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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 8 - Aug 2016
Volume 16, Issue 7 - Jul 2016
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 16, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
Relationship between Latent Classes of Socioeconomic Status and Self-Esteem among Elderly Living Alone
Kwag, Kyung Hwa ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.001
The purpose of this study was to identify latent classes of socioeconomic status and to explore whether those of socioeconomic status influenced self-esteem among elderly living alone. From the data of 2009 National Elder Abuse Investigation, 1,333 older adults who were over 65 years and living alone were analyzed. Latent class analysis, one-way ANOVA, and hierarchical regression analysis were performed to test the purpose of this study. Results of this study found 5 latent classes of socioeconomic status, named as high education-low income group, low education-low income group, middle education-low income group, high education-high income group, and low education-high income group. Next, there were significant differences in self-esteem depending on 5 latent classes of socioeconomic status. Finally, compared to low education-low income group, high education-low income group, middle education-low income group, high education-high income group, and low education-high income group showed higher levels of self-esteem, even after adjusting for confounding factors. Findings from this study suggested fundamental characteristics and public policy for elderly living alone.
Discrepancy between the Perception and Reality of early Childhood Educators Regarding Creative Competency of the early Childhood Education Institutions
Kim, Soo-Im ; Jung, Na-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 13~23
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.013
This research studies the discrepancy between the perception and reality of the early childhood educators regarding the creative competency of the early childhood education institutions, and the differences stemming from the background characteristics of the educators. Subjects were 114 early childhood educators drawn from kindergartens in Daegu and Gyeongbuk province. 180 questionnaires were delivered through physical visit or mail to the institutions. The collected data were analyzed using t-tests, one-way ANOVA and the Scheffe post hoc test, and the result is as thus. Firstly, the discrepancy between the perception and the reality of the educators was significantly different in all sub-domains. Secondly, The discrepancy between the perception and reality, according to the background characteristics, showed significantly different in the following domains: according to the position of the educators, in some sub-domains of autonomy; according to the academic background, in some sub-domains of the leadership; according to the career of the educators, in some sub-domains of diversity; and according to the age of the educators, in some sub-domains of diversity and leadership.
The Factors Influencing Intention to Use Bit Coin of Domestic Consumers
Shin, Dong-Hee ; Kim, Yong-Moon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 24~41
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.024
Study is about Bit Coin that is electronic cash that is received attention globally in recent. It is increasing domestically that uses bit coin for convenience of micro payment, and also bit coin is possible to exchange each countries' currency. In this point, we searched understanding degree and acceptance of bit coin. Also we applied transformed TAM(Technology Acceptance Model) to search factors that have an effect on consumers' intention to use it. In advance, we analyze features of bit coin, and extract factors through preceding researches for existing electronic cash, because studies for intention to use bit coin are weak in internal and external. First of results is that 'economic efficiency' which is a characteristic variable of bit coin influences 'intention to use,' a dependent variable through 'perceived usefulness,' a parameter. It was investigated that monetary and mental costs that was costed when we use bit coin were less than using other cash. Secondly, 'payment convenience' that is a characteristic variable affects 'intention to use', a dependent variable through 'perceived usefulness,' a parameter. It was measured that problems of inconvenience that include transaction process, cash management time shortage and exchange changes will be solved by using bit coin. Thirdly, 'reliability' that is a perceived risk variable of bit coin has a direct effect on 'intention to use,' a dependent variable. It was investigated that we could achieve purpose of payment because we weren't influenced by breakdown on system by processing distributed database in some computers. Fourthly, 'perceived usefulness,' a parameter of bit coin directly affects 'intention to use,' a dependent variable. Then consumers who want to use bit coin are fascinated bit coin for various usability. Moreover, we want to provide implications to all of finance corporations, companies related electronic cash and bit coin users based on these results.
A Study on the Points of Improvement through the Survey Analysis of Strawberry Package Elements (Shape, Material, Design) and IPA MAP Analysis
Lee, Seung-Yong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 42~51
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.042
For changes in the distribution structure these days, consumer demand is moving rapidly from offline to online. The consumers' mentality to purchase products conveniently is reflected in this phenomenon. Also for agricultural products, safety to protect contents, brand and design which can provide credibility to consumers are recognized as most important than ever. Especially, strawberry is thin-skinned so that the quality of product may deteriorate even with weak impact and shaking, so it is significantly influenced by the structural packaging or material. Also, strawberry is frequently distributed through direct trading, it is the reality that the package design of strawberry is less competitive than that of other products due to inadequate environments of commercial farms. That is, the demand of strawberry increases everyday but the strawberry package cannot fulfill the needs of producers and consumers. In order to reinforce competitiveness in strawberry sales, it is urgent to carry out fundamental studies regarding the development of package. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to supplement and improve issues arising from the usage of current strawberry package. Through the analysis of strawberry package elements (shape, material, design) and understand the points of improvement sought by producers and consumers through IPA MAP (importance, satisfaction level) analysis.
Exothermic Curing System with Hot Wire in Cold Weather
Lee, Tae-Gyu ; Lee, Jin-Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 52~59
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.052
For almost of concrete structures by placing in cold weather, it is very important that the selection of curing method at early aged construction stage. The Exothermic curing method with hot wire and rapid hardening cement is used mostly to prevent the initial cracks and the strength decrease. Most of the construction sites, however, have not been applied to the optimal curing method caused by the simple approaches and the empirical judgements. Therefore, this paper has proposed a evaluation algorithm of the exothermic curing method for representing heating temperature, period, position of hot wire by analyzing the transient heat transfer solution. This has been implemented, moreover, using an object oriented programming language to develop structural analysis system taking account risk parameters. This system is composed of input module, database module, database store module, analysis module, and result generation module. Linkage interface between the central database and each of the related module is implemented by the visual c# concept. Graphic user interface and the relational database table are supported for user's convenience.
Difficulties that Female North Korean Defector Cyber University Students Experienced in their Social Work Field Practicum and Support Plan
Bae, Jin-Hyung ; Park, Mee-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 60~74
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.060
There are increasing numbers of North Korean defectors. Many of them enter universities and major in social welfare in order to get jobs. As a required course, they must participate in field practicum and many difficulties are expected. This study aims to examine the North Korean defectors' practicum experience in specific, and to support more effectively in the field work education. To achieve this purpose, female North Korean defectors who go to G cyber university and have finished their field practicums, were interviewed in an in-depth interview. The data were analyzed with the open coding through the constant comparison method as Grounded theory's initial analysis. As the result, the following was found: 49 concepts, 18 sub-categories, and 7 categories. The categories include difficulties in the process of preparation for and beginning with various obstacles; confusion due to the differences between the North Korean and South Korean culture; tasks and functions that were not expected, personal relationships which were burdensome to them; feeling a lack of professional competence; inevitable environmental circumstances, and personal problems. Based on the results, suggestions for better support in field practice education in the side of universities, community agencies, individual students and the general society were addressed.
A Study on the Additional Absorbed Dose of Normal Tissues by Image Guided Radiation Therapy(IGRT)
Kim, Gha-Jung ; Ryu, Jun-Min ; Choi, Jun-Gu ; Hong, Dong-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 75~81
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.075
The recent radiation therapy field can provide treatment which guarantees a high degree of accuracy, due to patient set-up using various image guided radiation therapy(IGRT) instruments. But the additional absorbed dose to patient's normal tissues is increasing. Therefore, this study measured the absorbed dose to surrounding normal tissues which is caused by patient set-up using OBI, CBCT, ExacTrac, among various IGRT instruments. The absorbed dose to the head, the chest, the abdomen, and the pelvis from CBCT was 12.57 mGy, 20.82 mGy, 82.93 mGy, and 52.70 mGy, respectively. Also, the absorbed dose from OBI and ExacTrac ranged from 0.76 to 8.58 mGy and from 0.14 to 0.63 mGy, respectively. As a result, CBCT's absorbed dose was far higher than other instruments. CBCT's surface dose was far higher than others, too, but OBI's entrance skin dose was almost the same as CBCT's.
Impact of Professional Competency on Case Management Performance for Local Children's Centers' Workers - The Moderating effect of Social Work Values
Park, Sun-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 82~93
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.082
This study attempts to identify the professional competency of local children's centers' workers, and examine their impact on case management performance. To achieve the purpose of this study, 189 children's centers' workers with 2 or more years of experiences in Busan and Gyeongnam areas participated in the research. The results showed that the professional skills and capabilities of workers have substantial impact on case management performance. Moreover, the study also proved that social work values have a moderating effect in the practice. This study suggested that for the purpose of improving the competency and professional practice in local children's centers, it is necessary to equip workers with specified education programs and effective law manuals.
