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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Performance Analysis of Intelligence Pain Nursing Intervention U-health System
Jung, Hoill ; Hyun, Yoo ; Chung, Kyung-Yong ; Lee, Young-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.001
A personalized recommendation system is a recommendation system that recommends goods to users` taste by using an automated information filtering technology. A collaborative filtering method in this technology is a method that discriminates certain types, which represent similar patterns. Thus, it is possible to estimate the pain strength based on the data of the patients who have the past similar types and extract related conditions according to the similarity in classified patients. A representative method using the Pearson correlation coefficient for extracting the similarity weight may represent inexact results as the sample data is small according to the amount of data. Also, it has a disadvantage that it is not possible to fast draw results due to the increase in calculations as a square scale as the sample data is large. In this paper, the excellency of the intelligence pain nursing intervention u-health system implemented by comparing the scale and similarity group of the sample data for extracting significant data is verified through the evaluation of MAE and Raking scoring. Based on the results of this verification, it is possible to present basic data and guidelines of the pain of patients recognized by nurses and that leads to improve the welfare of patients.
Design of a HL7-based Mobile Web Prescription Interface for U-Healthcare
Ahn, Yoon-Ae ; Cho, Han-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 8~16
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.008
Countermeasure of SIP Impersonation Attack Using A Location Server
Go, Yun-Mi ; Kwon, Kyung-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 17~22
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.017
Impersonation attack, based on vulnerable security of SIP, facilitate a intruder to take malicious actions such as toll fraud and session hijacking. This paper suggests a new technique for a countermeasure. When receiving a register request message, registrar checks whether the value of Form header or the value of Call-ID header is stored in location server or not. If the record containing either of them are stored and periodically updated, we regard that message as impersonation attack and discard it. Since this technique uses the information stored in server instead of adding encryption mechanism for user authentication, it can easily build securer SIP environment.
The Study on the Introduction of Clear QAM and 8VSB in the Digital Conversion of Pay TV
Kim, Hee-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 23~34
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.023
This study would verify the validity of two transmission technology, `Clear QAM` and `8VSB`. `Clear QAM` and `8VSB`, the transmisson technology, have been suggested as the concrete alternatives in the situation that half of subscriber of multi channel tv service have been still out of benefit from digital convert. In this study, we have shown that the introduction of `Clear QAM` and `8VSB` should ease economical burdens and information minority group without extra set-top box. But there is another concern that it should negatively affect on the contents industry by a devaluation of the multi channel tv service or by an infringement of copyright. In these reasons, it is still difficult to solve the related concern, though the government have to set up the politic goal for the related industry as well digital convert. This study suggested that Korea Communication Commission consider above-mentioned technology temporarily, and reconsider `Clear QAM` around the completion of the digital convert project.
Adaptation of Customized Measurement of Stride Length in Smart Device
Lee, Byung Mun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 35~43
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.035
Exercise such as walking is helpful to manage one`s own weight and to counter life habit diseases such as obesity. Calorie consumption is usually calculated based on the distance walked. One way to measure the distance is by using steps and stride length. Most pedometers, including some applications in smart devices, are inaccurate, because they use a common value as the average stride length, even though each person has a different stride length. Moreover, the stride length differs depending on the walking pace, which will further increase the error. To address this, in this paper, I classify paces into three categories. Following that, I introduce a customized measurement of stride length, which is calculated based on the stride length corresponding to each pace category after obtaining x, y, z values from a 3-axis accelerometer in the smart device. In addition to this, I developed an application running on the smart device designed for the proposed measurement of stride. I have conducted three experiments for the assessment of the proposed measurement. In conclusion, I confirmed the effectiveness of this system.
Implementation of sin/cos Processor for Descriptor on SIFT
Kim, Young-Jin ; Lee, Hyon Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 44~52
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.044
The SIFT algorithm is being actively researched for various image processing applications including video surveillance and autonomous vehicle navigation. The computation of sin/cos function is the most cost part needed in whole computational complexity and time for SIFT descriptor. In this paper, we implement a hardware to sin/cos function of descriptor on sift feature detection algorithm. The proposed Sin/Cosine processor is coded in Verilog and synthesized and simulated using Xilinx ISE 9.2i. The processor is mapped onto the device Spartan 2E (XC2S200E-PQ208-6). It consumes 149 slices, 233 LUTs and attains a maximum operation frequency of 60.01 MHz. As compared with the software realization, our FPGA circuit can achieve the speed improvement by 40 times in average.
Importance Sampling Embedded Experimental Frame Design for Efficient Monte Carlo Simulation
Seo, Kyung-Min ; Song, Hae-Sang ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 53~63
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.053
This paper presents an importance sampling(IS) embedded experimental frame(EF) design for efficient Monte Carlo (MC) simulation. To achieve IS principles, the proposed EF contains two embedded sub-models, which are classified into Importance Sampler(IS) and Bias Compensator(BC) models. The IS and BC models stand between the existing system model and EF, which leads to enhancement of model reusability. Furthermore, the proposed EF enables to achieve fast stochastic simulation as compared with the crude MC technique. From the abstract two case studies with the utilization of the proposed EF, we can gain interesting experimental results regarding remarkable enhancement of simulation performance. Finally, we expect that this work will serve various content areas for enhancing simulation performance, and besides, it will be utilized as a tool to understand and analyze social phenomena.
