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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 12 - Dec 2013
Volume 13, Issue 11 - Nov 2013
Volume 13, Issue 10 - Oct 2013
Volume 13, Issue 9 - Sep 2013
Volume 13, Issue 8 - Aug 2013
Volume 13, Issue 7 - Jul 2013
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Jun 2013
Volume 13, Issue 5 - May 2013
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Apr 2013
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Mar 2013
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Feb 2013
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Jan 2013
Selecting the target year
An Efficient Application Virtualization Method for a Real Time Broadcasting System of Virtual 3D Contents
Jang, Sumin ; Kim, Wonyoung ; Yoo, Jaesoo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.001
In recent, the cloud computing makes it possible to provide the on-demand provision of software, hardware, and data as a service in various IT fields. This paper uses the cloud computing techniques for the real time broadcasting service of virtual 3D contents. However, the existing related solutions have many problems that the load of the server is rapidly increased or the cost of the server is very high when the number of service users is increased. Therefore, we propose a new application virtualization method to solve these problems. It promises their stable operations in multi-user services because the proposed method does not execute the rendering commands of the application at the host server but delivers and executes them to clients via the Internet. Our performance experiments show that our proposed method outperforms the existing methods.
Improved Pattern Recoginition Coding System of a Handwriting Character with 3D
Sim, Kyu Seung ; Lee, Jae Hong ; Lee, Byoung Yup ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 10~19
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.010
This Paper proposed the development of new magnetic sensor and recognition system to expendite pattern recognition of a handwriting character. Received character graphics should be performed the session and balancing and no extraction of end points, bend points and juntions separately. The Artifical intelligence algorithm is adapted to structure snalysis and recognition process by individual basic letter dictionary except for the handwriing character graphic dictionaryimproving error of recognition algorithm and enomous dictionary for generalization. In this Paper, recognition rate of the received character are compared with pre registered character at letter dictionary for performance test of magnetic ball sensor. As a result of unicode conversion and eomparison, the artificial intelligence study have recognition rate more than 95% at initial recognition rate of 70%.
An Efficient Data Replacement Algorithm for Performance Optimization of MapReduce in Non-dedicated Distributed Computing Environments
Ryu, Eunkyung ; Son, Ingook ; Park, Junho ; Bok, Kyoungsoo ; Yoo, Jaesoo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 20~27
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.020
In recently years, with the growth of social media and the development of mobile devices, the data have been significantly increased. MapReduce is an emerging programming model that processes large amount of data. However, since MapReduce evenly places the data in the dedicated distributed computing environment, it is not suitable to the non-dedicated distributed computing environment. The data replacement algorithms were proposed for performance optimization of MapReduce in the non-dedicated distributed computing environments. However, they spend much time for date replacement and cause the network load for unnecessary data transmission. In this paper, we propose an efficient data replacement algorithm for the performance optimization of MapReduce in the non-dedicated distributed computing environments. The proposed scheme computes the ratio of data blocks in the nodes based on the node availability model and reduces the network load by transmitting the data blocks considering the data placement. Our experimental results show that the proposed scheme outperforms the existing scheme.
A Flash Memory B+-Tree for Efficient Range Searches
Lim, Sung-Chae ; Park, Chang-Sup ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 28~38
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.028
During the past decades, the B+-tree has been most widely used as an index file structure for disk-resident databases. For the disk based B+-tree, a node update can be cheaply performed just by modifying its associated disk page in place. However, in case that the B+-tree is stored on flash memory, the traditional algorithms of the B+-tree come to be useless due to the prohibitive cost of in-place updates on flash memory. For this reason, the earlier schemes for flash memory B+-trees usually take an approach that saves B+-tree changes from real-time updates into extra temporary storage. Although that approach can easily prevent frequent in-place updates in the B+-tree, it can suffer from a waste of storage space and prolonged search times. Particularly, it is not allowable to process range searches on the leaf node level. To resolve such problems, we devise a new scheme in which the leaf nodes and their parent node are stored together in a single flash block, called the p-node block.
Implementation of a Research Task Management System for Support Smart Work Considering Web Accessibility
Gu, Seung-Hwan ; An, Kyong-Sok ; Lee, Kwang-Mo ; Choi, Sung-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 39~48
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.039
This study has been conducted for the purpose to materialize a research task management system supporting smart work in regards to web accessibility. Smart phones have been on the spotlight in managing businesses and government affairs for their economical benefits and time wise efficiency. However, there is a lack of evidence in the actual development and implementation of smart phones in he current reality. Thus, this study has been conducted to build such a system with this current situation in mind. Prior to developing the system, studies have been made regarding HTML5, web accessibility, and Smart work. Through a theoretical study, an HTML5-based web accessibility system has been constructed and its methodology of development presented. As a result, the methodology presented through this study proves to be beneficial in the system development of smart devices-based environment which obey Web Accessibility.
SmartPhone Recording System for Mobile Office Environment
Kang, Euiseon ; Kim, Jeonghun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 49~57
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.049
Recently, in spite of fast development of smartphone, recording technology has saved, listened and searched in server based on PSTN and wired network. We introduce a mobile transcript recording system for mobile office environment. All calls using smartphone are automatically saved on memory in mobile device with this system. Thereafter, recording files are encrypted and uploaded to recording server by user authority. Beside recording data in database on web server is saved and managed efficiently and economically through web application. This system is able to be used in legal corroborative facts and the prevention of crime such as voice phishing.
Quest for Films of Chang-dong Lee: Focused On ＜Green Fish＞, ＜Peppermint Candy＞, ＜Oasis＞
Seo, In-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 58~71
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.058
This paper will study on the films of Chang-dong Lee, focused on
.These films concentrate on the internal mind of hero and heroine who react actively to social reality around their environment. Also these films share another common thing which retain to strong emotional tie with spectator, based on the sympathy through the identification of hero.
