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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 2014
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 2014
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 2014
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Sep 2014
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 2014
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 2014
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 2014
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 2014
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 2014
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 2014
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 2014
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 2014
Selecting the target year
Cross-media Storytelling Strategy Utilizing N-Screen Service: Focusing on ASMD
Shin, Donghee ; Kim, Hee-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.001
This study discusses crossmedia storytelling strategy plans by utilizing N-Screen service. It conceptualizes the definitions of N-Screen service in terms of smart contents. Related previous researches are extensively introduced to clarify how N-Screen service would be different from previous similar services. Most domestic N-Screen services have adopted OSMU method which provides the same contents from various platforms. It is, however, centered only on a development company`s one-sided service and neglects to reflect the characteristics of a media or platform. In this light of gap, this study introduces ASMD method which is based on cross media. By providing right contents services according to types of smart media and enhancing a user`s participation, users can enjoy a variety of entertainment and rich contents experiences and development companies can expect better promotion effects and an increase in sales. Finally, this study argues for strategies of crossmedia storytelling by using ASMD method, based on both domestic and overseas examples of contents development with crossmedia. As more and more diverse forms of media and platform would be introduced in the future, new strategies and perspectives would be imperative to cope with new environment. Conventional OSMU method bears inherent limitations to cover the range of N-Screen application. This study discusses the ways to mitigate the limitations by proposing ASMD method with crossmedia.
Multi-scale Image Segmentation Using MSER and its Application
Lee, Jin-Seon ; Oh, Il-Seok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 11~21
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.011
Multi-scale image segmentation is important in many applications such as image stylization and medical diagnosis. This paper proposes a novel segmentation algorithm based on MSER(maximally stable extremal region) which captures multi-scale structure and is stable and efficient. The algorithm collects MSERs and then partitions the image plane by redrawing MSERs in specific order. To denoise and smooth the region boundaries, hierarchical morphological operations are developed. To illustrate effectiveness of the algorithm`s multi-scale structure, effects of various types of LOD control are shown for image stylization. The proposed technique achieves this without time-consuming multi-level Gaussian smoothing. The comparisons of segmentation quality and timing efficiency with mean shift-based Edison system are presented.
Analysis on the GPU Performance according to Hierarchical Memory Organization
Choi, Hongjun ; Kim, Jongmyon ; Kim, Cheolhong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 22~32
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.022
Recently, GPGPU has been widely used for general-purpose processing as well as graphics processing by providing optimized hardware for parallel processing. Memory system has big effects on the performance of parallel processing units such as GPU. In the GPU, hierarchical memory architecture is implemented for high memory bandwidth. Moreover, both memory address coalescing and memory request merging techniques are widely used. This paper analyzes the GPU performance according to various memory organizations. According to our simulation results, GPU performance improves by 15.5%, 21.5%, 25.5%, 30.9% as adding 8KB L1, 16KB L1, 32KB L1, 64KB L1 cache, respectively, compared to case without L1 cache. However, experimental results show that some benchmarks decrease performance since memory transaction increases due to data dependency. Moreover, average memory access latency is increased as the depth of hierarchical cache level increases when cache miss occurs significantly.
Location Recognition Method based on PTP Communication
Myagmar, Enkhzaya ; Kwon, Soon Ryang ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 33~39
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.033
Domestic and international researches, about intelligent systems based on a variety of location recognitions using location information, have actively proceeded. The representative location recognition method based on PTMP(Point To Multi Point) communication uses TOA(Time Of Arrival) to calculate distances to a fixed node that you want to recognize a position. The method is used to obtain the fixed node location information from three nodes location information that is applied by the triangulation method. There are disadvantages, an infrastructure should be established at a specific space and the system established cost is needed, in the location recognition method based on the PTMP communication, In this paper, the ranging based PTP(Point To Point) location recognition method is proposed to revise the disadvantage of PTMP location recognition method. And then it is compared with PTMP communication location recognition to evaluate performance. In this way, PTMP and PTP communication location recognition systems based on ranging were constructed and tested in an indoor environment. Experiment results show that the proposed PTP location recognition method could be confirmed to improve accuracy more than 3 times when it was compared with the existed PTMP location recognition method.
Discriminator of Similar Documents Using Syntactic and Semantic Analysis
Kang, Won-Seog ; Hwang, Do-Sam ; Kim, Jung H. ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 40~51
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.040
Owing to importance of document copyright the need to detect document duplication and plagiarism is increasing. Many studies have sought to meet such need, but there are difficulties in document duplication detection due to technological limitations with the processing of natural language. This thesis designs and implements a discriminator of similar documents with natural language processing technique. This system discriminates similar documents using morphological analysis, syntactic analysis, and weight on low frequency and idiom. To evaluate the system, we analyze the correlation between human discrimination and term-based discrimination, and between human discrimination and proposed discrimination. This analysis shows that the proposed discrimination needs improving. Future research should work to define the document type and improve the processing technique appropriate for each type.
Development and evaluation of the multi-strip reader for point of care testing
Kim, Jin ; Jeon, Wooram ; Park, Seoung Woo ; Lee, Chang Youl ; Lee, Da-Hyeon ; Choi, In-Taek ; Kim, Ju Yeon ; Suh, In Bum ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 52~58
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.052
Point of care testing (POCT) is could be easily and economically performed and was widely used. In particular, the test items using immune chromatographic method has been conveniently used. But when an error occurs, we should reaffirmed the test results, but we could not reaffirm because the test line is disappeared as the time pass, and the test results are different between laboratory workers. Therefore, we developed multi-strip reader which can store images for the test results and can interpretate the test results automatically. Then we evaluated newly developed multi-strip reader for urine pregnancy test, the test results of the multi-strip reader was 100% matched with the previously results. Our newly developed multi-strip reader was convenient and economic, and will be widely used in many laboratories.