Dynamic Gesture Recognition using SVM and its Application to an Interactive Storybook
Lee, Kyoung-Mi ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 64~72
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.064
This paper proposes a dynamic gesture recognition algorithm using SVM(Support Vector Machine) which is suitable for multi-dimension classification. First of all, the proposed algorithm locates the beginning and end of the gestures on the video frames at the Kinect camera, spots meaningful gesture frames, and normalizes the number of frames. Then, for gesture recognition, the algorithm extracts gesture features using body parts` positions and relations among the parts based on the human model from the normalized frames. C-SVM for each dynamic gesture is trained using training data which consists of positive data and negative data. The final gesture is chosen with the largest value of C-SVM values. The proposed gesture recognition algorithm can be applied to the interactive storybook as gesture interface.
Online Social Capital Analysis on the Yeungnam Local Presses : Website and Social Media
Kim, Ji Young ; Ha, Young Ji ; Park, Han Woo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 73~85
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.073
This study examines the online social capital of local press using the website and social media. Moreover, the paper respectively visualizes web feature as Web 1.0 and social feature analysis as Web 2.0 by applying correspondence analysis. For data, the study analyzes 10 representative local press in Yeungnam areas. To collect the data, two coders coded web features from the websites and we employed NodeXL, an open-source software tool, for social media data. The results reveal that local websites expend online social capital using social media account. Especially, the social features of local presses attach importance to Twitter as the main press keep the well-balance use among all platforms.
Utilizing Mobile Social Game as a Gamification Advertising Platform
Shin, Jiho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 86~96
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.086
This study is about utilizing social game as a gamification advertising platform. Since iPhone released to the world, the smart phone industry has rapidly increased. And the development of the smart phone industry has rapidly increased its rate of users in which it has led to leaping growths of new kind of service such as SNS(Social Network Service), and SNG(Social Network Game). The purpose of this study is predicting the development of advertising industry in smart phone paradigm shift. This study focused on social network game as a gamification advertising platform, and studied on case of
which is social network game used as a gamification advertising platform. Finally, this study has developed suggestions for new way of advertising by utilizing Mobile social network game as a gamification advertising platform.
Organizing Korean International Broadcasting`s Programming Strategy and Channel Positioning map
Yoon, Hong Keun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 97~103
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.097
The research is centered towards analyzing the differentiation of the characteristics and organization of programming strategy and channel positioning by selecting Korean International Public Relations Broadcasting Stations Arirang TV and KBS World. According to the results, Arirang TV positions Korean culture content-implied educational programs as their strategy while KBS World places the main programs of KBS1, 2TV with many entertainment programs such as dramas and entertainment shows. Arirang TV`s programming strategy is well-fulfilling the purpose of promoting Korea`s culture contents by organizing their programming with documentaries, tourist information, and daily living information. On the other hand, KBS World works as the agent of the spread of the Korean Wave by filling their program with dramas and K-pop programs such as
. Due to the difference in programming strategy of these two broadcasting stations, Arirang TV has positioned itself as a diplomatic channel to spread Korean culture and KBS World a channel representing the Korean Wave. However, there are problems of inefficiency due to recurrent investments because of the fact that both broadcasting stations` programming strategy is to promote Korean culture and spread the Korean Wave by aiming similar targets such as foreigners or overseas Koreans.
Typological approach to Materials of TV Documentary Produced by Independent Production : Focused on KBS 1TV
Lee, Jung-Woo ; Kang, Seung-Mook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 104~114
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.104
The purpose of this study is to expand the access rights of audience by diversifying and specializing types of material of TV documentary produced by independent production. To achieve this, we classified according to materials of
. This research suggested that almost the whole independent production produced this documentary in the way of complete posting system, especially small production. Also as the result, to analysis nine types of materials, types of current affairs and human sources have the most to produce occupied 51.9% and independent production have maximized profits through a series of works. The research value of this study is that this study analyzed the types of material selection of TV documentary produced by independent production systematically.
Components of Korean Broadcasting Production System-Based on Analysis of `Broadcasting Culture` & `PD Journal`
Hong, Kyung-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 115~124
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.115
In this study I selected the keyword analysis method to infer what`s the components of production system. Magazine
were chosen, because they are most close media to production reality. After content analysis of
, key words of main reports were programming production, institution policy, industry, technology. As for
, institution policy, organization, programming production, collective action were frequently found. Even though there are some differences between two media, institution policy, industry, technology, organization keywords are very salient components regarding programming production.
Opportunity Structure Analysis as Cultural Legitimation of Film World after the 1980s -the case of Popular Culture Movement & the Opening of Film Industry-
Kim, Junghwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 125~136
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.125
This paper studied the transition of changes in social status of the film since 1980s` Korea. After accepting the changes in social status of the film as the legitimation process of recognition for social and cultural value, this study investigated those influencing factors. For the purpose, opportunity structure in social movement theory was engaged as a theoretical background. The structured opportunity, which was considered as external variables of the film world, was divided into chance and risk factors. In this paper, the opportunity factors, affecting the legitimation process of film, included the emergence of popular culture movement. The risk factors, being considered as the violation of American filmdom and the consequential response of strategies were also researched. Those factors were responsible not only for external variables of filmdom, but also for compensators and competitors in the legitimation process of the film. Since 1980s`, cultural industrial growth and democratization generation`s entry into the film world affected the legitimation of the film as significant cultural product. Besides, the threat of American film industry changed rationality and competitive landscape of Korean film world.
A Study on the Usability Evaluation of e-Book Interface
Yoon, Sungwook ; Kim, Heesun ; Kim, Hyenki ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 137~144
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.137
As the propagation of smart devices has increased and the variety of the devices also has been diversified, various existing functions are concentrated on these smart devices. One of the phenomena is that the paper-book market has partially transferred into an e-Book market. As the demand of the e-Book has increased over time, the improvement of the types of e-Book on the market can be observed. In this study, the usability evaluation on the interface of the e-Book viewer for the types of application, which can be installed in the smart devices, has been conducted. The items for the usability evaluation of the e-Book were defined, the usage patterns were observed objectively and a questionnaire technique was applied. By analyzing the usability evaluation of e-Book interface, the directions for production and improvement of e-Books have been suggested.
