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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 12 - Dec 2010
Volume 10, Issue 11 - Nov 2010
Volume 10, Issue 10 - Oct 2010
Volume 10, Issue 9 - Sep 2010
Volume 10, Issue 8 - Aug 2010
Volume 10, Issue 7 - Jul 2010
Volume 10, Issue 6 - Jun 2010
Volume 10, Issue 5 - May 2010
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Apr 2010
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Mar 2010
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Feb 2010
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jan 2010
Selecting the target year
Interface for in-situ Authoring of Augmented Reality Contents on a Mobile Device Environment
Lee, Jeong-Gyu ; Lee, Jong-Weon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.001
This paper introduces a difference between mobile Augmented Reality (AR) authoring and desktop AR authoring, and suggests an interface system that can be applied to in-situ authoring of AR contents on a mobile device. The mobile devices have enabled users to use the AR system anytime and anywhere. It is now necessary to create user`s individualized context information using mobile devices on the spot. To author AR contents easily with mobile devices, we need to maximize the convenience of mobile systems, which have yet limitation. To do so, this paper suggests new interaction approaches that manage augmented contents using visual cues and other simple attribute settings. In addition, to solve the problem that users have to hold their mobile devices to track markers while authoring contents, this system enables users to author contents in environment based on captured images. This interface system also can make cooperation environment for more than one users to author contents. This paper verifies the usefulness of the proposed interface by user tests. The results of an analyzing users` comments show that the proposed interface is suitable for in-situ mobile authoring system.
Multiple Homographies Estimation using a Guided Sequential RANSAC
Park, Yong-Hee ; Kwon, Oh-Seok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 10~22
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.010
This study proposes a new method of multiple homographies estimation between two images. With a large proportion of outliers, RANSAC is a general and very successful robust parameter estimator. However it is limited by the assumption that a single model acounts for all of the data inliers. Therefore, it has been suggested to sequentially apply RANSAC to estimate multiple 2D projective transformations. In this case, because outliers stay in the correspondence data set through the estimation process sequentially, it tends to progress slowly for all models. And, it is difficult to parallelize the sequential process due to the estimation order by the number of inliers for each model. We introduce a guided sequential RANSAC algorithm, using the local model instances that have been obtained from RANSAC procedure, which is able to reduce the number of random samples and deal simultaneously with multiple models.
Human Sensibility Ergonomics Makeup Recommendation System using Context Sensor Information
Chung, Kyung-Yong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 23~30
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.023
It is important for the strategy of cosmetic sales to investigate the sensibility and the preference degree in the environment that the makeup style has been changed focusing on the consumer center. We proposed the human sensibility ergonomics makeup recommendation system (MakeupRS) using the context sensor information applying the collaborative filtering technique as one of methods in the makeup style development centered on the consumer`s sensibility and the preference. In the collaborative filtering technique, the Pearson correlation coefficient applying to the case amplification is used to calculate similarity weights between the users. To investigate the sensibility according to the effect of makeup styles, the makeup styles were analyzed in terms of 6 style factors, such as, the foundation, the color lens, the eye shadow, the eye lash, the cheek brusher, and the lipstick. Ultimately, this paper suggests empirical application to verify the adequacy and the validity with the human sensibility ergonomics makeup recommendation system.
Improvement of Environmental Sounds Recognition by Post Processing
Park, Jun-Qyu ; Baek, Seong-Joon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 31~39
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.031
In this study, we prepared the real environmental sound data sets arising from people`s movement comprising 9 different environment types. The environmental sounds are pre-processed with pre-emphasis and Hamming window, then go into the classification experiments with the extracted features using MFCC (Mel-Frequency Cepstral Coefficients). The GMM (Gaussian Mixture Model) classifier without post processing tends to yield abruptly changing classification results since it does not consider the results of the neighboring frames. Hence we proposed the post processing methods which suppress abruptly changing classification results by taking the probability or the rank of the neighboring frames into account. According to the experimental results, the method using the probability of neighboring frames improve the recognition performance by more than 10% when compared with the method without post processing.
Appropriate Digital Camera System for Digital Ultraviolet Photography
Lee, Young-Kyu ; Har, Dong-Hwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 40~48
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.040
Reflected-Ultraviolet photography is applied to the evidence of crime, Archaeology, and Dermatology. In the past, Ultraviolet photography was done with standard black-and-white film. Because emulsion of film is more sensitive to near UV light than CCD(Charge Coupled Device) or CMOS(Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor)of digital camera. In this research, we purpose to improve qulity of ultraviolet photographs and to find out the best alternative digital camera by utilizing a cunsumer digital camera. To achieve theses, we removed IR cutoff filter from digital camera. And by using modified UV pass filter, we verified the increase of image resolution of digital ultraviolet photographs. Also, we analyze reproducibility of digital ultraviolet photographs according to type, size, pixel of image sensor. Furthermore, this research resulted in the development of an practical digital camera system by utilizing a cunsumer digital camera. Eventually, it will contribute to practical use in the various field of digital ultraviolet photographs
Fail Over Analysis and Management for the Database Implement of the High Availability Solution
Lee, Byoung-Yup ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 49~54
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.049
In these days, Internet environment are very quickly development as well On-line service have been using a online for the mission critical business around the world. As the amount of information to be processed by computers has recently been increased there has been cluster computing systems developed by connecting workstations server using high speed networks for high availability. As a result, this study on a cluster based DBMS and common solution of DBMS venders has been studying with a wide range, as well as It is not good study a management skill for the cluster-based DBMS efficiently and optimization. accordingly, This study find out optimization managements skill and theory of he High availability solution on cluster-based DBMS.
