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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 2012
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 2012
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 2012
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 2012
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 2012
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 2012
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 2012
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 2012
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 2012
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 2012
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 2012
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2012
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Energy and Statistical Filtering for a Robust Audio Fingerprinting System
Jeong, Byeong-Jun ; Kim, Dae-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.001
The popularity of digital music and smart phones led to develope noise-robust real-time audio fingerprinting system in various ways. In particular, The Multiple Hashing(MLH) of fingerprint algorithms is robust to noise and has an elaborate structure. In this paper, we propose a filter engine based on MLH to achieve better performance. In this approach, we compose a energy-intensive filter to improve the accuracy of Q/R from music database and a statistic filter to remove continuity and redundancy. The energy-intensive filter uses the Discrite Cosine Transform(DCT)`s feature gathering energy to low-order bits and the statistic filters use the correlation between searched fingerprint`s information. Experimental results show that the superiority of proposed algorithm consists of the energy and statistical filtering in noise environment. It is found that the proposed filter engine achieves more robust to noise than Philips Robust Hash(PRH), and a more compact way than MLH.
Performance Evaluation of the GPU Architecture Executing Parallel Applications
Choi, Hong-Jun ; Kim, Cheol-Hong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 10~21
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.010
The role of GPU has evolved from graphics-specific processing to general-purpose processing with the development of unified shader core architecture. Especially, execution methods for general-purpose parallel applications using GPU have been researched intensively, since the parallel hardware architecture can be utilized efficiently when the parallel applications are executed. However, current GPU architecture has limitations in executing general-purpose parallel applications, since the GPU is not specialized for general-purpose computing yet. To improve the GPU performance when general-purpose parallel applications are executed, the GPU architecture should be evolved. In this work, we analyze the GPU performance according to the architecture varying the number of cores and clock frequency. Our simulation results show that the GPU performance improves by up to 125.8% and 16.2% as the number of cores increases and the clock frequency increases, respectively. However, note that the improvement of the GPU performance is saturated even though the number of cores increases and the clock frequency increases continuously, since the data cannot be provided to the GPU due to the limit of memory bandwidth. Consequently, to accomplish high performance effectiveness on GPU, computational resources must be more suitably considered.
Communication Module Selection Algorithm for Energy Saving of Smartphone
Lee, Chang-Moo ; Lee, Seung-Jae ; Choi, Deok-Jai ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 22~31
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.022
A Smartphone is an intelligent device combined mobile phone and pc`s support functions, and can perform multiple functions to satisfy the demands of users. It has excellent processing power and communication modules(DMB, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, NFC etc) to carry out the demands of users. But continuous using of battery power on processor and equipped modules causes acceleration of battery consumption. This means that effective power management in devices like smartphone is important. Therefore, the management of power consumption on system execution and communication module is a serious issue in this field of study. In this paper, we would like to propose a communication module selection algorithm based on energy consumption parameter of each communication module and data transfer time. Our scheme automatically select appropriate communication system to reduce high energy consumption on bluetooth sleep mode so that this scheme is more efficient and effective thus improving user convenience in longer usage time. Experimental results showed the 20% energy saving.
Countermeasure against Social Technologic Attack using Privacy Input-Detection
Park, Ki-Hong ; Lee, Jun-Hwan ; Cho, Han-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 32~39
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.032
When you want to be given the on-line service, their homepage requires sign-up with detail personal information. This collected private information lead to mass data spill by hacking. Especially, this makes terrible social problems that the users who sign up their site are persistingly attacked and damaged by hackers using this information. As methods of the social technologic attacks are simple but based upon human psychology, it is easy that people become a victim in the majority of cases. There is a strategy blocking fishing sites by using the black list for defending these attacks. This tactic, however, has some problems that it isn`t possible to handle new fishing sites having a short life-cycle. In this paper, we suggest two solutions to minimize data spill. One marks existing sites with the sign of a reliability measured by a comparison between black list and the white list; therefore, the user check the authenticity about the homepage. The other shut off previously the leaking of private information by sensing a entry of personal information into new sites.
Design and Implementation of Video Seminar System based on SNS-Web Platform
Kim, Hee-Dae ; Kim, Hyeong-Il ; Yoon, Min ; Oh, Young-Man ; Park, Yeo-Sam ; Chang, Jae-Woo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 40~51
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.040
In this paper, we design and implement a SNS-web platform based video seminar system which supports effective information sharing and cooperation. The proposed system has 3 characteristics. First, a user can take part in Web-based video seminar without installing a specific hardware or software because our system has been developed with Java Web Start. Secondly, our system can be executed on various operating systems and internet web browsers. Thirdly, our system can support the expert knowledge sharing and cooperation among experts who are connected on SNS because the system operate on SNS-web platform. Finally, we show from our performance analysis that our system is efficient in terms of average delay time.
Book Genre Visualization based on Genre Identification Algorithm
Kim, Hyo-Young ; Park, Jin-Wan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 52~61
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.052
Text visualization is one of sectors in data visualization. This study is on methods to visually represent text`s contents, structure, and form aspects based on various analytic techniques about wide range of text data. In this study -as a text visualization study-, 1) a method to find out the characteristics of a book`s genre using words in the text of the book was looked into, 2) elements of visualization of a book`s genre based on verification through an experiment were drew, and 3) the ways to intuitionally and efficiently visualize this were explained. According to visualization suggested by this study, first, actual genre of a book can be understood based on words used in the book. Second, with which genre is closed to the book can be found out with one glance through images of visualization. Moreover, the characteristics of complicated genres included in a book can be understood. Furthermore, the level of closeness (similarity) of a genre -which is found to be a representative genre using the number of dots, curvature of a curve, and brightness in the image- can be assumed. Finally, the outcome of this study can be used for a variety of fields including book customizing service such as a book recommendation system that provides images of personal preference books or genres through application of books favored by individual customers.
