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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 12 - Dec 2015
Volume 15, Issue 11 - Nov 2015
Volume 15, Issue 10 - Oct 2015
Volume 15, Issue 9 - Sep 2015
Volume 15, Issue 8 - Aug 2015
Volume 15, Issue 7 - Jul 2015
Volume 15, Issue 6 - Jun 2015
Volume 15, Issue 5 - May 2015
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Apr 2015
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Mar 2015
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Feb 2015
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
Selecting the target year
A System for Personalized Tour Recommendation Based on Ontology
Park, Yeonjin ; Song, Kyunga ; Whang, Jaewon ; Chang, Byeong-Mo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.001
We propose and implement a personalized tour recommendation system based on ontology. We utilize user`s profile, dynamic information on search in the application, web search, and facebook for personalized recommendation. We construct tour database for England based on ontology for a demo service, and recommend tour spot considering an individual preference with tour database. This dynamic and personalized tour service makes it possible for individual to plan one`s own tour by considering recommended tour spots for each individual.
Color Image Zero-Watermarking on DCT Domain through Comparison of Two Channels
Kim, HyoungDo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 11~20
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.011
Digital watermarking provides electronic means for proving the copyrights of distributed digital media copies. Research on digital watermarking for images is recently directed toward that for color images extensively used in real life, based on the substantial results in digital watermarking for gray-scale images. Color images have multiple channels, each of which corresponds to a gray-scale image. While there are some watermarking techniques for color images that just apply those for gray-scale images to one channel of the color images, the correlation characteristics between the channels are not considered in them. This paper proposes a zero-watermarking technique that makes keys via combining an image dependent watermark, created through comparing two channels of the color image and copyright watermark scrambled. Due to zero-watermarking, it does not change anything of cover(host) images. Watermark images are robust against some common attacks such as sharpening, blurring, JPEG lossy compression, scaling, and cropping.
Implementation of Massive FDTD Simulation Computing Model Based on MPI Cluster for Semi-conductor Process
Lee, Seung-Il ; Kim, Yeon-Il ; Lee, Sang-Gil ; Lee, Cheol-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 21~28
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.021
In the semi-conductor process, a simulation process is performed to detect defects by analyzing the behavior of the impurity through the physical quantity calculation of the inner element. In order to perform the simulation, Finite-Difference Time-Domain(FDTD) algorithm is used. The improvement of semiconductor which is composed of nanoscale elements, the size of simulation is getting bigger. Problems that a processor such as CPU or GPU cannot perform the simulation due to the massive size of matrix or a computer consist of multiple processors cannot handle a massive FDTD may come up. For those problems, studies are performed with parallel/distributed computing. However, in the past, only single type of processor was used. In GPU`s case, it performs fast, but at the same time, it has limited memory. On the other hand, in CPU, it performs slower than that of GPU. To solve the problem, we implemented a computing model that can handle any FDTD simulation regardless of size on the cluster which consist of heterogeneous processors. We tested the simulation on processors using MPI libraries which is based on `point to point` communication and verified that it operates correctly regardless of the number of node and type. Also, we analyzed the performance by measuring the total execution time and specific time for the simulation on each test.
An Empirical Analysis on Citizens` Awareness of an Intangible Cultural Heritage
Oh, Jung-Shim ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 29~36
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.029
This study aims to examine the problems that transmissions of an intangible cultural heritage in Korea may be cut off because of the public indifference, low demand for it and lack of government funding and seek ways to revitalize an intangible cultural heritage by increasing citizens` awareness of it and demand for it. According to recent studies, many holders of important intangible cultural properties have a difficulty doing because government funding is not enough to make their living and people who want to learn and pass on traditional skills keep decreasing. Many experts say that governments need to increase citizens` awareness of an intangible cultural heritage and demand for it in the long run to solve this problem, but governments focus on improving condition of holders rather than that. On this account, this study criticizes the government`s policy and surveys citizens` awareness of an intangible cultural heritage and demand for it and suggests a plan of revitalizing an intangible cultural heritage.
Overcome the Screen Limitations of Smartwatch
Wang, Lin ; Son, Yu Jin ; Lim, Da Eun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 37~46
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.037
Nowadays, given the popularity of wearable devices, The smartwatch is considered as the leading product category and taking the main share of wearable device market. So far smartwatch is only used as an accessorial device of smart phones due to its screen size. The objective of this study is to review literatures and find solutions to overcome the screen limitations. In the literature review, several methods are introduced including using other devices as output devices, other object as screens by projecting technologies, and enlarging screen size by flexible display. Based on that, possible solutions including seamless display and user-centered interaction methods were investigated. Future research directions were also introduced at the end of this study.
History and Characteristics of Original Play of Yeonwoo Stage
Shin, Sa-Bin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 47~60
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.047
Original play of theatrical troupe Yeonwoo Stage has gone through history represented by (i) the development period of "research on play," (ii) the resistance/growth period of "play movement," (iii) the prime/segmentation period of "metaphor for reality," (iv) the crisis/transition period of "rediscovery of reality," and (v) the challenge/advancement period of the "active development of repertoire." "Collective creation" based on the singe-representative system was a solution to overcome difficult circumstances, crisis facing the theatrical troupe and the lack of resources in the development period and the resistance/growth period, "co-creation" based on the five-representative system, the two-representative system, the system of an operation committee consisting five members, etc. in the prime/segmentation period and the crisis/transition period, and "planning and production" based on the single-producer system in the challenge/advancement period. "Collective creation" system was operated by the entire theatrical troupe, which was led by a director; "co-creation" system was operated by performers, who were directed by a director (-playwriter); and "planning and production" system was operated both internally and externally and was led by a producer. During its long history of developing original play, Yeonwoo Stage has (i) expanded the scope of Korean-style narrative, (ii) succeeded collective creation culture to the next generation, (iii) followed the trend of the times, (iv) attempted to attract popular empathy.
Design Style Analysis of Jeju Naewotdang Musindo Folk 10 God`s Paintings
Kang, Younsim ; Park, Youngwon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 61~71
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.061
Developing cultural contents in cultural creativity industry is very practical process recently. Research about Jeju`s legend and myth should be the basic theory for cultural contents development based on local cultures. Jeju Naewotdang Musindo 10 gods paintings are unique colored pictures, appointed as Jeju folklore material No.7 and national important folklore material No. 240. Jeju-Do is remained the springhead of absorbed into unique culture for a long time because of Jeju`s geographical environment condition. Jeju Musindo could be related with the symbol of Jeju`s myth images and the springhead of emotions of our typical country people. It would be analysed by Wucius Wong`s design style theory for approaching visual image and symbolic meaning. This research about Jeju Naewotdang Musindo 10 gods paintings could provide design analysis methodology for further theoretical studies about Jeju`s legend and myth for Jeju`s unique cultural contents.