Factors Influencing Hospital Nurses' Turnover Intention: A Cross-sectional Survey
Yeun, Eun-Ja ; Kwon, Young-Mi ; Je, Mi-Soon ; An, Jeong-Hwa ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 94~106
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.094
Purpose: This study was to identify internal marketing, nursing professionalism, emotional exhaustion, personal accomplishment that influence turnover intention among hospital nurses and to predict in turnover intention. Methods: A cross-sectional sample of 270 hospital nurses from 2 university hospitals in Seoul and Chungbuk, South Korea. The data were collected from May to June, 2013 and using analyzed with t-test, ANOVA and stepwise multiple regression by using SPSS 19.0 program. Results: The mean score for nurse turnover was
, internal marketing
, nursing professionalism
, emotional exhaustion
, and personal accomplishment
. The significant factors of turnover intention were emotional exhaustion, internal marketing, nursing professionalism, work unit, nurse position, and education. And these factors explained 25.1% of the variance in turnover intention. Conclusion: The results from this study indicated a need to develop the intervention program to prevent turnover intention. These findings establish a baseline that will lead to further research.
Fatherhood Representations of Childcare Entertainment Reality Programs - A Semiotic Study on a Reality Program, "Where Are We Going, Dad?" of MBC
Lee, Ran ; Baek, Seon Gi ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 107~120
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.107
The purpose of this study was to analyze representations of fatherhood of childcare entertainment reality programs. For this purpose, two episodes of
of MBC were analyzed by semiotic analytic methods, especially, signs, images, combined level of significations, etc. The results indicated that fathers of the programs reflected modern ideal images of feminist fatherhood in which fathers cooperated to care children with mothers, and played the role of intimate friend-daddies, daddies as friends. A post-modern male ideology was inherent in those fatherhood changes. Those fathers in this program intermittently exposed narratives of inexperienced fathers while dedicating themselves to cooperative childcare adequate to the purpose of the program, suggesting that it would reproduce the mother-childcare ideology as a result. Furthermore, although such reflected changes towards fatherhood enthusiastically involving in childcare represented the modern ideal fatherhood, it is still identified that gender stereotypes, gender-based discrimination and patriarchal male ideologies were inherent in the ways of their guiding children. In short, such trend of friend-daddies did not imply an revolutional change from male-centered patriarchal family structures to male-female cooperated family structures.
The Matters of Choice, Chance and Morality in Eric Rohmer's
Lim, Taewoo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 121~128
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.121
Under the Bazinian influences, Eric Rohmer tried all his life to show the world as it was by taking full advantage of objective and revelatory nature of a camera. Believing the cinema was an instrument of discovery, that was able to reflect pre-existing beauty of nature, he wrote dialogues using actual words of actors and captured human actions as close to real life as possible. As a result, audience could meet lively, barely fictional characters and their ordinary, yet exciting adventures of daily lives. Focusing on
, the third of his 'Six moral tales', this study attempts to discuss the matters of choice, chance and morality, and briefly his status as a writer in the history of narrative literature.
Effects of Life Satisfaction of the Elderly Participating in the Senior Employment Project
Yoo, Yong-Shik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 129~139
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.129
The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of factors like self-esteem, social support, empowerment on the life satisfaction of the elderly participating in the senior employment project. As a result, self-esteem, social support, and empowerment show significant effects on the life satisfaction of the elderly participating in the senior employment project. In other words, when the elderly participating in the senior employment project have higher self-esteem, social support, and empowerment, their life satisfaction becomes higher, too. Based on the findings, this author will make political suggestions as follows: first, it is needed to develop and distribute new employment programs to improve their self-esteem. Second, it is necessary to form new social support networks and develop and connect resources. Third, the empowerment approach to provide customized employment suitable for the needs of the elderly is necessary.
A Study on Trapping Efficiency of the Non-point Source Pollution in Cheongmi Stream Using VFSMOD-w
Son, Minwoo ; Byun, Jisun ; Yoon, Hyun-Doug ; Jung, Tae-Hwa ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 140~150
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.140
This study aims to investigate the effect of vegetation type, length of vegetative filter strip, and rainfall on trapping efficiency of the non-point source water pollution. Numerical experiments are carried out using VFSMOD-w. It is known from this study that the vegetation having the same value of revised Manning roughness coefficient shows the similar trapping efficiency in VFSMOD-w. When the length of vegetative filter strip increases twice, the trapping efficiency increases negligibly small under the same condition of rainfall. From this finding, it is also known that most of sediment are removed within a certain length of vegetative filter strips. It is concluded that the installation of vegetative filter strip is determined under the consideration of the rainfall characteristics, space of vegetation, and length of vegetative filter strip.
Comparison of Marginal Fitness of Zirconia Copings According to Impression Techniques and Zirconia Blocks
Chung, In-Sung ; Jeon, Byung-Wook ; Kim, Won-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 151~157
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.151
The purpose of this study was to compare of marginal fitness of zirconia copings according to impression techniques and zirconia blocks. For the conventional impression, two types of rubber impression materials were used and digital impression was made by using an intraoral scanner. Zirconia copings were manufactured from three types of blocks. With each of ten zirconia copings was determined by surface roughness and marginal fitness. For surface roughness, LUXEN Smile(
) block was superior. And the lowest mean values and standard deviations of marginal gap for the HL specimens were
for lingual, and that of the HJ specimens
for distal. One-way ANOVA showed statistically significant difference between groups for marginal fitness(p<0.05). From the above results, the impression techniques and zirconia blocks had influence on marginal fit of the zirconia copings. Also the marginal fitness of all groups showed clinically acceptable range.
The Effects of the Pre-Operation Provision of Information on the Anxiety and Uncertainty of Mothers with a Pre-school Child of Tonsillectomy and their Satisfaction with Post-operation Nursing
Jeong, Kyeong-Sook ; Park, Jin-Ock ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 158~166
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.158
This study is a nonequivalent control group pre- and post-test design research whose purpose was to determine what effects the pre-operation provision of information has on the anxiety and uncertainty of mothers with a pre-school child of tonsillectomy and nursing satisfaction after the operation. Data were collected from mothers whose child underwent tonsillectomy at S general hospital. For the collection, those mothers were divided into the experimental and control groups, respectively consisting of 19 and 20 members. The experimental group was provided general education about the operation. In addition, they individually received information about the procedure that the researcher and an assistant provided on one-to-one basis for about 20 minutes, in which brochures containing the information were used. While, the control group was provided only general education as mentioned above. For data analysis, this study conducted
-test, Fisher's exact test and Mann-Whitney U-test. The pre-operation provision of information was found having brought significant differences between the control and experimental groups in their anxiety(U=104.5, p=.015) and uncertainty(U=83.5, p=.002) as well as their satisfaction after the operation(U=109.5, p=.022). The findings of this study strongly suggest that information provision before the operation is positively effective in reducing the anxiety and uncertainty of mothers with a tonsillectomy child and increasing their nursing satisfaction after the operation. These effects need to be more verified through repetitive and subsequent researches and by using many other methods of information provision.
The Relationship between Class Participation Motivation, Acting Expressiveness and Psychological Happiness of the College Students Majoring in Acting
Lee, Young-il ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 167~178
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.167
This research is to understand the causal relationship between class participation motivation, acting expressiveness and psychological happiness through the class of the college students majoring in acting. For this purpose, the simple random sampling method was used and the college students majoring play and acting in the college located in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do as a sample group and total 499 questionnaires were used. For the questions, 73 questions of which the reliability and validity is examined were used. As for a data processing method, it used the statistical package of IBM STATISTICS SPSS 22 and AMOS 22 and analyzed the results by applying the descriptive statistics analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, reliability analysis and structural equation model. The conclusion of this research is as follows. Intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation among the class participation motivation of the college students majoring in acting have a significant effect on all sub factors of acting expressiveness and psychological happiness statically, and a motivation has no effect on it. Both personality and expressive impulse of acting expressiveness have an effect on a psychological happiness, and mobility has no effect on it.
The Humanistic Educational Implications of the Motif of Poverty in the Picture Books of Korean Fairy Tales
Lee, Ran ; Hyun, Eunja ; Lee, Hyunjung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 179~189
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.179
The aim of this study was to find out the possibilities of humanistic education through text analysis of the picture books of Korean fairy tales dealing with poverty and to discuss the educational implications. For this, the two researchers drew the literal roles of poverty and property in the common narrative structure of seven subject books and discussed the humanistic educational implications. The results are as follows. Firstly, the poverty of a main character was related to good personalities rather than negative personalities such as indolent disposition and formed affirmative values. Secondly, divine existence or animal helpers offered property to the good man in a unrealistic manner so that it emphasized the meaning of reward on their good nature. Thirdly, the bad character of wicked men following the good men was focussed on and their greed for property was the evidence of their wickedness. Most of them were punished because of the wicked motive so that it apparently highlighted the lesson of the good triumphing over the evil by the binary opposition structure. Fourthly, all the fairy tales made the characters treated based on the each personality: punishment or reward. However, the reward was usually property so that the property itself was depicted as a kind of blessings. Based on those findings, some humanistic educational implications were discussed.