Real-Time Multimedia Clock using Particle System
Im, Jin-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 62~69
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.062
The newly developed field of media art is quickly making progress to include various and up-to-date forms of expression. Unlike in traditional art, the communication between the art and the viewer has become vastly important, in which the viewer is an active agent who participates and interacts with the artwork. These digital artworks can now be readily observed in everyday places and things, rather than being confined solely in the gallery space. By encouraging open interaction with the public, media art has become more accessible. Accordingly, this thesis examines the construction of a real-time multimedia clock piece using particle systems. Time has always been a significant theme in the realm of traditional art, which continues to be explored extensively in various forms of expression. In an attempt to express the continuity of time and the state of being value of existence based on technological skills, the thesis presents an artwork that uses the popular medium of a clock while also providing both usability and emotional satisfaction for the viewer`s sensibility through interaction.
Augmented Reality Authoring Tool and Marine Life Culture Contents for 3D Realistic Experience-Based Learning
Won, Yong-Tae ; Kim, Ha-Dong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 70~80
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.070
The marine life culture contents added with fun and learning factors are created in a 3D space, and the development of augmented reality contents concerning marine life resources in islands and the utilization method of experience-based learning are proposed. As a WYSIWYG-based authoring tool, an augmented reality authoring tool was made to easily use a authoring tool through a node structure and drag & drop. Marine life contents add the animation effect through a marker and event factors such as the change of modeling data, and also, they support real experience-based learning with the narration of marine life. Based on around 50 species of marine animals augmented reality contents, a marine animal AR book can be utilized as a textbook for elementary school classes, and as a 3D image education utilizing augmented reality, it enhances a learning effect by allowing realistic observation, various ways of thinking, and the maximum flow.
Using DSLR Camera for Digital Film Making
Son, Bo-Wook ; Min, Kyung-Won ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 81~90
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.081
Since the Canon EOS 5D Mark II with which the Full HD video shooting is possible was launched in 2008, the utilization of the DSLR cameras has been increasing in the video production field. In this thesis, the shortages and advantages of the video functions that the 5D Mark II cameras have will be analysed and they will be compared with the RED cameras that are most widely used in the video production field today. Through this, the utilization of the DSLR camera in the film production field will be investigated. The DSLR camera has the advantage of having good clear picture since it uses the image sensor of big size, and of being able to utilize the various lenses of good quality, and is small in size and light in weight compared to the conventional HD cameras. Although, there are some limitations that there are parts to be improved such as the sound recording problems and development of various additional equipments, the excellent usage that the DLSR cameras have is presenting a new possibility for the film production.
Audience Awareness of Virtual Advertising and Product Placement
Lee, Hee-Bok ; Cha, Young-Ran ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 91~102
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.091
Virtual Advertising and Product Placement which had been brought up to strengthen the competitiveness of the contents and vitalize the Advertising Industry, especially broadcasting advertising were finally adopted. This is a study to review what the background and the current condition of the virtual advertising and product placement are, identify what their current and potential problems are, and discuss how to settle the issues and make improvements. It also presents an empirical study on audience awareness. As a result of the study, audience tends to show high awareness of virtual advertising and product placement, to accept them more positively and show higher reliability of them than any other advertising. Moreover, it appears that they pay more attention to them, express their favor on them, and regard them convincing. This is an important point to both academic field and industry, which is likely to give suggestions to establish policy for virtual advertising and product placement and to develop broadcasting advertising in the future.
Investigation on the Content Development and Promotional Strategy to Vitalize the Korean Science Channel
Song, Hae-Ryong ; Kim, Won-Je ; Cho, Hang-Min ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 103~112
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.103
This paper is based on the perspective that the YTN Science, a science channel in Korea which plays a key role in the popularization of science, is suffering from low viewing ratings, insufficient content, and shortage of production. First, this study employs an exploratory method to identify current status of programming and operation of the Korean science channel along with its promotional strategy. Second, it aims to conduct an analysis on the science channels, specifically some major programs, of other nations including the U.S. (Discovery Channel, National Geographic Channel), United Kingdom (BBC Knowledge), Japan (Science Channel), and China (CCTV 10), seeking the possibility to apply and combine them afterward to the Korean TV channels specialized in science. A number of implications are derived from our diagnosis of present situation and analysis of abroad cases, and this helps us suggest the content development and promotional strategies as follows: First, due to the rising need for change in the programming strategy to enhance the value of the content, it is required to rearrange the programming in terms of the target audience and the viewer lifestyle, adopt a new strategy for building up the viewers` watching habit through `stripping`, and place strategic programs in prime-time. Second, as for the specific schemes of content production and application, it is recommended to establish a dual strategy in creating the content (one for conveying knowledge, the other for delivering fun), plan and use a representative character of the program, select scientific and technological topics with more Korean backgrounds, attempt strategic ties with SNS, deepen and diversify the material for programs, and implement a strategy to boost the OSMU. Finally, with regard to the promotional strategy, a constructive proposal may include raising channel awareness through science-related events and live broadcasting, performing promotional strategies by way of expanding to printed media like magazine and book publications, and intensifying online and mobile promotional strategy.
Young Children`s Response to Technological Components in Dramatic Activities Relying on Robot Projector Based Augmented Reality
Hyun, Eun-Ja ; Choi, Kyoung ; Yeon, Hye-Min ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 113~124
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.113
The purpose of this study was to investigate young children`s response to technological components in dramatic activities relying on robot projector based augmented reality. The participants of this study were 16 five-year-old children. Young children`s response to the technological components was collected by interviews asking 1) the level of understanding and interest in robot technology and 2) the level of understanding and interest in augmented reality technology. The result of this study showed that most of children playing the role of actors as well as audiences were likely to understand and get interested in the robot and augmented realty technology. This study would support the feasibility of employing the robot projector based augmented reality contents to dramatic activities in early childhood settings.
Inquiry on Educating One-person Creative Enterprise by College Students: Based on the Field of Applied Music Education
Lee, Seung-Hee ; Kim, Kun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 125~133
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.125
The focus of the study is to propose a long-term teaching and learning direction of one-person creative enterprise by college students in the field of the industry of Applied Music Contents. Critical review on literature and theories related to the recent trends of Applied Music industry and entrepreneurship education was conducted. The study introduced a macro level of four educational principles of Applied Music studies at a college such as: integrating Applied Music education with a viewpoint of humanities, fostering creative entrepreneur spirits of students in the field of Applied Music, applying new social media and technologies into teaching knowledge and skills of Applied Music, and finally developing students` authentic music expertise under cognitive apprenticeship(by a relationship of mentor-mentee) of Applied Music.
