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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
Emotion Recognition Using The Color Image Scale in Clothing Images
Lee, Seul-Gi ; Woo, Hyo-Jeong ; Ryu, Sung-Pil ; Kim, Dong-Woo ; Ahn, Jae-Hyeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 1~6
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.001
Emotion recognition is defined as that machines automatically recognize human emotions. Because the human emotions is very subjective, it is impossible to measure objectively. Therefore, the goal of emotion recognition is to obtain a measure that is agreed by as many people as possible. Emotion recognition in a image is implemented as the method that matches human emotions to the various features of the image. In the paper, we propose an emotion recognition system using color features of clothing image based on the Kobayashi's image scale. The proposed system stores colors of image scale into a database. And extracted major colors from a input clothing image are compared with those in the database. The proposed system can obtain three emotions maximally. In order to evaluate the system performance 70 observers are tested. The test results shows that recognized emotions of the proposed system are very similar to the observers emotions.
Eye and Mouth Images Based Facial Expressions Recognition Using PCA and Template Matching
Woo, Hyo-Jeong ; Lee, Seul-Gi ; Kim, Dong-Woo ; Ryu, Sung-Pil ; Ahn, Jae-Hyeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 7~15
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.007
This paper proposed a recognition algorithm of human facial expressions using the PCA and the template matching. Firstly, face image is acquired using the Haar-like feature mask from an input image. The face image is divided into two images. One is the upper image including eye and eyebrow. The other is the lower image including mouth and jaw. The extraction of facial components, such as eye and mouth, begins getting eye image and mouth image. Then an eigenface is produced by the PCA training process with learning images. An eigeneye and an eigenmouth are produced from the eigenface. The eye image is obtained by the template matching the upper image with the eigeneye, and the mouth image is obtained by the template matching the lower image with the eigenmouth. The face recognition uses geometrical properties of the eye and mouth. The simulation results show that the proposed method has superior extraction ratio rather than previous results; the extraction ratio of mouth image is particularly reached to 99%. The face recognition system using the proposed method shows that recognition ratio is greater than 80% about three facial expressions, which are fright, being angered, happiness.
A Grid Based Routing Scheme Considering Node Connectivities in MANET Environments
Yoon, Soo-Yong ; Kim, Jae-Gu ; Lim, Jongtae ; Lee, Seok-Hee ; Bok, Kyoungsoo ; Yoo, Jaesoo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 16~27
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.016
In this paper, we propose an efficient grid based routing scheme using the location information in order to reduce the routing cost in mobile ad-hoc networks. In our proposed scheme, all nodes can be a candidate to forward messages to the specified destination node and reduce the management cost of head nodes because they do not exist. The intermediate nodes determine the next hop relaying messages on the basis of location relations between a node and a grid zone. The proposed scheme explores the routing path considering the direction of a node using the coordinate of a grid zone and neighbor node information. It also maintains the routing path considering connectivities among the nodes. In order to show the superiority of the proposed routing scheme, we compare it with the existing grid based routing scheme in terms of the overhead of message, the success rate of transmission.
A Distributed Cache Management Scheme for Efficient Accesses of Small Files in HDFS
Oh, Hyunkyo ; Kim, Kiyeon ; Hwang, Jae-Min ; Park, Junho ; Lim, Jongtae ; Bok, Kyoungsoo ; Yoo, Jaesoo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 28~38
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.028
In this paper, we propose the distributed cache management scheme to efficiently access small files in Hadoop Distributed File Systems(HDFS). The proposed scheme can reduce the number of metadata managed by a name node since many small files are merged and stored in a chunk. It is also possible to reduce the file access costs, by keeping the information of requested files using the client cache and data node caches. The client cache keeps small files that a user requests and metadata. Each data node cache keeps the small files that are frequently requested by users. It is shown through performance evaluation that the proposed scheme significantly reduces the processing time over the existing scheme.
A Practical Effectiveness Analysis on Alert Verification Method Based on Vulnerability Inspection
Chun, Sung-Taek ; Lee, Youn-Su ; Kim, Seok-Hun ; Kim, Kyu-Il ; Seo, Chang-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 39~49
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.039
Cyber threats on the Internet are tremendously increasing and their techniques are also evolving constantly. Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is one of the powerful solutions for detecting and analyzing the cyber attacks in realtime. Most organizations deploy it into their networks and operate it for security monitoring and response service. However, IDS has a fatal problem in that it raises a large number of alerts and most of them are false positives. In order to cope with this problem, many approaches have been proposed for the purpose of automatically identifying whether the IDS alerts are caused by real attacks or not. In this paper, we present an alert verification method based on correlation analysis between vulnerability inspection results for real systems that should be protected and the IDS alerts. In addition, we carry out practical experiments to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed verification method using two types of real data, i.e., the IDS alerts and the vulnerability inspection results.
Sound Direction through Listening Point Application
Kim, Eun-Dong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 50~59
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.050
A basic role of sound is to give realism to the expressions on the screen or to highlight the images using exaggerated effect as a supporting role. In that way, sound effect makes it possible for audiences to naturally understand realistic images. However, the sound effect in movies is not real 'sound' in fact. Rather, sound effect is a separate cinematic tool that needs a separate direction to manipulate sounds in order to create appropriate effects for particular intention in the movie. While watching the movie, the audiences go through unique experience where they comprehend the manipulated world as the real world. Therefore, direction for sound effect must help deliver realism to the images by auditory factors. Thus, effective sound direction shall have precise and independent design for identification, reason and eurythmical match with the screen and occurred sounds shall be designed based on the subjective listening point to see who is actually listening.
The Expression of Image Narrative of Dunhuang Wall Paintings
Jo, Jeong-Rae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 60~67
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.060
In the history of ancient art, the form harmonizing Text and Image is founded in many genres of art. especially Buddhist art Image, which is used as important tool as the text to spread Buddhist ideas. This original literary form have switched the visual communication systems, patterns of speculation is another reason to have a symbolic system. The switch between Text and Image is very important on interpreting the aesthetic concept of the modern interpretation of visual media. Therefore, This research has investigated and compared the Wall paintings
in Dunhuang to Animation
's Image Narrative. The original story of
is based on the Buddhist Jataka tale of the same name, which were discovered as wall paintings made by unknown artists at the Dunhuang Mogao Caves.
Content Analysis of Newspapers' Travel News
Park, Jowon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 68~78
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.068
Recently, media's attention to tourism is enhanced, and the proportion of tourism related content is increasing. Hence, the present study performed a content analysis of the travel news stories in major Korean newspapers to figure out the current state of travel journalism. A rotation sampling method was employed, and 53 days in 2013 were selected. Main coding categories were type, theme, and writer of the news stories and the degree of promotional information in the news stories. Differences among newspapers and the degree of inclusion of the promotional information according to news types and themes were analyzed. Analyses revealed the differences among newspapers and the degree of inclusion of promotional information was different according to the news types and themes. On the basis of the findings, problems of the travel journalism were identified, and possible measures to solve the problems were discussed.
Analyzing Characters and Designing Actions to Feature - Sarafanov of
Written by A. B. Vampilov
Cheon, Hyo-Bum ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 79~88
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.079
Vampilov, who is not well known as a playwright in domestic, is acknowledged comparable to Anton Chekhov in Russia. This paper was planed in order to promote a unsatisfied study until now in domestic for works by Vampilov and studied a part of composing play to put on the stage for
, a drama written by Vampilov. This paper, originated from a viewpoint that actor have to complete the final text of the play for audiences to read depending on the drama and based on work features and characters of Vampilov, established an analysis scheme according to segments of unit actions for actions of Sarafanov, the character of the play, in order to achieve a purpose under suggested situation at the drama and focused on completing purposes per units individually. We have analyzed Sarafanov and his actions referring patterns and probabilities of the characters in the other works by Vampiov and regarded it as the important item together with logical basis of actions. Lyric and humanism emphasizing works by Vampilov, affected by Anton Chekhov and Nikolai Vasilevich Gogol, are acknowledged as realistic descriptions using contingency and a play within a play outstandingly and emphasized an importance of human relation. We have selected
as a primary way to compose action text that audiences would read on the stage and used it as the method to design action of the characters in order to activate natural good of Sarafanov and general absurdities that human, does creative works, never give up purposes of ideal life.
Usefulness of Meyerhold's 'Biomechanics' as an Alternative for a Method of Actor Training II - Focused on the Actual Training Program of 'Biomechanics'
Cho, Han-Jun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 89~101
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.089
The 'Biomechanics', which was devised to systematically train actor's material and medium, is evaluated as the first approach to an acting method in earnest with Stanislavsky's 'System'. Especially, due to the psycho-physical features of 'Biomechanics' that helps an actor to master a mechanism of human being such as stimulus, impulse and reaction, it was valued as an alternative for a naturalistic acting method that was excessively focused on the actor's emotional expression. However, the 'Biomechanics' is not utilized with activity in a field of actor training in Korea compared with Stanislavsky's 'The Method of Physical Action' which has a similar starting point as the psycho-physical feature. It is because of a political reason that a study for Meyerhold was officially forbidden in Russia until the mid-twentieth century. It is also because of a limit that incorporeal features of the 'Biomechanics' could not but be explained only by publications, especially translation. In this sense, as part of seeking for a new alternative of acting methods in Korea, this study will explore a possibility of applying the 'Biomechanics' to the actual actor training field through correct understanding of it.
Change to Plan Budgeting According to Development of the Environment of Performing Arts in Korea
Jeong, Dal-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 102~110
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.102
It is a time to change the investment system for performances of co-producing according to development of the environment of performing arts in Korea. If we keep producing performances through the conventional method of the investment, we soon fall behind because production costs will increase by extension of the performance period. Investment companies generally require to the production company the investment principal guarantee as a condition for a investment. Producing companies have been producing performance with only ticket revenue and money of investment companies without their own money. Those two unreasonable things have raised a risk. So first of all, it is necessary to account marginal cost instead of average cost to decide more exactly open-running of performance. Second, it is necessary to change total cost as an investment parameter to production cost to avoid the unreasonable demands, such as a principal guarantee to production company. Therefore, we have to accept the budget planning of the United States to account the marginal cost and the production cost.
Study 1 of The 100 Best Chinese Films for Storytelling Content Development of Korea and China's Collaborative Film Production -Focused on Films in 1930's-
Han, Dal-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 111~124
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.111
This dissertation is to seek new valuable possibility of the 100 best Chinese films on storytelling in Chinese films as considering about content development of Korea and China's Collaborative film production and extension, that being magnified as a new content for variety of Korean film production. The moment to the Korean wave is getting cold in Japan, Korean wave is attempt to receive attention in new field through China by various image field with Korean drama's appeal. However, film content fall short of our expectation than media content, even if supporting much various attempts with Korea and China's Collaborative film production content. Specially, there are not satisfied films for Korea and China both counties's audience, although Korea and China's Collaborative film production has been produced steadily. The writer studies on stories of Chinese essential 100 films for searching deeply this problem. Among them, in selected 'The 100 Best Chinese Films' by China in 2005, films in 1930's are selected as the first step to study, and this dissertation searches to communicate storytelling's meaning in Chinese films through that time image. This studies what is the point of selected story by China, and there are what kind of worries. This dissertation considers that focused on characters, event and background. Chinese film in 1930's represented life in times through process of play development that is connected with poverty, reality of society, death, tragedy and tragicomedy.