Design Preference & Consumer Trend of Younger Children`s Parents for Smart Animal Toy
Hyun, Eunja ; Yoon, Hyunmin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 72~83
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.072
The purpose of this study was firstly, to explore the design preference, consumer experience and purchasing factors of parents for smart animal toys and secondly, investigate whether there is a difference by children`s sex and age. For this purpose, the questionnaire survey was conducted with 344 parents of younger children in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. As a result, the white or brown colored 20~30cm, dog-type smart toy was preferred and the sound was considered as the most important function. Besides role of toy, smart toy was expected to play as a pet, a friend and a younger sibling. Actually, dog-type smart toy were most frequently purchased. And main satisfied causes were fun, interactivity and design and dissatisfied causes were noise, price, battery life and durability of purchased smart toys. Finally, the important factors in purchasing smart toy were the safety, durability, battery life, sustainable play, education and washability. The parents` preference, customer experience and purchasing factors showed little significant differences according to the sex and the age of the children. This research will be useful in understanding parents purchasing activity of smart animal toys and provide valuable data for function construction, design and service planning necessary to develop the smart animal toy.
Boundary-Spanning Roles in Strategic Approach to Coping with Environmental Uncertainty in the Area of Performing Arts Organization
Park, Moonsik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 84~95
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.084
The aim of this research is to find out how to cope with and manage environmental uncertainty to be effective. Environmental conditions of complexity and change create a greater need to gather information and to respond based on that information. Despite of the governmental campaign `creative economy, flourishing culture`, governmental subsidies are becoming more unstable. The prosperity of culture means that artists can create great works and people can enjoy them without boundaries. This research investigated Boundary-spanning roles through the strategic formulation and implementation. Key factors of strategy are information and knowledge management. Boundary-spanning roles link and coordinate an organization with important elements in the external environment. It is primarily concerned with the exchange of information to detect and bring into the organization information about changes in the environment and send information into the environment that presents the organization in a favorable light. Two themes in this article are that organizations can learn and adapt to the environment and that organizations can change and control the environment.
The Empirical Analysis of Differences in Recognition of the Genders in the Media Facade
Lee, Young-Woo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 96~105
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.096
Recently, the Department has utilized the media facade as a means to attract new customers and promotional tools. In particular, we checked the rate of customer`s gender who visited a large department store. The ratio of women`s visit is 4.6 times more than men. This can confirm the need to produce a differentiated content of LED media facade by gender. This study are subject to an empirical analysis of differences of perception of evaluation factors of media facade in gender. At first we specified four factors which can evaluate the media facade according to gender by previous studies. There are aesthetics, artistry, comfort and harmony. And the hypothesis was set as "Each factor might be differences between the recognition of their gender" In order to verify a hypothesis the country`s large department store was selected and experiment was performed. In the result of the experiment, among the four factors, aesthetics, creativity, and harmony were chosen, while comfort was dismissed. This results confirm that the following factors are needed to attract more women`s customer at the department such as combination of space and media facade, combination of shape and color, appropriateness of the information and beautiful place, and directing way of content.
Improvement Plan of the Local Government Audit System
Park, Jong-Gwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 106~117
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.106
Audit system of local self-government has a problem in many sectors, for the development of local autonomy, improvement of these issues is essential. The purpose of this study was to improve the present problems by looking at the problems of local governments audit system. The problem with local governments audit system are as follows. First, the non-efficiency and redundancy of internal and external audit exist. Second, in terms of audit organization and mechanism of local government, independence is deficient. Third, the expertise is lacking in terms of audit personnel. Fourth, it is insufficient effectiveness ensure regarding the processing of the Audit Office at the time and results. Improvement plan of the problems of local governments audit system are as follows. First, the unification of the country and local governments of the audit and there is a need to establish a legal system on the local audit. Second, the establishment of independent internal audit mechanism for ensuring the independence of the internal audit mechanism. Third, introducing a variety of personnel system related to the human resources of audit personnel and there is a need and strengthening of education and training to the audit personnel. Fourth, the public of the audit, community participation, and etc results in the effectiveness and democratic ensuring of audit.
Improving the Effectiveness of Crime Prevention of Child Safety Keeper System -Focusing on the Influence of Job Satisfaction-
Kim, Jung-Gyu ; Kim, Moon-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 118~125
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.118
According to the children`s crime risk is increased, national police agency has implemented child safety keeper system since 2009. Despite the importance of child safety keeper studies, there was no seeking of empirical research and development plan for the operation. The purpose of the study is to find ways to improve the effectiveness of the child safety keeper system. To achieve the research objectives, all the child safety keepers were surveyed by quota sampling in the 16 provincial police agency. Questionnaire analyzed by frequency analysis, t-test, Avova, multiple regression analysis. The result of analysis is the need to strengthen links with child safety keeping house, participatory setting for the patrol route, the improvement of education management and supervision, adequacy of allowance, strengthening contact with children for job success awareness.
Beneficiary Status according to Registration by Fraudulent Act and Effects of Illegally Revision Registration
Kim, Keon-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 126~133
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.126
According to the traditional precedent, if a beneficiary who completed a provisional registration as a result of reservation of trade which is a fraudulent act, then assigned the right acquired by the provisional registration to the third party who has no information of the process, and let the third party complete an additional registration transfer the provisional registration, and if the third party completed the main registration on the foundation of the provisional registration, the beneficiary cannot be the other party of the litigation requesting for the cancellation of registration of the provisional registration. As the result, an apprehension that the duty to recovery of the beneficiary could easily be acquitted of a charge has existed. But, it is considered as desirable that the judicial decision judged that the court recognized the qualification of the defendant as appropriate at this case, with a different view from the precedent, and then the defendant can file the litigation against the beneficiary, requesting for cancellation of the reservation of trade which is a fraudulent act.
A Technical Approach to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder of the Sewol Ferry Victims` Parents
Park, Gi-Muk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 134~145
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.134
It has been 1 year since Sewol Ferry disaster occurred in the Gwanmaedo sea of Jindo, Jeollanamdo, on Apr. 16, 2014. The Sewol Ferry Disaster which took 304 lives and had some victims still missed has become the largest tragic accident in Korea since 2010. Although one year has passed since the disaster, there is no psychological communication research on the trauma of the victims` families. This study first investigated the actual state of the Sewol Ferry victims` parents suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after their losses of children by the disaster. This study revealed that the victims` families suffer from physical and psychological the PTSD but neglect treatment. The PTSD still influences their daily life. It was observed that the victims` families have a lot of difficulties with interpersonal relationship, relationship with co-workers, residence, values, and other kinds of daily life. Given that the victims` families have a great deal of PTSD after the disaster, the academic circle needs to make discussions of the issue actively in order to heal the pains of the Sewol Ferry victims` families who are unattended in our society.
Influence of Covert Narcissism on the SNS Addiction Proneness in University Student: Mediating Effect of Anger Expression
Jeong, Goo-Churl ; Moon, Jong-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 146~156
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.146
The purpose of this study was to identify the mediating effect of anger expression between covert narcissism and SNS addiction proneness. It was conducted to measure anger expression, covert narcissism, and SNS addiction proneness from 252(132 male, 120 female) university students. The mediating effect was analyzed through Preacher and Hayes` SPSS Macro and bootstrapping analysis. As a result of analysis, first, there were positive relationship among covert narcissism, anger expression, and SNS addiction proneness. Second, anger-out had significant mediating effect within the relationship of covert narcissism and SNS addiction proneness. Third, anger-out had significant mediating effect within the relationship of covert narcissism and disturbance of adaptive life and control failure, preoccupation and tolerance, avoidance of negative emotions. Forth, anger-in and anger-control had significant mediating effect within the relationship of covert narcissism and virtual life orientation and withdrawal. Implications of these results were explored in relation to the importance of covert narcissism and SNS addiction proneness. In addition, this implication and suggestions for future research are provided.