Study Regarding Miss Korea`s Dress Fashion Style -Focus on dress from 1970 to 2011-
Lee, Bok-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 134~143
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.134
Miss Korea, who was Korea`s first in the Miss Korea Contest in 1957, will be carried on social, cultural, beauty cosmetology as the most representative official beauty in the same age for immense effect on national interest. However, it has been said that the scholarly interest is dull of lack of objective means and irregular choice of terms in leading research. For this reason, this study will be examined the features of design components in Miss Korea dress and improved as basic research material of beauty cosmetology with comparison and analysis on fashion trend of the age. This study will be come up with views of result on the basis of the dress of Miss Korea award ceremony from 1970 to 2011, collecting photo material and decoding or analysis of preparatory research and main research with graduates and lectures through setting analysis instrument. As a result, the notable features of designing structural elements, which are shown in Miss Korea`s dress fashion style are produced lovely, intellectual. sexy and luxurious feminine beauty. It has been remarkably seen that the wedding dress fashionable trends of the times are reflected in Miss Korea`s dress on this study.
Relationship between N-screen Service and Home TV: Focusing on the Korean Representative N-Screen Service, Tving
Han, Yoon ; Lee, Sang-Woo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 144~153
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.144
This study investigates whether the use of N-screen service affects the use of Home TV service as a supplement or substitution. In this study, we collected 132 available survey answers from CJ Hellovision Tving users. We found supplement relationship between Tving and Home TV, which implies that the more use in Tving service, the use of Home TV increases as much as 36.4%. From the result, some meaningful implications were derived. First, a direction for content price negotiation between N-screen providers and terrestrial broadcasters can be suggested. Second, the result will provide a suggestion for establishing a competitive strategy between N-screen providers and Pay-TV providers. Third, this study may solve copyright dispute between content providers and pay TV operators.
Research about the Influence of Color Communication on Brand Images - based on Industrial Logos
Rhie, Jinny ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 154~162
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.154
We can expect an effective color marketing to build up a positive industrial image as it is easy for consumer to approach due to the ability of colors to affect human consciousness and sub-consciousness more than any other factor. The purpose of this research is to draw attention to the importance of color communication and to find strategies to elevate the brand image by surveying the degree of influence color communication has when forming a brand image. In order to conduct effective research, we executed theoretical and collaborative analysis through research materials and documents. If you take a look at the outcome of this research, brands that brings credibility and likability to its customers are not brands that uses color communication, but brands that utilize marketing strategies that build up credibility for quite some time. Also, preference over colors are distinctive. It turned out to be that the color of a brand logo that one likes has very little to do with one`s favorite color. When people choose a brand, they are choosing the brand not because of the color of the brand logo, but its credibility and likability that the brand offers. It proves that the color of the brand logo has nothing to do with the colors that people prefer. The relationship between the color that consumers prefer and the image and emotional color that forms brand image is negligible. However, since research shows that there was a relationship between the color you prefer and the emotional color that forms brand images, it seems to be important to figure out what color customers prefer rather than the color that shows customers` self image. Unlike existing color communication research, through this research, we would like to know how to utilize the color communication strategically in the forming of brand images and take a look at the relationship between customers` preferences and the image of each brand logo`s emotional color.
On Plans to Improve and activate the Qualification System of Theatrical Art Technicians
An, Kyong-Sok ; Gu, Seung-Hwan ; Yoo, Jun-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 163~174
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.163
This study was conducted to seek improvements by correcting problems of the qualification system of theatrical art technicians, which has a relatively weak foundation, compared to other national industrial qualifications. Through the previous researches, this study attempted to seek main issues and development plans in the field of theatrical art technology, while carrying out in-depth interviews for theatrical art technicians. With the results of this study, problems of the existing system can be largely divided into two kinds. Firstly, the existing system is mostly focused on performance places, especially large-sized public performance halls. Secondly, as a problem in terms of management, the existing system has non-professional management subjects and non-convenience regarding the number of qualification tests and places only in Seoul and once a year. This study grasped problems based on practical demands of the related industry through in-depth interviews with experts, thus seeking proper solutions. What matters most is that the present system should be converted from performance place-centered management to performance-centered management. In other words, by expanding qualification-acquired experts into all the performances, the system should practically contribute to improving the quality of performances and expanding the treatment of experts, which is the fundamental purpose of this system. Moreover, it is needed to seek a plan to expand the convenience of applicants for the procedures and methods of acquiring qualifications.
Aesthetic Category in Korean Traditional Dance, Mat & Meot
Ko, Kyung-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 175~187
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.175
The purpose of this study is to investigate the mechanism on how the aesthetic consciousness of "Mat" and "Meot" of Korean dance is realized with the analysis of aesthetic meaning and value found in the aesthetic experience of Korean dance, and also the aesthetic concept and consciousness of Korean Studies. First, "the aesthetic consciousness of endless life theory" is from the curved motion, which is one of the basic principle of Korean dance, and is to be sublimated to the aesthetic consciousness of "Mat" and "Meot". The life theory of the Korean dance is to be cleary realized by the curved movement aiming the Circle, which is the important principle of movement for feeling aesthetic consciousness of "Mat" and "Meot". But, the Korean dance movement has been affected to follow the Straight motion frequently in recent days rather than the Curved motion due to the influence of the Western style movement. This makes difficult to find aesthetical sense of "Mat" and "Meot". So, it is very crucial to keep and improve the Curved motion in the Korean dance for protecting and developing aesthetic consciousness of "Mat" and "Meot", the unique feature of the Korean dance. And the continuos effort and plan of Korean dancer is also needed to make the Mind and the Body coexist each other. Furthermore, the research on this aesthetic consciousness of "Mat" and "Meot" of the Korean dance should be kept going.
