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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 12 - Dec 2011
Volume 11, Issue 11 - Nov 2011
Volume 11, Issue 10 - Oct 2011
Volume 11, Issue 9 - Sep 2011
Volume 11, Issue 8 - Aug 2011
Volume 11, Issue 7 - Jul 2011
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Jun 2011
Volume 11, Issue 5 - May 2011
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Apr 2011
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Mar 2011
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Feb 2011
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jan 2011
Selecting the target year
Real Time Textile Animation Using Fuzzy Inference
Hwang, Seon-Min ; Song, Bok-Hee ; Yun, Han-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.001
A fuzzy inference technique for real-time textile animation without integration at textile model based Mass-Spring model is introduced. Until now many techniques have used the Mass-Spring model to describe elastically deformable objects like textile. A textile object is able to represent as a deformable surface composed of spring and masses, the movement of textile surface which is analysed through the numerical integration by the fundamental law of dynamics such as Hooke`s law. However, the integration methods have `instability problems` if the explicit Euler`s method is applied or `large amounts of calculation` if the implicit Euler`s method is applied. A simple and fast animation technique for Mass-Spring model of a textile with fuzzy inference is proposed. The stabilized simulation result is obtained the state of each mass-point in real-time for the n of mass-points by a relatively simple calculation.
Development of Web Crawler for Archiving Web Resources
Kim, Kwang-Young ; Lee, Won-Goo ; Lee, Min-Ho ; Yoon, Hwa-Mook ; Shin, Sung-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 9~16
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.009
There are no way of collection, preservation and utilization for web resources after the service is terminated and is gone. However, these Web resources, regardless of the importance of periodically or aperiodically updated or have been destroyed. Therefore, to collect and preserve Web resources Web archive is being emphasized. Web resources collected periodically in order to develop Web archiving crawlers only was required. In this study, from the collection of Web resources to be used for archiving existing web crawlers to analyze the strengths and weaknesses. We have developed web archiving systems for the best collection of web resources.
An Efficient Authentication Method for Secure Access to Wireless Mesh Networks
Heo, Ung ; He, Yu-Shan ; You, Kang-Soo ; Choi, Jae-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 17~25
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.017
The wireless mesh networks are recently getting much attention for commercial applications. In such networks, the service should be uninterrupted when roaming from one domain to another while the authentication for a secure access should be maintained. The challenge is to consider the authentic coordination between the home domain and foreign domains and the maintenance of local authenticity between foreign domains. In this paper, a novel authentication method is presented so that a mobile mesh node can be effectively authenticated and obtain an secure connection in foreign domains. In the proposed method, the authentication process does not rely on an end-to-end connection between the foreign domain and the home domain. Even without a connectivity to the home domain, the foreign domain can provide an effective authentication of a mesh node by consulting one of the neighboring foreign domains that has been visited by the mobile mesh node. In order to verify the performance of our proposed method, a qualitative analysis has been performed and compared to those of conventional methods. The results show that our method is superior to the conventional ones in terms of authentication response time and authentication service robustness.
Electromagnetic Wave in all Base Stations
Cho, Euy-Hyun ; Park, Jeong-Kyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 26~44
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.026
The Study was carreid out to see whether the intensity of electromagnetic waves in each floor of a building where the sharing base station has been established is harmful to a human body, and to expect the intensity of the waves in the building. The investigate was performed on both of sharing base station either with many scatterers or without any of them. To satisfy the international standard and the domestic TTA standard, rms for each of the electromagnetic wave of every floor in the building with the station was measured from 3 location of 3 heights(1.1m,1.5m, and 1.7m). Max of the measured rsm from the each of the frequencies in the nine location was confirmed to be 48.12%(the rooftop measured value) at most, compared to the human body protection standard. The value was confirmed to satisfy the human body protection standard for each frequency. And the total value of the calculated exposure indexes for each frequency was determined to be more than 7 times lower at most, which was 0.1445, compared to the 1 standard. Since P value in both of 868MHz and 2.14GHz electromagnetic waves intensity for each base station and floor was less than 0.05, it was revealed to be meaningful, and since R-Sq(adj) value showed a value more than 50%, the regression equation was determined to fully absorb the data information. However, although the P value of both of 868MHz and 2.14GHz electromagnetic waves intensities under the integrating terms of the base station data and the floor data was showed to be less than 0,05, since R-Sq(adj) value of 868MHz electromagnetic waves intensity presented a value smaller than 50%(34.15%), it was determined that the 868MHz electromagnetic waves intensity is very much influenced by an environment with a base station. Because the electromagnetic waves intensity of 2.14GHz show R-Sq(adj) value bigger then 50%(51.8%), The regression equation model of 2.14GHz electromagnetic waves intensity was confirmed to be proper. It also turned out not to be effected by the surrounding environment near a building with the base station and the intensity of electromagnetic waves for each floor of such building was expectable by the regression equation.
RTiK-Linux: The Design of Real-Time implemented Kernel for Linux
Kim, Joo-Man ; Song, Chang-In ; Lee, Cheol-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 45~53
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.045
According to the necessity of measuring equipments for advanced military systems, real-time characteristics such as time determinism and execution accuracy pursuing low-latencies have become very important. With this reason, the market demand for real-time features in the general purpose operating system such as Linux has been enlarging. To meet these requirements, RTLinux and RTAI has been developed as dual-kernels based on Linux. However, developers should use assembler languages to facilitate real-time in RT-Linux, it is very difficult to deal with it. RTAI has disadvantage that it only provides soft real-time. To solve these problems, RTiK-Linux was developed. In this paper, we propose a new dual-kernel with hard real-time capabilities in Linux, called RTiK-Linux(Real-Time implemented Kernel for Linux). We first introduce related researches and then describe the design methodologies to guarantee the resolution which almost accords with the timer settings. Finally, we present the results of experimental measurements and analyze them in order to validate and evaluate the proposed RTiK-Linux.
Improved MPLS-MOB Scheme for Supporting Local and Global Mobility in NGN
Yu, Myoung-Ju ; Choi, Seong-Gon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 54~62
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.054
This paper proposes both global and local mobility management (MM) scheme improved from Multi Protocol Label Switching (MPLS)-based Mobility Management scheme (MPLS-MOB) for seamless service in Next Generation Network (NGN). The proposed scheme adds local MM on the existing MPLS-MOB which supports global MM by processing handover signaling by 2.5 layer switching via Label Switch Path (LSP) of MPLS. We numerically analyze and verify that the proposed scheme has lower handover latency time than the existing ones, such as micro-MM methods using MPLS as well as MIP and an interworking scenario between PMIP and MIP.