Research on The Photo-storytelling based on Comics for the Children Photo Education
Park, Eunha ; Yoon, Joonsung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 125~132
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.125
This study is a research on the Photo-Storytelling applying factors of storytelling based on comics for the children photo education. Creation of new forms of contents has become possible due to the increase of the image creation and consumption in a new digital environment. Along with this development, the capacity for critical image literacy and the children photo education, as cultural arts, are more in demand than ever before. Therefore, the study proposes a new type of Photo-Storytelling that applies storytelling technique based on comics. First, we investigates the format of comics and compares photo and comics. Second, we analyzes photo education, which applies storytelling based on Comics and analyzes advantage it. This study will contribute to the development of basic research for children photo education by presenting a new form of photo education called the comic photos as the Photo-Storytelling program based on comics.
Measuring Consumer Empathic Response to Advertising Drama
Soh, Hyeonjin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 133~142
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.133
The purpose of the present study is to develop and validate the scale measuring consumer empathic response to advertising drama. Through a series of consumer surveys and factor analyses, the Consumer Empathic Response to Advertising Scale (the CERA scale) containing 11-Likert format items was developed. The CERA scale consists of three factors which are empathic understanding, identification, and vicarious emotional response. The CERA scale improves the content validity of the existing consumer empathy scales by including identification factor which has been ignored.
The Relationships among Consumer Lifestyle, Media Usage, and Adoption of Nscreen Service
Park, Hyun Jung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 143~153
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.143
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of factors related to consumer lifestyle and media usage on the adoption of Nscreen service, which is fundamentally changing both the competitive landscape for business and the daily lives of consumers. The data of 8,524 consumers used in this study were drawn from the first Korea Media Panel Study in 2012 of Korea Information Society Development Institute and the characteristics of adopters and non-adopters were compared. The study also aims to explore the usage pattern of Nscreen as well as antecedent variables that affect the innovative service usage. Logistic regression analysis shows various factors affects the acceptance of this innovation. This is only a first step in the important process of understanding the nature of relationship between consumer lifestyle and the adoption of Nscreen service. Gaining a comprehensive understanding of the drivers of Nscreen usage will help engineers and marketers to develop effective strategies that meet consumer needs for innovative services.
Improvement Directions for the Welfare of Filmmakers 'Focusing on Filmmaker Certification and Implementation Methods for 「Artist Welfare Card」'
Lee, Choong-Jik ; Kim, Loyou ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 154~163
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.154
This paper has examined the current status of Korea's welfare policy and asserts the necessity of artist classification by types of employment, dividing them into those who have irregular jobs and those who are in permanent positions, focusing on filmmakers. Furthermore, it has looked into the certification policy for artist welfare support that is currently in action. In conclusion, this paper discusses the certification and suggests implementation methods for "Artist Welfare Card" in expectation of future activation of Artist Welfare Support Project.
A Comparative Study of Regional Medical Information Protection Act and Privacy Act
Bang, Yun-Hui ; Rhee, Hyun-Sill ; Lee, Il-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 164~174
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.164
The purpose of this study is to explore ways to resolve the conflicting issues that are currently applied in medical Act and medical privacy Act through the comparative Analysis of the Privacy Act and the Medical Information Protection Act foreign. the results run to establish the Public Health Act coming for the protection of health information is a characteristic of many countries, France in Europe, the United States and Canada had been running an independent medical information laws are enacted. Prescribes penalties of up to a fairly systematic method from the case records of patients would not have occurred in the management and implementation of the law and the protection of the author of the book focuses on the subject of medical records and physician records between patient confidentiality and privacy it can be seen that the method defined in. This indicates the need for the establishment of an independent medical information laws to protect all records relating to the patient systematically Korea also.
Development of Fatigue Scale of Private Security Guards
Kim, Kyong-Sik ; Park, Young-Man ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 175~185
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.175
This study is to develop a fatigue scale for the private security guard for a private security guard to effectively manage fatigue were tested for validity and reliability. To achieve that, this study employed purposive sampling to draw 300 samples among private security guards working for the security firms registered in Seoul District Police Office as of 2014, and used 259 samples for final analysis. Fatigue scale was developed on the basis of the scale development methods and procedures in previous studies. For data processing, SPSSWIN 18.0 program was applied to conduct exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, and correlation analysis, and AMOS 18.0 program was employed to conduct confirmatory factory analysis. This study came to the following conclusion. First, the validity of the fatigue measurement tool was high. In other words, content validity was high, and construct validity was also high. The factor loading of exploratory factor analysis was .452, and the standard value of confirmatory factor analysis was .403. Therefore, the tool satisfied the basis value of fit index. The sub categories of fatigue, finally drawn from validity test, were mental fatigue, nervous system dysfunction, physical deformity, and exhaustion. Secondly, the reliability of the fatigue measurement tool was high. In other words, according to item analysis, the correlation between items and their sub categories, and between items and total score was more than .602, relatively high. And the reliability coefficient (Cronbach's
) was high, or more than .658. Fatigue Scale tool will be developed by private security guards in the present study is to measure the validity and reliability verification is clearly tired of the private security guards than the tools that are used in other studies in the existing area.
Analysis of the Impact Factors to Organizational Performance of the Volunteers Centers
Jang, Seok-Jun ; Kim, Jun-Hyeon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 186~195
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.186
The purpose of this research is to explain what affects the volunteer center's performance on the basis on the program logic model. We assume that internal factors and external factors influence the organizational performance. For the empirical analysis, we use SUR(seemingly unrelated regression). The major findings of this research are as follows: Frist, organizational budget as internal factors are important influential factors. Second, civil society's capacity variable and stakeholder's support variable affect positively volunteer center's performance. Third, the contract out variable's effect as an operation types is not proven statistically. In case of estimating the multi organizational performance, lastly, the SUR method is prefer to the OLS method in the aspect methodology. However, more systemic study is complemented the panel data for organizational performance.
Effect of Local Child Care Centers' Social Workers Perceptions Professionalism on Organizational Commitment
Im, Dong-Ho ; Kim, Dae-Seok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 196~204
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.196
The objective of this study was to empirically analyze the effect that the perceptions professionalism perceived by social workers at local child care centers wold have on organizational commitment. For this study, the social workers at local child care centers in Jeollanam-do were surveyed. 286 sets of questionnaires were used for analysis among the collected ones, excluding the missing values. The results of analysis showed that the professionalism score was above the medium level while the service conviction score was found to be the highest. A positive(+) correlation was observed between perceptions professionalism and organizational commitment. Particularly, the correlation was the highest between occupational consciousness of mission and organizational commitment. Meanwhile, the results of multiple regression analysis suggested that the organizational commitment was affected by occupational consciousness of mission and utilization of professional organization, the sub-variables of perceptions professionalism. Moreover, it was found that the occupational consciousness of mission had the greatest influence on organizational commitment. Based on aforesaid results of analysis, this study presented the direction for the improvement of perceptions professionalism and organizational commitment among social workers of local child care centers, along with the challenges for the succeeding studies.
Effect of Bullying-Related Experience upon Bullying Conformity Types: The Mediating Effect of Ego-Resilience
Lee, Hyun-Ju ; Kwon, Soo-Jung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 205~214
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.205
The purpose of this study is to investigate the mediating effect which may operate within bulling-related experience and bulling conformity types in upper-grade elementary school children. The parameter name is ego-resilience. The participants in this research consisted of 445 upper-grade elementary school children. The main result are the following. First, bulling-related experiences had a direct influence upon bulling conformity types (attacker conformity to the victims. conformity, bystander) without using the parametric ego-resilience. Expecially, the bulling-related experience had a positive relationship with attacker conformity. Second, based on the analysis of the relationship between bulling-related experience and bulling conformity types, using the parametric ego-resilience, it was found out that the bulling-related experience have an effect on bulling conformity types both directly and indirectly. Concretely, the parametric ego-resilience has increased from victim conformity and bystander, but decreased from attacker conformity.
Elderly's Suicide Differentials and Their Factors: Focusing on 16 Metropolises and Provinces in Korea
Kim, Hyoung-Soo ; Kim, Sin-Hayng ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 215~224
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.215
It is hardly surprising for the current elder generation to choose extreme measure, that is to commit suicide, because of various social or health problems caused by financial difficulties and diseases, for neither individuals nor the nation had not prepared for their later lives. Therefore, the number of elder suicide is rapidly increasing, so that it is becoming a big social issue. Research in various fields related to elderly suicide has been done due to recent huge interest, but most of them focused on microscopic factors and it is likely that most are in national level or individual level, so research about elderly suicide by regional areas is insufficient. Due to the nature of Korean administration system which is operated by each local government, study on elderly suicide by regional areas is acutely required. The purpose of this study is to draw policy suggestions of preventing suicide by analyzing current state of suicide rates in terms of sex(male elder vs female elder) and age(young old vs old old) in each 16 regions for 9years(from 2003 to 2011) and then analyzing interrelationships between the suicide rates and socio-economic factors.
Influencing of Quality of Life for Elderly Employment Program Participants - Social Support(Social Activities, Family/Social Relationship), Emotional Problems
Chang, Cin-Jae ; Cho, Ja-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 225~235
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.225
The Purpose of the study was to examine the structural relationship among social support(social activity, family/social relationship), emotional problem and quality of life of Elderly Employment Program participants. An analysis was conducted on 2,005 participants from the data of the '2012 Elderly Employment Program Participants Survey'. The major findings were as follows: First, family/social relationship had positive effects and emotional problem had negative effects to quality of life. Second, social activity had negative effects to emotional problem. Finally, social activity had mediator effects to quality of life through emotional problem. Based on the results, the implications for social work practice and policy were suggested.
The Effects of Capital and Ecological Variables on Volunteering Among Older Adults
Kim, Myeong-Suk ; Ko, Jong-Wook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 236~248
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.236
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of human, social and cultural capital and ecological variables on volunteering among older adults. In this study, three variables of education, income and physical health were examined as human capital factors, two variables of formal and informal interaction as social capital factors, three variables of religion, cultural organization participation and quality of life as cultural capital factors, and three variables of existence of spouse, housing tenure and residence area as ecological factors. In addition, two variables of volunteering participation and continuous volunteering participation intention were considered as dependent variables. For this study, "Senior Job Replacement Project Participants" data collected by the Korea Labor Force Development Institute for the Aged were used and analyzed employing logistic regression analysis technique. This study found that three human capital variables(education, income, physical health) had positive effects on volunteering participation and continuous participation intention among older adults; of the two social capital variables, informal interaction had a positive effect on both volunteering participation and continuous participation intention, whereas formal interaction had a positive effect only on continuous participation intention; three cultural capital variables(religion, cultural organization participation, quality of life) had positive effects on both volunteering participation and continuous participation intention; and of three ecological variables, housing tenure and residence area had positive effects on volunteering participation and continuous participation intention, whereas existence of spouse had no significant effects on dependent variables.
Safety Consciousness according to School Bus Driver's Type at Child Care Centers
Jeon, Byeong-Joo ; Yun, Kyeong-Mi ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 249~259
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.249
This study has analyzed the factors that influence the safety consciousness of school bus drivers at Child Care Centers. To achieve this, 276 directors and drivers of owner-operator who drives the school bus at Child Care Centers in Chungnam, Chungbuk and Daejeon area were selected as study subjects. For the data analysis, PASW Statistics 18.0 was used. The main results of this study are as follows. The level of safety consciousness of directors and drivers of owner-operator were 6.46 and 6.82 respectively showing that drivers of owner-operator were significantly higher. Second, the factors that influence the safety consciousness were shown to be significantly different for each group. The factors that influence the safety consciousness of directors were shown in the order of whether or not the accident was experienced, safety-seeking motivation, sensation-seeking disposition, safety consciousness of caregivers, perception-motor skill. The factors that influence the safety consciousness of drivers of owner-operator were shown in the order of safety-seeking motivation, health status, daily driving hours, economic status, safety consciousness of caregivers. Based on these results, several ways were suggested to improve the safety consciousness of school bus drivers at Child Care Centers and prevent the traffic accidents.
