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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 12 - Dec 2011
Volume 11, Issue 11 - Nov 2011
Volume 11, Issue 10 - Oct 2011
Volume 11, Issue 9 - Sep 2011
Volume 11, Issue 8 - Aug 2011
Volume 11, Issue 7 - Jul 2011
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Jun 2011
Volume 11, Issue 5 - May 2011
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Apr 2011
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Mar 2011
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Feb 2011
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2011
Selecting the target year
Forecasting Short-Term KOSPI using Wavelet Transforms and Fuzzy Neural Network
Shin, Dong-Kun ; Chung, Kyung-Yong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.001
The methodology of KOSPI forecast has been considered as one of the most difficult problem to develop accurately since short-term KOSPI is correlated with various factors including politics and economics. In this paper, we presents a methodology for forecasting short-term trends of stock price for five days using the feature selection method based on a neural network with weighted fuzzy membership functions (NEWFM). The distributed non-overlap area measurement method selects the minimized number of input features by removing the worst input features one by one. A technical indicator are selected for preprocessing KOSPI data in the first step. In the second step, thirty-nine numbers of input features are produced by wavelet transforms. Twelve numbers of input features are selected as the minimized numbers of input features from thirty-nine numbers of input features using the non-overlap area distribution measurement method. The proposed method shows that sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy rates are 72.79%, 74.76%, and 73.84%, respectively.
Analysis of Correlation between Contacts to Cyber Obscene Materials and Sex Crime of High School Students
Kim, Eun-Sil ; Kim, Gui-Jung ; Kim, Bong-Han ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 8~17
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.008
In this study, actual contact status to cyber obscene materials of high school students was grasped and the influence of contacts to cyber obscene materials on sex crime was analyzed. For this purpose, actual contacts status to cyber obscene materials, influence of cyber obscene materials, attitude of sex, and consciousness of sex crime were surveyed and accordingly correlation between each survey result were totally analyzed. This study result revealed that there is a close correlation between contacts to cyber obscene materials and sex crime. Obscene materials wrongly lead students who have big sexual curiosity to create distorted sexual behaviors and also commit sex crimes.
Obtaining Object by Using Optimal Threshold for Saliency Map Thresholding
Hai, Nguyen Cao Truong ; Kim, Do-Yeon ; Park, Hyuk-Ro ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 18~25
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.018
Salient object attracts more and more attention from researchers due to its important role in many fields of multimedia processing like tracking, segmentation, adaptive compression, and content-base image retrieval. Usually, a saliency map is binarized into black and white map, which is considered as the binary mask of the salient object in the image. Still, the threshold is heuristically chosen or parametrically controlled. This paper suggests using the global optimal threshold to perform saliency map thresholding. This work also considers the usage of multi-level optimal thresholds and the local adaptive thresholds in the experiments. These experimental results show that using global optimal threshold method is better than parametric controlled or local adaptive threshold method.
Performance Evaluation of Transmitting Brainwave Signals for Driver`s Safety in Urban Area Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network
Jo, Jun-Mo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 26~32
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.026
Recently, in the U-health area, there are research related on monitoring brainwaves in real-time for coping with emergent situations like the fatigue driving, cerebral infarction or the heart attack of not only the patients but also the normal elderly folks by transmitting of the EEG(Electroencephalograph). This system could be applied to hospitals or sanatoriums. In this paper, it is applied for the vehicular ad-hoc network to prevent the car accident in advance by monitoring the brainwaves of a driver in real-time. In order to do this, I used mobile ad-hoc nodes supported in the Opnet simulator for the efficient EEG brainwave transmission in the VANET environment. The vehicular ad-hoc networks transmitting the brainwaves to the nearest road-side unit are designed and simulated to draw an efficient and proper vehicular ad-hoc network environment.
Development of Special Asset Management System Using RFID
Han, Sang-Hoon ; Min, Jang-Geun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 33~41
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.033
RFID technology is already used in the various application fields such as identification card, traffic card and etc. Many RFID application systems using UHF have been developed in the field of asset management, logistics and security. Because a human being can make mistakes, we need the system that can efficiently manage the special assets such as small arms, jewelry and medicine and can monitor them in real time. In this paper, we proposed a special assets management system to keep assets in safe custody, to monitor their safety status in real time and to manage distribution channels and history of those assets. The developed system is called Smart Cabinet because it has cabinet`s form. Smart Cabinet integrates such technologies as RFID, smart card, fingerprint recognition, several sensors and LCD display in order to provide the functions for special asset management. Those functions include condition monitoring of assets, traceability management, distribution channels and security logs, which are to interact with a management server. The article demonstrated the potentiality of RFID by presenting special asset management solutions dedicated to guns and medicine management, and also showed the effectiveness and possibility of those solutions.
Design and Implementation of Remote Controlled Pet Management System Based on Home Network
Kwon, Soon-Ryang ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 42~50
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.042
This paper is to propose design and implementation methods of a pet dog management system that can effectively manage the pet dog in home through client such as a mobile terminal or a PC from remote location, in the absence of the owner in the house. Through this system, we can manage the dog efficiently via a series of monitoring and control functionalities of the dog such as observing of the dog`s status, or feeding the dog, or taking the necessary measures on maintaining a healthy environment such as temperature/humidity sensing and turn on/off fans and lights, or sending SMS text to the owner from detection of the barking of the dog.