Abstraction Method for Analysis of Mobility and Interaction in Process Algebra Using Behavioral Ontology
Woo, Su-Jeong ; On, Jin-Ho ; Lee, Moon-Kun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 63~75
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.063
A number of process algebras have been proposed to develop distributed mobile real-time systems: pi-Calculus, Mobile Ambients Calculus, Bigraph, etc. However, as the systems get large and complex, the algebras become less suitable for understanding the interactions and mobility of the processes of the systems due to the size and complexity. Therefore it is necessary to handle the size and complexity for systematic understanding of the systems. This paper handles the size and complexity with a method of abstraction on sequences of interactions and movements of processes in the systems, which can be further organized in the form of hierarchically structured lattices, namely, Prism. The theoretical principle of the abstraction is based on a new concept of Behavior Ontology, which is extended from Active ontology. Prism allows the systems to be analyzed in the perspective of the lattices in Prism, which are characterized by the hierarchically organized behavioral properties of the developing systems, for systematic understanding the systems. In this way, the complexity of the interactions and the movements can be handled systematically in the semantically and hierarchically organized structure of the behavior.
A study of the Concept of Analogue-Digital Interaction Trace and its Application in Media Art
Choi, Min-A ; Kwon, Doo-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 76~84
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.076
This paper describes the development of the media art environment concept, in which the user`s interaction becomes visual arts in both digital and analogue media. It describes AD-Trace, an experimental media art component that investigates the aesthetic and technological possibilities through the development of interactive media artworks that utilizes that the traces of the user`s interaction. The AD-Trace consists of three design components: Analogue Trace, Digital Trace, and Interaction Metaphor to guide user interactions with user`s understanding. Three artworks are proposed to demonstrate the real world applications of the concept: AD-PD(analogue digital picture diary), AD-Star (analogue digital star), and AD-Map (analogue digital map).
Improvement of Mobile Web Usability for Mobile Cloud Computing
Lee, Myung-Sun ; Oh, Hyoung-Yong ; Min, Byoung-Won ; Oh, Yong-Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 85~95
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.085
Recently, sudden interests of mobile cloud computing as well as conventional internet environment are rapidly increased as cloud computing spread out in our web society. Mobile devices including smart phone are rapidly changing in a wholesale way that covers hardwares, applications, and services. However, the Internet access using mobile device is not quite smooth in this local mobile internet environment which suffers from lack of understanding and observance of Web Standards. Although most of domestic web sites are developed focusing on various functions and eye-catching designs, this should became one of the main factors that make the usability and accessability decrease when accessing web with smart phones or table PCs. Therefore, this paper suggested a web interface that considered usability and accessability under mobile cloud environment and we tried to prove it via usability test. It could be found that there was an improvement of usability of interface of the main page that has been optimized to the mobile device environment suggested from the previous research we present, but this paper aimed to prove a usability improvement of total website as a whole by performing the usability test on the entire website. Selecting a special website optimized for mobile cloud computing, we prove an improvement of usability and accessibility. Therefore, we offer a guideline about user interface design applications to developers or companies who want to construct mobile website.
PAPS Contents Development for Elementary School Students
Shin, Seung-Hwan ; Lee, Byung-Keun ; Woo, Jae-Hong ; Park, Ik-Ryeul ; Kim, Hyo-Jung ; Jun, Tae-Won ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 96~105
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.096
Korean Students` Physical Fitness Test System, was improved from exercise-related fitness to health-related fitness, it manage the results on the web. This research is one of the practical trial using IT environment for health and fitness improvement, by developing web-based contents. In peer debriefing, 105 contents(health : 6 part 34 contents, exercise : 13 part 71 contents) was designed and realized through analyzing 7th curriculum and 11 domesticinternational contents. The output, have good points, could be used in the class on the web, could be carried out by students in anytime, anywhere. Especially, obese or low fitness children can carry out joyfully. And the contents could be improved on the web. This study is the 1st trial to develop web-based contents, enhancing students` to recognize the importance of health and exercise. If this trial was connected to middle, high school and military, could be contributed in Korean Men`s health management. In the future, application study must be carried-out.
Movie Factors Affecting Satisfaction of 3D Stereoscopic Movie Audiences
Yun, Jae-Sun ; Lim, Chan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 106~117
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.106
The purpose of this study is to examine factors that affect 3D stereoscopic movie audiences` satisfaction in Korea, and to provide strategic solutions to improve audiences` satisfaction. According to study about movie audiences` satisfaction, factors that affect movie audiences` satisfaction are separated to movie internal factors, movie environmental factors and movie audience factors. And leverage of movie internal factors is bigger than either. But 3D stereoscopic movie is different from ordinary movie in shooting, screening, seeing and recognizing method. So it is expected that movie environmental factors and audience factors` influence is bigger than internal factors. So this study carried out a survey targeting 3D stereoscopic audiences. Main result of this study are shown as follows. First, the method to reduce visual fatigue is necessary for satisfaction. Second, it is required that improvement method of seat arrangement to provide high quality 3D stereoscopic contents. Third, level of 3D stereoscopic movies` price need to adjust to valid level.
Comparative Analysis of the Correlation between the Musical Element and the Storyline of the ＜Fantasia＞ and ＜Fantasia 2000＞
Kim, Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 118~128
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.118
The function of music in a motion picture ranges widely from supporting the storyline to being the main storyline delivering the major plots. This trend and can be seen in recently produced films, advertising as well as in music videos. Many attempts were made to express music visually in the past. But it was through Disney`s creative production, "Fantasia", that such attempts became a reality in a motion picture. This paper will look into the difference between the "Fantasia" and "Fantasia 2000" through a comparative analysis of the correlation between the musical element and the storyline of the 2 Disney animation movies. The most distinct difference is that the "Fantasia" has a storyline that is faithful to the original interpretation of the true meaning of the music, while, on the other hand, the "Fantasia 2000" has a storyline that endeavors to express the special features of the overall sound of individual pieces as best as possible. And the differences between the two animations, thus compiled, is hoped to facilitate and enhance a better understanding of the two Disney`s finest animations.