Effect of the Social Capital Discovery Program on Career Identity and Empowerment of Adolescents on Probation
Heo, Jeong-Cheol ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 157~166
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.157
The aim of this study is to understand the effects of a social capital discovery program on career identity and empowerment in adolescents under probation. As a result, it was discovered that the social capital discovery program had statistically significant differences in stability, goal orientation, distinctiveness and self-presence consciousness in the sub-area of career identity in adolescents under probation while there was no significant difference in the area of self-assertion. The social capital discovery program had statistically significant differences in internal and personal relationships among the sub-area of empowerment of the subjects while there were no significant differences in political-social areas. These results suggest that the social capital discovery program had significant effects on career identity and empowerment in adolescents under probation. In order to improve the career identity and empowerment in adolescents under probation, further studies on the social capital discovery program are needed and care should be paid to its usability.
Mediating Effect of Self-Efficacy in the Associations between Family Cohesion and School Adjustment among Adolescents
Choi, Jung-Ah ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 167~183
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.167
The purpose of this study is to examine the associations among family cohesion, self-efficacy, and school adjustment in adolescence. This study investigated these interrelationships using structural equation modeling. The results indicated that family cohesion had effects on school adjustment both directly and indirectly through self-efficacy. The mediating effect of self-efficacy was statistically significant. These results imply that family cohesion and self-efficacy need to be emphasized as a strategy to improve school adjustment among adolescents.
Factors Affecting Family Strength of Married Adults : Focused on the Family-of-Origin Experiences
Park, Hyungwon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 184~194
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.184
The present study set out to investigate influencing factors on family strength. The sample consisted of 249 male and female married adults who were in the class of social welfare in S cyber university. Analysis revealed that married adults` family strength level was 3.86(above the moderate). Among variables, marital status, religion, income, economic problems couple conflict, conflict with mother-in-law, children`s problem, family of origin experiences were associated with family strength. Regression analysis revealed that family cooperation and harmony of family were associated with family strength among 8 sub-factors : overall emotional health of family, conflict resolution, acceptance of separation and loss, permission to others, harmony of family, family cooperation, independence in extended family, power balance in family. These findings highlight the collective characteristics of Korean family and traditional values emphasizing the harmony influences the family strength through the generation.
Gender Difference of Subjective well-being of Older Adults: A Meta Analysis
Kim, Yojin ; Lim, Yeon Ok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 195~209
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.195
The purpose of this study is to conduct a meta-analysis of the research studies between the year 2000 and 2013 on the gender difference of the subjective-welling of Korean older adults. 74 research studies that meet the criteria are analyzed with SPSS and Meta-analysis macros. Results indicated that Korean elder men are better off in terms of subjective well-being (es
The Influence of Anxiety over Aging of the Elderly Group on Successful Aging and the Mediation Effect of Social Support
Kim, Jeong-Hui ; Park, Ji-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 210~222
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.210
The purpose of this study is to verify the mediation effect of social support in the influence of anxiety over aging of the elderly group on successful aging. The results of analyses are as follows: First, as anxiety over aging of the elderly group increased, the successful aging decreased. Second, in the relationship between anxiety over aging of the elderly group and social support, the social support decreased as anxiety over aging increased. Third, in the relationship between social support and successful aging, an increase of social support led to an increase in successful aging. Fourth, Old man in relationship to and successful aging of ageing in the social support mediated effect parts of their identified. Thus, this study suggests measures to decrease the anxiety over aging of the elderly group for the successful aging and proposals for the further studies in an aging society.
An Empirical Study on the Safety Consciousness of Elderly Drivers : Comparison of Commercial and Non-Commercial Drivers
Jeon, Byeong-Joo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 223~232
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.223
This study has analyzed the factors that influence the safety consciousness of elderly drivers. To achieve this, 307 elderly who drives commercial and non-commercial in Daejeon, Sejong, Chungnam and Chungbuk area were selected as study subjects. For the data analysis, PASW Statistics 18.0 was used. The main results of this study are as follows. The level of safety consciousness of commercial and non-commercial drivers were 6.49 and 6.93 respectively showing that drivers of non-commercial were significantly higher. Second, the factors that influence the safety consciousness were shown to be significantly different for each group. The factors that influence the safety consciousness of commercial drivers were shown in the order of safety-seeking motivation, economic status, daily driving hours, sensation-seeking disposition. The factors that influence the safety consciousness of non-commercial drivers were shown in the order of safety-seeking motivation, health status, whether or not the accident was experienced, sensation-seeking disposition. Based on these results, several ways were suggested to improve the safety consciousness of elderly drivers and prevent the traffic accidents.
Effects of Spouse Bereavement in Old Age on Emotion and Social Interaction
Son, Jong Mi ; Byun, Sang-Hae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 233~242
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.233
This study was carried out as a preliminary study to analyze how emotion(depression and anxiety) after spouse bereavement in old age affects social interaction and to set a direction of developing programs based on the cause and period of bereavement to promote social interaction for those bereaved people. To that end, welfare facilities and schools for the elderly and churches located in Seoul, and Suwon and Osan areas were visited and surveys were executed on 350 aged people who had experienced spouse bereavement from September 26 through October 25, 2014. Analysis was executed for 325 questionnaires out of the total of 350 using SPSS WIN 20. Study findings are as follows: first, the average of emotion and social interaction due to bereavement was not significantly different between groups; second, the average of emotion and social interaction due to bereavement period was not significantly different between groups; third, the impact of bereavement type and period statistically significant. These findings implies that social interaction programs for the aged people can be developed regardless of bereavement cause or period.
Influence of Elderly People`s Lifestyle on Successful Aging
Shin, Kun-Young ; Ko, Jae-Ug ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 243~256
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.243
This study aimed at investigating the effects of sub-variables of elderly people`s lifestyle health and leisure oriented pursuits, outdoor and challenge pursuits, security and material pursuits, family oriented pursuits, and peer oriented pursuits on what they perceive to be successful later years. The background of this study was that there has been few study on the older population in Korea with focus on their cultural and traditional norms. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of elderly people`s lifestyle on what they perceive to be successful later years, thereby identifying practical implications for better social welfare associated with successful later years. Analysis was carried out of self reported questionnaires and self-interviews with elderly people aged over 65 frequenting a welfare center for elders and a community center in a city in Korea. In order to examine the effects, a reliability test, a descriptive analysis, a correlation analysis, and a multi-regression analysis were performed. The results of the analysis for sub-variables of lifestyle showed that health and leisure oriented pursuits, outdoor and challenge pursuits, security and material pursuits, family oriented pursuits, and peer oriented pursuits had significant positive impact on successful later years. The two most influential were peer oriented and family oriented pursuits. Drawing on the results, this study suggests that what is needed for dejected and lonely elderly members in the society is to provide them with opportunities for developing and keeping good relationships with friends and family members and there is a need for a system where old people, as consumers of cultural capital, can have easy access to a variety of cultural resources and activities at a local and regional level.
