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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
Selecting the target year
Illumination and Rotation Invariant Object Recognition
Kim, Kye-Kyung ; Kim, Jae-Hong ; Lee, Jae-Yun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.001
The application of object recognition technology has been increased with a growing need to introduce automated system in industry. However, object transformed by noises and shadows appeared from illumination causes challenge problem in object detection and recognition. In this paper, an illumination invariant object detection using a DoG filter and adaptive threshold is proposed that reduces noises and shadows effects and reserves geometry features of object. And also, rotation invariant object recognition is proposed that has trained with neural network using classes categorized by object type and rotation angle. The simulation has been processed to evaluate feasibility of the proposed method that shows the accuracy of 99.86% and the matching speed of 0.03 seconds on ETRI database, which has 16,848 object images that has obtained in various lighting environment.
Automatic Music Transcription Considering Time-Varying Tempo
Ju, Youngho ; Babukaji, Baniya ; Lee, Joonwhan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 9~19
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.009
Time-varying tempo of a song is one of the error sources for the identification of a note duration in automatic music recognition. This paper proposes an improved music transcription scheme equipped with the identification of note duration considering the time-varying tempo. In the proposed scheme the measures are found at first and the tempo, the playing time of each measure, is then estimated. The tempo is then used for resizing each IOI(Inter Onset Interval) length and considered to identify the accurate note duration, which increases the degree of correspondence to the music piece. In the experiment the proposed scheme found the accurate measure position for 14 monophonic children songs out of 16 ones recorded by men and women. Also, it achieved about 89.4% and 84.8% of the degree of matching to the original music piece for identification of note duration and pitch, respectively.
Implementation of an App Scheduler for the Effective Display of Advertisement Contents on Android Platform
Kim, Chil-Su ; Lee, Myung-Sub ; Park, Chang-Hyeon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 20~29
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.020
Recently, Digital Information Display(DID) technologies have been used to advertise the various contents such as video, image, text and etc. However most of recent DIDs are still using the traditional one directional advertising mechanism delivering the contents only to the customers. In this paper, we present the design and implementation of an App Scheduler on Android platform to effectively manage the Android Apps related to the advertisement which can attract customers` attention and reflect their ideas in the advertisement.
Constructing an Evaluation Set for Korean Sentiment Analysis Systems Incorporating the Category and the Strength of Sentiment
Kim, Do-Yeon ; Wu, Yong ; Park, Hyuk-Ro ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 30~38
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.030
Sentiment analysis is concerned with extracting and analyzing different kinds of user sentiment expressed in a variety of social media such as blog and twitter. Although sentiment analysis techniques are actively studied for these days, evaluation sets are not developed yet for Korean sentiment analysis. In this paper, we constructed an evaluation set for Korean sentiment analysis. To evaluate sentiment analysis systems more throughly, each sentence in our evaluation set is tagged with the polarity of the sentiment as well as the category and the strength of the sentiment. We divide kinds of sentiment into 7 positive categories and 15 negative categories. Each category is given the strength of the sentiment from 1 to 3. Our evaluation set consists of 3,270 sentences extracted from various social media. For each sentence, 5 human taggers assigned the category and the strength of the sentiment expressed in the sentence. The ratio of inter-taggers agreement was 93% in the polarity, 70% in the category, 58% in the strength of sentiment. The ratio of inter-taggers agreement our evaluation set is a bit higher than other evaluation sets developed for German and Spanish. This result shows our evaluation set can be used as a reliable resource for the evaluation of sentiment analysis systems.
Automated Test Data Generation Based on Branch Coverage for Testing C Programs
Chung, In-Sang ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 39~48
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.039
It is well known that software testing amounts for a significant portion of software development cost. In order to reduce the cost of software testing. a lot of researches on automated test data generation have been performed. Sophisticated tools for performing symbolic execution or solving a system of path constraints are required to support automated test data generation. Developing or purchasing those tools leads to another factor of increasing the cost involving software testing. In this paper, we propose a dynamic test data generation approach that does not depend on symbolic execution or constraint solving at all. The proposed approach extends Korel`s path-oriented method to satisfy the branch coverage criterion effectively. We conducted an experiment to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed technique with a triangle classification program to show that branch coverage can be easily achieved.
Bundled SW Design with Application Method of Diary Study
Ha, Kwang Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 49~57
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.049
Recently as the user experience`s importance has been emphasized, there has been many tries of various research methodology in order to understand the user. Specially, as the political investigation method`s user understanding method based on the statistical analysis so far has encountered a limit, there has been a continuous tendency to try to introduce a humanitarian or cultural anthropological methodology. As part of this effort, there has been many tries of various approach methods of the Ethnography which is the cultural anthropological typical research methodology, but among those the Diary Study Method is mentioned as one of the effective methodologies. Therefore this thesis applies the Diary Study Method to the notebook PC bundle SW`s attitude research and tries a deep rooted research about the user attitude. Also centered to the project of understanding the notebook PC bundle SW`s user receptivity. it shows a specific example of the Diary Study applied to the user understanding. Through this process, we will examine the summary about the Ethnography research method, and will discuss an effective research methodology by through the process of analyzing and deducting the user inclination by applying and designing the Diary Study to the project. That is to say, it was progressed by actually applying the research methodology through a specific case, with the purpose of breaking away from the textbook discussion and progress with an application aspect discussion. Through the current research, we will verify an active user-inclined process about the user`s notebook PC SW, and it is expected to be useful in establishing a SW UX strategy and distribution related to the bundle software.