Implementation of ACS-based Wireless Sensor Network Routing Algorithm using Location Information
Jeon, Hye-Kyoung ; Han, Seung-Jin ; Chung, Kyung-Yong ; Rim, Kee-Wook ; Lee, Jung-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 51~58
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.051
One of the objectives of research on routing methods in wireless sensor networks is maximizing the energy life of sensor nodes that have limited energy. In this study, we tried to even energy use in a wireless sensor network by giving a weight to the transition probability of ACS(Ant Colony System), which is commonly used to find the optimal path, based on the amount of energy in a sensor and the distance of the sensor from the sink. The proposed method showed improvement by 46.80% on the average in energy utility in comparison with representative routing method GPSR (Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing), and its residual energy after operation for a specific length of time was 6.7% more on the average than that in ACS.
Efficient Genetic Algorithm for Resource Constrained Project Scheduling Problem
Lee, Sang-Wook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 59~66
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.059
Resource constrained project scheduling problem with multiple resource constraints as well as precedence constraints is well-known as one of the NP-hard problem. Since these problems can`t be solved by the deterministic method during reasonable time, the heuristics are generally used for getting a sub-optimal during reasonable time. In this paper, we introduce an efficient genetic algorithm for resource constrained project scheduling problem using crossover which is applying schema theory and real world tournament selection strategy. Experimental results showed that the proposed algorithm is superior to conventional algorithm.
UCC Cutout Animation Generation using Video Inputs
Lee, Yun-Jin ; Yang, Seung-Jae ; Kim, Jun-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 67~75
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.067
We propose a novel non-photorealistic rendering technique which generates a cutout animation from a video for UCC. Our method consists of four parts. First, we construct an interactive system to build an articulated character. Second, we extract motions from an input video. Third, we transform motions of a character in order to reflect characteristics of cutout animations. Fourth, we render the extracted or transformed components in cutout animation style. We developed a unified system for a user to easily create a cutout animation from an input video and showed the system generated a cutout animation efficiently.
Design and use of the Signification and Communication Analysis Frame for the Brand Logo Sign: based on the Social Media Brands
Kwon, Boh-Youn ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 76~89
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.076
The first purpose of this paper is to design brand logo sign analysis frame, `SCoL`(Analysis frame of signification and communication for the brand logo). It has semiotic view and communication function. And the second is to prove propriety of the suggested frame by application to social media brand logos. The SCoL frame is based on 4 features of logo sigh to have analytic consistency. Also, it covers whole semiological process with index, icon, symbol as signification understanding and reach communication step with Jakobson`s theory. As the results, the findings are follow; The SCoL frame can be useful to get comprehensive semiotic understandings and communication functions about logo signs. The social media brands build their own meaning area with logo signs and they depend on different communication function.
Virtual Reality and the Space of Gu-Wun-Mong
Jeon, Yi-Jeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 90~97
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.090
The availability of computers and the wide network of the internet of the `Information Society` has created a new space: Cyberspace. In this situations, the matters of individual identities and morality are more important problems. Korean classical novel, Gu Wun Mong, embodied the exploration process of identities in virtual spaces, has gravity of a situation. Seong Jin, the hero experienced the life of Yang so you went throughing virtual life, be born again. And he met eight taoist fairy in that virtual world. In this process, Seong Jin overcame a dualistic world of view and established identity of genuine truth-seeker. The `Dream-fantasy` experience differentiation real world and virture world and give to Seong Jin a new identity, So You. Seong Jin used avatar, So You was free from limits of self and became obtain multiple personalities. Finally, Seong Jin realized the fact that real world and virtual one is the same, for development self-perception. Seong Jin`s enlightment provided solutions for modern netizens, who is ambivalent about contradiction the real and virtual, infinity and clash of desire.
Development of Interactive Video Using Real-time Optical Flow and Masking
Kim, Tae-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 98~105
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.098
Recent advances in computer technologies support real-time image processing and special effects on personal computers. This paper presents and analyzes a real-time interactive video system. The motivation of this work is to realize an artistic concept that aims at transforming the timeline visual variations in a video of sea water waves into sound in order to provide an audience with an experience of overlapping themselves onto the nature. In practice, the video of sea water waves taken on a beach is processed using an optical flow algorithm in order to extract the information of visual variations between the video frames. This is then masked by the silhouette of an audience and the result is projected on a gallery space. The intensity information is extracted from the resulting video and translated into piano sounds accordingly. This work generates an interactive space realizing the intended concept.
Shading Algorithm Evaluation based on User Perception
Byun, Hae-Won ; Park, Yun-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 106~115
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.106
In this paper, we evaluate the effectiveness of previous shading algorithms in depicting shape of 3d objects. We perform a study in which people are shown an image of one of ten 3D objects shaded with one of eight styles and asked to orient a gauge to coincide with the surface normal at many positions on the object`s surface. The normal estimates are compared with each other and with ground truth data provided by a registered 3D surface model to analyze accuracy and precision. Our experiments suggest that people interpret certain shape differently depending on shading of 3d object. This paper offers substantial evidence that current computer graphics shading algorithms can effectively depict shape of 3d objects where the algorithms have the properties of lots of tone steps and uniformly distributed tone steps. This type of analysis can guide the future development of new CG shading algorithms in computer graphics for the purpose of shape perception.
An analysis of the Space as a Narrative Element in the Horror Game
Lee, Young-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 116~126
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.116
In this paper, the horror game is defined as a game that is aimed at causing fear reactions to user. And this paper analyzed narrative elements for studying what causes fear reactions beyond the existing experimental study. This analysis is significant at the point of determining narrative principles in the horror game. So this paper has extracted horror elements from gothic horror novels that established as the `horror` genre and has considered how these horror elements would be transformed actually in the horror game. So it analyzes how the space and narrative elements as the distinctive characteristics of game are transformed centrally in the case of the `Silent hill` series(published by Konami Corporation). Furthermore this study will be expected to be a help for clarifying not only the horror game as a peculiar genre but also the relationship between the space and narrative elements in the game.