Multilevel Analysis Study on Determinants of Career Commitment among Social Workers
Jeon, Hee-Jeong ; Lee, Dong-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 190~203
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.190
Based on the premise that a systematic career process was one of the essential elements of successful task performance both for individuals and the organization in the field of social welfare, this study set out to empirically analyze factors influencing the career commitment of social workers at a multidimensional level and provide practical implications for the directionality of career management on the basis of data with theoretical and statistical accuracy. For those purposes, the study collected individual and organizational characteristics data from 787 social workers at 46 agencies through a structured questionnaire and analyzed influential factors through the multilevel analysis technique by taking organizational effects into account. The analysis results show that explanations by the organization characteristics recorded significant 15% in the total variance of career commitment and that its influential factors included such significant variables as the protean career attitude, desire for growth, human network, and self-efficacy at the individual level and also the qualification compensation system at the organizational level. The study then proposed and discussed integrated practice strategies between individuals and agencies as the measures to promote career success through the activation of individual factors based on the consideration of organizational effects such as the application of an employee assistant program, provision of incentives to professional career development, and shift to a learning organization.
Effect of Perceived Risk, Perceived Benefit, and Korea Wave to Crowdfunding Participation in China
Lee, Han-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 204~213
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.204
Crowd funding can be understood that consumers are participated in production process before real commercialization. These days there are some expectancy and worry about foreign capital influence to Korea Wave. This study is to find out the possibility that Korea Wave can lead to investment to make new cultural contents and find possibility as new investment funding source. Expecially this research did survey at Gwangjou in China with 20s and find their possibility to invest money for crowd funding related to Korea Wave and we evaluate consumer's Korea Wave preference. The results showed that with more preference of Korea Wave decrease consumer's perceived risk and increase consumer's perceived benefit. With this research we can find some possibility of motive for consumer's direct investment to Korea Wave project in Korea.
An Empirical Study on Success Factors of Sharing Economy Service
Kim, Hae-Joong ; Park, Jong-woo ; Jo, Dong-hyuk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 214~229
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.214
Since financial crisis, sharing economy emerged as a result of economic stagnation, emerging environmental-friendly trend and increasing smartphone penetration, which led to reducing unnecessary consumption and increasing the practical usage of resources. This indicates the possibility that the sharing economy service will develop in this hyperconnectivity era in terms of increasing consumer utility. In this study, the author, therefore, empirically analyzed the factors that affect the continuous usage from the experience of service use and the causal relationship between the factors by regulating the success of sharing economy service as the continuous use after the acceptance of service. The findings demonstrated that the perceived value and network externality had a significant effect on both trust and satisfaction, and the perceived risk had a significant effect on trust. In addition, trust affected both satisfaction and continuous use intention significantly, and satisfaction also had a significant effect on continuous use intention. And the perceived value and risk, and network externality mediated trust and satisfaction, thereby having a significant effect on continuous use intention. Through this research, the author intends to provide an opportunity to enhance the competitiveness of sharing economy service under an uncertain business environment by way of identifying the success factors of the sharing economy service whose important is growing in recently years and the structural relationship between these factors.
Effects of Sex-Role Attitude of the Elderly Couples on Marital Satisfaction
Im, Na Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 230~240
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.230
This study analyzed the differences of the sex-role attitude and marital satisfaction of the elderly couples according to the demographic factors as well as analyzed the relationships between sex-role attitude(sex-role awareness, sex-capacity awareness) and marital satisfaction. 378 structured questionnaires were collected from elderly couples who were pus 60 and live in Gyeonggi-do areas. And the frequency analysis, factor analysis, hierarchical regression analysis, t-test, and ANOVA were carried out through SPSS Ver. 20. The findings are as follows. First, the differences of the sex-role attitude and marital satisfaction of the elderly couples according to the demographic were found partially. Second, the sex-role awareness of the elderly couples affected on marital satisfaction positively, but the sex-capacity awareness did not.
The Value of Performing Arts Content and Convergence Structure -Focused on Performing Arts Live Video-
Young, Hur-Lan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 241~255
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.241
This study aims at examining the making and distribution course of performing arts and its converged form with technology and industry in terms of the Contents Promotion Act. Since the 2000s, the inter-area contents making and sharing methods have been changing the making and distribution structure of performing arts. The recent production of performing arts contents live videos extends the areas of arts creation and communication beyond the time and spatial boundaries of performing arts and changes the existing systems. The performing arts which started with nowness and spatio-temporal restriction on the premise is now creating a new platform over the spatio-temporal boundary through the live video. Performing arts, in convergence with the areas of technology and industries, expands universal approaches and shows the public value of cultural fairness at public performing arts centers. In this context, this study aims at seeking the possible extension of performing arts contents by examining how the so-called high-class performing arts such as opera, theatre and classical music combines with the visual industry.
Effects that Faith Factor of Social Bonds Have on Cyber Bullying Phenomenon
Lee, Young-Sik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 256~262
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.256
A cyber crime has been evolving, as other crimes have. Beyond physical damages such as financial crimes in the cyber world, it has evolved into psychological forms like cyber-bullying. In today's crimes, measures that consider psychological effects of crimes are highly regarded in that fear of crime is considered as well as visible crimes. Accordingly, cyber bullying, which causes psychological damages, needs to be treated very importantly. Because the characteristics of cyber crime is caused by different circumstances from the real world, measures should be taken in different aspects. Rather than physical damages, which can be found in the conventional crimes, cyber crimes cause psychological damages, so the effect that has on inflicting should be specified. Especially, in the environment that virtual reality is ubiquitous through smart phones, it is very difficult to establish measures by considering all the causes of general cyber crimes. Therefore, this study estimated what affects cyber bullying by focusing on personalized faith factor among social bond theory, which can control cyber crimes. As a result, self-controling faith was verified to have a negative effect on cyber bullying, so faith is a very important factor in personalized environment. Thus, it is suggested that the characteristics of cyber space and education of humanism, which can affect individuals' faith should be emphasized.
The Influence of Social Exclusion on Suicidal Impulse of Senior Citizens and the Moderating Effect of Adjustment Resilience
Kim, Sug-Hyang ; Hwang, Kyoung-Ran ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 263~273
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.263
The purpose of this research is to verify that adjustment resilience has a moderating effect on the influence of social exclusion regarding suicide in senior citizens, and the research results are as follows: First, the demographic sociological factors that affect suicidal impulse have been shown to be age, education level, marriage status, and child co-residence. Senior citizens between the ages of 75 and 80 have been shown to have the most suicidal impulses, whereas the tendency to have such suicidal impulses increases as the level of education decreases. Furthermore, those seniors who are unmarried or single due to divorce, death, or separation and those who do not live with their children tended to have stronger, more frequent suicidal impulses. Second, seniors have been shown to suffer stronger suicidal impulse when subjected to more serious social exclusion. Third, it has been verified that adjustment resilience has a strong moderating effect on the influence of social exclusion regarding the suicidal impulses of senior citizens. Last, the results of the inclination test (Hypothesis Test for Slope of Inclination) have shown that adjustment resilience tends to be lower in the group that is more socially excluded. The purpose of this research is to suggest the direction of social policy creation in order to prevent suicide by senior citizens and set forth the practical implication regarding adjustment resilience as a protection factor for further studies.
Play Behaviour and Environment Using User Research (Focused on Air-bounce Space in Theme Museum)
Song, Mi ; Yun, Hee Jeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 274~284
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.274
The purpose of this study is to analyze the play behaviour and play environment of children at the Air-bounce space in the theme museum, using user observation and interviewing user behaviour, main methods of user research. Study area is Animation theme museum in Chuncheon City, Kangwon Province, Republic of Korea. Main results show that physical, emotional, cognitive, and social behaviour of playing children in the study area are observed, and this study draws the planning and design related implications of play space such as carrying capacity, waiting room and safety guard and so on. The results of this study can be used in the planning and design process of children's play environment as important guidelines.
Effects of a Spiritual Care Education Program based on the Action Learning on Spiritual Needs, Spiritual well-being and Spiritual Care Competence of Nursing Students
Hong, Sehoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 285~294
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.285
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the action learning-based spiritual care education program on nursing students' spiritual needs, spiritual well-being, and spiritual care competence. This study was a pre-post test design with single group and participants were recruited from second-year nursing students at a University. From September to December 2014, the students participated in the action learning-based spiritual care education program, which were held 16 times, had decreased their spiritual needs and improved spiritual well-being and spiritual care competence. The data were analyzed using paired t-test with the SPSS WIN 23.0 statistics program. The results of this study indicate that the action learning-based spiritual care education program was effective in decreasing spiritual needs and improving spiritual well-being and spiritual care competence for nursing students. The nursing students, which provide a holistic care, will grow up to be a professional nurse by learning the nursing process including spiritual care. Also, an action learning-based education program should be developed in the various fields.