Contracts and Unfair Trade Practices in the Korean Broadcasting Production Industry
Roh, Dong-Ryul ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 58~67
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.058
It is widely observed in the Korean broadcasting production industry that unfair trade practices occur either when the drawing up a contract is ill-timed, when the contract`s stipulations do not adequately cover possibilities in reality, or when the contract is simply breached. In particular, the most prevalent cause of the breach of contracts lies in the broadcasting production practices. Hence, systematic efforts should be made to improve the daily practices of the production industry by ensuring that the whole production process is carried out by contract. In order to achieve this, the following are suggested: i) A preliminary contract is to be made prior to the main one. ii) A standard production contract, which can be used as a template for other sub-contracts such as writing contracts, acting contracts, employment contracts, and so on, needs be introduced. iii) The standard contract should stipulate the obligations of the personnel from broadcasting companies, the recognition of the rights of production companies that created formats, and the boundary of the autonomy that production companies can exercise during production, in particular. iv) Prohibitive provisions are to be introduced into the Broadcasting Law in order to limit the causes for unfair trade practices.
Specialized Job Drama`s Traits and Aspects of Development in 2000`s
Lee, Won ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 68~75
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.068
The terrestrial television broadcasting has increased the number of the specialized job drama in the programming in 2000`s, for overcoming the limit of the materials and reflecting the new sociocultural phenomenon valuing the specialized job. This drama benefits from good audience and huge fans, while the low average rate of audience shows the limit of competitiveness of this new genre. The text analysis clarifies three traits of the specialized job drama. At first, this genre is characterized by the variety of materials and the attempt of realistic description. Then, its narrative structure is organized so as to develop a story based rather on the success of career than on the relation of love. Finally, its last trait lives in the character of the heroes which is a creation based on the narrative structure.
Content Analysis of Anti-Smoking TV advertisements: Different Adaptation of Health Communication Theories between Korea and the U.S.A.
Hong, Eunhee ; Lee, Cheolhan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 76~87
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.076
This study examined Korean and the U.S.A..`s television anti-smoking advertisements that were coined to discourage adults and teens smoking. A content analysis of 71 television advertisements listed in the "Smoking Guidance Program" operated by Korea Health Promotion Foundation. This study evaluated to detect whether the advertising content reflected core health communication theories such as health belief model, theory of reasoned action, and social cognitive theory used in the designing of anti-smoking ad message to change behavior and attitudes toward smoking unfavorably. The results showed that Korean anti-smoking ads mostly relied on social norm messages, followed by smoking attitude. The message of modeling and self-efficacy was least used; while, the U.S.A. ads focused more on modeling and self efficacy. This difference comes from the cultural difference. Namely, Korea focused more on collectivism rather than individualism. The anti-smoking ads of Korea and the U.S.A. most frequently adopted horror and humor rather than sadness, no appeal, and angry. The ads targeted more on adults rather than teens. The research identifies the types of advertisements that are most likely to utilized and underutilize in the Korea and U.S.A. anti-smoking ads and contribute to further understandings of anti-smoking ads theoretically.
Relocation of Korean Film Council (KOFIC) and Film Industry in Busan
Kim, Jung-Ho ; Kim, Jae Sung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 88~99
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.088
Korean Film Council (KOFIC) is entrusted by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Republic of Korea, aiming to support and promote Korean films. With the government`s policy for balanced regional development, KOFIC head office will be relocated to Busan. Busan is famous for the Busan International film Festival and their effort for Korean film industry. Until now, the Korean film industry is concentrated on the Seoul metropolitan areas. With the relocation of KOFIC, it is the time for KOFIC to recognize and promote and Busan as the Second key Cluster of Korean film industry. With the cooperation with Busan Film Commission, KOFIC needs to set up the new promotion plan for Korean film industry for future including building new film production studio, raising regional film production fund, and scouting new talented filmmakers.
Representation and Meaning of War in Films
Kim, Hyung-Ju ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 100~109
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.100
The history of war is the interesting theme to every group because it presents the identity of nation and social aspects of the age. The war was a subject matter in culture industry, and the war films represented a battlefield with various phases. Thus, it provided important description to understand our society. The purpose of the study is to identify the phases and representation of war in films through analyzing a pattern of war films. For the comparison study on a type of war and its social effect, we need to approach the concept of inclusive representation. Thus, I categorize war films to suit the subject of research and select the objects among the various war films. On the basis of these films, this paper studies how the representations and phases of war is reflected and described in contents of films.
Landscape Color Plan based on Storytelling
Lee, Jae-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 110~118
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.110
This study was performed based on "Basic plan of landscape forming project in Jujeon village" which was performed during January ~ August 2011 as a target of "Pilot project of landscape forming in coast village" held by the Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs. The project target, Jujeon village, Dong-gu, Ulsan metropolitan city has unique scenery and cultural and historic features. However, its distinct landscape is getting fallen due to insufficient management and development done without considering local feature. Therefore, we need to plan to increase the distinctive place value of coast village, and the landscape color plan is an essential element upon ma king entire harmony of village unit. This study, therefore, aims to suggest authentic landscape color plan and improvement plan of Jujeon village through local color research, local history, geographical feature, and resident sense research of Jujeon village. Especially, for independent landscape color plan for a small village, this study is significant to develop authentic color plan of Jujeon village based on storytelling and to provide possibility in landscape color plan through storytelling in the future.
