Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Contents Association
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
Authoring of Dynamic Information in Augmented Reality Using Video Object Definition
Nam, Yang-Hee ; Lee, Seo-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.001
It is generally required to use modeling or animation tools for inserting dynamic objects into augmented reality, and this process demands high expertise and complexity. This paper proposes a video object based authoring method that enables augmentation with dynamic video objects without such process. Integrated grab-cut and grow-cut method strips initial area of video target off the existing video clips, and snap-cut method is then applied to track objects` boundaries over frames so as to augment real world with continuous motion frames. Experiment shows video cut-out and authoring results achieved by only a few menu selections and simple correcting sketch.
An Implementation of Spatio-Temporal Graph to Represent Situations in the Virtual World
Park, Jong-Hee ; Jung, Gung-Hun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 9~19
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.009
In this paper, we develop a Spatio-Temporal graph as of a key component of our knowledge representation Scheme. We design an integrated representation scheme to depict not only present and past but future in parallel with the spaces in an effective and intuitive manner. An event in general occupies not only a space but a time. Hence a crucial premise for the simulation of virtual situations is to position events in the multi-dimensional context, that is, 3-D space extended by the temporal dimension. Furthermore an event tends to have physical, social and mental aspects intertwined. As a result we need diverse information structures and functions to model entities and relations associated with events and to describe situations in different stances or perspectives of the virtual agents. These structures and functions are implemented in terms of integrated and intuitive representation schemes at different levels such as Ontology View, Instance View, ST View, Reality View. The resulting multi-dimensional comprehensive knowledge structure accommodates multi-layered virtual world developing in the time to maximize the diversity of situations in the historical context. The viability of this knowledge representation scheme is demonstrated with a typical scenario applied to a simulator implemented based on the ST Graph. The virtual stage based on the ST graph can be used to provide natural contexts for situated learning or next-generation simulation games.
Improved Error Detection Scheme Using Data Hiding in Motion Vector for H.264/AVC
Ko, Man-Geun ; Suh, Jae-Won ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 20~29
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.020
The compression of video data is intended for real-time transmission of band-limited channels. Compressed video bit-streams are very sensitive to transmission error. If we lose packets or receive them with errors during transmission, not only the current frame will be corrupted, but also the error will propagate to succeeding frames due to the spatio-temporal predictive coding structure of sequences. Error detection and concealment is a good approach to reduce the bad influence on the reconstructed visual quality. To increase concealment efficiency, we need to get some more accurate error detection algorithm. In this paper, We hide specific data into the motion vector difference of each macro-block, which is obtained from the procedure of inter prediction mode in H.264/AVC. Then, the location of errors can be detected easily by checking transmitted specific data in decoder. We verified that the proposed algorithm generates good performances in PSNR and subjective visual quality through the computer simulation by H.324M mobile simulation tool.
Refresh Cycle Optimization for Web Crawlers
Cho, Wan-Sup ; Lee, Jeong-Eun ; Choi, Chi-Hwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 30~39
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.030
Web crawler should maintain fresh data with minimum server overhead for large amount of data in the web sites. The overhead in the server increases rapidly as the amount of data is exploding as in the big data era. The amount of web information is increasing rapidly with advanced wireless networks and emergence of diverse smart devices. Furthermore, the information is continuously being produced and updated in anywhere and anytime by means of easy web platforms, and smart devices. Now, it is becoming a hot issue how frequently updated web data has to be refreshed in data collection and integration. In this paper, we propose dynamic web-data crawling methods, which include sensitive checking of web site changes, and dynamic retrieving of web pages from target web sites based on historical update patterns. Furthermore, we implemented a Java-based web crawling application and compared efficiency between conventional static approaches and our dynamic one. Our experiment results showed 46.2% overhead benefits with more fresh data compared to the static crawling methods.
Wild Fire Monitoring System using the Image Matching
Lee, Seung-Hee ; Shin, Bum-Joo ; Song, Bok-Deuk ; An, Sun-Joung ; Kim, Jin-Dong ; Lee, Hak-Jun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 40~47
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.040
In case of wild fire, early detection of wild fire is the most important factor in minimizing the damages. In this paper, we suggest an effective system that detects wild fire using a panoramic image from a single camera with PAN/TILT head. This enables the system to detect the size and the location of the fire in the early stages. After converting RGB image input to color YCrCb image, the differential image is used to detect changes in movement of the smoke to determine the regions which may be prone to forest fire. Histogram analysis of fire flame is used to determine the possibility of fire in the predetermined regions. In addition, image matching and SURF were used to create the panoramic image. There are many advantages in this system. First of all, it is very economical because this system needs only a single camera and a monitor. Second, it shows the live image of wide view through panoramic image. Third, this system can reduce the quantity of saved data by storing panoramic images.
Parallel Processing of Multi-Core Processor and GPUs in Projection Step for Efficient Fluid Simulation
Kim, Sun-Tae ; Jung, Hwi-Ryong ; Hong, Jeong-Mo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 48~54
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.048
In these days, the state-of-art technologies employ the heterogeneous parallelization of CPU and GPU for fluid simulations in the field of computer graphics. In this paper, we present a novel CPU-GPU parallel algorithm that solves projection step of fluid simulation more efficiently than existing sequential CPU-GPU processing. Fluid simulation that requires high computational resources can be carried out efficiently by the proposed method.