Design on Protection and Authentication System of IPTV Contents using HSI Watermark
Kim, Dae-Jin ; Choi, Hong-Sub ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 55~62
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.055
While the broadband network and multimedia technologies have been developing, the commercial market of digital contents also has been widely spreading with recently starting IPTV. As the IPTV services are getting to be generalized and popularized, the contents illicit copying and distribution of copyright meterials tends to draw more attentions. So we need a right service system that can protect contents and copyright using watermark inserting. Until now, the conventional protection and authentication system is taking advantages of merits both in CAS and DRM. But this system can not protect the contents when acquiring them from TV output using A/D convertor. So we apply watermark method using HSI color space against contents illicit copying. And for distribution of copyright materials. we compound unique settop ID and copyrighter`s ID to make new ID that is watermark. When inserting watermark, we use the watermark for copyright protection and authentication. So we can protect copyright and identify last settop`s user in illicit distribution. we design download based IPTV contents protection and authentication system using HSI watermark method.
3D Knowledge Retrieval for e-Learning Construction
Kim, Gui-Jung ; Han, Jung-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 63~69
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.063
This research does focus on supporting all of formal, or informal learning at real time. From industry or education field, learning training is according to worker`s current situation or business context. And according to worker`s current situation, or business flow, 3D immersion knowledge visualization is effective in the individual ability and the learning progress For this, workers listen to compound knowledge coaching advices at real time. Therefore we developed the realistic 3D based knowledge retrieval method to identify and retrieve multidimensional relation easily.
Resilient Security Protocol for Combating Replay Attacks in Wireless Sensor Networks
Zhang, Di ; Heo, Ung ; You, Kang-Soo ; Choi, Jae-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 70~80
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.070
Due to the resource limitations of sensor nodes, providing a security protocol is a particular challenge in sensor networks. One popular method is the neighborhood-based key agreement protocol (NEKAP). NEKAP is an efficient and lightweight protocol, but it includes loopholes through which adversaries may launch replay attacks by successfully masquerading as legitimate nodes. In this paper, we present a modified security protocol for wireless sensor networks. We provide four types of keys for each node, which adapt to different security requirements; and an improvement is made to alleviate the replay attack. According to our qualitative performance analyses, the proposed security protocol provides effectiveness in terms of authentication security, attacking node detection, and replay attack resilience when compared to the conventional method.
Performance Improvement of BLAST using Grid Computing and Implementation of Genome Sequence Analysis System
Kim, Dong-Wook ; Choi, Han-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 81~87
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.081
This paper proposes a G-BLAST(BLAST using Grid Computing) system, an integrated software package for BLAST searches operated in heterogeneous distributed environment. G-BLAST employed `database splicing` method to improve the performance of BLAST searches using exists computing resources. G-BLAST is a basic local alignment search tool of DNA Sequence using grid computing in heterogeneous distributed environment. The G-BLAST improved the existing BLAST search performance in gene sequence analysis. Also G-BLAST implemented the pipeline and data management method for users to easily manage and analyze the BLAST search results. The proposed G-BLAST system has been confirmed the speed and efficiency of BLAST search performance in heterogeneous distributed computing.
U-Bus Advertisement Business Model and System Implementation based on Wireless Networks
Roh, Su-Sung ; Kim, Do-Nyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 88~97
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.088
Recently the more convenient services are provided to people in the city in line with the change of city paradigm and the recent development of ubiquitous. For example, Information on bus arrivals an effective advertisement the combination of high technology and departures through smart-phones. However, in respect of the mobile advertisement, because of difficulties such as the means of transferring the mass storage data or the burden of communication charges. there need means to improve such difficulties. This study has been conducted aiming to overcome such difficulties. This study suggests the strategic differentiation plan through the analysis of the media characteristics such as real time service information when in traveling, U-Bus business model in the category of mobile advertisement, etc. and also the concrete system establishment plan from the operation center via network to the delivery of the advertisement through vehicle terminals. In respect that this study suggests the implications as a practical business model through the fusion of high technology and diverse media. It has great significance.
Wired.Wireless Internet Service Enabled Custom Bibimbap(Rice Hash) Contents Design
Jang, Dai-Ja ; Yang, Hye-Jeong ; Kwon, Dae-Young ; Sung, Woo-Youl ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 98~106
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.098
In this research a food information contents available as well as for PC web and for mobile web users was designed. The web site providing service for PC web and mobile web clients focuses on offering data on individually matching food based on the member`s information. The information obtained from the contents can be practically applied by mobile users helping them to take care of their health. This system focuses on wireless internet mobile users and offers various food menus with cooking videos and also information regarding food supplies for individually matching bibimpab recipes. It gives a good information about one of the most traditional Korean food bibimpab which is made of various kinds of vegetables and greens. It also contains nutrition balance information. Designing the web site as a web site available for wired wireless internet accesses makes it available at any place for mobile wireless internet users so that they can obtain all information regarding products and menu which are good for their health.
Splitting between Region of Chromatic and Achromatic by Brightness and Chroma
Kwak, Nae-Joung ; Hwang, Jae-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 107~114
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.107
Color is a sense signal for human to perceive being through light, and the color is divided into chromatic color and achromatic color. Chromatic color has hue, intensity, and saturation, but achromatic color has only intensity among the properties of chromatic color and doesn`t have hue and saturation. Therefore it is important to split colors of image into area for human to perceive colors and not to perceive ones based on vision of human being. In this paper, we find a function to split colors of image into chromatic region of chromatic color region and achromatic region of achromatic color region. First, the input image of RGB color space is converted into the image of HSI color space in consideration of human vision and get a binary image from the converted image. After then, a function to split colors into ROC(ROC: Region of chromatic.) and ROA(ROA:Region of achromatic) is yield. It is difficult to split color of a general image into ROC and ROA. Therefore, to get the chromatic area and achromatic area, we make gradient images to have all range of intensity and range of saturation and to have a little range of hue and yield the function. The evaluation is tested using subjective-quality by 50 non-experts for result images of test images and general images. The results of the proposed method get better 27.5~32.96% than these of the conventional method
Efficient Concurrency Control Method for Firm Real-time Transactions
Shin, Jae-Ryong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 115~121
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.115
It always must guarantee preceding process of the transaction with the higher priority in real-time database systems. The pessimistic concurrency control method resolves a conflict through aborting or blocking of a low priority transaction. However, if a high priority transaction is eliminated in a system because of its deadline missing, an unnecessary aborting or blocking of a low priority transaction is occurred. In this paper, the proposed method eliminates a transaction that is about to miss its deadline. And it prevents needless wastes of resources and eliminates unnecessary aborting or blocking of a low priority transaction. It is shown through the performance evaluation that the proposed method outperforms the existing methods in terms of the deadline missing ratio of transactions.