The Influences of Economic, Social Factors on the Subjective Health Assessment for Baby Boomer Generation Workers -the Moderating Effect of Private Health Insurance-
Heo, Won-Gu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 257~272
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.257
This study is to verify how the economic, social and moderating effect factors of baby boomer generation workers` affect the subjective health evaluation. The subjective of this study was 1,202 workers of baby boomer generation by using the 4th data of Korea longitudinal study of aging(KLoSA) from Korea Labor Institute in 2012. Economic and social factors were selected as scales to analyze if there is meaningful difference in subjective health evaluation. Method of frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA and correlation analysis was used, and multi regression analysis was also conducted to verify whether the private health insurance has control effect over the relation between the subjective health evaluation and the economic & social factor. As a result of the study, age, education, home ownership, peer group meeting, overall satisfaction, private health insurance were major factors affecting the subjective health evaluation of baby boomer generation. Moreover private health care were turned out to have a moderation effect in relation between economic, social factor and subjective health evaluation.
Adolescent`s Self-Esteem, Environmental Characteristics and Life Satisfaction: Interaction of Positive Self-Evaluation and Negative Self-Evaluation
Jung, Deuk ; Lee, Jongseok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 273~284
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.273
This study analyzes the effects of the self-esteem on the life satisfaction of 2,040 middle school senior students using the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey 2012 Data (KCYPS 2012) provided by the National Youth Policy Institute. In the ecological perspectives, this study considers two factors which influence the life satisfaction of the students; one factor is the environmental characteristics like parent intimacy, friend intimacy, teacher intimacy and study adaptation, and the other factor is the individual characteristics. In particular, self-esteem as one of the individual characteristics is divided into two separate categories, positive self and negative self. The two categories are found to have some interaction effects on the life satisfaction at the evaluation level. The effects of the negative self-evaluation on the life satisfaction appear to be different depending on the level of the positive self-evaluation. As the level of the positive self-evaluation becomes higher, the effects of the negative self-evaluation on the life satisfaction decreases. The life satisfaction becomes higher as the level of the negative self-evaluation is lower, and the life satisfaction is not high relatively at the low level of the positive self-evaluation. These results suggest that solving the adolescent`s negative self-formation problem can not bring out the positive self-formation and there should be some plans for the positive self-formation more than simply solving the negative self- formation problem in order to improve the life satisfaction.
Relationships of Stigma, Family Support, and Quality of Life in Tuberculosis Patients
Park, Su-Jung ; An, Minjeong ; So, Hyang-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 285~294
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.285
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships between stigma, family support, and quality of life in tuberculosis patients. Methods: The participants were 122 who completed a questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANOVA. Results: The score of stigma I(community perspectives) was
and the score of stigma II(patients perspectives) was
. The score of those with family support was
. The score of QOL was
. The findings showed significant positive relationships between stigma I and stigma II and between family support and QOL(r
The Effect of Organizational Adaptation of Workers` Adversity Quotation
An, Ji-Yeon ; Kim, Hye-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 295~306
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.295
The study examined the adversity quotient to determine the organizational adaptation among office workers in Korea. Participants were 202 adults who work in general offices in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. Data were collected from August to October in 2013. Adversity quotient was measured using Stoltz`s Adversity Quotient Profile(AQP) and Correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were done. In result, adversity quotient was significantly related with emotional intelligency and resilience. Multiple regression revealed that adversity quotient emerged as the most significant predictor of organizational adaptation. Adversity Quotient Profile could be a useful tool to measure the capacity of overcoming the adversity and applied to develop the education contents or program strategies.
Factors Affecting Nursing Productivity of Clinical Nurses: Focused on Emotional Intelligence and Burnout
Cho, Hoe-Kyung ; Choi, Yun-Jeong ; Jeon, Mi-Kyung ; Jung, Gye-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 307~316
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.307
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence, burnout and nursing productivity, to find the factors for nursing productivity need to the efficient management of nursing organization. 255 nurses were collected a structured questionnaire by convenience sampling with 300 beds, Nov. 12-Dec. 26 in 2013. Data were processed SPSS 17.0, using t-test, one way ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson`s correlation coefficient, and enter multiple regression analysis. These results showed a significant negative correlation between emotional intelligence and burnout, a significant positive correlation between emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence, total clinical experence, burnout and position had a significant influence on nursing productivity, Nursing productivity explained 43.4% of the variation. Therefore, it demanded that to build the infrastructure for the nursing organization of carrer management, to improve emotional intelligence, to design diverse intervention program for the nurses, to reduce burnout, and to increase work productivity.
Psychometric Test of Korean Version of Self-Efficacy and Outcome Expectations for Restorative Care Activities Scale among Nurses
Jung, Dukyoo ; Byun, Jinyee ; Lee, Minkyung ; Kim, Hyejin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 317~328
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.317
The purpose of this study is to measure the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the self-efficacy for restorative care activity (K-SERCA) scale and the outcome expectations for restorative care activity (K-OERCA) scale. Psychometric testing was given to 187 nurses who have worked in 69 long-term care facilities in South Korea via post service and personal visit. Data were collected via structured-questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0 and AMOS 22.0. Content, construct validity using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), criterion validity and internal consistency reliability were conducted. The K-SERCA scale had factor loading of the 10 items ranged from .74 to .87, and was validated by confirmatory factor analysis (CFI
Subjectivity on Communication Styles of Nursing Freshmen : Q Methodological Approach
Park, Jeoung-Weon ; Jung, You-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 329~341
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.329
The purpose of this study was to identify the types of subjectivity on communication styles of nursing freshmen and explore their properties by using the Q Methodology. Fifty nursing freshmen of P sample classified 55 Q-statements into the normal distribution of 11 point scale. Data were collected from May to June, 2015 and analyzed by using PC-QUANL program. As a result, communication styles are identified as `Open-interaction facilitator`, `Other-considerate listener`, `Tense-sensitive to criticism person`, and `Non-interactive observer`. Open-interaction facilitators proficiently use verbal and nonverbal expressions, openly disclosing themselves and facilitating interactions with others. Other-considerate listeners primarily consider others before themselves, with careful communication. Tense-sensitive to criticism persons are nervous, sensitive to criticism, and are distractive style, so they have difficulties in intimate interaction with others. Non-interactive observers are bystanders who observe others and feel indifferent to interactions, without any self disclosure. The result of this study will be used for developing communication educational programs for nursing freshmen.
Life Experience of Female College Student with Atopic Dermatitis
Oh, Yun-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 342~350
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.342
This study was done to explore the meaning and nature of life world on female college students with atopic dermatitis. The hermeneutic phenomenological method which was developed by Van Manen was used. Methods: The data were collected in two months through individual in-depth interviews using open-ended questions. A total of nine women with atopic dermatitis participated in the study. Results: Essential themes that fit into the context of the four existential grounds of body, other people, space and time were: rage against the body, the conflict with symptoms, unacceptable life, continued efforts. Conclusion: This study provides deep understanding of female students with atopic dermatitis who are relatively alienated from society. Based on the results of the study, health professionals could develop effective nursing interventions to improve quality of life of these women.