, < Peppermint Candy>
represent to the mixture of realism and de-realism.. Specially
shows the mixture of the realism and fantasy. This Quest for the films of Chang-dong Lee will include discussion of a critical attitude from realism, discussion of de-realism factors, and study of screen fantasy from the respective of psychoanalysis.
Creation of Operatic Narrative - Comparative Study of Murger`s Novel 『la vie de bohème』 and Puccini`s Opera ＜la bohème＞
Kim, Hak-Min ; Kim, Jung-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 72~80
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.072
A common fallacy found at opera works is to lean either toward `opera as drama` or toward `opera as music`. One of the historical examples of opera creation to overcome this fallacy is Puccini`s
me>. The composer Puccini and the librettists, Illica and Giacossa, found balance between these two extreme poles, which was made possible by keeping the color of the original novel "scenes de la vie de boh
me" and simultaneously by reconstructing the most operatic characters and story. Their strategies, which can be summerized as `simplification`, `romanticization and re-creation of characters`, and `realistic description of original atmosphere`. There strategy of adaptation and the `episodic` feature as the outcome can be a good example for creators of new opera works.
The Relationship of Cheongsanbyeolgok in Goryeo Dynasty and Gangbo in Joseon Dysnaty
Chung, Kyung Rhan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 81~91
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.081
Chongsanbyeolgok is one of Goryeo songs which might be composed in Goryeo dynasty, the composer of which is not known as well as other Goryeo songs. Balsang songs is structured with eleven songs that has been composed newly by King Sejong in Joseon Dynasty for using at Jongmyo (royal ancestral shrine), Johoe (royal audiences), performance, Gangbo is one of 11 songs in Balsang. In Sejongsillok, it is written that Balsang was composed by taking the melody and rhythm of gochwiak (processional music) or hyangak. Thus, it is interesting to know how gochwiak and hyangak, especially Chongsanbyeolgok affected structure and rhythm of Gangbo. As an analytical result of Gangbo and Chongsanbyeolgok, Gangbo consisted of 48 Haeng(line) repeated Chongsanbyeolgok`s melody (10 Haeng) by three times. That is, 1-16, 17-32, and 33-48 Haeng of Gangbo excerpted from Cheongsanbyeolgok`s melody, and those melodies of Gangbo are same or similar to Chongsanbyeolgok. In this report, Gangbo, one of Balsang`s musics in Jos대n Dynasty is proven to be excerpted from the melody of Chongsanbyeolgok in Goryeo Dynasty and repeated.
Comparing Malaysian Youths and Adults`toward Hallyu Consciousness
Cho, Kum-Ju ; Jang, Won-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 92~101
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.092
Hallyu in Malaysia is considered to be in the growth stage as in countries such as Philippine, Myanmar, Hungary, and Uzbekistan. In the growth stage, Hallyu becomes increasingly popular and familiar to the general public and the sales of Hallyu-related products starts to increase. The purpose of this research is to compare how Hallyu is perceived among Malaysian youths and adults. Analysis is carried out using FGD. The two groups are asked about what they think of Korea and the success of Hallyu, how much interest they have in foreign cultures in general, and how they come into contact with them. Based on these results, problems currently facing Hallyu and possible solutions are examined. The analysis shows that the interest in Hallyu among Malaysians varies according to age and gender. Both male and female participants in their 20`s have shown a much greater interest in Hallyu than the participants over 30`s. But Malaysians are known to be relatively open-minded about accepting foreign cultures, and this is reflected in the current study. They view the popularity of Korean drama, movies, and music as a trend, rather than being intolerant of them. There is no concern for negativity toward Hallyu in Malaysia, but it is likely that Hallyu may be replaced by another foreign culture unless its influence is constantly maintained in the area. Therefore, it is essential to develop measures and models to not only retain, but strengthen Hallyu`s influence.
Staudy on Design Management of Rosenthal AG
Song, Hyun-Soo ; Choi, Sung-Woon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 102~110
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.102
To date, the technology competence and design have been understood as the pre-requirements required in the midst of unlimited competition age. It is true that the most of the companies handle the practical or the aesthetic part of the product individually especially in the field of ceramic industry. Accordingly, it is difficult to create the identity of the company. However, the Rosental Co., Ltd in Germany had acquired the corporate identity already by means of the creative process and the design as well from the middle of 1900s and it has been reputed as a company producing the products through the unique design management. Especially, the identity of Rosental has been formed more uniquely with "jury system" verifying not the design results but the development process, independent brand marketing and the experimental mind such as the collaboration with the pure artists. Especially, the participation of the artists to the design development enables to evaluate the ceramic products not only as the simple products for daily life but also as the luxury goods for appreciation and collection. In addition, Rosental shows that the corporate identity may be created not only with the products simply but also completed with the internal external factors of the company through design management skill.
Effect of the Design Management Strategy on the Industrial Craft Product Purchase Intention
Kim, Jong-Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 111~120
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.111
As craft is representing the historical culture of one country based on the old cultural characteristics and traditions of the regions in our life and is also representing the contemporary cultural culture, the interest in the crafts is becoming bigger and bigger as days pass by. However, despite this potentiality for growth, the craft that we encounter is not reflecting the ever-changing environment of the times, is failing to go beyond the folk art industry level of 1970s to 1980s. Although most of the industrial craft corporations have highly developed craft technology, but the products are not sublimated into marketable products. Also, so far schemes for development of industrial craft have not been many and studies on industrial craft in a sense of the design management have not been performed. Accordingly, this study intends to survey the effect of the design management strategy on the industrial craft product purchase intention in the industrial craft. The main contents comprehended in the study process are as follows. The design management strategy affects the industrial craft product purchase intention. Among the lower elements of the design management strategy, which are cost reduction-oriented design strategy, image-oriented design strategy and the market-oriented design strategy, the image-oriented design strategy and the market-oriented design strategy showed to affect the industrial craft product purchase intention. Especially, the image-oriented design strategy showed to affect the industrial craft purchase intention more than the market-oriented design strategy does.