A Research on Dir. Kim, Muk`s Film Works
Kim, Sunam ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 59~68
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.059
Dir. Kim, Muk was known to the representative director of Korean action and thriller film from the last of 1950`s to the first of 1970`s. His first film is melodrama
(1958). But he mainly makes action genre film after
(1960). This reserch discussed on Kim, Muk`s activity in Koream film world and introduceed his all films from the first of 1950`s to of 1970`s. In conclusionly I arranged his film style and KIm, Muk`s film making metod of action film.
Love Stories in Korean TV Series which are popular in Japan: Comparison between Love Stories in Korean TV Series and Japanese TV Series
Nago, Mari ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 69~79
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.069
In recent years, the number of love stories in Japanese TV series are decreasing. Comparing this with Korean popular TV series in Japan, it was found that Korean TV series have the following differences. In the Japanese series, the main characters were mostly from common origin. The conflicts within each relationship stage illustrated the conflicts between characters and their surroundings, as well as the conflicts which commonly arise in real life, that with the self. Confessions of love in the Japanese series used simpler expressions. Some couples did not even say "I love you". Further, when love was threatened, rarely was deep attachment shown. There were even cases where the main characters did not end up as a couple. On the other hand, there often existed a class difference between the male and female main characters in the Korean series and conflicts mostly arose from differences of environment, illness, love rivals, and etc. Every couple verbally confessed their love and they used more passionate expressions of love than in the Japanese series, and when love was threatened no man backed down and each showed his deep attachment. Finally, there were happy endings for everyone even after the many complications.
A Case Study on Pillow Talk(1959) and Down with Love(2003): Split Screen in Romantic Comedy Films
Chang, Woo-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 80~93
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.080
This paper examines how split-screen technique works to meet the goals and strategies of the narrative in the romantic comedy films which deal with love and sex. The plot of romantic comedy films aims to the union and marriage of the couple, but is structured to delay the union as much as possible through comical situations and episodes. Usually split-screen scenes are placed before plot point 2 and serve to make a laugh and humor. Besides, it helps focusing on two main characters. Comedy related to love and sex comes from information gap between two main characters which can cause a tension, double meaning of spoken words and combination of split-screen images. Michael Gordon`s Pillow Talk(1959) and Peyton Reed`s Down with Love(2003) are reviewed in this study.
A Study of Space Planning Process in Stereoscopic 3D for Narrative Immersion
Son, Jung-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 94~102
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.094
In the 21th century, audiences were fascinated with stereoscopic 3d in the theaters again. Since 2009, interest in stereoscopic 3D had been increased explosively, but shortfall in stereoscopic 3D contents is yet to be solved. However, despite shaky conditions in broadcasting businesses, stereoscopic 3D movies are released steadily in Hollywood. And the movies with strong storytelling are performing in the film market, so common point among them is that stereoscopic 3d techniques are used for subserving narrative immersion effectively. Therefore, stereoscopic 3D techniques will be helpful for enhancing narrative immersion. So I researched relations between immersion and stereoscopic 3D, and proposed space planning process for enhancing narrative immersion in stereoscopic 3D.
Analysis on Oh, hein-kuhn`s Portrait Photograph
Kim, Ji-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 103~112
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.103
Oh, hein-kuhn is a representative portrait photographer in Korea. His works,
, which treated portraits of women are a bit different from those of the past that described the appearance of characters. The artist expressed the figure of inner side that conflicts and feels uneasy between `family and society` and `child and woman` along with the look of character. That is, he included specific aura which the whole of aunts and girls` group radiates by showing similar photos repeatedly, that we can be aware of `aunt` and `girl` by seeing them. The important technique of Oh, hein-kuhn`s Portrait Photograph is `repetition` of image. The artist delivers the meaning of the photo by looking at the character upright in the front and showing photos with similar frame repeatedly. Such form and content of the work as this might feel a bit boring, since it`s very simple just like identification picture. However, the photos in the frames which do not move in the fixed position can deliver the meaning of work more clearly rather than the image which expresses flowing time and moving space, we can grasp the message that the artist intends to deliver rather quickly. In the environment of photograph production mainly with image transformation, Oh, hein-kuhn`s works of authentic original work method definitely stand forth. Through the portraits of aunts and girls, the artist tells an aspect of our society and we reconfirm the reality through the portraits made by him.
The Narrative Structure and Musical Number`s Dramatic Function in Musical "Ah! My Goddess"
Shin, Sa-Bin ; Lee, Woo-Chang ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 113~124
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.113
Ah! My Goddess has impressive narrative structure including a "narrative as a discourse," a "narrative as a story" and a "narrative by narrator": in a narrative as a discourse, North and South Korean soldiers make friendship; in a narrative by a narrator, main characters (including Sun-ho, Seok-gu, Ju-hwa, Chang-seop and Dong-hyeon) appear in the outer story and narrate the inner story of characters (including Dong-hyeon, Goddess and Seok-gu) within the frame of a play within a play; and in a narrative as a story, reality and fantasy intersect by the appearance of the "Goddess." This narrative structure contributes largely to 1) the character formation of space, 2) the strategic minimization of the stage, 3) the multiplicity of main characters, 4) the repetition of similar life story, and 5) the flexible change of a point of view. And the musical number serves as dramatic functions such as 1) pursuing the multiplicity of characters, 2) maximizing the effect of the expression of tragic feelings, 3) drawing audience`s interest by irony and fantasy, 4) evoking the nostalgia for delicate feelings and pure wishes, and 5) ordinary female characters` playing the role of healing and salvation, thereby contributing to the reconstruction of reality and the style of fantasy.