Recent Research Trends in Dementia Discourse : Tasks, Transcription and Measures
Kim, Bo Seon ; Kim, HyangHee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 351~363
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.351
Discourse analysis is useful for examining discourse characteristics of dementia patients and differentiating them from normal adults. However, inconsistent tasks, transcription methods and measures have been utilized, thus analyses were inevitably unsystematic. The purpose of this study was to investigate tasks, transcription methods and measures of discourse studies in dementia. Studies on dementia discourses written in English were collected via Scopus database containing abstracts and citations from 2005 to 2014, and were analyzed in detail. From the results, the most frequently used task was `storytelling-topic`. It was observed that use of consistent transcription conventions rendered more reliable transcription data. Measures could be categorized into coherence, cohesion, productivity, propositional syntactic lexical analysis, and fluency, and each category belonged to discourse processing levels (i.e., processing of conceptual networks, propositions, and natural language units). In conclusion, future research warrants not only utilization of discourse tasks depending on dementia types and features, but also application of consistent transcription conventions. Additionally, measures based on the discourse processing theory would enable us to systematically interpret discourse studies.
Effect of Self-efficacy Promoting Reducing Alcohol Program on Drinking related Knowledge, Drinking Outcome Expectancy and Problematic Drinking Behavior of Women College Students
Park, Gyung ; Choi, Soon-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 364~373
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.364
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of self-efficacy promoting reducing alcohol program on drinking related knowledge, drinking refusal self-efficacy, drinking outcome expectancy and problematic drinking behavior of women college students over 8 scores of AUDIT-K. Methods: Data were collected from 22 students with intervention program in the experimental group and 24 students with no intervention program in the control group and analyzed using
, t-test and ANCOVA. Results: The Drinking related knowledge(F
Subjective Oral Symptoms between Multicultural and Ordinary Korean Families; Adolescents
Park, Ji-Hye ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 374~383
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.374
The purpose of this study was to clarify differences between adolescents from multicultural and ordinary Korean families in subjective oral symptoms. Moreover, this will be provide information in the policy making process that enhancing health equity. Data of 66,857 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years were derived from the 10th Korean Youth`s Risk Web-based Study, which was conducted in 2014. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that subjective oral symptoms were related with sex, age, academic achievement, paternal education, maternal education, subjective economic status, residential type, smoking, alcohol consumption, drinking soft drink, eating fruits, eating snacks, and tooth brushing frequency. In conclusion, welfare and health services for multicultural family should be expanded and those ought to focus on increasing multicultural youth at the same time.
Push-Shear Bond Strength of Veneering Ceramics and Zirconia Ceramic
Ahn, Jae-Seok ; No, Hyeong-Rok ; Lee, Jung-Hwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 384~394
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.384
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the push-shear bond strength between five commercial zirconia veneering ceramics and zirconia core cylinder, and to investigate the effect of biaxial flexural strength and zirconia liner glass treatments. The biaxial flexural strengths of the veneering ceramics were evaluated by a piston-on-three-ball test. The bond strengths between the Y-TZP cylinder and zirconia veneering ceramics were evaluated using the push-shear bond strength test. The data was analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Scheffe`s test. The biaxial flexural strength of Cercon ceram kiss (CE) was higher than those of the other groups. The glass-treated and Triceram zirconia groups showed the highest value and the Creation ZI(CR) showed the lowest. In all groups, the liner glass treatment groups showed significantly higher push-shear bond strength than those without(P<0.05). The liner glass treatments of zirconia can improve the bond strength between the zirconia ceramic core and veneering ceramics.
Evaluation 4D-CT Simulation used of Motion Organ and Tumor for Respiratory Gated Radiation Therapy
Kim, Seung-Chul ; Kim, Min-A ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 395~402
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.395
when the radiation therapy of chest and abdomen, evaluation of the tumor motion and the data was used to minimize damage to normal tissues by separating the tumor and normal tissue and maximize tumor therapeutic effect. Lung and liver cancer each 20 patients based on the 50% top phase using 4D-CT simulation and Light speed-16 of shooting equipment 30 ~ 70 % gating phase interval and 0 ~90 % movement in the full phase interval was measured. If the full phase 0 ~ 90% with gating phase 30~70% of tumors in the liver and lung is shown the biggest difference compared to the motion and the size of the GTV was the largest difference in the I(inferior), full phase 0~90% degree of tumor motion only when a relatively large, gating phase to 30~70% of the tumor when the movement has been found that the reduced average 7.1mm. In the 4D-CT simulation comparing the motion value when the full phase 0~90 % and gating phase 30~70 % when the motion value, twice in the gating phase 30~70 % more than full phase 0~90 % showed a small movement value. The exposure to normal tissues, based on the results obtained from the 4D-CT simulation can be significantly alleviated, After treatment will reduce pain and disability in patients with radiation is expected to be able to effective treatment.
Development of MRI Simulator Early Diagnosis Program for Self Learning
Jeong, Cheon-Soo ; Kim, Chong-Yeal ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 403~410
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.403
Since 1970, MRI has greatly been developing in terms of strength of magnetic field, the number of receipt channels, and short time of examination. With the development of digital systems and wireless network, hospitals have also acquired, saved, and managed digital images taken by various kinds of medical imaging equipment. However, domestic universities fail to provide practice training course independently thanks to expensive practice equipment and high maintenance cost, and rely on clinical training. Therefore, this study developed a MR patient diagnosis program based on Windows PC to help out students before their working in clinical filed. The designed Relational Database of MRI Simulator is made up of seven tables according to functions and data characteristics. Regarding the designed patient information, each stepwise function was classified by the patient registration method in clinical field. In addition, on the assumption of the basic information for diagnosis, each setting and content were classified. The menu by execution step was arrayed on the left side for easy view. For patient registration, a patient`s name, gender, unique ID, birth date, weight, and other types of basic information were entered, and the patient`s posture and diagnosis direction were set up. In addition, the body regions for diagnosis and Pulse Sequence were listed for selection. Also, Protocol name and other additional factors were allowed to be entered. The final window was designed to check diagnosis images, patient information, and diagnosis conditions. By learning how to enter patient information and change diagnosis conditions in this program, users will be able to understand more theories and terms learned in practice and thereby to shorten their learning time in actual clinical work.
The Objective Image Analysis for HCC and HH with a Axial Image of Liver CT Scan
Hwang, In-Gil ; Ko, Seong-Jin ; Choi, Seok-Yoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 411~417
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.411
To distinguish between HCC and HH is one of the important test methods in determining the treatment method by determining the treatment method by distinguishing malignant growth and benign tumors in liver CT scan. Currently, the specialist is reading CT images by their subjective judgment. So, the purpose of this study is to treat reading the CT images even more objective way. The test times after injection contrast medium in this study are the before injection phase(Pre.), artery phase(35sec), portal phase(70sec) and delay phase(180sec). The general pattern change of HCC in change of contrast enhancement pattern shows 26.6% matching. And the case of HH shows 16.6% matching. In order to observe the change of HU value between HCC and HH, each average values and standard deviation was confirm and as a result, it shows the lagre difference between artery and portal phase in lesion.(HCC
). And it shows the 76.6% matching in HCC and 80.0% matching in HH. Thorough this study, to suggest a HU value as objective analysis method and if the anlaysis method was used in clinical will assist in the diagnosis.