Integrated Development Environment for Java Native Methods
Kim, Sang-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 122~132
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.122
As a result of a growing demand for various mobile devices, the demand for application programs on the devices is on the rise. The Java language that is platform-independent rapidly rose as the best programming language for mobile devices. However, the Java has a problem that does not support platform-dependent features needed by the application. To solve this problem, the JNI technology was introduced by Sun Microsystems. Programmers using the JNI to write native methods need to have a lot of knowledge about the JNI and the internal structure of the JVM. Also, the increased load by using a number of JNI functions may decrease software productivity and quality. Demands for tools writing native method without understanding of JNI are progressively increasing. To develop these tools, it is necessary to translate automatically the differences between Java and C/C++. In this study, I suggested a way to overcome differences between both languages and developed JNI editor that is an integrated develope environment on the basis of this.
Methodology of Online Survey Questionnaire based on Webgame towards Spacial Color Combination and Affective Word
Kang, Seung-Mook ; Kim, Hae-Yoon ; Park, Kyeong-Su ; Park, Young-Sung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 133~141
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.133
The purpose of this paper is to suggest one of effective online questionnaire methods by using web based games. The research examines the interrelation between space design element and emotion language in the background actually used in the web games, and suggests new questionnaire methods to overcome the problems of the insincere answers which is the limitation of online questionnaire methods. The paper is to examine the related references, and compare the merits and demerits between printed and online text based questionnaires. Then it suggests the on-line questionnaire methods based web games which can improve errors of the demerits. The emotional words and phrases database is embodied by the interrelation between the emotional words and four spaces such as a dwelling, a tradition, a commerce and a fantasy based on the position decision value of Gaussian distribution. The paper suggests to be utilized for a population calculability system such as a consumers preference test.
Utopianess in the Early Disney Animation: Focusing on Benjamin`s thought on Mickey Mouse
Choi, Jeong-Yoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 142~148
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.142
In the society where contradiction of modernism in 20th century was vividly exposed and paradigm was being changed from text culture into visual culture according to the development of technology, Benjamin tried to practically suggest solutions for socio-historical problems he was facing. In contrast with Adorno who criticized cultural industry, Benjamin found out the possibility to overturn existing value order and innovate reality in mass art media having emerged according to the development of new technology. And such Utopian possibility appears in his thought on the early Disney animation even if it is fragmentary. This thesis reviews how Utopian possibility was realized in the early Disney animation, which had been thought by Benjamin.
A Comparative study on the Creation and Development of Visual Techniques in U.S. and Japanese Girl`s Comics
Kwon, Kyung-Min ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 149~158
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.149
This study is a comparative analysis of the creation and development of visual techniques used in girls` comics in the paradigmatic low and high-context cultures of American and Japan. As previous analyses have shown, there are qualitative differences in the expressive mechanisms employed in girls` comics in Eastern and Western cultures, and it is an investigation of this realm of expression that is the basis of this study. Particular emphasis is placed on an analysis of the structure of frames, one of the most fundamental expressive mechanisms in girls` comics. A close examination of this underlying structural component reveals that both cultures demonstrate autonomous growth, providing a theoretical framework for future studies.
Storyboard Software Usage Frequency Ranking and Usability
Lee, Doh-Soo ; Kim, Jun-Kyo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 159~168
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.159
Due to the trend of shift to digitalization of the storyboard in 1990`s, many a number of storyboard related softwares were born. With this change of trends, however, there was an undeniable lack of tangible data showing the advantage of such digitalization of the storyboard using software technology over conventional methods of doing the same job. In this study, therefore, we have selected the top five storyboard software suits in terms of their frequency in use and a sample group of 85 people to give an analysis on their usability. The result of this analysis revealed two underlying tendencies regarding this issue. Firstly, all of the five softwares selected lacked interactive presentational features, suggesting the directives for the next phase of software development. Secondly, our experiments in this study showed that the most prominent benefit of using the softwares is the higher efficacy in delivering necessary information through real-time based replays, rather than the digitalization of the contents themselves. We expect that the findings of our study would serve as a new model for future software enhancement for the developers. And for the users of such softwares, too, the findings of this study is expected to help them understand what kind of benefits they can expect as they use these storyboard softwares.
Theoretical Re-inquiry on Gilles Deleuze`s Thought about Alfred Hitchcock`s Film
Kang, Seung-Mook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 169~178
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.169
This paper has conducted a theoretical re-inquiry on Gilles Deleuze` thought about Alfred Hitchcock` film based on the image of thought in relation with the concept and theory about film. So, the purpose of this article is to explore that film can acquire the academic significance as a philosophy including an academic denomination of social science and Arts. According to the findings, Gilles Deleuze appeared that A. Hitchcock used the mental-image which can transform the perception-image, the action-image, and the affection-image in film and make the relation including the way which it is developed between character and event. Also, as the mental-image can change the meaning of film, camera is the essence and mental referent. And the mental-image makes the other images a specific frame, permeates into image and transforms it. This paper sets limits to some problems that Deleuze`s thought about film generalizes to filmic theory, but has a importance to inquiry new research as a theoretical introspection for the practical discussion about the relation between film and philosophy.