Legal Issues on the Association without Legal Personality
So, Jae-Youl ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 188~198
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.188
Church is one of organizations recognized not as corporation but as private association and therefore its identity and possession of properties must be confirmed by the general theories of the civil law in relation not to corporation but to private association. Different from corporation, the internal relations of private association is primarily regulated by the articles of association. When there is no article of association, ordinary resolution and provisions for incorporated association in the civil law are applied by inference. As for the debt of private association, all the members own it in a quasi-joint manner (article 275 and 278). For the last 50 years, the judicial precedents of the Supreme Court has permitted the partition of church for the Protestant church and ruled that the relationship of properties at the time of partition is the joint ownership by church members at the time of partition. This ruling is different from that of corporation and ordinary principles of law. However, a new judicial precedent (the Supreme Court, 2006. 4. 20, 2004다37775) prescribes that different from corporation, the partition of private association is not allowed. Thus, in order to settle the dispute of private association, the Supreme Court changes its traditional standpoint of allowing partition into denying it. This ruling seems to reflect the necessity of settling dispute above all.
I Ching(周易) Approach to Public Administration
Kwon, Il-Chan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 199~205
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.199
The purpose of this article is to study on the public administration in the perspective of I Ching(周易) which is the original philosophy and science of East Asia. I Ching is divided into two different schools, namely, the school of Image- Number I(象數易) and the school of Right Theory I(義理易). The school of Image- Number I are five science and technology(名 卜 醫 相 山) and astronomy, and so forth. And the school of Right Theory I are a Confucanist, a Taoist, a Mukist and all other thoughts. The meaning of Eastern Public Administration in mordern society is newer and better advanced concept, theory, and thoughts than western science and technology.
Public Policy Contents and Citizen Satisfaction
Lee, Hyang-Soo ; Lee, Seong-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 206~212
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.206
Residents of the municipalities in administrative services are recognized as active objects and active customers who purchase the public services. This study analyzes, by quantitative approach of surveys, the residents` awareness of the quality of five policy content areas. The results show that awareness of the quality of the five contents areas is substantially below average. Lessons and implications of this study for management leadership are presented.
Effects of Empowerment on the Burnout and Career Commitment of Social Worker
Kang, Jong-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 213~226
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.213
The absence of empowerment has been offered as one explanation for the growing burnout of social worker. Numerous studies have linked empowerment to employee`s behaviors and attitudes. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of empowerment on the burnout and career commitment of social worker. For the research, empowerment was consisted of meaning, competence, self-determination and impact. And burnout was consisted of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and feelings of inefficacy. This study was analyzed 265 social workers by survey. The results of this study are summarized as follows: Social Workers have high correlation to empowerment on the burnout(-) and career commitment(+). Especially, meaning and self-determination have a negative effects on the burnout and positive effects on the career commitment. This study finally discusses theoretical implications for future study and practical implications for empowerment strategies on the results.
Relation of Market Orientation and Organizational Performance in Nonprofit Human Service Organization toward Social Service Marketization
Kwon, Sun-Ae ; Kim, Gyo-Jung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 227~242
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.227
This study is to experientially verify that market orientation affect organizational performance toward social service marketization. social service marketization put pressure upon financial environment in nonprofit human service organizations and exacerbate competition between nonprofit human service organizations and profit organizations each other. For survival, nonprofit human service organizations in social service market where various supply organization participate needs sensitivity to the environment. For this purpose the need of introduction of market orientation is being raised. At this point this study is useful that measure the level of market orientation and analysis impact of market orientation toward organizational performance in nonprofit human service organizations. Data was collected from busan nonprofit human service organizations in participate voucher program, number of total organization is 92. The level of market orientation was 3.63. Analysis of the impact of market orientation to organizational performance used regression analysis through structural equation modelling. As a result of the analysis, market orientation was affected by organizational performance. Based on the results, this study suggests that nonprofit human service organizations should need market orientation centered organization management and sensitive response toward external environment.
Effects of Death Attitude on Death Anxiety
Lim, Song-Ja ; Song, Sun-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 243~255
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.243
This study is intended to find out the effect and differences of individual characteristic of the death attitude on death anxiety. The college students who study in the area of Chonan, Yongin, and Asan and the adults who live in the area of Chonan and Asan enrolled for this study. We analyzed the survey data from 325 responses finally. The results are summarized in three ways: First, adults are more positive than college students, religious people are more positive than nonreligious people, female are more positive than male, and married people are more positive than unmarried people in the death attitude. Second, college students are more positive than adults, nonreligious people are more positive than religious people, female are more positive than male, and unmarried people are more positive than married people in the death anxiety. Third, there is a correlation between the death anxiety and the death attitude. The fear on death has negative correlation on all subvariables of the death anxiety. Avoidance on death has positive correlation on the physical change anxiety, and openness on death has positive correlation on the cognitive and affective anxiety. Finally, It showed that the death attitude are affected by the death anxiety. The death anxiety was not much, if the fear on death are more little, the death anxiety was much, if the avoidance on death are much.
Marital Relations of Aged people Affect on the Marital Satisfaction and the Divorce Intention
Kim, Kil-Hyun ; Ha, Kyu-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 256~271
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.256
The purpose of this research was whether the marital relations of aged people affect the marital satisfaction and the divorce intention. The survey was conducted men and women with their spouse in 60th or more than 60th. Total surveys distributed were 550 and 459 were collected and analyzed finally. The statistic method applied in this research was SPSS 19. The statistic method use in this study was factor analysis, frequency analysis, t-test, one way ANOVA and Hiearchical multi-regression analysis. The results of the research were as follows. First, marital satisfaction has positive relations on affection expression, leisure sharing, sense of closeness and communications. However, economic conflict has negative relations on marital satisfaction. Second, divorce intention has positive relation with economic conflict. On the other hand divorce intention showed negative relations with affection expression, sharing leisure, sense of closeness and communication. Finally, There were differences in the spousal relationships and of the elderly according to the demographic factors and based on the above results several suggestions and limitations were presented.