A study of Brain Micro-PET Imaging and Bindingpotential with a Different Specific Activity of 18F-Fallypride in the Small Animal
Cho, Kyu-Sang ; Ahn, Sung-Min ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 418~424
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.418
In this study, we proceed if there are any changes in binding ability of receptor-ligand in some degree of SA and in radioactive uptake from the corpus striatum based on small animal experiment in vivo based on the S.A values. By dividing 18F-Fallypride into 3 S.A values(high S.A : 43.29~74 GBq/umol, ordinary S.A : 20.72~29.23 GBq/umol, low S.A : 6.29~8.51 GBq/umol), we injected directly into the veins and performed 90 minutes of dynamic scan using Micro PET. After scanning, we compared and analyzed with Binding Potential (Binding Potential) from the bilateral striatum. high SA and low SA, ordinary SA and low SA showed significant differences. Also, in the image comparison using 18F-Fallypride show high radioactive uptake in the striatum at high SA and ordinary SA, but the radioactive uptake at low SA is lower than other two SA. Since 18F-Fallypride has affinity to dopamine D2/3 pharmacokinetic, the difference of Binding Potentials at decreased level of SA values was not that significant. However, further PET research of the corpus striatum using 18F-Fallypride is necessary because the differences in images and Binding Potentials at 6.5 times smaller SA values compared to high SA value showed were significant.
The Course of Schema Activation in Processing of Humor Text
Choi, Young-Geon ; Shin, Hyun-Jung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 425~435
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.425
Though most researchers studying humor in recent years agree that `incongruity` is essential factor of humor elicitation, they have different views in the course of schema activation in processing humor text. One of the different views on schema activation in processing humor text is wether schemata are activated concurrently or selectively. While concurrent activation view suggests that different schemata are concurrently activated because we perceive them at the same time, selective activation view suggests that different schemata are selectively activated because we use selective attention for their perception. This study was conducted to verify these two different views. We clarified that different schemata were activated in processing of humor text, and we examined whether Vaid`s experiment failed or not. Experiment was designed mixed 2 (schema1, schema2)
3 (setup, incongruity, resolution)
(humor, control) factorial design and latin square counterbalancing. As a result of experiment, we got data that different schemata were activated in the course of `Incongruity` at the same time. Most of all, the activated schemata were kept activation in the course of `Resolution`. This result suggest that different schemata were activated concurrently.
An Empirical Study on Factors Influencing Brand Attitude and Customer Loyalty in China`s Smartphone Market
Fan, Liu ; Moon, Jae-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 436~444
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.436
The China smartphone market saw continuous growth since 2010, with total smartphone users up to 5,190 million by the end of 2014. For marketers, it seems some careful consideration will be required when it comes to deciding on how to capture loyal customers to bring profit for a company. Thus, this study aims to develop a model to investigate the factors influencing customer loyalty through brand attitude in China`s smartphone market. Twelve research hypotheses derived from this model are validated using a field survey of Sumsung smartphone users in China. The results indicate that customer loyalty is jointly influenced by brand loyalty and perceived product quality. At the same time, critical mass and perceived product quality has a significant influence on brand image.
Impact of Differentials in Gas Prices on Consumers` Shopping Behaviors
Lee, Jeongeun ; Jung, Hojin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 445~453
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.445
We empirically investigated how differentials in gasoline prices influenced consumers` shopping behaviors at the gas pump. Among dimensions of many gas shopping behaviors, we focused on consumer decisions of purchase quantity and locations and found that price differentials across regions had statistically significant and negative effects on two consumers` decisions. Our findings provide important implications for the future research on gasoline demand and make a substantial contribution to empirical knowledge about how consumers make purchases in the gasoline retail industry.
Effect of Motivations and Satisfaction using Kakaotalk`s Gift on the Frequency of Purchasing Kakaotalk`s Gift
Cho, SeungHo ; Cho, SangHoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 454~464
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.454
In this study, we examined the motivations of using Kakaotalk`s gift that is one of services provided by Kakaotalk, the most popular mobile-based messenger. We also investigated possible effects of these motivations on the satisfaction of the Kakaotalk`s service and a potential association of these motivations with the frequency of purchasing gifts using the service. In order to answer the research questions, we conducted a survey that recruited 220 users ranging from teenagers to in forties. As the main results of analysis, we identified four different types of user`s motivations for Kakaotalk`s gift: beneficial motivation, convenient motivation, improvised buying motivation, and entertaining motivation. Both the beneficial motivation and the entertaining motivation were significantly associated with the gratification of using Kakaotalk`s gift, which was in turn significantly associated with the frequency of purchasing gifts through the service.
The Effects of Parent Company Image on Brand Portfolio Evaluation
Song, Sangyeon ; Lee, Yoonjae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 465~477
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.465
Today`s companies build strong brand assets which, through the expansion of other business areas, promote efficient corporate management. Many companies manage brand assets among through a multitude of brand groups using brand portfolios rather than the single brand strategy. Such brand group influence can be related not only to brand group expansion, but also to parent company brands and product brand groups. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of parent corporate brand associations on brand portfolio evaluation. The results of the present study is as follows: positive parent corporate brand image was revealed to play a positive role in brand portfolio evaluation. Parent corporate brand image provided endorsement for their product brands, and this can reduce consumer`s decision cost on brand portfolio evaluations. This study focused on two types of brand relationship strategy : brand expansion strategy and individual brand strategy. With individual brand strategy, cases where parent company brands provided endorsement and cases to the contrary were studied separately. In cases where well-managed parent corporate brand image were able to provide endorsement in the case of individual brand strategy like that of brand expansion strategy.
Moderating Effects of Political Skill in the Relations Perceived Co-Workers Politics-OCBC and -Turnover Intention
Lee, Eun-Kook ; Ji, Sung-Ho ; Kim, Mee-Sung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 478~493
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.478
The present study is aimed to investigate on the moderation of self-rated political skill on the relationships between perceived co-workers` politics and outcome variables (OCB toward co-workers and turnover intention). The used data for analysis was collected from 375 employees who have worked for public and private companies located in Jeju. The results are as follows. First, the main impacts of perceived co-workers politics(PCP) on OCB-C was not statistically significant, whereas the relation of PCP to turnover was positively significant. Second, moderating effects by political skill in the relationship perceived co-workers` politics and OCB-C was not significant, but the moderation in the relation perceived co-workers` politics-to-turnover intention was supported. Implications of the current study are 1) the casual effects of politics on OCB was demonstrated, in particular, the results of previous studies which was not consistent to account for the impact of politics on OCB was proved by the differentiation of research target. The result will help to understand perceived politics. In addition, moderation of political skill in the relation perceived co-workers` politics-to-turnover intention will contribute to expand researcher area of political skill.