Bottle Designing Development Using Analysis of Maps According to Change in Trends of The Makgeolli Market
Lee, Seung-Yong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 145~154
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.145
Today`s liquor culture in Korea is basically divided into a general liquor culture and a functional liquor culture. In particular, the market of the latter has been going through a rapid change. In the previous days, it was a crop for a special purpose or a fruit which was mostly used to make liquor but now, many other regular crops are being used in the liquor market. At present, while the demand for Makgeolli has risen sharply, the designs of Makgeolli bottles have never satisfied needs from consumers nor the trends in the consumer market. As a result, Makgeolli industry should come up with new designs for the bottles immediately if it dose not want to lose in a competition with other liquor products. The study has looked into existing designs of Makgeolli bottles, investigating how the designs have changed over the past years and how competitive they are in the market. Based on results from the investigation, the study focuses on finding out designs which would fit the trends in the consumer market to develop Makgolli bottles which would be equipped with both functionality and practicality. In other words, to make Makgeolli survive in these rapid changes in the liquor market, the study works on offering a Makgeolli bottle design which is appropriate for certain characteristics of Makeolli and also competitive over other liquor bottles.
Developing the Korean Wave through Encouraging the Participation of YouTube users : The Case Study of the Korean Wave Youth Fans in Hong Kong
Song, Jung Eun ; Jang, Wonho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 155~169
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.155
This research aims to consider the participatory behaviors and the relationship building of the Hong Kong Korean Wave fans on YouTube and to explores the effect of the behaviors in order to spread the Korean Wave. Furthermore, this research seek ways of developing the Korean Wave contents based on fan participation on YouTube. The research conducted both Focus Group Interview and three rounds of email interviews with the Korean Wave fans in Hong Kong. They actively participated in expressing themselves, replying to other comments, and providing video contents as a fan. Also, the fans delivered the YouTube video contents to other Social Network Services(SNS), including facebook, and online fan pages in order to build ties with friends and other the Korean Wave global fans in daily lives. Their YouTube participation contributes to creating two-way communication between the Korean Wave and its global fans by spreading and re-creating the Korean Wave contents.
Improvement Devices on the Law and Institution and Current Situation of Health and Medical Treatment for the Aged
Noh, Jae-Chul ; Ko, Zoon-Ki ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 170~186
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.170
As the population is getting older, medical expenses amount of the whole is keep increasing. So, the pressure of the finances, Health Insurance, Medical Care Assistance Act and etc, is getting higher. The share of healthcare-expense is increasing due to elderly illness. And it became a social problem; we analysed present state of senior healthcare in South Korea-looked into current laws and policies, and found problems. We tried to suggest improvements that drew from the current state of foreign country senior healthcare of those problems. For the result, we found the problem in relevant-law system of senior healthcare guarantee. In this study, we proposed the ways to qualitatively upgrade of medical standard that considered on elderly` features: the strengthened guarantee for healthcare, financial secure for long-term convalescence benefit, linking and functional reinforcement for elderly welfare and long-term convalescence insurance, the solution for overlapped laws about convalescence in long-term convalescence insurance and elderly welfare, a betterment of grading, and a home service consolidation. We need to secure right amount of emergency medical service budget, and effective management system for the improved level of senior severely emergency medical service. Furthermore, we suggested that South Korea needs to legislate [The Law for Senior Medical Secure] to respond to rapidly increasing senior healthcare fee.
Trends of Japanese Adult Guardian`s Type and Its Implications for Korea
Jeon, Byeong-Joo ; Kim, Keon-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 187~197
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.187
The incompetency and quasi-incompetency system regulated legal incompetence in the past is insufficient for protections of the adults with insufficient abilities of judgement, the criticism has been continued that the system is not efficiently respond to their rights and legal relationship formation. At last, the government introduces adult guardianship system through revising the civil law. At this point, just several months prior to the enforcement of adult guardianship system, we should be prepared to issues which may occur in the actual operation of the system. Japan has high similarities in social and culture matters with Korea and in the general operation of its adult guardianship system is similar to Korea`s, Therefore, Korea should be prepared for the basis to implement the optimized system through in advance understanding the trend in Japan. The study reviews the trends of Japanese adult guardian`s type, and draws suggestions for Korea by finding activity requirements and subjects focusing on the currently increasing corporation guardiancy.
Effects of Risk Characteristic and Risk Perception on Risk Severity of Natural Disaster
Song, Hae-Ryong ; Kim, Won-Je ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 198~207
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.198
This study was to examine the effects of risk characteristic and risk perception on risk severity of natural disaster. The findings showed that the risk severity of natural disaster were classified into geographical disaster, storm and flood damage, drought damage. Typhoon among storm and flood damage showed high scores on risk severity of natural disaster. Moreover participants showed high scores on unfamiliar, undiscoverable, and unknown by scientific knowledge among risk characteristic of natural disaster. Second, risk characteristic was significantly correlated to risk perception. Third, risk characteristic influenced positively on risk severity of natural disaster. Especially, risk characteristic had great effect on storm and flood damage among natural disaster. Fourth, risk perception influenced positively on risk severity of natural disaster. Especially, risk perception had great effect on storm and flood damage among natural disaster.