Synthesis of Application on the Product Design for the Shielding of the Electromagnetic wave in the Electrical Appliances
Sung, Nak-Bong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 129~136
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.129
In this paper, the shielding material for the product design of various electrical appliances is suggested by more environmentally materials like as the lacquer and the charcoal. The suggested shielding material has the shielding effectiveness of 97.2%, 98.7%, and 96.3% at 900 MHz, 1.8 GHz, and 2.45 GHz, respectively. In the microwave oven and the cell phone, the metal or metal-coated plastic are used for the shielding of strong electromagnetic wave. However, by using more environmentally materials like as the lacquer and the charcoal, the products can be manufactured more light weighting, more heat-resisting, more abrasion resisting, and more corrosion resisting. Also, the products design can be varied more mellow and more friendly.
Development of Strategy Programming Model for the Culture-Centered Public Design : A Focus on Analyzing the Associated Indices of Place Strategy
Lee, Jeong-Min ; Hong, Eui-Taek ; Lee, Han-Na ; Jung, Bo-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 137~153
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.137
Citizens of 21st century which is called to be the era of `Culture` express their cultural desires in their public environments. Governments found that these needs can be satisfied through the culture-centered public designs which are based on the local resources and identities. This research suggests the strategy programming model to support these projects. It aims at not suggesting the conceptual process model, but developing the practical supporting model with options to choose. Thus the indices which are related to each prototype phases of programming process are analyzed through the case analyses with qualitative approach. This paper focused on analyzing the indices for Place Strategy which includes the phases for Resource, Mission, and Targeting. Altogether, 81 indices are analyzed.
Comparative Assessment of Usability of Web-storming System between Administrator and Designer Groups in Space Design Process
Choi, Gil-Dong ; Kim, Kwang-Myung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 154~165
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.154
Considering the online idea generation, or web-storming, system would be used differently by space designers depending on their job characteristics, the present study tested the usability of web-storming using a factor correlation table with a designer group in the field. Then, for analyses, the results were compared with the previous findings on the usability of web-storming in a design administrator group to suggest comprehensive measures applicable to web-storming. The questionnaire results were analysed following a process of observation-interpretation-application, and the space design process and web-storming function factors were also analysed based on a factor correlation table. The analyses found that the most correlated space design process in both administrator and designer groups was the schematic design phase, and that the correlation started to lower upon division of labour. The assessment phase was found significantly different between the designer group and the administrator group. The assessment phase showed the second highest correlation in the designer group. In terms of the aspects related to project operation, the correlation was found higher in the designer group. Based on the findings, new applicable measures to each phase of web-storming were derived and summed up to suggest how to take advantage of web-storming in the field.
Study of Korean Wave`s The Origin and the Usage
Jang, Gyu-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 166~173
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.166
Asia has shown a tendency that a certain country`s culture leads the fashion in turn every 10 years. The trend of Hong Kong movies in 1980`s was called `Hong Kong Wave`, the trend of Japanese animation and games in 1990`s was called `Japanese Wave`, and then the `Korean Wave` began in the late 1990`s. This term `~Wave(流)` is a Japanese-style term meaning `~way`, `~style`, `~group`, and so on. In the same manner, recent popularity of Taiwanese TV dramas and a particular star that is in fashion in Japan are called `Taiwanese Wave`, and Chinese movies, broadcast, tourism, and etc. are called `Chinese Wave`. Thus, the term `Korean Wave` is a part of expression `~wave` used in Japan and it started to be used in the mean time, and was officially used in <韓流-Song from Korea>, a promotion record of Korean pop music, produced by Ministry of Culture and Tourism in Korea. In this paper I propose to correct the error of the term `Korean Wave`, and furthermore, to define a term expressing Korean culture and study for its usage.
Global Status of Korea`s Media Firms and Their Future Strategies
Kim, Dae-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 174~186
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.174
This research addresses global status of Korean media firms and their future directions. Mapping of major international media firms all over the world is used in order to explain global status fully. In the four categories that classified media firms using Forbes Global 2000 mapping, all Korean media firms are included in the fourth group, which is the weakest in terms of global competitiveness. Therefore, it is essential to trace appropriate global strategy from the media industry value chain that has competence. This paper finds out that Korea has advantage in the contents, terminal, and next generation networks. That means alliance strategies of contents-terminal-next generation network have advantage to evolve into global media firms. Moreover, Korean media companies should adopt selection and concentration strategy in terms of geographical expansion. As Korea`s broadcasting and game contents are already popular in Asian and Latin American regions, they would better to enter the emerging markets. In so doing, terrestrial broadcasters and game service providers should lead the way.
A study on the Influence of Acculturation and Organizational Fairness on the Organizational Commitment of Foreign Labore
Kim, Dong-Hoe ; Ha, Gyu-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 187~201
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.187
A need for considering effective human resources management, in addition to the social aspect of foreign workers, has been rising as the number of foreign workers increased. This study was designed to figure out effective ways to manage foreign workers. By examining an effect of acculturation and organizational fairness on the organizational commitment of foreign laborers and moderating effects of social support, this study aims to improve their commitment, sense of belonging, and loyalty to the company. The results are as follows. Acculturation and organizational fairness has a positive effect on organizational commitment. To be specific, distribution impartiality has the strongest influence on normative commitment, and interactional justice has an effect on emotional commitment and continuous commitment the most, and a partial effect on the moderating effects of social support. Therefore, to improve productivity of foreign laborers, organizational commitment of foreign workers should be reinforced and to achieve this, acculturation and organizational fairness need to be enhanced, and there should be measures to strengthen social support for them.
Effect of Social Media Use Motivation on Satisfaction and Revisit Intention : Focused on Rural Tourism Visitors
Mun, Young-Ju ; Jung, Chul-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 202~211
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.202
This study was to explore the effect of rural tourism social media use motivation on satisfaction and revisit intention. In order to carry out the empirical study 397 survey questionnaires were collected in rural tourism social media users, PASW18 and Lisrel 8.54 statistics package were utilized for analysis of SEM The study result were as follows: first, social media use motivation had a positive influence upon satisfaction. second, social media use satisfaction had a positive influence upon revisit intention. The study suggested that need to gather extensive opinions from visitors to created and manage rural tourism village in a rational manner, and intensive research effects should be directed into the vitalizations of rural tourism villages.