A Successful Case of the `Great Admiral Yisunsin Festival` that Integrates `Chungmugong e-sports Competition`
Lee, Jung-Jun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 127~134
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.127
A local festival is to be an essential element for the revival of regional economy and marketing since the management concept have introduced in the local government. Each local government is trying to achieve a maximum of efficiency at short period of time. But, most festival are each similar and common. In Asancity, it was holding the `Great Admiral Yisunsin Festival` every year in April. It has grown into a representative historical figure festival nationally, but can`t get over the limitation of historical figure festival. For differentiation from other festivals, The Asancity developed a online game in collaboration with hoseo university game engineering. The e-sports competition with this game was held, as a result, Many youths whose are a neglected class of people on the festival came in the festival and this e-sports competition has become benchmark for many local governments.
Using Camera Tracking and Image Composition Technique in Visual Effect Imaginary Production
Kim, Myung-Ha ; Yu, Jung-Jae ; Hong, Hyun-Ki ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 135~143
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.135
Visual effect production by computer graphics techniques has become more important in these days. However, there are three problems in the domestic contents production environments. First of all, most Korean film companies have insufficient generally potential to maintain and support their R&D (Research and Development) teams. Secondly, they are much dependent on the abroad commercial software tools. Finally, many people have to participate in the image production pipeline, called the labor-intensive pipeline. In producing a demonstration work, "The Sixty -miles-an-hour man", we have evaluated the usefulness of the developed camera tracking and image composition methods and then examined various production consideration elements. In addition, in order to develop a productive technical element and write a competitive film script, mutual understanding between the developers and the production users should be achieved. Also, this paper describes a role of the technical supervisor to direct the production environment in detail.
A Case Study of Animation Plagiarism through the Case of Music Video "Sonata of Temptation"
Jang, Yeon-Yi ; Kim, Hee-Kweon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 144~154
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.144
As the cinematographic works are familiar to us, the infringement of the cinematographic works is also increasing. Because we are always able to be closely accessible to the cinematographic works through the Internet, this phenomenon easily occurs across the genre of the cinematographic works or the borders. The case is typical that the Music Video "Sonata of Temptation" infringes the copyrights of the Japanese Animation "Final Fantasy 7". When the two works are compared and analyzed, a considerable portion of similarity is found; we can even express that no new scene is exist except it that the singer sings in the Music Video "Sonata of Temptation". Because this situation is not only a dishonor to the indivisual but also a great loss to the nation, we should thoroughly prepare not to infringe others` copyright even unconsciously.
Psychological Changes of Undergraduate using Color Programs and Entertainment Programs
Kim, Mi-Kyoung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 155~166
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.155
This study will be conducted to verify that color programs and entertainment programs affect undergraduates` psychology(Obsessive-compulsive, anxiety and hostility). The results of this study can be summarized as follows. First, the experimental group`s psychology(Obsessive-compulsive, anxiety and hostility) participated in color programs than did all the pre-investigation levels decreased post-mortem examination, statistically significant at 95% appeared to be. Second, after watching entertainment programs, pass through cognition process of color, undergraduates` color representation worked perception of red and blue respectively. This results is that the reason of white and the suppression of black what to do now with a sense of responsibility can be considered as a change process. In conclusion, after watching entertainment programs take advantage of color programs that a positive impact on undergraduates` psychological state, as they can provide bright colors with a variety of ways that make sense to suggest.
Characteristics of Korean Dramas Favored by Chinese Viewers -Focused on Internet Bulletin Boards-
Lee, Moon-Haeng ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 167~175
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.167
Increased numbers of Chinese are using the Internet as communications technology develops, and more Chinese are downloading and watching Korean dramas and movies. According to a survey conducted to assess the present state of Korean wave in China, most Chinese young people are watching Korean dramas by downloading them from the Internet. The objective of this study is to see the characteristics of Korean dramas preferred by Chinese viewers: the factors are years of production, diffusers(Broadcasters), types of drama, story topics, main actors, and directors. As a result, Chinese viewers tend to prefer to dramas recently diffused in Korea, miniseries, and comic dramas and romance. Otherwise, broadcasters, main actors, and directors do not influence directly on the choice of dramas of Chinese. Particularly, Korean wave stars in China do not always appear into the dramas favored by Chinese viewers.
History Textbooks and Changes of Korean War Photographs
Kim, Hyung-Gon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 176~184
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.176
The purpose of this study is to analyze the Korean War photographs in Korean history textbooks. This paper deals with the ways of describing Korean War in history textbooks. The Korean War photographs adopted in this study, using qualitative and quantitative analysis. The photographs analyzed for this study were in the 6 different textbooks in high school level. This paper focuses on how photographs of the textbooks help students create various memories about Korea War. The photographs of the textbooks, before the 7th Educational Process, decribe Korean War as victorious war. Meanwhile, the Korean War photographs in Korean modern and contemporary history textbook emphasize traumas of the war.