Way of Local Culture Storytelling Application for Creative Cityscape Design -Focused on Tokyo`s Marunouchi Street and Avenue des Champs-Elysées in Paris Style for the Journal of Korean Contents-
Hwang, Yoo-Soon ; Lim, Chae-Hyong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 119~132
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.119
Korea`s latest quantitative urban development led to a result to lose our public properties` identity provided by urban environment, so we now have to think how to solve environmental matter of one-sided public design. Because one city`s public environment is the central axis to determine its first impression and also connected with its overall value, the region`s value show obvious differences by its urban scape design. Therefore we analyzed current cityscape of Tokyo`s Marunouchi street and Avenue des Champs-Elys
es in Paris which applied how to connect visual and physical characteristics of urban space representation to outdoor space`s nature well, and tried to reconsider what is our design identity of creative cityscape.
Effects of Purchase Intention according to Media Type for Advertising and Publicity in Viewing Performance of Popular Arts
Kwon, Hyeog-In ; Joo, Hi-Yeob ; Jung, Soon-Gyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 133~144
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.133
In this paper, we analyzed that a performing director can make effective advertising and publicity with any medium during the overall performance planning. We discovered 3 steps which are before viewing(viewing motive), during view(service quality) and after viewing(content quality) which affect purchase decision on viewing performance followed by an adjustment effect according to media type. Through surveying and analyzing the results, we confirmed that viewing motive, service quality, and content quality have significant effect on purchase decision and significant adjustment effect according to media type. Therefore, we expect that a performing director can make an effective advertising and publicity decision with any medium during performance planning.
Effect of Dance Instructors` Education Support on Instructor` Trust and Dance Attachment
Kim, Jeong-Ryeon ; Kim, Myong-Ju ; Yoon, Min-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 145~154
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.145
The major purpose of this study is to examine how the support for dance education of dance majors affects the instructor` trust and dance attachment. This research was executed as the subjects who are currently the student of dance majors of a college in Seoul, Kyonggi, Daejeon and Chungchungnam-do, one college were selected from each district. And by using purposive sampling method, total of 262 peoples that were used in final analysis was extracted. In this study, adequacy and reliability of the questionnaire were verified by factor analysis, reliability analysis, regression analysis and course analysis by using SPSS18.0. The conclusion is as follows. First, instructor`s support for dance education influences on instructor` trust. Secondly, support for dance education partly influences on dance attachment. Thirdly, instructor` trust influences on dance attachment. Lastly, support for dance education influences dance attachment throughout instructor` trust. Especially, support for dance education` influence for dance attachment throughout instructor` trust is more influential than support for dance education` influence for dance attachment directly. Now it is obvious that instructor` trust is the important variable that intermediate support for dance education and dance attachment.
Effectiveness of Command Counseling Program Development for Young Leaders
Jang, Jeong-Gee ; Shin, Hong-Kyu ; Kim, Kyung-Soon ; Byun, Sang-Hae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 155~165
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.155
In any military services, young leaders are superiors to another and the leaders must be equipped with not only command and control(C2) and management capabilities but with a skill set that addresses their service members` problems and hardships throughout a counseling approach. These young leaders other than regular professional counselors are wearing dual hats as a commander and a counselor to address their service member`s issues. There are couple of hours to give a lecture about counseling during the basic training course, however, we noticed that there are some limitations to cover up the uniqueness of counseling during the course, since we cannot rule out the unique vertical situation within military system that runs by its hierarchy. Therefore, we developed education program in order to enhance commander`s counseling skills, refined the program with thorough review and commentary by professions and military commanders, and provided 10 events of program to the young leaders. As a result, the leaders scored high on self-effectiveness, communication skills, and counseling development-level. If we adjust minor changes to the program, it will be the outstanding program to improve young leaders` counseling capability.
Present State of Classic Music`s Copyrights in Korea as an Intellectual Property
Jung, Jiyoung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 166~173
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.166
Although there are highly artistic music pieces which have composed and presented every years at concerts in Korea nowadays the their copyrights are not claimed. In general, The reason for this is that the classical music are employed as educational and nonprofit purpose. Recently, the copyright claim is the trend for all kinds creations therefore one who produce creative works desire more the hearty and creative. However, in the field of classical music in Korea, the rate of copyright registration are low compared to popular music when this paper research the presents state of copyright registration through the Korea music copyrights association and Korea copyright commission. Therefore, people who in the field of classic music should be encouraged to manage their copyrights such the registration of copyrights actively.
Acceptance of The National Tax Service Electronic Document System of Tax Officials
Hong, Soon-Bok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 174~182
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.174
The purpose of the study is to establish a successful the national tax service electronic document system and suggest an application method by investigating relationships among perceived availability, perceived usefulness and system acceptance suggested by Technology Acceptance Model(TAM). As a result, perceived availability and perceived usefulness were playing roles as mediums on the process of accepting an tax electronic document system, and information quality of the electronic document system turned out to influence on perceived availability and perceived usefulness. And perceived availability turned out to influence on perceived usefulness. This suggests that the more tax officials feel comfortable in using an tax electronic document system, the more useful they perceive it is.
Perception Types of Interested Group in College on the Education-welfare Support for Disabled College Students
Lee, Jae-Hwan ; Lee, Soo-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 183~198
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.183
The purpose of this study is to find out perception types of interested group in college on the education-welfare support for disabled college students by Q-methodology, then to search for political measures to support of disabled college students in the implication of the sorted subjective viewpoints. The result of this study showed that there are four major sorts of perception types on the education-welfare support for disabled college students: requests for realistic and comprehensive services for stable college life(Type1), requests for the disabled personalized services for the vocational life after graduation(Type2), lacks of understanding on the education-welfare support and disabled college students(Type3), and ambivalences on the education-welfare support(Type4). The findings of this study are summarized as several kinds.