Implementation of Real-time VJing System for Live Projection Mapping Performance
Noh, Seon ; Lee, Jaejoong ; Park, Jin Wan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 55~66
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.055
In these days, small devices like smartphones, TV, and projectors are popular, and they are being developed rapidly. The projector is being used in cinema and exhibition because it makes a big screen. This feature makes new expression named projection-mapping in art world. Projection-mapping is being utilized extensively in stages of performances, and it use variety of shape`s screens. But projection-mapping has limitation in space. So in this paper, we propose new performance system for projection-mapping and it make possible to overcome many difficulties. Also, we discuss the result of using the system in actual performance. We hope to develop the utilization of projection-mapping in performance.
Impacts of Intrinsic Motivation and Gender Difference on Video Game Genre Usage: A Multiple Group Comparison Approach
Kim, Jung Kyu ; Ahn, Jungsun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 67~76
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.067
By integrating of intrinsic motivation theory and flow theory, this study sought to investigate the causal linkage among optimal balance of video game player`s perceived skill and challenge, flow experience, intrinsic motivation and video game genre usage. A path analysis showed that the different types of video game usage were directly influenced by players` intrinsic motivations, which were also reinforced by players` flow experiences of enjoyment. However, the path model with a multiple group approach provided no strong evidence for gender differences in the relationships between the variables of interest.
Analysis on Video Image Effect in
, China`s Performing Arts Work of Cultural Tourism
Yook, Jung-Hak ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 77~85
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.077
This study aims to analyze the effects that video image in Seo-an`s
, claiming to China`s first gigantic historic dance drama, has on the performance; it focuses on investigating which video image is used to accomplish the effects in showing specific themes and materials in
. Image is meant by `reflection of object`, such as movie, television, dictionary, etc, with its coverage being extensive. The root of a word, image`, is founded on imitary, signifying specifically and mentally visual representation. In other words, video image is considered combination of two synonymous words, `video` and `image`. Video is not just comprehension of traditional art genre, like literary value, theatrical qualities, and artistry of scenario, but wholeness as product, integrating original functions of all kinds of art and connecting subtle image creation of human being. The effects of video image represented in
are as followings; first, expressive effect of the connotative meaning, reflecting the spirit of the age and its culture. Second, imaginary identification. Third, transformation scene. Fourth, dramatic interest through immersion. Last but not least, visual effect by dint of dimension of performance.
and Historical Allegory
Han, Sang-Eon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 86~94
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.086
2000s Korean cinema was influenced by capital, so it chose the way of Allegory instead of talking directly about sensitive issues. A representative movie director is Park Chan Wook who directed The Vengeance Trilogy.
, The final part of Park Chan Wook`s The Vengeance Trilogy, reflected Baroque Aesthetics. I analyzed
focusing on Walter Benjamin`s Allegory notion in this paper. Walter Benjamin said Allegory is different from a symbol which is represented by totality. Allegory means to reconstruct the fragment instinctively and to expose something repressed. The German Tragic Drama during the baroque period reflects this well. It is my argument that Park Chan Wook incorporated these underlying themes from German Tragic Drama into
. He deconstructed the liberation and the birth myth of a nation, and he restored the socialist and anarchist who were completely excluded from history.
Analysis of the Correlation between Narrative and Emotions Displayed by Movie Characters through a Quantitative Analysis of Dialogues in a Movie
You, Eun-Soon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 95~107
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.095
A linguistic element found in a movie, dialogue, plays a critical role in building up narrative structure. Still, analyses conducted on movies mostly focus on images due to the nature of a movie that conveys a story through its visual images while dialogue has either been underestimated or received less spotlight despite their importance. This study highlights the significance of lines in a movie. This study calls attention to dialogue, which has stayed out of the main focus and been on the periphery thus far when analyzing movies, so as to see how they contribute to constructing a narrative. It then spotlights the significance of dialogue in the movie. To this end, the study sorts out emotional expressions articulated by actors through their dialogues then to make polarity classification into affirmation and negation, followed by a quantitative analysis of how the polarity proportion of emotional expressions changes depending on the narrative structure. The study also suggests a narrative`s relevance with emotions by pointing to dynamic emotional changes that shift between affirmation and negation depending on incidents, conflicts and resolution thereof throughout a movie.
The Effects of the Existence and Type of Originals on Box-office Performance
Lee, Yun-Jeong ; Shin, Hyung-Deok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 108~115
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.108
This study focused on whether the existence and type of originals have any effects on box-office performance of the movie. Cultural products have characteristics of experience goods of which consumers hardly know the value of the products before they actually experience the products. To reduce the uncertainty, movie producers may want to use existing contents already made for other type of cultural products, which is generally called of One Source Multi Use. Using 381 Korean box-office data during January 2010 and September 2012, this study found that, first, the existence of original affects positively the movie`s box office performance, second, the fiction based original has a positive effect on the movie`s box office performance while cartoon and movie/TV based originals do not, and third, the movie type(commercial movie) positively moderates the relationship between fiction based original and movie performance. This study showed that box-office performance is not only affected by the characteristics of the movie itself, but also affected by other conditions including the use of existing originals created for other purposes.
Development of Colored Gemstone Products Through Analysis of Color Preference
Lee, Ki-Sang ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 116~124
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.116
This study aims to develop colored gemstone products based on the analysis of color preference. Colored gem stones were classified by their colors using Munsell`s ten basic colors and the color preference of women consumers in their twenties was analyzed, in consideration of trend analysis and design image description analysis, which led to the direction of product development. The analysis of color preference seems to suggest that consumers preferred blue quartz, cahnite, spessartite garnet, the colors of which are rather less known to ordinary consumers, to the other more common kinds of gem stones. Through the analysis of the trends and adjectives to describe preferable design images, the current study has made it possible to explore the designs for the future development of colored jewelry products, which would satisfy the consumption value and individual tastes of the consumers. It is expected that the current study may contribute to the jewelry industries and designers as a basic data for developing colored gem stone products.