Correlations between Quality of Life and Sensory Processing Abilities in Older Adults
Lee, Taek-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 272~279
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.272
This study aims to analyze the factors that affect quality of life and sensory processing abilities in older adults. Participants were 121 older adults aged over 65. Quality of life was evaluated with Life satisfaction Index for the Elderly and sensory processing abilities were measured with Korean-AASP. Korean Activiy Card Sort was utilized to assess their activity level. Low positive correlations were found between quality of life and activity level in total score(p<.01), IADL(p<.05), leisure(p<.01), and social participation(p<.01). Correlation coefficients between quality of life and sensory processing abilities showed low negative correlations in low registration(p<.01), sensory sensitivity(p<.01), and sensation avoiding(p<.01), however, there were low positive correlations in sensation seeking(p<.05). The importance of sensory processing was highlighted from the findings of statistically significant correlations between quality of life and sensory processing abilities. This indicates that improvement of sensory processing abilities is critical in occupational therapy service for older adults. Furthermore, the findings of close relationship between activity levels and sensory processing abilities need to be reflected in senior welfare policy.
Cognitive-Pragmatic Language Assessment for Normal Aging : Study of Assessment Tools and Content Validity
Lee, Mi-Sook ; Kim, Hyang-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 280~292
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.280
Cognitive-pragmatic language ability decreases during the normal aging process. Evaluating the ability might be useful in testing predicting cognitive level and diseases such as dementia. The aim of this study is to analyze various assessment protocols for normal aging, and evaluate the content validity of the currently developing cognitive-pragmatic language test domains and items. Content Validity Index(CVI) was calculated based on ratings judged by 17 experts including speech-language pathologists and clinical psychologists. As a result, it was found that CVIs of all 7 domains including attention, memory, organization, reasoning, problem solving, executive function, pragmatic language were above .75. It was concluded that the test items contained the appropriate content validity to assess cognitive-pragmatic language for normal aging.
Effect of Human Patient Simulator-based Education on Self-directed Learning and Collective Efficacy
Jun, Hoa-Yun ; Cho, Young-Im ; Park, Kyung-Eun ; Kim, Ji-Mee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 293~302
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.293
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of human patient simulator(HPS)-based education on self-directed learning(SDL) and collective efficacy(CE) for nursing students. This study design was one group pre-posttest. The subjects were 2nd grade 92 students enrolling in the integrated practice. They have no previous experience of HPS-based education. HPS-based education included team based learning, skill training, taking a high-fidelity simulation with Medical Education Technologies, Inc (METI) simulator and being debriefed during 12 weeks. The pretest and posttest were conducted to understand the improvement in SDL and CE. After the subjects had participated in the HPS-based education, they showed statistically significant higher SDL(t
Evaluation of Setup When Using C-Rad System in Radiotherapy
Park, Eun-Tae ; Ko, Seong-Jin ; Choi, Seok-Yoon ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Kim, Chang-Soo ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Kang, Se-Sik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 303~310
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.303
In radiotherapy, accurate patient positioning and set up are important factor that treatment can influence success. In generally, the 3-laser system is used when the patient set up. But today the body surface scanning system(C-Rad system) is trying to use. Compare and evaluate the C-Rad system and the 3-laser system to check availability. Head and neck that are no movement of internal organs and easy to apply fixation device are limited. Alderson Rando anthropomorphic phantom and 10 patients who have lesions of head and neck are targeted. C-RAD system`s setup error mean and standard deviation are the X axis(
), Y axis(
), Z axis(
) in the phantom study, and in the patient study X axis(
), Y axis(
) Z axis(
). So C-RAD system is better than 3-laser system mostly, but C-RAD system`s error rate is a little worse than 3-laser system in the Z axis. When radiation treatment of head and neck, body surface contour scanning system contribute to correct positioning and minimize the set up error.
Fluorine-releasing of Dental Restoration Materials in which the Fluorine is Contained
Kim, Joo-Won ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 311~322
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.311
Restoration materials used to investigate effects of fluorine such as enamel strengthening and anti-caries effects in several types of dental restoration materials were five kinds including Ionoseal(VOCO GmbH, Cuxhaven, Germany), Fuji Filling LC(GC Co. Tokyo, Japan), Quadrant Universal LC(CAVEX Holland BV, Netherlands), PermaCem
(DMG, Hamburg, Germany) and Dyract
AP(Dentsply GmbH, Germany), and the amount of fluorine-releasing was measured with ICS-5000 Reagent-FreeTM Ion Chromatography(RFICTM, Dionex, U.S.A.). The results of this study are as follows. 1. In all types of restoration materials, the amount of fluoride-releasing was reduced with time passage and it was declined sharply to show significance in four weeks. Fuji Filling LC(12.445PPM) or resin-reinforced glass ionomer and PermaCem
(16.121PPM) or compomer were found to release fluorine for a long term(P<.001). 2. Ionoseal(0.887PPM) or glass ionomer and Quadrant Universal LC(0.957PPM) or composite resin released a few fluorine of 1PPM or less than 1PPM after one week, and Dyract
AP or compomer released fluorine of 8.631PPM in one week and its amount of releasing decreased dramatically in two and four week by recording 0.175PPM and 0.116PPM, respectively. Therefore, the effect of releasing fluorine in four weeks was observed to be poor (P<.001). 3. Fuji Filling LC or resin-reinforced glass ionomer and PermaCem
or compomer released fluorine of 33.372 and 1.902PPM, respectively in one week and their amount of releasing increased to be 36.371 and 18.223PPM, respectively in two weeks. So, their amount of fluorine-releasing recorded the highest levels in two weeks(P<.001).
Indoor Air Quality of Laboratories in K- University and the Management Strategy
Lee, Dong-Hyun ; Jeong, Hyo-Sik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 323~330
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.323
The purpose of this study was to examine the occurrence level of harmful chemical substance and the riskiness caused by it at university laboratory, which had been faintly interested in safe health management. It measured and analyzed indoor pollutants by academic department targeting K university where is located in Seoul Metropolis for 6 days starting from May 26, 2010. As a result, the appearance of being furnished with MSDS, the appearance of installing the exposure-reduction facilities, and the present status of supplying protective equipment in order to grasp the present status of managing harmful chemical substance at university laboratory were relatively good in management at the Dept. of Chemistry, the Dept. of Physics, and the Dept. of Medical Science, which are basic science laboratories. The activity for managing harmful chemical substance in the Dept. of Dental Medicine and the Dept. of Fine Arts was surveyed to be insufficient. Also, the concentration of formaldehyde and TVOCs(total volatile organic compounds) inside laboratory was detected noticeably highly in the Dept. of Fine Arts compared to other laboratories. The concentration of formaldehyde in a group, which was collectivized by similar academic department, was indicated to be higher in other academic departments including the Dept. of Fine Arts and the Dept. of Life Science, thereby having shown significant difference. The concentration of formaldehyde and TVOCs showed significant difference at the laboratory without installation compared to the laboratory with installation of fume hood. Seeing the above results, it could be known that a whole drop in recognition on influence of chemical upon health leads to being able to increase occurrence level of hazardous factor due to being insufficient in activity of protecting exposure to chemical substance.