Discussion about the approach to Police Identity
Park, Han-Ho ; Kim, Sung Hwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 121~129
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.121
It is the fact that Korean police has not focused on establishing identity but focused on establishing system due to the war under the confused situation which accepted police system of continental law in the period of Japanese Colony and then accepted the police system when being governed by USA. Afterward, as political, economic, and social atmospheres outside became stable, police identity, the philosophy of police activity through internal introspection in order to orient police activity in modern society, is needed. However, most of approaches for establishing police identity have focused on phased measurement by emphasizing to find major variables. Such identity of police organization through certain measurement study could not only carry out replication but also showed its limit to internalize ideal identity. Therefore, this study analyzed the reflectivity of police activity according to how it depends on certain means and depending means as a recognition to internalize the identity in order to discuss the formation of necessity and approach in establishing police identity, and suggested its results.
Introduction of CB Policy in Korea and Community Business Policy in Japan
Lee, Min-Kyu ; Ryu, Sang-Il ; Lee, Seok-Pyo ; Kang, Hyoung-Kee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 130~142
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.130
The objective of the present study was to analyze the functions and requirements of CB (community business) centering on the activation of localities based on research and cases in Japan where CB is discussed actively, and to suggest the necessity and plans for introducing CB in Korea. That is, we examined the utilization of CB fittingly for the condition of Korea centering on success factors derived from research and cases in Japan, and attempted to improve the roles of the government and related organizations in introducing CB as an excellent tool for the activation of localities. Analyze the cause of success factors of CB in Japan, success factors is separated institutional dimension from operational dimension. In the institutional dimension, efficient support systems for activating CB have been established in the central government, local governments, and regions. and in the operational dimension, CB leaders are enthusiastic, members participate actively, and intermediary supporting agencies make a great contribution to CB operation.
Reorganization of Central Office Group in Korea from the Perspective of Politicians and Bureaucrats
Ryu, Sang-Il ; Lee, Min-Kyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 143~154
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.143
This study reviewed reorganization of bureaucrats in the beginning of Lee Myung bak`s government from the perspective of the relationship between politicians and bureaucrats. In other words, it analyzed the reorganization of central office group of Korean government in 2008 as the relationship between calling to account by politicians and avoiding calling to account by bureaucrats. Conclusively, first, separation or abolition of a certain organization was resulted from calling to account by president (the ruling party). Second, merging organizations was done because president wanted strong control on that agency or he wanted to realize presidential election pledge (policy) through the agency. Third, if an organization was not changed even though it was selected as the target of abolition, it meant that the organization succeeded in defense. As seen from the above cases, it was found that politicians and bureaucrats played a kind of game for reorganization of government organizations. First of all, if politicians succeeded in calling to account, the bureaucratic organization was separated or abolished. If bureaucrats succeeded in self defense, the organization became expanded. Finally, if both parties were even, corresponding organizations would not have changes.
Effect of Self-growth Program on Morality and Achievement Motivation of Adolescents on Probation
Heo, Jeong-Cheol ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 155~163
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.155
This study aims to look into what influences a self-growth program has on morality and achievement motivation of adolescents on probation. As a result of the study, it was discovered that after the self-growth program, there was a statistically significant difference in interest in others(altruism) and their social devotion while there was no significant difference in the interest in self and social issues. Also, there was a statistically significant difference in future-orientation, confidence, a sense of responsibility, having a mind to face challenges, and task orientation while there was not a significant difference in having an adventurous mind. The results above indicate that the self-growth program has a significant influence on the morality and achievement motivation in adolescents on probation. Therefore, to enhance the morality and achievement motivation of adolescents, more organized research on self-growth programs is needed and their utilization should be improved.
Effect of Social Participation Influencing Elderly`s Suicidal Ideation
Jeong, Il-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 164~177
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.164
This study`s aim was to attest social support and self-efficacy`s mediation effects in the path which social participation affected to elderly`s suicidal ideation. Analysis data were Seoul Welfare Panel Data 2th wave(2010). A total of 1,429 cases aged over 65 were used for this study. Analysis method was AMOS 18.0`s Structural Equation Modeling, and sobel test was used for attesting mediation effects`s significance degree. Analysis results had established that measurement model and structural model`s fit was favorable, and all path coefficients had significance degree. Therefore, this model was suitable for this study. Also this results had proved that this study`s model was full mediation model, and it means that if mediation variables controlled, and then direct effect was excluded. And analysis results confirmed social support and self-efficacy` mediation effect had significance, by using a sobel test. Based on analysis results, this study suggested the importance of relationship between secondary group and individual, and presented intervention plans.
Effects of the Marital Conflict in Old Age on Elderly Divorce and Impulse to Commit a Crime
Kang, Sin-Sung ; Lim, Wang-Kyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 178~192
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.178
This study is for the analysis of the influence that the factors(communication, domestic life, offensive action, economic problem) of marital conflicts of old age and ecological systems factors(individual, family, sociality) have a impact to the divorce of elderly(thoughts and attempts of divorce) and the impulse to commit a crime(violence, egoism, running away from home). The guinea pigs is 350 married people of ages greater than 55 in the capital area. The 338 collected data excluding incomplete 12 data were analyzed. Statistical methods used in this study were factor analysis, frequency analysis, reliability analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Hiearchical regression analysis and Scheffe test with SPSS 18.0. The result are as follows. First, the marital conflict and ecological systems have a severe impact to the divorce of elderly, the more the conflict of the domestic life and the offensive action, the conflict in communicative and economic problem are getting higher. Second, the marital conflict and ecological systems have a severe impact to the impulse to commit a crime, the more the conflict of a domestic life and the conflict caused by spouse`s attack, the economic problem, the egotistic impulse are getting higher. Third, there are some statistically similar differences of all the parts(sex, academic ability, job, children coresidence, religion, physical condition, monthly average income) in the marital conflict by characteristic of sociology of population, ecological systems, the divorce of elderly and the impulse to commit a crime.