Youth Film Festival : its Evolution History and Influence
Oh, Se-Sub ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 125~139
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.125
In this study, we`re going to look at the formation process of Youth film Festival and factors affecting that process. The Youth film Festival didn`t appear suddenly in a day. There have been various trial regarding media education by civil society organizations (NGO) until the mid 1990s, principal Youth film Festival has been held from 1997s to 2001s and established a framework for Youth film Festival. There were some progress after those times and then in 2008 Youth film Festival faced some changes such as screening online, and responded rapidly to the current image industry and the cultural stream like the appearance of HD camcoder and smart phone till now. We can divide two areas regarding factors that affecting those formation process of Youth film Festival. First, they are explained as economic and social factors that the situation of South Korea extremely such as the efforts of civil society organizations (NGO), image technology and development of the industry, IMF bailout era and so on, second cultural and educational factors that the rise of virtual culture, the University entrance and results of awards. Thus Youth film Festival has been evolved in various affects, so we can look into the various sections of korea society through these formation process of Youth film Festival.
The Politics of Hollywood Conspiracy Films in the Era of Late Capitalism
Lee, Jeeheng ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 140~150
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.140
Conspiracy theory is often considered as a kind of paranoid and an act of throwing all the blame solely on the Big Other who is presumed to control all the incidents behind the curtain. While, it is also assessed as a socio-political sub-culture and a way of interpreting the world full of closure and insufficient information, keeping us from grasping `the totality`. Meanwhile recent conspiracy films reflect the ever dense and concealed anatomy of the world now. And it reveals some kind of ideological tendency which is, `sense of catastrophe` and `non-ideology` reflecting the world of late capitalism society. This article intends to examine the altered representational appearance and ideology in recent conspiracy films so as to understand how the conspiracy theory, the social-political interpretational mechanism, is converged into the film narrative against the backdrop of late capitalism, a socio-political condition we live in.
Research for Cup Design Process Development Using Emotional Features Focusing on the Korean Traditional Alchol Yakju`s Design
Choi, Won-Ho ; Kim, Kwang-Shin ; Choi, Byong-Keon ; Hwang, Seung-Wook ; Kim, Woo-Ri ; Lee, Seok-Jin ; Ahn, Jung-Hyun ; Sin, Jong-Hwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 151~165
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.151
Korean traditional alcohol`s growth gets declined after Makgeolli`s boom and it`s time to enter the takeoff stage using cup based on the characteristics of each alcohols in order to their globalization and quality improvement. For now, there are 3 features of Korean traditional alcohol`s cup design development; subdivision, quality improvement, systematization. However, there`s no product design case that reflect the characteristics of the alcohol from the planning phase. Therefore, it needs to establish process technology for storytelling and emotion based cup design. This research aims to extract the specification for cup design and to find out the visualization element of cup`s shape and material by studying 5 senses and traditional alcohol`s objective informations. Through the study, the elements that can maximize the specific traditional alcohol`s marketability: cup`s label, pattern, decorative element based on the storytelling like history and tale were found. As a result, those result can give a new export strategy by developing competitive design that has emotional element and storytelling from the traditional alcohol`s characteristics in a situation of stagnant export of the small sized home-brewed liquor business.
The Aspect of Disaster and Aesthetic Cultivation in Film
Han, Young-Kyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 166~175
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.166
The negative influence by disaster on human`s life could be so tremendous. I like to give attention to the disaster, considerable many cases, that disaster was used as stimulation or motivation for artist`s creativity, especially in the film among various art activities. The reason I focus on disaster through art activities is disaster is closely related to human`s daily life and also aesthetic consciousness. I like to look into the flood disasters` appearances described in the both films,
and the people`s aesthetic consciousness expressed from the flood disasters. In the traditional education of the East. `cultivation` has been used as the meaning of self education which develops mostly one`s personality by doing self practice, and self insight meditation. And In the modern western education, cultivation has been identified as the meaning of unique mission, that each human being expresses one`s own individuality, that is personality, progressively. I think `the aesthetic ` already immanence in human`s mind. Analysis for The beauty of Kant is also starts from special nature, delightfulness. The aesthetic doesn`t appears in sight easely because it always exists in one`s bottom of heart like mist. That`s the reason we try to reach to the aesthetic through the medium, that`s art. Human can achieve aesthetic cultivation which reaches to the aesthetic by having lot of events and experiences in the process.
An analysis of Empirical Studies of Musical Literary Work Plagiarism Standard : The Popular Music
Jo, Jin-Wan ; Shin, Mi-Hae ; Park, Areum ; Kim, Young-Chul ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 176~185
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.176
This study deals with the precedents regarding music works among `The suits to claim an infringement of copyright` and `Suits to claim indemnification for damage` that have been filed in Korea up so far in order to establish clear criteria to judge plagiarism based on the ground of legal judgment and judge the similarity of two works that have been in controversy previously. The study has been performed through literature review and also precedents. According to the study result, `criteria to judge music works on plagiarism` are largely classified into (1) creativity, (2) access, and (3) substantial similarity. It is almost the same to judge creativity and substantial similarity. With the components of music works, say, melody, harmony, and rhythm, comparative analysis is conducted. About creativity, the original composer`s song is analyzed with another object to be compared whereas about substantial similarity, two songs in controversy get to be analyzed. Regarding the current criteria to judge creativity, it is needed to set the number of objects to be compared which have been regarded similar. And access has limitations in setting up objective criteria for it. Lastly, we should develop digitized criteria for substantial similarity based on the preliminary review system of the Committee on Performance Ethics in the past.
