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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 8 - Aug 2016
Volume 16, Issue 7 - Jul 2016
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 16, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Aroma Inhalation Therapy on Stress, Anxiety and Depression in Coronary Care Unit Patients
Lim, Su Young ; Park, Hyojung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 1~10
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.001
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of aroma inhalation on stress, anxiety and depression in coronary care unit patients. The study was a nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design. Participants were thirty patients for the experimental group, and thirty-three patients for the control group. The instruments were VAS, the equipment, developed by Spielberger(1972) and adapted by Kim & Shin(1978), Beck Depression Inventory-II(BDI-II). Data were collected from 25 February, 2015 to 8 May, 2015. The data were analyzed number and percentage,
-test, t-test, paired t-test. There were no statistically significant effects of aroma inhalation treatment for patients in coronary care unit on the stress, anxiety, and depression. Therefore, it is required follow-up studies that it is tried in a variety of ways for reducing the stress, anxiety, and depression in coronary care unit patients,
Development of Structure Dynamic Characteristics Analysis System Prototype using Image Processing Technique
Jo, Byung-Wan ; Lee, Yun-Sung ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Kim, Do-Keun ; Yoon, Kwang-Won ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 11~21
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.011
Recently, structure safety management techniques using cutting-edge technology(Displacement senor, sensor of acceleration) has emerged as an important issue owing to the aging of infrastructure such as bridge and building. In general, the structural monitoring system for structure safety management is based on IT technology and it is expensive to install. In this paper developed an image-based structure dynamic characteristic analysis system prototype to assess the damage of structure in a more cost-effective way than traditional structure health monitoring system. The inspector can take a video of buildings or other structures with digital camera or any other devices that is passible to take video, and then using NCC calculation for image processing technique to get natural frequency. This system is analysis of damage of the structure using a compare between the frequency response ratio and functions when problems are occurs send alarm to administrator. This system is easier to install and remove than previous monitoring sensor in economical way.
Mortality of Stroke Patients Based on Charlson Comorbidity Index
Kim, Ka-Hee ; Lim, Ji-Hye ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 22~32
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.022
As the number of aged population rapidly goes up, the cases of stroke and the related medical expenses continuously increase. The purpose of this study is to investigate the mortality of stroke patients based on CCI(Charlson Comorbidity Index) by utilizing the Korea National Hospital Discharge Injury Survey, analyzing the factors associated with the mortality of stroke patients. We analyzed 21,494 cases which are classified as the death of strokes aged over 20 years by using the Korea National Hospital Discharge Injury Survey between the year 2005 and 2010. In order to find out the mortality based on CCI and status of comorbidity, we used the technical statistics. We performed a logistic regression analysis to examine the reasons for the mortality of the strokes. We found that the independent variables for the influence of the mortality of strokes include age, type of insurance, residence urban size, size of hospital beds, the location of hospital, admission route, physical therapy, brain surgery, type of stroke, and CCI. This indicates that the effective monitoring on the age, types of stroke, comorbidity is needed. In addition to this, more medical support toward medicaid patients are needed, too. We believe that these results will be used positively for the evaluation of the stroke patients, providing the basic materials for the further research on the establishment of the health-related policy.
Analysis Ripple Effect for Physical Promotion in Connection with Local Cultural Contents: Primarily based on Specialized Streets
Shon, Sang-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 33~42
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.033
Utilization of cultural contents is more and more increasing as it is believed to improve local problems and provide historical values. This kind of business is positive in terms of the fact that it attracts visitors into local areas and activate local commercial areas. Under this trend, the construction of specialized streets is required to be approached with first priority to solve problems of cities. So to speak, it`s more important to solve intrinsic problems found in local communities and then approach cultural contents step-by-step rather than constructing new spaces with first priority. Moreover, cultural contents should accompany economic aspects which result in local community-friendly and sympathetically concentrated values. Under this sentiment, the efforts to suggest economic ripple effects for government local government`s businesses using cultural contents are very important. This study analyzed how much economic ripple effects is yielded by reflecting cultural contents. As the result of analysis, specialized street with cultural contents applied are proved to be more concentrated on multiplier of expediting employment, income and tax and tourism industry than service industry. On the contrary to this, service industry showed more concentrated multiplier of expediting production, income, added values and chain reaction effect (coefficients for influence and sensitivity for front and rear side of tourism industry. Based on these results, construction of specialized streets with cultural contents applied is proved to help synergy effects for local economy.