Effects of Sex-role Attitude and Communication of Elderly Couples on Marital Satisfaction
Lim, Na-Hyun ; Ha, Kyu-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 199~214
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.199
This study analyzed the differences of the sex-role attitude, communication, and marital satisfaction according to a demographic factors as well as analyzed the relationship of the effects on sex-role attitude(sex-role awareness, sex-capacity awareness), communication(close relationship, exclusive relationship, passive relationship), and marital satisfaction of elderly couples. The survey was conducted from June 20 to July 30, 2012 among the elderly couples aged 60 or older in the Gyeonggi-do areas, and 378 responses were used in the data analysis. The statistical analysis methods were frequency analysis, reliability analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and hierarchical regression analysis. As a results, there were partially differences in the sex-role attitude, communication, and marital satisfaction. The sex-role awareness and sex-capacity awareness had a positive impact on close relationship and passive relationship of the communication. But the sex-capacity awareness had a negative impact on exclusive relationship of the communication. In addition, The sex-role awareness and close relationship had a positive impact on marital satisfaction, but exclusive relationship and passive relationship had a negative impact on marital satisfaction of elderly couples.
Factors Affecting Adaptation for Elders in Long-term Care Facilities
Jung, Kyung-Hwa ; Jo, Hyun-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 215~224
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.215
The purpose of this study was to identify the facility adaptation characteristics, and the relationship between facility adaptation and the potential affective factors; ADL, self-efficacy, and quality of care facility, and to identify the affective factors on facility adaptation for elders in long-term care facility. Data were collected from 177 none dementia elders over 65 in 9 long-term care facilities from Jan.2, 2011 to March 15, 2011. The data were analysed through t/F test, correlation coefficient, and multiple regression (stepwise). The major findings of this study were as follow; Facility adaptation shows significant difference from admission decision maker(p
Relationship among Perceived Self-Esteem, Social Support, and State Anxiety in Community-dwelling Unmarried Mother raising a Child
Kim, Hye-Soon ; Lee, Myung-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 225~235
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.225
The purpose of this study was to investigate the degrees of and relationships between self-esteem, social support, and state anxiety in community-dwelling unmarried mother raising a child. Descriptive correlational study design was used. Data were collected from 65 participants with self-report questionnaires from May to December, 2011. First, the mean of self-esteem was 3.52, social support 3.49, and state anxiety 2.47 respectively. Second, the correlation between self-esteem and social support was also statistically significant(r
Drinking Behavior and Health Promoting Lifestyle between Korean and Japanese Female Nursing Students
Lee, Suk Jeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 236~245
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.236
This study aimed to compare the drinking behavior and health promoting lifestyle between Korean (n
Factors Associated with Stages of Adoption for Breast Cancer Screening : Based on the Precaution Adoption Process Model -Focusing on Comparisons Between Nurses and General Women-
Oh, Jae-Woo ; Moon, Young-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 246~257
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.246
Objectives : This study was aimed to grasp the stages of change in breast cancer screening of the nurses and general women who were over 20 and under 50 and specify the factors which affected the stages of change in breast cancer screening, based on Precaution Adoption Process Model. Methods : This study was conducted for 158 people who consisted of the nurses and general women who were over 20 and under 50. Results : As a result of examining the factors of cues to action and the belief in cancer screening according to the stages of change in the breast cancer screening of the nurses and general women, there was not a statistically significant difference and the perceived barriers showed a statistically significant difference in the stage of behavioral decision, the fifth stage. Conclusion : It is necessary to approach the individuals with the recommendation of cancer screening through the people around them and differentiated strategies considering the stages of change in cancer screening in order to induce the behavioral change in breast cancer screening, and develop and apply the strategies to enhance the severity perceived on the breast cancer.
Research on the Smoking Conditions of College Students and the Behavior and Awareness of Oral Hygiene
Moon, Seon-Jeong ; Kim, Han-Na ; Ku, In-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 258~266
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.258
This study was conducted to investigate the differences between smokers and non-smokers` oral hygiene and college students` smoking awareness. The survey was carried out based on the 260 college students enrolled in four-year universities located in Kyungbuk, Daegu, Gangwon-do. Collected date used the SPSS 17.0 to perform the frequency and cross-analysis. 1. The daily smoking amounts of less than half pack and the smoking duration of more than 1 year and less than 3 years were to be the highest. The initiation of smoking was triggered by the curiosity and the proximal social environment. The reason of smoking was to relieve stress and habitual smoking respectively. 2. There was a significant difference between smokers and non-smokers` tooth brushing time, regular dentist visit, recent dental admission, the purpose of dental visits, scaling and oral health education. 3. There was a significant difference between smokers and non-smokers` awareness of oral hygiene in the subjective oral hygiene status. 4. There was a significant difference between smokers and non-smokers` awareness towards the impact of second-hand, after meal and one or two cigarette smoking. Based on the above results, smokers lack the awareness of smoking and oral hygiene compared to non-smokers. Therefore, the activation and the development of programs for the smoking and oral hygiene education targeting college students are considered to be necessary.
Effect of K-ADL·K-IADL and Quality of life in Day Hospital Program for Stroke Patients
Park, Chang-Sik ; Song, Byung-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 267~277
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.267
This study was to evaluate the effects how to have an influence on activities daily living and quality of life in day hospital program for the stroke patient. 41 experimental groups and 41 control groups in National rehabilitation hospital selected and examined K-ADL, K-IADL and quality of life. The result of this study indicated that experimental group was higher than control group in activity daily living performance and instrumental activity daily living performance. also experimental group was higher than control group all of total items in quality of life. age and economic state of general characteristic had an effect on K-ADL, K-IADL and quality of life and economic state, scholarship, marriage, job, helper had effect on quality of life. pain, social function, mental health, physical role in item of quality of life had effect on K-ADL and limit of physical role had best effect on K-IADL. Consequently we found that it needs to continuous rehabilitation to maintain body function, to prevent secondary disability, to improve social integration and quality of life for stroke patient actually.
