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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
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Neuro-Fuzzy Network-based Depression Diagnosis Algorithm Using Optimal Features of HRV
Zhang, Zhen-Xing ; Tian, Xue-Wei ; Lim, Joon-S. ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.001
This paper presents an algorithm for depression diagnosis using the Neural Network with Weighted Fuzzy Membership functions (NEWFM) and heart rate variability (HRV). In the algorithm, 22 different features were initially extracted from the HRV signal by frequency domain, time domain, wavelet transformed, and Poincar
transformed feature extraction methods; of these 6 optimal features were selected by significance evaluation using Non-overlap Area Distribution Measurement (NADM) based on NEWFM. The proposed algorithm uses these 6 optimal features to diagnose depression with an accuracy of 95.83%.
Reliable Smoke Detection using Static and Dynamic Textures of Smoke Images
Kim, Jae-Min ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 10~18
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.010
Automatic smoke detection systems using a surveillance camera requires a reliable smoke detection method. When an image sequence is captured from smoke spreading over in the air, not only has each smoke image frame a special texture, called static texture, but the difference between two smoke image frames also has a peculiar texture, called dynamic texture. Even though an object has a static texture similar to that of the smoke, its dynamic texture cannot be similar to that of the smoke if its movement differs from the diffraction action of the smoke. This paper presents a reliable smoke detection method using these two textures. The proposed method first detects change regions using accumulated frame difference, and then picks out smoke regions using Haralick features extracted from two textures.
Software Architecture of the Grid for implementing the Cloud Computing of the High Availability
Lee, Byoung-Yup ; Park, Jun-Ho ; Yoo, Jae-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 19~29
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.019
Currently, cloud computing technology is being supplied in various service forms and it is becoming a ground breaking service which provides usage of storage service, data and software while user is not involved in technical background such as physical location of service or system environment. cloud computing technology has advantages that it can use easily as many IT resources as it wants freely regardless of hardware issues required by a variety of systems and service level required by infrastructure. Also, since it has a strength that it can choose usage of resource about business model due to various internet-based technologies, provisioning technology and virtualization technology are being paid attention as main technologies. These technologies are ones of important technology elements which help web-based users approach freely and install according to user environment. Therefore, this thesis introduces software-related technologies and architectures in an aspect of grid for building up high availability cloud computing environment by analysis about cloud computing technology trend.
Distributed File Systems Architectures of the Large Data for Cloud Data Services
Lee, Byoung-Yup ; Park, Jun-Ho ; Yoo, Jae-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 30~39
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.030
In these day, some of IT venders already were going to cloud computing market, as well they are going to expand their territory for the cloud computing market through that based on their hardware and software technology, making collaboration between hardware and software vender. Distributed file system is very mainly technology for the cloud computing that must be protect performance and safety for high levels service requests as well data store. This paper introduced distributed file system for cloud computing and how to use this theory such as memory database, Hadoop file system, high availability database system. now In the market, this paper define a very large distributed processing architect as a reference by kind of distributed file systems through using technology in cloud computing market.
Extracting and Visualizing Dispute comments and Relations on Internet Forum Site
Lee, Yun-Jung ; Jung, In-Joon ; Woo, Gyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 40~51
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.040
Recently, many users discuss and argue with others using replying comments. This implies that a series of comments can be a new source of information since various opinions can be appeared in the dispute. It is important to understand the implicit dispute structure immanent in the comment set. In this paper, we examine the characteristics of disputes using replying comments in the Internet forum sites using a set of test articles with the comments collected from SketicalLeft and Agora, which are famous Internet forum sites in Korea. And we propose a new method for detecting and visualizing the dispute sections and relations from a large set of replying comments. To show the performance of our method, we measured precision, recall, and F-measure. According to the experimental results, the F-measures of the detection of the comments in dispute are about 0.84 (SketpcialLeft) and 0.83 (Agora); those of the detection of the commenter pairs in dispute are 0.75 (SketpcialLeft) and 0.82 (Agora), respectively. Since our method exploits the temporal order of commenters to detect the disputes, it is not dependent on the host language nor on the typos in comments. Also, our method can help the readers to grasp the structure of controversy hidden in the comment set through the visualized view.
Digital Costume Platform for the Expansion of Stage Representation Technology using LEDs
Oh, Seung-Won ; Hahn, Min-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 52~59
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.052
Recently, LEDs are used in various fields such as lightings, billboards, displays, and so on. In this paper, we tried to combine a costume with LEDs in a performance environment. To meet the environmental requirements, we propose a digital costume platform which consists of wireless network, an embedded system, a control jacket, a digital skin, and a pattern authoring tool. It is utilized for making a digital costume with LED lighting effects. The embedded system controls LED lighting according to the signals from a show control system through wireless networks. The control jacket can carry the embedded system and connect it with LEDs. The digital skin means a costume with LEDs. The LEDs were designed to fit in performance concept in point of aesthetic. The pattern authoring tool enables users to make timeline-based changing patterns of LED lighting. The proposed platform is a new lighting element in performances. It can expand stage representation techniques and be used as a special effect. It will play a role as a moving light in performances. We evaluated stable operations of our platform by employing it in live performances.