Depaysement in Henry Selick`s Animations
Park, Youn-O ; Kim, Jae-Woong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 179~186
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.179
In the base of tale stories, main character in Henry Selick`s works is always faced with CAOS situation such as the separated world as two part real and cyber. That makes audience feel the sense of the real. I concentrated to research how audiences` estimate was formed and reversed and what type of surrealism techniques will happened in the animation for the near future. Animation will be shown the new possibilities with extension and harmony of all kinds of arts expression. This paper examines the study of animations by Henry Selick who is the world famous stop-motion animation director, production Art director. The case works are focused on `Depaysement technique of Surrealism` in his works.
Campaign Strategies of Sports Sponsorship and Ambush Advertising
Lee, Hee-Bok ; Shin, Myoung-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 187~197
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.187
This study compares the national telecom commercials during the World Cup in order to investigate the communication effects of sponsorship and ambush advertising. It conducts KTF and SKT advertising in 2006 as empirical study for exploring the communication effect. As a result, empirical study says that there is no difference between sponsorship and ambush advertising in terms of attitude toward advertising, and ambush advertising results in higher attitude toward brands than sponsorship ads. The significant difference is not found in free recall, the higher rate of miscognition occurs in ambush advertising. Thus, this study confirm the significant implication that sponsorship advertising and ambush advertising should be conducted under the long-term and consistent communication strategies. This means that corporate communication strategies through sports events should be carried out centering around the campaign. It is expected that the findings of this study contribute to develop the sponsorship theory and provide practical implications on campaign strategy to advertising specialists.
Response to the Metaphorical Expression Method That is Shown in the The Image of Picture Book
Yoo, Dong-Kwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 198~207
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.198
Formation of optical meaning shown in the picture book screen is the original expression method in that it makes you understand properties or characteristics of subjects more easily and faster adding another images to them, exaggerating or reducing them as well as shows the phenomenon that you try to deliver. In this study, I first prepared the framework of classification on metaphorical expression methods of the picture books` illustration through theoretical study on the optical metaphorical characteristics and expression forms to analyze how the metaphorical expression methods shown in the picture books for children works optically and psychologically to them. Also, I divided the expression form into 2 types to derive optical psychological perceptional response of children through the empirical survey and analyzed linguistic psychological response of children by type utilizing it as the survey materials of in-depth interviews. Finally, I think that the result of this study will help screen production based on personality and creativity of illustrators and, in addition, it will be utilized in studies and tests of the effective expression methods for students who learn illustration.
Contents Construction of `Sea of Korea` Using European Antique Maps
Oh, Il-Whan ; Lee, Seung-Su ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 208~219
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.208
Antique maps are a cultural heritage of recorded information with distinguished pictorial and scientific value. They have been utilized in a variety of academic fields, especially in historical geography, as the most fundamental data to look into the restoration of space or historic changes of area from the past. However, there is no sufficient study on the development of contents using antique maps in the exhibitions. Furthermore, there is almost no content research on the antique maps integrating the academic programs in museums or art galleries. In particular, it is very difficult to find research on the approaches to configure or utilize the exhibition contents related to the Sea of Korea using European antique maps. This study examined the construction of educational contents in order to use the European antique maps including the Sea of Korea as well as Korea itself in the exhibitions. The results of this study may visualize the results of academic research on the territory and territorial waters of Korea and extensively acknowledge them as scientific data all over the world. Furthermore, this study aimed to create the opportunity to increase interest in the Sea of Korea and recognize it again, to find the contents construction to use European antique maps as academic data for exhibition and education in museums or cultural facilities and to provide a basic model for history education using antique maps.
Case on Brand Management of the Fashion Brand EXR
Min, Bok-Ki ; Lee, Hye-Joo ; Kim, Mi-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 220~232
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.220
Companies have been difficult to capture the minds of consumers by staying in the sales phase in order to sell products. The marketing and brand management strategies of more understanding consumers and systematically managing for the perception of them are becoming important. Since launched, EXR has implemented a systematic brand management process from its early stage. Based on the idea of `brand asset by customer` by Kevin Lane Keller that the total of consumer brand knowledge ultimately completes the company brand power, `brand asset`, to satisfy areas of `functionality` and `design`, EXR pioneered its ultimate brand asset which is `CAPORTS` and established its own identity called, `PROGRESSIVE`. For the success of a brand management, there must be a clear vision supported by the determination of a specific brand identity. Also, it needs to be shared by members of the organization, and to maintain and manage it in the long run, an integrated management strategy is essential. On the basis of such identity, EXR was able to carry out the integrated management for its brand and the overall implementation of the marketing strategy. Therefore, In this study, we seek for a sustainable brand management strategy of fashion brand by looking into the process of the EXR`s brand establishment.
Analysis of Image Expression in Make-up Illustration
Lee, Kyung-Hee ; Choi, Hee-Ja ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 233~243
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.233
Thanks to the rapid advance of modern technology in industrial society, economic and material abundances have not only caused a variety of cultural industry to develop but also brought about the development of beauty treatment industry. Like this, the industry has continually expanded into the public rapidly by forming a new beauty trend along with the growth of mass media such as T.V, advertisement, vogue magazine, and film. And make-up is also broadening its artistic areas by utilizing various expression skills and consistently changing with beauty trends, which has influences on Make-up Illustration. As a result, it has been recognized as a new conception of `art` expanding in interpretation of communicating with the masses under condition of modern culture and stressed in its part more and more. It is expected that Make-up Illustration playing an important role in the exchange of fashion trend information between beauty treatment industry and people will be studied in different-image-expression ways to raise its artistic value and be a useful material for research and creation activities in the foreseeable future by Make-up Illustration made of computer graphics.