A Comparative Study on the Turnover Intention and Moderator Effect of Organizational Health
Jeon, Byeong-Joo ; Yun, Kyeong-Mi ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 260~271
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.260
This study is on the investigation on the influence of job stress to the turnover intention conducted with 332 teachers working at child care centers and kindergartens in Chungnam, Chungbuk and Daejeon areas. And, during the course of investigation, moderator effect of the organizational health is tested. The main results of this study are as follows; First, according to the investigation on the major causes on the turnover intention, the child care center teachers show their turnover intention in the order as the center head's leadership on the organizational health, the job stress, the health condition and education status, and the kindergarten teachers show their turnover intentions in the order as the job stress, the structure of the organizational health, the teacher's capability and the health condition. Second, according to the investigation on the interaction effect between the job stress and the subfactor of the organizational health, the domain of leadership of the center head for the child care center teachers and the domains of organization structure and teacher's capability for the kindergarten teachers are shown to be statistically significant so that moderator effect is found in the relationship between the job stress and the turnover intention. Based on the results of these studies, several alternatives were suggested in order to reduce the turnover intention.
Counseling on Astrology on the Self-awareness Change of Youth at Risk
Lee, Young-Suk ; Park, Sun-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 272~284
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.272
This study is to reveal the significant value of astrology as a counseling tool beyond its unscientific means in prophecy and counseling effects on changes in adolescents' self-awareness with astrology. In astrology, personal self-awareness is related to the nature of the sun and the public self-awareness is associated with ascendants, or the persona. In addition, the location of the moon that governs emotion and basic and peripheral aspects of polarity, quality, and elements are analyzed to be applied to the scene of consultation in relation of social unrest. For this study, 24 subjects were selected randomly at the Youth Support Center in Gyeongsangnam-do city C who referred to be showing social maladjustment, problematic behaviors and so under probation. The subjects were divided into the experimental group (12) and control group (12). To measure the affects of astrology-utilized consultation and to assess changes of self-awareness and its sub-factors, analysis of variance was conducted repeatedly and statistically validated with the difference between the group (experimental, control) and test(pre, post). As the results, it was proven that the consultation using astrology is affective on increasing adolescents' self-awareness and it can be understood that astrology has a meaningful value as a consultation tool in the aspects of social science.
Gender Differences in Effects of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity on Depression in Early Adolescence
Choi, Jung-Ah ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 285~297
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.285
The purpose of this study is to examine the associations among attention deficit/hyperactivity, social withdrawal, peer relationships, and depression in early adolescence. Gender differences in the associations were also examined. This study investigated these relationships and the gender differences using structural equation modeling multi-group analysis. The third wave data from Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) of fourth graders were analyzed. The results indicated that attention deficit/hyperactivity had significant effects on depression directly and indirectly through social withdrawal and peer relationships. These results suggest that new programs should be developed to prevent or alleviate depression associated with attention deficit/hyperactivity among adolescents. Specifically, social withdrawal and peer relationships need to be emphasized in planning prevention or intervention programs to promote mental health of adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity.
Study on Trauma of Male, Female Alcoholics
Woo, Jea-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 298~307
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.298
This study has the purpose to examine trauma of male, female alcoholics and understand the factors influencing the trauma and relative influence of trauma to provide implementing social welfare practice. The survey was conducted with 220 alcoholics. Through this survey, it was revealed that the effect of trauma of male, female alcoholics found to be significant. First, Trauma of sexual abuse, suicide, death, disease, family separation of male on childhood are more than female. While, Trauma of physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse on childhood and physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, fraud, physical neglect, miscarriage of female on adulthood are more than male. Second, The education, age of first drinking effect on the trauma of male alcoholics. The education, religion, family history, relapse and insight effect on the trauma of female alcoholics. Based on these results, the practical implications for the trauma of male, female alcoholics had been discussed.
Factors Affecting Suicidal Ideation in Psychiatric Inpatients
Jo, Myoung-Ju ; Jun, Won-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 308~317
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.308
The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting suicidal ideation in psychiatric inpatients. A total of 186 psychiatric inpatients participated in the study. Data were analyzed by frequencies, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regression with SPSS WIN 18.0. Suicidal ideation showed significant differences according to marital status, diagnosis, and previous suicide attempt history. There were significant correlations among depression, self-esteem, spirituality and suicidal ideation. Depression and spirituality were identified as predictors affecting suicidal ideation. The regression model explained 52.4% of suicidal ideation. As a result, intervention program for decreasing depression and improving spirituality is essential to decrease suicidal ideation in psychiatric inpatients.
Factors Affecting Working Participation of University Students
Kim, Kyoung-Beom ; Lee, Juhyun ; Choi, Hyojin ; Choi, Minjae ; Kwon, Young Dae ; Noh, Jin-Won ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 318~327
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.318
Today, Competition in employment among the youth is more intensified and this phenomena lead to youth unemployment problems. This study was conducted to found the influence of youth employment effort on labor participation. We studied what variables could affect motivation of employment preparation especially among undergraduate and graduated students. We used 3rd~5th(2009~2011) 'Youth Panel Data' designed by Korean Employment Information Service. Data we adjusted were male(3,481) female(3,770). We applied the Generalized Estimating Equations to Panel logit model. We found that job education and training, career guidance, job shadowing program, getting new certification, sex, age and change of gross income affected employment preparation with controling education factors, socio-economic factors. This study found the effort of employment preparation was significant impact on labor participation and showed an influence on each variable empirically. We suggest that the youth-unemployment problem there is a need to approach fundamental aspects.
Relationship between the State of Decision Making Recognition Technology for Daily Living and Activities of Daily Living(ADL) of Inpatients in Geriatric Hospital on the Patient Core Card
Lim, Jung-Do ; Lee, Sung-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 328~336
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.328
This work has performed to find what activities of daily living are required for the intensive interests when inpatient elderly more than 3 months has been supported and convalescent care, where the inpatient elderly were judged by the inpatient assessment report in the time of December, 2013. According to the estimation with logistic function of the relationship between the state of decision making recognition technology and the Activities of Daily Living(ADL), the intensive cares for the elderly are required in the parameters of 'Having meal' and 'transferring sitting' when they are severed and convalescently cared as the degree of functional independence for ADL are severly proceeded. In addition, the senescence and disease the activities except 'Having meal' and 'transferring sitting' seem to be influenced by the decline of body function more than the state of decision making recognition technology for daily living.
The Influence of Self Esteem, Interpersonal Relations and Intercultural Communicative Competence on Cultural Competence of Nursing Students
Park, Dong-Young ; Jung, Kyung-Hwa ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 337~346
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.337
The purpose of this study was to examine self esteem, interpersonal relations, and intercultural communicative competence on the cultural competence in nursing students. The design of this research was descriptive cross-sectional study. Regression analysis was the statistical method used for data analysis. There were significant positive correlations for self esteem, interpersonal relations, intercultural communicative competence and cultural competence in nursing students. Regression analysis showed that 18.2% of the variance for Cultural Competence was significantly accounted for Self Esteem, Interpersonal Relations and Intercultural Communicative Competence. The study's finding suggest the need for a cultural competency education programs designed to the appropriate grade level of nursing students. The finding's also suggest that education programs are necessary so that a nursing students can enhance there self-esteem, interpersonal relationships, and intercultural communicative competence.
Thyroid Gland Evaluation of Adults in Their 20s by means of a Screening Ultrasound Test and a Self-Test
Ji, TaeJeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 347~354
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.347
Korea Central Cancer Registry reported in 2011 that the prevalence rate of thyroid cancer was about 19.6% (the highest) in both men and women. The ratio of thyroid cancer, among cancers that women suffer from, was about 31.1%, the highest among female cancers and about five times more than men. Regarding the incidence of thyroid cancer by age group, the crude rate was highest in women and men aged 15~34. From these figures it can be inferred that there is a greater relationship between thyroid cancer and hormones compared with other cancers. Therefore, young women aged 20~25, even if they are in full health, should undergo a medical examination. This study is aimed at examining changes in thyroid gland detected through self evaluation tests and the analysis of ultrasound screening images in persons aged 20~25. According to the study, 213 persons (about 46.6%) out of 457 people who took part in the study had abnormal echo patterns. With regard to women's abnormal patterns, about 73.4% of them were found to have calcified cystic, 11.8% diffuse-type low-echo and 7.3% cystic echo. With regard to male participants, about 61.1% were found to have calcified cystic, followed by 19.4% with the size of the isthmus increased and 13.9% with diffuse-type low-echo. According to the outcomes of an analysis regarding self-testing for hyperthyroidism, the average points of participants who were found to have abnormal echo patterns in ultrasound tests were 6.85 and the figure was 5.88 in persons with normal patterns. The figure was about 15% higher in abnormal respondents.
Evaluation of Relative Emission of Image Plate by Using Relative Sensitivity in Computed Radiography System
Seoung, Youl-Hun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 355~361
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.355
The aim of the present study was to evaluate a relative emission of image plate (IP) in computed radiography (CR) system by using relative sensitivity in film/screen methods. The characteristic curve was obtained by using the uniform aluminum 11-step wedge penetrometer. X-ray exposure factors on radiographic digital image were 50 kVp, 10 mAs. We adjusted zero of all parameter of algorithms (MUSICA) so proximate to raw data and applied to 200 of exposure class. Modeling on relative emission of IP are used IP without fading time and IP after 4 hours, 8 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours in the respective storage after X-ray exposure. The results of this study showed that the sensitivity point density at the measuring of relative sensitivity in CR was suited pixel values of the 2000 easy to relatively measure the characteristic curve and when relative sensitivity is decreased, the amount of light emitted from the image signal for generating was also decreased. In conclusion, the proposed method of measurement of relative sensitivity can be utilized to evaluate the quantity of relative emission of IP in CR system.
Image Analysis Using Digital Radiographic Lumbar Spine of Patients with Osteoporosis
Park, Hyong-Hu ; Lee, Jin-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 362~369
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.362
This study aimed to propose an accurate diagnostic method for osteoporosis by realizing a computer-aided diagnosis system with the application of the statistical analysis of texture features using digital images of lateral lumbar spine of patients with osteoporosis and providing reliable supplementary diagnostic information by model experimental research for early diagnosis of diseases. For these purposes, digital images of lateral lumbar spine of normal individuals and patients with osteoporosis were used in the experiments, and the values of statistical texture features on the set ROI were expressed in six parameters. Among the texture feature values of the six parameters of osteoporosis, the highest and lowest recognition rates of 95 and 80% were shown in average gray level and uniformity, respectively. Moreover, all the six parameters showed recognition rates of over 80% for osteoporosis: 82.5% in average contrast, 90% in smoothness, 87.5% in skewness, and 87.5% in entropy. Therefore, if a program developing into a computer-aided diagnosis system for medical images is coded based on the results of this study, it is considered possible to be applied to preliminary diagnostic data for automatic detection of lesions and disease diagnosis using medical images, to provide information for definite diagnosis of diseases, to diagnose by limited device, and to be used to shorten the time to analyze medical images.