Effect of Smart-phone Addiction on Youth`s Sociality Development
Kim, Byoung-Nyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 208~217
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.208
This study examined effects of smart-phone addiction on the youth`s sociality development empirically by questionnaire survey. To conduct this study, 339 high school students participated in the survey. The major findings of the study were as follows; Smart-phone addiction had a significant influence on sociality development in negative way. Specifically, sub-domain of smart-phone addiction(disturbance of adaptive, virtual life orientation, tolerance) affect on sociality development in negative. Interesting, Smart-phone using time affect on sociality development in positive. The implications of these results for research, practice and future directions were also discussed.
Factors Related to Participation of Elderly in Volunteer Activities
Kim, Yojin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 218~229
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.218
With the increase of the aging population in Korea, the welfare of Korean elderly has become one of main concerns of the society. One essential factor that may enhance the quality of life of the elderly is the active social participation. Involvement in the volunteer activity is one form of social participation that benefits both society and individual. The purpose of this study is to examine the level of Korean elderly`s participation in volunteer activities and factors related to their participation in the context of different age group. People aged 55 and over from wave 2 data of Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing are grouped into pre-old(55-64), young old(65-75), and old old (75 and older). Main analytic tools include descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis. Results indicated that social relationships of the elderly were the most important factors related with their participation with voluntary activities. Also highlighted is the importance of considering the diversity among the older population.
Mediating Effects of Problem Focused and Emotion Focused Coping, Drinking Anticipation Between the Female Alcoholics Traumatic Experienced and Their Warning of Relapse
Woo, Jea-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 230~238
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.230
This research purposes to investigate parameters which effect on the relapse of alcoholism, to understand psychological factors for stress control and drinking anticipation which lead to the relapse of female alcoholism and to seek practical ways in social welfare for alcoholism, focusing on the traumatic experiences and post traumatic stress symptoms of female alcoholics experienced physical, sexual abuses. The main results of this research can be summarized as follows. First, the characteristic related with physical, sexual traumatic experiences of subjects is that physical, sexual abuses by acquaintances under 18 is more common than that experiences over 18. Second, the 8 pathes among 10 direct pathes are statistically significant. Third, as the result of verification of indirect effects through parameters, in the model, 4 out of 6 indirect pathes parameterized as post traumatic stress symptoms, problem focused coping, and drinking anticipation are significant. Based on these results, the practical implications for the warning of relapse of female alcoholics had been discussed.
Grounded Theoretical Approach to the Life of Mothers as a Caretaker of Children with a Severe Disability
Jeun, Chan-Young ; Seo, Mia ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 239~249
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.239
The purpose of this study was to explore process of life experience for mothers of children with severe disabilities. Strauss and Corbin`s Grounded theory approach was used. Total 17 mothers who have experience of caring for severely disabled child participated. In-depth interviews was done from January 2010 to May 2011. Three to seven interviews were done for each participant. As a result of this study, 119 concepts, 41 subordinate categories and 20 categories have been revealed. The experience of caring children with severe disabilities were `desolate life` `plunging in darkness` `managing to pull oneself` `rising again` and `rediscovering of life`. The core category of selective coding was rediscovering of new life from life in darkness. It is suggested that welfare policies need to be modified and new policies need to established for mothers who care for severely disabled children.
Influence of Clinical Nurses` Emotional Labor on Happiness in Workplace
Ko, Jeong-Ok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 250~261
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.250
This study is designed to examine the influence of emotional labor on the happiness in workplace related with the atmosphere at their working place in the clinical nurses. Data were collected by questionaires from 312 clinical nurses who work in the general hospital in the city "J". In results, emotional labor was related significantly negative correlation with happiness in workplace. Individual differences explained 7.7% of the happiness in workplace and emotional labor explained additional 8.9% of the happiness with control of the individual differences of hierachycal regression, so that the explanatory power of this study was 16.6% (F
Risk Factors of Breast Cancer According to Life Style
Yoo, Yang-Gyeong ; Choi, Soon-Ky ; Hwang, Soon-Jung ; Kim, Hee-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 262~272
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.262
This study was conducted to investigate the association between breast cancer-related risk factors including socio-demographic characteristics and the lifestyle-related factors and the development of breast cancer. The study was comparative analysis of cancer patients group and control group. 102 breast cancer patients visited in J university hospital and 110 randomly-selected community controls were recruited from October 2011 to June 2012. Eating vegetables, physical activity and stress coping reduce breast cancer risk. Therefore, this study highlights the importance of eating vegetables, physical activity, and stress management in preventing breast cancer.
Effect on Body Balance due to Occlusal Biteplane Splint
Kim, Jeong-Uk ; Park, Min-Chull ; Choi, Sung-Min ; Lee, Sang-Yeol ; Won, Hyeon-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 273~280
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.273
This study aims to examine the influences of wearing an occlusal biteplane splint on balance of the body. 10 subjects were selected who had neither impaired occlusion and masticating systems nor difficulty in walking along with no medical history in temporomandibular joint. Measurements were conducted with the Fukuda stepping test, the limits of stability test. The level of significance,
to determine the statistical significance was .05. Fukuda stepping test and the limits of stability test were put to the Wilcoxon signed test. As a result of this study, there was a significant difference in the moving distance in the Fukuda stepping test (p<.05). In addition, there were significant differences in the results of the limits of stability test (p<.05). In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that wearing the occlusal biteplane splint has an positive influence on the balance of the boby.