Study of Extended Application of Workers` Compensation for Artists: Focus on Workers in Broadcasting and Performing Art
Shim, Hee-Chul ; Yang, Jeong-Ho ; Kim, Hern-Sik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 186~194
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.186
The purpose of this paper is to review the meaning of extended application of workers` compensation for artists. This study explains by giving specific two examples. The first case is about broadcasting extra who is permitted to receive compensation from Korea Workers` Compensation & Welfare Service without filing a suit. Whereas, The second case is about musical stage crew who is not permitted to obtain compensation for accident during work. The reason why he could not receive compensation is not because he is regarded as worker, but because he is regarded as individual businessman. Extended application of workers` compensation for artists could be a double-edged sword for workers through two cases. Firstly, Broadcasting extras could become much easier to receive workers` compensation according to precedent. Secondly, It is more difficult to get the workers` compensation by the reason of not applying for workers` compensation admission like the second case, even though the second case of forms of employment is similar to that of the first. In other words, New compensation development could generate another obstacles to enter compensation systems. Extended application of workers` compensation should be operated with covering artists` compensation case by case.
Influence of the Functional Characteristics of Adolescents in a Multicultural Home on Property Delinquency
Kim, Sang-Woon ; Shin, Jae-Hun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 195~202
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.195
Korea society has become a multicultural society by the mid-1990s. It is difficult to adapt to multicultural youth social acceptance without contrast. In particular, Multicultural youth compared to the general characteristics of the home environment was much influenced by the growth. Multicultural youth has plain color, Eye color that general problems of the exchange is not easy, family-friendly social life, make friends and influence more than the home was subjected to environmental impact. In other words, parenting is influenced by the family-friendly social life. multi-cultural families many of the country are concentrated in low-income. Consequently, the home environment is affected by property delinquency. This study was research targeting multicultural youth.
Effect of Community-based Rehabilitation on Patients with Brain Injury: Meta-analysis Based on the ICF Model
Cha, Yu-Jin ; Kim, Se-Yun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 203~214
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.203
In this study, a meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the effect of community-based rehabilitation on patients with brain injury by ICF factor in previous studies and examine the application of recent community-based rehabilitation program. Total 15 articles that satisfied the selection criteria were divided by ICF factors to obtain the effect size. Homogeneity and publication bias were tested for those selected papers. As a result, the overall effect size of community-based rehabilitation was 0.22; the effect size by physical function and structure among the ICF factors came to be 0.21; and the effect size of activity and participation was 0.20, indicating a small effect size. The studies involved in a meta-analysis were considered as the absence of heterogeneity and publication bias, which indicates that the results of this study are subjectively reliable. These results well explained the level of change on ICF factors, especially physical function and structure, activity and participation, in other words, the intervention effect of community-based rehabilitation on patients with brain injury.
Systematic Review on Effect of Mirror Therapy on Upper Extremity Function for Stroke Patients
Park, Jin-Hyuck ; Heo, Seo-Yoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 215~222
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.215
Recent years, mirror therapy or mirror neuron therapy has been used to improve neural damage of upper extremities among stroke patients. This systematic review was conducted to assess the clinical effect of mirror therapy used for the treatment of upper extremities for patients with stroke. After literature search, researchers selected for 9 randomized controlled clinical trial studies registered up to October 2013 based on PubMed database, using the following search terms: mirror therapy, mirror neuron, stroke, paresis, hemiplegia, upper extremity. There were significant improves of distal upper extremity function in the use of mirror therapy groups but the research using range of motion(ROM) as outcome measure. In conclusion, mirror therapy was more effective than conventional therapies or sham therapies for upper recovery of distal upper extremity function among stroke patients.
The Effects of Job Stress with Depression and Fatigue of Firemen
Kim, Kwang-Seok ; Park, Jong ; Park, Bu-Yeon ; Kim, Sung-Gil ; Hwang, Eun-Yeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 223~231
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.223
This study aims to identify job stress of firemen and the relations between their job stress, depression and fatigue, targeting firemen who are working for local fire stations. We interviewed the subjects using a short-answer type questionnaire or a online questionnaire. The data collected were analysed with a use of SPSS WIN 15.0 for confidence analysis, correlation analysis, step-by-step multi-regression analysis, and covariance structure analysis(CSA). This study result tasks and emotional stress had a direct effect on depression and fatigue. Therefore, this study suggests that governmental management should be provided for firemen that are classified as a high-risk group in occupational characteristics. Above all, the causes of stress should be diagnosed, its management goals should be set, and effective intervention programs should be provided.
The Effect of Tourism Experience on the Quality of Life of the Elderly
Kim, Hyelin ; Hyun, Insook ; Woo, Eunjoo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 232~240
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.232
The study aimed to explore the association between tourism experience and the quality of life among the elderly over aged 65. Using a sample from Jeju, this study clarifies tourism experiences of the elderly and examines the relationship among tourism experience, six different life domains, and overall quality of life by generating theoretical and practical implications. Structural Equation Modeling approach was used to identify the relationships among the constructs. The results revealed that travel experience positively influences satisfaction with family, social, material, psychological, health, and leisure life domain. However, not all life domain satisfaction affects overall quality of life. Satisfaction with family, leisure, health, psychological well-being life domains was linked to overall life satisfaction among the elderly.
The Buffering Effect of Family Cohesion in the Relationship between Depression and Suicidal Risk
Kim, Yun-Jeong ; Kang, Hyun-Jung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 241~249
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.241
The aim of this paper is to examine the buffering effect of family cohesion in the relationship between depression and suicidal risk among adolescents, adults, and the elderly. To achieve the research aim, surveys were conducted in 10 cities across the country for 399 adolescents, 473 adults, and 370 elderly from May to August 2010. Major findings of the data analysis are as follows. First, while, in the relationship between depression and suicidal risk, the elderly were the highest, followed by adolescents and adults in descending order, in family cohesion, adults were the highest, followed by the elderly and adolescents. Second, the analysis of the buffering effect of family cohesion in the relationship between depression and suicidal risk showed that it was significant only for adolescents and adults, which means that for those two groups family cohesion alleviates the effects of depression on suicidal risk, demonstrating the necessity of strengthening family cohesion to reduce suicides among the two groups of people. But, for the elderly for whom family relationship is more important than any other age group, the buffering effect of family cohesion in the relationship between depression and suicidal risk was not proved. The interpretation of this phenomenon is given in the part of the paper where the characteristics of the suicide of the old age group is discussed.