Family Stress and Family Resiliency`s Effects on Family Adaptation - Elderly Family care Services Targets on -
Son, Byoung-Il ; Jung, Min-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 193~203
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.193
Home care services, this study dependent family resilience and family stress, family adaptation through any route in order to examine the impact the Gwangju JeonNam home care services for elderly dependents, a survey of 203 people was conducted. The study of home care services dependent family adaptation family stress family tension without affecting the direct communication of the factors affecting indirectly through was. Based on the results of these studies look more family stress, family resilience to adapt because it affects family adaptability in order to improve the existing defects to reduce family stress perspective rather than focusing on the strengths of family resilience must be done in terms of the transition is proposed.
Influence of Parent`s Child-rearing Attitudes, Social Support and Hardiness on Subjective Happiness
Jung, Eun-Sun ; Lee, Ja-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 204~215
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.204
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of social support and hardiness on the relationship between parenting attitudes and subjective well-being. The participants of this study were 318 university students and analyses for this study was conducted by using SPSS 15.0 and Amos 7.0. The major results were as follows; Social support confirmed mediating variable between parenting attitudes and hardiness, and hardiness confirmed mediating variable between social support and subjective well-being. That is, parenting attitudes had some effect on subjective well-being through hardiness based on social support. Finally, the needs of development about the counseling and the education contents as a special intervention was discussed, and that contents were reflected social support and hardiness to be improved. Also, limitations and implications of subsequent further study were suggested in this research.
Effects of Job Satisfaction and the Job Performance by Participants` Self-leadership and Empowerment in Senior Employment Programs
Park, Yong-Du ; Chung, Min-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 216~226
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.216
This study is conducted to verify the effect on the job performance mediating job satisfaction of participant`s self-leadership and empowerment for Senior Employment Programs. The questionnaire research targets, a total of 158, are used analysis on participants for Senior Employment Programs in Gwang-ju, Jeollanam-do, Jeollabuk-do, Jeju. In order to derive research result to use a SPSS Version 12.0 for Window program, and factorial analysis, reliability verification for each variable were used. Additionally, It was used to carry out hypothesis verification for Regression analysis. As a result, the study shows that the job performance is maximized by the mediation effect of job satisfaction with self-leadership and empowerment of participants on Senior Employment Programs. On the base of study result, this paper suggest for participants in Senior Employment Program to enforce method about Natural Reward Strategies, Meaning, Confidence, Impact.
Effect of Self-esteem Improvement Program for Elementary School Children from Single-parent Families
Jung, Sun-A ; Hah, Yang-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 227~235
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.227
This study aims to testify the effect of self-esteem improvement program for elementary school children from single-parent families on their self-esteem and depression. Methods: The research design used in this study was a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest research design. The participants were divided into two groups, an experimental group(n
Impact of School Violence on Psychological Well-being: Korean Students` Happiness and Suicidal Impulse
Kim, Kyungmi ; Youm, Yoosik ; Park, Younmin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 236~247
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.236
This study examines the impact of school violence on South Korean students` psychological well-being. The research is designed to analyze how different types of experiences of school violence-victim, perpetrator, victim-perpetrator, and non-involvement-influence students` suicidal impulse and sense of happiness. Empirical data was gained from a national-scale survey conducted by Social Development Research Institute at Yonsei University in 2013, and was analyzed using binary logistic and multiple regression methods. Findings suggest that any types of experiences of school violence had significant effect on suicidal impulse. In particular, the likelihood of victim-perpetrator to experience suicidal impulse was 7.1 times stronger than non-involvement. However, the effect of experiences of school violence on students` sense of happiness was insignificant. While the impact of school violence on sense of happiness among victims and victim-perpetrators was significant, its impact among perpetrators proved insignificant. Rather, stress factor-in particular, stress from peers-had more significant impact on the level of students` happiness. This study contributes to understanding the multiple effect of school violence by examining both negative and positive dimensions of psychological well-being.
Relationships Among Parental Attachment, Social Support and Adjustment to College Life
Kim, Jong-Un ; Kim, Ji-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 248~259
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.248
The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of the perceived parental attachment and social support on adjustment to college life in university students. For this study, research data about adjustment to college life, the perceived parental attachment and social support were collected from 386 university students. Results of correlation and multiple regression analysis showed that the perceived parental attachment and social support are the most influential factors. Major findings and conclusions were as follow: First of all, the finding shows that the adjustment to college life has a significant static correlation with both parental attachment and Social support, respectively. Second, parental attachment and social support of friends have more influence on adjustment to college life, especially in academic, social, personal-emotional and environmental one. Thus, results of this study show the importance of a wide variety of policy research, continuous counseling, and development of programs for a better adjustment to college life.
Type of Gender Role Identity in Older Korean Men
Ko, Sung-Hee ; Kim, Myung-Ae ; Park, Euna ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 260~269
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.260
Gender role identity is a key subject toward adaptation in later life. In this paper, we tried to understand the specific types and characteristics of gender role identity in view of older men. The research collected and examined 40 representative descriptions representing gender role identity, including 20 for masculinity and 20 for femininity from 40 older men. We obtained four types of gender role identity of older men from this research. "Powerful-expressive type" is energetic and reveals his brave and dominant tendency when they are working. "Powerful-taciturn type" is strongly independent and has a firm conviction, but they do not express those characters and remain silent. "Powerful-paternal type" handles his work with a driving force, and has a tender character. "Paternal-caring type" finds his own worth in life by caring for his family and children, and considers others more than himself. Future research is needed to verify how the types of gender role identity are linked to psychosocial adaptive aspects, health behaviors, mental and physical health.