Customized Model Manufacturing for Patients with Pelvic Fracture using FDM 3D Printer
Oh, Wang-Kyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 370~377
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.370
At present trend 3D Printing technology has been using more efficiently than conventional subtractive manufacturing method in various medical fields, in particular this technology superior in saving production time, cost and process than conventional. Especially in orthopedics, an attractive attention has been paid by adopting this technology because of improving operation, operation accuracy, and reducing the patient's pain. Though 3D printing technology has enormous applications still in some hospitals have not been using due to having the problem of technical utilization of hardware, software & chiefly financial availability and etc. In order to solve these problems by reducing the cost and time, we have used CT images in pre-operative planning by directly making the pelvic fracture model with open source DICOM viewer and STL file conversion program, assembly 3D printer of FDM wire additive manufacturing. After having the customized bone model of six patients who underwent unstable pelvic fracture surgery, we have operated our system in orthopedic section of University Hospital through the clinician. Later, we have received better reviews and comments on utilization availability, results, and precision and now our system considered to be useful in surgical planning.
The Effect of Hand Holding and Nei-Guan Acupressure on Anxiety and Pain under Local Anesthetic Patients during Surgery
Park, Sun Hee ; Jang, Hee Jung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 378~388
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.378
This research is to figure out the influence of hand holding and Nea-Guan acupressure to anxiety and pain that local anesthesia patients feel in out patient operation room. Non equivalent control group pretest-posttest time series design was adopted and the data had been collected from Jul. to Oct. 2013. Total 78 local anesthesia patients of out patient operation room in the H Hospital were allotted by control group, experimental group 1( hand holding) and experimental group 2(Nea-Guan acupressure) which consisted of 26 patients each. Hand holding and Nea-Guan acupressure in this research was validated to relieve the anxiety and the pain of the local anesthesia patients in operation and can be adopted as an efficacious nursing interventions.
Moderating Effects of Handset Subsidy on the Mobile Communication Service Switching Intention
Kim, Soo-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 389~397
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.389
Studies on switching intention have been one of the most interesting topics. In this paper we investigate empirically the factors influencing the mobile communication service switching intention. Our research model includes the relationship between 'switching intention' and 'habit', 'alternative attractiveness', 'present service satisfaction'. In addition, we try to find the effects that 'habit' and 'alternative attractiveness' give to 'switching intention' through 'present service satisfaction'. Finally, the moderating effects of 'handset subsidy' are examined. We analyze the model by Multiple Group Structural Equation Model. This proves that 'habit', 'present service satisfaction', and 'alternative attractiveness' give direct effects to 'switching intention'. And 'habit' and 'alternative attractiveness' give the indirect effects to 'switching intention' through 'present service satisfaction'. In addition, 'handset subsidy' has the moderating effects between 'switching intention' and 'habit'.
Brand Attributes Related to the Perceived Brand Authenticity
Kim, Sang-Hoon ; Park, Hyun Jung ; Lee, Eun Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 398~410
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.398
The purpose of this study is threefold. Firstly, what are some attributes of brands that affect perceived authenticity of brands? Secondly, how do the product characteristics such as public goods and private goods change the impacts of attributes on the perceived authenticity of brands? Thirdly, does the perceived authenticity influence consumers' brand attitude and mediate the relationship between brand attributes and the brand attitude? With regard to the role of authenticity in performance of marketing, the authors examined the relationship between the perceived authenticity and brand attitude. The study expands understanding of the relationship between brand attributes and authenticity while at the same time answering the call for further studies on the role of the perceived authenticity in improving brand attitude. The finding also demonstrates that the influence of attributes could be different depending on product categories.
Escape Theory Approach to Consumers' Belief Biases
Han, Woong-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 411~421
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.411
This study investigated the effect of cognitive narrowing on the consumers' belief biases in the light of the escape theory. Current study researched the relationship between the cognitive narrowing and the consumers' belief biases. The result of this study is as below. The degree of the consumers' belief biases is higher when the degree of the cognitive narrowing is higher than lower. On the basis of this result, theoretical and practical implications were suggested and the limitations and future research were discussed.
Linking Cultural Intelligence to Satisfaction with Staying in the Host Country and Performance: the Moderating Effect of International Experience
Li, Xin Tian ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 422~429
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.422
This study aims to analyze the cultural intelligence and it's relationship with cross-culture adjustment satisfaction, and performance, and then, we prove the moderating role of international experience between cultural intelligence and cross-culture adjustment with staying in the host country. An exploratory pilot study was conducted with a sample of 188 Chinese expatriates working in Korean company in Korea. Then, we proved the moderating role of international experience between cultural intelligence and cross-cultural adjustment. The results of this study have three implications for human resource development. First this study expanded the research of CQ up to the area of empirical investigation. Second, the empirical findings also supported an incremental and predictive validity that CQ increased explained variance of cross-cultural adjustment. Third, the moderating role of international experience in this study showed the importance of both CQ and international experience with staying in the host country.
A Study on the Customer's Menu Choice Factor For Italian Restaurant in Hotels -Based on the greater Seoul Metropolitan Area-
Kim, Jun-Hee ; Noh, Hee-Yong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 430~437
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.430
In the case of the hotel restaurant, the purpose of using the hotel affects largely to the type or the menu and nowadays it becomes essential to find out the characteristics of the hotels and make the strategy within them. Therefore, the purpose of this study is analyzing that even if the customers have the similar characteristics and preferences, they choose different menu because of the purpose of the visit, and the image of the hotel. And also this study gives basic data for the strategic menu management, the target of this research was the super deluxe Italian restaurant. Using the sales data of this restaurant, we analyzed the menu what people like most, and moreover, we analyzed the menu-choice behavior about each hotel. This study has a important role as a basic data that gives more profit to the restaurant, but also satisfaction to the customers.
Residential Choice and Mobility of Korean Babyboomer after Retirement
Lim, Ki-Heung ; Baek, Sungjoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 438~449
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.438
This paper is aimed to study on residential choice after retirement. For this reason, this study is analyzed in three aspects ; the factors of residential choice, preferred house types and scales, the characterization of residential mobility. This study reached several conclusions. Firstly, Korea baby boomers are likely to select their residence with different factors after retirement, and they are likely to choose their residence in the view of comfort and convenience. Secondly, apartment resident ratio is shown to be reduced after retirement, and the preference for the country houses and town houses is shown to be increased. Thirdly, the baby boomers don't reduce their residential scale in batches, while they are to show a different appearance depending on the retention scale of housing. Fourthly, The 62.4% of Korean baby boomers is to plan move their residences after retirement, 52.3% of movers, more than half of them, is to go to the different residential area. Fifth, it is analyzed that different variables are to influence on the local and regional of residential mobility of the baby boomers in Korea.
A Comparative Analysis of Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and Physical Self-Concept between Gifted Students in Math and Science and Non-Gifted Students
Song, Kang-Young ; Ahn, Jeong-Deok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 450~466
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.450
This study compared and analyzed body composition, physical fitness, and physical self-concept between gifted students in mathematics and science attending Korea Science Academy (KSA) and non-gifted students attending traditional high schools. The KSA students were 117 males who entered the school in 2009. As a control group, a total of 117 non-gifted students were randomly selected from 5 cities. The results of covariate analysis taken 2 year interval, pretest (2009) and posttest (2010), indicated that gifted students were significantly taller (p<.05) than non-gifted students, and were lower in BMI (p<.05) and PBF (p<.001). There was no significant difference in physical fitness between gifted and non-gifted students. But non-gifted students have a significantly higher self-concept in physical appearance (p<.05) and physical strength (p<.05). The internal/external frame of reference model and the Big Fish Little Pond Effect (BFLPE) theory were supported. Especially, gifted students were significantly higher (p<.01) in endurance self-concept than non-gifted students. We have discussion this result as the future research subject whether it come from the characteristics of the gifted's tenacity at high level tasks.
Development of Multidimensional Analysis System for Bio-pathways
Seo, Dongmin ; Choi, Yunsoo ; Jeon, Sun-Hee ; Lee, Min-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 467~475
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.467
With the development of genomics, wearable device and IT/NT, a vast amount of bio-medical data are generated recently. Also, healthcare industries based on big-data are booming and big-data technology based on bio-medical data is rising rapidly as a core technology for improving the national health and aged society. A pathway is the biological deep knowledge that represents the relations of dynamics and interaction among proteins, genes and cells by a network. A pathway is wildly being used as an important part of a bio-medical big-data analysis. However, a pathway analysis requires a lot of time and effort because a pathway is very diverse and high volume. Also, multidimensional analysis systems for various pathways are nonexistent even now. In this paper, we proposed a pathway analysis system that collects user interest pathways from KEGG pathway database that supports the most widely used pathways, constructs a network based on a hierarchy structure of pathways and analyzes the relations of dynamics and interaction among pathways by clustering and selecting core pathways from the network. Finally, to verify the superiority of our pathway analysis system, we evaluate the performance of our system in various experiments.
A Meta-Analysis on the Solution Focused Group Program Effects for Elementary School Children
Park, Jung-Im ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 476~485
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.476
This study was to examine the effectiveness of the Solution Focused Group Counseling Program for elementary school students by meta-analysis. For the purpose of the study, master's theses, doctoral dissertations, and journal articles published in Korea up to May, 2014 were systematically reviewed. As a result, a total of 20 studies were eligible for the inclusion criteria. The mean effect sizes and test for homogeneity of effect size (Q-statistic) were analyzed by using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software 2.0. The main findings of the study were as follows: First, the average effect sizes for Solution Focused Group Counseling Program were ES=1.61 in self-esteem, ES=1.35 in school adjustment capacity, ES=1.07 in interpersonal relationship and ES=1.03 in self-efficacy, Second, the statistically significant moderate variables of the effect size for the Solution Focused Group Counseling Program were 'sessions' of self-esteem and 'sessions', 'running times' in school adjustment capacity. Based on the study results, the research and practice implications were discussed.
Effects of Cyber Universities' Career Maturity on Academic Stress : Mediator Effects of Self-directed Learning Readiness
Kim, Hyun-Ah ; Lee, Jayoung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 486~496
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.486
The purpose of this study was to examine the role of self-directed learning readiness between career maturity and academic stress. To examine it, a total of 582 cyber universities were participated in this study, and correlation analysis and regression analysis were conducted. Therefore, career maturity was significantly positive correlated with self-directed learning readiness and it was significantly negative correlated with academic stress. In addition, it was revealed that self-directed learning readiness mediated between career maturity and academic stress. Based on the results, we discussed the strategies for reducing academic stress for cyber students, limitations and suggestions for future researches were also discussed.
The Effect of Career Identity and Krumboltz's Task Approach Skills on Career Maturity, Career Barriers, and Career Aspiration
Kim, Kyoung-Mi ; Bae, Young-Kwang ; Min, Yi-Seul ; Jang, Sung-Hwa ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 497~508
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.497
The current study examined the relationships between task-approach skills of optimism, bearability, intolerance of uncertainty, career identity, career maturity, career barriers, and career aspiration. Data was collected from two-hundred sixty nine college students who matriculated in colleges located in Seoul, Gyeoungi and Chungchung provinces in Korea. The correlation analysis and multiple linear regression were carried out to explore the relationship among the variables mentioned above. The results of this study were as follows: First, career identity was positively correlated with career maturity, aspiration and negatively with career barrier. optimism was negatively correlated with career barrier. in addition, intolerance of uncertanity was positively correlated with career maturity. and negatively with career barriers. Second, multiple linear regression revealed that career identity, optimism and lacking intolerance of uncertanity significantly influenced career maturity, career identity, optimism and intolerance of uncertanity significantly influnced career barriers. In addition, only optimism influnced career aspiration. These findings implied that career counselors need to assist clients developing optimism, flexibility, bearability and counselors should be aware of the effect of task-approach skills on career, barriers, and aspiration. Further discussions regarding results are included.