Style of Retro Design Using Pop Art
Yoo, Myung-Hwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 185~196
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.185
This study is considered how retro design concepts that are used pop art can be expressed through overview of theories and cases, and suggested applying to retro design. As a result, we found first, concepts reflecting popular image, second, popular hero concepts simply represented pop art`s feature. Third, there were no cases that are expressing the wounds made by political life. The most of cases expressed retro design with pop art representation techniques rather than reflecting of pop art`s ideology or spirit. Pop art`s retro design should be expressed as a modern style not only with reproduction of pop art, but also with designer`s creativity and pop art`s ideology and reinterpretation of formative meaning. Thus, it needs to set a concept by exploring of modern globalized mass media or daily life of people. Also, it should applying people`s entertainment, spare time and fantasy to bright cheerful mood of pop art to express each area of design.
Typography Media(Emoticon) for the Public Service and Communication
Kim, Young-Kook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 197~204
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.197
In line with the development of Media, the use of character has been developed in various ways. Specially, it has been emerged the functions of written language of visualization and delivery of emotion in the digitalized environment due to speedy growth of internet and Mobile. The emoticons emerged as a tool for the convenience of communication proved to have taken effective role in the part of communication culture. Particularly, Hangul emoticons which contains the meaning of communication and sharing in tandem with the principle of Hangul invention, provides convenience in combination & use due to its structural and design characteristic for which it plays a significant role of visual element. Hangul emoticon is definitely a part of Hangul culture and in view of globalization of visual language in connection with media development, there is a huge potential being to be used as a international communication tool. In this study, it will be reviewed on the increased utilization of Hangul emoticons and related public issues as being a part of typography media, in view of the generalization of private media as well as change of subjective user.
Choice ＆ Satisfaction Factors of Musical as Culture Contents
Choi, Tae-Kyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 205~214
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.205
This study was to investigate the choice & satisfaction factors of a musical as culture contents, and I will recognize it about relation between these two factors. To achieve this, I did a survey with spectators of
. Factors analysis and simple/multi regression analysis are utilized as data analytical methods. The choice factors of musical showed that it was five factors extracted a price and facilities, production and directing, marketing, musical quality, OSMU. The satisfaction factors of musical was four factors extracted a production company and trust of advertisement, artistic presentation, harmony of All members of the cast, level of leading actor or actress. The choice of musical influenced satisfaction factors showed that it as performance prices and facilities level is reasonable, and spectators expect high satisfaction regarding a performance. Analysts say that, Pricing to be exposed to quality of a work in order to raise musical satisfaction shall be performed. Also, An exaggerated performance marketing is negative to satisfaction of an audience compare with quality of a work it was confirmed to affect. This study suggests that important point is planning, directing and marketing of a musical.
Survey of User`s Satisfaction Level with the Outdoor Signboards throughout the Signboard Improvement Project
Seo, Yong-Mo ; Kim, Kyung-Hun ; Oh, Chi-Gyu ; Kim, Hyung-Jun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 215~227
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.215
Recently, City has contributed to the various and convenient environment by public design projects. These projects have grown very attentive to the outdoor signboards in cities. From this background, the local governments including the central government have driven to the outdoor signboards through the city street scenery improvement projects. These the outdoor signboards improvement projects are strengthen the city`s aesthetic function and city street scenery. In this research, we surveyed the satisfaction level of the outdoor signboards for shop which were engaged in this project and citizen by t-test method. We surveyed 30 stores and 41 citizen for the outdoor signboard`s aesthetic function, a reflection of region and store`s properties and communication effects. From our results, we researched the various understanding and satisfaction of the outdoor signboards improvement projects. Stores owner and citizens did not satisfy the outdoor signboards improvement projects. From our research, in order to advertise the city`s aesthetic function and to create our own unique outdoor signboards culture, a variety of tools and intensive cases are demanded, in the future the research on the outdoor signboards improvement projects must revitalized.
Potential of Social Media as a Channel for Film Marketing : Focusing on the Case of the Documentary Film
Ahn, Ji-Hye ; Min, Byung-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 228~241
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.228
This study aims to consider the effects of the change in communication culture affected by `Social Media` on the film marketing. Particularly, Twitter, a kind of Social Media which shows the most rapid growth recently, is examined for what kind of benefits it`s functional characteristics would provide for film marketing. Twitter, which has distinctive characteristics such as free access, the high level of attention resulting from its simplicity, alarming speed of spreading information and low costs, offers a variety of marketing opportunities not only for general commercial films but for low budget or independent films that do not have sufficient marketing opportunity. In the case of the documentary film
(2010, Woo-jung Kwon), starting from the process of the film production through release to the time after the screening, it continued to communicate with potential audiences via Twitter and tried every tool of film marketing like advertising, PR, promotion and word of mouth. By doing so, it provides a model for low budget or independent films about what alternative activities they might be able to conduct for film marketing.
An Analysis of Social Media Discourse on the Agent in the Press
Kim, Hyung-Gon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 242~251
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.242
Social media in the press is often described as a future oriented and pioneering image. These press reports have played an important role in the proliferation of social media. This paper investigates social implications of social media discourse through the analysis of the press`s reports. As a result, social media in the press was described as wave of an irresistible social changes. Corporations, governments, politicians and even the general public were reported to have shown a positive attitude towards using social media. It means that people accept disciplinaire needed for the time for progress toward a new future.
Analysis of CT, MRI, DITI for the Diagnosis of Abdominal Obesity and Clinical Usefulness
Yeo, Jin-Dong ; Jeon, Byeong-Kyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 252~259
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.252
This study was to find out the correlation between abdominal surface temperature and abdominal fat areas. CT and MRI methods have been used to assess abdominal fat area. Abdominal surface temperature according to abdominal fat area was also measured by DITI. 20 college students were selected as the subjects for the study. The results, showed that there were statistically different significance in abdominal fats measured by CT and MRI according to weight groups. Abdominal surface temperature gap were measured by DITI and there was a statistically significant difference in only T12 region. temperature gaps between weight groups were over
. In conclusion, CT method is the most accurate method to measure abdominal fat. However, weak points are radiation exposure and high cost for study. The correlation between abdominal surface temperature and abdominal fat areas were strong. Therefore, DITI may be considered as useful convenient method to evaluate the abdominal obesity and clinical usefulness.