Relationship between Maternal Work Activity and Congenital Muscular Torticollis
Kim, Ki-Jeon ; Song, Brian Byung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 270~280
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.270
The Purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between congenital muscular torticollis and maternal work activity. This study was conducted with a total of 89 outpatient pregnant women whose child presented congenital muscular torticollis at the Department of Rehabilitation of "C" Hospital in Suwon within the period from 2006 to April 30, 2011. The results were as followings: (1) The mean age at the time of giving birth was 30.09years; the proportion of pregnant women with college education or higher was high; the proportion of first delivery was 82.0%; the most common way of delivery was natural childbirth, followed by Cesarean section and vacuum extraction; the proportion of breech delivery was 20.2%; and in 82.0% of the women, the first child had congenital muscular torticollis. (2) 59.6% of the women had a career; 45.3% had engaged in professional practice or had a related job; 75.5% had worked until the third trimester of their pregnancy; 54.7% had worked for seven hours or more in a seated position; and the mean number of working hours was 8.75 (3) The level of work-related stress was a low 25% or less, and in the subdivisions of work-related stress, only the level of strained relations belonged to the upper 50% or higher. (4) For the correlation between the survey respondents` job stress and job features, stress (full score: 100 points) showed a strong positive correlation with job demand, strained relations, inadequate reward, and workplace culture. Workplace also showed a strong positive correlation with inadequate reward. Mean daily working hours showed a strong positive correlation with mean weekly working hours.
Analysis of Awareness of Radiation and Nuclear Power Plants after Fukushima Nuclear Accident
Kim, Changsoo ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 281~287
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.281
Based on surveys of Busan residents, this study aimed to analyze general perception: radiation knowledge, recognition of the standard of knowledge, radiation benefits, recognition of the risks of nuclear power, collection of information on the Fukushima nuclear accident, recognition of changes before and after the Fukushima nuclear accident, and the path of collecting information about nuclear power and radiation. This analysis was based on 414 people who reside in Busan metropolitan city. It has been found that the Busan metropolitan city residents acknowledged the necessity of radiation in principle, however, most have negative awareness relating to safety. It is assumed that this negative awareness is a result from past nuclear power plant accidents, rather than being based on their own knowledge of radiation. Therefore, it is considered that efforts to change people`s awareness necessitate education of the public. This can be done via media, widening the range of people`s knowledge, and furthermore, promoting changes within people`s awareness and perspectives.
Digital Tomosynthesis Imaging of the Chest : Comparison of Patient Exposure Dose and Image Quality between Default Setting and Use Additional Filter
Kim, Kye-Sun ; Ahn, Sung-Min ; Kim, Sung-Chul ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 288~294
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.288
Chest digital tomosynthesis was the most advanced digital radiography technology, but it was higher patient dose than conventional chest radiography. Thus we tried to reduce a patient dose of chest digital tomosynthesis and evaluated its image quality. Result shows that radiation dose such as ESD, DAP and ED were 1.95 mGy, 17.66
and 0.133 mSv respectively in default setting and 0.312 mGy, 2.27
and 0.052 mSv in use additional filter, respectively. Doses were decrease 66.2%, 73.6% and 57.4% in ESD, DAP and ED, respectively. At the image quality assessment, overall sensitivities of use additional filter for nodule detection were not inferior to default mode for peripheral, central and peripheral micro nodules. However, sensitivity of low dose mode was significantly inferior to the default for central micro-nodules(p < .001).
Dental Fear and the associated Factors of some Middle School Students in Cheongju-City
Shim, Youn-Soo ; Kim, Ah-Hyeon ; An, So-Youn ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 295~304
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.295
This study aims to examine the level of fear and the influential factors affecting their dental fear and to utilize the result as the basic materials in the dental management. The subjects were the students from a middle school located in Cheongju-City. The school was selected by convenient sampling and self-answered questionnaire was filled in by the students for a week from December 19th 2011. The survey result showed that 77 male students and 169 female students(total 246 students) answered `yes` to the question `Have you ever felt fear when you visited a dentist?` among 475 students who had visited a dentist in the past. The distribution of responses in each category of fear was examined by frequency analysis. The study results showed significant difference in the item of `causing irritation during the dental treatments` between male students and female students (p<0.05). Converting the level of fear into scores after marking the answers, the score of male students was 52.0 points and the score of female students was 58.53 showing the score of female students was significantly higher in statistics. Moreover, the fear score of female students for the category `causing irritation during the dental treatments` was also significantly higher in statistics(p<0.05). Therefore, these results should be reflected to the dental care environments in order for the adolescent to reduce the dental anxiety and fear.
Research on Oral Status of Hearing Impaired Youth by Using QLF-D
Kim, Chang-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 305~311
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.305
This study analyzed the oral status after recording the images by using QLF-D with targets of 38 youth people with hearing impairment and hearing language impairment. In order to investigate the state of oral hygiene, plaque index (O`Leary index) and contents of investigation of the state of the teeth included the number of sound teeth, the number of caries teeth, dental caries experience and the number of filling teeth. The following results were obtained. First, women lacked the management on plaque and had more caries teeth compared with men. In terms of impairment classification, subjects with both hearing and language impairment lacked the management on plaque and had more caries teeth. Second, subjects who did not get an oral exam for one year had more caries teeth. Oral hygiene score was the highest with the brushing time for 3-4 minutes. The number of sound teeth was increased as the brushing time was increased. In addition, the oral hygiene management time was the highest when cleaning the teeth, gums and tongue at the same time. Third, it was shown that the satisfaction of oral health education by using the new equipment was high. As a result of this study, in order to improve the oral health level of impaired students, they shall be trained to manage their teeth by themselves and educated to increase their motivation and practice. Thus, it is thought that various approaches which are differentiated from existing methods are required to be tried.