Design of Interactive Teleprompter
Park, Yuni ; Park, Taejung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 43~51
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.043
This paper presents the concept of "interactive teleprompter", which provides the user with interaction with oneself or other users for live television broadcasts or smart mirrors. In such interactive applications, eye contacts between the user and the regenerated image or between the user and other persons are important in handling psychological processes or non-verbal communications. Unfortunately, it is not straightforward to address the eye contact issues with conventional combination of normal display and video camera. To address this problem, we propose an "interactive" teleprompter enhanced from conventional teleprompter devices. Our interactive teleprompter can recognize the user`s gestures by applying infra-red (IR) depth sensor. This paper also presents test results for a beam splitter which plays a critical role for teleprompter and is designed to handle both visual light for RGB camera and IR for Depth sensor effectively.
Disaster Prevention Service Design Framework
Ha, Kwang Soo ; Pan, Younghwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 52~60
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.052
Many hidden aspects of society around the world that has been lurking as risk factors have been ultimately connected to disasters. Such connection did not just stop with massive damages to properties and loss of lives but became a serious social issue. Especially in the case for Korea, because the country has gone through abrupt economic growth which has resulted in rapid urbanization and expansion of economic scale, Korea has been caught in a vicious cycle of experiencing human and social calamities repeatedly. Due to the seriousness of such problem, there`s been continued research in various fields for managing disasters, and the domain of knowledge has been expanding with complexity. The following study went beyond the perspectives of disaster prevention study, disaster prevention engineering and social sciences suggested from previous research directions in disaster and disaster prevention, and attempted an alternative research method by approaching from a service design perspective. During the process, the paper looked over the summary on disaster and service design. By applying it on disaster prevention projects, the research sets forth and discusses effective and practical disaster prevention service design. Through specific case studies, the research methodology applied was verified, and the purpose of the study was carried out in the perspective of real world applications different from textbook type discussions. It is expected that through the disaster prevention service design process and platform that were discovered during the research result, defining and understanding disaster prevention service design will be made apparent. Additionally, the research is expected to be used as a basic building block for building a visualized plan for tangible and intangible factors related to disasters before the disaster process through such proposed disaster prevention service design.
A Study on Accessory-application as a Narrative Tool -Focusing on
Yoo, Suyeon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 61~71
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.061
This paper intends to prove that the props in movies can be used to communicate messages ans themes to the audience very usefully. I selected the movie "her" to investigate by the use of props. The props in the film can communicate with the audiences without a dialogue and visual. At the same time, the props can make a audiences sympathy as a role playing like a main character. As a result, the props used in the movie were explained to study their relevancy to the narratives of the movie. The props in the movie is so useful and powerful, and then image is more important than any other things in the movie as a narrative tool and storytelling.
A study on Visualization and Enhancement the Latent Fingerprints on Multi-colored Surfaces using the Forensic Light Sources
Cho, Hyeong-Woo ; Koh, Hyun-Seo ; Han, Sang-Gyoun ; Yu, Je-Seol ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 72~80
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.072
There are various methods of developing latent fingerprints from evidence found at crime scenes. Crime scene investigators should choose appropriate techniques among them depending on the conditions of the evidences. In this study, we compared the three methods using forensic light sources to develop latent fingerprints on multi-colored surfaces. We selected the various samples according to color, shape and texture of the surfaces and developed the latent fingerprints using fluorescent powder, IR(Infrared) photography and Episcopic Co-axial Illumination. Fluorescent powder was highly effective on all surfaces. IR photography was also effective, but only on the not dark surfaces. Episcopic Co-axial Illumination was effective only on the flat and polished surfaces. Although fluorescent powder was fine regardless of the characteristics of the surfaces, IR photography was better on certain surfaces.
Does Market Performance Influence Credit Risk?