Influential Factors for the Knowledge and Awareness of Adults on Periodontal Diseases and Their Belief
Lee, Ji-Yeoun ; Lee, Mi-Oak ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 295~307
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.295
The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness and knowledge of school organizational members about peridontal diseases, their belief in the diseases, attitude and periodontal health in an effort to provide some information on how to ensure successful oral health education and incremental dental care. The subjects in this study were the selected patients who visited school dental clinics. Their ideas of periodontal diseases and periodontal health were analyzed to determine the influential factors. They got a mean of 2.77 in awareness of the epidemiologic characteristics of periodontal diseases, 2.97 in knowledge on the initial symptoms of gingivitis, 2.90 in awareness of the causes of periodontal diseases, 2.95 in awareness of the prevention and treatment of peridontal diseases, and 3.04 in belief in periodontal diseases and attitude. Thus, they had a good understanding and knowledge of periodontal diseases, and they had the right belief and the right attitude as well. They scored relatively lower in several items of periodontal diseases: awareness of tooth loss caused by aging, awareness of the relationship of food to the prevention and occurrence of periodontal diseases, the relationship between toothbrushing time and gingival health, the right toothbrushing method and the right way of dental care.
An Analysis of the Research Trends in Development and Implement of Parent Education Program: Focusing on Research in Recent 10 Years
Lee, Jae-Taek ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 308~318
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.308
The purpose of this study is to provide the basic data on the development and application of parent education programs and suggest the direction of future studies by analyzing the trends of research articles related to parent education programs. For this, the articles on 'parent education programs' written in Korea from 2004 to 2014 were collected and analyzed. The number of articles analyzed is 202 in total: 41 doctoral theses, 88 master's theses, and 73 academic theses. Firstly, the basic trend of research of parent education program was examined per object and subject. Secondly, the trend of research of the development and implementation of parent education programs was examined by dividing the programs on the basis of the ground for development, object of application, subject, type of program designing, the number and hours of the program, method of conducting the program, program educator, program effects. etc. The results of the analysis of the data made it possible to find out the process of development and implementation of parent education programs conducted in Korea. Such research results were summarized according to the research problems and suggestions for follow-up studies were made on its basis.
Effects of Dance Sport Coach's Attractiveness on Basic Psychological Needs and Exercise Adherences Behavioral Intention of Dance Sport Participants
Jung, Sung-Han ; Lee, Moon-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 319~328
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.319
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of dance sport coach's attractiveness on basic psychological needs and exercise adherences behavioral intention of dance sports participants. By analysing a total of 306 dance sport participants from 6 sports centers in Daejeon with statistical analysis such as factor analysis, reliability analysis, and multiple regression analysis, this study found the followings. First, the level of dance sport coach's attractiveness has an influence on dance sports participants' basic psychological needs. Second, the level of dance sport coach's attractiveness has an influence on dance sports participants' exercise adherences behavioral intention. Third, dance sports participants' basic psychological needs has an influence on exercise adherences behavioral intention.
Impact of the Characteristics of Docent Mobile Apps on User Satisfaction and Intention to Re-use
Jung, Da-Wn ; Ahn, Hyung Jun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 329~341
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.329
With the introduction of smart phones in the late 2000's, the audio guides of museums have been gradually replaced by the mobile apps of smart phones. Although many studies have been already conducted about the mobile apps in the fields of tourism or finance, it is hard to find empirical research on the mobile docent apps. This study aimed to investigate the influence of the various factors of mobile docent apps on user satisfaction and intention to reuse. For this goal, based on the review of literature and the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM), a research model was constructed that consists of information timeliness, information service quality, ubiquitous access, and interactivity, along with the variables of TAM such as perceived ease of use, and perceived usefulness. A survey was conducted at Rodin museum in the United States where all the information about exhibitions is provided over a smart docent app. 210 surveys were collected, and 204 valid ones were used for analysis. The analysis using structural equation modeling revealed that information timeliness, information service quality, and interactivity have significant influence on perceived ease of use; ubiquitous access and interactivity showed significant impact on perceived usefulness. The perceived ease of use and usefulness then had significant impact on satisfaction and intention to re-use.
Effect of Self-Directed Learning Ability, Ego Resilience, Critical Thinking Disposition on the Competency of Nursing Students's Basic Nursing Skills
Park, Jin-Ah ; Hong, Ji-Yeon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 342~351
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.342
Basic nursing, the course for the nursing students to experience nursing practice before going on to th clinical practice, and is crucial for solving health-related problems of patients. This study is a descriptive research study to analyze the impact factors associated with nursing students' basic nursing skill competency. In this study, total 181 subjects participants, and by using a structured questionnaire. Data were collected by self-written questionnaire method. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS WIN 22.0 program. Of the general characteristics of the subjects, the difference in basic nursing competency was found according to admission motive, major satisfaction, and interest in practice. Critical thinking disposition and the degree of self-training aid influenced performance of basic nursing skills by nursing students, and these variables explained 23.8% of the total variance of basic nursing skills performance. These findings suggest, in order to improve performance of basic nursing skills in nursing students, it is necessary to use various teaching methods that help improve critical thinking and relevant curriculum that promote self-practice.
Effects of Private Certificate Holder's Motivation for Certificate Affects Career Development and Job Satisfaction
Kim, Seong-Pil ; Lee, Min-Soon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 352~361
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.352
This research examines how influential the certificate is on career development and job satisfaction. The outcome of substantial analysis on hypothesis of the study is: First, three factors-proactiveness, value, competitiveness are the positive effect on motivation for certificate. However, it is shown that the correlation and regulation factors do not have a significant effect on career development. Second, career development has a positive relation with the job satisfaction. Third, value and association among motivation factors for certificate acquisition have a positive effect on job satisfaction. However, it is revealed that proactiveness, competitiveness, and bylaw factors do not have significant influences on job satisfaction. These outcomes prove that private certificates do not meet the need realistically in the business field. It is caused by the low level of difficulty of the certificate exam, which results in the standardization state where it becomes easier for anyone to obtain the certificate. In order to resolve the problem in relation to the private certificate acquisition, it is suggested that advices of field experts should be actively reflected on the exam and that the difficulty of the exam should be moderated to acquire comparability and to reflect reality.
A Study on the Application Technique of Realtime Bridge Monitoring System based on GNSS
Yeon, Sang-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 362~369
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.362
Recently, Last to check the security status of various medium and large bridge structures using various kinds of measurement equipment, but most of the methods are used to measure and check the displacement behavior of the bridge by a certain period. In this study, receive GPS satellite signals that can be observed in real time the whole region, a bridge to automatically measure the displacement and behavior characteristics of the structure in real-time in mm over the 24 hours, the measurement information and transmits the data to the wireless network, by making use, it was applied to the real-time monitoring system in connection with a bridge to be able to automatically notify GNSS fine displacement behavior. In fact, analysis and receives the measurement data to GNSS provided in the upper bridge of the middle and large-sized aging for this purpose, measuring USN and at the same time is converted into a three-dimensional position information of a test study was conducted to monitor the bridge displacement in real time. As a result, a vertical displacement of about 0.027~0.037m at the measurement time of day of the measurement point is that the repeated and confirmed.
Study on Trends and Characteristics of Infringement the Right to Likeness by the Press
Dong, Seho ; Kim, Sungyong ; Ahn, Horim ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 370~381
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.370
This study was designed to examine the Trends and Characteristics of Infringement of right to likeness by the Press in Korea. We did an analysis of 81 cases of the court's rulings related to Infringement of right to likeness by the Press from 1990 to 2014. As a result, it shows that the first court's ruling of portrait rights violations by the press was made in 1990. The results showed that there were the increasing number of disputing cases over Infringement of right to likeness against Broadcasting media in the 2000s compared to monthly magazines in the 1990s, which were regarded as gonzo journalism. Since the 2000s, 71% of lawsuits regarding Infringement of right to likeness has been against the Broadcasting Media due to increasing the influence of the broadcasting and possibility of Infringement of right to likeness by visual images. Especially, the number of lawsuits on infringement of rights to likeness has increased rapidly by the Broadcasting Media. Only 23 cases(28.4%) of total 81 cases were decided in favor of the press. the press shows the low success in disputing the rights of likeness. this study shows the korean courts put more weight on the right to likeness and the breaking a balance between freedom of the press and right of person's character. However, 52.9% of the cases was decided in favor of The press against the plaintiff of public figures compared to 22% against the public. It can be difficult for public figures to win lawsuit against the press causing the Infringement of right to likeness. Judging from this fact, it seemed that the court recognized media watchdog for public figures.