Development of a Scenario and Evaluation for Simulation Learning of Care for Patients with Hyperkalemia of Liver Cirrhosis in Emergency Unit
Kang, Hee-Young ; Kim, Eun-Jung ; Oh, Yun-Jeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 312~321
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.312
The purpose of this study was to develop a scenario suited for our clinical situations and evaluate the application possibility by evaluating students` problem solving ability and learning satisfaction in simulation learning. This study consisted of contents which could be applied for varied situations such as complications and symptoms related to liver cirrhosis, looking into hyperkalemia symptoms of patients with liver cirrhosis in emergency unit. The stage of developing scenario was organized in the order of setting simulation learning objectives and situations of scenario, making algorithm, writing checklists of clinical performance appraisal, and debriefing. The scenario was constructed with monitor setting(actions), patient/mannequin(actions), expected interventions(events), and cues in chronological order, according to the scenario progression outline of Jeffries (2007). The scenario was used in 2011, consisting of 4-5 people per group of 53 senior nursing students who registered for `clinical performance appraisal` course. The problem solving ability improved from a score of 4.05 before simulation learning to a score of 4.30 after simulation learning (t
Satisfaction of Foreign Patients on Hospital Use
Lee, Hwang ; Lee, WonJae ; Choi, Kwang-Il ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 322~333
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.322
This study aimed at analyzing and understanding medical tourism patients` pattern of different countries. For this purpose it followed up the international patients who visited W hospitals for spine treatment for last 3 years. In additon, it proposed key marketing strategies for attraction of more patients in the future. Satisfaction survey for 91 foreigner hospitalized patients were conducted from year 2010 to 2011. Each country of the patients showed slightly different motivations of visiting, consumer pattern and satisfaction of medical and non medical services. The current study analyzed factors, socio-demographic characteristics, purposes of visit, duration of stay in Korea, total number of visits to Korea, companions, plan of care, reasons for choice of W Hospital, expenses for medical care, total cost of staying in Korea. The results of this study showed that patients visited Korea more frequently were more satisfied with the medical care. Patients who planned to use medical care prior to visit Korea were more satisfied. Patients who thought he/she paid reasonable medical cost were more satisfied. Invitation to familiarization tour, clarification of medical cost, and provision of high quality medical care were recommended for the higher satisfaction of foreign patients. Fostering of specialized hospitals were recommended.
Readiness for Death and Death Anxiety among Hospitalized Cancer Patients
Kwen, Hyang-Suk ; Suh, In-Sun ; Kim, Hyun-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 334~343
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.334
This study was conducted to examine the readiness for death and death anxiety among hospitalized cancer patients. A convenience sample of 183 cancer patients admitted to four hospitals in Korea was recruited for this study. Data were collected in 2010. Collected data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson`s correlation coefficient. The mean scores of readiness for death and death anxiety were 1.99(
) and 2.21(
) out of 4, respectively. `Psychological readiness` showed the highest mean score among the death anxiety domains, and `dying process` had the highest mean score among the death anxiety domains. No statistically significant correlation was found between readiness for death and death anxiety. Readiness for death was statistically significantly different according to age, afterlife beliefs, stage of cancer, duration of disease, and number of symptoms. Death anxiety showed significant difference according to faith in God and afterlife beliefs. Distress in the process of dying needs to be managed for cancer patients and spiritual interventions should be considered to relieve death anxiety.
The Effect of Policy Rate Adjustments in US on the Korean Bond
Park, Jae-Hwan ; Kim, Chun-Kyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 344~354
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.344
The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of FRB`s policy rate adjustments on the 10 years Korea Treasury Bond (KTB) market. Our results are summarized as follows. First, it is found that the FRB`s policy rate adjustments are statistically significant positive impact on the 10 years KTB yield. Based on projection, the 10bp increases in FRB`s policy rate generates 7bp higher in 10 years KTB yield. Second, the result from after the Lehman bankruptcy in `08 is found to be statistically significant, while that of before financial crisis is not. Third, the variable, in which consistent with yield difference between the 10 years UTB(US Treasury Bond) and the 10 years KTB, is found that is statistically significant positive impact in 1% significance level. And also given that Brunner(2000) exhibited that the Federal Fund Rate innovations are found to impact on other economic variables through the impulse response, the 10 years KTB yield is found to respond to innovation in the Federal Fund Rate up to about 12 months.
A Study in Effect of Private Banker`s Characteristics on Sales Behavior and Moderating effect of Organizational Support System in the Korean Securities Industry
Shin, Jae-Young ; Ha, Kyu-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 355~368
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.355
In securities companies where corporate management performance is heavily dependent on the ability of salespeople, excellent sales-force with the ability to create high performance is very important. However, in the meantime, there was lack of studies on Private Banker`s characteristics and sales behavior or sales performance. This study analyzed the effect of PB`s characteristics on sales behavior in the Korean Securities Industry. The survey was conducted in March, 2013. 523 responses were used in the data analysis. As a result, PB`s 4 characteristics- attitude to work, performance orientation, learning orientation, customer orientation- showed a positive impact on the sales behavior, and the organizational support showed positive moderating effect on this model. In this study, we reported that securities companies must reinforce training and self-development programs in order to improve the characteristics of the PB and to upgrade management performance. In particular, the securities has to rebuild organizational support system to improve the individual characteristics of the PB.
Information Components of Social Commerce Websites -Focusing on Product, Price, Service, and Seller Information-
Park, Minjung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 369~381
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.369
The purpose of the study was to divide social commerce websites` information into components of product, price, service, and seller information, and to systematically analyze each component of information. A content analysis was used as a research methodology, and 100 webpages from social commerce websites were analyzed. As results, the social commerce websites provided basic information (front view, fabric contents, country of origin, care, color, size) for product information and emphasized price information, including discount rates, sales dues, product quantity, and the amount of products sold. They basically provided expected delivery date, delivery company, Q&A, and return/refund service for service information. In addition, they basically presented brand logo and brand name but need to add information about brand concepts, history and volume as seller information. This study suggested diverse theoretical and practical implications of social commerce information.
Differences in Corporate Crisis Management Between CEO`s Leadership Styles
Hong, Han-Kuk ; Woo, Bo-Hyun ; Lee, Bong-Gu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 382~391
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.382
Crisis management is one of the most important tasks of any business as business environments have been dramatically changed. In a sense the ability to manage crisis effectively is connected to the survival of any organization, whether it be a nation or company. In case of a company, the ability depends on CEO`s leadership styles. Though some research have internationally investigated the relationship between crisis management and CEO`s leadership styles, few research has dealt with the issue. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of CEO`s leadership styles in the perception of the importance of corporate crisis management and the level of crisis management. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to CEOs of various types of business and a total of 259 questionnaires were collected from them. But only 201 questionnaires were used for testing hypotheses after getting rid of incomplete ones. The result showed that CEO`s leadership styles have different roles in the issues raised in this study. Implications and further research suggestions were discussed.