Current State and Applications of the Electronic Clinical Trial Process in Korea
Wang, Boram ; Choi, Inyoung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 281~289
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.281
As the number of clinical trials conducted in Korea increases, the need of the Electronic Data Capture (EDC) system for effective clinical data management is also increased. Recently, the Korea Food and Drug Association published `Guideline for the Electronic Clinical Trial Data Management and Processing` and it would be the foundation for establishing regulation of electronic clinical data management. In this research, we conducted the survey regarding adoption rate of EDC system in clinical trials in hospitals, Contract Research Organizations (CRO), and pharmaceutical companies. And the perceived importance and the ease of application for the Guideline were investigated. The adoption rates of EDC system was 77.6% but it mostly applied to less than five trials. Also EDC system was mostly used in phase I and phase II trials and the utilization rate of CRO was the highest. The perceived importance for the Guideline was high among all three organizations but, in case of the perceived ease of its application, CRO was the highest. Also, the perceived importance of the clinical data standard was high and the standard for data collection was mostly required. However, the comprehension for the global standard of the electronic data was relatively low, so that education is required. This result would be the foundation to increase the electronic clinical trials and develop proper regulation and principles for clinical data standards in Korea.
Evaluation of Radiation Dose and Image Quality Between Manual and Automatic Exposure Control Mode According to Body Mass Index in Cardiac CT
Kim, Hyeong-Jin ; Moon, Il-Bong ; Han, Jae-Bok ; Choi, Nam-Gil ; Jang, Seong-Ju ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 290~299
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.290
This study included 198 patients who underwent prospectively electrocardiogram-triggered high-pitch spiral mode(FLASH mode) in cardiac CT for health check: 123 patients who underwent manual exposure control(Group A) and 75 patients who underwent automatic exposure control(Group B). Patients were classified according to BMI grades: Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4. Radiation dose, objective and subjective image quality between two groups were compared. In Group B, tube voltage were significantly decreased in all BMI grades. Both
and effective dose were significantly reduced in the BMI Grade 1, 3, and 4 whereas they were slightly reduced in the Grade 2(p>0.05), SNR was significantly decreased in the Grade 1 and increased in the Grade 3(p<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the Grade 2, 4 between the two groups(p>0.05). CNR was significantly decreased in the Grade 1(p<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the Grade 2, 3, 4 between the two groups(p>0.05). The subjective image quality showed no significant difference in all BMI Grades between the two groups(p>0.05). Automatic exposure control can lead to a significant reduction of radiation exposure dose without degradation of subjective image quality.
Factors Influencing on Influenza Vaccination Coverage
Park, Myung-Bae ; Kim, Chun-Bae ; Joo, Hyun-Sil ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 300~311
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.300
The aim of this study was to investigate the factors influencing on influenza vaccination among socio-demographic characteristics and health behaviors. Data of 18,299 adults of age between 19 and 65 years who answered to the survey on National Health and Nutrition and influenza vaccination from 2007 to 2010 was used and analyzed. Overall influenza vaccination rate was 21.7%. Logistic regression analysis revealed that factors influencing on influenza vaccination were an increasing age, a residence in rural area, a high personal income, a low educational level, jobless women, experience of hospital visits, and morbidity of chronic illnesses. In conclusion, influenza vaccination rate in Korea is low and influenced by multiple socio-demographic factors and health behaviors. It is needed to seek a strategy to develop a vaccination program in consideration of factors associated with influenza vaccination.
Influence of Microhardness and Mineral Content on Fluoride Materials Containing Low Concentration with Sodium Fluoride
Kim, Hye-Young ; Nam, Seoul-Hee ; Jeong, Mi-Ae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 312~319
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.312
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of gargle and toothpaste containing low concentration with sodium fluoride on the remineralization through the surface microhardness and mineral content in enamel. After 4 weeks-application, the enamel surface was measured using microhardness tester and the calcium (Ca) and phosphorous (P) concentration of mineral content by electron probe microanalyzer (EPMA) analysis. By combining fluoridated gargle with toothpaste, a remineralized enamel resulted in significantly significant differences among the four groups (p<0.05). The Ca change treated with 0.23% fluoridated toothpaste and 0.02% fluoridated gargle with 0.23% toothpaste demonstrated the highest among the other groups. In conclusion. the fluoridated gargle with toothpaste by low concentration showed a significantly greatest synergistic effect on remineralization of the enamel than the other groups.
Effects of Chest Compression Quality between Rescuer`s Simplified Verbal-Order Method and Continued Verbal-Order Method during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Baek, Hong-Seok ; Park, Sang-Sub ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 320~330
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.320
The purpose of this study is to increase efficiency of CPR through comparing the chest-compression quality between rescuer`s simplified verbal order method and the continued verbal order method by utilizing voice meter during CPR. Subjects were 89 people(45 people for the experimental group, 44 people for the control group) who completed the 15-week CPR curriculum as undergraduates for the department of Emergency Medical Technology in C Province and were carried out by being randomly extracted. The group division was set for the experimental group as the group with the simplified verbal order and for the control group as the group with the continued verbal order. The period of measurement was progressed primarily(November 10, November 28, 2011) and secondarily(September 3-September 4, 2012). An analysis was used SPSS WIN 12.0 program. As a result of research, as for the implementation of appropriate chest compression(time, %), the quality was higher(p<.05) in the experimental group(102.86 times, 67.79%) than the control group(85.31 times, 55.84%). As a result of research, the chest compression(time, %) in the experimental group(102.86 times, 67.79%) had the higher effect of chest compression quality(p<.05) than the control group(85.31 times, 55.84%). On the other hand, the operation of weak chest compression(time) was higher in control group(61.13 times) than experimental group(35.54 times). The proper chest compression was shown(p<.05) in men of the experimental group as for gender and in over 60kg of the experimental group as for weight.