The Impact of Interaction Factors of Digital Contents on Flow and Use Intention
Kim, Chang-Su ; Lee, Sung-Ho ; Oh, Eun-Hae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 212~224
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.212
Users in the Web 2.0 era, which is based on the convergence of wired and wireless technologies, tend to have a high regard for digital contents interactions, as compared to the technology experienced at the analog era. To boost the digital contents business, it is necessary to focus on the digital contents(DC) interactions based on user-centered thinking to satisfy user preferences. According to previous studies, this study classified DC interactions into three types: interaction between users, interactions between contents and users, and interactions between system and users. This study empirically verifies that DC interactions factors affect flow as well as DC flow influences the DC use intention.
The Relationships of Ego-Identity, Social support and Mental health of Adolescents
Koo, Seung-Shin ; Jung, Ok-Hee ; Jang, Sung-Hwa ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 225~237
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.225
The purpose of this study was to analyze the Relationshipss of Ego-Identity, Social support and Mental health of Adolescents. The subjects for this study were 347 adolescents composed of 169 middle school students, 347 high school students in Kyung-gi Do. The data was conducted by using a correlations coefficient and the multiple regression analysis. The results of the study were as follows: First correlations among measured subordinate variables of Ego-Identity, Social support on subordinate variables of Mental health of Adolescents were significant. except compulsiveness and support of friend, hostility, phobia and support of teacher, somatization and confidence of one`s future, intimacy, support of teacher, support of friend, depression, psychosis and confidence of one`s future. Second, the result of the multiple regression analysis, the significant variables affected mental health are ranked in the order of self-acceptance, aim for goal, support of parents, intimacy, independence. while confidence of one`s future, leading, support of teacher, support of friend are not significant. The result of this study shows that adolescents of high level of self-acceptance, aim for goal, intimacy, independence and perceived highly support of teacher are high level of mental health.
Analysis on the Efficiency of Social Welfare Facility in Local Governments
Ko, Dong-Won ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 238~245
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.238
For introduction of local autonomy system, local government enabled efficient supply of public service by local resident`s request. Specially, local governments is doing effort of that organize various policy and a lot of budgets for social welfare promotion, but is interested relatively little in efficient use of social welfare finance and operation. According to these problem, this study measured efficiency of social welfare facility in local governments. The purpose of this analysis is to measure the efficiency of community welfare in local governments by data envelopment analysis(DEA), using data from 16 local governments in Korea. Input variance is GDP per capita in local, rate of welfare budget, rate of financial independence and local public official per 10,000 capita. Output variance is social welfare facility per 100,000 capita and park area per 1,000 capita, The results of the study are summarized as follows : First, There was differential in efficiency about social welfare facilities operation in local governments. 7 local governments(Busan, etc.) was an in efficiency. Second, some local governments(Incheon, etc.) must increase scale of input variance, and some local governments(Busan, etc.) must improve efficiency of input variance.
Policy for Water Cycle of Agricultural Reservoirs Considering Downstream - Focused on HRT of Agricultural Reservoir in Chungcheongnam-do and Daejeon Metropolitan City -
Yi, Sang-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 246~253
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.246
Several problems occurred due to the use of the wrong water cycle system in the watershed. This was caused by a dry stream in the lower parts of the tributaries and the deterioration in value of usage by water pollution in accordance with water storage. This was maintained for a long period of time in the reservoir which secured the agricultural water. As a result of the operational status in the agricultural reservoirs focused on Chungcheongnam-do and Daejeon metropolitan city, a dry stream appeared because hydraulic retention time(HRT) in the majority of reservoirs was maintained for 8 months of the year. The water quality in the agricultural reservoir was fairly related to the water cycle system due to rainfall and input of pollutants from the population and livestock in the watershed. Consequently, the storage water volume and the time period of the water in the reservoir should be controlled by the reduction of the pollution load in the water and the prevention of a dry stream. Also, the water cycle system in the watershed should be improved by maintaining a short HRT of the reservoir.
Core Competency of Content Intermediary and Improvement in Content Distribution Channel: Focused on Broadcasting Content Download Market
Kim, Yoo-Jung ; Kim, Kwan-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 254~266
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.254
Wired and mobile Internet has led to increase in online broadcasting content market size. In particular, the fast-growing smart devices like smart phone and tablet PC in mobile Internet market has accelerated the growth of online broadcasting content service market. Meanwhile, the illegal distribution of online broadcasting content has been widespread in this market. There are also significant transaction costs, search costs, contracting and coordination costs in online broadcasting content market. MCP(Master content provider) which is a content distributor has been playing a critical role in preventing illegal content distribution, reducing costs and removing inefficiencies of online broadcasting content market. Thus, the purpose of this study is to investigate the competency of MCP to streamline the online broadcasting contents market from the resource- based view. And this study conducted a case study to explain the status of online broadcasting content market and define what kinds of problems and issues are there in the market in a systematic way. The case study also showed how MCP competency plays an important role in reducing administrative and transaction costs and in solving illegal content distribution and other inefficiencies of the online broadcasting contents market.
The Relationship Among Store Image, Customers` Emotional Responses and Behavior Intention
Xiong, Jian-Yong ; Kim, Won-Kyum ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 267~274
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.267
The purposes of the study is builded upon previous researches to set up research model and investigate the relationship among store image, customers` emotional responses and behavior intention. For achieving study purposes, research model and hypotheses were set up after reviewing previous researches. The data were collected from a sample of 296 customers of department store, then used to conducted an empirical analysis. The results showed the significant relationship were partially found among store image, emotional responses and behavior intention. Objective store image influence positive emotions, indirectly influence behavior intention through positive emotions, but objective store image don`t influence negative emotions. Subjective store image influence shoppers` positive emotions and negative emotions, and indirectly influence shoppers` behavior intention through positive emotions and negative emotions. This study has provided a variety of theoretical and practical implications for retailers to set up marketing strategies.