Lim, Hyoung-Joo ; Mali, Dafydd ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 81~90
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.081
This study aims to investigate the association between stock performance and credit ratings, and credit rating changes using a sample of 1,691 KRX firm-years that acquire equity in the form of long-term bonds from 2002 to 2013. Previous U.S. literature is mixed with regard to the relation between credit ratings and stock price. On one hand, there is evidence of a positive relation between credit ratings and stock prices, an anomaly established in U.S. studies. On the other hand, the CAPM model suggests a negative relation between stock prices and credit ratings, implying that investors expect financial rewards for bearing additional risk. To our knowledge, we are the first to examine the relationship between stock price and default risk proxied by credit ratings in period t+1. We find a negative (positive) relation between credit ratings (risk) in period t+1 and stock returns in period t, suggesting that credit rating agencies do not consider stock returns as a metric with the potential to influence default risk. Our results suggest that market participants may prefer firms with higher credit risk because of expected higher returns.
Design of High-performance Parallel BCH Decoder for Error Collection in MLC Flash Memory
Choi, Won-Jung ; Lee, Je-Hoon ; Sung, Won-Ki ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 91~101
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.091
This paper presents the design of new parallel BCH decoder for MLC NAND flash memory. The proposed decoder supports the multi-byte parallel operations to enhance its throughput. In addition, it employs a LFSR-based parallel syndrome generator for compact hardware design. The proposed BCH decoder is synthesized with hardware description language, VHDL and it is verified using Xilinx FPGA board. From the simulation results, the proposed BCH decoder enhances the throughput by 2.4 times than its predecessor employing byte-wise parallel operation. Compared to the other counterpart employing a GFM-based parallel syndrome generator, the proposed BCH decoder requires the same number of cycles to complete the given works but the circuit size is reduced to less than one-third.
Impacts of Abuse Damage Experiences on Ego-Resilience -Moderating Effects of Social Support-
Lee, Jo-Kyoung ; Back, Soon-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 102~115
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.102
This study investigated the effects of middle school youth`s abuse experiences on the ego-resilience and the moderating effects of social support. For this purpose, the survey and analysis were carried out targeted on 568 students in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd grade of middle schools in Busan. First, it was indicated that abuse experiences of youth affect on ego- resilience. In detail, the lower the grade and the less the abuse experiences, the ego-resilience gets increased. Second, in view of impacts of youth`s abuse experiences on resilience, the social support has a moderating effect. Based on the results above, this study suggests the social support measures to be taken by home, school, community and country in order to improve the resilience which could be a self-power to overcome his or her own circumstances and situations despite the negative experiences of abuse experienced youth.
A Proposal of Media Exhibition Contents for the Aquarium - Focused on `Gyeongpo Lagoon Ecological Museum`
You, Mi ; Woo, Jeonggueon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 116~124
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.116
In this paper, we propose digital exhibition contents for the aquarium, especially `Gyeongpo Lagoon Ecological Museum`. We try to plan appropriate media contents that can be mixed with the aquarium storytelling. The aquarium must have special spaces that are not related with an exhibition directly but are necessary for survival of fishes such as a water circulation room. We design the special spaces using media contents and let visitors feel that the whole aquarium is in the ocean. First of all, we investigate the aquarium currently under construction. And then, we propose the appreciate media platforms and plan individual content. We suggest 3 types of media platforms, 3D water projection, interactive games utilizing Kinect, and a fog screen. Moreover, we produce 2D drawing concepts, 3D modeling images, and virtual exhibitions in virtual reality for the representation of the location in which those platforms are installed and the media contents we plan. The pre-visualization is helpful for the media platform construction and is used as a rough sketch to producing an animation shown in the exhibition.
The Factors Motivating Empathic Responses of Women in their 30s and 40s: Focusing on Kakao Story
Kang, Minjeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 125~136
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.125
Recently, many people switch from an open SNS like facebook to a closed SNS like Kakaostory to expect more empathetic responses. In this study, I derive the design factors that motivate empathetic responses in SNS. In particular, I focus on Kakaostory that is popular for women in their 30s and 40s. I conduct literature review and survey and find out the design factors and identified the type of photos that induce comments and feeling icons. While writing comments is influenced by the relationship with the poster and the contents, adding a feeling icons is affected by the states of the responders. The heavy users are more affected by the contents than by relationship. The photos with more responses have better image quality and capture situation better. The photos with more comments are cuter, brighter, and more positive. The photos with feeling icons only are visually sophisticated. This results can be useful to develop a design that induce empathetic responses.