Sports English Education as English for Specific Purposes(ESP)
Kim, Ji-Eun ; Yoo, Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 509~517
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.509
The present study aims to investigate perceptions of university students who are majoring in sports related fields about the introduction of Sports English education. For this purpose, a total of 133 students were surveyed according to a questionnaire asking about their English skills, opinions and attitudes with regard to English study and Sports English class. The main results obtained from this study are as follows: most students' interest in English is relatively low. Hence, students need to be encouraged to have an interest in English taught with special teaching methods; most students do not have confidence in their English; majority of students answered that English study is needed for students of sports. The biggest motivation for the sport students to learn English was 'better communication skills', followed by 'sports exchange opportunities', 'sports diplomacy and international sports events'; majority of students answered that Sports English class which focuses on sports is necessary in terms of their career after graduation. The finding from this study serves as a foundation in developing an ESP program for sports majors.
An Experimental Research on the Usability of Indirect Control using Finger Gesture Interaction in Three Dimensional Space
Ham, Kyung Sun ; Lee, Dahye ; Hong, Hee Jung ; Park, Sungjae ; Kim, Jinwoo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 519~532
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.519
The emerging technologies for the natural computer interaction can give manufacturers new opportunities of product innovation. This paper is the study on a method of human communication about a finger gestures interaction. As technological advance has been so rapid over the last few decades, the utilizing products or services will be soon popular. The purpose of this experiment are as follows; What is the usefulness of gesture interaction? What is the cognitive impact on gesture interaction users. The finger gestures interaction consist of poking, picking and grasping. By measuring each usability in 2D and 3D space, this study shows the effect of finger gestures interaction. The 2D and 3D experimental tool is developed by using LeapMotion technology. As a results, the experiments involved 48 subjects shows that there is no difference in usability between the gestures in 2D space but in 3D space, the meaningful difference has been found. In addition, all gestures express good usability in 2D space rather than 3D space. Especially, there are the attractive interest that using uni-finger is better than multi-fingers.
Enhanced Password Based User Authentication Mechanism Using Mobile Storage Medium/Channel
Kim, Seon-Young ; Kim, Seon-Joo ; Joe, In-June ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 533~540
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.533
As for the application system or the user authentication scheme that is used in the system, various technologies including simple ID/PW, certificate, fingerprint/iris, phone, security card, and OTP are being used. But simple ID/PW and phone certification lack security features. As for the certificate, fingerprint/iris, and security card/OTP, the weakness in security has been quite strengthened, but there are costs and complexity involved to use these. This paper proposes a new measure of much safer and low-cost user authentication that improves the security level and uses mobile external storage media such as USB that people commonly have.
Modified Binary Particle Swarm Optimization using Genotype-Phenotype Concept (Version 2)
Lim, Seungkyun ; Lee, Sangwook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 541~548
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.541
In this paper, we introduce a second version of modified binary particle swarm optimization using a concept of genotype-phenotype in genetic algorithms. Particle swarm optimization uses an information of difference between a position of the best solution and one's own position in the process of searching optimum. To obtain this difference of positions, the first version of modified binary particle swarm optimization uses a phenotype but the proposed second version uses a genotype. We can represent the solution space in large search space by using a genotype which provides continuous whole space as search space compared to a phenotype which provides only binary information. Experimental results in 10 De Jong benchmark function show that the second version outperforms the first version in six functions which has a broad search space and many local optima.
Observation of Bargaining Game using Co-evolution between Particle Swarm Optimization and Differential Evolution
Lee, Sangwook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 549~557
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.549
Recently, analysis of bargaining game using evolutionary computation is essential issues in field of game theory. In this paper, we observe a bargaining game using co-evolution between two heterogenous artificial agents. In oder to model two artificial agents, we use a particle swarm optimization and a differential evolution. We investigate algorithm parameters for the best performance and observe that which strategy is better in the bargaining game under the co-evolution between two heterogenous artificial agents. Experimental simulation results show that particle swarm optimization outperforms differential evolution in the bargaining game.
Field Map Estimation for Effective Fat Quantification at High Field MRI
Eun, Sung-Jong ; Whangbo, Taeg-Keun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 558~574
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.558
The number of fatty liver patients is sharply growing due to the rapid increase in the incidence of metabolic syndrome, which can lead to diseases such as abdominal obesity, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia. Early diagnosis requires examinations using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), wherein quantitative analyses are implemented through a professional water-fat separation method in many cases, as the intensity values of the areas of interest and non-interest are considerably similar or the same. However, such separation method generates inaccurate results in high magnetic fields, where the inhomogeneity of the fields increases. To overcome the limits of such conventional fat quantification methods, this paper proposes a field map estimation method that is effective in high magnetic fields. This method generates field maps through echo images that are obtained using the existing IDEAL sequences, and considers the wrapping degree of the field maps. Then clustering is performed to separate calibration areas, the least square fits based on the region growing method schema of the separated calibration areas, and the histograms are adjusted to separate the water from the fats. In experiment results, our proposed method had a superior fat detection rate of an average of 86.4%, compared to the ideal method with an average of 61.5% and Yu's method with an average of 62.6%. In addition, it was confirmed that the proposed method had a more accurate water detection rate of 98.4% on the average than the 88.6% average of the fat saturation method.
The Tendency of Denotative Representation and Communication in Disney Animation
Oh, Dong-Il ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 575~583
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.575
Roland Barthes views a myth as a chain of connotative concepts that are mutually connected. For him, a myth appears through a chain connotation that is mutually related, due to the first-stage signification system. In other words, the connotation of a particular scene is already inherent in a culture in the form of social convention or social values before it is made. In the case of Disney animation, as mentioned Barthes, it has also two layers of denotation and connotation for signification. However, Disney animation shows the tendency that seek the denotative representation and the direct communication, based on the typified character, to the representation and delivery of the myth that is inherent. Therefore, the tendency of denotative signification is seen Disney animation can be said as a branch of research methodology for the approach to the aesthetics of Disney animation.
Film Editing as Emotion Communication
Kim, Jong-Guk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 584~591
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.584
This article discussed emotion and communication at the film editing theory. By editing as a form of communication, audiences response to the new facts of the story or the new shot as its details and then it uses their ability to induce. Lev Kuleshov, by the famous Mozhukin experiment, intended to show that montage draw spectator's inferences on emotion and association beyond content of the individual shots. The continuous editing technologies such as 180-degree rule, matching eye-view and behavior, 30-degree rule, and continuity of sound, light and color, enhance emotion. Point-of-view editing is the main device to maximize the film's emotion. Point-of-view editing serving the purpose of the film narration is a powerful means to practice and to persuade emotion communication.
A Corpus-driven Approach to Korean and English Newspaper Obituaries
Shin, Hyejung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 592~601
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.592
This study examines newspaper obituaries in Korean media and English media. Initially, 100 Korean obituaries were collected from the JoongAng Ilbo which span over more than three years, from May 2011 to August 2014. After that, another 50 Korean obituaries were gathered from the DongA Ilbo which were published over the same time period with the JoongAng Ilbo. As for English newspapers, obituaries from the New York Times and the Guardian were included in the corpus for comparison. First, the structure and composition of obituaries in each language (Korean and English) are compared. Korean obituaries show a pattern of a combination of a death notice and an obituary. Second, distinct features of each newspaper are discussed. The JoongAng Ilbo has its obituary section titled "Life and Memories", and the DongA Ilbo's obituaries are under the heading of "Rest in Peace." Obituaries in the New York Times appear in print on different pages of the paper according to the deceased's field of interest. Following discussion of formal structure and characteristics of each newspaper, Korean and English obituaries will be compared in terms of content and cultural context.
The Future Direction of Tongyeong International Music Festival as Seen through the Musical World of Isang Yun
Yi, Eui-Shin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 602~610
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.602
Tongyeong International Music Festival was established to commemorate the world-renowned composer Isang Yun. Despite its short history, the event is quickly grown into a global music festival. This paper considers the future direction of Tongyeong International Music Festival as seen through the musical world of Isang Yun. Although Isang Yun suffered through Korea's modern history and was deported from his own country, his works clearly use Korea, in particular the cultural heritage of Tongyeong, as his creative energy. His music is reflected in the festival in various forms, i.e., East and West, past and present, North and South and maestro and rookie, while pursuing a world of harmony. In order for Tongyeong International Music Festival to join the ranks of global festivals, an effort needs to be made to find the values from the tangible and intangible cultural resources of Tongyeong, the source of Isang Yun's musical creations, and connect these values to the music festival. I believe that, based on such cultural capacity, when Tongyeong International Music Festival becomes a unique festival that differentiates itself from music festivals in the west, it will advance into the successful music festival of a global music city.
Analysis on Modal Changes and Its Performance Effect in Kim, So-hui's ｢Chunhyangga｣
Kim, Sook-Ja ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 611~619
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.611
The purpose of this study was to examine the technique of modal changes and its performance effect in Manjeong Kim, So-hui's pansori "Chunghyangga" at the portion of jungmori. It is because Manjeong-style "Chunghyangga" effectively presents dramatic scenes, role changes and emotional variations through modal changes of pansori. In this study, such two songs as
in jungmori were examined and study findings are as follows: Modal changes always reflected dramatic scenes, role changes, situational alterations and emotional variations. In addition, all the transpositions of the two songs were related to geunchin-jo and euddeumeum-jo. In
, the technique of modal changes was intensively used in the latter half of the song, whereas in
, it was used from the middle portion of the song. All of these uses of modal changes resulted in an excellent performance effect, which was musically expressed in order to discriminate it from the portion of role changes or explanations.
Mapping of Synchronized Contents with Music to 3 Dimensional Spatial Cloned Human-Object
Bae, Moon-Kyoung ; Lyu, Jae-Ha ; Kim, Sangwook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 620~627
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.620
In the contemporary age, social environment has changed from analog to digital. As a media is developed, the public is more familiar to digital than analog. In this society, media art rises as new art. One of the most useful methods in the media art is projection mapping. In this paper, I propose a realization process of artwork 'Cloned Me' that is realized by projection mapping method. Artwork is formed by projecting image contents that are visualized a music on a steel structure. It is different from media facade that the object projected contents has a story composition. It is a strength that the object and contents are connected by story and composition. Also it can be modified each other easily for harmony because the structure is assembly-type. A face that is projected by beam projection is consist of unique structure not fixed rectangular frame. Artwork 'Cloned Me' has significance that it reflects the present age to develop digital cloning.
A Study on the Classification of Podcasting Users in the Smartphone Era - Podcasting of Terrestrial Radio Programs
Kim, Cheol-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 628~643
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.628
The idea to conduct this study stemmed from the following question: What is the appropriate interpretation of the recent change in the user behavior of radio listeners? For some terrestrial radio programs, traditional listeners who mainly listen to them real-time through terrestrial radio broadcasting has been outnumbered by those who access them on smartphones and other mobile devices in a nonlinear way outside the pre-scheduled time slots of the programs. In the research, how terrestrial radio listeners use the new service called podcasting to access and consume audio content were examined by using Q methodology. As a result, three different types of user behavior and perception were modeled. This shows a prominent change in radio content use, which is moving away from the conventional user behavior pattern of radio content, one of the key media for mass communication in the 20th century. Such a development opens up new opportunities to create the same or even a greater user base compared to the existing one for terrestrial radio programs with the users' newly gained mobile access and to replace current radio content by using podcasting as a new service.