The Structural Relationships of The Promotion Mix, Brand Equity and Purchase Intention -Focused on the Automobile Products-
Cho, Joong-Il ; Ha, Kyu-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 275~292
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.275
In this research, we executed a questionnaire survey targeting men and women in 20` or more who reside in the metropolitan area and have experienced purchasing the vehicles in order to study how Promotion Mix Activity affects Brand equity, and ultimately what kind of relation it has with Purchase intention. In the statistical process of collected data, we analyzed the data by using SPSS 12.0 for Windows statistical package and AMOS 7.0 program. As the result of analysis, first, when we analyzed the relation of the Promotion Mix Activity and Brand Equity of the companies, the more affirmative the assessment on the advertising activities of the companies was, the higher the brand popularity, royalty and image increased, And it appeared that as the assessment on PR activities of the companies got more affirmative, the brand popularity, image and royalty increased. Second, as the result of the analysis of the relation between salespersons` Promotion Activities and Brand assets, it appeared that salespersons` social capacity improved Brand awareness and royalty and their strategic capacity improved Brand awareness, royalty and image. Third, seeing the result of the analysis on the relation between Brand equity and Purchase intention, it was shown that Brand popularity had a meaningful positive(+) effect upon satisfaction and repurchase(oral) intention, and Brand royalty had a meaningful positive(+) effect upon satisfaction and repurchase(oral) intention. In addition, it appeared that Brand image had a meaningful positive(+) effect upon satisfaction and repurchase(oral) intention, and finally it could be known that Brand assets had a close correlation with Purchase intention.
Factors Influencing the Purchase Intention of Mobile Phones
Lee, Seung-Min ; Jung, Hoe-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 293~301
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.293
This study intends to deduce various purchase intention influential factor for mobile phone and thereby to clarify the causal relationship between these factors and purchase intention. As a result of the analysis of this study, we could know that first, when the impact about brand attitude on consumers is bigger, a positive affect is induced and the effects about personalization interface were also positive. Second, we could know that when the innovative tendency of consumers is stronger, they experience positive affects and the impact on personalization interface was also effective. However, it was clarified that when the innovative tendency is stronger, the impact on price gets smaller. Third, when the imitation tendency of consumers was higher, positive affects were induced, and when the interest in personalization interface of consumers was higher, positive affects were induced and the interest in price also gets higher. Fourth, we could check the influence of affect in the purchase intention of mobile phones.
Impact of the Intermediate of Empowerment on the Relationship between Servant Leadership and Organizational Citizenship Behavior
Hwan, Han-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 302~314
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.302
In today`s fast changing management environment, new role of leaders is being emphasized for survival of companies, and organizational achievement must be maximized by using servant leadership strategically. Data were collected from the sample of 435 employee employed service. All analysis were conducted using LISREL 8.30. The research studies how servant leadership influences organizational citizenship behavior through psychological empowerment. The result is as follows. First, it is found that, among the servant leadership`s behavior characters, except for empathy and ethics, growth, vision and community building are found to be variables that increase psychological empowerment. Secondly, it is fund that psychological empowerment of organization`s members has positive correlation on organizational citizenship behavior. Thirdly, it is found that among the servant leadership`s behavior characters, except for empathy and ethics, growth, vision and community building are found to have meaningful positive influence over organized citizens` behavior through psychological empowerment. Likewise, the result means the servant leadership increases organizational citizenship behavior of the members through empowerment. For servant leadership to promote organizational citizenship behavior, it is suggested to emphasize empowerment. In other words, it is important to empower subordinates for servant leadership to make more useful and complete achievement in the organization.
Knowledge Contents Acquisition in Public Organizations
Lee, Hyang-Soo ; Lee, Seong-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 315~322
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.315
Knowledge contents acquisition has received very little attention in the study of knowledge management, unlike knowledge sharing and utilization. For an organization to generate and preserve a competitive advantage, it is vital that its knowledge contents be acquired. This study analyzes, by quantitative approach of surveys, the degree of activities of knowledge contents acquisition for the employees of a local government organization. The results show that the employees of a local government are not aggressively involved in knowledge contents acquisition activities. Lessons and implications of this study for management leadership are presented.
Predictive Factors of Social Exclusion for the Elderly
Kang, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Yun-Jeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 323~334
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.323
The purpose of this study is to grasp the actual condition for social exclusion for the elderly, to understand the predictive factors of social exclusion. To achieve this objective, the social exclusion for the elderly was examined targeting 4,040 old people in more than 65 years old by using the second data for Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing(KLoSA) in 2008 by Korea Labor Institute. First, as a result of examining the actual condition for social exclusion for the elderly, the old people were indicated to be 45.4% for economic exclusion, 78.7% for working exclusion, 17.8% for residing exclusion, 43.8% for health exclusion, 33.7% for educational exclusion, and 34.3% for social-activity exclusion. Second, the possibility to be excluded economically was indicated to be bigger in the older age, in a case of not residing in a city and in the more number in household members. The possibility to be excluded from working was indicated to be higher in a case that old person is woman, in the older age, in a case that old person’s religion is christianity, in a case without spouse, in the more residing in a city, in a case that a household type is poor, in a case of dwelling in apartment, in the more number in household members. The possibility to be excluded from residing was indicated to be higher, in a case without spouse, in the more residing in a city, in a case that a household type is poor, in a case that a residing house type is general house, and in the less number in children. The possibility to be excluded from education was indicated to be higher in a case that old person is woman, in the older age, in a case that religion is not Christianity, in a case without spouse, in a case of not residing in a city, in a case that a household type is poor, in a case of the more children alive. The possibility to be excluded from health was indicated to be higher in a case that old person is woman, in the older age and in a case that a household type is poor. The possibility to be excluded from social activity was indicated to be higher in a case that old person is woman, in the older age, in a case that religion is not Christianity, in a case that a household type is poor, in a case of dwelling in apartment. This study has value as a basic research on social exclusion for the elderly.
Empirical Study on the Needs and Effectiveness of the Educational Program for Successful Aging
Jeong, Jong-Bo ; Lim, Wang-Kyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 335~351
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.335
The purpose of this study was twofold; one was to investigate the elderly people`s educational needs on successful aging(Study 1), and the other was to construct the educational program for successful aging and evaluate its effectiveness(Study 2). For Study 1, data were collected with structured questionnaires from the 166 elderly people participating in the government job creation projects for the aged in Gwangju and analyzed using frequency analysis and means-of-different tests. It was found that most of the elderly people strongly desired the education successful aging in terms of health care, finance, social participation, leasure, social network and self acceptance. In Study 2, the educational program for successful aging was constructed based on the results of Study 1 and the effectiveness of the program was evaluated using one-group pretest-posttest experimental design. Data were collected from 34 voluntary participants in the program before and after the implementation of the program and analyzed using the paired samples t-test technique. It was found that the program had a positive effect on the improvement of the elderly people`s understanding of successful aging in terms of health care, finance, social participation, leasure, social network and self acceptance. Based on these results, the implementation of the educational program designed in this study was recommended to improve the elderly people`s quality of life and the directions for future research were advanced. successful aging, educational needs, educational program, effectiveness.