Impact of Online Banner Type on Willingness to Watch Movie
Kim, Hyo-Jin ; Ko, Jeong-Min ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 137~148
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.137
The purpose of this study is to examine viewers` intentions to watch movies after viewing online banner advertisements of movies, and verify the mediation effect of flow and association to research how the interactivity of movie banner advertisements influences viewers. For the study, trailer and advergame banners for three genres of movies were made, and an online survey was conducted with 146 adults. As a result, based on 5 hypothesis tests, the study enables us to conclude that the interactivity of the advergame banners results in a higher viewer intention of watching movies compared to trailer banners by inducing a flow experience among banner users not an association experience.
A Systematic Review of Constraint Induced Movement Therapy about Upper Extremity in Stroke
Park, Su-Hyang ; Baek, Soon-Hyung ; Shin, Joong-il ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 149~161
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.149
The purpose of this study is provided to useful data to establish the Constraint Induced Movement Therapy(CIMT) in clinical plan to more specific for stroke patients. Also It is provided way for further study about CIMT. Methods used a systematic review. Systematic review is a research method that can be presented to the scientific evidence. Data were organized by PICO(Patient, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome). Research using the database Embase and Medline, It was searched for CIMT and Stroke. We selected for a total of 42 studies that meet the purpose of the present study. We was selected for a total of 42 studies that meet the purpose of the present study. Results was that the quality of the study is a systematic review, meta-analyzes, randomized controlled. CIMT studies was based on a high quality level of 50% of the total. The difference between the study period was 42.8%, more research was conducted prior to 2010. CIMT has been used more than mCIMT by to differ 40.5%. It is effective in over 75% of study, regardless of the CIMT intervention. In conclusion, CIMT has an effect on the upper limbs of stroke patients damaged, results will be used as a useful material to develop a CIMT in the clinical treatment plan. In future studies will need to validate studies on the effectiveness of the mCIMT, It will require a review of the effectiveness of validation studies.
Post Modernism in Xavier Dolan`s Movies -With a Focus on "I Killed My Mother(2009)" and "Mommy(2014)"-
Kim, Loyou ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 162~170
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.162
Xavier Dolan delves into maternal instinct and sexual identity and the attempt and experiment of his movies are not difficult to understand and not unfamiliar. He communicates with audience through pastiche and self-reflexivity, rather than disassembling and destruction of style and form of existing films. Pastiche is the intertextuality between familiar genres such as film, poem, fashion, music, painting, etc. His films shows the characteristics of postmodernism, which include genre over, de-subjectivity, interest in public culture, and representation of nostalgia. This study recognizes anew the present of postmodernism gradually going out of fashion and analyzes the characteristics of postmodernism and repeated motif in his movies. This study also analyzes Xavier Dolan`s interest in social minority and allegorian characteristics through characters appearing in his movies.
Predicting Foreign Tourists` Visit Intention toward Korean QSR Applying a Model of Goal-oriented Behavior: with a Moderating Effect of Restaurant Involvement
Nam, Min-jung ; Yang, Eun-ju ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 171~183
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.171
It is often reported that foreign tourists visiting Korea are not satisfied with dining in a Korean restaurant, and the reason is assumed that most of the Korean restaurants are targeting Koreans and operating in a traditional way; thus, this study suggests the need of a new type of Korean restaurant such as quick service restaurant, where foreign tourists could have Korean food in a more familiar way. It is attempted to examine foreign tourists` visit intention toward Korean quick service restaurant (QSR) applying the model of goal-oriented behavior (MGB). The survey was conducted with foreign tourists and total 275 data was gathered. Structural equation modeling was used for analysis. Among MGB variables, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control had significant effect on desire, while postive and negative anticipated emotions did not had significant effect. Also, involvement showed a significant moderating effect as positive anticipated emotion had much stronger effect on desire in a high involvement group.