Effect of Orthodontics Patients` Orthodontics Characteristics on the Living Quality Related to Oral Health (OHIP)
Yoon, Sung-Uk ; Oh, Na-Rae ; Jeong, Mi-Ae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 250~258
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.250
The purpose of this study was to promote effective health management of orthodontics patients by determining the effect that the factors related to orthodontics would have on the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP), and the subjects of this study was the local residents of Gangwon-do Province. The mean score of OHIP for the subjects was 2.97, while the mean score of physical factor was 3.01. The mean score of psychological factor was found to be 2.93. Thus, the orthodontics was found to have more influence on psychological factor. The item that had the greatest influence among the 10 items of Oral Health Impact Profile was found to be the question, "Have you ever felt shy due to your dental shape?" which had the mean score of 2.66. The characteristics that had significant effect on OHIP among general characteristics were found to be the age, religion, occupation, income, smoking or non-smoking status(p<0.05). In terms of the age, the age of 20 or less had the greatest effect with the mean score of 2.53. In relation to the occupation, the production/sales occupation had an influence with the mean score of 2.56 (p<0.05). Those with income exceeding KRW 4 million were found to have the mean score of 2.83 and 2.78. It turned out that the smokers had greater effect compared to the non-smokers in relation to the smoking/non-smoking status as the income was higher (p<0.05). The characteristics of orthodontics were manifested as the health perception in relation to Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) (p<0.05). Regarding the reason why they underwent the orthodontics, the `uncomfortable feeling in chewing` was found to have the mean score of 2.69 and 2.67 (p<0.05). Regarding the orthodontics period, 1 to 2 years were found to have the mean score of 2.80 and 2.74, thus having an influence (p<0.05). In relation to the regret/non-regret over orthodontics, those who indicated that they regretted were found to have the mean score of 2.65 and 2.60 (p<0.05). Analysis of the relationship between Characteristics of orthodontic treatment and OHIP, orthodontic treatment reasons, oral health awareness, whether orthodontic treatment regret showed a statistically significant correlation. it is considered necessary to make constant efforts to help orthodontics patients, both physically and psychologically, in the course of treatment and improve their quality of lives.
Correlation between High School Students` Experience of Visiting the Dental Clinic and Oral Symptoms
Woo, Hee-Sun ; Shim, Youn-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 259~268
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.259
The purpose of this study is to investigate correlation between experience of visiting the dentist and oral symptoms with 10,701 high school seniors in the research data of the 8th juvenile online health behavior carried out in 2012. The results of this research showed that the lower academic grades, the more tooth crack they experienced, and the lower economic conditions, the more toothache they tended to experience. The main reasons they visited the dentist were because their teeth ached, tingled or throbbed with pain. Scores of oral symptoms, sex, economic conditions and the number of experience of visiting the dentist were found to have a significant correlation. In order to improve high school students` dental health continually, we need to install the school dental health room and need to systemize continuous dental health care system for high school students, along with development of various school dental health education programs, by vitalizing prevention based school dental health education.
Applying Rasch Analysis for Validation of School Function Assessment
Park, Kyoung-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 269~276
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.269
The purpose of this study is to investigate validation of the School Function Assessment(SFA) for Korean Version using Rasch analysis. The subjects were recruited 98 students with disabilities in Seoul, Kyoung-Ki, Chung-cheung. The data were analysed using Rasch analysis to investigate unidimensionality and rating scale model. The 4 items out of SFA Part II were found to be misfts. The 18 items out of physical tasks, the 14 items out of cognitive/behavioral tasks in Part III were found to be misfit. All rating scale in SFA was appropriate. Further studies are needed to investigate validity and criterion cut-off score for many students with disabilities.
Effects of Self-acceptance and Family Forgiveness on Family Cohesion: Moderating Effects of Gender
Shin, Sun-Hwa ; Jeong, Goo-Churl ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 277~288
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.277
The purpose of this study was to identify the moderating effect of gender among self-acceptance, family forgiveness and family cohesion. It was conducted to measure self-acceptance, family forgiveness and family cohesion from 376(188 male, 188 female) university students. The moderating effect according to gender was analyzed through hierarchical regression analysis and path analysis. As a result of analysis, first, there were positive relationship, among self-acceptance, family forgiveness and family cohesion. Second, self-acceptance and family forgiveness had a significant effect on the family cohesion. Third, gender had moderating effect within the relationship of self-acceptance, family forgiveness and family cohesion. Specifically, impact on family cohesion of self-acceptance is greater in men, and impact on family cohesion of family forgiveness is greater in women. Implications of these results were explored in relation to the importance of self-acceptance and forgiveness that could be taken to improve family cohesion. In addition, this implication and suggestions for future research are provided.
Phenomenological Analysis of Perception on Body Image of Female College Students
Oh, Hye-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 289~300
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.289
This study was conducted to find how the female college students perceive the body image and the way to help them through the education program. The data was collected through in-depth interviews of 10 female college students from October, 2012 to September, 2013. The interview was done with 3 focus group consisted of 3~4 participants per group. The data were analyzed by the Giorgi method. The meaning structure were organized in 12 themes and 5 focal meanings were identified health personality, health physical condition, making artificial body, social judgement, respect for individuality to ideal body. It is needed to develop the professional programs that help the female college students to positively manage their own body image and reduce the health problem induced body image. Therefore, it is recommended that the program for the female college students is consisted of management of physical health and psychological stress, harmonious interpersonal relationship and encouragement of self-esteem.