Changes of Physicopsychological Function difference on Trunk Control Exercise in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain
Ko, Dae-Sik ; Kim, Chan-Kyu ; Jung, Dae-In ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 331~338
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.331
This study conducted the following experiment to examine change of physicopsychological function on Dynamic Trunk Control Exercise(3D-DTCE) and Static Trunk Control Exercise (STCE) to chronic low back pain patients subject for lumbago therapy and management. Physical function was measured by equlibrium and lumbar muscle activities and psychological function was measured by self-efficacy on comparative analysis of pre, post exercise and each groups in 30 lumbago patient subject. Equlibrium was measured by total, front back and left right sway index, lumbar muscle activities were measured by abdominal rectus and oblique abdominalis, erector spinae and self efficacy with lumbago patients was measured index of self efficacy. These result lead us to the conclusion that each group were statistically improved at all physicopsychological test. but equlibrium and lumbar muscle activities were more statistically improved at DTCE group and self efficacy with lumbago patients were not differanced on each group. Consequently, DTCE would be lead to positive increment of physical function more than STCE.
Affecting Factors of Career Satisfaction Perceived by Senior Nursing Students
Kim, Jeong-Ah ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 339~349
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.339
This study was undertaken to investigate the degree of career satisfaction and its affecting factors for senior nursing students. The subjects were 131 senior nursing students from one college located in Seoul. The data analyzed by using SPSS-WIN 18.0 program. Career satisfaction showed a significant positive correlation with recognition of career related to major(r
Analysis of Economic Effects of Beauty Industry by Input-Output Table
Bae, Ki-Hyung ; Lee, Yun-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 350~360
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.350
The purpose of this study was to analyze how much the beauty industry contributes to the national economy by measuring economic spreading effects of beauty industry on national economy. To achieve this purpose, the study used the beauty Input-Output Table of year 2009 of korea. The results shows that beauty industry induce 598,453 billion won of national production, especially beauty industry shows that production inducement coefficient is 1.810,Index of the power of dispersion is 0.965, index of the sensitivity of dispersion is 0.534, value-added coefficient is 0.728, and labor inducement coefficient is 0.039. The beauty industry`s final demand 11,004 won be put into the national economy, GDP inducement 598,438 one billion won in the beauty industry one billion won 11,029 accounted for 1.8% of the total, and the value-added inducement 4,947 billion(2.3%),tax inducement 23,798.5 billion(3.5 %), income inducement 91,187 billion(2.5%). Regarding the industrial linkage effect, beauty industry has an relatively higher growth potential in the national economy than other the manufacturing industry.
Analyzing Impact Factors of User Resistance to Accepting Paid Mobile Application
Song, Seong-Beom ; Kang, Ju-Young ; Lee, Sang-Gun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 361~375
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.361
While the mobile application market is growing fast, the revenues of the majority apps are declining. Moreover, paid mobile application prices and purchases have been slow because of intensifying competition. However, the conventional studies focused only on the acceptance factor of mobile applications, so they cannot explain the phenomenon such as acceptance resistance for paid mobile applications. Therefore, our study tries to analyze the factors for the acceptance resistance of users for paid mobile applications. The research model in this paper, which is based on S-O-R model, verified through surveys how social influence and app characteristics affect user perception and how user perception affects to app resistance. The results of our study showed that paid mobile applications happened to be destroyed in front of the chasm because of the perceived loss. Consequently, the results implicate that the developers should lower the initial price and actively react to the negative reviews in order to lower the perceived loss. Moreover, the results verified that a sense of self-efficacy can lower application acceptance resistance by including personal properties to our research model as control variables.
Examination of Organizational Communication and Culture as a Moderator of the Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Organizational Performance
Lee, Gunhyuk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 376~388
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.376
This study investigated the role of organizational communication, culture and trust as a moderator of the organizational performance(the growth of production and quality improvement) and job satisfaction. Using data collected from 248 workers at 128 establishments in Changwon industrial complex, morderated regression analyses explored the proposed model. As a result, communication activity and organizational trust was found negatively to moderate the relationship between job satisfaction and quality improvement/the growth of production. And organizational culture was found positively to moderate the relationship between satisfaction and quality improvement. Implications of these findings were discussed.
Decision Making for the Industrial Security Management Measures` Importance in Operation Level
Chae, Jeong-Woo ; Jeong, Jin-Hong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 389~398
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.389
This study aims to support rational security investment decision making through prioritizing on operational level of management measures strategically, in carrying out industrial security activities. For this, AHP survey is conducted against industrial security professionals and analyzed. Thereafter, the importance and the priority of industrial security management measures are determined. As a result, in a comparison evaluation among the criteria, `ICT service management` represents the highest weight (0.54). And the sub-criteria could be divided into three groups (Group I, II, III), depending on their importance. The sensitivity analysis results show that if the weight of the criterion, `ICT systems/networks access control` is doubled, the sub-criteria, `O/S access control`, `application access control`, and `wired/wireless network access control` are enter into top rank group. In case of the criterion, `physical/environmental security` is doubled, the sub-criteria, `protection zoning/access control` and `disaster prevention on business equipment/counter-terrorism` are enter into the top rank group, `securing utilities` is enter into the mid rank group.
Analysis of a Repair Processes Using a Process Mining Tool
Choi, Sang Hyun ; Han, Kwan Hee ; Lim, Gun Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 399~406
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.399
Recently, studies about process mining for creating and analyzing business process models from log data have received much attention from BPM (Business Process Management) researchers. Process mining is a kind of method that extracts meaningful information and hidden rules from the event log of enterprise information systems such as ERP and BPM. In this paper, repair processes of electronic devices are analyzed using ProM which is a process mining tool. And based on the analysis of repair processes, the method for finding major failure patterns is proposed by multi-dimensional data analysis beyond simple statistics. By using the proposed method, the reliability of electronic device can be increased by providing the identified failure patterns to design team.