The Importance of Robot Personality in a Museum Context
Gu, Ji-Hyang ; Shin, Dong-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 184~197
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.184
This study investigates human-robot interactions in a museum environment. Unlike robots in movies, robots in real life do not have `personality,` but instead have a specific purpose and function. This research is primarily about the assignment of specific and appropriate personalities to robots in different contexts. Methods by which a definite personality can be imparted on a robot are discussed in this research. Previous research has addressed attempts to assign a robot personality based on the task context. However, the discussion of robot personality is incomplete. Therefore, we assumed that a robot`s character was dependent on the characteristics of its location of use. We planned a
comparison of various robot personalities, i.e., introverted or extroverted paired with either a traditional museum or a process-oriented experiential experience. Based on Schmitt`s (1999) strategic experiential modules, experiential factors were derived for each set of conditions. To achieve the objectives of the research, theoretical and empirical research were conducted simultaneously. The software JMP 9 was used to verify the research model and hypotheses.
Movie A Werewolf Boy and Women`s Original Sens
Kim, Guyl-Hun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 198~209
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.198
The Movie, A Werewolf Boy, describes metaphorically the hidden desire of female audience. The majority of stories about wolves contains fear of wolves inherited by and learned through human history struggling with the nature. They also shows punishment and reward toward wolves as a cultural symbol of evil. This study focuses on analyzing wolves as a metaphor of hidden original desire rather than as a subject of fear and punishment. Soon-Hee`s experience with a wolf-boy in her period of puberty and her remembering the experience in her old age expresses her original sexual desire. The movie, A Werewolf boy does not directly deal with sexual content. However, SU-NI`s growth through the interaction with the wolf-boy informs us Freudian theory of sex and the mechanism of sexual desire and its repression or realization. Brun Bettelheim`s "Little Red Riding Hood" was used to analyze Soon-hee`s desire during her puberty and Clarissa Estes`s "Women Who Run with the Wolves" were used to explore SU-NI`s wildness forgotten in her elderlyhood. This study shows in the process of wolf boy`s transformation from biological being into social being awakened the hidden and original desire of woman.
An Empirical Test for Applying the Rapid Persona Method for the Service Design
Ha, Kwang Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 210~218
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.210
Recently, as service design was introduced to improve the quality of public service, there have been many attempts to improve various public service. In the process, various stakeholders including general citizens are participating in the design improvement activity through a method of design service but the parties are facing a difficulty in the progress because of a limitation of time and budget and a lack of professionalism among the member while the parties are planning the process and activities based on the professional service design method. Persona method that is usually used in the process of service design is encountering a limitation as well. Also, there are continuous attempts to understand the limitation of persona and apply an alternative research method among service and UX designers. For this reason, this thesis is to recognize the limitation in deduction method of traditional persona and suggests a fast and economical production method of Rapid Persona speaking for the goal of users and overcoming the limitation. Furthermore, by applying the suggested method of making Rapid Persona to an actual public service design project of National Statistical Office, the test through an empirical study was conducted. This was conducted with the purpose of progressing a discussion in the respect of actual application beyond a banal discussion. Through the research method suggested in this study, it is expected to overcome the limitation of time and a lack of professionalism and, based on these, can be used in the process of various service design and UX design as establishing persona in a fast and easy way.