Correlation of Stress-coping, Humor Sense, and Adaptation to College of Baccalaureate Nursing Students
Kim, Kon Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 301~313
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.301
This study aimed to identify the correlation of stress-coping, humor sense, and adaptation to college of nursing students. Three hundred thirty eight subjects completed a structured questionnaire in June 2012. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. The mean scores were as follows; stress-coping 43.33, humor sense 72.18, and adaptation to college 68.02. It meant beyond the intermediate level. Significant differences were found between adaptation to college scores and general characteristics such as gender, academic year, family type, economic status, campus life satisfaction, relation with faculties, grade, and the relationship with the opposite gender. There was significant but weak correlation of stress-coping, humor sense, and adaptation to college. These results suggest that it is necessary to develop individualized education programs considering students` characteristics. Additionally, university adjustment related factors should be studied.
Effectiveness of an Emergent Care Management Simulation Education among Senior Nursing Students According to Learning Styles
Hur, Hea Kung ; Shin, Yun Hee ; Park, SoMi ; Lim, Young Mi ; Kim, Gi Yon ; Kim, Ki Kyong ; Song, Hee-Young ; Choi, Hyang Ok ; Choi, Jihea ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 314~327
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.314
This is a quasi-experimental study involving one group design with pretest and posttest for evaluation of an effectiveness of an emergent care management simulation education among senior nursing students according to their learning styles. Participants were 58 senior nursing students. Learning style and educational effectiveness (critical thinking disposition, problem solving process, cooperation, satisfaction with learning, and self-confidence) were measured. Learning styles of senior nursing students were converger 46.6%, assimilator 34.5%, accommodator 15.5%, and diverger 3.4%. Critical thinking disposition, problem solving process, cooperation, and self-confidence were significantly enhanced by an emergent care management simulation education. Otherwise, educational effectiveness according to learning styles were not significantly different. Based on the results, devising stratagem to maximize an educational effectiveness will be needed trough re-evaluation of relationship between learning styles and effectiveness of a simulation education.
Fatigue and Self efficacy on Clinical Practice of Nursing Students
Kim, Eun-Hee ; Suh, Soon-Rim ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 328~336
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.328
The purpose of this study was to identify levels of fatigue and self-efficacy of clinical practice among nursing students and to examine the relationship of fatigue and self-efficacy. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with 207 senior nursing students. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data during the period from 1st to 30th of June, 2013. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson`s correlation coefficient using SPSS 18.0 program. At the results, the average levels of fatigue and self-efficacy were 3.52/5($SD
Dose assessment according to Differences in the Content of Iodine in Contrast Media used in Interventional Procedure
Bak, Hyeok ; Jeon, Ju-Seob ; Kim, Yong-Wan ; Jang, Seong-Joo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 337~345
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.337
The purpose of this study is to evaluate exposure dose and absorbability according to differences in the content of iodine in contrast media used in interventional procedure and angiography. There were 7 levels of iodine content as 240, 270, 300, 320, 350, 370, and 400 I
. The higher iodine content was, the more elevated exposure dose and absorbability were. The output dose was about 8.5% from iodine content with 350I
higher than that with 270 I
in TACE. These results mean that contrast media can have an effect on patient`s exposure dose and high iodine content contrast media results in elevation of patient`s exposure dose.
Development and Evaluation of the Reader for Blood Typing using Column Agglutination Method
Kim, Jin ; Jeon, Wooram ; Park, Seoung Woo ; Lee, Chang Youl ; Lee, Da-Hyeon ; Choi, In-Taek ; Kim, Ju Yeon ; Suh, In Bum ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 346~351
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.346
Accurate blood typing tests are essential for safe blood transfusion. Recently many automated test equipments have been introduced to reduce errors and increase the efficiency of the test. However, those equipments being high in price, it is difficult to introduce automated test equipment for every hospital. In this study, we developed a reader for blood typing using column agglutination test. In the process, the results, read out by the image processing, are stored and reaffirmed. To evaluate the reader, 148 samples for ABO and RhD blood typing tests and 154 samples for unexpected antibody test were used. The positive and negative intensity of the reading and the reading of the reaction were 100% in agreement with the result of traditional manual method. If additional verification is completed, this reader can be efficiently and economically used in small-and medium-sized hospitals.
Factors Affecting on Users` Intention in using Social Commerce and Online Shopping
Sun, Zeng-Jun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 352~360
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.352
This study is based on the results from the previous one. It proved that perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, perceived service quality, perceived risk are the independent variables. Research model and hypotheses by using the use intention and recommended intention as the dependent variable. The results were as follows: First, perceived usefulness and perceived service quality have positive effects on use intention and recommended intention. Second, perceived risk has negative effects on use intention and recommended intention. Third, the perceived ease of use has positive effect on use intention in Social Commerce, in contrast, it has no significant effect on use intention in Online Shopping. The results of this study presented the proposal for operators at social commerce area.
A Successful Design Strategy of Haier Washing Machines in the Chinese Market
Huang, Yue-Xin ; Kang, Bum-Kyu ; Kim, Sung-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 361~373
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.361
according to rapid development in current industrial technologies, technology alone is no longer the only competitive factor among the manufacture companies. The value of innovation in product design has increased important attention to more consumers. This paper demonstrates the methodology of design strategy through the case studies of successful washing machine manufacturers on the China`s Market. By the so called 4PS comparison of Haier washing machines with those of Siemens and Little Swan, this paper shows the difference of Haier`s design strategy with other competitors, and offers a methodology of systematically analyzing strategic design and successfully develops a framework of design strategy.
The KOSPI Market Flow and the Investment Position among Investors Group
Lee, Kyu-Keum ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 374~384
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.374
In this paper, characteristics of transactions by investors were examined based on the relationship between South Korea`s stock market trends and the amount of net purchasing by investors. The study period is from January of 2004 to December of 2011, a total 1,991 days on 96 months. Data used for correlation and regression analysis include the value of the KOSPI index at the end of each month, the monthly net purchase amount of each of the groups, as well the daily volume, the daily price. In this study, the long-term phase of the market divided by refining. and each of the investment position of invest group was investigated. As a result, foreign investors are a net selling position when market was rising phase of the tertiary. And private investors were a net short positions when the market was decline phase of the tertiary. Regardless of the flow changes, the private investors had opposite position to the flow of the mark, also they had opposite position to the position of the foreign investors.