Social Reflection of Director Choi Donghoon -based on the Theory of Carnival of Mikhail M. Bakhtin
Lee, Minho ; Yi, Hyoin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 125~136
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.125
Director Choi Donghoon is the most famous director in Korea as a box office successor, especially
(2102) has gained No. 1 box office attraction in Korean film history. However some critics have criticised the works of Dr. Choi because of their plebeianness. This paper focused on the reason of interaction with audiences through the theory of carnival of Mikhail M. Bakhtin. Because the theory of carnival is not only the adapted method to account for the power of popular culture to M. Baktin but also the useful method to understand the keys of interaction of Dr. Choi`s films. It`s not difficult to find the esthetic elements of carnival theory example for `dethronement & coronation`, `overturn & ridicule`, `image of feast`, `language of square` in the films of Choi which are The Big Swindle(2004), Tazza: The High Rollers(2006), Woochi(2009), The Thieves(2012). Therefore this paper has endeavored that the box office attraction and success of communication with audiences is due to the realistic attitude and social reflection of Choi`s films.
Influence on the Tweet Credibility and Attitude Toward Tweet of Tweet Content, Function and Involvement
Lee, Hyun-Ji ; Chung, Donghun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 137~147
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.137
The purpose of this study is to examine what variables influence on tweet credibility and attitude toward tweet. For this, the present research used the tweet content(information/opinion), tweet function(without URL and RT/URL/RT) and involvement(low/hight) as independent variables and applied a triangular research design which are in-depth interview, survey and computer usability testing software. Main findings are as follows. First, the participants read tweets listed in order regardless of tweet content, function and involvement. Second, there was a significant main effect of the tweet content on the tweet credibility and an interaction effect of those three independent variables on the attitude toward tweet. Finally, the in-depth interview showed that information is perceived to be more credible than opinion and URL>RT>just information or opinion are listed in order on the tweet credibility.
Motivations for Internet Pornography Search and Perception on Cybersex: Focusing on Gender and Internet Pornography Use
Shim, Jae Woong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 148~157
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.148
This study investigated the motivations for internet pornography search and perception on cybersex focusing on the role of gender difference and previous internet pornography use with 203 college students. The motivations included sexual relationships, masturbation, and sexual curiosity factors. Males searched for sexual relationships and masturbation, but females searched for satisfying sexual curiosity. The perception on cybersex included 2 factors-alternative sex and real sex. For males and females, no differences were found in the perceptions of engaging in sexual behavior exchanging sexual messages online similarly. The implications of the research were discussed in terms of sexual health.
Determinant Factors of Innovation Resistance of Social Media
Jeong, Hwa-Seob ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 158~166
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.158
This study gave attention to the people who has resistance of the social media that tens to be the use as innovations. Therefore, this study examined the determinant factors of psychological resistance of the social media such as Twitter focused on students as none-users of social media. Total of 268 none-users participated in this study. The results were as follows. First, relative advantage influenced negatively on innovation resistance. Second, perceived complexity influenced significantly not on innovation resistance. Third, perceived risk influenced positively on innovation resistance. Therefore, social media related to social relationship should improve relative advantage, the other way, decrease perceived risk such as defamation and personal attack.
An Influence on Adolescents` Fandom Activities
Kim, Sun-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 167~176
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.167
This study aims firstly to examine whether adolescents` life satisfaction influences their fandom activities, then to analyze whether the influences of ego resiliency and peer relations on fandom activities vary by adolescents` life satisfaction and how, if they do, and finally, using multi-group analysis, to identify whether there are gender differences in their fandom activities. The results are as follows: Firstly, as adolescents` life satisfaction is lower, their involvement into fandom activities are increased. Secondly, peer relations and ego resiliency has different relations to fandom activities, that is the former have indirect impact on fandom activities. Ego resiliency has both direct and indirect influence on fandom activities, that is adolescents who have higher ego resiliency participate more actively into fandom activities and this influence is mediated by life satisfaction. Finally, the degree of participation into fandom activities depends of adolescents` gender, that is girls involve in fandom activities more actively. One consistent finding of this study is that fandom activities are negatively related to life satisfaction. The results of this study show that more various programs to enhance life satisfaction, self respect and peer relations of adolescents are necessary to facilitate healthier culture of adolescents.
Field Police Activity Focused on Community Policig
Kim, Hyun-Dong ; Lee, Moon-Soo ; Jo, Hyun-Bin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 177~186
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.177
Recently, with the sudden changes in the security environment, expectations towards the police and fear towards safety are increasing. Thus, the local community police operation, which creates a mutually cooperative relationship between the police and local residents, is coming to the fore as the paradigm of the nationwide police operation. The police operation in Korea has also gone through change, and as part of the local community police operation, Korea has implemented a community police system since 2003. Recently, the system has been going through change in that the operations are centralizing around not only prevention of crime including the safe city program, protection of multicultural families, response to foreign crime, protection of the socially disadvantaged but also life security of the citizens. Along these lines, this study seeks to examine conditions of the three elements of local community police operation - Strategic Oriented Policing (SOP), Neighborhood Oriented Policing (NOP), Problem Oriented Policing (POP) - and policy suggestions accordingly.