Relationships between Special Guard`s Incident Shock, Job Stress, and Coping Ability
Kim, Chan-Sun ; Lee, Ji-Eun ; Jo, Byung-Hae ; Noh, Young-Jin ; Lee, Kyong-Hwa ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 352~361
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.352
The purpose of this study is that incident shock of special guards examines closely impact getting in job stress and coping ability. This study used judgement sampling method after establish special guards who is working at airport of capital region area in 2011 by population, and sample numbers used on interpretation finally were total 239 people. Questionnaire used in this study was consisted of the total 67 question, and executed frequency analysis, Factor analysis, reliability analysis, regression analysis by SPSSWIN 18.0. reliability of questionnaire appeared more than Cronbach`s
value .779. Conclusion of this study was as following. First, incident shock of special guards affects in job stress. That is, stress about personal relations increases as invasion is often repeated. Also, stress about role increases as hyperarousal is often repeated. Second, incident shock of special guards affects in coping ability. That is, problem central coping ability decreases as hyperarousal is often repeated. On the other hand, problem central coping ability increases as evasion tendency acts continuously. Third, job stress of special guards affects in coping ability. That is, problem central coping ability increases as feeling of helplessness for job characteristic acts. On the other hand, problem central coping ability, social support pursuit ability decreases as ambiguity about role acts high.
Public Image of Rapists and its Comparison with their Characteristics on the National Statistics
Park, Ji-Sun ; Park, In-Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 362~371
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.362
We often find that we, as a social group, share stereotypes of criminals. For the present study we investigated the stereotypes of rapists, and examined if they match their characteristics on the national crime statistics in Korea. Collecting data from 82 college students and 91 police officers, we compared stereotypes about rapists with the characteristics of those reported on the national crime statistics. As a result, we found that both college students and police officers have distorted stereotypes of rapists which are not consistent with their characteristics. More specifically, both college students and police officers believed that rapists came from broken families and that they were likely to have more previous criminal convictions than they actually did. In addition, both college students and police officers believed that rapists tended to recidivate within a short period of time, e.g. 1-3 months, which is much shorter than the time that actually took for them to recidivate. Finally, suggestions for future research were made.
Development of Severity-Adjustment Model for Length of Stay in Hospital for Percutaneous Coronary Interventions
Nam, Mun-Hee ; Kang, Sung-Hong ; Lim, Ji-Hye ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 372~383
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.372
Our study was carried out to develop the severity-adjustment model for length of stay in hospital for percutaneous coronary interventions so that we would analysis the factors on the variation in length of stay(LOS). The subjects were 1,011 percutaneous coronary interventions inpatients of the Korean National Hospital Discharge In-depth Injury Survey 2004-2006 data. The data were analyzed using t-test and ANOVA and the severity-adjustment model was developed using data mining technique. After yielding the standardized value of the difference between crude and expected length of stay, we analysed the variation of length of stay for percutaneous coronary interventions. There was variation of LOS in regional differences, size of sickbed and insurance type. The variation of length of stay controlling the case mix or severity of illness can be explained the factors of provider. This supply factors in LOS variations should be more studied for individual practice style or patient management practices and healthcare resources or environment. We expect that the severity-adjustment model using administrative databases should be more adapted in other diseases in practical.
Effects of a Web-based Learning Contents in Operating Room Nursing for Nursing Students
Park, Eun-Hee ; Hwang, Seon-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 384~394
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.384
This study was conducted to develop a web-based learning contents that assists nursing students` clinical practice on operating room nursing and to examine its learning effects. Based on contents and need analysis, 6 learning modules were developed regarding nursing care in surgical operation and operating equipments. In order to verify the effects of the program, this study employed a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest control group design. Knowledge was significantly higher in experimental group that was enhanced by the web-based learning contents than that of the control group (p<.001). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in self-directed learning. Experimental group had significantly higher motivation toward learning, which was examined posttest only, compared to control group (p<.001). These results support that the implementation of an web-based learning contents need to be continued as an effective educational material but we need more research to establish how this can be effectively implemented in a students` practicum.
Effects of Health Practices and Oral Health Behaviors on Obesity in University Students
Park, Hee-Jung ; Lee, Mun-Jae ; Kim, Seo-Khwan ; Jeong, Mi-Ae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 395~406
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.395
This study was to identify the obesity(BMI), health practices and oral health behaviors of university students and provide basic data for the development of a health promotion program for healthy campus communities. Total 177 students filled out a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed for descriptive statistics, chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression to evaluate the effects of health practice and oral behaviors on obesity. This study shows that the prevalence of obesity was 27.7%. Univarate analysis demonstrated that gender, age, the preference of salt, sleep in every day, self-perceived general health, the visiting the dentist during the past year were significantly different according to BMI. In multivariable regression, preference of salt, sleep in every day, the visiting the dentist during the past year were independent predictors of BMI, after adjustment of gender and age. The findings of this study emphasize the importance of obesity prevention program in overall, eating habit, mental health and oral health behavior in students.