Enhancing Corporate Capability through Changes in Shift System
Lee, Yeongho ; Lee, Jeong Eon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 385~392
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.385
Workshift is a method of organization of working time in which workers succeed one another at the workplace. The shift work system enables round-the-clock activities required for meeting technological needs and productive and economic demands. This study tries to find the practical implications by investigating the workshift systems which are successfully applied in two representative Korean companies, Yuhan-Kimberly and POSCO. Case study method is applied in oder to analyze the special feature of shift work systems in two companies. It is concluded that the shift system(2-4system) has positively enhanced firm`s capability including workers` satisfaction and commitment, product quality, and productivity. Specifically, the shiftwork system applied in the companies has significantly influenced on the workers` work-life balance.
Effect of Compensation Types on Workers` Organizational Commitment: A Case of Chinese Companies
Lee, Jeong Eon ; Zhao, Chen ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 393~400
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.393
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of extrinsic and intrinsic compensation on organizational commitment. It is also analyzed whether the compensation selection may play a moderating role between the types of compensation and organizational commitment. A total of 295 questionnaires from 12 Chinese companies are used for data analysis. The empirical results show that the types of compensation have a positive effect on organizational commitment. It is found a moderating effect of compensation selection only between extrinsic compensation and organizational commitment. The results reveal that more focus on external compensation and adopting a flexible benefit plan are necessary to improve organizational commitment.
Effect of Emotional Intelligence on Customer Orientation among Flight Attendants -moderating effect of social support-
Ko, Seon-Hee ; Park, Jeong-Min ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 401~413
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.401
The principal objective of this study is to examine the relationship between the emotional intelligence and customer orientation in airline service context. Moreover, this study was designed to test the moderating effect of social support to provide fundamental and practical data for airline industry. In this study, 2 hypotheses based on literature reviews were employed. A questionnaire was also developed based on previous studies. A convenience sample of 233 flight attendants was surveyed and a total of 214 usable questionnaires were analyzed. Then the data and hypotheses were examined using multiple regression analysis using SPSS 18.0. The results are as follows. Firstly, emotional intelligence was divided into `self-emotional appraisal`, `other`s emotional appraisal`, `regulation of emotion` and `use of emotion` according to the literature review. Analysis showed that emotional intelligence has partial effect on customer orientation accordingly. Secondly, social support has partial moderating effects between emotional intelligence and customer orientation. Continuous and systematic training program which build up team work should be conducted to administer `emotional intelligence`.
The Effects of Business Startup Attributes on the Overconfidence of Business Startup and Entrepreneur`s Attitude in Foodservice Industry
Song, Kyong-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 414~426
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.414
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of business startup attributes on the overconfidence of business startup and entrepreneur`s attitude in foodservice industry. To achieve this, a survey was carried out to 300 entrepreneurs in the foodservice industry through October 1 to October 30, 2012. The results were as follows. First, entrepreneur`s characteristics, funds for business startup, locations and products had a statistically significant positive effect on the overconfidence of business startup(p<.05). Second, funds for business startup, locations and products had a statistically significant positive effect on entrepreneurs` attitude(p<.01). Third, the overconfidence of business startup had a statistically significant positive effect on entrepreneurs` attitude(p<.001). The findings stated above mean that knowledge or experience related to specialized management mind as entrepreneur`s characteristic factors are just as important, and customers` use and choice of restaurants are also connected to stable management when the floating population of them are located to a suitable place in combination with product characteristics in enough financing and preparation based on this, showing entrepreneur`s positive attitude through stable management along with confidence.
Structural Causality between Service Quality, Emotional Response, Perceived Value and Satisfaction : focused on Yeosu Expo 2012
Kim, Ju-Yeon ; Choi, Hyun-Joo ; Ahn, Kyung-Mo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 427~437
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.427
This research has analyzed the influence of Yeosu Expo`s service quality on emotion, perceived value and satisfaction. First of all, the Yeosu Expo`s service quality scale was composed with five types of levels : exhibition contents, quality of performance, human service, approach convenience and necessary expense. As the result of influence analysis, exhibition contents, quality of performance and necessary expense had significant influence on attendee`s positive emotion. Exhibition contents, necessary expense and approach convenience to approach showed significant influence in perceived value, and necessary expense related to the expo had the highest influence among the three values. Also, the attendee`s positive emotion and perceived value towards service from expo was analyzed to have satisfactorily significant influence.
An Analysis on the Effect of Environmental-Friendly Planning Elements on Residential satisfaction Level of the High-Rise Residential Complex
Hwang, Jung-Man ; Lee, Joo-Hyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 438~450
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.438
The statistical analyzing of environmental-friendly planning elements is getting important because it is getting concerned with the change of residential types and environmental friendly housing. However, in terms of the high-rise residential complex, paper about green building rating system and research about residential satisfaction to residents are lack. Therefore, this paper is analyzing of impotentness and satisfaction about housing subdivision, inside of building, facility, and maintenance. In addition, residential satisfaction(satisfaction, loyalty, preference) and impact relationship of environmental-friendly planning elements are analyzed by PLS structural equation. To sum up, first, improving of green building rating system in housing subdivision is impacted on loyalty if satisfaction was fulfilled. Second, increasing of environmental-friendly planning elements in inside of building is impacted on loyalty if both satisfaction and preference were fulfilled. Third, providing of green building rating system in facility and maintenance is analyzed as preference, but satisfaction hypotheses is not valued.