Design and Implementation of a Distributed Rendering Management System for Special Purpose Renderer
Lee, In ; Kang, Kyung-Kyu ; Jung, Yu-Gu ; Lee, Jae-Woon ; Kim, Dong-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 60~68
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.060
This paper describes design and implementation of a distributed rendering management system using existing rendering module. Currently, most of 3D commercial software provide modeling, rendering and distributed environment in the whole package. So, the server and client should use the given renderer as is, without the required features. In this paper, we propose a distributed rendering management system that consist of rendering module and distributed rendering client-server. The rendering module can be executed independently and managed by the distributed rendering client. The server requests rendering for each connected client. After the execution, the server gathers rendering result from each client. After gathering, the server provides the rendering result to the user.
Public Key Infrastructure of Electronic Bidding System using the Fingerprint Information
Park, So-Ah ; Chae, Cheol-Joo ; Cho, Han-Jin ; Lee, Jae-Kwang ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 69~77
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.069
In the case of the password-based PKI technology, because it protects by using the password which is easy that user memorizes the private key, he has the problem about the password exposure. In addition, in the system of electronic bidding, the illegal use using the authentic certificate of the others increases. Recently, in order to solve this problem, the research about the PKI technology using the biometrics is actively progressed. If the bio information which the user inputs for the bio authentication is converted to the template, the digest access authentication in which the security is strengthened than the existing authentication technology can be built. Therefore, in this paper, we had designed and developed the system of electronic bidding which it uses the most widely used fingerprint information in the biometrics, it stores the user fingerprint information and certificate in the fingerprint security token and can authenticate the user. In case of using the system of electronic bidding of the public key infrastructure using the fingerprint information proposed in this paper the agent bid problem that it uses the certificate of the others in not only user authentication intensification but also system of electronic bidding can be concluded.
Development of 3D Terrain Tools which Improves a Picking Speed using Cross Detection
Kim, Sung-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 78~85
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.078
This paper proposes an efficient algorithm to develop a 3D terrain tools which is essential in the development of 3D computer games. In particular, this paper proposes a cross detection technique to improve picking speed. In other words, this paper proposes a more efficient cross detection technique consisting of a ray and a parallelogram than a cross detection technique consisting of a ray and a triangle. So, we can confirm the faster picking speed. This paper uses a picking example among DirectX SDK samples to test it. In addition, this paper compares the number of function calls for cross detection using the existing techniques and the proposed technique. As a result, in this paper the proposed technique has fallen off to about a 50 percent than the existing techniques. And if it is calculated by times, in this paper the proposed technique was reduced to 1 to 2 seconds than the existing techniques. Additionally, in this paper 3D terrain tools are provide more improved algorithms for features such as texture splatting, height map control, object arrangement and realistic water effect. So, 3D terrain tools is available efficient in the development of real 3d computer games.
Mobile Application UI Design for TV Broadcasting Content Recommendation
Son, Hee-Jeong ; Choe, Jong-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 86~93
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.086
The emergence of cable TV, satellite broadcasting and IPTV provides viewers with a variety of TV programs. However, viewers` desire for watching their favorite TV program at convenient time has increased because of insufficient spare time. As an increase in smart phone market has accelerated an entry into "the age of smart network media" since 2009, mobile media suggests services connected to other digital devices. Recently, there has been growing interest in TV controling system of smart phone. Therefore, the present study aims to provide an concept of the smart phone application which recommends contents of TV program by analyzing personal watching pattern. To suggest detailed direction of the interaction and UI design, we analyzed previous research and examples of TV controlling applications and products. In addition, public opinion survey was carried out to rationalize this study and suggest suitable UI structure.
Factors Influencing the Use Intention of Mobile-Blog
Sun, Ang ; Mun, Young-Ju ; Lee, Jong-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 94~104
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.094
A research model was created in order to explore the factors on use intention based on Technology Acceptance Model and considered factors of Mobile-Blog Characteristics (Participation, Sharedness, Immediacy) and factors of Mobile-User Characteristics(Innovativeness, Familiarity). With 165 people as specimens for empirical analysis, The results were as follows: first, factors of Mobile-Blog Characteristics had a positive influence upon Perceived Ease of Use and Perceived Usefulness. second, factors of Mobile-User Characteristics had a positive influence upon Perceived ease and Perceived usefulness. third, Perceived ease had a positive influence upon Perceived usefulness and Perceived ease and Perceived usefulness had a positive influence upon use intention. This study suggested the strategic implications to promote customers use intention after analyzing the critical factors that mobile-blog made influence on them.
Weighted Disassemble-based Correction Method to Improve Recognition Rates of Korean Text in Signboard Images
Lee, Myung-Hun ; Yang, Hyung-Jeong ; Kim, Soo-Hyung ; Lee, Guee-Sang ; Kim, Sun-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 105~115
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.105
In this paper, we propose a correction method using phoneme unit segmentation to solve misrecognition of Korean Texts in signboard images using weighted Disassemble Levenshtein Distance. The proposed method calculates distances of recognized texts which are segmented into phoneme units and detects the best matched texts from signboard text database. For verifying the efficiency of the proposed method, a database dictionary is built using 1.3 million words of nationwide signboard through removing duplicated words. We compared the proposed method to Levenshtein Distance and Disassemble Levenshtein Distance which are common representative text string comparison algorithms. As a result, the proposed method based on weighted Disassemble Levenshtein Distance represents an improvement in recognition rates 29.85% and 6% on average compared to that of conventional methods, respectively.