Effects of Operational Practices of Contract Foodservice Management Company on Relationship Quality and Recontract Intention
Chun, Dal-Young ; Goo, Hye-Kyoung ; Yin, Jee-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 331~345
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.331
The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of operational practices of contract foodservice management company on relationship quality and recontract intention. To verify research model, 126 data were collected from client companies of E contract foodservice management company and analyzed using structural equation modeling and multiple regression. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. First, direct factors such as operational costs, menu management, and service management had significant influences on food service quality. On the other hand, indirect factors such as operational supportability, brand image, and capacity of sales management were not important to food service quality. Second, indirect operational practices had significant effects on trust. That is, when operational supportability was increased, brand image was enhanced, and capacity of sales management was strengthened, client company`s trust on contract foodservice company was increased. Among them, brand image showed the highest effect. Also, direct practices such as operational costs, menu management, and sanitary/facilities management significantly influenced on trust. Third, food service quality significantly affected trust. Finally, only trust had significant effect on recontract intention but food service quality did not. This means that food service quality alone is not enough to earn recontract intention. Relationship marketing efforts to form trust should be made between contract foodservice company and client company.
Effects of Opinion Leader Behavior on E-learning Satisfaction: The Mediating Role of Social Intelligen
Seo, Moon-Kyo ; Bae, Eun-Gyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 346~356
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.346
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of opinion leader behavior on E-learning satisfaction on the mediating role of social intelligence. For the study, opinion leader behavior were defined two groups such as information mediated behavior, influence behavior and e-learning satisfaction were defined two groups such as contents satisfaction, operation satisfaction. On the basis of theoretical linkages between the constructs, a conceptual model and hypotheses were established. Data were collected from 153 graduated students by structured questionnaires. Collected data were analyzed by PLS(Partial Least Square) statistics program and findings are as follows. Empirical results indicate that opinion leader behavior has a positive impact on opinion leader`s social intelligence, social intelligence has a positive impact on E-learning satisfaction. Opinion leader`s social intelligence has partially mediated effect on the relationship between opinion leader behavior and E-learning satisfaction.
Structural Causal Relationship between Atmospherics of Web-sites and Repurchase Intention in Internet Shopping Malls
Choi, Chul-Jae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 357~369
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.357
The purpose of this paper is to explain and identify how atmospherics of web-sites such as graphics, colour, menu and link have an effect on consumers` emotion and satisfaction, which in turn have influence on repurchase intention in internet shopping malls. A survey study was conducted to collect the data with consumers who have experience purchase or search on internet shopping malls. Analysis of structural equation modeling with AMOS 18.0 was performed to test the research hypothesis. The results of the study are as follows: Menu and link are positively associated on consumers` emotion, but graphics and colour have not influence on both consumers` emotion and satisfaction. Consumers` emotion is positively associated on both satisfaction and repurchase intention, and then satisfaction is also positively associated on repurchase intention.
Influence of Social Standing of Adolescents to Social Activity on Online
Ohk, Kyung-Young ; Hong, Jae-Won ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 370~379
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.370
This study is identifying a social standing on adolescents` social network in offline and how the social standing influence to online social activity. For the purpose, we explore two research questions. First, How the adolescents` social standing present in their offline social network? Second, How the adolescents` social standing influence to online social activity? Using data, we first visualized 5 social network of adolescents, and deducted each ego networks and global network. Also we investigated causality between social standing and social activities. The result showed adolescents` social tie and social gregariousness influence to social activity width and depth in ego network. Based on these findings, we discussed some implications, limitations, and future direction.
Security practician with Psychological Empowerment Organizational Commitmentandits Impact on pro-social Behavior
Kim, Eui-Young ; Lee, Jong-Hwan ; Kang, Kyoung-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 380~392
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.380
The study of security personnel and psychological empowerment and organizational commitment to investigate the relationship between prosocial behavior in 2011 in Seoul, served in the private security companies after being selected as a security guard purposive sampling method using a 300 extracted samples, but the number of cases used in the study a total of 282 people. This study SPSSWIN 18.0 using factor analysis, reliability analysis, multiple regression analysis, path analysis, the following conclusions were obtained. First, psychological empowerment on organizational commitment affects. In other words, self-determination, job performance, impact, meaning a higher level of calculation ever higher levels of commitment and affective commitment. Second, the psychological empowerment influences prosocial behavior. In other words, self-determination, meaningfulness, influence job performance higher level of customer service and increases coordination Third, organizational commitment affects the prosocial behavior. In other words, the calculation ever commitment, emotional commitment, the higher the customer service, increases the level of coordination. Fourth, psychological empowerment and organizational commitment prosocial behavior direct and indirect impacts.
Social Network of Sports for All`s Instructor and Occupational Achievement
Kim, Kyong-Sik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 393~403
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.393
This study is to investigate social network of sports for all`s instructor and occupational achievement. To accomplish this goal, this study sampled 240 instructors of sports facilities of Seoul utilizing purposive sampling method in 2011. But this study finally used 203 samples in data analysis. Validity and reliability of instruments tested by expert meetings and reliability analysis. Chronbach`s
is over .674. Data analysis is logistic regression analysis and multiple regression analysis using SPSSWIN 18.0. Conclusions are the followings. First, gender, number of employment influence on employment throughout individual network. Second, social network influences on occupational achievement. Namely, individual network influences on wage satisfaction, social network influences fitness of academic career.