Forecasting and Analysis of Customized Shoes Design in Domestic and Overseas Brands
Byun, Hee Jean ; Byun, Trina Hyunjin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 382~390
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.382
This study has investigated the status and overview of design characteristics of customized shoes, which receives much recognition at domestic and overseas markets. Based on the market research on current consumer lifestyle and needs of the custom-shoes(which is an abbreviation of customized shoes), this study has provided its development directions, views and demands. The design types of custom-shoes have been broadly divide into two: firstly 'style centered custom-shoes'; secondly 'function centered custom-shoes'. Style centered custom-shoes are specifically divided into 3 types; first, formal custom-shoes; second, sports and casual custom-shoes; and lastly, bespoke shoes. Function centered custom-shoes design refers to enhancing the function of personal soleprint which has to be designed by delicately detailed insole and outsole, rather than alignment of exterior parts of the shoes. These are used in professional sports shoes and also include orthopedics footwear and grafted footwear for people who have disabled on foot. Custom footwear market has been highly expanded and has entered value-added market according to increasing interest in foot health and shopping trends on shoes buying like taking shoes as personal expression in accordance with a variety of places and situations. In the near future, custom-shoes can be produced in a couple of days due to the technological advance of 3D scanners and 3D printers. This phenomenon will wants more demands of specific shoes experts such as custom-design consultants or shoes fitting experts, who can overcome limitations of online custom-shoes stores.
Meta Analysis of the Correlation between early Childhood Teachers' Teaching Efficacy and their Job Satisfaction
Gong, Eun-Hwa ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 391~402
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.391
The purpose of this study is to use meta-analysis as a research method to investigate the correlation between early child teachers' teaching efficacy and their job satisfaction, and thereby look into the effect size of the two variables and their sub-variables. To achieve the purpose, this researcher chose a total of 37 theses for analysis and collected 289 data for analyzing the effect size. Based on the data, CMA(Comprehensive Meta Analysis) 2.0 was applied. According to the analysis, the correlation between early childhood teachers' teaching efficacy and their job satisfaction was higher than the medium effect size on the basis of Cohen(1992) research. In the sub-variables of teaching efficacy, the correlation of personal teaching efficacy with job satisfaction showed higher effect size than that of general teaching efficacy. In the sub-variables of job satisfaction, the correlation between the belief in job and teaching efficacy showed the highest effect size. In terms of thesis type as a moderating variable, Ph.D dissertations showed higher effect size than journals or M.A. theses. As the result of the meta-analysis on publishing year and the number of samples, there was no statistical significance. On the basis of the analysis results, discussions and limitations of this study were suggested.
Effects of Job Stress on the Depression of Elderly Police Officers and Moderating Effects of Organizational Health
Jeon, Byeong-Joo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 403~414
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.403
This study aims to examine the influence of job stress on the depression conducted with 360 police officers working at police station branch and police box in Chungbuk area, and they were divided into two sub-groups based on the age of 50 in order to analyze the buffering effect of organizational health in the relationship between job stress and depression. The main results of this study are as follows. First, the level of depression in the group older than 50 and younger than 50 were 3.22 and 2.90 respectively showing that in the group older than 50 were significantly higher. Second, the factors that influence the depression were shown to be similar for each group, but significantly different for their influence of each group. The factors that influence the depression in the group older than 50 were shown in the order of organizational structure, job stress, readership. The factors that influence the depression in the group younger than 50 were shown in the order of job stress, police officers ability, readership. Third, in the relationship between job stress and depression, buffering effects of organizational health were identified to be different in each group. Based on these results, several ways were suggested to prevent or ease the job stress and depression of police officers.
Study on the Ways to Improve Cultural Impact Assessment System
Kwon, Ki-Chang ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 415~423
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.415
Cultural impact assessment system is a program to improve the quality of people's life by minimizing the negative effects and maximizing the positive effects on the cultural environment when a central government or local governments implement policies or plans. It was introduced in 2013 by Framework Act on the Promotion of Cultural Industries. Now the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism is promoting a pilot project for cultural impact assessment system to reduce trial and error and settle it as a successful system. This study examined previous studies, international case studies, and various cultural impact assessment systems in oder to successfully seated cultural impact assessment systems and proposed ways to improve evaluations regarding objects, index, process, scale of objects, and evaluation agency. For the system to run smoothly in the future, additional researches are needed on the scale of evaluation objects, setting up detailed evaluation index, the composition of evaluation committee and its operation, and the introduction of cultural impact evaluators.
Study on the Effect of Augmented Reality Contents-Based Instruction for Adult Learners on Academic Achievement, Interest and Flow
Lee, Heejun ; Cha, Sang-An ; Kwon, Hae-Na ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 424~437
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.424
The purpose of this study is to find out the effect of augmented reality contents based instruction for adult learners on academic achievement, interest and flow in learning. The subject populations were 80 students randomly sampled from an IT institute and they were evenly placed into two groups. One cell as an experimental group studied with augmented reality based contents and the other cell as a control group studied under textbook based instruction for two weeks. The experimental design of this study was the pre-posttest control group design. The results are summarized as follows: First, there was no significant difference in academic achievement between two groups. Second, the group studied with augmented reality based contents showed higher interest in learning than textbook based instruction group. Finally, there was a significant difference in flow in learning between two groups. The augment reality based instruction group showed higher scores of flow than the other group. The implication of this study is that augmented reality contents may have different effects for adult learners in academic achievement compared with younger learners.
The Effects of Police Organizational Culture & Organizational Commitment on Social Loafing
Joo, Jae-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 438~444
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.438
Previous findings on Social Loafing indicated that Social Loafing explained the organizational commitment, that the lower level of Social Loafing they had, the higher performance they would have, and that it is a useful index for effectiveness of the organization. This study explored the Police Organizational culture & Organizational Commitment on Social Loafing. The Police officers' Police Officer's Organizational culture & Organizational Commitment and Social Loafing has been measured, and then how Organizational culture & Organizational Commitment affects Police Officer's Social Loafing has been examined. The study results may be used as a theoretical basis to assert the need of Organizational culture & Organizational Commitment to decrease the Police Officer's Social Loafing. Independent variable is Police Officer's Social Loafing and Dependent variable is comprises 2 categories; Police Organizational culture(The group culture, The hierarchical culture, The developmental culture, The rational culture), & the Organizational Commitment(Affective Commitment, Continuance Commitment, Normative Commitment). The result of analysis showed that The group culture & Normative Commitment influenced in Social Loafing(positive), and The Rational culture, Affective Commitment, & Continuance Commitment in Social Loafing(negative).
Development and Validation of Korean Youth Lifelong Learning Competency Indicators for Future Society
Sung, Eunmo ; Jin, Sung-Hee ; Kim, Hyekyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 445~458
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.445
The purpose of this study is to develop indicators for assessing korean youth lifelong learning competency and to validate the structure of the competencies. To achieve this research aims, the indicators for assessing life-long learning competence were drawn by systemic literature review and they were validated and modified by expert review method and two surveys targeting youth. 28 youth experts participated in the expert review. Participants were 333 middle or high school students for the first survey and 791 middle or high school students for the second survey. As results, the 3 competencies and nine sub-competencies were developed: thinking(wholistic thinking, critical thinking, emotional thinking), intellectual tools use(language, mathematic and science, information and communication technology), learning adaptability(change capacity, intellectual curiosity, learning-direction). The results of this study will provide the fundamental guidelines for developing various activities and establishing youth policies related to korean youth life-long learning competency.
Relationships between Metacognition, Problem Solving Process, and Debriefing Experience in Simulation as Problem-based Learning (S-PBL)
Choi, Eun Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 459~469
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.459
The purpose of this study was to identify relationships between metacogintion, problem solving process, and debriefing experience in S-PBL. Study participants were 102 nursing students who took the integrated S-PBL class in their last semester. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire and analyzed into descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression. The highest subscale of debriefing experience was 'appropriate facilitator guidance' 3.78 (out of 5). Problem solving process and metacognition were positively correlated (r=0.704, p<.001). Metacognition was positively correlated with debriefing experience(r=0.197, p<.05), especially area of 'learning and making connections'(r=0.235, p<.05) whereas, there was no significant correlation between problem solving process and debriefing experience. Multiple regression (enter method) showed that gender and metacognition explained 51.2% of problem solving process. This study offers a rationale on simulation debriefing and further studies are needed to support effects of experiences of debriefing and factors on problem solving process and debriefing in nursing simulation.
Victimization, Psychological Adaptation, and Delinquency among Adolescents
Kim, Youngmi ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 470~481
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.470
The purpose of this study is to identify the actual condition of poly-victimization and examine the difference in the levels of psychological adaptation and delinquency by victimization types among adolescents. A total 6,174 cases from '2013 Adolescent Deviant Behaviors and Policy Issues' of NYPI was used for the analysis. Main findings are that 8.3% of adolescents exposed to more than two types of victimization and 2.1% of them experienced more than three types of victimization. There were significant differences in the levels of psychological adaptation and delinquency by victimization types. Study findings were discussed in terms of implications for research and intervention of adolescent poly-victimization.