Inter-rater Reliability and Training Effect of the Differential Diagnosis of Speech and Language Disorder for Stroke Patients
Kim, Jung-Wan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 407~413
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.407
Distinguishing aphasia in stroke patients and observing the subtle linguistic characteristics associated with it primarily requires the use of instruments that provide reliable assessment results. Additionally, examiners should be fully aware of how to use those instruments. This study examined 46 stroke patients for aphasia and assessed the reliability of their diagnoses according to examiners whose medical fields were different from each other. Furthermore, a comparison was made between the reliability before training and that after training. To this end, 46 stroke patients were tested for aphasia and in terms of their speech disorder degree by 3 groups, each of which consisted of 12 professionals (3 SLP, 3 neurologist, and 3 nurse). In the result, a rating of `acceptable` was given for speech intelligibility tasks and the voice quality of /ah-/ prolongation, and other sub-tests were marked as `good-excellent` by the experts with different areas of medical expertise. For the tasks marked as `acceptable`, the subjects were video-trained for 3 weeks and the differences were compared before and after their training. Consequently, the differences in the examiners` ratings in the speech intelligibility tasks showed a significant decrease and the accuracy of their voice quality ratings showed a significant increase. In the result of research on the correlation between the accuracy of the sub-test ratings and the amount of clinic experience, speech therapists developed more accuracy in rating a picture description task and a speech intelligibility task as their experience accumulated. Meanwhile, doctors and nurses showed more accurate ratings in picture description tasks with greater clinical experience. The results of this study suggest that assessing the neurologic-communicative disorders of stroke patients requires ongoing training and experience, especially for speech disorders. It was also found that the rating reliability in this case could be improved by training.
Effects of the Long-Term Caregivers` Job Stress on Psychological Burnout and Organizational Effectiveness and the Moderating Role of Social Support
Lee, Young-Hwa ; Lim, Wang-Kyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 414~428
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.414
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the elderly long-term care workers` job stress on psychological burnout and organizational effectiveness and the moderating role of social support. For this study, data were collected from 290 long-term caregivers from 50 in-home visitation care facilities in Seoul using structured questionnaires. Collected data were analyzed using hierarchical regression techniques. Results showed that role three job stress variables had positive effects on caregivers` psychological burnout; that two job stress variables(role ambiguity and role conflict) and psycholigcal burnout had negaive effects on caregivers` job satisfaction whereas they had positive effects on caregivers` intent to leave; that workload negatively impacted caregivers` job satisfaction but no effect on their intent to leave; and that two social support variables played moderating roles in the relationship between job stress and psychological burnout and the relationship between job stress and organizational effectiveness.
Comparison on Frequency of Vocal Misuse and Abuse Behavior in Normal and Vocal Nodules Children
Lee, Moo-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 429~436
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.429
There have been several studies reporting that vocal misuse and abuse causes voice problems, as well as laryngeal disease such as laryngitis, vocal nodules, vocal polyp. But few researches have investigated amounts or rates of vocal misuse or vocal abuse of patients. Therefore, the author of this study developed measuring device for vocal misuse and abuse behaviors and compared frequency of vocal misuse and abuse behaviors of normal children and children with vocal nodules. The subjects of this study were five normal children and five children with vocal nodules who were male, lower graders of elementary schools(first to third graders). Based on the results of this study, the frequency of the children with vocal nodules in vocal misuse and abuse using was 5,411(
) and that of the normal children was 3,133(
). The frequency of vocal misuse and abuse behaviors of the children with vocal nodules was around 1.5 time significantly higher than that of normal children(p<.001).
Measurement of the Skin Dose of Patient Using the Optically Stimulated Luminescent Dosimeter at Diagnostic Radiography
Kim, Jong-Eon ; Im, In-Chul ; Min, Byung-In ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 437~442
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.437
The purpose of this study is an measurement of the skin dose of a patient by using the OSLD(optically stimulated luminescent dosimeter) under several irradiation conditions of the X-ray beam for diagnostic radiography. The measurements of skin dose were performed for head, chest, and pelvis. And test of reproducibility was carried out at the chest. As a result, we obtained the skin dose at forehead of head to be 1.30 mSv. The skin doses at xiphoid process, breast and apex of the lung of the chest were acquired 0.92, 0.52 and 0.70 mSv, respectively. And we obtained the skin doses at the left pelvis and the right pelvis to be 2.78 and 3.08 mSv, respectively. As for reproducibility, a coefficient of variation was 0.033. The skin doses were exhibited the values corresponding from 1/100 to 1/17 of the dose limit of the public(50 mSv) at the deterministic effect. In order to make accurate measurements of the skin doses for each tube voltage, the measured values have to multiply by the displayed values of reader by a correction factor. The energy response of the OSLD with the tube voltage will be studied in the near future.
Analysis of Radiology Students` Behavior in Wearing Radiation Protection Equipment - based on the Theory of Planned Behavior
Noh, Ji-Sook ; Lee, Byung-Hoon ; Bea, Sang-Yul ; Park, Hyung-Su ; Ryu, So-Yen ; Park, Jong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 443~452
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.443
This research aims at investigating the factors that affects the wearing of the nuclear protection equipment by radiology students. We measured the factors related to the wearing of the nuclear protection equipment based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB). We collected 192 survey records from 230 radiology students in Kwang-ju and Chun-nam providence who finished the clinical training. Based on Logistic Regression analysis, we found that the wearing of the nuclear protection equipment is statistically more probable as the level of study is lower, the scale of practicing hospital is smaller, the attitude rating is lower, and the rating of perceived behavioral control is higher. We argue that the development of educational program considering factors like the perceived behavioral control is required to enhance the degree of wearing the nuclear protection equipment in the clinical training of college students.
Comparison of Exposure dose according to the C-arm Angle Change
Shin, Seong-Gyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 453~458
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.453
This study aimed to figure out the change of exposure dose to the radiologist according to the C-arm angle change. For the exam it was fixed with 101 kvp and 4.9mA for the exposure time with 3 seconds and 5 seconds respectively. C-arm Tube was located both under and over, then the average was taken after performing for 5 times with the change of angle from -30 degree to 0, 30, 60 and 90 degree. The detector measured in 160cm high from the position of the radiologist who operates the C-arm. The measurement was shown its highest result at -30 degree followed by 0, 30, 60, 90 from the highest order. Over tube method is higher than under tube method. Therefore, to reduce the exposure dose of the radiologist, it is required for using under tube method instead of over tube method. When the angle change is made, it is recommended to use the angle that tube is growing further apart from the radiologist. And it is also necessary to shorten exposed time as much as possible to create the same quality image and also to reduce the exposure dose.