Mediating Effects of Work Engagement in the Relationship between Issue Leadership and Innovative Behavior
Byun, Young-Sil ; Baik, Ki-Bok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 494~508
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.494
The present study was conducted to test the mediating effects of work engagement in the relationship between issue leadership and innovative behavior. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to empirically test the impact of issue leadership on employees` innovative behavior, and to investigate the mediating effect of work engagement in the relationship between issue leadership and innovative behavior. The data was collected from 218 employees who are currently working at large hotels located in Seoul and Jeju. The results of this study show that issue leadership is positively associated with work engagement and innovative behavior, and that issue leadership is a crucial factor to facilitate employees` positive attitudes toward voluntary change-oriented behavior. In addition, work engagement partially mediated the relationship between issue leadership and innovative behavior. Finally, theoretical and practical implications of the study results have been discussed along with limitations and future direction of the study.
Strategy for Paid Digital Contents after the Advent of N-screen Era: Focused on News-contents Business Models of Foreign Newspaper Companies
Kim, Daewon ; Woo, Hyejin ; Kim, Seongcheol ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 509~526
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.509
The study investigated the N-Screen strategies of paid digital contents of foreign newspapers belonging to advanced companies: USA, United Kingdom, and Japan. This research employed the time to launch paid digital content business, whether or not to segment market, and 4p marketing mix strategies for analyzing the strategies. The results show that the strategies, starting around the year 2000, had experience chasm, and then revived since the year 2010, when the penetration rate of mobile devices proliferated. Most newspapers still supply contents under the assumption that they paly in a mass market. The items of paid digital contents are mainly composed of e-paper and digital contents. Regarding the price strategy, soft paywall and combination paywall are largely used. Distribution strategy is subject to whether or not to discriminate the path of digital contents. As for promotion strategy, bundling strategy with newspaper is mostly utilized. The difference between western countries and Japan was found in term of the free trial service.
Effect of Proactive Personality on the Upward Influence: Focusing on Mediating Effect of Political Skill
Kang, Kyung-Goo ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 527~540
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.527
The current study empirically tests the mediating effects of political skills on the relationship between proactive personality and upward influence. In this study, we attempted to mitigate common method bias by collecting data from two sources. 275 pairs of returned questionnaires were utilized to verify the hypotheses. According to the hierarchical regression, proactive personality and 4 political skills have impact on upward influence positively. proactive personality was positively related to political skills. In addition social astuteness, interpersonal influence and apparent sincerity mediate relationship between proactive personality and upward influence. but networking ability does not have mediating effect. Based on these results, implications and limitations of this study arediscussed and future research direction are suggested.
Structural Model for Users`s Accepting Smart Health Care Services by Moderating the User Types
Choi, Yuung-Nam ; Kim, Keun-Hyung ; Oh, Sung-Ryoel ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 541~554
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.541
In this paper, first, we examined the factors which would affect users`s intention for accepting Smart Healthcare Service. Second, we analyzed weather the types(health care provider vs. health care recipient) of the users would modulate the factors`s influences. The independent variables of the research model are novelty-seeking, self-efficacy, facilitating conditions and security. The mediating variables are the perceived ease of use and the perceived usefulness. The dependent variable is the acceptance intention and the moderating variable is the user type which contains health care provider and health care recipient. As the results of the analysis, we recognized that the self-efficacy of the users would affect the perceived ease of use and the perceived usefulness in the smart healthcare services, but the user types(health care provider vs. health care recipient) did not modulate the factors`s influences. We also recognized that the facilitating conditions would affect the perceived ease of use and the perceived usefulness in the smart healthcare services, in particular, the user types modulated the influences in the ease of use. We also recognized that the security would affect the perceived ease of use and the influence was more sensitive in the case of the health care provider. At last, we recognized that the ease of use and usefulness would affect the acceptance intentions. The influence of the ease was more sensitive in the case of the health care recipient. The influence of the usefulness was more sensitive in the case of the health care provider.
Current Status and Improvement Plan for Foreign Construction Laborer
Park, Hee-Sung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 555~561
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.555
The construction industry is a labor-oriented and quality, cost, and schedule performance is effected by technicians. However, the construction industry have faced a labor shortage problem. Therefore, technician graying and no new workers inflow cause labor shortage and decline of worker`s skill level. The utilization of foreign technicians instead of domestic technicians has been increased in the construction industry. This paper performed questionnaire survey for 43 managers on 14 project fields to determine the current status and problems of construction technicians and to propose a improvement plan. As a result, most foreign technicians are carpenters and iron workers, but the skill levels are generally lower than domestics. The major problems for foreign technicians are communication and non-skilled. Then, labor productivity and accident rates of foreign technicians are higher than domestics. This paper proposes that skill training programs, language lessons, and multi-cultural programs are effective to improve foreign workers` problems.
A study on Determinant Factors of Preferred elderly Housing based on Location among Preliminary Elders
Kim, Chang-Gon ; Won, You-Ho ; Lee, Joo-Hyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 562~575
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.562
This study aims to draw a Housing development scheme of elderly housing, including the urban, suburban and resort type according to location type, which is based on a Demanding Characteristics of preliminary elderly for elderly housing. In addition, The comprehensive implication tells that the preliminary elderly who wants the urban elderly housing type have a more personal characteristics than other types. So it should be considered according to personal characteristics. Next, when we choose the suburban elderly housing type and predict the demand for housing development, it should not only considers factors such as the Unmarried children, Health status, Current housing size and Plans for economic activity in old age but also considers factors such as the Accessibility, Convenience, Investment and Environment characteristics of elderly housing preference. Next, when we choose the resort elderly housing type which based on the fact that a few detailed parameters of current housing characteristics exist, it should be based on the current housing characteristics of preliminary elderly. In addition, it should consider a pre-investigation for elderly housing preference in order to select the housing type. Because a comprehensive preference such as the comfort, convenience, safety, investment, environmental characteristics is considered as major determinants factors.
Permeability Evaluation in Cold Joint Concrete with Mineral Admixture under Compressive and Tensile Loading
Choi, Se-Jin ; Kim, Seong-Jun ; Mun, Jin-Man ; Kwon, Seung-Jun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 576~587
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.576
This paper presents a quantitative evaluation of water permeability in concrete with cold joint considering mineral admixture and loading conditions. Concrete samples with OPC (Ordinary Portland Cement) and GGBFS(Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag) are prepared considering 0.6 of W/C ratio and 40% of replacement. 30% and 60% loading levels for compression and 60% loading level for tension are induced to concrete samples. In compression conditions, the permeability in control case shows
in OPC concrete, and it changes to
(30% of peak) and
(60% of peak). The results in GGBFS concrete shows the same trend, which yields
(30% of peak), and
(60% of peak), respectively. In tensile conditions, the permeability increases from
(60% of peak) while that in GGBFS concrete increases from
(60% of peak). Permeability coefficients decreases in 30% of compressive level but increases in 60% level, while results in tensile level increases rapidly. This shows pore structure in concrete is condensed and with loading and permeability increases due to micro-cracking. Permeability evaluation considering the effects of loading conditions, cold joint, and GGBFS is verified to be important since water permeability greatly changes due to their effects.