Nursing Students` Awareness of Human Rights and Influencing Factors
Hong, Sun-Woo ; Kim, Ji-Soo ; Hyun, Hye-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 260~269
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.260
This study was done to identify awareness of human rights in nursing students, and to evaluate the factors affecting human rights for nursing students. A cross-sectional design was used, with a convenience sample of 440 nursing students from two university in Incheon and Kangwon province. The score for right consciousness was much higher than duty consciousness inherent in human rights. The predicting factor for human rights was mother`s rearing attitude in terms of autonomy and this factor explained 7.6% of human rights for nursing students. There was a significant difference on human rights for nursing students according to age and awareness of human rights were related to perceived parents` rearing attitude, self-esteem, psychological home environment.
Characteristic of Cross-sectional Area of Lumbar Paraspinal Muscle in Patients of Acute and Chronic LBP
Kim, Dae-Hun ; Park, Jin-Kyu ; Park, Yun-Jin ; Jung, Dae-In ; Kim, Seong-Su ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 270~278
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.270
The purpose of this study was to compare acute and chronic LBP patient in twenties and forties, respectively by size measure paraspinal muscle (cross-sectional area; CSA). CSA of paraspinal muscle (psoas, multifidus, erector muscle) size was measured by free-handling technique of the picture archiving and communication system(PACS) using MRI at the level(lower end-plate of L4) in twenties(9 males, 10 females) and forties(9 males, 8 females) in acute and chronic LBP patient. The results of this study showed no significantly difference between acute and chronic LBP (p>0.05) in twenties patients. However, there was significant difference between acute and chronic LBP (p<0.05) in forties patients. Also, there was significant difference in paraspinal muscle CSA between chronic LBP patients in twenties and chronic LBP patients in forties (p<0.05). This study showed that paraspinal muscle atrophy was observed in forties with various cause, but Not chronic LBP patients in twenties. Accordingly it is required for chronic LBP patients in forties to minimize trunk muscle atrophy through immediate back muscle dynamic exercise and early functional activity.
Development of a Scenario and Evaluation for SimBaby Simulation Learning of Care for Children with Fever in Emergency Units
Kim, Hae-Ran ; Choi, Eun-Ju ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 279~288
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.279
Nursing college students` continuous clinical experiences play an important part in the development of their nursing competency. In reality, it is difficult all of students to have enough clinical experiences. We can think of simulation learning as a solution to this problem. This research attempted to develop learning contents of simulation scenario regarding pediatric nursing. We organized the contents focusing on nursing process. The application of simulation scenario showed that the educational effect. In conclusion, this research suggests that nursing college students can supply high-quality nursing services to children and their families by developing and application of simulation scenario with various cases.
Effects of Music Therapy on the Anxiety of Patients who Take the Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI) Test
Jeon, Byeong-Kyu ; Yeo, Jin-Dong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 289~301
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.289
This study is a research based on the non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design whose purpose is to examine the effects of music therapy on the anxiety of patients who take the magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) test and their feeling of discomfort during the test. "The first hypothesis that the experimental group who receive music therapy will be lower in score for anxiety during the MRI test than the control group who do not was supported because after the therapy, the experimental group was found significantly decreased in that score in comparison to the control group. "The second hypothesis that the experimental group who receive music therapy will be fewer in vital signs after the MRI test than the control group who do not" was rejected in terms of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. But the same hypothesis was partially supported because the two groups showed a significant difference in pulse rate after the test. "The third hypothesis that the experimental group who receive music therapy will be less in the feeling of subjective discomfort during the MRI test than the control group who do not" was verified to find that the two groups were significantly different from each other in the feeling. Specifically, there was a significant difference between the two groups in only one sub-area of that feeling, that is, tension. These findings suggest that music therapy could be an alternative method which can effectively reduce the state anxiety of patients during the magnetic resonace imaging(MRI) test.
Efficiency Analysis of Construction Firms Using a Combined AHP and DEA Model
Seo, Kwang-Kyu ; Choi, Da-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 302~310
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.302
Recently, many construction firms fall on hard times because construction business continues to stagnate. In this paper, we analyze the efficiency of the listed construction firms using a combined AHP and DEA model. In order to determine the input and output factors of DEA, the AHP model is applied to evaluate the importance of input and output factors. The benchmarking companies and efficiency value for the construction firms with inefficiency are also provided to improve the their efficiency. We analyzed the 57 listed companies consisted of 36 listed on KOSPI and 21 listed on KOSDAQ at the end of 2009. The analysis results show that eleven companies whose values of CCR are 1, and fourteen enterprises whose values of BCC efficiency are 1. In additions, the eleven firms have the scalability efficiency. Finally, we test the correlation between efficiency and the stock price and the correlation coefficient of efficiency group is 0.7 in the CCR model.
Police Diversion Program Active Plan For Juvenile Delinquency Repeat Prevention
Park, Eun-Min ; Choi, Jin-A ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 311~325
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.311
The juvenile delinquency starts from trivial misconduct and reoccurs with the second offense. It is necessary the active plan to reduce the juvenile delinquency. The most important thing in processing the case of law breaking juveniles is to focus on the guidance process rather than punishment process in order encourage them to come back to society as normal members. In this process, I propose the specialist activation, the appropriate confrontation for the first criminals, the necessity for parents education, the mentor`s activation, the program development to reduce the juvenile delinquency`s second offense rate.