Lee Chang Dong : Film Making as a `Repetition` Creating Ethics
Lee, Hyun-Seung ; Song, Jeang-Ah ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 116~126
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.116
As a film maker, Lee Chang Dong stands out from most Korean film makers who work within the trappings of genre films. To be sure, Lee has also used the trappings of genre films, such as noire and melodrama, but primarily as a tool to communicate with film audience. In his most recent film "Poetry", Lee seems to have even stripped even the minimal trappings of genre film. Lee commands the audience to self-reflect and work towards their own conclusions by denying them the illusory identification on screen. In this way, Lee`s works are counter cinema. Lee achieves a distancing effect using such filmic apparatuses as hand-held camera, fantasy, mise en abyme, and returned gaze. Through these filmic apparatuses, Lee exposes the re-presentation of text and compels his audience to see the historical and political contexts of the text. In this study, I make the case that Lee Chang Dong`s film making is an act of repetition compulsion that cultivates ethical reflection, through symbolization of the invisible realities.
Effect of Charade Techniques on a Character`s Personality Development : Focusing on the Movie "April Story"
Kim, Seong-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 127~141
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.127
With the help of information technology for a film, characteris both the composition of the story and one of the most important elements that lead the story. Character has a close relationship with personality description, and the character`s age, background, education, and occupation help decide his or her personality. Charades are important in that by describing a character`s psychology using charade techniques, it gives a stronger impression than by describing with merely lines or narration. When a man`s thought changes, their behavior changes; when a behavior is repeated, it becomes habit; when a habit is repeated, it becomes nature. The nature is the person`s personality, otherwise called character. Therefore, charade techniques describe a character`s psychology well, and consequently, it has maintained its importance. Because human nature and in-depth psychological description have a connection with a character`s personality development, I would like to discuss the topic through this research. By using Director Shunji Iwai`s "April Story" as the text, the effects of charade techniques on a character`s personality development in film will be analyzed by seeking and presenting the methodology shown within the work through charade-acting techniques used by the characters for the development of character`s personality.
Competitiveness of Cable TV in the Multiplatform Media Marketplace
Ryu, Seung-Kwan ; An, Su-Keon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 142~153
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.142
This study investigated a current situation of cable TV in order to seek and suggest cable TV`s competitive superiority in the era of multiplatform media marketplace. This study suggested cable TV`s direction from two aspects, short-term and mid and long-term strategies. As a result, it recommended that cable TV industry need to establish content circulation representatives, and reinforce multiformat contents suitable for various multiplatform uses, digital cable promotion, production of SO`s originated programs, HD VOD, bundling services and diverse programs. As a long-term strategy, this study also suggested cable TV industry need to cooperate with smart TV industry in order to widen openness of its platform, and to provide not only diverse contents but also applications by offering two-way, mobile, and on-demand contents and services. Finally, this study proposed cable TV is needed to move towards a comprehensive media portal, which is a contents aggregator with the aforementioned business strategies.
Visual Language for the Media Acting
Ko, Hyun-Wook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 154~162
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.154
Facial expression and gesture of the actors can be magnified or understated depending on the size of the camera framing. The direction, quality, and quantity of the lighting can also make the actors look different. That`s why we have to deliberate how to photograph the actors who will be projected on the screen. This thesis shows the way of improving performance and emphasizing each character with camera and lighting. You will also find out how visual elements influence the actors and their performances.
Archetype and Adaptation of the Heroic Narrative Structure in NHK Drama Yoshitune -Focused on Hero`s Journey by Joseph Campbell
Choi, Jung-Eun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 163~172
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.163
The hero is in the TV drama`s long. TV drama Heroes historical blip on the public`s desire to delegate to the body and its functions as an intensive, which have a specific period drama that soars like a hero`s welcome and it is the communication between the viewer a sense of contemporary popular devices that can be separated. This study today, the various cultural areas which are becoming popular in Japan`s historical hero `Yoshitune` a heroic drama, the hero`s narrative research stories In the analysis occupies an important place in the Joseph Campbell`s 17 steps of heroic narrative, based on analysis achetype and adaptation. Campbell, 11 of the 17 stage dramas to apply different levels, and the omission of two steps, and shows a variation of the four stages, in order to relaunch the popular culture as the content selection and a constant strain was able to find out that you need.
Use and Perception of the Video Contents as Teaching Materials
Choi, Kyung-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 173~181
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.173
The education method using visual materials such as video contents is getting more attentions in the education field. This study researched how undergraduate students perceive the objective of education method utilizing video contents, what types of education using video contents they put a great importance on, and what kinds of correlations exist between the video contents method and the ability of discussing about a topic in essay-type examinations. With in-depth interviews with undergraduate students, the results showed that video contents was perceived as one of the attractive teaching methods increasing students` comprehension of lectures. Also, students evaluated that the video contents method could provide an opportunity to be exposed to the vivid scene of the journalistic environment and make them learn practical cases at second hand. Moreover, they perceived the video contents method as a very effective learning method improving their ability to discuss about a topic in essay-type exams.
Linguistic Analysis of Human Sensibility in Various Pictorial Images
Noh, Yeon-Sook ; Har, Dong-Hwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 182~195
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.182
Pictorial Images are often used when persuading someone, since people believe that photographs tell us what happened in reality. This paper aims to strengthen the role of pictorial images as a powerful method of persuasion through interpolating sensibility, which is a key factor in decision making, into the pictorial images. This paper analyses the structure of sensibility in pictorial images, in order to draw out specific factors that arouse positive impression. Furthermore, intensional meanings were given to various factors that compose the sensibility of pictorial images, and the factors are prioritized to enhance applicability. Recognitions of the sensibility in pictorial images differ due to diverse variables, but the photographed subjects themselves and the specific attributes of picture quality are the primary factors that influence the recognition. In order to achieve general and detailed results, broadly selected shooting subjects and images that have various picture quality attributes.