Activation Strategies of the Disaster Public-Apps in Korea
Shin, Dong-Hee ; Kim, Yong-Moon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 644~656
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.644
In recent years, a series of large-scale disastrous accidents have been occurred frequently both in public and private sector. Such disasters become catastrophe due to poor early response and delayed prompt rescue. Damage from catastrophe could have been drastically reduced or minimized with effective response and recovery management. The smart phone-based mobile applications have important potentials in providing solutions for the effective response and recovery management. Mobile applications can greatly improve risk communication in case of disasters by integrating process of exchange information and data on risk among risk evaluators, risk managers, and other interested parties. In this light of potentials, this study investigates the measures and management to better manage early responses and to effectively deal with domestic disaster-related of the status of public applications service, and utilization. This study examines how disaster applications can be better used and how effective information dissemination through applications could help the post-disaster management process. Based on this findings, it proposes a guideline of effective disaster-related applications by public sector for the future development of actual services and activation solutions. The results show that "User Promptness Side" and "Content Believability Side" factors found to be the two most significant factors in the disaster-related applications by public sector. Discussion and implications are discussed.
Critical Discussion for Digital Divide Research
Seo, Hyung-Jun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 657~666
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.657
The development of ICT are turning information society into smart society which focus on mobile environment. The effect of ICT influence not only technical aspects but also societal and economic aspects. But we can't ignore the side effects of ICT, especially digital divide can cause social elimination. Digital divide is related to redistribution of wealth, so there are too many studies which deal with digital divide. But Most of these studies are focusing on physical accessibility. Also most of digital divide studies address digital divide based on demographic factors such as gender, age, income and education. Of course, these studies are important, but we expect that the aspect of digital divide is different from past digital divide. This paper deal with exploratory discussion for necessity of new digital divide conception by reviewing limitations of existing digital divide research.
Evaluation of Korean Content Industry Knowledge Information Service Policy : Service Usage and Satisfaction on Video Broadcasting Area
Chung, Yoon-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 667~677
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.667
One of the key factors in knowledge based economy is knowledge and information. Accordingly, public service policy for related knowledge and information is well equipped in Korea. However, policy has rarely been evaluated. This study analyzes usage and satisfaction of knowledge information service policy among broadcasting and video industry employees. Results shows low in usage as well as satisfaction among employees. Reliability of the service is relatively high, comparing to timeliness and usability. The fact that most respondents individually pay their efforts to collect and analyze information and knowledge means high need for them. This study recommends, instead of providing complete fixed data, to provide means to acquire knowledge, market oriented data to improve the effectiveness of the policy.
The Relationship Between the Harmony Progression and the Emotional Symptoms of Characters in the Movie, ｢The Hours｣
Hwang, Jin-Hee ; Lee, Seungyon-Seny ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 678~685
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.678
Film music expresses the inner mentality of characters and performs a suggestive role of narrative. This study suggests the process of musical change according to the psychological change of the characters in the movie "The Hours" by Stephen Daldry. These musical elements depending on the mental states prove that the minute differences of each depression symptom could be expressed using symbolic methods of musical elements.
A Study on the Effectiveness of Criminal Profiling
Jung, Se-Jong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 686~694
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.686
Criminal profiling, also known as offender profiling is designed to predict the characteristics of unknown criminal perpetrator through an analysis of the crime scene. Until now, there has been conflict about the effectiveness of criminal profiling among academics. In this study, 113 police investigators', working in serious crime divisions, were interviewed about their experiences with criminal profiling, and their belief about its effectiveness. 63.7% of the respondents agreed that criminal profiling is a valuable investigative tool and 62.8% agreed that profilers are valuable to criminal investigations. A total of 31.8% agreed that profilers help the police identify offenders and 15.0% agreed that there is no risk of profiler misdirecting and investigation. 61.5% of the respondents who had reported using a profile agreed that profiling is helpful and 71.4% told that they would use profiling again in the future.
Diagnostics of Police Officers' Unethical Behavior: According to Individual Characteristics & Work Environment
Kwon, Hye-Rim ; Joo, Jae-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 695~701
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.695
The Police force and other public sector organizations do not like non-ethical evaluation of their members and disclosure of evaluation results. However, it is essential for survival and growth of the organization to identify, measure and resolve accurately the non-ethical behaviors of their members. In this study, the dimensions of police officers' unethical behavior were categorized as negligence, personal use, dishonesty, and misconduct of police officers, and the level of those dimensions were measured. After that, the differences due to the individual and work environmental characteristics were explored. The result showed that the level of non-ethical behavior was lowerer than the average. And the differences was statistically significant according to gender, rank of organization, deployed department of the work, and the period of work duration. This implied the necessities of education of police ethics, ethical atmosphere, and establishment of ethical system per differences in individual and work environmental characteristics. Also, considering the fact that the low level of ethical behavior did not lead to ethical action in actual and the inherent problem in research method how frankly the respondents answered the negative self-evaluation, continuous interest in non-ethical behavior and further systemic research are needed in a dimension of personnel management.
Overview and Issues of Disaster Management Training and Exercise Program for Local Government Officials
Park, Jihwan ; Kim, Younhee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 702~712
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.702
This article aims to analyse the overview and issues of current disaster management training and exercise program for local government officials who is currently in charge of the disaster management tasks by surveying and interviewing. Main issues that raised in the survey and interview are that current disaster management training and exercise program is not practically related with the current work tasks. Furthermore, the organizational issues including lack of awareness in disaster management from upper and middle management are derived. In order to solve such issues, this article suggests to establish regulations to force local government officials completing certain hours of training and exercise programmes and integrated system that can manages local government officials' training records and to improve awareness of senior officials towards importance of training and exercise in disaster management.
Effects of Self Leadership on the Customer Oriented Public Service: A Case of Local Government Public Officials
Kim, Sung-Jong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 713~721
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.713
Main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the self-leadership of local public officials on the customer-oriented public service provision. Structural Equation Model was applied to analyze the relationship between self leadership and customer oriented public service attitude. Positive structural relationships between self-leadership and customer-oriented attitude was confirmed from empirical analysis. While variable job-satisfaction took intermediating role between self-leadership and customer-oriented attitude. The result implies that behavioral approach might be a more effective policy measure to improve citizen's satisfaction for public services. For a extended periods, Korean government introduced various institutional arrangements to improve the customer satisfaction for public service. However, the result was not satisfactory. The result of this study suggest behavioral approach to improve public service customer satisfaction.
The Relationship between Multi-cultural Family Husbands' Stress Related to their Wives and their Psychological Abuse
Park, Ji-Sun ; Ryu, Han Su ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 722~731
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.722
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between multi-cultural family husbands' stress related to their wife and their psychological abuse based on the Stress theory of Lazarus et al. Data from 271 subjects that answered to all questions regarding the subjects' social demographic characteristics, and the husbands' stress related to their wife and their psychological abuse of their wife in statistical analyses. To analyze the data, a study model was set using multi-cultural family husbands' stress related to their wife as an independent variable and their psychological abuse of their wife as a dependent variable and the goodness-of-fit of the model for the data and the relationship between the variables were reviewed using a structural equation model. According to the results, the goodness-of-fit index of the model satisfied the statistical acceptable standard with CFI=0.909 and RMSEA=0.057. The relationship between the variables indicated that multi-cultural family husbands' stress related to their wife had significant effects on their psychological abuse of their wife. This result indicates the necessity of intervention for management of the husbands' stress in order to prevent multi-cultural family husbands' psychological abuse of their wife.
Strengthening User Involvement in Welfare Policies for the Disabled: through Case Studies 'Personal Budgets' of Germany
Nam, Yong-Hyeon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 732~742
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.732
The provision of welfare services to the disabled in Korea are still insufficient to meet the demand and the delivery system of the service is organized largely from the viewpoint of the suppliers. In order to guarantee the user right to choice, the shift of the policy paradigm supporting autonomy, self-directedness and the right to control of the users appears to be important. The present study explores the theoretical discussion in the field of the welfare of the disabled about user involvement. Then it investigates the German case of 'personal budgets' aimed to strengthen the user involvement and draws some policy implications for Korea. The study confirms that the introduction of 'personal budgets' aimed to realization of the self-determination of the disabled has contributed for the reinforcement of user involvement in welfare policies for the disabled. This new policy program 'personal budgets' based on the idea of the realization of the right to self-determination appears to transform the general nature of the welfare system for the disabled in Germany by transforming the payment methods.
Relationship between Perceived Income Inequality and Suicidal Ideation in the Elderly -Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Economic Stress-
Choi, Jung-Min ; Kim, Shin-Yeol ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 743~758
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.743
The purpose of this study is to examine the mediating effect of economic stress in the relationship between Perceived Income Inequality and Suicidal Ideation among old adults. To achieve this objective, this study analyzed basic statistics, reliability, correlation, and regression (tolerance and variance inflation factor) with the help of SPSS ver. 18.0. using data of 532 elderlies over 65 years old who live in Jeollanam-do. The main study results were as follows. The result shows the significant medicating effect of economic stress in the relationship between Income Inequality and Suicidal Ideation. Based on these results, political and practical implications are proposed.
Structural Equation Modeling about Family Relationship, Self-Efficacy, Self-Esteem, and Delinquency of Adolescent in Single-Parent Families
Lee, Si-Yeon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 759~771
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.759
This study examines the overall structure among family relationship, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and delinquency of adolescent in single-parent families using structural equation modeling to provide theoretical basis preventable juvenile delinquency. The data of 516 middle and high school students in the research into the promotion policies on children and adolescents' mental health(2012) by the National Youth Policy Institute analysed. The result of this study are: (1) family relationship affects self-efficacy, self-esteem, and delinquency of adolescent, (2) family relationship affects delinquency of adolescent by the mediation of self-esteem, (3) self-efficacy doesn't affect delinquency of adolescent. This study suggests the necessity of both intervention as well as the development implementation of practical methods for the prevention of delinquency of adolescent.
Relationship between Publicness and Efficiency of Regional Public Hospitals
Jo, Nam-Kwon ; Suh, Won-Sik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 772~782
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.772
The aim of the study is to examine the factors affecting publicness and efficiency of the regional public hospitals and specify their relationship, thereby drawing out the policy implications for further improvement of regional hospital management. The analytical results showed the followings. First, there were statistically significant mean differences between the above-the-mean group and the below-the-mean group in terms of the internal and external environmental factors and intensity of competition. Second, When the hospitals were divided into two groups based on the mean value of efficiency, the ratio of material costs, of operational costs, and of doctors, and GRDP per capita of the above-the-mean group and the below-the-mean group showed the significant mean differences. Finally, among the variables of publicness, the ratio of medical aid patients and the number of deliveries had the negative relationships with efficiency whereas the medical costs of medical aid recipients had a positive relationship. The general argument that the government should enlarge its support for the regional hospitals' publicness needs to be specified in terms of the particular components of publicness based on this study. Also, to determine the extent of government support, the further research on the external environmental factors that cannot be controlled by the hospitals, for instance, intensity of competition, GRDP per capita, and fiscal self-reliance, should be encouraged.
Impact of Internal Marketing on Job Satisfaction, Job Commitment, Organizational Commitment, and Customer Orientation in Hospital Employees
Choi, Hyun-Jung ; Yang, Jong-Hyun ; Chang, Dong-Min ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 783~797
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.783
The purpose of this study is to analyze impact of internal marketing on job satisfaction, job commitment, organizational commitment, and customer orientation in rapidly changing health care environment. The data were collected from 635 employee of 3 hospitals using a standardized questionnaires in Busan and Gyeongnam province. The results were as follows. All internal marketing factors had a direct impact on job satisfaction, job commitment, management support, empowerment, reward systems but affected the indirect through the job satisfaction all factors of internal marketing. Based on the results of this study members of the hospital in order to improve customer orientation, job satisfaction, job commitment create a pleasant working environment, give an appropriate decision-making and compensation for work performance. Compensation for work performance and organizational development suggestions should be considered by executive support.