Effects of Mentoring Function on Career Development and Organizational Effectiveness in Private Security Service Organization
Yoo, Young-Chang ; Kim, Hyo-Joon ; Kim, Chan-Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 326~336
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.326
The Purpose of this study was to examine effects of mentoring function on career development and organizational effectiveness in private security service organization. Example number used on interpretation finally using purposive sampling method after this study establishes 5 places private security service company`s security guard by population in Seoul on March, 2010 is total 227 people. Reliability of questionnaire appeared Cronbach`s
value more than .667. Conclusions that appears in this study is as following. First, private security service organization`s Mentoring function affects in career development. That is, if friendship, patronage, career management, society mind, and role model are mobilized, innovative own development, special capacity development, and information competitive power development are helped. Second, private security service organization`s Mentoring function affects in organization effectiveness. If friendship, patronage, career management, society mind, and role model are mobilized, career satisfaction, organization immersion, and job satisfaction increase. On the other hand, change of jobs intention decreases if function of society mind is mobilized. Third, private security service organization`s career development affects in organization effectiveness. If reform and special capacity development are helped, career satisfaction, organization immersion, and job satisfaction increase. While change of jobs intention decreases as development of information competition is helped. Fourth, Mentoring function exerts influence of causality on career development and organization effectiveness. That is, Mentoring exerts direct influence on organization effectiveness, but it exerts indirect effect through career development.
Analysis on Leisure ViewPoint of Immigrant Female of Multi-Cultural Families
Yun, Min-Sook ; Lee, Jeng-Heun ; Kim, Jeong-Ryeon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 337~349
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.337
The purpose of this research is to elucidate the analysis on leisure viewpoint of immigrant female of multi-cultural families. This survey research have been performed with 140 of immigrant females who participate to the program of multi-cultural families support center located in Kyungki-do, Taejeon city, Chungnam-do and Chungbuk-do in 2010 by purposive sampling method. The final analysis was obtained from the survey results of total 89 immigrant females and the credibility of this survey represented Cronbach`s
value above .613. The apparent results were the follows: First, the major leisure time of immigrant females of multi-cultural families on week days as well as weekend represented to be 1~2 hours. Second, the satisfaction on leisure activity of immigrant females was average level. Third, the best preference as leisure activity was travel. Fourth, their husbands were the favor partner for leisure activity of immigrant females. Fifth, the restriction on leisure activity of immigrant females showed some differences based on age, academic background, nationality and residence period. That is, personal restriction of age was below 25 years old, the highest personal and relative restriction of academic background represented in immigrant females below middle school graduator. Furthemore, the structural restriction and personal restriction on nationality showed the highest in the china and phillippine females, relatively. Personal restriction on residence period was mainly represented in immigrant females residing during 2.1~4 years.
Derivation of HRD Policy Direction in the Field of Green Technology Using AHP Methodology
Lee, Jung-Mann ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 350~359
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.350
The purpose of this study is to derive HRD programs for the government`s priorities and HRD policy direction in the field of green technology to create green jobs. AHP methodology was employed by looking into "green job creation and HRD programs" announced by government. The empirical results showed that the most important one among 37 HRD programs was green education and research capacity building in engineering college and graduate school. And fostering green social enterprise, green education and research through university-research collaboration, green workers transition training, strategic partnership for green job are presented in order in terms of the importance. It suggested green creativity(0.384), green Industry growth (0.277), s정ustainable development (0.125), green technology spill-over effect (0.089), a global collaboration (0.084 ), and green cultural diffusion (0.042) as a green technology and HRD policy direction.
An Analysis on the Effect of the University in Area Development
Park, Jong-Gwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 360~371
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.360
This study dealt with the effect of the university in area development to Cheonan city. This study ran parallel literature investigation and actual proof investigation. Questionnaires 394 enforce frequency analysis in SPSS 15.0 versions. University positive effect on local community is smooth supply of human capital in local community, increase of regional income, improvement of area image by expanded education opportunities, supply of various university facilities in local communities etc. Contradictory effect is expansion of gap for areas that young persons in local community taken to education of good quality leave other local community, occurrence of conflict by collision of new culture and culture of area characteristic. Role of university for area development is role of help consultation, symbolic role, educational role etc. But the weighed role is leading role which university leads area development. Finally, the prompting methods of university for local community development .must accomplish interchange of operational mode with high quality human resources activating removal of manpower between arithmetic.
Factors Affecting Continuous Customer Acceptance of Internet Banking
Chae, Young-Il ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 372~384
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.372
The purpose of this study is empirically analyzing the effects of external factors(user knowledge, service characteristics, security), perceived risk, trust, ease of use, and usefulness on continuous customer acceptance in Internet banking. To achieve the goal, we develop the extended Technology Acceptance Model(Ex-TAM) based in the theoretical backgrounds of the Technology Acceptance Model(TAM). To test the new model(Ex-TAM), path analysis is performed by AMOS 4.0 package as a statistical tool. The finding indicate that 4 factors(service characteristics, ease of use, usefulness, trust) are significant. However, 2 factors(security, perceived risk) are not significant, user knowledge is partly significant.