The Regional Characteristics of 119 Ambulance Dispatch, the Distance and Response Time to the Scene
Lee, Kyoung-youl ; Moon, Jun-dong ; Choi, Eun-sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 482~492
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.482
Purpose This study is to investigate regional characteristics of 119 ambulance dispatch and the relationship between the distance and response time to the scene. Methods This study was retrospectively conducted 119 running sheets with 1,321 patients who had been transferred to the hospital by 119 ambulance during ambulance attendant training. The training was performed at two, five and three fire station in Seoul, Daejeon and Chungnam respectively, from June 24, 2013 to July 19, 2014. Results Almost the emergency medical services provided were no more than basic first aid in all regions. The patients transferred by 119 ambulance in Seoul were more than other region. The time of call to scene and scene to hospital were the slowest in Chungnam. The major reason of call 119 was due to disease in Seoul and Daejeon, however due to injury in Chungnam. Conclusion Our study suggests that learning from ambulance attendant training course could diverse from region to region. It is, therefore, needed that standardization of ambulance attendant training course, appropriate logistics and resource allocation for providing universal quality of emergency medical services.
Study on the Differences of the Government Social Support for Unmarried Mother Child-rearing between at the Home and in the Facilities
Park, Younghye ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 493~502
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.493
The purpose of this research is to investigate differences of governmental parts in social supports for unmarried mothers at home and those at facilities and to look at policy alternatives. Despite of the rising number of unmarried child rearing mothers in recent years, the governmental supports are not sufficient enough to aid even the most basic sustenance. The research on the governmental supports shows that unmarried child-rearing mothers at home were more aged, more employed, more educated and had children of more month ages than those at facilities. Single mothers at facilities were getting more governmental supports excluding crisis support and paternity test than those at home who appeared to be experiencing more difficulties. Based on the results from this research work, more realistic governmental policies are proposed to help a stable settlement of unmarried child-rearing mothers.
'Others' as Mimesis and 'Multiculturalism' as Diegesis: Focus on the Visual Discourses of Migrants Represented on Terrestrial Broadcasting News
Joo, Jaewon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 503~514
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.503
The starting point of this study is an examination of the vital role of terrestrial broadcasting in Korean society, where ethnic minorities have increasingly become visible. Korean terrestrial broadcasters' mandate emphasises the broadcaster's responsibility to represent and reflect the range of public opinion and experiences beyond class, age, ethnicity and ideological orientation. The main purpose of this study is to visually examine the means through which terrestrial broadcasting generates discourses of We-ness and Otherness at times of change in the Korean society. The study focuses on prime-time broadcasting news programmes' visual representations of migrants and ethnic minorities.
Volumetric Image System for High Efficiency Video Coding
Kim, Sang Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 515~520
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.515
Volumetric image system has many applications recently in education, 3D movie, medical images but these applications have several problems that need to be overcome. Volumetric display may process a amount of visual data and design the high efficient vision system for realtime display. In case of stereo system for volumetric display motion vectors, disparity vectors from the stereoscopic sequences and residual images with the reference images has been transmitted, and the stereoscopic sequences have been reconstructed at the receiver for volumetric display. So central issue for the design of efficient volumetric image system lies in selecting an appropriate stereo matching and robust vision system. In this paper, we proposed high efficient vision system, which design vision stage with rotating and moving horizontally, and match the successive stereo image efficiently. In experimental results with volumetric image system, the proposed method represents high efficiency with minimizing error and low computational load for volumetric display.
A Study on Value of Artistic Presentation on Motion Graphics -Focused on F5 and Semi-Permanent-
Son, Kook-Hwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 521~529
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.521
This paper presents the historical development process and expressive style of motion graphics which are intended to artistic expression, and discusses the value of artistic expressions in motion graphics through the works and activities of F5 and Semi-Permanent which are the representative organization of that. Commercial use of digital motion graphics has been rapidly widespread and used in most of the picture contents by changes in the digital video production environment with the development of the computer. Motion graphics begins with a graphic design applied to the motion graphic content and is transferred from the abstract representation of the animation at the same time. Since then motion graphics have been developed as an independent genre on the basis of graphic design and animation, and take the important position for the understanding and development of the contemporary design and content industry. Moreover, the motion graphics which present the experiment of various techniques and the aspect of mixed genres contribute to the development and diversification of the visual image. This paper is covered on not only F5 and Semi-Permanent that have published experimental artistic motion graphics but also the analysis of the developed ways and expressive patters to produce experimental motion graphics of their works. Furthermore, it discusses the experimental artistic value of these works.
The Effects of Communication between Child-caring Teachers and Parents on Teacher's Burn-out and Efficacy
Park, Hye-Jung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 530~540
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.530
The objective of this study is to verify the effects among communication between child-caring teachers and parents, teacher's burn-out and efficacy. An object of the study was totally 165 child-caring teachers, and the questionnaires survey results were used for statistical analysis by using questionnaires for survey constructed by Likert 5 point scale as a measuring scale. Collected data was statistically analyzed with SPSS 18.0 and AMOS 18.0 statistical program, and the statistical significance was verified with a significant level of 5%. The main results were withdrawn as follows. First, the communication between child-caring teachers and parents has a negatively significant effect on the child-caring teacher's burn-out. Second, the child-caring teacher's burn-out has a negatively significant effect on child-caring teacher's efficacy. Third, the communication between child-caring teachers and parents has a positively significant effect on child-caring teacher's efficacy. Fourth, the child-caring teacher's burn-out has a significant mediation effect between the communication and the teacher's efficacy. These results implies the importance of the communication between child-caring teachers and parents in order to decrease teacher's burn-out which is negative factor for teacher's efficacy.
Causal Role of Affective Commitment and Calculative Commitment in Explaining Relationships Between Service Characteristics and Trust and Services Loyalty in Dental Service Setting
Choi, Chul-Jae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 541~557
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.541
The purpose of this study is to identifies services characteristics such as service customization, service ability, service empathy impacts on trust, affective commitment and calculative commitment, and explains causal role of affective commitment and calculative commitment by verifies relationships between trust and affective commitment and calculative commitment and customer loyalty in dental service setting. Analysis of structural equation modeling with SPSS 20.0 and AMOS 16.0 were performed to test the research hypothesis. The result of the study as follows: First, it was found that service customization had effect on affective commitment, and service ability had influence on trust, and service empathy impacts on both trust and affective commitment, but calculative commitment was not found to significant path coefficients in relationships with service characteristics. Second, trust had effects on calculative commitment, but not affective commitment. Third, affective commitment and calculative commitment positively had influence on customer loyalty. Therefore, Dental service providers should be increase user confidence by showing empathy and the ability to service. Customer who had formed trust is to build customer loyalty by inducing loyalty directly or by presents a variety of benefits indirectly. The high emotional attachment customer will have to present a suitable marketing strategies to build strong customer loyalty.
Resolved Factors to Low Fertility in France
Yi, Moun-Souk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 558~567
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.558
In the case of France which was successful in improving the ultra-low fertility rates of birth and South Korea, from the late 1980s, the birth rate fell continuously. In 1994, total fertility rate fell 1.66, but thanks to the active family policy of the government in the mid 1990s, it grew and maintained 2.0 average since the year 2008 until now. This study examined carefully how France was not classified as advanced welfare state, overcame the obstacles of low fertility problem in the socio-economic and institutional side and trying to get some suggestions from South Korea in which it of such problems in the field of low fertility.
The Relationship between Work-Family Conflict and Individual Engagement: Moderating Effect of Perceived Wellness Climate
Wang, Dong ; Cha, Yunsuk ; Nam, Yoonsung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 568~577
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.568
The purpose of this study is to verify the moderating effect of perceived wellness climate in the relationship where work-family conflict influences individual engagement. For this, survey was executed on employees of 11 companies including IT, service, manufacturing and etc. After the survey was executed, statistical analysis was executed. This study executed validity test, credibility test, and Hierarchical Linear Regression. The analysis result is as follows. First, work-family (family-work) conflict gives negative (-) influence on individual engagement. Second, perceived wellness climate was marginally significant in the relationship between work-family conflict and individual engagement. And the control effect of perceived wellness climate in the relationship between family-work conflict and individual engagement was significant according to statistics. The conclusion states the implications and limitations of this study, and suggests directions on future studies.
Various Applicabilities on Dance Contents through Cases of Gaga
Kim, Eun Jung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 578~584
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.578
The Purpose of this study is to suggest various kinds of applicability by analyse a case of application, Gaga movement Language of Ohad Naharin. There are experiences based on participation on Gaga Workshop in Tel Aviv, 2015, Gaga People Website that Gaga Movement Ltd. have for running programs, Dance Journals and Theses for materials. As a result, Gaga was applied to performing arts, education and Tourism. It evolved movement in dance works and narrowed the distances between dancers and audiences in performing arts. Gaga/Dancers was for dance education contents for professional dancers. Gaga/people was for Dance education contents for public. Last, Gaga was applicable to tourism as it combined with regional nature of desert, in Gaga in Desert. This achievement is originated by the way of Gaga Movement Ltd. business Most of all, it was the attitude of returning their achievement of dance in art. It is considered that various kinds of application on dance contents enriches culture in society.