Clinical Usefulness of
Tc-DMSA Renal SPECT Using High Sensitivity-All Purpose Collimator for Pediatric Patients
Kim, Jin-Eui ; Kim, Jung-Soo ; Han, Jae-Bok ; Choi, Nam-Gil ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 219~231
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.219
-DMSA planar scan that can analyze the functions of kidney quantitatively provides less information on a lesion than tomography scanning. Therefore, this study applied a high sensitivity all-purpose collimator that is sensitive to photonic signals to
-DMSA and carried out a clinical scan with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). And diagnostic accuracy and time requirement of were analyzed to know the clinical usefulness of the applied scanning method. 10 subjects were intravenously injected with radiopharmaceutical product (1.0-1.2 MBq/kg) and scanned by a gamma camera with planar scanner (high resolution (HR)-mode,
, 50 kcts/view, 4 image) and SPECT (HR / high sensitive (HS)-mode,
, step and shoot,
, variable sec/angle, total 64 frame, OSEM reconstruction), respectively. The collected data was compared with an analysis program. The results showed that HS-mode SPECT detected total counts 1.8-5.6 times more than planar scan. Relative renal function evaluated based on the counts was not significantly different by two scanning methods (p
Characteristics of Entertainment Program Subtitles and Effects on the Audience`s Perception : Text Analysis of JTBC
Kim, Ho-Kyung ; Kwon, Ki-Seok ; Seo, Sang-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 232~246
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.232
Subtitles in entertainment programs have extended the roles from providing additional explanation and complementary sound effect to maximizing amusement and impression as the type which triggers the audience`s interest. This study examined the characteristics of the subtitles and the effects on the audiences, mainly focused on
of JTBC. Based on the result of the content analysis, the interested subtitles are continuously presented in each episode (10~20%) compared to the proportion of the total captions. Producers have repeatedly used the nickname of the cast members to construct and reinforce the character of them. The text analysis shows that the audience`s perception about the cast is mainly influenced by the subtitles. The producers intentionally use the subtitles and subjectively intervene in the entertainment programs. The subtitles have a major effect on the audience`s perception and image formation. Producers should be more prudent about their use of subtitles and viewers, on the other hand, must interpret the meaning of subtitles, as active information consumers.
A Study Based on Quantifying Theory for a Non-fiction Creation Tool : Focus on Comparative Analysis of
Lyou, Chul-gyun ; Park, Eun-kyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 247~256
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.247
This paper points out that the existing digital story creation tools are biased in the field of entertainment storytelling, so it proposes a specialized tool for non-fiction creation. This paper selects Quantifying Theory to design this tool. When creating nonfiction storyline, it is important to have the appropriate combination between the actual events and fictional elements. A Gossip System, based on Quantifying Theory, is suitable for that work. Before designing a Gossip System as a nonfiction creation tool, this analysis evaluated that the Gossip System in
. As a result, the linked structure in
is useful in searching for material for non-fiction creation, and the separated structure in
is ideal for arranging dramatic events. This paper proposed a method of switching the fact to fiction through a combination of this two Gossip System structure. I conclude that this is the best method for non-fiction creation tool.
Medical Equipment Support System for Official Development Assistance : Case of Kitengela Health Center in Kenya
Choi, Tae-Seon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 257~268
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.257
The purpose of this research is to find the cause of low degree of utilization of medical equipment that are provided as Official Development Assistance(ODA) and to suggest an effective medical equipment support system for ODA. This research analyzes the supporting process of the medical equipment as ODA in Kitengela Health Center in Kenya. As the result of analysis, it has been found that the following problems. 1) It was found that users was attended insufficient to demand medical equipment. 2) The determination of medical equipment request was inadequate. 3) It was appeared to be organized the compilation of the budget for purchases and operation of medical equipment 4) The improvement of procurement system of medical equipment was appeared to need. 5) It was appeared to need to build conditions for installation of medical equipment. 6) It was necessary to secure finance, to conduct periodic management training, and to ensure available human resources in management and maintenance in order to sustain the medical equipment management ability and it is encouraged to promote leadership in healthcare facility management. Finally, the theoretical and practical implications of this research are discussed.