Empirical Analysis on the Effect of Design Pattern of Web Page, Perceived Risk and Media Richness to Customer Satisfaction
Park, Bong-Won ; Lee, Jung-Mann ; Lee, Jong-Won ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 385~396
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.385
Internet web pages can be classified by three major types such as texts only, images with texts and videos with texts. The purpose of this paper is to analyze how customers recognize and respond perspective of perceived risk and media richness with regard to design patterns of internet web pages. Additionally, we will examine the extent to which aforementioned factors affect customer satisfaction. Analyses with perceived risks revealed that customers feel less personal risks including performance, psychology and time/convenience when used web pages of text-images and text-videos, compared to text only based web pages. However, customers feel that web pages consisting of image-text or video-text have higher points in terms of symbolism and social presence in media richness, compared to text only based web pages. Finally, we showed that personal risk and text-based Web page negatively affect but symbolism and social presence positively impact on customer satisfaction. Therefore, this study suggests a clue that why video-based Web content did not grow different from many people`s expectation.
Management Efficiency of Korea Financial Investment Institutions
Hwang, Jong-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 397~406
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.397
This paper analyzes the efficiency of Korean Financial Investment Institution using DEA model. We evaluate the CCR, BCC efficiency and RTS of 30 Financial Investment Institution. We also suggest the Financial Investment Institution which can be benchmarked based on analyzed information. The result shows that 3 Institution whose values of CCR efficiency are 1, and 7 Institution whose values of BCC efficiency are 1. RTS indicates IRS of 21 Investments, DRS of 6 Investments and CRS of 3 Investments.
Effect of Organizational Politics and Social Network on Knowledge Transfer
Lee, Jong-Won ; Moon, Yun-Ji ; Lee, Hyun-Jung ; Kang, So-Ra ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 407~419
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.407
This study explains the knowledge transfer process by exploring the significant factors affecting knowledge transfer within an organization from a socio-political perspective. Knowledge transfer occurs in various social contexts, within individuals and groups, and, thus, is closely linked to inter-organizational politics and social network in an organization. By conceptualizing knowledge as a socio-political process, this paper applies organizational politic theory and social network theory to knowledge management area. Here the paper shows that both organizational politics and social network such as in-group and out-group`s tie strength have a significant effect on knowledge transfer. In addition, the study empirically verifies that knowledge management system has a moderating effect on the in-group`s tie strength and knowledge transfer.
Unconstitutionality of Call to Arms for Police Action
Cho, Sung-Je ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 419~427
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.419
As for the anti-terrorism bills, which were submitted to the National Assembly, the mobilization of anti-terrorism commando, which was designated or established by the National Defense Minister, is mobilized the military troops without being based on marital law in light of the constitutional law, thereby possibly violating the constitution, first of all, with regards to mobilization of anti-terrorism commando, which was formed with military troops. The anti-terrorism commando is the military force, which was trained professionally for the anti-terrorism activity. Thus, the violation of human rights may be greatly reduced rather than what general soldiers are putted in the public-order activity such as anti-terrorism. However, it is thought to be desirable to make it possible for the input of special forces, which were trained professionally in relation to anti-terrorism activity, through constitutionally revising the constitutional law. As for the provision of `support for military troops` in the anti-terrorism bill, what is a case that the nation`s important facilities and multi-use facilities are difficult to be protected from terror with the anti-terrorism commando and police force needs to be constitutionally regarded as resulting in reaching the level enough to correspond to `a state of national emergency equivalent to wartime incident.` Thus, enacting the future anti-terrorism law, it is thought to be unnecessary for having the provision of `support for military troops` with receiving criticism obstinately for possibly violating the constitution.
Effect of Academic Motivation on the Learning Flow with Training for Caregivers
Roh, Hyo-Lyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 428~437
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.428
This study examines how caregivers` academic motivation to participate in training affects their learning flow with their training. This study surveyed 230 trainees at a caregiver training agency in City B. A survey was conducted, and questionnaire was conceived to obtain the measure of two latent variables: learning flow, motivation to learning. Descriptive statistics, factor analysis, correlation analysis and regression analysis were used. Intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation had positive effects on learning flow. However Intrinsic motivation had high level of correlation than extrinsic motivation on learning flow. Therefore, learning flow had not alone intrinsic motivation but also partial correlation with extrinsic motivation. The multidirectional study is require the caregivers` training for development, caregivers` training and Management.
Contingent Valuation of Fostering Storytelling for Culture and Tourism Industry
Lee, Min-Jae ; Kim, Ju-Yeon ; Kim, Chul-Min ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 438~448
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.438
The purpose of this paper is to enrich storytelling contents for culture and tourism industry and provide the implication for carrying out governmental policy by estimating economic value of storytelling using a Contingent Valuation Method. The empirical result shows that the economic value of storytelling development in culture and tourism industry is annually estimated 16,000 won per person, resulting from logit model and WTP mean method. The willingness-to-pay, degree of support and perception of the policy and culture contents expenditure have meaningful effects on probability of supporting and participating in execution of the policy. The findings imply that the economic value of storytelling development highly increases as the interest and expenditure of culture contents increase. Futhermore, informing storytelling related policy and business to the people will increase economic value of fostering storytelling-based culture and tourism.