Survey on Oral Health Recognition Level and Support of Benefited School Teachers by the Operating Period of Incremental School Oral Health Program
Lee, Jung-Hwa ; Jeon, Eun-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 244~252
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.244
The purpose of this study was to provide the fundamental data for further developments of the school dental clinic program through evaluating oral health knowledge, status and attitude of school dental program subjected on teachers who had experienced the program. The subjects were total 186 teachers from 8 elementary school in Ulsan metropolitan city area that had been operating school dental clinic program from 1999 to 2005. For the teachers by school and period of operation, the level of knowledge and behavior of oral health were no difference, however the recognition and behavior level in shorter operation group were higher, the level of recommend other school was higher than previous research. The efforts for further development school dental clinic program associated with advanced countries should be emphasized including the higher interests, more active participation and strengthened education. The systematic supports would be also important.
Kim, Min-Jung ; Ahn, Sung-Min ; Cho, Young-Kwon ; Choi, Jung-Hyun ; Kim, Sung-Chul ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 253~258
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.253
Effect of Liver Damage by Combined Administration of Ethanol and Xylene in Rats
Yoon, In-Sook ; Lee, Hye-Ja ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 259~267
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.259
To evaluate an effect of liver damage on ethanol and xylene exposure, experiments on normal male rats of the S-D strain were performed in 4 groups. The biochemical results suggest that the ethanol group had significantly higher levels of AST, ALT, LDH and also, the xylene group had notably higher levels of AST, ALT, LDH along with MMHPA than those of the control groups. The levels of AST, ALT and LDH in the ethanol+xylene group were drastically higher than those in the control, ethanol and xylene groups. But, there were significantly lower ALP levels in the xylene and ethanol+xylene groups than both the control and ethanol groups. The histological features of rat livers treated with alcohol, or xylene proved to be normal. But the rat livers treated with ethanol+xylene showed mild to moderate necrosis and inflammation as well as minimal fatty changes. The results in this experiment suggest that liver functions decreased when medicated together with xylene and ethanol rather than solely with xylene.
Association of Coronary Artery Calcium Scores with Cadiovascular Disease Risk Factors in an Asymptomatic Adults
Moon, Il-Bong ; Sohn, Seok-Joon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 268~275
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.268
Coronary artery calcium scores(CACS) has been used as surrogate marker for coronary atherosclerosis. We evaluated 1042 patients who visited the Department of Health Promotion Center in Chonnam National University Hospital and had a test of the CACS from January 2006, to December 2008. This study was performed to evaluate the relation of the CACS with Cadiovascular disease(CVD) risk factors and FRS. CACS and FRS was a significant difference between the group whose calcium score was 0 and the group whose calcium scores were 1 in case of men 2.38(95% CI, 1.83-3.11), women 2.12(95% CI, 1.03-4.35). The age-and sex-adjusted odds ratios for predictor of CVD risk factors to women with age was 1.10(95% CI, 1.06-1.15), HDL-cholesterol was 2.38(95% CI, 1.04-5.44), Fasting plasma glucose was 2.89(95% CI, 1.16-7.21), to men with age was 1.11(95% CI, 1.08-1.14), LDL-cholesterol was 2.12(95% CI, 1.28-3.50), gamma-GTP was 1.73(95% CI, 1.17-2.55), Diabetes mellitus medication was 3.92(95% CI, 1.73-8.89). The CACS seems to be a siginificant factor to evaluate the CVD risk factors.
A Comparative the Assessment of Oral Health Plans in Schools for Disabled Youth in Different Regions
Jeong, Mi-Ae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 276~284
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.276
The purpose of this study was to examine the oral health plans of 142 special schools for disabled youth in different regions across the nation based on the self-evaluation of their school nurses in an attempt to help improve school oral health plans and provide useful information on the planning of oral health plans for schools for disabled youth, as the oral health plans of special schools for disabled youth depended on local characteristics. As a result of make a synthetic evaluation, the oral health plans of special schools located in Gyeongsang Province ranked first, and those of special schools in Seoul scored low due to the smallest number of items included. And it`s recommended to select separate objectives of oral health education geared toward physically disadvantaged children, to extend school fluoride mouth rinse and pit & fissure sealing projects, and to enhance the management of school dental clinics.
Morphology and Size of Clinical Crowns of Permanent Maxillary Molars in College Students
Jeon, Eun-Suk ; Lee, Jung-Hwa ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 285~296
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.285
This study was implemented among 100 students of C College of Public Health who have healthy permanent dentition in order to measure the morphology and sizes of clinical crowns of permanent maxillary molars. The following are conclusions of this study. 1. The cusp height, crown width, crown thickness of clinical crowns appeared to be bilaterally symmetrical. 2. The strong development of the buccal groove showed to be superior in the right first molar. The appearance rate of the buccal pit was high in the right first molar also. 3. The type 4th cusp appeared as 100% in the left and right first molars, and 78%, 75% in the left and right second molars respectively. 4. The distal lingual cusp(DLC) size were bilaterally symmetrical in the type 4th cusp. 5. As for the distance between two cusp tips, it was large between mesial cusp tips in all of the first and second molars at both sides. 6. Development of the Carabelli`s cusp was high in both the left and right first molars. 7. The appearance rate of the oblique ridge was 87.0% in the right first molar, 73.0% in the right second molar, 88.0% in the left first molar, and 73.0% in the left second molar. This is considered to be caused by people who have mild dental crown caries in their first molars. 8. The appearance rate of the mesial marginal ridge tubercle(DMRT) was high in both of the left and right first molars. That of the distal tubercle was 16.0% in the right first molar, 26.0% in the right second molar, 14.0% in the left first molar, and 21% in the left second molar.