Difference of Catechins Extracted Level when Fermented Sun-dried Salt and Green Tea
Yun, Hyun ; Oh, Hye-Jong ; Choi, Sung-Woo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 278~285
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.278
In an experiment in which fermentation was done by adding fungal species that have antibiosis but do not have cellulase, the extraction amount of EGC, EC, EGCG, and ECG increased in all samples that fermented by adding sun-dried salt compared to those that fermented only with green tea after fermenting green tea by mixing it with sun-dried salt. In the analysis conducted according to the days of fermentation, the high extraction amounts of EGC(epigallocatechin), ECG(epicatechin gallate), EC(epicatechin), and EGCG(epigallocatechin gallate) were detected on the second and third day. Furthermore, when fermentation was done by adding ferment bacillus, all types of catechin(EGC, EC, EGCG, ECG) extraction increased in Paenibacillus spp but in Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, EGC and EC decreased while EGCG and ECG increased; whereas in Bacillus pumilus and Bacillus subtilis all types of catechin(EGC, EC, EGCG, ECG) decreased. The results of the above experiment reveal that the largest amount of catechin was extracted from the result which conducted fermentation for three days together with sun-dried salt and Paenibacillus spp in the green tea.
Factors Influencing on Magazine Subscription
Lee, Yong-Jun ; Kim, Won-Je ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 286~294
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.286
This research examined the influencing factors on magazine subscription. 499 magazine readers had answered on the survey questions. Structural equation model analysis, frequency analysis and reliability analysis were used by SPSS 15.0 and Amos 7.0 program for verifying the hypotheses. The results were as follows: First, the speciality of magazine journalists had a positive effect on magazine recognition. Second, the speciality of magazine journalists had a positive effect on subscription to magazine. Third, the magazine recognition had a positive effect on subscription to magazine. Fourth, the price, a copy of magazine, had not significant effect on subscription to magazine. Fifth, the percentage of news item and advertisement had not significant effect on subscription to magazine. Sixth, the reading amount had a positive effect on subscription to magazine.
Efficiency Analysis of Listed Display Companies Using a Hybrid AHP and DEA Model
Seo, Kwang-Kyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 295~302
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.295
The display industry plays an important role in the entire Korean economy. Few empirical research has analyzed the efficiency of display companies although it is necessary to measure the management efficiency for more efficient operation and more strengthening competitiveness of them. The purpose of this paper is to measure and analyze their efficiency of the Korean listed display companies using a hybrid ANP and DEA model. In this paper, we analyzed the 44 listed companies consisted of 7 listed on KOSPI and 37 listed on KOSDAQ at the end of 2010. In order to determine the input and output variables of DEA, the ANP model was applied to evaluate the importance of input and output variables. The benchmarking companies and efficiency value for the display firms with inefficiency were also provided to improve the their efficiency.
Factors Affecting the Intention to Use of Smart-Phone Banking Service: A Case of Chinese Users
Kim, Soo-Hyun ; Li, Lei ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 303~312
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.303
In this paper we investigate the factors influencing the intention to use of smart-phone mobile banking service in China. We include the characteristics of smart-phone, mobile banking service, and users to the research model and also consider user satisfaction as an intervening variable. We try to find and prove the factors influencing the intention to use of smart-phone mobile banking service by surveying 206 chinese users and using structural equation model. This empirical paper proves that mobility, instance connectivity, use convenience, and intimacy give positive effects to intention to use of smart-phone mobile banking service. In addition, this paper indicates some managerial implications that mobility, access speed and the easy user interface can help to increase the degree of user acceptance.
Impact of Physical Environment of Exhibition on the Experiences and Visitors` Satisfaction
Choi, Sook-Hee ; Jeon, In-Oh ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 313~337
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.313
Recently, according to the being activated exhibition, it has been focused on the participants in order to enhance its interest and satisfaction. Consequently it is set up the model of research and the hypotheses based on the leading study of the physical environment of the exhibition and experience This study would like to analyze how the physical environments of the exhibition are effected on the factor of the experience and the participants` satisfaction. It also would like to check the factor of the experience to promote the participants` call and provide the useful information for the exhibitors to raise the participants` satisfaction. Being set the physical environment of the exhibition(layout accessibility, Facility aesthetics, facility cleanliness, convenience, comfort, human services) as a independent variable and fix the factor of experience (sense, feel, think, act and relate) as a parameter, the participants` satisfaction is identified. As a result of the research, the factor of experience is affected by the physical environment of the exhibition and the participants` satisfaction is affected by the factor of the experience. Therefore, the exhibitors have to consider the physical environments of the exhibition and the factor of experience for making the participants` satisfaction high when they hold the exhibitions.
Financial Determinants of Credit Default Swap Spreads for Financial Institutions Headquartered in the Republic of Korea
Kim, Hanjoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 338~357
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.338
This study investigated any possible financial attributes of the CDS spreads of a firm belonging to financial industries headquartered in the Republic of Korea. There were few studies on this issue, especially for the firms located in emerging capital markets. Coupled with the models such as a multiple regression and a principal component analysis(PCA), this research has identified that only two explanatory variables such as SLOPE and INTER3 (i.e. interaction effect between the BETA and the SLOPE) consistently showed their statistically significant influence on the CDS spreads through the `selected` model without and with applying a stepwise regression procedure for the robustness. Given the rapid developments of sophisticated financial derivatives, this study may suggest a valuable insight to foreign and domestic investors to identify the possible determinants of CDS spreads at the firm- and/or the industry-level.