Representation Contents of Basic Design Elements in Patterns of Fashion Design
Cho, Jung-Mee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 196~207
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.196
This paper aims to study the representation of basic design elements in patterns of fashion design by analyzing the examples and trends of how basic design elements have been represented in major collections of fashion designers, thereby contribute to enhancing the awareness of the importance of basic design elements in the field of fashion design education. In order to accomplish this goal, utilizing the fundamental concepts and principles of basic design elements, we have analyzed the examples and trends of representation of basic design elements, focusing on the design works of fashion designers from the 2000 collections to the 2010 collections that can be viewed to have been directly inspired by three basic design elements. The result of the analysis shows that there was a popular trend of emphasizing basic design elements as a design motif particularly from the 2000 s/s collections to the 2004 s/s collections. In these collections, we have found a wide range of design works that were inspired by the three basic design elements of dots, lines, and faces. Designers such as Jil Sander, Bill Blass, ..., etc. produced diverse designs that emphasized dots with various feeling of space, weight and texture. The collections by I.S.Suano Kuwahar, ..., etc. were based on the concept of coordinating the design element of lines with various textures. Vestium Officina, Loewe, ..., etc. produced the designs where faces were divided by lines in various ways and various forms of faces were decorated with diverse colors.
Relationship among Social Exchange Point of View and Customer Citizenship behavior in the Festival Participants` Perception -Focused on the Boryeong Mud Festival-
You, Do-Jae ; Jeon, Jeong-Ah ; Song, Min-Su ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 208~221
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.208
The purpose of this study is to investigate the antecedent variables of customer citizenship behavior selected by a social exchange point of view on the Boryeong Mud Festival. Of all the questionnaires collected, 239 were included in the analysis which was performed using SPSS. Date analysis method used to frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis and canonical correlation analysis. As the results of the canonical correlation analysis between the customer citizenship behavior and the social exchange point of view, there was a significant relationship between the attributes of customer citizenship behavior - loyalty, cooperation, Participation and social exchange point of view - customer satisfaction, customer confidence, perceived support of customers, justice perception. Therefore, marketing practitioner should recognize the importance of customer`s perception in the service circumstance and make a managerial effort to offer the best service to customer. The result of this paper may help local festival planner and marketers for festival marketing strategy.
Effect of Male Spouses` Bicultural Stress, Communication and Their Marital Satisfaction in Multi race ＆ Culture Family
Jung, Eui-Jung ; Ha, Kyu-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 222~231
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.222
In order determine potential correlations of multicultural family`s male spouses` bicultural stress and communication with their marital satisfaction, this study surveyed male spouses of foreign female participants in a variety of multicultural family assistance programs available at national marital immigrants assistance centers and healthy family assistance centers of Korea, The results of this survey can be summed up as follows: First, with regard to subordinate categories of bicultural stress, it was found that cultural shock (M
Effect of Psychological Well-being, Empathy Ability Scale and Job Efficiency on Teacher`s Job Satisfaction
Hwang, In-Ho ; Jang, Sung-Hwa ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 232~242
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.232
The purpose of this study was to analyze the multiple regression between the psychological well-being, Empathy ability Scale and Job Efficiency at relationship among on Teacher`s job satisfaction among elementary, middle, high the whole country. It aims to find a method that can improve teacher`s job satisfaction. The subjects for this study were 308 teacher`s composed of 196 out of elementary school teachers, 62 out of middle school teachers and 50 out of high school nation wide. The result and discussion are as follows:First, if we take a look teacher`s psychological well-being, Empathy ability Scale and Job Efficiency autonomy and school administration, compensation system, personal growth and school administration, compensation system, working environment, purpose of life and school administration, positive interpersonal relationships, self acceptance among subordinate variables of psychological well-being, empathy ability scale, job efficiency of teachers at are all relevant to of subordinate variables except compensation system. Second, as a result of the multiple regression analysis, the significant variables which affect teacher`s job satisfaction are ranked in the order of human relationships, self acceptance, emotional factors. whole all variables are not significant.
Influence of Depression on Psychological Death Anxiety of the Elderly: Moderate Effect of Self-esteem
Oh, Se-Geun ; Cho, Joon ; Kim, Young-Hee ; Choi, Jung-Min ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 243~254
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.243
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the depression and death anxiety of The Elderly, to explore the moderate effect of self-esteem on those relationship and to suggest practical implications for social work services for those the elderly. Data for this study were collected through the use of a survey instrument completed by 146 samples over 60 years of age. Collected data were analysed by moderated multiple regression. The findings of this study were as follows: First, this study provided clear evidence that the depression was very important variable which affected on death anxiety of The Elderly. Second, the self-esteem had moderate effect on relationship between depression and death anxiety. Based on these findings, the research discussion reinforced the importance of depression management, self-esteem and suggested effective intervention programs.
Analysis for Survival Factors in the Cultural Contents Industry
Kim, Tae-Hun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 255~264
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.255
This paper analyzes the survival rate of small & medium size-cultural contents industry, which includes printing, broadcasting, advertising, entertainment, other manufactures, and so on, by using survival analysis. In this article, after testing significance among characteristic factors and survival rate and hazard rate were estimated The results of the analysis are as follows: There are some significants differences among industries in details. Also there are some significants differences by region, by the number of employees, by financial status, and working periods of CEOs. The contribution of this study is to apply the method of survival analysis to the cultural contents industry in Korea.