Reaction Properties of Non-Cement Mortar Using Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag
Park, Sun-Gyu ; Kwon, Seung-Jun ; Kim, Yun-Mi ; Lee, Sang-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 392~399
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.392
The purpose of this study is to identify the manufacturing possibility of non-cement mortar using blast furnace slag and alkali accelerator. In this experimental study, the blast furnace slag which is the by-product of the steel industry substitute for cement, and the potassium hydroxide(KOH), calcium hydroxide (
) and sodium hydroxide(NaOH) as stimulus were added to each specimen. And the analysis on reaction property of non-cement mortar was conducted by measurement such as flexural and compressive strength, XRD, EDS and SEM. From the test results, it can be founded that
and CaO included in the blast furnace slag are released and make the calcium silicate hydrate like the hydration reaction of the cement. Also, the continued study is need to reduce emission of
because of major content in filed of the building construction.
Evaluation of Multi-legged Roundabout Using Surveyed Critical Gap Acceptance
Park, Soon-Yong ; Kim, Dong-Nyong ; Jeong, Jun-Hwa ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 400~409
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.400
In this paper, considering the characteristics of the driver at roundabouts by investigating the critical gap acceptance on various traffic conditions, multi-legged roundabouts were evaluated. The gap acceptance and rejection of 4-legged, 5-legged, 6-legged, and 7-legged roundabout were surveyed on real fields, and the critical gap acceptance was estimated using Raff`s methods. Derived the critical gap acceptance was processed calibration and validation for micro-simulation, and then multi-legged roundabouts under variable conditions such as variations of traffic volume, turning ratio, and size of inscribed circle diameter were evaluated to verify operating conditions of roundabouts. As the results, according to the operating traffic volume and turning ratio, the inscribed circle diameters were proposed at each level of service. These inscribed circle diameters were able to reflect the guideline of geometric design for multi-legged roundabouts.
Analytical System Development for Reinforced Tall Buildings with Construction Sequence
Lee, Tae-Gyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 410~417
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.410
Long-term behavior analysis considering construction sequence should be performed in the design and the actual construction of reinforced tall buildings. Most of the analytical studies on this subject, however, has not been applied directly to the structural design and the construction caused by the simple approach. As the axial force redistribution of shores and columns is time-dependent, the actual construction sequence with the placement of concrete, form removal, reshoring, shore removal, and the additional load application is very important. Object-oriented analysis program considering construction sequence, especially time-dependent deformation in early days, is developed. This system is composed of input module, database module, database store module, analysis module, and result generation module. Linkage interface between the central database and each of the related module is implemented by the visual c# concept. Graphic user interface and the relational database table are supported for user`s convenience.
Differences in Adolescent Athletes` Perceived Autonomy-Support Coaching Behaviors and Social Behaviors by Gender and Sport Career
Lee, Kyong-Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 418~428
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.418
This study investigated whether adolescents` perception s of coaching behavior and social behaviors differ by gender and sport career, and examined the relationships among these variables. Subjects were 740 high school athletes (516 males, 224 females). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation, and 2(gender)
(sport career) MANOVA. Results of MANOVA indicated that the interaction between gender and sport career significantly influenced to the level of prosocial behaviors on opponents. Male athletes perceived their coaches` behaviors more controlled and showed higher antisocial behaviors to opponents than female athletes. Athletes with low sport career reported higher antisocial behaviors on opponents than those with high careers. Autonomy-supportive coaching behaviors were positively associated with prosocial behaviors, but negatively related with antisocial behaviors. Controlled coaching behaviors were positively associated with antisocial behaviors.
Landscape View point on the technique of GIS visibility analysis for Scenic Resources Excavation - Focused on haenam dalmasan mihwangsa (scenic sites No.59)-
Lee, Won-Ho ; Kim, Jae-Ung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 429~439
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.429
This study, as a purpose of viewshed anaiysis is selected for the landscape view point, View of the target Haenam Dalmasan Mihwangsa(Scenic site No.59) located in the terrain ridge. Criteria of landscape view point was built through both 3D visibility analysis by GIS and public preference. In results could be summarized as follows : Criteria of landscape view point by GIS was confirmed to be appropriate since a result of average score for 36 data calculated by 3D visibility analysis was higher than intermediate score. Futhermore, the landscape view point with higher score could be associate with higher public preference was determined. 3D visibility analysis in this study should be implemented additionally with not GIS, public preference but distance and extent of visibility research to discover, maintain and preserve objective and empirical landscape view point to public as resources of scenic sites.
Corpus-Based Literary Analysis
Ha, Myung-Jeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 440~447
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.440
Recently corpus linguistic analyses enable researchers to examine meanings and structural features of data, that is not detected intuitively. While the potential of corpus linguistic techniques has been established and demonstrated for non-literary data, corpus stylistic analyses have been rarely performed in terms of the analysis of literature. Specifically this paper explores keywords and their role in text analysis, which is primary part of corpus linguistic analyses. This paper focuses on the application of techniques from corpus linguistics and the interpretation of results. This paper addresses the question of what is to be gained from keyword analysis by scrutinizing keywords in Shakespeare`s Romeo and Juliet.
Research on the Emotional Expression of Synesthesia through STEAM Education Program
Lee, Jin ; Lee, Seungyon-Seny ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 448~454
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.448
This paper proposes a methodology of expanding the mind in multi-disciplinary ways through STEAM education program based on science and art. The paper aims at analyzing both the analog- an digital-based emotional expressions experienced by students. Students use digital visualization technology using linguistic tool as well as sense of vision, hearing and touching. This is a STEAM education program designed for high school students and called "Kandinsky, Drawing the Sound". Kandinsky was a prominent proponent of synesthesia and through his artwork, students can learn how to express and develop synesthetic senses. Through this STEAM program, students are empowered to express diverse emotions reconstructed through plays, stories and synesthesia.