Planning Indicators for Spatial Characteristics Evaluation of Urban Public Space - the Weight Analysis for Activation of Public Space
Lee, Hoon-Gill ; Lee, Joo-Hyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 588~598
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.588
This study derives planning items and indicators that should be considered in order to activate public space in terms of the spatial characteristics of the public space was to analysis the importance in the public officials/academics and practitioners side. Derived in accordance with spatial planning topics characteristic of public space through previous research to them and after a detailed selection indicators in Christopher Alexander`s Pattern Language was so lead through the FGI. Derived surface was subjected to the significance analysis AHP through the survey expert. For this study, the importance of the spatial characteristics of the public space are working professionals accessibility, publicity, connectivity, spatiality, amenity, placeness the order, public officials/academics accessibility, amenity, placeness, connectivity, spatiality, publicity the order. In addition, professionals working in the comprehensive analysis of the most important priority was to recognize the hierarchy of open space, public officials/academics appeared to have an open space on the street the most important. The results obtained in this study will be used as an index that can be used in planning and evaluation for consideration of the next active public space.
Supplementary Effects of Black Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Aleurone Layer Extract on Body Fat, Serum Lipid, and Serum Hormone Levels in Ovariectomized Rats
Choi, Bong-Kyoum ; Nam, Song-Yee ; Lee, Young-Min ; Kim, Jung-Bong ; Choe, Jeong-sook ; Lee, Hae-Jeung ; Lee, Sung-Joon ; Lee, Sung-Hyen ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 599~605
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.599
This study was conducted to evaluate suppressive effects of black rice aleurone layer extract (BRE) on body fat, serum lipid, and hormone levels in ovariectomized rats. The rats were divided into five groups (n
The Influence of Self-Discrepancy on Well-being in College Student: A Moderating Role of Social Support
Cheong, Myung-Hwa ; Hyung, Jung-Eun ; Jo, Chae-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 606~620
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.606
The aim of this study is to identify whether college students` self-discrepancy has an effect on their well-being and to verify the moderating effect of social support on the relation between self-discrepancy and well-being. For this study, the preliminary research was conducted in the way that questionnaire tests on self-discrepancy, well-being, and social support were administered to 587 college students in Busan and Gyeongnam province. The test results were analyzed by means of SPSS 21.0 program. First, average and standard deviation were analyzed to examine the general characteristics of self-discrepancy, well-being and social support. Second, correlation analysis was used to examine the relationships between variables. Third, hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to examine the moderating effect of social support on the relation between self-discrepancy and well-being. The conclusions drawn from the analysis are as follows. First, self-discrepancy had a significant negative correlation with well-being and social support had a significant positive correlation with well-being. Second, contrary to the research hypothesis, social support had no moderating effect on the relationship between self-discrepancy and well-being. Based on these findings, the implications and the limitations of the research findings were discussed, and recommendations for future research were provided.
College Students` Learning Satisfaction and Academic Achievement of Learning Nursing English Based on Smart Education
Kim, Hun-Hee ; Jung, Dae-Bum ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 621~630
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.621
The purpose of study is to comprehend learning satisfaction and academic achievement about the mobile program of nursing English learning constructed as a solution of supporting smart education in J college. The study was conducted from March to December in 2014. The subjects of study are 342 freshmen (39 males, 303 females) of nursing department. Learning satisfaction was analyzed through questionnaires, and academic achievement was investigated through test produced by 3 professors who majored in nursing. Resources analysis was implemented by SPSS 21.0. The study leads to 3 results from the macroscopic perspective. First, there is a difference of satisfaction with whole program between all factors such as mainly used devices, available times, available days, average hours of use per day, available places. Also, items under program satisfaction (subject or content, availability, academic ability) has a difference. Lastly, change of achievement scores by each time was significant.
Structural Analysis of the Graduate Medical School Student`s Perception about `Good Doctor`
Yoo, Hyo-Hyun ; Lee, Jun-Ki ; Shin, Sein ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 631~638
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.631
The purpose of this study is to provide developmental direction of medical education by analysing graduate medical school student`s perception structure about `good doctor` and the difference between graduate medical school student`s perception structure about `good doctor` before and after clerkship. Subject of study is medical students in 1st~4th year. NetMiner 4.0 program, which is social network analysis, was used to analyse. Many of the words that students used to describe good doctor were similar. But especially lots of times they used `patient`, `treatment`, `competence`, `heart` and a word `patient` showed highest degree centrality. Higher density of network and mean degree centrality were shown in students who experienced clerkship. `Diagnosis and treatment`, `medical communication`, `attitudes to patients`, `medical knowledge`, `basic competence` these 5 groups were shown in network of students before and after clerkship in common. In the case of students after clerkship, `lifelong learning ` groups have been added, so were the 6 groups. Considering the fact that social responsibility, professionalism, medical humanities are emphasized in recent medical education, students have lack of perception structure about good doctor, therefore education of this area needs to be strengthened.
Development of Implicit Memory: The Effect of Knowledge Base and Meta Memory
Jang, Se-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 639~651
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.639
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of knowledge base and metamemory in children`s conceptual implicit memory with category-exemplar-generation task. Subjects were total 180 children of each 60 from Grade2, Grade6 and High school students. They were examined implicit memory with category-exemplar-generation task, knowledge base test, and metamemory test. The data were analyzed using ANCOVA, and Scheffe post hoc test. The result was following: First, as the child grow old, implicit memory primed increased. Implicit memory amount was significantly different between Grade2 and High school students, Grade6 and High school students. Second, as the child grow high knowledge base, implicit memory primed increased. There was a significantly different found between age and knowledge base. Third, as the child grow high metamemory, implicit memory primed increased. These results were interpreted as that the state of the age, knowledge base and metamemory should be an important factorin implicit memory. And current findings suggest that implicit memory can show development if a children`s knowledge base and metamemory in developing with age.
Effects of EngageGram on e-Learning Participation According to the Types of Learners` Social Comparison Motive
Jin, Sung-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 652~661
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.652
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of EngageGram which is a motivator of e-learning participation on learners` online participation according to the types of social comparison motive. Research participation was 144 undergraduate students (male: 106, female: 38) who took the course entitled "Creative Thinking." Social comparison motive of learners were investigated by two methods: social comparison motive scales and learners` opinions on EngageGram. As results, there was no statically corelation between the types of social comparison motive by using scales and online participation, however, there was statically differences on e-learning participation according to the types of social comparison motives by analyzing learners` opinions. Learners mostly have self-enhancement motive in a learning context so they are motivated to participate actively by EngageGram. This study provide useful implication in the research area of learning analytics.
Plan for Increasing the Analysis and Understanding Skills of Literary Works based on Systems Thinking Technique
Kim, Hun-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 15, issue 9, 2015, Pages 662~669
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2015.15.09.662
The purpose of this study is to explore plan for increasing the analysis and understanding skills of literary works by using systemic thinking technique. This study used a literatures analysis method. The concrete study contents are as follows; First, it is centered on presenting values of literary education through analysing fairy tales conditions in Korean textbooks in relation to national curriculum for elementary and middle school. Second, it is to explore the features of systemic thinking technique. Third, it is to draw the instruction design model and application. Main expected effects of this study are breakaway from habitual routine, developing comprehensive and logical thinking ability, expanding fancy and imagination, cultivating innovative problem solving skill, inducing interest in literature, and increasing linguistic skills. That is, it is to be effective instruction strategy to enhance creativity and to cultivate character in classroom.