Image of Nurses and Nursing Professional Values Perceived by Nursing Students
Seong, Ji-A ; Yeom, Eun-Yi ; Do, Young-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 798~809
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.798
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationships between image of nurses and nursing professional values in nursing students. Data were collected through self reported structured questionnaire using convenient sampling methods survey from 147 students enrolled in the nursing department from March 11 to March 22, 2013. There was a significant difference in the image of nurses on the club activities, satisfaction with major, satisfaction with college life. There was a significant difference in the nursing professional values according to the satisfaction with major. Image of nurses has positively correlation with nursing professional values. 'Social participation' domain of image of nurses has a strong positive correlation with nursing professional values. 'Self concept of profession' domain of nursing professional values has a strong positive correlation with image of nurses. Therefore, it is thought that developing various teaching strategies, promoting club activities, paying attention to the student, and guiding them for raising degree of satisfaction with major and college life would be helpful to improve nurse' image and nursing professional values of nursing students.
Relationship between Sleep Quality and Depression in Nursing Students
Kang, Ji-Sook ; Hwang, Eun-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 810~819
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.810
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the sleep quality and depression, and relationship between sleep quality and depression of nursing students. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted. The subjects were 268 nursing students from a University. Data were collected on September, 2012 by using a structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 19.0 program. Results: The mean score of sleep quality was 6.65, among the students, 86.6% had sleep problem. The mean score of depression was 16.89, 25.4% of the students had mild depression, and 20.5% had severe depression. Sleep quality showed no significant differences, meanwhile depression showed significant differences according to the school year, satisfaction level with nursing major and university. There was a significant relationship between sleep quality and depression. Conclusions: These results suggest that some of the nursing students have sleep problem and depression. Therefore, it is needed to develop various nursing intervention strategies to improve physical, psychological health of the nursing students.
Factors Influencing Suicidal Ideation in Middle School Students
Lee, Kyuhyun ; Kwon, Yunhee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 820~828
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.820
This study was done to identify factors influencing suicidal ideation in middle school students. Data were collected by questionnaires from 673 middle school students in D metropolitan city. Measures were daily life stress, problem of life, social support, depression, and suicidal ideation. Data were analyzed using frequencies, means and standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 19.0 version. The mean score for suicidal ideation of the participants was 1.22, out of a possible 5. There were significant differences in suicidal ideation according to religion, record, family structure, experience of school violence, and economy status. Suicidal ideation correlated positively with daily life stress, problem of life and depression and negatively with social support. According to the research, factors influencing suicidal ideation in middle school students were problem of life, depression, social support, daily life stress, and experience of school violence. Based on the outcomes of this study, it is necessary to design an intervention program that emphasizes the reducement of problem of life, depression, daily life stress, school violence and enhancement social support in order to prevent suicidal ideation in middle school students.
Influence of Hemodialysis Patient's Stress and Acceptance on Their Psychosocial Adaptation and Quality of Life
Suh, Soon-Rim ; Cho, In-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 829~837
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.829
This study was conducted to investigate the factors that influence the psychosocial adaptation and quality of life of hemodialysis patients. The study participants consisted of 246 hemodialysis patients from 8 hemodialysis centers located in 3 cities ('K', 'P', and 'U') in South Korea. The questionnaire used for data collection was administered between April 1 and 30 of 2014. SPSS/WIN 18 program was used to perform descriptive, correlation, and stepwise regression analyses. It was found that stress response and acceptance were significantly correlated with psychosocial adaptation and quality of life. In the stepwise regression analysis, stress response appeared to be the most important influencing factor for psychosocial adaptation (
=-.443, p<.001) and quality of life (
=-.553, p<.001). Based on the study results, it is determined that in order to improve psychosocial adaptation and quality of life among hemodialysis patients, an intervention program to reduce stress response is needed, along with evaluating its efficacy.
The Effects of Bed Baths with 2% Chlorhexidine on the Incidence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Blood Stream Infection in Intensive Care Units
Yoon, Hyeng-Sook ; Choi, Eun-Hee ; Kim, Jin-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 838~848
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.838
The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of bed baths with 2% chlorhexidine on the incidence of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and blood stream infection (BSI) and to suggest guidelines on the therapeutic bed baths using skin cleaner. This study was designed to compare the incidence of MRSA and BSI of the experimental group(n=188) who received the bed baths with 2% chlorhexidine with the incidence of MRSA and BSI of the control group(n=199) who received the existing bed baths with soap and skin cleaner. A research design used in the study was a randomized control group posttest-only design. The experimental group had 6.7% decrease in MRSA acquisition than the control group (7.4% vs 14.1%, p=.036). The experimental group was decreased in the incidence density of MRSA than the control group (9.32 cases per 1,000 patient-days at risk of experimental group vs 15.44 cases per 1,000 patient-days at risk of control group; p=.099). The experimental group had 4.5% decrease in the rate of BSI than the control group (0.5% vs 5.0%, p=.011). The experimental group was decreased in the incidence density of BSI than the control group (0.67 cases per 1,000 patient-days at risk of experimental group vs 5.52 cases per 1,000 patient-days at risk of control group; p=.052). These finding indicated that bed baths with 2% chlorhexidine is an effective nursing intervention to decrease the incidence of MRSA and BSI.
Empirical Verification of the Korean Occupational Stress Scale in Physical Therapist
Hwang, Ryong ; Myoung, Sungmin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 849~857
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.849
Occupational Stress is defined the stress which occurs in the workplace or organization. In Korean workers, the rate of occupational stress was 87.8% which was the highest level among OECD countries(average 80.0%). The purpose of this study was to examine the empirical verification of the Korean Occupational Stress Scale(KOSS) in physical therapists. For this purpose, the subject of this study was set up physical therapists who were working at Gyeonggi province and collected from 388 persons by using purposive sampling. The collected data was conducted explanatory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis in order to ascertain factor structure and practical verification of KOSS. Major results were as following: first, the reliability of KOSS was 0.83, and it means that a measure of internal consistency is high. Second, the KOSS result of physical therapists was composed 7 subscales(job demand, insufficient job control, job insecurity, interpersonal conflict, occupational system and lack of reward, organizational climate) and that is more appropriate measurement scale than the original one by using explanatory/confirmatory factor analysis. This study could be contributed as a tool for evaluation and outcome of the basic information of related occupational stress in physical therapists.
Brain-Waves Analysis according to Ego-state and OK-gram of Transactional Analysis Theory
Jeong, Cheon-Soo ; Kim, Jung-Sam ; Kim, Chong-Yeal ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 858~863
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.858
Through this study, we found out whether to measure objectively by using Transactional Analysis(TA) evaluating their own growth and benefit of health through the change of Ego-state, the personality structure and brain waves monitoring electric signals occurring in the brain of the human biological signals. According to the results of brain-wave test, M-type is brain-waves of healthy adults and a,
were dominantly observed in the occipital while not sleeping. In particular,
appears widely throughout the brain during nervous or concentrating metal activities and unlike N-type experimenters,
was found to be dominant in M-type experimenters even in stable condition. N-type is brain waves of healthy adults and a,
were dominantly observed in the occipital while not sleeping. In particular, unlike nervous or concentrating M-type, there was no noise such as tension and blink while resting. In addition, it turned out that subjects with high levels of A ego do not return quickly to the stable state and show a lot of Blinking and swallowing saliva, noise regardless of the pattern of Egogram. And brain waves of 11 people that the difference in data of OK-gram and Ego-state is the same in all items or less than -5 showed a low amplitude of
in general. In conclusion, this study identified that the theory of personality pattern of Transactional Analysis Theory and brain-wave findings are consistent and also found out that brain waves are also associated according to each Ego-state of Egogram.
Evaluation of Usability and Radiation Dose Measurement Using Personal Radiation Exposure Dosimeter
Kang, In-Seog ; Ahn, Sung-Min ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 864~870
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.864
To propose a basis for the selection of personal dosimeters to measure radiation dose administration of radiation workers as a way to evaluate the usefulness dosimeter. For the dosimetry of the radiation workers 2012, during 1 year, 30 were radiation workers to measure personal dose. By personal exposure is measured cumulative dose, is investigated the performance of the TLD, PLD, OSLD. And comparing the measured value of each dosimeter dose and analyzed. Medical institutions, inspection work and quarterly confirmed the cumulative exposure dose of radiation workers. Using DAP and Ion-Chamber, to measure to compare TLD, PLD, OSLD dosimeter performance. A comparison of the directly through the X-ray dosimeter and The absolute value of the Ion-Chamber, OSLD more similar than in the TLD and PLD showed the dose values so the excellent ability to measure the results. Also in radiation generating area dose of radiation workers is higher than that in OSLD. Consequently, in terms of the individual exposure management OSLD is appropriated and beneficial than others.
Effect of Transformational Leadership on Passion, Innovative Behavior and Organizational Citizenship Behavior
Kim, Chang-Joong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 871~882
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.871
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of transformational leadership on passion, innovative behavior and organizational citizenship behavior in the jewelry companies. The results indicate that transformational leadership makes significant influence on employees' passion in order of intellectual stimulation, individual consideration and charisma. Furthermore, employees' passion also makes significant positive influence on both employee's innovative behavior and organizational citizenship behavior. It is also found that charisma, individual consideration and intellectual stimulation of transformational leadership has indirect impact on innovative behavior and organizational citizenship behavior through the passion. It is expected that the results of this study will make a contribution to the improvement of competitiveness in the jewelry companies by suggesting a new viewpoint regarding how transformational leadership work to motivate employees' passion, innovative behavior and organizational citizenship behavior in the jewelry companies.
The Boundary Conditions of Free-to-Play Business Model in the Economic Perspective: a case study
Yoo, Changsok ; Jung, Jaeki ; Lee, Sachiko ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 883~892
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.883
Free-to-play business model, which first commercialized in Korea, now becomes crucial sales drivers in the game industry, but the theoretical background is not well known that most of free-to-play content business models are developed based on the guts and trial-and-errors. In this study, we verified that the price discrimination theory in economics is the backbone of the free-to-play business model, and we also derived the three boundary conditions that should be satisfied in the business model design. We reviewed the three boundary conditions of free-to-play business model using case studies of previous games, and showed how the boundary conditions should work in the actual business. Through case studies, we tried to suggest the theoretical basis of free-to-play business model design, and sales enhancing techniques in free-to-play business.
The Effects of R&D Investment on Managerial Performance by Manufacturing Sector : Focused on Sales and Patent
Cho, Hwihyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 893~904
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.893
This study is designed to analyze the status of R&D investment and managerial performance related to the domestic manufacturing. To accomplish the purpose of the study, We have regression analyzed 6,054 companies based on the data of 'Business Activity Survey' disclosed by Statistics Korea. Result of the study are as follows. First, electronics, IT, and auto industry account for 25.6% of the country's manufacturing companies and take up 75.8% of the total R&D funding for the manufacturing industry. Second, R&D funding exercises positive influence on sales and the number of registered patents, which last exerts positive influence on sales.
Hedging Performance Using KODEX200 ETF
Byun, Youngtae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 905~914
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.905
In this study, we examine hedging effectiveness of KODEX200 ETF and KOSPI200 futures with respect to KOSPI200 spot or KODEX200 ETF using naive, the risk-minimization models and the VECM. The sample period covers from January 5. 2010 to October 31. 2013. Daily prices of the KOSPI200 spot, KOSPI200 futures and KODEX200 were used in this study. The results are summarized ans follows. First, this study show that there is cointegration relationship among KOSPI200 spot, futures and KODEX200 ETF market. Second, there is no significant difference in hedging performance among the models. Finally, hedged position of KOSPI200 cash(unhedged position)-KODEX200 ETF(hedge vehicle) or KODEX200 ETF-KOSPI200 futures seems to improve hedging performance compared to KOSPI200 cash-KOSPI200 futures. This implies that the portfolio managers may be encouraged to use the former than the latter.