A Study on Students' Recognition and Practice of Patient's Medical Information Protection, who are majoring in Medical Records
Jung, Sang-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 585~594
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.585
This study is aimed at researching and analyzing the students' recognition and practice of the patents medical information, who are majoring in medical records and will be working as medical records technician, letting them recognize the importance of information, and at offering basic data required for development of medical records curriculum and for establishment of medical records protection policy. This study was conducted from 18th May through 6th June 2015, targeting 340 students enrolled four universities, by t-test, variance analysis, Pearson correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. As a result of this study, the point of protection recognition and practice recognition is 3.55 and 3.49, respectively, out of 5. With regard to recognition of medical information protection, there was a significant difference in grade, satisfaction for major, experience of medical information protection education and recognition of law, while for recognition of practice, in grade, satisfaction for major, educational experience and damage of medical information exposure. Recognition of protection and recognition of practice had a significant static correlation, and recognition of information exposure, recognition of social issue and recognition of legal system had significant positive effect on recognition of practice. In order to raise the recognition of protection and recognition of practice, based on this study, it is considered necessary for the universities to educate the damage of medical information exposure and importance of medical records management, and to raise the students' recognition.
Influence of Foreigners' Cultural Characteristics on National Image, the Image of Korean Medical Services, and Behavioral Intention to use Korean Medical Services - Focused on Chinese & Russians -
Kim, Mi-Kyoung ; Cho, Duk-Young ; Kim, Yun-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 595~610
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.595
This study investigates the parameters that affect the choice of Korean medical services, as well as the relationship between the cultural characteristics and the behavioral intention to use Korean medical services. The cultural characteristics of Chinese and Russian individuals have an impact on the national image and image of Korea's medical services, and that this affects their behavioral intention to use Korean medical services. Nevertheless, there were differences among the cultural characteristics, in terms of specific elements. Among Chinese individuals, the national image is affected by 'power distance', 'individualism-collectivism', and 'long-term orientation'; for Russians, it is affected by 'individualism-collectivism', 'power distance', 'uncertainty avoidance', and 'long-term orientation'. On the other hand, for Chinese, the image of Korean medical services is affected by 'power distance' and 'long-term orientation', while for Russians it is affected by 'power distance' and 'uncertainty avoidance'. These in turn influence their behavioral intention to use Korean medical services. As such, by recognizing these cultural properties, and by designing and offering suitable services with these in mind, Korean medical institutions can nurture among foreign visitors greater satisfaction and a desire to revisit.
Brand Authenticity Mediated the Effect of Brand Authority and Ethicality on Purchase and Word-of-mouth Intention
Lee, Jong Man ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 611~619
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.611
Prior researches on brand authenticity so far have focused on the scale development for measuring brand authenticity. However, at the point of time it is necessary to consider the utilization of the proposed scale in an integrative approach. Accordingly, this study aims to examine brand authenticity mediated the effect of brand authority and ethicality on purchase and word-of-mouth intention. The survey method was used for this paper, and data from a total of 136 office workers were used for the analysis. And structural equation model was used to analyze the data. The results of this empirical study is summarized as followings. First, brand authority and ethicality do not have a direct effect on purchase and word-of-mouth intention but brand authenticity mediates the effect of brand authority and ethicality. Second, brand authority and ethicality have positive effect on brand authenticity. This study provides information on the purchase and word-of-mouth intention of salary man. Further, it will provide meaning suggestion point of the importance of brand authenticity in establishing the policy of brand management.
Relationship among Human Rights Awareness, Social Support and Social Integration in Disability Service Providers
Kim, Jin-Youn ; Kim, Young-Chun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 620~631
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.620
This study was performed to verify the effects of disability service providers' human rights awareness and social support on social integration. In addition to identifying the mediating effect of social support when human rights awareness are recognized impact on social integration and verified the direct and indirect effects on social integration. In result, First, human rights awareness is having a statistically significant effect on social support, Second, on human rights awareness also it showed a statistically significant effect on social integration. Third, social support has been identified as affecting social integration, Under the influence of social support appeared to affect human rights awareness recognized indirectly in social integration. This the human rights awareness affects directly social integration, social support was identified as mediators in the process of human rights awareness and social integration. Therefore, If a disability service providers made the correct recognition for human rights and social support can be seen that social integration can be achieved.
Effects of Cultural Tourism Commentators' Needs on Job Satisfaction and Continuance Will
Park, Ho-Pyo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 632~641
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.632
The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence relationship on the cultural tourism commentators' job satisfaction and willingness to continue by the needs of cultural tourism commentators when insufficient compared to workers in other industries. For this, I used a questionnaire organized based on Maslow's hierarchy of needs to conduct a survey of guides who participated in cultural tour guides training program in Chungcheongbuk-do and Jeollanam-do from Aug. 10 through Sep. 7, 2015. 198 of total 200 copies of the questionnaire were collected. Except 30 copies in which missing values or insincerely filled out, 168 copies were used as data for the analysis in this study. And I used SPSS 18.0 to conduct exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and regression analysis. The analysis showed that cultural tour guides' needs were identified as the four factors of self-actualization, social need, safety and esteem, and physiological needs. Also, self-actualization and social need exercised positive influence on job satisfaction, and regard to the job satisfaction exerted significant positive influence on willingness to continue working. Based on these findings, this paper suggests implications and limitation of the research as well as future directions for the study.
Development of Physical Activities Self-Management Questionnaire of Elementary Students
Ahn, Jeong-Deok ; Jeong, Sang-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 642~654
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.642
The purpose of this study was analyze the characteristics of self-management of the physical activity questionnaire elementary and develop self-management. To do this, from the average student is selected to receive training in physical education gifted students, and to cover up the children who are acting as an athlete in the current schools participated in a variety of students. Professional meetings, inductive categorization, item analysis, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis conducted, the verification was carried out between different groups discriminant validity for verification. As a result, physical activity self-management factor is the support of the parents of elementary school students, exercise management, life management, interest, self-confidence, support of parents, personal management were six factors determined to be a total of 24 questions. In addition, Gifted children was higher than in all the sub-factors of physical activity self-management in the general child population. As a result, we ensure the validity of the test to diagnose physical activity as a self-managed by first responders schools.
The Effects of Work Environment of Staff in Group Home for the People with Disabilities on their Job Satisfaction
Seok, Yeo-Hee ; Choi, Hee-Chul ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 655~665
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.655
This study analyzed how work environment of staff in group homes on their job satisfaction targeting 148 persons. As a result, this study found that the staff recognize challenge and role ambiguity at the level which is above level ranging from 3.08 to 3.61 points with respect to 6 subdomains of work environment, but showed a relative vulnerability regarding comfortability, monetary reward, role conflict and workload as below average ranging from 1.80 to 2.73 points. Results of multiple regression analysis show that challenge and role ambiguity exert a significant influence on their job satisfaction. The above results suggest that it is necessary to provide staff with an opportunity for self-development and challenge by specifying service standards for social rehabilitation teachers in work environment and strengthening group home support system in various ways, enhancing support or advocacy necessary for solving problems.
Effects of the LOHAS Image of Restaurants on Involvement and Willingness to Pay
Kim, Na-Hyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 666~675
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.666
With the changing consciousness of consumers, there has been an increasing interest in nature-friendly lifestyles and safety of food ingredients. Therefore, the LOHAS image, which has value in social health and sustainability, is expected to be a factor that helps restaurants establish differentiation strategies. This study examined the LOHAS image of restaurants on involvement and willingness to pay. The results were as follows. First, eco-friendly food ingredients and interiors among the LOHAS image factors of restaurants had a significant effect on involvement. Second, the perception of LOHAS in the LOHAS image factors of restaurants had a significant effect on involvement. These results may be due to the lack of a conceptual understanding of LOHAS among restaurant customers, who fail to properly grasp its meaning. Therefore, in order to promote the LOHAS image of restaurants to customers, it is necessary to consider presenting POPs or signs that will enable customers to understand the concept of LOHAS inside the restaurant. Third, consumers' involvement turned out to have a significant effect on their willingness to pay. Thus, it is necessary to imprint the image of a LOHAS restaurant using eco-friendly colors, sculptures, and agricultural products so that customers can perceive food ingredients or interior elements as eco-friendly.
Factors Influencing Fear of Falling in Patients with Parkinson's Disease in the Community
Seon, Sun Hee ; Kim, Jeong Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 676~687
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.676
The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of motor function, depression, and fear of falling, and to identify factors influencing fear of falling in patients with Parkinson's disease in the community. The participants were 180 patients with Parkinson's disease who were selected by convenience sampling. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple linear regression. There was a significant difference in fear of falling according to gender, occupation, walking assistance device, number of falls, Parkinson's disease stage, duration of illness, antihypertensive drug, motor function, and depression. Fear of falling showed significant positive correlations with motor function, and depression. Depression, number of falls, Parkinson's disease stage, gender, antihypertensive drug, and motor function were significant predictors influencing fear of falling in patients with Parkinson's disease, and these variables accounted for 36.0% of the variance. Depression of the influencing factors was the strongest factor. The results of this study suggest that a variety of intervention strategies for preventing or mitigating depression with systematic nursing assessment of the influencing factors on fear of falling are needed to prevent fear of falling in patients with Parkinson's disease.