Radiation Damage Mechanism of the Small Intestine`s Absorptive Epithelium and Radioprotection Effect after Propolis Abdominal Cavity Injection
Ji, Tae-Jeong ; Lee, Sang-Hun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 297~304
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.297
As Small Intestine Absorptive Epithelium Cells are surrounded by mucus polysaccharide and lymphocytes and mitochondria, they are sensitive to radiation energy. Damaged cells lead to a deficiency of nutrients and the imbalance of electrolyte metabolism, which in turn can becomes a major cause of an intestine tract death. This research observed ultra structures after injecting propolis into the abdominal cavity in order to reveal the radiation damage mechanism and radioprotection effect of intestine absorptive epithelium cells. The result of this research`s observation found that stenosis occurred in the small intestine in some tissues 20 days after 5Gy irradiation, their surface turned black, and their elasticity dropped. Through observation with an optical microscope, it was found that the size of the goblet cells decreased, while the paneth granulate cells atrophied and were vacuolated. Observation with an transmission electron microscope(TEM) revealed that while microvill and lysosome were normally observed in jejunum tissues, mitochondria membrane was damaged and uneven surfaces were formed on lymphocytes. The membrane of absorptive epithelium cells hypertrophied in tissues of the ileum, and vacuole was observed. However, the observation after injecting propolis into the abdominal cavity found that mitochondria damage dropped dramatically, and radioprotection effects were to some extent confirmed, considering that glycocalyx of villi was clear, and M cells could be observed.
Domestic and International Graduate School Education in the Radiological Science : Status and Analysis
Ko, Seong-Jin ; Kang, Se-Sik ; Kim, Jeong-Hoon ; Choi, Seok-Yoon ; Kim, Chang-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 305~316
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.305
The impotance of Radiological science is greater due to development of Science and technology in Medical and Engineering. people who research specific area thought interdisciplinary approach, convergence is essential to pioneer a new field, receive attention was that interdisciplinary approach was needed. so investigating graduate system of radiological science, advanced country, designed to fit their country, could propose reference. the results show, in the university of offered with Master Degree operated program for Clinical experts(Sonography Specialist, Radiation Theraphy Specialist and Nuclear Medicine Specialist)and offered with Ph.D Degree operated program for Scientist and physicist (Nuclear Scientist, Medical Physicist). Note that by this, advanced graduate school program will enable us to become a reader of academia, play a leading role in the world.
Analysis on the Leisure Constraint and Index Concentrate Here Improvement`s Leisure Activities among the Private Security Agents Applying PPA Technique
Kim, Kyong-Sik ; Kim, Chan-Sun ; Park, Young-Man ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 317~325
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.317
This study aims to deduct the extensive improvement types of leisure activities of private security agents using PPA technique and to examine the influence of leisure constraint on the index of participation. Through this process, this study consequently will draw the priority list of investment on the policy for improving the welfare status of private security agents. In this study, judgement sampling was applied to 6 security agencies located in Seoul, 2010, and 267 cases were used in the final analysis. Collected data went through factor analysis, reliability analysis, paired t test, PPA analysis, and regression analysis by using SPSSWIN 17.0. The conclusions were drawn as follows. In regard to the reliability, Cronbach`s
was over .768. First, there was a difference between the preference rate and the participation rate which are the participation index of the private security agents` leisure activities. concentrate here in leisure types turned out to be fitness activities, walking/jogging, tourism, a day-long travel, and keep up the cood work in leisure types are movies, domestic tourist attractions, dating, eating out, personal relationship, watching sports, reading, karaoke, TV video watching, drinking etc. low priority in leisure types are water sports, hiking, biking, soccer, photography, ball games, sky sports, playing go/janggi, inline skates, and cooking. Second, the leisure constraint affects the participation index of leisure activities. As the personal constraint, and surrounding conscious constraint which are the subordinate factors of the leisure constraint get bigger, the participation index of favored leisure activities become lower. In contrast, when the difficulties such as structural constraint, time and economical constraint are overcome, participation index of leisure activities go on the rise.
Qualitative Research on the Curriculum of Department Security Programs in University
Kang, Min-Wan ; Kim, Seon-Ah ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 326~336
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.326
The purpose of this research is to analysis of difference about university curriculum of secretary from ethnographic research. The research participant 4 years is the university graduate. The participant who is selected is the practical career person of 3 or more years that Works at the Seoul individual enterprise. The specialist verified continuously about research truth and ethical from collection of data and analytical process. The research method and analysis results are as follows : First, Martial art and sports relation subject is more protocol secretary and secretary subject. But emphasized an importance about protocol secretary and secretary subject. Second, The male emphasized that Specialist training and segmentation in major field of study. The woman emphasized that women`s studies and protocol secretary, culture of high-level class. Third, They have emphasized difference about private security in professionalism of curriculum.
Effect of Psychological Burnout on Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intention among Police Officers
Sin, Seong-Won ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 337~343
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.337
Policing is regarded as a stressful occupation. Police Officers have been reported to have increased rates of cardiovascular and gastrointestinal disorders, divorce rates twice the average, and suicide rates two to six times the average. The aim of this study is to identify the effect of psychological burnout on job satisfaction and turnover intention among police officers. In the regression analysis, psychological burnout have significant relations with job satisfaction and turnover intention. In the correlation analysis, psychological burnout have a negative relation with job satisfaction and a positive relation with turnover intention. And job satisfaction have a negative relation with turnover intention.