Effect of SNS Characteristics on Consumer Satisfaction and Purchase Intention of Agri-food Contents
Shin, Mi-Hae ; Oh, Sang-Heon ; Hwang, Dae-Yong ; Seo, Su-Seok ; Kim, Young-Chul ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 358~367
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.358
Recently, The development of information and communication technologies is having a very strong effect on the agri-food industry. Especially, agri-food content utilizing social network services such as Facebook and Twitter led to direct communication with consumers stirred into a new distribution channel. The purpose of this paper is to provide way to successful utilization of agri-food contents and improvement of purchase intention. The results of analyzing the relation between the three characteristics of SNS-social presence, conversation and interaction frequency-, consumer satisfaction and purchase intention are summarized as follows. First, characteristics of SNS of social presence and conversation have a positive effect on consumer satisfaction. Second, the interaction frequency does not have positive effect on consumer satisfaction. Finally, the consumer satisfaction has a positive effect on purchase intention.
Criticizing the Market Concentration Regulation in Open Media Environment
Lee, Chi Hyung ; Lee, Jungmann ; Lee, Jongwon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 368~376
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.368
Government has strictly regulated the concentration of the media market because the number of broadcasters was traditionally limited and they had significant influence on public. However as the media market converges with Internet`s open architecture, scarcity and pervasiveness are losing their roles in justifying media regulation. This article examines market convergence and its impact on market concentration, and criticizes the current concentration regulation. The study indicates that market performance are much governed by firm`s competitive actions than market structure, and that vertical integration contributes to service innovations, and that horizontal concentration makes it difficult to measure due to its even-changing market definition. Therefore, the regulation for market concentration should shift its focus from firm`s market share to broadcaster`s unfair acts driving market inefficiency and hurting content diversity.
Relation of Self Leadership and Empowerment and Organization Innovation Action in Private Security Guard
Kim, Kyong-Sik ; Kim, Chan-Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 377~387
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.377
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between self leadership and empowerment and organization innovation action in private security guard. This study established private security guards who is being located in Seoul, 2011 and work in the private security company by population. Using purposive sampling method, 293 samples were drawn and were used for the final analysis. Using SPSSWIN 18.0, frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, multiple regression analysis and path analysis were performed. Cronbach`s
value which shows the reliability of the questionnaire came out to be over .831. The conclusion is following. First, private security guard`s self leadership affects to empowerment. That is, influence and semanticity are enlarged as action center strategy, natural compensation strategy is attained well. Also, capacity, self decision power is enlarged as constructive thinking strategy, natural compensation strategy is attained well. Second, private security guard`s self leadership affects to organization innovation action. In other words, innovation action is increased as action center strategy is attained well. Also, organization`s innovation result is enlarged as constructive thinking strategy, action center strategy, natural compensation strategy are attained well. Third, private security guard`s empowerment affects on organization innovation action. That is, innovation action, innovation result appears high in case of influence, semanticity is enlarged. Fourth, private security guard`s self leadership exerts direction indirect effect in empowerment and organization innovation action. Thus, empowerment is an important variable that mediate self leadership and organization innovation action.
New Fact and Experience About The Tennis Lesson Using Tool
Shin, Myoung-Jin ; Shim, Yun-Sik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 388~397
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.388
The tennis was one of the most popular sport in the general physical education lesson. However there are many problems such as difficult of improvement tennis skill, lack of class days and so many students in a class. These reasons could ultimately damage the overall quality of class. The purpose of this research was to beginner students was fun and easy to learn. The tennis lesson using tools were 1.selective hitting ball, 2. high net hitting ball, 3. hitting orange ball. Scores of the experimental group(n
Study on Effect of Hotel Place Marketing Using Media PPL
Lee, Jong-Joo ; Yun, Ji-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 398~411
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.398
Recently, the hotel business requires to secure various client bases and accompany proper marketing and advertising activities for survival and development. Media PPL has been popular as an effective method to meet these requirements. Many studies have been practiced about the effect of media PPL marketing. This study was practiced to confirm the effect of the hotel place marketing using media PPL and the involvement for character in PPL. The following 4 assumptions are established for these purposes. The first confirms the impact relation between media PPL and hotel image. The second confirms whether the involvement for characters in media PPL influences the impact relation between media PPL and hotel image. The third confirms the impact relation between hotel image and purchasing behaviors. And the last confirms whether the involvement for characters in media PPL influences the impact relation between hotel image and purchasing behaviors. In order to analyze the assumptions established for this study, A questionnaires is carried out and factor analysis, reliability analysis and regression analysis are performed with them. According to the results of these analyses, all of 4 established assumptions are partly accepted.
Influence of Superiors` Leadership on Trust and Job Satisfaction in Hotel
Nam, Tacg-Yeong ; Lee, Gye-Hee ; Jee, Bong-Gu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 412~421
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.412
The aim of this paper is to improve employee job satisfaction through the influence of superiors` leadership related to trust and job satisfaction of hotel employees who strive to provide better service for guest. We analyzed the correlation between superior`s leadership and the trust and job satisfaction of the employees. The result of this analysis indicates that the influence of the superiors` leadership on the trust and job satisfaction of employees favourable, and worthy of individual consideration and conditional compensation. Job satisfaction for employees has a direct correlation with each situation and reward of state of affairs. Further, the influence on job satisfaction is shown as statistically significant in relation to the senior`s trust.