Research on the Effect of Leisure Types of Casino Dealer on Organization Trust, Customer Orientation and Organization Commitment
Lee, Jin-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 407~417
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.407
The purpose of this study is to investigate leisure types of casino dealers, and how these leisure types effect the organization trust, customer orientation, organization commitment. This study was performed survey questionnaire on casino dealers at Kangwondo and Seoul. To achieve the research objectives, analysis methods were used: regression analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results of the study were as follows. First, leisure types had a effect on organization trust. Second, leisure types had a effect on customer orientation and organization commitment. Third, organization trust had a effect on organization commitment. Finally, customer orientation had a effect on organization commitment. The results of this study suggested implications for effective human resource management practices on casino dealers in leisure activities and support measures for the organization in connection with the leisure types.
Shape Analysis for the Activation of a Traditional Zzaim
Namgoong, Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 418~426
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.418
This study aims to analyze the formativeness of zzaim (traditional craft techniques to combine two or more materials to make an angle or to weave them to make a slope side) and systematically classified these techniques to help furniture manufacturers effectively utilize them in the design of contemporary furniture. From this data, furniture manufacturers can have benefits to understand which type of zzaim techniques will be appropriate to their plan of building furniture, and practically use relevant techniques in the field. This study classified four different applications of zzaim techniques depending on sites, such as (1) the top, (2) middle body, (3) lower body, and (4) legs of furniture. In summary, zzaim techniques are differently applied depending on the application sites and formative types of furniture. This feature makes general furniture manufacturers who want to apply zzaim techniques for the first time have hard time to understand which kind of technique should be applied to which part. Recognizing this problem, this study expects general manufacturers as well as master artisans to more effectively utilize zzaim techniques by providing the systematic data on the formative analysis of types of furniture and application sites.
Analysis of Social Network According to The Distance of Characters Statements
Park, Gyeong-Mi ; Kim, Sung-Hwan ; Cho, Hwan-Gue ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 427~439
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.427
With the fast development of complex science, lots of social networks are studied. We know that the social network is widely applied in analyzing issues in human culture, economics and web sciences. Recently we witness that some researchers began to compare the social network constructed from fiction literatures(literature social network) and the real social network obtained from practice. But we point that previous approaches for literature social network have some drawbacks since they completely depend on the biographical dictionary constructed for a designated literature. So since the previous approach focus on the few important characters and peoples around them, we can not understand the global structure of all characters appeared in the literature at least once. We propose one method to extract all characters appeared in the literature and how to make the social network from that information. Also we newly propose K-critical network by applying frequency of the named characters and the strength of relationship among all textual characters. Our experiment shows that the K-critical measure could be one crucial quantitative measure to compute the relationship strength among characters appeared in the object literature.
Technology Trend of Smart Clothing: Based on Patent Information Analysis
You, Youngbok ; Choi, Kyeyoun ; Park, Boyana ; Jeong, Euiseob ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 440~451
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.440
Advancement of science technology, combined with other technologies including smart clothing, enables value added product developments and market creation. Accordingly, it became necessary to identify technology trends promptly and to prepare future technology road map. For this purpose, many bibliometric analysis using thesis and patents have been made. However, few such attempts are made in clothing study. Thus, the study examined the latest technology trends and future technology development directions of smart clothing from empirical bibliometric analysis based on smart clothing patent documents. In addition, comparative analysis was made about the market leadership and technology development capability of core sectors by countries utilizing market reach index expressed as patent families and technology development index. The study revealed that overall smart clothing technology development trends has been continuously increasing since 2000. Also the results confirmed that it is in the development stage from the fact that each year the number of patents and patent applicants in portfolio analysis also has been increasing. In addition, comparative results of patent market share and market reach index, with the highest in electronics/ICT technology sectors, indicated that this is the technology sector with competitive acquisition of comparatively advanced technology and market expansion. The analysis methodology of economic value of technology including the presented market reach index in this report is expected to be utilized in the process to identify the current positioning of core technology and future development direction.
Automatic Method for Transforming Image into Tactile Map Based on Cognitive Characteristics of Visually Impaired Persons
Kim, Hye-Young ; Cho, Jin-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 452~458
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.452
In this paper, we propose the method for automatically transfers images into tactile maps information based on cognition characteristics of visually impaired persons to more easily provide various image information for visually impaired persons. The proposed method automatically classify color images into row complexity and high complexity based on intensity information and transfer images into tactile map information using each different transformation process. Experimental evaluation, We performed with visually impaired five persons experiments for evaluating the recognition and satisfaction that tactile maps of the proposed automatic transforming method and the manually generated tactile maps of braille textbooks. Experimental results, the recognition and satisfaction that the tactile maps of the proposed method generated are very similar to those of the tactile maps of braille textbooks. Therefore, it could hugely be reduced the time and money of production education materials, and it could greatly improved educative results because it can add more easily that many image data of education materials.
Developing Korean Learning Contents Using Augmented Reality
Park, Eunha ; Jeon, Jinwoo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 459~468
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.459
With advancements in augmented reality technology, attempts to apply it in various fields have increased. With advancements in information technology and a growth in the number of Korean learners in Korea and abroad, there is a growing demand for state-of-the-art Korean learning contents. Because the Korean learning contents developed using augmented reality have been found insufficient, this paper investigates ways to develop better contents. This paper proposes ways to develop learning contents that can increase learners` interest in learning and lead to academic achievement, because the methods of education in Korea are limited to textbook learning and learning through the media. Because of the structure of fairytales and the educational lessons that can be learned from them, Korean learning contents are developed using fairytales. Additionally, Korean contents are designed to implement augmented reality technology, and learners need only have computers, webcams, and markers to make use of it. In consideration of Korean learners who do not have access to augmented reality technology, this paper clarifies that there should be a harmony between existing and new Korean learning contents. On the basis of this study, further studies on Korean education exploring the role of augmented reality should be conducted so that Korean learning contents that use diverse types of augmented reality technology can be will developed.