An Analysis of Diffusion of Main Information and Peripheral Information: Focusing on Visibility and Connectivity of Word based on Network Analysis
Hong, Ju-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 269~287
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.269
This study explores of press report on the death of Beongen Yoo based on network analysis and how issue diffuses via Internet and SNS in mainstream news and conservative channels of comprehensive programming. Issue salience, word`s visibility and word`s connectivity are the main keyword and analysis criteria of this study. Conservative channel of comprehensive programming focused on the surrounding information rather than core information compared to Mainstream media, Conservative channels of comprehensive media was interested in Yu, Beongeon, an article left, brand, rumor of a body and Mainstream media focused on the results of DNA test. Mainstream media covers this case as the discovery of the Yu, Beongeon body, Mainstream media reported as `the discovery of the body frame, conservative channels of comprehensive programming reports as blame of investigation at the first stage. The former focuses on the cause of death and the latter focuses on the raising of strong doubts frame at the second stage. In case of the third stage the latter covered on the emphasis of the surrounding information. They frames the issue differently based on network analysis. The view point of conservative channel of comprehensive programming is diffused via SNS. This study highlights the role of journalist of mainstream media in the process of agenda-setting
Saesark: A Korean Object-Oriented Programming Language for Beginners
Cheon, Junseok ; Woo, Gyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 288~295
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.288
As the computer becomes pervasive in everyday life, the programming arises as an essential technique. To support the education of programming, Republic of Korea has launched a plan to develop the official courses of programming by 2018. However, the programming education in Korea tends to be difficult and the students easily lose their concentration since most of programming languages are based on English. This paper proposes a Korean programming language called Saesark to promote the effective programming education for Korean students. Saesark has been developed based on Java, which supports the object-oriented programming and the lambda expressions. In order to evaluate the educational suitability of Saesark, we compared it with other Korean programming languages in three respects: syntactic features, IDE support, and error messages in Korean. According to the comparison, Saesark is revealed more suitable than other languages. Specifically, the IDE features and the error messages in Korean are expected to be mostly valuable in educating novice programmers.
Development of IoT Home Gateway Environment based on ACOME using Open Source Hardware
Kim, Seong-Min ; Choi, Hoan-Suk ; Rhee, Woo-Seop ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 296~304
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.296
Recently in domestic market, the telecommunication and appliance companies actively provide IoT home service through their dedicated smart device and communication network. But because their service should use only their own devices and be payed by monthly, it does not satisfy user`s needs. So, users want device and service environment that can be easily configured according to user needs. Therefore, in this paper, we propose IoT home service environment architecture and ACOME(Auto-Configuration of MQTT and REST) mechanism. The proposed architecture consists of IoT platform and IoT home gateway. And the ACOME provides the automatic registration using DPWS function and interface construction using MQTT. This implements as a library for open-source hardware such as Arduino that is easy to get on the market. So the user easy to make own IoT device. Finally, we provide performance evaluation about service and device discovery between ACOME and DPWS.
The Impact of Employee`s Perceptions of Organizational Politics and Burnout: Role of Psychological Need Satisfaction and Psychological Capital
Seo, Dong-Taek ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 305~318
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.305
Perceptions of organizational politics(POPs) have stress-based effect as job demand and lead to employee`s negative attitudes and behaviors. According to job demand resource model, burnout develops when high job demand deplete employee`s resources, which lead employees to low levels of motivation and high levels of cynicism and frustration. Currently, in studying the relationship between POPs and burnout there is a lack of researches on certain settings and conditions. The present study examined a model in which relationship between POPs and burnout was mediated by psychological need satisfaction. And also, this study tested moderating role of psychological capital between POPs and need satisfaction. A total of 220 employees in telco and electronic manufacturing company in South Korea participated in this study. The result of this study showed that need satisfaction works as mediating variable between POPs and burnout and psychological capital had moderating effect between POPs and need satisfaction. This study proposes a new framework of POPs by examining linking mechanism of need satisfaction and psychological capital. The results of this study provide practical insight to HR practitioners and business leaders.
Secular Trends and Influencing Factors for the Early Menarche among Korean Middle and High School Girls
Han, Dallong ; Lee, Jongeun ; Kim, Seonho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 319~327
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.319
The objective of this study is to identify the secular trend in age at menarche and to investigate the factors influence the early menarche(<12 years old) among Korean middle and high school girls. We analyzed data from the Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey(KYRBWS) 2006-2014. This study was a descriptive study of 216,917 Korean middle and high school girls born between 1988 and 2002. Linear trends test performed to assess the trend age at menarche and percentage of early menarche. Multiple logistic regression analysis was to assess the risk factors influence the early menarche. Mean age at menarche decreased from
years for middle and high school girls born 1988 to
years for those born 2002(p for trends<.001). Percentage of early menarche increased from 19.7% to 25.2% between 1988 and 2002(p for trends<.001). Living in city, higher stress level, short sleep duration, and higher body mass index were associated with an early menarche among middle and high school girls(all p<.001). We found that age at menarche is still falling in the Korean adolescents, and it need intervention strategies to control the early menarche.