Contents Development of IrobiQ on School Violence Prevention Program for Young Children
Hyun, Eunja ; Lee, Hawon ; Yeon, Hyemin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 455~466
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.455
The purpose of this study was to develop a school violence prevention program "Modujikimi" for young children to be embedded in IrobiQ, the teacher assistive robot. The themes of this program consisted of basic character education, bullying prevention education and sexual violence prevention education. The activity types included large group, individual and small group activities, free choice activities, and finally parents` education, which included poems, fairy tales, music, art, sharing stories. Finally, the multi modal functions of the robot were employed: image on the screen, TTS (Text To Speech), touch function, recognition of sound and recording system. The robot content was demonstrated to thirty early childhood educators whose acceptability of the content was measured using questionnaires. And also the content was applied to children in daycare center. As a result, majority of them responded positively in acceptability. The results of this study suggest that the further research is needed to improve two-way interactivity of teacher assistive robot.
Development of Web Based Micro-teaching system
Kwon, Sukjin ; Jung, Hyojung ; Cho, Hanchol ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 467~475
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.467
Micro-teaching is one of instructional methods to improve teaching skills whereby teachers present short sessions and receive feedbacks on their performance. In this research, we developed the web based micro-teaching system for more efficient and effective teacher training by placing videotaped session and peer feedbacks near rather than far from each other on the screen. We analyzed previous studies related to the micro-teaching system, and interviewed pre-service teachers to find some suggestions. Based on this analysis, we drew design principles and developed web based micro-teaching system, which helps teachers to plan instructional strategies, to reflect teaching skills, and to participate in peer assessment. We hope that the system will be useful to not only teacher training but also other fields such as presentation or interview skills.
Analysis of e-Learning Contents in Distance Teacher Training for Quality Improvement
Kim, Yong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 476~484
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.476
The purpose of this study was to analyze the quality of 67 kinds of e-learning contents in an attempt to boost the effectiveness of distance teacher training. As a result of analyzing, the e-learning contents were rated highest in terms of `training content,` followed by `instructional design,` `teaching & learning strategies,` `evaluation` and `interaction.` The scores of `teaching & learning strategies,` `evaluation` and `interaction` were below 80 that was the standard of quality certification. In mean comparison(ES) of contents quality level between certified contents and non certified contents, `instructional design` had the largest ES(effect size), followed by `teaching & learning strategies,` `evaluation`. In the analysis of evaluation factors, most of factors had a large effect such as `webpage layout`, `selection of instructional design`. The findings of the study are expected to suggest what improvements should be made in the development of e-learning contents for distance teacher training.
Effect of Pre-service Child Care Teacher`s Child Care Teacher Aptitude on The Teaching Professionalism Recognition, Efficacy of Child Care and Multicultural Teaching Efficacy
Bae, Moon-Jo ; Park, Se-Jeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 485~494
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.485
In child care teacher aptitude, it is identified that there is difference between male and female in sociability for the infants, but it shows that there is no difference in other field and implies that compared with gender of child care teacher, desire and qualification are more important for child care teaching. In addition,, in child care teacher aptitude, it is identified that as variable, commitment for duty expressively explicates child care teacher`s professional perception, and the following things are shown as the variables to meaningfully explain the child care efficacy : creativity, self-improvement, sociability for infants, receptiveness, sensitiveness and safety management capacity significantly. Finally, it is turned out that creativity and self-improvement as main variable, expressively explains multicultural teaching efficacy. It is suggested the necessity to instruct pre-service child care teachers to possess creativity and be able to develop themselves, and improve multicultural teacher competencies.
Production of English Vowels by Korean Learners
Lee, Kye-Youn ; Cho, Mi-Hui ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 495~503
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.495
The purpose of this study was to investigate how Korean speakers produce English vowels. Twenty one Korean learners produced the vowels [i, ɪ, eɪ, ɛ, æ, ɑ, ʌ, ɔ, oʊ, ʊ, u] in bVt or pVt forms of real words. Acoustic measurements were conducted for the vowel formant frequencies (F1, F2) and duration. Results showed that Korean learners tended to produce the vowel duration longer than native English speakers. Also, the front vowels produced by Korean participants tended to be produced at the more frontal part of the tongue. In addition, Korean participants distinguished the tense and lax pairs not through quality(F1, F2) but through vowel duration. This is different from the native English speakers in that they differentiate tense and lax pairs by quality(F1, F2) as well as vowel duration. Based on these results, pedagogical implications are discussed.
Effects of Self Directed Learning Applying Basic Nursing Practice Contents of e-Learning on Nursing Students` Knowledge, Self Confidence and Satisfaction
Jo, Hyun-Sook ; Park, Eun-Young ; Choi, Jeong-Sil ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 13, issue 9, 2013, Pages 504~514
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2013.13.09.504
Purpose: This study was to identify the educational effects of self directed learning applying basic nursing practice contents of e-learning on nursing students` knowledge, self-confidence, and learning satisfaction. Method: This study applied a quasi-experimental pre-test and post-test control group design with 63 freshman nursing students (31 experimental group, 32 control group) of G. university in Incheon, Korea as subjects. The e-learning content was about the application of topical medications, central line care, and blood transfusion. All were available at the web site in school. Self-directed e-learning was more than 120 min.(3 times a week, 2 weeks)during Sep-Nov in 2011. In both groups, there were no significant difference in general characteristics, self-directed learning readiness, knowledge, and self-confidence for the pre-homogeneity. Results: The experimental group showed a higher level of improvement in knowledge and learning satisfaction but not significantly. However, the self-confidence was significantly improved in the experimental group. Conclusion: When self-directed learning using e-learning contents added to the conventional practical class, it may be beneficial for the nursing students to learn skills effectively.