Effects of Customer Satisfaction and Switching Barrier on Customer Retention and Intention of WOM in Insurance Services
Jung, Duk-Hwa ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 344~354
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.344
The primary purpose of this study is to examine the effects of customer satisfaction and switching barrier on customer retention and intention of WOM in insurance services. Based on relevant literature reviews, this study posits three switching barrier characteristics, that is, switching costs, attractiveness of alternatives and interpersonal relationship as key determinants of customer retention and intention of WOM. And then we structured a research model and hypotheses about relationship between these variables. A total 230 usable survey responses of life insurance service users have been employed in the analysis. The major findings from the data analyses are as follows. Firstly, customer satisfaction had a positive influence upon customer retention and intention of WOM. Secondly, two switching barrier characteristics of switching costs and interpersonal relationship had a positive influence upon customer retention. Lastly, customer retention had very significantly related to intention of WOM in insurance services. From this study, we expect to suggest practical and managerial implications to insurance service providers.
Impact of IT Service Quality on Knowledge Sharing through Relationship Quality
Park, Jun-Gi ; Yoon, Jung-In ; Lee, Jung-Woo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 355~365
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.355
IT service is becoming a critical business operation in the age of information revolution. In providing IT services internally to other functions of the corporation and externally to other organizations, sharing of knowledge between business people and system people is known to become more and more critical for successful IT services. Purpose of this research is to examine the impact of IT service quality on knowledge sharing activities between IT service providers and users. Theoretical research model, through an extant literature review, is proposed here, consisting of IT service quality, relationship quality(satisfaction, trust and commitment), and the level of knowledge sharing activities. Survey results of 183 users indicates that IT service quality significantly influences commitment through satisfaction and trust, which in turn influences the level of knowledge sharing activities. Also, interestingly, satisfaction and trust do not directly influences the level of knowledge sharing,but indirectly, through commitment.
Analysis of Distinction according to Athletics Class Teaching of Sport Activities Participation by Primary School Female Teachers
Kim, Seong-Yong ; Kim, Kyoung-Sik ; Kim, Chae-Woon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 366~376
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.366
The purpose of this research is to analysis of distinction according to athletics class teaching of sport activities participation by primary school female teachers. The result showed that primary school female teachers who had participated in sports activities had higher average in athletic class recognition and athletic class teaching than those who had not participated in sports activities. The difference was statistically significant. Among participators to sports activities, teachers who participated in "indirect competition type sports" had higher average in athletic class teaching than those who had participated in "performance record type sports" or "aesthetic sports". The difference was statistically significant. Regarding degree of participation in sports activities, teachers who had participated in twice and more than twice a week had higher average in athletic class teaching than those who had participated in once or less than once a week. The difference was statistically significant. There was no significant difference among groups regarding participating time or participating period in sports activities. In conclusion, our research suggests that sports activities participation by primary school female teachers gives positive impact to athletic class teaching.
Effects of Service Recovery Efforts on Customers` Switching Intentions
Chung, Hyun-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 377~385
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.377
To find out an mediating variable between justice perception and switching intentions in the service failure and recovery context the study has centered mainly on justice perceptions, satisfaction and switching intentions after service failure. The researcher found that justice perceptions had negative effects on switching intentions, but satisfaction after service recovery didn`t mediate between justice perceptions and switching intentions.
Relation Among Big 5 Personality Factors, Job Involvement and Customer Orientation of Hotel Employees
Lee, Chae-Eun ; Lee, Jin-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 386~395
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.386
This study aims to find the influential relation amongst Big 5 personality factors, job involvement and customer orientation of hotel employees and to provide methods to develop their personality factors suitable for a organization Firstly, detailed verification findings of regression analysis on Big 5 personality factors and job involvement were suggested as following; Job attachment of hotel employees influenced their extroversion and friendliness. Also, sincerity and stability had significant effects on job responsibility and task significance had significant. Secondly, regression analysis was performed to identify the results of job involvement and customer orientation and the detailed verification results are as following; Satisfaction of customers` needs had significant effect on job attachment and job responsibility. In addition, service for response to customers` contacts meaningfully influenced job responsibility and task significance.
Satisfaction Decision Factors of Visitors of Rural Tourism
Jang, Kyoung-Su ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 396~403
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.396
The aim of this study is to draw questions to measure the satisfaction level of visitors who are users of rural tourism and to examine factors to decide satisfaction, which affect their overall satisfaction using drawn questions to assess the satisfaction level. In order to achieve these research purposes, the survey was conducted with visitors visiting rural farming villages-experiencing towns located in Yangpyeong Gun, Gyeonggi Province. Through reviewing previous study we drew 24 questions to measure the satisfaction level of visitors who are users of rural tourism. As a result of the empirical analysis using the structural equation model, the factors to decide the satisfaction of visitors visiting farm villages appeared to be 4 factors including experience program, cost, guide and rurality.
Effect of Cabin Attendants` Job Stress on Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment and Turnover Intention in the Airline Service
Cho, Kyung-Hee ; Ko, Ho-Seok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 404~419
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.404
The purpose of this study is to investigate the causal relationship between cabin attendants` job stress level and job satisfaction, organization commitment and turnover intention in the airline service industry. The study was done by conducting a questionnaire research. 215 questionnaires were distributed to cabin attendants of airlines, and 198 questionnaires of which are utilized for data analysis. The collected questionnaires were analyzed using spsswin 12.0 and Amos 5.0 statistical package for the empirical and statistical analysis. The conclusions were as follows: Firstly, cabin attendants` job stress level had significant negative impact on job satisfaction, but the organization commitment seemed to have a positive impact on overall job satisfaction level. Secondly, job stress didn`t affect cabin attendants` organization commitment. The result of the study indicates that there needs to be various way implemented by airline management to dissolve the airline`s cabin attendant`s overall job stress, in order for the attendants to be satisfied with their job and consequently preventing a high turnover rate in the cabin attendant crew. Finally, the limitations of the study and directions for the future research are presented.