The Study about Improvement Plan of Special Recruitment of Police Officers -Focusing on Special Recruitment of Those who Graduated Police Administration Department-
Park, Han-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 187~193
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.187
Execution method of the police is mostly made of human resources (police officers). In such aspect, the recruitment of proper person should be dealt with the much significance. Related to this, recruiting all police officers by open employment is not actually possible. As the society today gets complicated, using of special recruitment gets more important and professionalism of policing also gets significant. Related to this, as in particular, modern police orients a same paradigm with community policing, special recruitment of those who graduated police administration department can be a strategy for achieving the purpose of police in a time that the understanding to policing of human resources of police is needed. Therefore, this article searched the plan to improve post-recruitment system for actively using human resources graduated police administration department. These plans are: First, to remove the restriction of opportunity by adjusting examination date of open & special recruitments; Second, to suggest the extension of examination courses through additional organization of optional courses; Finally, to suggest the increase of recruiting numbers in special recruitment graduated police administration department.
Development Comparative Experiments of Blood Prints Enhancement Reagent (Fuchsin Acid, Eosin-Y, Acid Yellow 7)
Kim, A-Ram ; Kim, Woo-Joong ; Jung, Hey-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 194~201
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.194
In serious crimes, bloody fingerprints are crucial evidence that make links between suspects and victims. There have been many studies related to bloody fingerprints for a long time. There are many comparative studies for effectiveness of Acid Fuchsin and Acid Yellow 7, but nothing about Eosin-Y in this country. Acid Fuchsin is a useful reagent that has unique red color distinguishing from light colored background. but it is useless on dark surfaces. In order to make it visible, we should use BVDA Gel lifters. On the contrary this, Acid Yellow 7 makes stronger fluorescence on a dark background. In this study, we got the conclusion that Eosin-Y is more useful than the others not only on dark background but also light background.
A Study on the Government Chief Decision Maker`s Policy Belief (III): Focusing on 16th President Noh Moo-hyun`s Real Estate Policy
Jung, Seok-Hwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 202~211
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.202
The research is based on the theory of cognitive psychology that a decision maker creates an internal belief through environment information process and that personal behavior is determined as a means of belief practice. This study implemented a language network analysis to understand the 16th President Noh Moo-hyun"s real estate policy belief who was a key decision maker of Korea. The results of this study are as follows. First, the chief variables of real estate policy recognized by president Rho Mu Hyun included civil economy and real estate speculation and so on. Second, the chief variables of real estate policy recognized by president Rho Mu Hyun did indicate weak correlation with other diverse economic variables. Third, the analysis shows that in practicing the real estate policy, excessive civil economy related with the real estate policy and the obsession with civil life variables worked as reason to pursue social contest rather than social agreement. It is thought that this study result will contribute to policy theory in explaining the policy decision-making process from the perspective of cognitive psychology.
Exploratory study on Structural Causal Relation of Market Orientation, Learning Orientation, and Organizational Performance in Social Welfare Organizations : Focused on Voucher Program Organizations
Kwon, Sun-Ae ; Kim, Gyo-Jung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 212~226
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.212
In this paper, I tried to analyze objectively the structural relation among market directivity, study directivity, and achievement of organization which are intended to equip competitive power of social welfare organization on the social service market centrally formed by the voucher business. Data collection objectives is consist of 7 metropolitan cities social welfare organizations, performing voucher businesses of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, and data is secured from 203 institutions. Some basic technological statistics and regression analysis employing structural equation was used for analysing data. Analyzed result, the structural relation among market directivity and study directivity and organizational performance is appeared meaningfully according to the fact that goodness of fit coefficients is TLI
Resources Linkage and Activation Plan in Social Enterprise
Lee, Yong-Jae ; Kim, Bong-Hwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 227~235
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.227
This study aimed to establishing a support policy for enhancing corporate`s competitiveness by analysing the resources linkage status of social enterprise. 67 Social enterprises In Chung-nam area were surveyed. The results are as follows. Social enterprise didn`t link with community agencies in area of the capital, product and services outlets, technology development, human resources, infrastructure and education. And social enterprises is linking external resources with public agencies actively in the area of management, PR and marketing. But most social enterprises are operating without the linkage of community organizations. In the future, social enterprises need the network of public, corporate, and private organizations in the community by strengthening the role of the intermediate support organizations.
Relationship between Elderly Suicide Rates and Socio-economic Factors in Korea: centering around the Trend of Changes in 1990-2010
Kim, Hyoung-Soo ; Kwon, Lee-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 236~245
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.236
This study analyzed the relationship between elderly suicide rates and socio-economic factors from the macroscopic perspectives. As certain theoretical background of elderly suicide, sociological and economic perspectives are applied. The economic factors of elderly suicide rates consisted of economic growth and unemployment rate, economic activity rate of the aged, and relative poverty rate (income inequality rate). The sociological factors included social welfare spending, divorce rate, growth rate of population aging, and elderly dependency ratio. According to research findings, first, the more economic activity of the aged is low, the more elderly suicide rate is high. Second, the more social welfare spending rate goes flat, the more elderly suicide rate is growing. Third, the more relative poverty rate (income inequality), increasing population aging rate, and elderly dependency ratio are high, elderly suicide rate goes high at the same time. Finally, this study proposed several socio-economic policy alternatives for preventing continuous growth of Korean elderly suicide rate.
Study on the Determinants of Life Satisfaction among the Elderly: An Integrative Approach
Kim, Myeong-Suk ; Ko, Jong-Wook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 246~259
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.246
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differential effects of the determinants of life satisfaction among the elderly and a variety of health, economic, leasure activity, social support and psychological variables were comprehensively examined as determinants of life satisfaction among the elderly. The sample of this study was composed of 347 old people participating in the leasure activity programs operated by 10 facilities for the aged in Seoul. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and analyzed employing structural equation modelling technique as a main data analysis method. It was found that subjective health condition, subjective economic level, productive and consumptive leasure activities, spouse and children support, self-esteem and extraversion had positive effects on life satifaction among the elderly. The theoretical and practical implications of this study were discussed and the directions for future research were suggested.