Relationship between Middle School Boys' Game Addiction and Aggression: Focused on Mediation effects of Covert Narcissism
Lim, Jeeyoung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 688~698
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.688
This study examined the mediation effects of covert narcissism on the relationship between game addiction and aggression. For this study, 578 middle school boys in Chungcheong areas were included in the analysis. The results are as follows. First, correlation analyses showed that game addiction was positively correlated with covert narcissism and aggression. In addition, covert narcissism showed positive correlation with aggression. Second, step-wise regression analyses were conducted to examine the relative size that sub-factors of game addiction and covert narcissism explained aggression. It could be known that three factors of game addiction(tolerance, disregard of everyday life, damage of control) and two factors of covert narcissism(exploitation/self-centeredness, oversensitivity/vulnerability) showed significant explanatory power for aggression. Third, the Structural Equation Model was designed in which factors of game addiction and covert narcissism with significant explanatory power for aggression were included. Covert narcissism was found to partially mediate the influence of the boys' game addiction on aggression. Finally implications of this study and directions for future research were discussed.
Synchronization Phenomenon and Correlation Analysis of Global Stock Market
Choi, Jeong-Il ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 699~707
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.699
The purpose of this study, including the Korea stock market and neighboring countries markets is seeing a look at the correlation and synchronization phenomenon. For this purpose, which is expected to have an impact on Korea's stock market, selection the United States and China, Japan, Germany on behalf of the European analyzed the data of the last 151 months. Any analysis, Korea market appeared to show a high correlation with the synchronization phenomenon in Germany and the United States. However Korea and Japan exhibited a low correlation. While the US market showed a very high correlation with Germany but showed a low correlation with China. China has been judged by the proprietary market due to a low correlation with the United States and Japan. The Japanese market has been more affected in Germany and the United States than Asian markets. German market is analyzed to influence the US market under the influence of the Asian market.
Emotional Labor, Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intention of Nurses in the Regional General Hospital
Jeong, Yeon-hee ; Lee, Chang-suk ; Choe, Hana ; Park, Ju-young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 708~719
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.708
This research is conducted to grasp emotional labor, job satisfaction, and related turnover intention of nurses at a regional general hospital; to lower level of emotional labor; to raise job satisfaction; to reduce turnover intention; to perform efficient personnel management; and then, to provide qualitative nursing care. Convenient sampling of 100 nurses at a general hospital in D city, who agreed to participation in the test, was made and an analysis method of t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation was used from April 6 to April 12, 2015 by using questionnaires. According to the research, average score of emotional labor was
; average score of job satisfaction was
; and, average score of turnover intention
. Emotional labor had negative correlation with job satisfaction (r=-.56, p<.001) but it showed positive correlation with turnover intention (r=.67, p<.001) while job satisfaction revealed negative correlation with turnover intention (r=-.64, p<.001). According to result of the research, it is required to prepare systematic measures in order to lower level of emotional labor of nurses who play important role of the hospital and to raise job satisfaction, and it is also required to make positive efforts to solve fundamental problems to provide high quality caring service through satisfying nurses' morale.
Designing and Exploring the Possibility Science Contents based on Augmented Reality for Students with Intellectual Disability
Kim, Jung-Soo ; Lee, Tae-Su ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 720~733
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.720
Using various types of educational media plays an important role in educating students with disabilities. In recent years, augmented reality has emerged as an important technology that can increase the effectiveness of special education programs. This study developed augmented reality contents focusing on the theme 'Weather and Life' in the 'Na' unit of the Basic Special School Curriculum, and explored the possibility of applying the contents to the science education. The contents design instructions and educational programs for this study were developed based on a focus-group interview conducted with five special school teachers and two developers. To explore the possibility of applying the augmented reality contents, a usability evaluation was conducted with 23 special school teachers and 18 students with intellectual disability. The results showed that the augmented reality contents had a high level of usability as the special school teachers received 4.73 and the students with intellectual disability received 4.75 out of 5. As a result of this study, we can draw a conclusion that there is a high possibility of applying augmented reality contents to science education for students with intellectual disability.
The Effect of the Plantar Pressure on Dynamic Balance by Fatigue of Leg in the Subjects with Functional Ankle Instability
Kim, Ho-Sung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 734~742
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.734
Purpose : The present study was aimed at investigating the plantar pressure on dynamic balance of subjects with functional ankle instability following fatigue of lower leg. Methods : The subjects(30 university students) were divided into 2 groups ; functional ankle instability group(7males and 7females) and ankle stable group(9males & 7females) who could evaluate questionnaire. All the participants were evaluated muscle fatigue of lower leg by Biodex system III and distribution of plantar pressure by Zebris FDM-S system, The dynamic balance was tested by single-leg jump landing. This study were to measure of plantar pressure on dynamic balance with the difference between FAIG and control group following muscle fatigue. Results : In functional ankle instability group(FAIG), the post-fatigue was significantly higher than pre-fatigue in forefoot(p2,p3,p4) of plantar pressure on dynamic balance(p<0.05). The FAIG was significantly higher than the ASG in forefoot(p2, p3, p4) & lat midfoot(p6) of plantar pressure after fatigue in dynamic balance(p<0.05). The FAIG was significantly longer than the ASG in anteroposterior(AP) & mediolateral(ML) distance on center of pressure(CoP) after fatigue in dynamic balance(p<0.05). Conclusion : This study showed that FAIG were effected plantar pressure and center of pressure(CoP) by dynamic balance following muscle fatigue. Further study is needed to measure various age & work with ankle instability for clinical application.
Effects of English Grammar Teaching in Korean Context: A Meta-analysis
Lee, Je-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 743~752
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.743
This study aims to investigate the overall effects of teaching grammar in the Korean EFL classroom. A meta-analysis of 67 research findings in 30 articles was conducted to synthesize the results of these studies by calculating the mean effect sizes. This study reviewed and analyzed the previous studies in terms of subjects, treatment period, and types of grammar teaching. The results showed that teaching grammar in the classroom had beneficial effects on learners in general (d=.907). It was found to be more effective for middle school and university students than for elementary and high school students (Q=37.065, df=3, p=.000). There was no statistically significant difference in terms of treatment period and types of grammar teaching. Pedagogical implications and suggestions for Korean EFL learners are also discussed.
Game Use and School Life of Korean Adolescents: Gender Difference and Moderating Effects of Social Relationship
Kim, Kyungmi ; Youm, Yoosik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 753~765
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.753
This study examines links between Korean adolescents' uses of games and their school lives. A gender-based analysis was conducted and moderating effects of social relationship variables were tested. The major findings are as follows. First, some gender differences were found in impacts of game use. For example, although a game addiction variable appeared to influence both male and female adolescents negatively on the school-related conscientiousness, only male students displayed a negative impact of game time. It represents a gender difference in the preferred game genres and ways of using them. Second, the analysis showed that variables of social relationship could moderate the negative effects of game use. While the relationship with father appeared to moderate the negative effects of game time in male adolescents, the relationship with mother turned out to relieve the negative impacts of game addiction in female ones. In the case of male adolescents, however, the relationship with the parents did not show any moderating effect on game addiction. This study supports the claim that it is necessary to take a gendered approach in studying gaming.
Influence of Team Performance on the Transformational Leadership & SelfLeadership - Focus on the Employees of Public Enterprises -
Bae, Byung-ok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 1, 2016, Pages 766~777
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.01.766
This study is aimed at suggesting the implications about the utility of team system and importance of leadership through the analysis of what influence of transformational leadership and self leadership has on team performance. This study used the LMX theory & social exchange theory arguing that exchange relation quality forms between organizational members, and situational theory stating that leadership suited for business environment should be displayed as the theoretical background of this research. This study, targeting 9 domestic energy-related public enterprises, proved the research hypotheses through regression analysis under SPSS 20.0 by using the effective data on 880 respondents from 166 teams in total. As a result of the research, a team leader's transformational leadership was found to have a positive influence on team performance, and the behaviour strategy, and cognitive strategy of self leadership were found to significantly modulate the relation between a team leader's transformational leadership and team performance, thus getting to adopt all of the initially-set research hypotheses. The salient point was that the effect was found to be much stronger from the group whose self leadership was low. What this research results imply is that if a team leader in team organization should look to it that team members themselves could be self-motivated by assigning goals, which can be put into practice with concern, to the members of a group whose self leadership is relatively low, team performance could improve more clearly than would otherwise be the case.