Developing and Evaluation of Coordinated Semi-Actuated Signal Control for Field Application
Park, Soon-Yong ; Lee, Suk-Ki ; Jeong, Jun-Hwa ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 451~462
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.451
In this paper, Coordinated Semi-Actuated Signal Control algorithm was developed and evaluated. According to the analysis of simulation, the coordinated semi-actuated signal control led to reduced vehicle delay as the difference of traffic volume between major and minor streets was getting bigger. But when there was relatively high traffic volume, or the equivalent amount of traffic volume on major and minor streets, optimized pre-timed signal control was verified to lower delay times compared to coordinated semi-actuated signal control; however, it might increase pedestrian delay. Therefore, the coordinated semi-actuated signal control should be implemented at intersections where traffic volume is relatively low.
Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Sliding Response of Unconstrained Objects to Base Excitations
Lee, Sang Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 463~469
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.463
Safety related devices unconstrained temporally in the process of operation of nuclear power plants could be damaged by the sliding during seismic activity. In this study sliding response of unconstrained objects to the base excitations is studied experimentally and analytically. In experiments static and dynamic tests to determine the coefficient of friction and the shaking table experiments to verify the sliding response of the analytic results were conducted. Numerical solutions by solving the nonlinear differential equations of motion governing sliding were found by the computer program using the step by step acceleration method. The exact solutions of the sliding response to the simple forms of base excitations were found to verify the computer program developed in this study. Relative displacement envelopes were suggested as a colliding criteria of the unconstrained objects.
A Case of Developing Teacher Training System at the Office of Education and Its Implications
Park, Soo Jung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 470~481
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.470
This study aims to describe how to develop a teacher training system and provide basic datum and implications for offices of education. In order to achieve this, the teacher training system for "A" Office of Education was organized into 3 major categories; method, grounds and results. The teacher training system was developed according to the characteristics and needs of "A" which included status analysis, need analysis, foreign and a domestic training case analysis of school districts and companies, a literature review, as well as consultation with a group of experts. The model of the teacher training system for "A" Office of Education consisted of a vision, goals, a strategy and a four programs (4S Project) that was created based on this model. This study proposed to build visions of teacher training based on the vision and goals of the Office of Education, to create programs based on vision of teacher training and to develop a strategy that can be implemented.
Korean Plosive Produced by Chinese Speaker
Jiang, Pan ; Kim, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Choong-Woo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 482~489
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.482
The purposes of this study are (1) to see if the length of residence in Korea affects to the VOT values of Korean plosives produced by Chinese speakers (2) to investigate if such VOT values are different in non-sense words and real words and (3) to find out how such VOT values are related to the native Korean speakers` understanding of the words. For these purposes, eighteen Chinese speakers` VOT values of Korean plosives were measured using Speech Analyzer and their pronunciations were evaluated by three native Korean speakers. The results show that there is no effect of both (1) length of residence in Korea and (2) production of non-sensed words and sensed words. In addition, it is noticed that VOT values of some plosives affect more to the native Korean speakers` understanding of the words, while some are not.
Effects of Learning Strategies, Negative Affect, and Academic·Social Adaptation on Academic Achievement: Moderating Effects of Gender
Park, Wan-Sung ; Jeong, Goo-Churl ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 490~499
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.490
This research was conducted to verify the moderating effect of gender, which impacts learning strategy, negative emotions, and influence that university life adjustment of undergraduates has on academic achievement. Therefore, this survey was conducted on learning strategy and negative emotion in February, targeting 654 freshmen of a university in Seoul on their academic and social adaptation and grades which has been measured and analyzed three months later at the end of the term. The moderating effect according to genders was analyzed through hierarchical regression analyses, and diagram was presented after conducting the simple gradient verification as a post analysis on interactive effect. As a result of analysis, although learning strategy and academic adaptation was appeared to be significantly affecting grades regardless of gender, the impact of negative emotions on academic achievement were significant only to females, and the impact of social adaptation on academic achievement was significant only to males, which enabled the researchers to confirm the regulation effects on different genders. The implications and proposal for a follow-up study about learning strategy, emotion, and adaptation based on the research resulted in the discussion of academic achievement in university.
Providing High School Students with Online Instruction for Optional Curriculum
Jeong, Youn-Sik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 500~508
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.500
Due to a lack of teachers and available classrooms, high school students are not able to take the elective courses of their choice. In order to solve this problem with online instruction, I have used the following methods: First, I conducted a literature study to examine the concepts and models of online instruction. Second, I compared the number of students who took the CSAT subject tests with the number of students who enrolled in optional courses through KEDI`s Education Statistics Services. Using the data gathered from this comparison, I could predict the demand for each optional course. Finally, I proposed amending the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; the Enforcement Decree of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; the General Statement Curriculum of High Schools; and the Guidelines for Recording School through the expert interviews for on-line instruction in order to establish online instruction for high school students.
Understanding of Resilience and Its Application through Small Group Activities in Christian Universities
Bong, Won Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 14, issue 3, 2014, Pages 509~521
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.03.509
The purpose of this study is to find the correlation between elements of resilience and small group activities in the university, and to explore small group activities as a protective and a positive factor in controlling the stress of college students. As the first part of the study, positive roles of resilience to the stress of college students and the elements that promote the efficiency of resilience are analyzed. The study precedent in detail and four elements of resilience are presented as following; optimistic realism, vitality, ability to control emotion, and interpersonal ability, addressing the faith in God is one of the strong positive factors for developing resilience. Then, this study deals with how the four elements of resilience relates to the characteristics of small group activities. In conclusion, this study suggests Christian universities to develop small group activities because they can develop each of the four elements of resilience of college students. Christian universities have a missional duty and the responsibility to help college students experience real happiness in their lives. Therefore, if Christian universities understand the effectiveness of resilience of college students and find out the correlation between resilience and faith, they can help students not only to live a positive life in their generation, but also to experience the authentic happiness.