Trends in Education Welfare Research in Korea
Jin, Hye-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 260~269
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.260
This article aims to investigate the trends of Education Welfare researches in Korea. For this study, a content analysis was employed in relation to topics, targets and methods of 596 articles, masters and doctoral thesis published from 2003 to 2012. The results reveal that the papers have expanded to adjacent fields. The analysis of the topics shows that institutionalization papers have decreased, on the other hand, researches on the role of the social worker showed an increase. Middle school students were the most common target and quantitative methods were the most used. In future, multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary researches presenting a wide diversity of topics and targets should be considered.
Effects of Bicultural Characteristics and Social Capital on Psycological Adaptation
Yang, Sim-Young ; Park, Soo-Kyung ; Kim, Mi-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 270~282
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.270
The present study aims to investigate the effects of bicultural characteristics and social capital on psychological adaptations such as depression and self-esteem. A survey was conducted on 295 foreign-born mothers and their 305 children, ranging from third to sixth grade in elementary school up to seventh to ninth grade in middle school, residing in South Korea`s seven major cities, including the city of Seoul. The results of this research are the following: 1) With regards to factors that influence depression among children in a multicultural family, less support from a friend leads to a larger exposure to multicultural programs. Also, the lower the perceived income level of his or her family, greater is the state of the child`s depression. 2) Significant factors that influence self-esteem for multicultural children are friends` support, level of mothers` Korean language proficiency, teachers` support, and numbers of multicultural programs. Two implications may be addressed from this study. One is the need to consider bicultural characteristics and social capital to enhance psychological adaptability for children raised in multicultural families. Another is to apply social support characteristics such as friends` and teachers` support to multicultural programs.
Good death recognized by the elderly
Lee, Myoung-Suk ; Kim, Yun-Jeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 283~299
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.283
This study has been performed to identify meanings of good deaths among 350 old people aged 65 from September, 2010 until February, 2011. In this study, the subjects were asked about good meanings of death based on qualitative study of free format, and their statements were categorized into similar content areas. The results show that first, the subjects felt that the good death is a dignity death not weighing burdens to others, memorized as a good life, until th end of my life, a death receiving at home, comfortable death, a death like a sleep, with out pain, not long, a prepared process, a death after doing my best, receiving after doing my best, death after offering benevolence to others, within my beliefs, and finally a good death is after seeing good life of my descendent. These 16 free answers were also categorized into 6 meaningful areas such as considering others, at my home, comfortable scene, prepared, and death after living my wanted time.
Anger and Social Support of Elderly Women
Ko, Sung-Hee ; Kim, Hyun-Kyung ; Chin, Eun-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 300~308
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.300
The purpose of this study was to explore the level of anger and social support and to identify factors affecting anger in elderly women. This was a cross-sectional descriptive survey. A convenience sample of 155 elderly women was recruited from two senior welfare centers and three nursing homes in J city. Data were collected from June 15 to July 15, 2010 through interviews using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson`s correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression using the SPSS WIN 18.0 program. The level of social support and anger was 3.73 and 2.72 out of 5, respectively. Anger was statistically significantly different according to type of residence (B
Domestic Trends of Research and Patent for Sleep Disorder
Baek, Younghwa ; Yoo, Jonghyang ; Lee, Si-Woo ; Jin, Hee-Jeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 309~317
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.309
Nowadays, sleep disorder is one of diseases many people have suffered. Many researchers have studied on the features or the method to overcome sleep disorder. In this paper, we have reported papers and patents relevant to sleep disorder to find current trends in the researches. All retrieved papers were 316 articles, patents, all 8 cases. The scale of research on sleep disorder including insomnia has been increasing in recent years. About a half of the analyzed researches were conducted by medical communities, and also various researches were performed based on nursing and Korea medicine. But, we found the application of patents on sleep disorder is less active than the research area. It will be conducted to research to consider with various developing research methodology and planing commercialization through health-related networks of collaborators.
Systematic Review on Occupational Therapy for Children with Cerebral Palsy
Hong, Eun-Kyoung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 318~330
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.318
The purpose of this study was to present results and methods of occupational therapy for children with cerebral palsy using systematic review. This study was searched form papers published from Jan, 2003 to Dec, 2012 using PubMed E-Data base. Key words using on the search were `occupational therapy` OR `exercise therapy` OR `activities of daily living` OR `splints` OR `self-help devices` OR `early intervention(education)` OR `parents/education` OR `parents/psychology` OR `professional family relations` OR `play and playthings` OR `upper extremity` AND `cerebral palsy`. Eighteen studies were included in this review. Methods on occupational therapy for children with cerebral palsy were splint 26.2%, parent education 26.2%, environmental modification 9.6%, training of sensorimotor function 19.0%, activities of daily living 19.0%. Results on occupational therapy for children with cerebral palsy were significant difference on splint 40.0%, parent education 42.9%, environmental modification 40.0%. Results of this study will provide evidences based on occupational therapy.