Organizational Justice as the Antecedent of Career Satisfaction: Building a Conceptual Model from an Integrative Literature Review
Oh, Jeong Rok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 915~929
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.915
The purpose of this study was to explore organizational justice (distributive, procedural, and interactional justice) as the antecedent of and career satisfaction by conducting an integrative literature review. In addition, this study aimed to identify organizational support for career development (i.e., organizational sponsorship) as the potential mediating variable between organizational justice and career satisfaction. Based on an integrative literature review of previous research, this study proposed the conceptual model on the relationship between organizational justice and career satisfaction along with organizational support for career development. According to the conceptual model, organizational justice can add to the pool of important antecedents of career satisfaction, and organizational support for career development could mediate the relationship between organizational justice and career satisfaction. This study contributed to the human resource development (HRD) field through investigating the relationship between organizational justice and career satisfaction in a career development context in the workplace. Further, this study provided additional theoretical backgrounds to conduct organizational justice related research on diverse factors, such as potential mediating variables, influencing career satisfaction.
Using Outcome-based Evaluation to Assess the Impact of a Museum-based Program
Han, Ju Hyoung ; Noh, Eun Jeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 930~943
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.930
Museums increasingly are expected to be accountable for effectiveness of both new and existing programs, and to broaden and diversify community members served. One approach is to expand program services beyond those for traditional on-site visitors to non-traditional more diverse populations, including at-risk populations. Program evaluators are challenged to verify achievement of such lofty goals in the short term and during early program implementation. Nevertheless, it is critical to examine impacts of newly developed programs to determine viability and to improve them. This study assessed the impacts and efficacy of an on-going, non-traditional museum program targeting transitional homeless people in the community. Results presented a strategy for conceptually framing an assessment of a collaborative museum program serving non-traditional museum clients. Also, this study showed how aspects of one program were perceived by participants, and how those perceptions correspond with program outcomes.
The Reinvention of Traditional Cuisine as Counterculture
Kim, Jee Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 944~954
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.944
This paper discusses how the traditional cuisine of Korea capitalizes on "nostalgia" for the past. While examining the (re)invention of Buddhist cuisine and Andong food, this paper contends that traditional Korean cuisine is commodified through a process of de-contexualization. This paper first discusses the possibility that the idea of traditional cuisine is an invention in the first place. The history of temple food, for instance, suggests that it was created as a vehicle for circulating and implementing the ruling ideology in the ancient societies of China. This paper then turns to the issue of the growing influence of traditional cuisine in contemporary Korean culture, which is related to the public's demand for healthy food and also tied with the South Korean society's need for promoting a national cuisine in the age of globalization. The rise of traditional cuisine is a sign that people are seeking to reform their eating habits and form a counterculture. Yet, another side of the story is that consumers end up taking part in the self-expanding capitalist market with more consumer choices rather than forming a genuine counterculture. In this respect, the reinvention of temple food is closely related to what Jean and John L. Comaroff call the "emergence of consumption as a privileged site for the fabrication of self and society, of culture and identity".
Analyzing the Impact for Housing Occupied Form of HouseNomad
Yun, Jin-Young ; Oh, Jongryul ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 955~963
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.955
According to the "Population and Housing Census of 2010", announced by the National Statistical Office, "House Nomad group" was increased by more than 70% compared to 2005. Emergence of House Nomad tribe about the cause of the increase of influence and House Nomad tribe give the housing market, but prior to the discussion often, there is no place that still it became clearly evident in the research. The purpose of this study, are looking for the emergence and increasing cause of House Nomad group in terms of consumption behavior of the house. For this reason, We use the Population and Housing Census 1% of the data 2010. and Multinomial Logit Models., is a useful method that can be utilized when there is no rank and order the consumer choice. The results were as follows. House Nomad group was found to be higher probability of living place and good environmental characteristics of housing that has been expressed in the properties of the housing. Also appeared to have a relatively longer time commuting. And that residential mobility is high.
Advanced Application of 1,2-Indanedione for Latent Fingerprint Development on Thermal Paper
Namgoong, Joo-Yeong ; Bae, Kyunghee ; Yu, Jeseol ; Jang, Yunsik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 964~971
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.964
It is impossible to use general latent fingerprint developing reagents with thermal paper because it is very sensitive to change its color when exposed to heat and polarized solvents. The present study set up the applicapable ratio of 1,2-Indanedione solution demonstrating the effect of zinc chloride. There is no difference in results and the term of validity in solution containing under 3% of polarized solvent. And the solution without zinc chloride has better result in fluorescence.
Analysis on Picture Books and Activity Contents of Book Start Program
Yeon, Hyemin ; Choi, Kyoung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 972~981
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.972
This study intended to analyze picture books and activity contents of Book Start Program targeting infants and preschooler. Target objects were 244 picture books with their activities contained on casebook of Book Start Program. First, the study outcome showed that the most type of its picture books in general was fantasy, while, by ages, play books for those in 6~18 months, information books for those in 19~35 months, and fantasy books for those in 36 months~before going to school were the most. Second, contents of the picture books showed the most order of nature exploration, social relationship, art experience, while by ages, contents on nature exploration were the most in all ages, while social relationship and art experience showed statistically significant difference by ages. Third, the outcome of activity contents utilizing the books showed drawing activities were the most, while activities other than drawing showed statistically significant difference by ages. This result shows that they chose a picture book suitable for the developmental characteristics of the infants and preschoolers, but that the contents of the picture book were not closely associated with the activities. The outcome of this study lies in offering information and basis on ways to choose effective picture books and their activities to those planning and running Book Start Program in the future.
Developing of Learning Attitude Examination Tool for Vocational College Students
Kim, Jeong-Sun ; Lee, Hyoung-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 982~994
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.982
The purpose of this study was to find a way to improve the basic learning ability of vocational college students and to develop the examination of learning attitude. This examination can be used at Center for Teaching and Learning as a previous step to find the strategy and effectiveness of learning. The examination of learning attitude which consisted of 33 questions was surveyed by 984 college freshmen. The survey revealed that five factors; effective content arrangement, priority and self-management, Check and improve of study habits, goal setting and implementation, learning plans have high interrelation(.53~.72). Especially, the more positive aptitude for their majors students had, the higher score they achieved in those five factors. According to general characteristics, there was significant difference among five factors. Therefore, if it is considered to run a differentiated Teaching and Learning method individually, it is expected to be more effective learning strategies.
The Impact of Mother's Emotional Intelligence on Parenting Stress and Parenting Efficacy
Park, Jin-Young ; Pu, Sung-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 995~1007
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.995
The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the emotional intelligence of mothers on their parenting stress and parenting efficacy in an attempt to provide some information on the development of the emotional intelligence of mothers. A total of 228 mothers whose children attended kindergartens or day-care centers participated in the study and descriptive, correlation, multiple regression analysis were conducted. The results are as follows: First, mother's emotional intelligence had a negative correlation to parenting stress but positive correlation to parenting efficacy. Second, mother's emotional intelligence had a significant negative impact on parenting stress. In addition, among the sub-factors of emotional intelligence, emotional expression, emotional regulation exerted a statistically significant negative influence on parenting stress. Third, mother's emotional intelligence had a significant positive impact on parenting efficacy. In addition, among the subfactors of emotional intelligence, emotional awareness, emotional expression exerted a statistically significant positive influence on parenting efficacy.
A Study on Differences between Academic Self-Efficacy and Test Anxiety of Middle School Students depending on Gender and English Achievement
Lim, Mi-Ran ; Joe, Jin-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 1008~1018
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.1008
The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there are differences in academic self-efficacy and test anxiety between two groups(depending on gender and English achievement levels) of Korean middle school students. The subjects are 98 students who are 36 male and 62 female students. Two Questionnaires were administered to measure the learners' academic self-efficacy and test anxiety level. And the collected data were analyzed by t-test to examine the differences between two groups. The results of this study showed that there were statistically very significant differences in academic self-efficacy and test anxiety between two(male-female) groups. But there were no differences statistically in academic self-efficacy and test anxiety between two(high level-low level) groups. Further studies need to be conducted carefully considering the limitations of this study in terms of its instruments and subjects. Also the differences in other affective variables between two groups need to be studied in the future.
Compilation of the Yonsei English Learner Corpus (YELC) 2011 and Its Use for Understanding Current Usage of English by Korean Pre-university Students
Rhee, Seok-Chae ; Jung, Chae Kwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 1019~1029
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.1019
In recent years, researchers have become increasingly interested in the creation and pedagogical use of English learner corpora. Many studies have shown that learner corpora can not only make a significant contribution to second language acquisition research but also contribute to the construction and evaluation of language tests by advancing our understanding of English learners. So far, however, little attention has been paid to the Korean EFL (English as a foreign language) learners' corpus. The Yonsei English Learner Corpus (YELC 2011) is a specialized, monolingual, and synchronic Korean EFL learner corpus that was developed by Yonsei University from 2011 to 2012. Over 3,000 Korean high school graduates (or equivalents) who were accepted by Yonsei University for their further studies participated in this project. It consists of 6,572 written texts (1,085,828 words) at nine different English proficiency levels. In this paper, we describe its compilation, and more specifically, how we have corpusized from a text archive to a corpus. After introducing the process of corpusization, we report arresting insights into the specific linguistic features that different proficiency levels of Korean learners of English have. This study also discusses the potential use of the YELC 2011 which is now freely available for research purposes.
Effect of Image Making Education on Self-Esteem and Education Satisfaction
Cho, Ju-Eun ; Ko, Seon-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 1030~1040
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.1030
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship among image making education, self-esteem and education satisfaction using airline service department in the university. In this study, 2 hypotheses based on literature reviews were employed. Questionnaire was also developed based on previous studies. A convenience sample of 240 students was surveyed and 218 usable questionnaires were analyzed. According to the exploratory factor analysis, image making education was divided into 'external image education', 'basic character education' and 'manner education'. Self-esteem, on the other hand, was categorized into the following variables: 'sense of value' and 'esteem' accordingly. Then the data and hypotheses were examined using structural equation modeling (SEM) by AMOS. The results are as follows. Firstly, 'external image' and 'manner education' have positive effect on 'sense of value' while manner education has effect on 'esteem'. Secondly, 'sense of value' and 'esteem' factor have positive effects on education satisfaction. Hence continuous and systematic education should be conducted to administer 'image making curriculum'. Self-esteem should also be taught in schools to encourage student's satisfaction on education. The contribution and limitations of this research were discussed and the future possible researches were mentioned.
The Relationship Among Parents' Rearing Attitude, Covert Narcissism, and School Adjustment of High School Students
Kim, Jong-Un ; Kim, Ji-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 11, 2014, Pages 1041~1054
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.11.1041
The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of the parents' rearing attitude perceived by high school students and students' covert narcissism on the adjustment of high school students. For that, research data are collected from 580 high school students in Busan. 524 students' data are analyzed through SPSS Ver. 21.0 to examine correlations and influences of parents rearing attitude, students' covert narcissism and adjustment ability to schools. The results obtained in this study are as follows: First, the finding shows that the adjustment of high school students has a significant static corelation with parents' rearing attitude which is perceived by students. Second, affective attitude of parents' rearing attitude, has the strongest influence on students compliance in school. In addition, goal-oriented and rational attitude of parents has an impact on students' scholastic aptitude and academic achievement. Third, students' goal-instability of life which is one element of students' covert narcissism has negative effect on overall students' school life. Thus, these results suggest that for a better adjustment of high school students, various parent education training and development of programs that can help students set up goals are needed. It also highlights the importance of counseling.