Effects of Social Commerce Attributes on the Trust, Flow and Loyalty
Sun, Zeng-Jun ; Mun, Young-Ju ; Lee, Jong-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 265~275
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.265
This study is based on the results from the previous one. It proved that reputation, price and ease of use, entertainment are the major attributes of social commerce. Research model and hypotheses by using the trust and flow as mediator, loyalty is the dependent variable and the items as moderator. The results were as follows: First, reputation and price have positive effects on trust. Second, all attributes of social commerce have positive effect on flow, except for the ease of use. Third, the trust has positive effect on flow. Fourth, the trust and flow has positive effect on loyalty. The last, the attributes of social commerce have significant difference in trust and flow according to different products. The results of this study presented the strategic implications for operators at social commerce area.
Improve the Administrative Death Investigation System
Kim, Heon-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 276~283
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.276
Current Administrative Death investigation system is have many problems. Almost local governor don`t exercise about administrative death investigation authority. Thus, prosecutors have to many decisions about judicial death investigation authority. Consequently, these vicious cycle is repeated. There is not clear regulations about scope for judicial death investigation. Discussed in this paper improve the Administrative Death investigation system are as follows : First, the uniform act of death investigation is have to legislated. Second, the scope for death investigation is clearly legalized. Medical examiner is must administrative death investigation according to the law. Also prosecutor can order to judicial autopsy to medic examiner. Third, Administrative Death investigation rules should be clarified. Introduce a Medical Examiner System Korean Administrative Death Investigation system centered on prosecutor and judicature who are not a specialist in pathology or forensic medicine. Lacking in professional understanding cause less accuracy of Administrative Death Investigation. To overcome limitations and problems of our Administrative Death Investigation system is suggested to introduce a Medical Examiner system.
Content Analysis of Case Study Research on the Crisis Management in Korea
Lee, Ju-Ho ; Ahn, Hye-Won ; Ryu, Sang-Il ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 284~291
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.284
This study is to present development plan for next study on applying the method of case study by applying scientific inference focusing on analysis and generalization of case study or study question about the tendency of thesis for case study of the field of crisis management released since 2004. As the result of analysis, the study on crisis management of Korea is almost individual technical case study and it is rarely to get proper study which can contribute theoretical formation for development of individual course of crisis management. Furthermore researchers are required to study in-depth about study plan that presents organization of study or logic of case selection and formality for data analysis.
Interrelationship between Organizational Culture, Empowerment and Trust
Kim, Young-Chun ; Chung, Min-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 292~300
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.292
This study was carried out in order to verify the influence that social welfare trust organizational culture and level of empowerment. The study object 656 copies of guns were used to analysis to social worker engaged in to the community welfare agency, old man welfare agency, disabled welfare agency which was social welfare use facilities. Organizational culture and empowerment as it was for an independent variable analyzed correlation to trust and executed regression analysis to grasp a degree of an influence to be mad to trust. Research result, first, Organizational culture appeared to what I affected to trust social group culture, development cultural artist and second, Level of empowerment of social worker appeared to what I affected to trust own a task meaning result and self-determination. There`s social welfare is organized in order to improve social welfare gratitude confidence, and it is group culture and development culture, and an level of empowerment to recognize a social welfare private house gives meaning anger to a task and self-determination had to heighten it.
Effect of Organizational Structure Variable on Social Welfare`s dual commitment to Organization and Career by Parallel Model
Kang, Jong-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 301~309
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.301
Prior research has shown empirically that organizational and career commitment may also be highly compatible with each other. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of social welfare`s organizational structure variable on the dual commitment to the organization and career. Dual commitment is analyzed by using multiple regression analysis of parallel model. For the research, organizational structure was consisted of complexity, formalization and decentralization. The results showed that social worker have high correlation to organizational commitment and career commitment. Especially, decentralization and complexity have a positive effects on the dual commitment to organizational and career commitment. This study finally discusses theoretical implications for future study and practical implications for structure design strategies on the results.
Establishment of Collaborative Governance for North Korean Refugees` Settlement Support Service
Kim, Sung-Jong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 310~321
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.310
This study was conducted to establish collaborative governance for North Korean Refugees` settlement support service. Three major actors were identified. At the central government level, there is no control center to coordinate various functions. This study suggested three roles for central government in collborative governance, which are policy planning based on public value, allocating financial resources to implementing organizations, and program evaluation for securing public accountability. The rloes of local government are establishing communication channels between implementing participants, maintenancing good relations, and coordination. Finally, the role of private actors is developing high quality service programs, connecting local resources for settlement service.
Effect on the Work Satisfaction and Continuance Will by Volunteer`s Job Characteristics
Kang, Jong-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 322~330
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.322
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of the volunteer`s job characteristics in university student on their volunteering satisfaction and continuance will. Based on Hackman and Oldham`s theory of core job characteristics, this study analyzed 261 university students in Gangwon-do by survey. The results of this study are summarized as follows: The volunteering participation ratio of university student is 71.6%. volunteer`s job characteristics, volunteering satisfaction and continuance will is showed lower level. And skill variety, task identity and feedback among Hackman and Oldham`s 5 core job characteristics show positive influence on volunteering satisfaction, and skill variety, task indentity, task significance and feedback show positive influence on continuance will. As a result, volunteer`s satisfaction and continuance will depended on the job characteristics. Therefore, to assure volunteer`s satisfaction and continuance will, redesign for volunteer`s job characteristics.