Young Children`s User Experience on Dramatic Activities Relying on Robot Projector Based Augmented Reality
Hyun, Eunja ; Yeon, Hyemin ; Choi, Kyoung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 469~480
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.469
The purpose of this study is to investigate young children`s user experience on three types of dramatic activity: traditional dramatic activities, dramatic activities relying on robot projector based augmented reality and creative dramatic activities relying on robot projector based augmented reality. Participants were 20 five-year-old children attending D kindergarten, in Seoul, Korea. They read 3 picture books, then did 3 types of dramatic activities in order. Participants were divided into 3 groups in each activity then they took a role as actors and audiences in order. After all dramatic activities had been done, participants had been interviewed regarding to user experience. The findings of this study are as follows; First, the most interesting dramatic activity for young children was creative dramatic activities relying on robot projector based augmented reality. On the other hand, the least interesting activity was traditional dramatic activities. Second, They answered it the easiest one for them the dramatic activities relying on robot projector based augmented reality, whereas the hardest one was the creative dramatic activities relying on robot projector based augmented reality. Thirdly, all the participants answered that it was not hard for them to use the technology embedded in dramatic activities relying on robot projector based augmented reality. They acknowledged the effects of augmented reality technology and the role of robot as well. The result of this study would suggest the feasibility of new technology promoting young children`s digital literacy.
Exploration into Better College Cultural Contents Education for Manifestation of Creativity
Lee, Byung-Min ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 481~496
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.481
The purpose of this study was to make a basic research on college cultural contents education in an effort to step up the manifestation of the creativity of cultural contents experts in line with the development of the fast-changing era of creative economy. It`s basically meant to analyze the characteristics of cultural contents education in relation to creative idea to seek practical ways of improving that education. What problems there were with cultural contents education and how that education was actually provided were analyzed to suggest some of the right directions for client-centered cultural contents education. Earlier studies were analyzed, and the results of a survey that was conducted on students whose major was linked to cultural contents were analyzed as well. As a result, current cultural contents education was considered not to be satisfactory due to existing teaching methods, learning process and curriculums that were devoid of creativity. To rectify the situation, interdisciplinary attempts should be made such as multi-major, interdisciplinary programs or convergence education, and plenty of experiments, sufficient practice and an increase in the number of faculty members are all required. In terms of education, existing curriculums and courses should urgently be revamped to strengthen field placement and creative discussions. As for educational methods, the lecture method should be avoided, and specialized education should be offered instead, which should strike a balance between discussion, team play and project education. It is expected to produce good results if there are appropriate connection among different major fields of study and the harmonious implementation of diverse internship, convergence and field placement programs.
Perception Research on Providing for NEIS Student and Parent Services based on Smartphone
Sung, Young-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 497~507
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.49
According to increasing smartphone users, Public mobile services is expanding across all areas, including education. We have to prepare NEIS(National Education Information System) student and parent service based on smartphone that provide information about student`s school life for the smartphone users. Therefore, in this paper, we conducted an online questionnaire survey for student and parent. User`s perception for existing services were analyzed by factors of content availability, service utilization, and user affinity. Reliability analysis of the collected data, the results of correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis were found reliable. The user affinity factor have the most significant impact on user satisfaction and intention to user smartphone service. Consequently, the study stresses a measure of NEIS student and parent service based on smartphone and public education information service through the perception analysis of these.
Effects of Education for Persons with Disabilities on Non-disabled Children`s Attitude to Accept Disabled Children
Yoo, Yong-Shik ; Kwon, Sun-Sin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 508~517
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.508
This study aims to analyze the effects of education for persons with disabilities on non-disabled children`s attitude to accept disabled children in order to use it as foundational data to practice successful integrated education. According to the study result, education for persons with disabilities positively changed non-disabled children`s attitude to accept disabled children`s school life and personal life. This plainly shows that education for persons with disabilities is effective regardless of time consumed even with the short time of four weeks here. However, it did not exert positive effects on their attitude to accept social life. Therefore, it is needed to develop education programs for persons with disabilities constantly with various approaches in order to get rid of non-disabled people`s wrong recognition on disability and also ignorance about disability.
The Effect of the Collective Reward and Punishment Marks System on Children`s Adaptation to School -Focusing on the Primary-school Children in the upper Grades-
Lee, Hyun-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 4, 2013, Pages 518~528
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.04.518
A number of schools have introduced the Reward and Punishment Mark System. It has been applied to children at school in order to minimize the ill effects that are often caused by physical punishment. In this case, teachers have caused problematic issues in the course of student life guidance at school. However, the application of the personal Reward and Punishment Mark System raises many other questions as well. Accordingly, there is the necessity of making up for its weak points on the systematic level. The purpose of this study is to understand the Effect of the Collective Reward and Punishment Mark System, as a substitute punishment to the physical punishment, applying the reward and punishment mark system not to an individual but to a group. The Collective Reward and Punishment Mark System for the upper grade students of primary schools showed a positive effect which assists their adaptation to school. To put it more concretely, according to the characters of the study subjects, the system has proved that boy students are more positively affected than girl students. It has been also revealed that those students in the fourth grade experience a positive change in all areas of the adaptation to school, while those in the fifth and the sixth grade were negatively affected. Moreover, those who hold a lower rank in respect of grade achievement experienced a more positive change than those standing among a high rank. It is expected that the Effect of the Collective Reward and Punishment Marks System, on the basis of the study, possesses affirmative intervention on the field.