Relationship of Leisure Constraint, Boredom and Satisfaction among the Private Security Agents
Kim, Kyong-Sik ; Kim, Chan-Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 459~468
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.459
This study was to analyze the relationship of leisure constraint, boredom and satisfaction among the private security agents. To attain the goal of this study, the employee of private security organization located in Seoul, 2011 year were sampled 400 peoples by purposive sampling method. The result of reliability check up was here below; over Cronbach`s
Effect of Arousal Control Training Conjugated Heart Rate Biofeedback for National Substitute Archery Players
Hong, Seong-Taek ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 469~484
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.469
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of arousal control training conjugated heart rate biofeedback for national substitute three archery players. The arousal control training programs was developed on previous researches and 3 archery experts and 1 sport psychologist had meetings. The training programs contained as orientation, breathing regulation, progressive relaxation technique, heart rate biofeedback, cognitive restructuring, routine and consisted of 24 weeks. XCOACH was utilized as heart rate biofeedback instrument. The effects was examined on competitive state anxiety inventory-2, archery score and ranking, observation, interviews and self assessment. As the results, the score of subfactor was improved on somatic state anxiety, cognitive state anxiety and self-confidence. As the results of observation, interviews and self assessment, the ability of arousal control was enhanced by using effective psychological skills conjugated heart rate biofeedback.
Effects of Psychological Capitals of Hotel Employees` on Organizational Commitments -Focused on Mediating Effect of Psychological Ownerships-
Ha, Yong-Kyu ; Kang, Sang-Muk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 485~495
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.485
This study aimed to explore the impacts of psychological capitals on the psychological ownerships and organizational commitments by employees in deluxe hotel located in Seoul. And also the mediating effects of psychological ownerships by employees on the relationships between psychological capitals and organizational commitments in hotel firms. The results of this study are, psychological capitals direct impacts on psychological ownerships and organizational commitments. And psychological ownerships influence mediating effects between psychological capitals and organizational commitments. The results of this study suggests that to build organizational behaviors management systems on emphasizing of the importance of psychological capitals and the importance of psychological ownerships by employees on intense competing environments in hotel industry for competitive advantages.
Ethical Climate and Turnover Intentions in Travel Agency -Mediating of Trust and Organizational Identification-
Kim, Yong-Soon ; Kwon, Moon-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 496~505
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.496
The purpose of this study was to research the relationships among ethical climate, trust, organizational identification and turnover intention of employees in travel agency. Ethical climates the prevailing perceptions of typical organizational practices and procedures that have ethical content. Ethical climate involves the perceptions of rightness or wrongness present in the organization`s work environment, and establishes the norms for acceptable and unacceptable behavior within the company. To accomplish this study, it was determined that the analysis derived from a hypothesis and literature reviews and data collected from 231 employees in travel agency. The results of empirical analysis showed as follows. First, Perceived ethical climate has a significant effect on trust, organizational identification and turnover intention. Second, Organizational identification has a significant effect on turnover intention while trust has no relationship with it. In addition, the mediating role of organizational identification is examined in the relationship between ethical climate and turnover intention. Based on these findings, the implications and limitations of the study were presented including some directions for future studies.
Possibility to Develop the Green Tourism in Conjunction with the Image of the Local Community: the case of Daejeon
Lee, Il-Yul ; Park, Moon-Kyou ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 506~514
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.506
The purpose of this study is to look into whether there is a possibility to develop the image of the local community in conjunction with green tourism, thus to explore the concrete ways to vitalize local community with diversified green tourism programs. In the pursuit of relating the research of community image-building with comprehensive local characteristics, this study selected the case of Jung Bang I village near Daejeon and analyzed the case through both written materials and on-site investigation. As a result of analysis, first, it was found that community image-building contributed positive effects in terms of the commercialization of the local community and its revitalization. Second, it was observed that community image-building led to form a "green route" that played a role as a passage to link townspeople to the country. It was also verified that those country villages that succeeded in image-building provided the places where people could experience the country and arts, which showed the potential of their roles as educational opportunities. In conclusion, this study will be able to suggest the direction to where the green tourism and image-building projects of the small communities near towns should go, and also provide a substantial guideline to related people regarding how to operate and maintain the local community.
Comparison and Analysis of Science and Technology Journal Metadata
Lee, Min-Ho ; Lee, Won-Goo ; Yoon, Hwa-Mook ; Shin, Sung-Ho ; Ryou, Jae-Cheol ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 515~523
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.515
It is important to manage large amount of information from various information providers for supporting recent information services such as providing global research trends, detecting emerging signal and listing leading researchers. For integrated management, definition of integrated metadata schema, data transformation and schema matching are needed. It is first necessary to analyze existing various metadata for defining integrated metadata schema. In this paper, we have analyzed several metadata of scientific journal papers by classifying semantics, content rules and syntax, and looked around considerations to make integrated schema or transform metadata. We have known that XML is used as a syntax for supporting convenience and various usage condition, and hierarchy element names and common elements in semantics are needed. We also have looked at elements having various content rules and related standards. We hope that this study will be used as basic research material of metadata integrated management, data transform and schema matching for interoperability.
Web-based E-learning System Supporting an Effective Self-directed Learning Environment
Kim, Mi-Hye ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 524~535
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.524
For success in E-learning, support from a learning environment that enables learners to perform self-directed learning more effectively is assumed. However, most existing e-learning systems do not maximize the improvement in learners` self-regulated learning ability because they only partially accommodate factors that can facilitate self-directed learning. In this paper, a web-based e-learning system is designed and proposed that enables support of an enhanced self-directed learning environment by providing various learning methods, evaluation methods, learning content levels, and strategies for learning motivation in various conditions, and synthetically reflecting them. To validate the effectiveness of the proposed system, it was applied to the subject of data structures in a university course, and an online survey was conducted with the students. The results indicated that the proposed system can support a learning environment in which students can perform more effective self-directed learning, enhancing their learning ability.
Change of Teachers` Activities since using Technology in Schools and its Differences in the Psychological Background
Shin, Won-Sug ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 11, issue 9, 2011, Pages 536~545
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2011.11.9.536
This study aims to examine how technology integrated instruction change teachers` activities in schools since using technology in classrooms. A total of 311 elementary and secondary school teachers were participated in this study. Using exploratory factor analysis five factors were extracted. In addition, technology attitude in education and technology competence as psychological factors are analyzed to be influenced by the five extracted factors. The results of this study show that there are outstanding change since using technology in schools. Also changing of teachers` activities in schools is influenced by technology competence which reflects teachers` confidence on using technology rather than technology attitude in education which reflects teachers` recognition of the necessity of technology integrated instruction.