Evaluation of Image Quality and dose with the Change of kVp and BMI in the Liver CT
Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Ko, Sung-Jin ; Kang, Se-Sik ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Choi, Seok-Yoon ; Kim, Changsoo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 331~338
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.331
CT for follow-up visits because of liver disease, body mass index (BMI) and kVp according to the change of the image quality and radiation dose to evaluate for changes. March 2010 to June 2011 at Pusan P University Hospital, abdominal CT scans a patient BMI (Body Mass Index. Less BMI) index was less than 25 in the treatment of subjects had a 48-person Noise and SNR at 100kVp abdominal image is lager than the 120kVp image. CTDI volume value at by the analysis of the radiation dose is 4.47mGy(100kVp) and 9.01mGy(120kVp). So CTDIvol in 100kVp is smaller than CTDIvol in 120kVp(decrease by 44.1%). And, effective dose is 7.1mSv(100kVp) and 12.51mSv(120kVp). So effective dose in 100kVp is smaller than effective dose in 120kVp(decrease by 43%). Evaluation of image quality is that Unacceptable 0 person, Suboptimal 0 person, Adequate 0 person, Good 1 person, Excellent 47 person. In case of repeatly patient, we examinate abdomianl CT scan by using low kVp and body mass index less than 25. We can has good quality image and benefit of low radiation dose.
Assessment of Availability of Korean Computerized Neurobehavioral Test in Patients with Brain Injury
Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Jeon, Man-Joong ; Sakong, Joon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 339~349
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.339
This study was conducted to evaluate the correlation between the Korean version of Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE-K) and the Korean Computerized Neurobehavioral Test (KCNT) and the usefulness of KCNT for discriminating the patients with suspected dementia from normal persons in patients with a brain injury. The results of each items of KCNT had passed the test for normality. T test for group comparison and bivariate correlation analysis for correlation between two tests were used. There were no significant differences in characteristics of two groups. The differences in results of eight tests of KCNT between two groups were statistically significant (p<.05) and the Pearson correlation coefficients (r) between two tests were statistically significant (p<.05) : simple reaction time (-.580), choice reaction time (-.341), color word vigilance (-.661), digit classification (-.703), 2-digit addition (-.582), 3-digit addition (-.610), symbol digit substitution (-.642), and digit span (.807). These results suggested that simple reaction time and 2-digit addition were useful in discriminating the patients with suspected dementia from normal persons because the Pearson correlation coefficients of the two items of KCNT showed anticlastic association between two groups. And each items of KCNT may use in follow up cognitive function for patients in two groups.
Relationships between Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Breast Self-Examination among Female University Students
Kim, Young-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 350~360
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.350
Purpose: The study was to identify the relationships between knowledge, attitude and practice on breast self-examination among female university students. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted with a convenient sample of 330 female university students. Results: The mean score for knowledge of breast self-examination was 6.60/17 and attitude toward breast self-examination 42.34/64 and Practice level for breast self-examination was 13.23/24. The level of knowledge was differed significantly by Age(t
Spirituality and Stress of Clinical Practice among Nursing Students
Hong, Sung-Sil ; Hong, Jung-Ah ; Jun, Won-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 361~369
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.361
The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of spirituality and stress of clinical practice and to identify the relationship of variables among nursing students. Data were collected from 203 nursing students using self-report questionnaire composed of demographic characteristics and two scales including spirituality and stress of clinical practice. Data were analyzed by frequencies, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson`s correlation coefficients using the SPSS program. The mean score for spirituality and stress of clinical practice were above medium level, with the value of 3.18 and 3.42 out of 5 respectively. There were significant mean differences in spirituality according to religion and satisfaction on major while those in stress of clinical practice according to sex and satisfaction on major. Significant negative correlation between spirituality and stress of clinical practice was found. In conclusion, to reduce clinical stress in nursing students, it is necessary to develop and apply educational program for spiritual improvement.
Institutionalization of a Patient-Sitter Program in Acute Care Hospitals
You, Sun-Ju ; Choi, Yun-Kyoung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 370~379
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.370
In an effort to resolve the burden of patients hiring patient sitters, this study sought to review the Ministry-of-Health-and-Welfare-initiated pilot program of running hospitals without patient-sitter to identify its background, operation method, performance results, and limitations. Based on the review, the study derived the necessity of introducing a hospital system without patient-sitter as well as its operation and systemization methods. The ministry-initiated pilot programs were conducted twice: in 2007, and in 2010. A review of the 2007 pilot program revealed that the patients and families` satisfaction score with nursing services was 9.1 points (on a 10-point scale), their intention to reuse the service was 97.8%, and their intention to recommend the service was 98.0%, all high scores. Appropriate nursing manpower, derived from the 2007 pilot project, indicated 2.3 patients per nurse and 4.0 patients per nurse aid. The 2010 pilot project results indicated that the patients and families` satisfaction was high at 8.0-9.1 points (on a 10-point scale), and that the intention to reuse and recommend the service was also high. Compared with the 2007 pilot project, however, the types of medical institutions and the nurse to patient ratios were diverse, offering limitations. In conclusion, to systemize hospitals without patient-sitter, it is necessary to develop policies designed to establish criteria for the appropriate nurse to patient ratio and skill-mix, to standardize the work, to prepare finances for securing nursing staff, to evaluate the nursing demands, and to monitor the quality management.
Policy Implications of Nurse Staffing Legislation
You, Sun-Ju ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 380~389
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.380
The nurse staffing level in the acute care hospitals affects patient safety and performance, and the nurse staffing legislation can be an important tool to guarantee the minimum nurse staffing. In Korea, although the medical law suggests the nurse staffing standards, it is necessary to revise the medical law for quality of nursing care and patient safety. Firstly, the nurse staffing standards in the current medical law enacted in 1962 needs to be revised to reflect changes in health care environment. Secondly, legal nurse staffing standards in the medical law are the minimum nurse staffing that medical institutions should comply with and thus must be managed so that all medical institutions should abide by them. Thirdly, the nurse staffing standards should apply on the basis of RN-to-patient ratios per shift in order to help patients understanding and ensure the easy management. Fourthly, the information of nursing staff level by the nursing unit and nursing shift in hospitals shall be released.