Analysis of Extension Pattern for Network of Movie Stars from Korea Movies 100
Ryu, Jea-Woon ; Kim, Hak-Yong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 420~428
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.420
The advancement of the Science for complex systems enables the analysis of many social networks. We constructed and analyzed a Korean movie star network as one of social networks, based on the 100 Korean movie selection for a main data source. Until now, the research trend has been the structural analysis of network, focused on link numbers, such as degree, betweenness and clustering coefficient. But it is time that the research is not limited by the structural analysis of networks only. Rather, the research goal should be aimed to an information analysis, performed by identifying and analyzing central modules that are regarded as the core of complex networks, using k-core analysis method. In this research, we constructed a network of movie stars who have appeared in 100 Korean movie selection, provided by Korean movie database, also we analyzed its core modules with and without weights, and the trend of seasonal expansion of the network. We expect our findings can be used as the basic data applicable to a model for understanding of the expansion and evolution of networks.
Reconstruction of e-Learning Contents based on Web 2.0, and the Level Diagnosis
Lim, Yang-Won ; Lim, Han-Kyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 429~437
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.429
As Web technology and functions have recently changed to a user-focused paradigm, new studies are being conducted to construct dynamic learning content that enables the learner`s participation and continuous learning in the field of e-learning research and design. This paper covers a study on the degree of difficulty in learner-focused dynamic learning contents to provide efficient learning environments for its adaptation to e-learning 2.0. This study suggests DLA (Dynamic Level Adjustment) to provide learner-focused contents. The suggested system will be a guideline to control and adopt learning content that can be easily applied to the environmental change, and more in-depth future research can be performed by using the system. A dynamic learning content model was made to recognize various learning patterns of learners as a result of the performance evaluation.
Development of a Scale and Analysis of Peer-assesment Questions of the Preschool Teachers
Lim, Eun-Jung ; Lee, Sung-Kyun ; Jung, Mi-Rim ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 438~448
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.438
This study is aimed for a scale of assessing the work performance, educational operations, and so on of preschool teachers by the peers. It has been previously discussed the studies of scale assesment of preschool teachers, however, the scale assesment had been a self-assesment or a transitory assesment by the senior teachers and principals only. This study is developed to assess the preschool teachers through the peer- teachers. Peer-assesment has strong points that to assess the teachers constantly can be more accurate, the assessment result can be used as the basic material for peer scholarship, and it can give the preschool teachers an opportunity to be recognised on tasks. There are 51 questions are developed to assess the peers. 9 sections total; 1) 6 questions on body human nature 2) 6 questions on view on career 3) 3 questions on self-development 4) 4 questions on curriculum planing 5) 12 questions on administering and managing 6) 6 questions on understanding children 7) 4 questions on managing a class 8) 7 questions on work performance 9) 3 questions on teaching practice. Each section is surveyed by 150 preschool teachers, and the all questions are analysed statistically appropriate of a scale(validity of contents, validity of surveyors, inter-item consistency) and appropriate of each section. It is known this peer assesment of preschool teachers is an appropriate scale.
Analysis of Trend Survey on Overseas e-Learning Quality Assurance
Kim, Ja-Mee ; Kim, Chang-Soo ; Lee, Won-Gyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 449~458
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.449
The e-Learning quality assurance is a part of responsibility for education in latest information age, and should be understood as a basic direction for qualitative enhancement rather than quantifiable expansion. In such a context, this study sought to survey latest trends of e-Learning quality assurance activities deployed around overseas countries, so that it could give possible implications on how to plan and perform e-Learning quality assurance in Korea. So, this study focused on surveying actual conditions, coverage, target and useful indices of e-Learning quality assurance activities deployed by 9 institutions across 5 countries, and characterizing those activities across 5 countries. As a result, this study could find out its implications such as acquisition of various resources available for e-Learning, nationwide consolidation of e-Learning quality assurance activities, development of specialists in e-Learning quality assurance, and choice and focus for e-Learning quality assurance system. In other words, it was found that e-Learning quality assurance should be approached from nationwide standpoint in the interest of better educational quality, rather than from viewpoint of task.
Developing the Teaching Material and Comparative Experiment of LOGO and Scratch
Kim, Jong-Jin ; Hyun, Dong-Lim ; Kim, Sung-Wan ; Kim, Jong-Hoon ; Won, Yoo-Hun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 459~469
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.459
Knowledge-based society requests the ability to reuse existing knowledge beyond acquirement and utilization of universal knowledge. The present education of computer, on the other hand, is biased only teaching how to use software. But it does not appropriate for the education to boost various and creative thinking. Thus, this paper carried out research on creativity to be treated in the goal of the 7th Educational Curriculum. Also it selected and analysed computer programming languages-`LOGO` and `Scratch`. Furthermore, it develops a training material and applies to elementary students in schools. The result that it compares and analyzes the effect that each languages influence to creativity of students, both of them help to develop creativity. Especially `LOGO` made a positive impact on fluency, `Scratch` did on ness and resistance.
Learners` Perceptions toward Non-speech Sounds Designed in e-Learning Contents
Kim, Tae-Hyun ; Rha, Il-Ju ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 10, issue 7, 2010, Pages 470~480
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.7.470
Although e-Learning contents contain audio materials as well as visual materials, research on the design of audio materials has been focused on visual design. If it is considered that non-speech sounds which are a type of audio materials can promptly provide feedbacks of learners` responses and guide learners` learning process, the systemic design of non-speech sounds is needed. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the learners` perceptions toward non-speech sounds contained the e-Learning contents with multidimensional scaling method. For this purpose, the eleven non-speech sounds were selected among non-speech sounds designed Korea Open Courseware. The 66 juniors in A university responded the degree of similarity among 11 non-speech sounds and the learners` perceptions towards non-speech sounds were represented in the multidimensional space. The result shows that learners perceive separately non-speech sounds by the length of non-speech sounds and the atmosphere which is positive or negative.