A Case Analysis of Development Native Food Brand Admiral Yi, Sun-sin using Placeness
Choi, Souk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 422~431
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.422
In the era of cultural contents, developing diverse materials is very useful in providing abundant contents of the cultural industry. Among diverse materials, systematizing and specializing materials that have been verified historically and culturally, and linking them with other fields are creating more possibilities. This study is a contemplation on useful methods that expand the range and characteristic by linking with the food culture, based on the placeness that comes from historical facts possessed by the figure. As for the range of the place, the focus was put on the places that are related to Admiral Yi, Sun-sin historically and culturally, and regions that attempted native foods development were selected. Therefore, this study attempted to establish regional identities and contribute to setting effective directions for developing and vitalizing native food brands, by expanding the category of the contents of the historical figure who represents the region.
Analysis on Theme Park Using Experiential Marketing and Sponsorship Marketing : The case of Kidzania
Kwag, Kyoung-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 432~445
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.432
Company cooperates with amusement parks to do experience marketing for it`s product and service. Company can reduce risk from marketing failure and amusement park can get economic support from company. So sponsorship between company and amusement park is `win-win` relationship. This relationship finally makes new paradigm of amusement park industry, named `Kidzania`. This research analyzes experience zone of `Kidzania` using `experience economy` by Pine II, B. Joseph and Gillmore, James H. I`ll find sponsorship management of this amusement park and make a proposal that how to maximize the effect of amusement park.
Strategies to Revitalize BIM(Building Information Modeling) by the Survey Questionnaires from Design Experts in Field of Civil Engineering
Seo, Myoung-Bae ; Ju, Ki-Beom ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 446~457
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.446
Recently, BIM(Building Information Modeling),which has been an issue in construction work, has been focused on as a new alternative of building industry for way out of crisis by slowing down and decreasing of orders in construction industry. Research for introducing BIM to the architectural field is already proceeding actively at home and abroad. However, civil engineering is so nonrecurring, horizontal, and different from regular construction works that it a large amount of information occurs because of wide range of project, which causes construction firms and design engineers to have some questions whether their initial investment cost would work or not and feel uncomfortable with the cost. In this study, technology level in engineering firms were surveyed for adapting BIM to domestic civil engineering. Development direction of BIM standard information model was drawn through awareness change analysis of BIM in civil engineering, as well. Deduced development direction is composed of guide development, system development, deliverable check and international standard proposal. The outcome will be employed as preliminary data for the study on development of infrastructure BIM standard and deliverable check system in civil engineering.
Hierarchical Analysis of the Application of U-Eco City Services in Urban Space -Focused on the Service Classification by Planning Factors and its Spatial Adaptability -
Lee, Sangho ; Leem, Yountaik ; Kim, Heeyoung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 458~468
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.458
The purpose of this study is to define U-Eco City services and to analyze the possibility and easiness of application in urban space. The most significant meaning of this study is that these results could be used as the design and planning guidelines for integrated U-Eco City. This study progress as follows; First, U-Eco City concept and their services were defined and the spatial units of U-Eco City were distinguished through literature review. Second, U-Eco City spaces are classified into four levels such as building, street, facility and district. Finally, the application of U-Eco city services was analyzed together by the statistical technique of cross-tabulation. 35.7% of U-city services was serviced in urban district and 38.8% of Eco City services was applied to Building. U-City and/or Eco city services were adapted differently according to the urban spatial hierarchy. Those services should be applied in terms of the characteristics of urban space in designing and planning U-Eco City.
Determination of Urban-Life Housing Price and Return Ratio by Location
Park, Jin-A ; Woo, Chul-Min ; Baik, Min-Seok ; Shim, Gyo-Eon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 469~481
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.469
The demand for small-sized housing has been increasing due to the recession of real-estate price and the increase of small-sized households. Especially, the demand for affordable housing has been increasing since the style of housing and the location fits the lifestyle of small-sized household. In addition, many investors have been buying it because it has advertised as an investment property holding high-return ratio. However, an empirical analysis about the selling price and the return ratio has not been done yet. Therefore, the purpose of the research is having the empirical analysis based on the selling price and return ration by examining the affordable housing in Seoul. The urban-life housing more than 50 generations of the Seoul was irradiated for the analysis. And the linear regression analysis and PLS(Partial Least Square Regression) analysis was used for the empirical analysis. The result of analysis, based on the linear regression analysis, showed that factors including neighboring housing price and subway catchment area have a significant effect to the determinant factors of housing price. The analysis for return ratio showed neighboring housing price, subway catchment area and amenities affects the ratio. Especially, the fault of using small sample was covered by using the partial least square regression in this research.
Relationship Analysis between Topographic Factors and Land Surface Temperature from Landsat 7 ETM+ Imagery
Lee, Jin-Duk ; Bhang, Kon Joon ; Han, Seung Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 482~491
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.482
Because the satellite imagery can detect the radiative heat from the surface using the thermal IR (TIR) channel, there have been many efforts to verify the relationship between the land surface temperature (LST) and urban heat island. However, the relationship between geomorphological characteristics like surface aspects and LST is relatively less studied. Therefore, the geomorphological elements, for example, surface aspects and surface slopes, are considered to evaluate their effects on the change of the surface temperature distribution using the Landsat 7 ETM+ TIR channel and the possibility of the image to detect anthropogenic heat from the surface. We found that the surface aspect is ignorable but the surface slope with the sun elevation influences on the surface temperature distribution. Also, the radiative heat from the surface to the atmosphere could not be accurately recorded by the satellite image due to the surface slope but the slope correction process used in this study could correct the surface temperature under slope condition and the slope correction, in fact, was not influenced on the average temperature of the surface. The possibility of the anthropogenic heat detection from the surface from the satellite imagery was verified as well.