Compare of Graded Load Exercise on Cardiopulmonary Function and Energy Metabolism of Normal Persons and Stroke Patients
Kim, Ji-Hye ; Yeom, Ju-No ; Ryu, In-Tae ; Lim, Chae-Gil ; Hwang, Byong-Yong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 331~338
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.331
The purpose of this study is to investigate the cardiopulmonary function and the energy metabolism of stroke patients and normal persons of graded load exercise using lower ergometer. Targeting 11 normal persons(male: 6, female: 5) and 9 stroke patients (male: 4, female: 5), an graded load exercise was performed with the use of lower ergometer by increasing 25 watts every 6 minute and Quark
were used for the cardiopulmonary function and the energy metabolism. With respect to normal persons, there were significant increases in the phase of graded load exercise, maximum oxygen uptake time, exercise time with respect to the cardiopulmonary function. In addition, there was a significant correlation between cardiopulmonary function and energy metabolism, but there was no significant difference energy metabolism. As a result, there were no significant differences between stroke patients and normal persons of the cardiopulmonary function and the energy metabolism within 18 minutes, but it had significant differences between maximum oxygen uptake and exercise time. Moreover, it was possible to identify that the cardiopulmonary function and the energy metabolism of stroke patients and normal persons are related with maximum oxygen uptake.
Extract of Listeria monocytogenes Induces the Apoptosis on the Human Promyelocytic Leukemia Cells, HL-60 Cells
Yang, Eun-Ju ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Chang, Jeong-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 339~348
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.348
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. Although all-trans retionic acid (ATRA) is the agents for ALP therapy, there are various side effects. For overcome this problem, we need the development of new therapeutic agents for APL. A number of bacteria produce various virulence factors with cytotoxic effects on human cancer cells. To understand the anti-cancer effect of Listeria monocytogenes on APL, we examined alteration of the cell viability, apoptosis and cell cycle arrest of the human promyelocytic leukemia cell line, HL-60 cells. The cell supernatant (LmSup) and the extract of L. monocytogenes (LmE) inhibited the cell viability and induced apoptosis of HL-60 cells. These cytotoxic effect of LmSup and LmE mediated by modulation of cell cycle and ROS production. These results indicate that released or included bacterial molecules from L. monocytogenes have a cytotoxicity in HL-60 cells. Therefore, LmSup and LmE may be used as the potential target for the treatment of cancer induced by HL-60 cells.
Doctors` Perception and Intention of the U-healthcare Service
Lee, Yun-Kyung ; Park, Ji-Yun ; Rho, Mi-Jung ; Wang, Bo-Ram ; Choi, In-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 349~357
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.349
Although u-healthcare service is emerged as an alternative method for effective chronic disease management services, the service has not yet been applied for real healthcare setting. The objective of this study is to explore the doctors` perception and influential factors on intention to use u-healthcare service. We conducted survey for physicians about u-healthcare service provision to compare characteristics by different groups. In addition, logistic regression analysis is conducted to find out factors affecting the usage intention. As a result, doctors responded only 16.0% of total respondents had experience of u-healthcare services, but also showed that as high as 70.1% had intention to use service. Also, respondents answered that u-healthcare services is appropriate to apply for chronic disease prevention and diabetes and hypertension are suggested as the most appropriate diseases in order. The intention to use the u-healthcare service by non-university hospital doctors was 3.7 times higher than university hospital doctor. This study shows that identifying the differences of doctors` awareness and also the intention to use about the u-healthcare services will contribute to develop more effective business model.
Factors Affecting on Physical Activity Levels of Community-dwelling Older Adults in Korea
Oh, Doo-Nam ; Kim, Seon-Ho ; Chung, Mi-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 358~368
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.358
The purpose of this study was to discover the factors affecting on physical activity levels of community-dwelling older adults in Korea. The data was analyzed on 12,322 older adults, aged 65 or above, from the 2008 National Elderly Survey. The results of this study were as follows: First, 29.9% of older men and 46.4% of older women were classified as physically inactivity. Second, age(OR
Effects of External Environment and Organizational Resources and Capabilities on Strategy and Performance: An evidence from an analysis on ventures
Song, Woo-Yong ; Hwang, Kyung-Yun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 369~387
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.369
Based on the survey data, this study focused venture firms examines how organizational resources and capabilities along with its external environmental conditions have an effect on its strategy and performance. In particular, this article attempts, by performing a binary logistic regression analysis, to identify the venture-specific importance and priority of the factors that may influence firms` strategy patterns, with multiple regression analysis on the relationships between some variables included in the model. The survey was conducted from October 1, 2010 through October 30, 2010. The results of this study are the following. First, the more firms are exposed to high industry growth and low competitive intensity, the higher chance they get to pursuit aggressive strategy. And then a firm seeks aggressive strategy, when it has more technological resources and human resources. Third, environmental uncertainty, industry growth, technological resources, human resources, financial resources and marketing capabilities have positive effects on firm`s performance. But, competitive intensity has no direct influence firm`s performance. Finally, CEO competence directly influences firm`s performance, but the interaction. of CEO competence with other variables is not significant.
