at 7 days (10 MPa), air support removal work at 21 days (14 MPa). Replacement ratio of limestone powder is determined by confined water ratio test and main design factors include water-cement ratio (W/C), sand-aggregate ratio and dosage of admixture. As test results, the optimum mix proportion of the roof concrete used low heat cement is as followings. 1) Replacement ratio of limestone powder 25% by confined water ratio test 2) Water-cement ratio 57.8% 3) Sand-aggregate ratio 42.0%. Also, test results for the adiabatic temperature rising test is satisfied with its criteria and shown the lower value compared to preceding storage tank (TK-13, 14). These required performances and the optimum mix proportion is to apply the actual construction work.
The Influence of Fine Particles under 0.08 mm Contained in Aggregate on the Characteristics of Concrete
Song, Jin-Woo ; Choi, Jae-Jin ;
Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, volume 25, issue 3, 2013, Pages 347~354
DOI : 10.4334/JKCI.2013.25.3.347
Recently, crushed fine aggregates are being widely used due to the shortage of natural sand. In Korea, the amount of fine particles under 0.08 mm contained in crushed fine aggregates is restricted to be less than 7%, which is similar to the regulations of ASTM but is still very strict compared to the regulations of the other nations. In addition, the crushed aggregates already have in them about 20% of fine particles under 0.08 mm which occurs while they are crushed. The fine particles are not easy to wash out, and also to maximize the use of resources it is deemed necessary to review the possibility of enhancing the limit of the amount of fine particles. Therefore, this study conducted experiments to analyze the characteristics of fine particles under 0.08mm and their influence on the properties of concrete. Experiments using silt and cohesive soil were also done for comparison. In the experiments on fine particles, the methylene blue value was more in the soil dust contained in silt and cohesive soil than in the stone powder contained in crushed fine aggregates. Also, the methylene blue value had a close correlation with packing density and liquid & plastic limit. In the experiments done with concrete, the quantity of high range water reducing agent demanded to obtain the same slump increased as the fine particle substitution rate heightened. However, in the experiment which used stone powder testing the compressive strength and tensile strength of concrete in the same water-cement ratio, there was little change in strength with less than 20% addition of fine particles among the fine aggregates, and no meaningful difference in the amount of drying shrinkage of concrete.