Effects of Real Time Enterprise on SCM Performance
Park, Kwang O. ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 390~400
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.390
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of RTE characteristics on SCM performance. Extant approaches for evaluating the SCM performance adopt financial measures, non-financial measures, Balanced Score Card (BSC) methodology and Supply Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) methodology etc., but researches on SCM performance measurement are not sufficiently reviewed. In this study, SCM performance is measured with the Combinative Capabilities which are divided into four categories of product quality, delivery speed, process flexibility, price leadership. The experimental results with the three factors of visibility, agility and combinative capabilities variables show the followings: (i) Visibility had a significant impact on agility. (ii) Visibility had a significant impact on combinative capabilities. (iii) Agility also had a significant impact on combinative capabilities.
Understanding Business Model and R&D Project Selection
Lee, Jong-Won ; Song, Kyeon-Seok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 401~411
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.401
Selection of profitable research and development (R&D) projects is one of the major factors affecting sustained growth of firms and countries. This paper analyze what influences the knowledge on the business model exerted on selection of a R&D project. A business model converts the technology value to the customer value, and comprehensively describes the target customers for commercializing a new technology, core values, behaviors within organizations, resources, and external partners. Thus, understanding a business model would make R&D project evaluators place the feasibility and profitability of the business above the merits of the proposed technology in evaluating the technology development. To verify this hypothesis, we had 78 R&D project evaluators acquire the knowledge on the business model and measured how their criteria for R&D project selection have changed using the AHP method. The results shows that feasibility and profitability are more important than the merit of proposed technology, especially capability of company and business development are more important than the levels of technology innovation.
Analysis of Gender Difference in Time Perspectives and Relationship with Self-Efficacy about Mobile Phone Addiction of Adolescent
Hyun, Jung-Suk ; Park, Chan-Jung ; Ha, Hwan-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 412~424
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.412
Due to the rapid increase in mobile-phone use, various kinds of malfunctions have occurred recently. Among them, the mobile-phone addiction causes serious social problems. In particular, since teenagers are immature, they are easily addicted to new technology. In order to prevent from the mobile-phone addiction, a lot of research has been performed in various ways. This paper focuses on the differences in gender and time perspectives of adolescent and analyze the relationships between time perspectives and self-efficacy for preventing mobile-phone addiction. In order to achieve our research goals, we firstly survey on 1,224 secondary school students to analyze the gender differences about time perspectives. And then, we secondly survey on 269 high school students to examine the mediation role of self-efficacy between time perspectives and mobile-phone addiction by a structural equation model. Based on the results of our analyses, we provide an educational guide that can prevent mobile-phone addiction from secondary school students.
Announcers` Job Satisfaction and Jon Continuity Intention
Hwang, Yoosun ; Oh, Meeyoung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 425~437
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.425
The object of this study is to determine and prioritize the factors that affect job satisfaction and job continuity intention of an important media content provider group - TV/radio announcers. In this study, the determinant factors are classified as "internal" factors (i.e. career motivation and identity as a member of an organization) and "external" factors such as reputation and prestige. A survey was conducted among active announcers in Korea, and 106 responded. The data was processed by multiple regression analysis. The result showed that organizational identity affected the job satisfaction and job continuity intention most, and perceived external prestige affected least. In conclusion, announcer`s job satisfaction and job continuity intention have more meaningful relationship with internal factors than with external factors.
Determinants of Hospital Nurses` Satisfaction on Hospital Information System(HIS): Focused on Perceived HIS Quality, Individual and Organizational Characteristics
Ryu, Young-Mee ; Ryu, Il ; Kim, Sora ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 438~449
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.438
The objectives of the study were to explore the effects of personal factors, organizational factors, and system factors on satisfaction on hospital information system among hospital nurses, and to provide suggestions for improving usability of information system and promoting business efficiency and system satisfaction by evaluating hospital information system. The study sample group consisted of 233 nurses from general hospitals. The collected data were analyzed using the Hierarchical Regression. The results suggested that system quality, information quality, and service quality showed positive and significant effects on hospital nurses` satisfaction. The organizational factors and personal factors were not statistically significant controlling for the system factors. This study was significant in that direct relationships between sub-dimensions of hospital information system and organization`s performance, measured in nurses` perceived evaluation were empirically explored. Accordingly, the application of hospital information system could provide a direction for establishing a systematic strategy to improve the work performance of hospital nurses.
Effects of Hotel Employee` Followership on Service Orientation
Lee, Sang-Woo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 450~458
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.450
This study aims to suggest implications on hotel HR management through the research on the influence relation with voluntary behaviors that increase the effectiveness of work functions and also hotel employee` perceived followership contributing to achievement of hotel`s goals. As study methods to achieve the study objective suggested above, we aim to conduct literature research and empirical study. The data are analyzed by such frequency analysis, validity analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, covariance structure analysis. The SPSS 10.1 and AMOS 4.0 for Windows program was used to investigate material. The major finding can be summarized as follow: The analysis on relationship between followership and revealed that `critical thinking` and `enthusiasm` dimensions of but `active participation` dimension of followership has not affected service orientation. The expected effects through this study are like below. First, it is expected that the theory about followership will be extended by verifying the causal relation between followership and internal mental state. Second, it is also expected to be able to suggest alternatives for qualitative improvement of service and emphasis of the importance of hotel employee`.