Effects of B2B Transaction fairness Between Travel Agencies on Travel Franchisee`s Relationship-orientation and Performance
Seo, Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 404~414
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.404
B2B2C distribution channel between travel agencies, the travel franchiser`s fairness become a big issue. So this study examines the effects of B2B transaction fairness between travel agencies on relationship-orientation and travel franchisee`s performance. The research results are as follows: First, the most influential factor on the franchisee`s performance was found as relationship-orientation factor. Second, among the 3 variable factors of B2B transaction fairness, the most influential factor on the franchisee`s relationship-orientation was found as interactional fairness. And procedural fairness was found as next. Third, distributive fairness and interactional fairness were found to have a significant effect on franchisee`s financial performance. And distributive fairness and procedural fairness were found to have a significant effect on franchisee`s non-financial competency. Conclusively, excellent employees of travel franchiser` are the most valuable factors in B2B2C transactions due to the nature of the travel industry where human services are valued above everything else.
Effects of Self-efficacy on Job Embeddedness, Innovation Behaviors, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior - the Moderating Effect Worked Mainly in the Form-
Hong, Hyun-Kyong ; Chung, Kyoo-Yup ; Kim, Won-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 415~430
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.415
Under fastly moving businese circumstance, it is very important to retain par excellence human resource and innovation. The purpose of this study is to find out casual relationship among self-efficacy, job embeddedness, innovative behavior, and organizational citizenship behavior, which is dependent variable. With the help of information technology. To verify hypotheses such statistical analyses as factor analysis, reliability test, and path analysis by AMOS 18.0. The population of this study is employees of super deluxe hotels in korea and they are divided into two categories such as front-of-the-house and back-of-the-house respectively with same numbers. In case of mutual relationship between self-efficacy and innovative behavior, self-control and task difficultness factors significantly influence innovative behavior in case of front-of-the house employees and vice-versa in those of back-of-the-house. In case of interactive relationship between self-efficacy and organizational citizenship behavior, slightly different results are revealed between front-and back-of-the-house employees, employees, i.e. all factors are significantly related in former but not in latter.
Effects of Wine Selection Attributes on Satisfaction and Repurchase Intention -Focused on the Moderating Effect of Wine Involvement-
Song, Kyong-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 431~446
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.431
In this study, a survey was carried out on wine consumers over age 20 experienced in wine purchase and drinking from December 1 through December 31, 2011 with the object of figuring out the effects of wine selection attributes on satisfaction and repurchase intention, and making an empirical analysis of the difference depending on involvement in wine. The findings of this study are summarized as follows. The effect of wine selection attributes on satisfaction showed that price, label and wine characteristic had a significant positive effect on satisfaction. The effect of wine selection attributes on repurchase intention showed that locality, price, and wine characteristic had a significant positive effect on repurchase intention. For wine attributes affecting satisfaction, the wine involvement moderated the relationship between locality, price, and satisfaction of wine attributes. And for wine attributes affecting repurchase intention, the wine involvement moderated the relationship between label and repurchase intention of wine attributes. In other words, local characteristics and reasonable prices of the cultivation areas for wine, and indigenous characteristics of wine in quality itself supported the existing preceded findings. And these findings showed the characteristics in that the wine involvement moderates satisfaction and repurchase intention.
How Chinese Population`s Preference to Korean Wave Contents does Influence their Intent to Purchase Korean Product, Visit Korea and Learn Hangul
Kim, Ju-Yeon ; Ahn, Kyung-Mo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 447~458
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.447
Korean wave which started from Korean drama is continuing its popularity with K-pop in China. This positive effect has lead to increases in Korean product export to China, increase in number of Chinese visitors to Korea and increase in number of Chinese population learning Hangul. In this research, empirical study was conducted to analyze the influence of Korean wave contents (drama, movie, K-pop, games) on Chinese population (their intention to purchase Korean product, visit Korea and learn Hangul.) As the result, it is understood that the most influential Korean wave content on Chinese population`s intention to purchase Korean cosmetic and clothing products is drama; it is analyzed that K-pop has noticeable influence as well. Korean drama has the greatest influence on Chinese population`s intention to visit Korea, purchase cosmetic or plastic surgery tour package and purchase Korean food. K-pop is analyzed as the second most influential factor among Korean wave contents in this category. Korean wave contents which have the most influence on intention to learn Hangul are Korean drama and K-pop, and it is analyzed that K-pop has greater influence than Hangul in this field.
Empirical Analysis on Domestic Travel Activities of Workers -Focused on Domestic Travel Numbers, Days and Expenditures-
Choi, Seung-Mook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 459~469
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.459
The purpose of this study is to analyze the domestic travel activities by job characteristic and derive implications to improve the domestic tourism by using 2010 Korea National Tourism Survey data(Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism). We classified survey samples(1,813 persons) by 6 job characteristic categories and compared the domestic travel activities(number of travel, day of travel, expenditure of travel). As the results of analysis, the domestic travel activities of paid worker, full-time worker, employers with a 500 or more workers, biweekly five-day worker are more than non-paid worker, part-time worker, employers with a 10 or less workers, worker who work six to seven days a week.
Applicability of Green Transportation Performance Index in the Construction Industry
Bae, Jin-Hee ; Park, Hee-Sung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 470~477
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.470
Climate related policies have been considered due to increase of energy and fossil fuel consumption. Therefore, research has been done to reduce
and to implement green construction. This paper proposes green construction performance metrics for transportation facilities based on previous literature review and survey. The metrics are composed with economic, social, and environment parts and number of metrics are 14, 10, and 12 respectively. The survey was performed to evaluate relevance, clarity, timeliness, comparable, and obtainable of the proposed metrics. Then implementation strategy is also proposed for effective use.
Effects of the Nature of Teacher Behavior on Learning Flow in Military Education
Sohn, Jung-Mok ; Won, You-Dong ; Kang, Sung-Tae ; Cho, Woo-Sung ; Um, Myoung-Yong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 478~487
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.478
The purpose of this paper is to investigate which the nature of teacher behavior affects the learning flow in the context of military education. Empirical results show that the leadership of the nature of teacher behavior has a significant effect on three factors of learning flow (flow experience, transformation of time, concentration on task). In addition, the pace of class of the nature of teacher behavior is significantly related to the transformation of time and the concentration on task, and the sense of humor of the nature of teacher behavior significantly affects the concentration on task. The findings provide practical implications on how a military education institution strategically employes the leadership, the sense of humor, and the pace of class in an attempt to select and train instructors.