The Status and the Characteristic of Natural Resources in UNESCO Sacred Natural Site, South Korea -Focusing on the Natural Monument Plants-
Kim, Hyo-Jeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 492~501
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.492
Recently, there has been a increasing interest in Sacred natural sites. Sacred natural sites areas defined as "areas of land or water having special spiritual significance to a specific ethnicity or community. This research studies theoretically about the concept and value, the management principle of Sacred natural sites. In addition, status of the domestic natural monument plants that can applicate the values of the Sacred natural sites were analyzed and its characteristics were scanned. In analysis, 63 natural monument plants could be corresponded also they have biodiversity value, landscape and aesthetic values, cultural values, tour resources values. These are same as the general values of sacred natural sites. This research will contribute as a basis to register of sacred natural sites in korea. This study has the importance that plant of natural monuments of view point that natural sacred sites out of the importance internationally conditions. A follow-up research is required to ascertain natural sacred sites would getting concertely and practical case study.
Semantic Web based Multi-Dimensional Information Analysis System on the National Defense Weapons
Choi, Jung-Hwoan ; Park, Jeong-Ho ; Kim, Pyung ; Lee, Seungwoo ; Jung, Hanmin ; Seo, Dongmin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 502~510
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.502
As defense science and technology are developing, smart weapons are being developed continually. The collection and analysis of the future strategic weapon information from all over the world have become a greater priority because information sharing became active. So, a system to manage and analyze heterogeneous defense intelligence is required. Semantic Web is the next generation knowledge information management technology for integrating, searching and navigating heterogeneous knowledge resource. Recently, Semantic Web is wildly being used in intelligent information management system. Semantic Web supports the analysis with the high reliability because it supports the simple keyword search as well as the semantic based information retrieval. In this paper, we propose the semantic web based multi-dimensional information analysis system on the national defense weapons that constructs ontology for various weapons information such as weapon specifications, nations, manufacturers and technologies and searches and analyses the specific weapon based on ontology. The proposed system supports the semantic search and multi-dimensional information analysis based on the relations between weapon specifications. Also, our system improves the efficiency on acquiring smart weapon information because it is developed with ontology based on military experts` knowledge and various web documents related with various weapons and intelligent search service.
Network Analysis of Green Technology using Keyword of Green Field
Jeong, Dae-Hyun ; Kwon, Oh-Jin ; Kwon, Young-Il ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 511~518
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.511
In this study, the trend in green technology was observed and the domain of the green technology area that will be actively studied in the future was found by establishing knowledge map in green technology area and comparing and analyzing green technology information in Korea and overseas in time series. For the purpose of this study, network analysis was conducted for the keyword of green technology information provided by green technology information portal site (www.gtnet.go.kr) operated by Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information. Network analysis was conducted using keyword, and change of study subject was found by dividing the analysis result into periods. In the result of network analysis on top 100 keywords from total English keyword, it was found that renewable energy related areas such as solar energy and biomass had high centrality. When the main keyword trend by year was studied, centrality of solar cell, nanotechnology, smart grid, and fuel cell were found to increase, showing that research and development in generation and use of renewable energy are actively made.
Analysis of Network Dynamics from the Roman-Fleuve, Togi
Kim, Hak Yong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 519~526
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.519
Human-human interaction network derived from Roman-fleuve, Togi was constructed. The network has a scale free properties as if most social networks do. The Togi is excellent model system for analyzing network dynamics because it has various characters and complex their interactions. The novel is composed of well-separated 5 sections. I constructed 5 different sub-netwotks from each section. As employing k-core algorithm as a useful tool for obtaining a core network from the complex networks, it is possible to obtain hidden and valuable information from a complex network. As gradually extending one section to another one, I constructed 4 different extended networks. The final one is whole network from the Togi. These results provide new insight that is analyzed by network-based approaches for network dynamics from literature, Togi.
Meaning of `Musicing` to the Children -Centered on Comprehensive Musical Activities-
Kim, Soo-Im ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 527~538
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.527
The purpose of this study was to suggest a new direction for the development of children`s music education and to provide a basis for the development of improved music education program for children through the qualitative investigation of what `musicing` means to children on the basis of musical experiences - singing, listening, body expression, learning rhythms and time, playing instruments - in the children`s comprehensive musical activities. The study was carried out from September
, 2011 to November
, 2011, on 15 4-years-old children in Haetnim-class, in S nursery, in the city of D. The observations were recorded in the field and materialized, and the collected materials were categorized and analyzed. The results of the study suggests that `doing music` to children means `making movements,` `sharing emotions through imitation,` `fun activity that one can look forward to,` `musical instruments as playthings,` and `finding `the true me`.
The Effect of Role Conflict, Self Leadership on Teacher`s Psychological Welfare
Jang, Sung-Hwa ; Kwon, Kyung ; Byon, Kil-Hee ; Choi, Sung-Yeol ; Park, Young-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 11, 2012, Pages 539~548
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.11.539
This study investigated the effects of childcare teachers` role conflict and self leadership on psychological welfare. 64 day care centers located in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do were selected as its subjects and correlations and multiple regression analysis were conducted for 260 childcare teachers from the day care centers. The results of this study were as below. First, in terms of the relationships between childcare teachers` role conflict, self-leadership and psychological welfare, it has been shown that correlations of role stress, role ambiguity, action orientedness, constructive thought, and positive welfare were found in all sub-areas except for the sub-variables of natural reward and negative welfare, whereas correlations of role ambiguity, action orientedness, positive welfare were found also in all sub-areas except for the same sub-variables above. Second, after conducting multiple regression analysis, it has been noted that the variables that affected psychological welfare the most were natural reward followed by role ambiguity and role stress, whereas no statistical significance was found in all other sub-variables.