Effects Recognition and Elective Attributes on Satisfaction and Recommendation for Medicinal Foods
Lee, Sang-Mi ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 459~468
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.459
This paper is 1) to find out how they recognize medicinal foods, 2) to analyze what make it select for functional restaurants, then which attributes affect on satisfaction and recommendation, 3) and to suggest distinguished guidelines for attracting core customers continuously. The questionnaires are distributed 200 who had only visited in medicinal restaurants and used for data analysis 181 except 19. The findings are summed up as follows; 1. All three factors which are showed `health managing & prevention`, `functional foods`, and `cuisine presentation` had significant on satisfaction, recommendation, and revisited intention in medicinal restaurant. Among them, `health managing & prevention` factor had significant highly. 2. Satisfaction variable had affected strongly on recommendation, and also, recommendation had affected on revisited intention.
Price Evaluations on Tourist of Jeju Tourism Package Product: Focused on Prospect Theory
Park, Suk-Jin ; Kim, Tae-Heon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 469~480
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.469
This study suggests 12 products regarding the pending question of tourism package price mechanism which is linked directly and indirectly to Jeju Tourism, and shows the following conclusions through inspection in mental accounting principles and framing effect based on prospect theory. First, when presenting the price list of the tourism package, it is needed to present in price bundling. Second, it is proven that it is desirable that information about discount prices open the individual discount information of the basic package and option package to public. Third, it is discovered that experienced tourists in purchasing tourism products are more sensitive to price information (price discount) than inexperienced tourists, so that framing effect conform to Knowledge-assembly theory. The current questions of this study are that `no discount` information should be presented in bundling, that the method of framing is important in presenting discount product information. It is required not only to grasp the viewpoint of modern people in purchasing tourism products, but also to present ready-to-serve products which can save time, effort, cost to give stability in mental accounting principles.
The Effects of Business Startup Attributes on Customer Orientation and Business Startup Performance in the Foodservice Industry
Song, Kyong-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 481~495
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.481
The purpose of this study is to figure out the effects of business startup attributes on customer orientation and business startup performance in the foodservice industry. To achieve this, a survey was carried on 300 entrepreneurs, who are running 5 or more years of restaurants in Seoul, through February 1 to February 28, 2013. The SPSS v. 17.0 statistical package program was used for data analysis. The results were as follows; First, the effect of business startup attributes on the understanding of customers` desires in the foodservice industry showed that business startup funds, business startup location, business startup facilities and business startup products had a significant positive effect on the understanding of customers` desires. Second, the effect of business startup attributes on customer relationship in the foodservice industry showed that business startup funds, business startup facilities and business startup products had a significant positive effect on the customer relationship. Third, the effect of customer orientation on business startup performance in the foodservice industry showed that the understanding of customers` desires and customer relationship had a significant positive effect on the business startup performance. These results suggest that business startup funds, business startup location, business startup facilities and business startup products in the foodservice industry are important, and the customer-oriented understanding of customers` desires and close adherence to customers lead to ultimate performance, supporting a stable management in the long term.
Cause of Land-use on the Parking Difficulties in the Planned Residential Area -Case Study of GyoDong 2 Land development District in GangNeung City-
Lim, Dong-Il ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 496~506
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.496
This paper aims to suggest the problems of land-use plan which causes the lack of parking space and to study the improvement of the problems. The land-use plan and the parking plan of the Gyo-dong 2 land development project are examined and the land use and the parking conditions are surveyed. The major cause of parking problem is not to have planned land use realistically. Because of the non-realistic land use plan, the parking demands are underestimated and it has resulted in decreasing the supply of parking space. In addition, the land use and parking managements have been negligent since the land development. In order to improve the parking problem, the change of land use should be considered in land use plan. And actual land use and parking plans should be made and land use management which considers the change of parking demands should be practiced.
The analysis of Complex Type and the Facility Status of Community Mixed-support Facility
Kim, Sumi ; Kim, Suk-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 507~517
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.507
Welfare desire has been diversified according to the increase of economic level and rapid social change. The desire for comprehensive service on culture, medical, mental and information level has appeared. Accordingly, it is necessary to establish an integrated community mixed-support facility, a space of accepting administration, welfare, leisure, culture and informatization request in a small local community in the future. The community mixed-support facility is a meeting place of local resident for information change, various basic service and ultimately for activation of community in order to contribute to regeneration and activation of existing urban core. Thus, this study figured out general status of community mixed-support facility and physical mixed type and analyzed spatial characteristics. Current community mixed-support facility has insufficient program and space to participate in by local residents and to accommodate mixed function. The future planned community mixed-support facility must secure multiple opportunities for various types of life by returning time and cost to user through the introduction of creative mixed concept. While reflecting unique local characteristics, and considering diversity of users, it needs to make mixed facility to cope with social changes. This study is limited in that the study reached a conclusion by survey and analysis only. However, it is expected that the result can be used as basic research data for the planning of community mixed-support facility to cope with living conditions of local residents or realistic requirements.
On the Direction of the Application of the Concepts of Computational Thinking for Elementary Education
Moon, Gyo Sik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 6, 2013, Pages 518~526
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.06.518
The notion of computational thinking is currently gaining much attention from a variety of disciplines. Accordingly, computer education community needs to address this issue for formal education. In the paper, the translation issue on the terminology - `computational thinking` - is discussed. As a brief introduction to computational thinking the characteristics and necessities as well as its importance are presented. The types of learning computational thinking are presented, which are learning with computing tools on one hand and without them on the other hand. Furthermore, learning objectives of computational thinking as well as the contents are also investigated for the application of computational thinking in elementary education. A survey was conducted for thirty three elementary school teachers on behalf of investigating directions of teaching computational thinking in elementary education. It shows that almost all respondents agree to teaching computational thinking in formal education and it also shows other interesting results as stated in the paper.