KOSDAQ Firm`s Cyber IR Activity and Stock Price Behavior
Song, Myung-Gyu ; Cho, Jun-Hee ; Kim, Chan-Jung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 388~397
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.388
Recently, KOSDAQ company`s cyber IR activities has increased. Major advantages offered by the Internet include low cost and high accessibility the Internet is used as a strategic tool of many KOSDAQ companies in IR activity. Thus, this study tried to empirically analyze the overall impact of cyber IR. And this study examine the difference in impact of cyber IR activity on stock prices in the period before and after depending on ownership structure and venture or not. The main result of the study can be summarized as follows. First, IR activities have a positive impact on KOSDAQ firms stock price. This means that the investors are recognizing IR activity of KOSDAQ firm as a good news. Second, The lower stock ownership have great impact on stock prices. The act of reporting and monitoring system are performing effectively to lower stock ownership as compared with higher stock ownership. Third, The return rate of KOSDAQ venture firms with IR enforcement effect appears high than KOSDAQ firms with IR enforcement.
Effect of Perceived Supervisor Support on In-Role and Extra-Role Performance: The Mediating Role of Job-Based Psychological Ownership
Chah, Dong-Ok ; Hong, Kwon-Pyo ; Chang, Je-Wook ; Park, Sung-Hyun ; Kang, Geum-Won ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 398~410
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.398
This study aims to investigate the effect of perceived supervisor support(PSS) on employees` in-role and extra-role performance by examining the mediating role of job-based psychological ownership(JBPO). Data were collected from 269 employees from a variety of companies. Both regression analysis and structural equation modeling were used. Previous research has found a positive relationship between PSS and job performance. However, empirical analysis has not yet demonstrated PSS-performance relationships mediated through JBPO. Thus, this study investigated this mediation in predicting in-role and extra-role performance. In the current study, JBPO was found to fully mediate the relationship between PSS and in-role performance and to partially mediate the relationship between PSS and extra-role performance. Future discussions and practical implications are discussed.
Determinants of Trust in Power Blogs and Their Effect on Purchase Intention
Yun, Hae-Jung ; Ahn, Seung-Hye ; Lee, Choong-C. ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 411~419
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.411
This study is focusing on factors influencing trust in power blogs, and the effect of trust on users` attitude and purchase intention. The research model is based on the theory of online trust formation process and content quality. The statistical analysis was conducted through the survey of 122 power blog users. Research findings show that scope, accuracy, uniqueness, links, quality of wring, and reputation of power blogs significantly affect trust. Also, trust was found to have a significant influence on the users` attitude and purchasing intention on products/services.
Advertising Strategies of Incongruent Extension Product : Focused on Difference of Adult and Children
Huh, Jong-Ho ; Park, Seung-Bae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 420~428
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.420
Previous researches on advertising type of extension product have limitations in focusing on adult and simplifying advertising type of extension product as elaborational/relational ad. This study expands to children and subdivides advertising type of extension product by elaborational/relational/elaborational-relational ad. Based on these experimental setting, this study investigates the effects of interaction between age and advertising type in incongruent brand extension. The results show that adult`s evaluation on incongruent extension product is the most favorable in elaborational-relational ad. On the other hand, children`s evaluation on incongruent extension product is the most favorable in elaborational ad. Based on these findings, theoretical and practical implication and future direction are discussed.
Relation among Organization Citizenship Behavior, Organization Commitment and Customer Orientation of Casino Employees
Lee, Jin-Young ; Lee, Chae-Eun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 429~438
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.429
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of organization citizenship behavior of casino employees and organization commitment, organization commitment and customer orientation, organization citizenship behavior and customer orientation. In order to analyze data of this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted with employees of casino in Gangwon-do. This study considers organization citizenship behavior of casino employees and examines the method of enhancement of organization citizenship behavior, organization commitment and customer orientation for development of casino industry. The results of the study were as follows. First, organization citizenship behavior had a statistically significant effect on citizenship, sportsmanship. Second, organization commitment had a statistically significant effect on customer orientation. Third, altruism and sportsmanship had statistically significant effects on customer orientation, citizenship had a statistically significant effect on satisfaction of customer need, conscientious action had a statistically significant effect on customer reception service.
Effects of Tourism Marketing Communication on Destination Brand Equity
Ryu, Jae-Sook ; Lim, Jae-Pil ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 439~452
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.439
This study is to analyse which tourism marketing communication influences on the tourism destination brand equity. Three factors of advertising, publicity, and the words of mouth of tourism destinations were set as tourism marketing communication in order to understand effects of tourism marketing communication on tourism destination brand equity, and tourism destination brand equity was deducted as three factors of brand awareness, brand image, and brand loyalty in order to understand each influential relationship. As a result of empirical analysis, advertising and publicity of tourism destination have positive influence on brand image and words of mouth about tourism destination has positive influence on all brand awareness and brand image. Brand awareness and brand image both have significant effect on brand loyalty, and it was verified that words of mouth about tourism destination among factors of tourism marketing communication has the highest influence.
Developing Model of Food Cultural Contents for Smartphone Application
Choi, Jung-Hee ; Lee, Young-Mi ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 453~460
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.453
Food tourism has grown exponentially every year and food is now considered a vital component of the tourism experience. In recent years, smartphone applications have emerged as a new tool helping travelers create experiences, which allow a number of users to access easily informations about foods while traveling abroad. This study propose a new developing model of food cultural contents for smartphone application for international travelers, `menu guide for international travelers`. It was created by a group of experts in food culture, who had been lived or are living in 10 different countries, and the collective intelligence enabled to create extensive and reliable food cultural contents. Therefore, it is considered that this developing model of food cultural contents will be a good example for the development of mobile contents for smartphone applications.