Comparative Analysis of High School Informatics Textbooks
Lee, Yun-Hwa ; Kang, Oh-Han ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 488~495
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.488
From 2011, newly developed Information textbook will be given to high school students. This research investigates contents of the new Information textbook and attempts to offer improvement of the book, which were compiled according to the 2007 Revised Curriculum. This thesis aims to make a comparative analysis of the contents and structure of six Information textbook which passed the screening. The structures of six textbooks were examined under four sections, which are overall structure, relative importance in the textbook, development method, and evaluation type. Moreover, for analyzing the contents, the research investigated the number of the major concepts that are dealt in the textbooks. The results show that there are too many difficult concepts for high school students and reveals that there are big difference in the contents and construction among textbooks. This research suggests how the textbook should be revised in the light of the contents, construction, terminology, and practical training.
Analysis of Culture Education in Childhood English
Lee, Seung-Eun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 496~504
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.496
The purpose of this study is to guide efficient ways to teach cultural aspects in Korean elementary English education through analyzing many studies on elementary English culture education. In global era, English education must be performed based on understanding of other various cultures for authentic communication. However, Korean elementary students have difficulty to approach or to be exposed to the culture of English speaking countries. Elementary English culture education is neither well organized nor performed for some reasons. The reasons are as follows. Frist, English teachers are not confident with the culture and they consider themselves not having enough experiences and knowledge to teach. They were not taught cultural aspects and the cultural aspects were not emphasized. Second, there are not appropriate culture related teaching materials in the textbooks and teachers` guide books. Therefore, necessary cultural aspects should be selected by English education experts and provided in the textbooks and teachers` guide books. Those two books should be systematically connected. Elementary English teachers should have more opportunities to understand and experience other various cultures. Language is a part of culture and culture is a part of language. Acquiring the second language is acquiring its culture. The culture education for authentic communication is accomplished from managing cultural aspects in textbooks and cultivating English teachers with experience and understanding of target culture.
Revitalization Plan for IT Education according to Analysis of Demand by Students and Parents
Ahn, Seong-Hun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 505~514
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.505
In this paper, a revitalization plan for IT education was studied. Currently, IT industry is the most important field of the export industry in korea. But IT education in korea has been neglected. To grasp the demand of students and parents for IT education, a survey was conducted. A majority of students and parents agree with opinion that should be strengthened IT education at school. Also, a majority of students and parents agree with a plan to set up special purpose high school for IT education. In this paper, a revitalization plan for IT education is proposed according to result of survey. It is expected to help the breeding gifted young man for IT.
Statistical Survey of Vocabulary in Korean Textbook for Elementary School 6th-Grade
Kim, Jong-Young ; Kim, Cheol-Su ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 515~524
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.515
This paper studied the statistics such as the total number of syllables, the kinds of syllables, the frequency of syllables, the number of eojeols(word phrases unique in Korean language), the kinds of eojeols, average length of eojeols, the frequency of eojeols and the parts of speech in four different Korean textbooks for 6th-grade students(6-1 Korean Reading, 6-1 Korean Speaking Listening Writing, 6-2 Korean Reading and 6-2 Korean Speaking Listening Writing). The results of the statistical survey are as follows: the number of Hangul syllables was 194,683; the kinds of syllables were 1,290; the average frequency of syllables was 150.9; the number of eojeol was 70,185; the kinds of eojeol were 22,647; the average frequency of eojeol was 3.1; the average length of eojeols was 2.8 syllables, the longest one consist of 10 syllables. In parts of speech, nouns are used more in the Korean Reading textbook, and verbs are used more in Korean Speaking Listening Writing.
Multi-group Analysis of Employment Status in Isolation, Interaction, Content Satisfaction, Achievement and Persistence in Cyber University
Joo, Young-Ju ; Yoo, Na-Yeon ; Seol, Hyun-Nam ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 525~540
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.525
The purpose of the present study is to examine the causal relationship and invest the difference among isolation, interaction, content satisfaction, achievement and persistence in cyber university education by employment status. For this study, 104 students at A cyber university in Korea completed surveys in the fall semester of 2011. The result of this study indicated that there was a meaningful effect of interaction on isolation. Secondly, there was a meaningful effect of interaction on content satisfaction. Thirdly there was a meaningful effect of interaction on achievement. Lastly there were meaningful effects of isolation and interaction on persistence. In addition, according to multi-group analysis, there were no significant differences of structural path coefficients between two groups. Based on these results, this study suggests instructional design methods and management strategies to improve the quality of learning in cyber universities.
Effects of On-Line Community Assisted Team Learning Activities on University Students` Academic Achievement and on the Scores of Shared Mental Model Subscales
Jun, Myong-Nam ; Park, Hye-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 12, issue 5, 2012, Pages 541~552
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2012.12.05.541
The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of On-Line Community Assisted Team Learning (OCATL) activities on academic achievement and team member`s Shared Mental Model(SMM) subscale scores. Two studies were conducted over two semesters in different universities. The first study was aimed at examining the effects of OCATL on university students` academic achievement using pre- and post- experimental design. For this experiment, 133 university students composed of 80 male and 53 female students from 13 colleges participated. The OCATL activities included the orientation of OCATL, seminar on collaborative learning, on-line community assisted team learning with sixteen hour participation during one semester and a final report (or a term paper). To measure these students` academic achievement, their pre- and post-semester`s GPA were compared. The results of paired t-test revealed a significant difference in academic achievement (p<.05). The second study was designed to compare the scores of SMM subscales of the experimental group with the OCATL activities and those of the control group without using OCATL activities. The data was collected using the scale of Shared Mental Model(SMM)-short version developed by Johnson in 2011. For this study, 74 participants from 10 teams served as an experimental group and 15 teams which were not exposed to OCATL activities served as a control group. The MANOVA results showed that SMM subscores of two groups measured after the experiment were statistically significantly different: The experimental group with the OCATL activities showed high scores on general task and team knowledge, general task and communication skills, attitudes toward team and task, team dynamics and interactions, team resources and working environment, and satisfaction with the team.