Establishing the Culture-art City based on Citizenship to their Community -Case fo Yeosu World Expo in 2012-
Lee, Jun-Yup ; Choi, Kwang-Hwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 449~458
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.449
The purpose of this study is to analyze the attitudes and perception of Yeosu citizen towards cultural arts and city policy of Yeosu for establishing the culture city. The results of the study shows that first, the citizens of Yeosu is dissatisfied with the local culture and arts. It is necessary to provide a variety of cultural arts space, and the facility for the citizen. Second, the citizens are dissatisfied with their culture and arts policy and administration. For successful promotion of urban cultural art as well as the for successful hosting of the 2012 Yeosu World Expo, the policy to participate of local people in the culture and arts administration should proceed. Third, as the policy of culture and arts city of Yeosu, the established facilities for the World Expo 2012 should be transformed and be leased out for small-scale of local arts and cultural events. Finally, the study shows that opportunities for artistic creation and cultural activities should be available to local artists and the opportunity to participate for the arts is necessary to expand for Yeosu citizens.
Effect of Deluxe Hotels Wedding Web-Site Quality on Web-Site Satisfaction, Trust and Purchase Intention; Deluxe Hotels in Seoul
Song, Young-Seok ; Kim, Yeon-Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 459~471
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.459
This study attempts to identify the effects of the perceived quality of the web-site of Deluxe Hotels Wedding on the satisfaction of web-site, trust of web-site, and purchasing intention of wedding products. For data analyses, a total of 300 questionnaire were distributed to those who had experience of web searching for Deluxe Hotels Wedding. Among them, 244 survey data were used for analyses. This study obtained following results. First, it found that information quality and service quality of web-site had the positive effects on the satisfaction and trust of web-site. Second, the service quality of web-site had the positive effect on purchasing intention of wedding products while information quality had no influences on it. Third, the satisfaction of web-site had the positive effect on trust of web-site and purchasing intention of wedding products. Fourth, trust of web-site had the positive effect on purchasing intention of wedding products. Therefore, Deluxe Hotels, Should be prepared the Various Strategy for the web-site Visit Guest.
A Comparative Study of Oversea Honeymoon Destination Image
Park, No-Hyun ; Yoon, Yoo-Shik ; Yang, Jong-Im ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 472~485
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.472
The purpose of this study is to look through consumer perception and image positioning, present the thoughts over the competitive strength and make better the efficiency of long-term communication strategy. It is analyzed that consumers realized differentiated value choice on seasonal destination for honeymoon. MDS is applied to provide the marketers with the framework to develop marketing strategy for destination positioned in the mind of consumer and make products efficient to create and keep the desirable position. The data was collected from the honeymooner who have planned to travel or have experienced traveled 7 different types of honeymoon destinations(Guam/Saipan, Australia/New Zealand, China, Japan, Hawaii, Thailand and Europe). It is hoped that these results will be useful for tourism and organizer to develop marketing strategy for products.
New Concept of Average River Bed and General Trend of River Bed Change in the Nakdong River
Yu, Kwon-Kyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 486~494
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.486
River bed change due to various factors in watershed and/or river environment would one of the most important issues in river management. To judge whether the river bed was aggrading or degrading, normally we use the change in thalweg or average bed, calculated using the design flood of the river. The present study is to figure out the problems of the existing methods and to propose a new concept of average river bed using annual maximum flood. To evaluate the new method, it was applied to the Nakdong River. We use the river bed data surveyed in 1983, 1993, and 2005. The results showed that there were no significant river bed change during 1983 and 1993, while the river bed was degraded significantly during 1993 and 2005. In the latter period, the river had severe degradations, 2~3 m in average sense and 5 m for the maximum in the middle reach(120~200 km from river mouth), and 1~2 m in average in the upper reach(200~240 km from river mouth). For the upstream reach of the confluence of the Naesung River(about 240 km from river mouth), most of the river bed change seemed to be only local phenomena. The main cause of the river bed change in the Nakdong River seems to be massive gravel mining in the middle reach of the river.
Research on the Participation Types and Strategies for Facilitating Learning based on the Analyses of Social Media Contents
Lim, Keol ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 495~509
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.495
According to the rapid technological development such as ubiquitous environments, there has been growing interest in learning with social media as known as social learning. This study was conducted to analyze various participation types of social media contents aiming to explore strategies for facilitating learning. Specifically, the research model was established by two aspects in using social media contents. First was classified by writings and readings in contents, which consists of prosumers, producers, consumers, and non-participants. Second criterion was categorized by instruction-related and instruction-nonrelated, which is learning contents, learning management, emotional expression, and social activities. In order to acquire empirical data, a set of fourteen undergraduate students participated in this research for eight weeks using a microblog. Based on the analyses on the data through learning activities, three learning strategies were suggested to facilitate social media based learning: analysis on learners, role of the instructor, and instructional model design.
Current Condition and Perspectives of Directors and Teachers toward Early English Education for Infants -Focusing on Busan Area-
Bae, Mi-Sook ; Seo, Hyun-Ah ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 6, 2011, Pages 510~521
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.6.510
The purpose of this study was to identify the differences of perspectives toward English education for infants between directors and teachers, and to find out perspectives of directors and teachers toward English education for infants. Research questions were developed as follows. 1. What was the current condition of English education for infants? 2. What were the differences of perspectives toward English education for infants between directors and teachers? The subjects of this study were 108 directors and 241 teachers of day care centers in Busan. The questionnaire consisted of three categories of general background, general perspectives, and conditions of English education in the classroom in charge. The results of this study were as follows: First, it was appeared that more than half of day care centers provided English education for infants, and infants of 24~36 months were mainly taught English for less than 30 minutes once or twice a week based on director`s policy. English teachers were mostly Korean majored in English, and songs, finger plays, storytelling, games, repeating sentences based on picture card, picture books, and story books were mostly used teaching methods. Second, both directors and teachers thought that goal of English education for infants was motivation and interests in English, contents of English education were songs and finger plays, and Korean English teachers were appropriate for infants.