Busan Housing Market Dynamics Analysis with ESDA using MATLAB Application
Chung, Kyoun-Sup ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 461~471
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.461
The purpose of this paper is to visualize the housing market dynamics with ESDA (Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis) using MATLAB toolbox, in terms of the modeling housing market dynamics in the Busan Metropolitan City. The data are used the real housing price transaction records in Busan from the first quarter of 2006 to the second quarter of 2009. Hedonic house price model, which is not reflecting spatial autocorrelation, has been a powerful tool in understanding housing market dynamics in urban housing economics. This study considers spatial autocorrelation in order to improve the traditional hedonic model which is based on OLS(Ordinary Least Squares) method. The study is, also, investigated the comparison in terms of
, Sigma Square(
), Likelihood(LR) among spatial econometrics models such as SAR(Spatial Autoregressive Models), SEM(Spatial Errors Models), and SAC(General Spatial Models). The major finding of the study is that the SAR, SEM, SAC are far better than the traditional OLS model, considering the various indicators. In addition, the SEM and the SAC are superior to the SAR.
Data Mining Tool for Stock Investors` Decision Support
Kim, Sung-Dong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 472~482
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.472
There are many investors in the stock market, and more and more people get interested in the stock investment. In order to avoid risks and make profit in the stock investment, we have to determine several aspects using various information. That is, we have to select profitable stocks and determine appropriate buying/selling prices and holding period. This paper proposes a data mining tool for the investors` decision support. The data mining tool makes stock investors apply machine learning techniques and generate stock price prediction model. Also it helps determine buying/selling prices and holding period. It supports individual investor`s own decision making using past data. Using the proposed tool, users can manage stock data, generate their own stock price prediction models, and establish trading policy via investment simulation. Users can select technical indicators which they think affect future stock price. Then they can generate stock price prediction models using the indicators and test the models. They also perform investment simulation using proper models to find appropriate trading policy consisting of buying/selling prices and holding period. Using the proposed data mining tool, stock investors can expect more profit with the help of stock price prediction model and trading policy validated on past data, instead of with an emotional decision.
An e-Book Interface by Providing Visual Information of Hypertext Structure Will be Affect Learning Comprehension and Usability According to Learner`s Learning Preferences
Sung, Eun-Mo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 483~496
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.483
The purpose of this study is to examine difference of information processing style on lesson comprehension scores and usability ratings in e-Learning containing visual information structure. To address this goal, 68 university students were participated in this research. They were asked information processing style test, lesson comprehension test, and usability ratings after completed e-Learning lesson. According to the result, there was not significant difference between visual and verbal information process style on lesson comprehension as learn outcomes. However, students who are visual information processing style were significantly higher ratings than students who are verbal information processing style on 4 of 8 usability scales; awareness of lesson structure, awareness of lesson length, ease of navigation, and ease of lesson learning. These result indicate that there will be needed the design of aptitude treatment interaction for e-Book according to information processing style.
Status and Improvement of Curriculum in University for Picture Archiving and Communication System
Seoung, Youl-Hun ; Lee, Jin-Wook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 497~504
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.497
The purpose of the study was to present basic data of curriculum of PACS (Picture Archiving and Communication System) and to propose improved directions. To research clinical PACS education needs, radiological technologist who related on PACS was surveyed in 12 (55%) of capital area, 6 (27%) of middle area and 4 (18%) of southern area of Korea and for the medical institutes, 8 (36%) of over 1000 beds, 10 (45%) of 500 to 1000 beds and 4 (19%) of less 500 beds. And, to research the status of university education the survey was conducted in 6 of capital area, 6 of middle area and 6 of southern area. As a result, 95.5% of respondents in radiological technologist group thought that giving precede education for PACS and enlarging state-exam would be necessary. In university group, 78% of respondents answered that PACS was equipped and, 82% of them answered that it is very important to study PACS as major. Many universities, however, did not standardize major title and contents so a study about them needs to be followed up.
Implicit Validation of the Concept of Successful Aging for Korean Elderly
Joo, Min-Kyoung ; Song, Sun-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 505~516
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.505
The purpose of the this research is to find out what basic factors of aging for korean elderly(above 65years old). First of all, 90 preliminary questions were developed from 551 questionnaires. In addition, some practices of the composition factors were carried out from another 552 seniors and additional tests were tried for composition validity, certified validity and successful aging standards from other 399 elders. The survey showed that the standard of the successful aging for korean elderly, which was composed of 47 questions, displayed satisfaction of everyday life, off-spring`s success, psychological support, positive activity. sense of self effectiveness, mental stability, satisfaction of spousal relationship and family support. The reliability of the Validation of Successful Aging for Korean Elderly showed high internal consistency of 0.932. It is also verified that the relationship between the factors and the questions has statistically meaningful, which makes it possible to confirm the reliability of the structure of the factors.
Work-Competencies and Competency-based Curriculum Development
Oh, Eun-Joo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 2, 2012, Pages 517~531
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.02.517
This study was aimed to propose a framework for the design and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for higher education institutions. For achieving the purpose, surveys were conducted with 300 companies at the southern regional area to find out core work-competencies that are needed in the work places. In addition, general education curriculum from 4 universities from the same area were analyzed and compared with the survey results to examine if the university curriculum satisfy the need of work places by providing courses that nurturing work competencies. The study found that abilities to work as a team and self-regulation are the core competencies. However, the participating universities did not provide enough courses for students to achieve the core work competencies that are mostly needed in the work places. Based on the study results, the competency based-curriculum were suggested, and the process for implementing the curriculum was discussed.