A Study on the Making of Anterior Pontic Ridge Lap
Kim, Wook-Tae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 328~334
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.328
This research is studied the systemic production method of missing teeth and ridge lap type pontic for the maintenance and restoration of normal function of the surrounding tissue as the goal of prosthetic treatment. According to the dentists` opinions, with the illustrated design criteria that pontic has to be equipped, inflammation, periodontal disease, food residues, and self-cleaning effect are obtained a better result than the conventional production method. The pontic production method presented in this paper is considered good enough to be applied to a clinically.
Study on Moderating Effect of Psychological Flexibility at Impact on Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness affects Subjective Well-being ; College Students
Hwang, Hee-Sook ; Lee, Young-Sig ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 335~345
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.335
The purpose of this study is to investigate moderating effect of psychological flexibility on impact which students feel ambivalence over emotional expressiveness in interpersonal relationships. In summary, the results are as follows. Self-defence ambivalence is strong negative influence on subject well-being but concerned-relation ambivalence is not affect at subject well-being. Also, moderating effect of psychological flexibility in concerned-relation ambivalence is not appear on subjective well-bing while self-defence ambivalence is shown moderating effect of psychological at subjective well-being. These results are mean that concerned-relation itself contains psychological flexibility role and psychological flexibility is negative influence on self-defence ambivalence and positive influence at subjective well- being. Moderating effect of psychological flexibility is shown that as important role subjective well-being. So students will need to help accommodate an active experience in the field allow s college students to raise their own psychological flexibility.
The Influence of Family Member in Board of Directors on Firm Performance : A Moderating Effect of Professional CEO
Nam, Yoonsung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 346~353
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.346
This research examines the effect of family member in board of directors. In Korea, the ownership and management of a firm is not thoroughly separated and most of firms are managed by controlling family. These family officers have same intent with family CEOs who identify themselves with the firm and want to hand over it to their descendants. Thus, family officers will influence positively on firm performance. Besides, the moderating effect of professional CEO on the above relation will be also positive. It is because professional CEO will be curbed by family officers in board of directors. Under this condition, the potential self-interest seeking behavior will be minimized and the specialty of professional CEO will be manifested. 2,456 firm-year panel data are gathered in manufacturing listed firms from 2004 to 2010 and the result suggests that hypotheses are supported.
A Comparison of Empowerment, Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment between Advanced Practice Nurses and Registered Nurses of Hospitals
Jung, Im-Jin ; Kim, Yun-Mi ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 354~365
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.354
The purpose of the study was to identify and compare levels of recognition of empowerment, job satisfaction, organizational commitment between Advanced Practice Nurses(APN) and Registered Nurses(RN) of hospitals. Data collection was done by the 85 APN and 120 RN of six large hospitals, four medium sized hospitals in Seoul and Incheon. T-test and ANOVA using SPSS 18.0 were performed. There were no significant differences of empowerment between APN(
) and RN(
On the Effects of Foreign-born Labor on Increasing in National Income Implemented by Panel Data Analysis: Evidence from OECD Countries
Rhee, Hyun-Jae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 366~375
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.366
This study aims to investigate the impact of total, native-born, and foreign-born employment rates on the increases of GDP and per capita GDP for 24 OECD countries out of 34 countries depending on data availability. The panel data analysis is formed by a fixed-effects model which allows dummy variable in it to permit the intercept term to vary over time-series and cross-sectional units. Empirical evidences obtained by simple and multiple panel regressions reveal that the contribution to increasing of GDP by foreign-born employment is obviously lower than the one by native-born employment. And, native-born labor is substituted by foreign-born labor. It also has to be mentioned that the labor is playing a key role in increasing in national income. And, therefore, labor-related policy should be concerned on decreasing in labor productivity and segmentation of labor market resulted from inflow of foreign labor. It means that labor-related policy has to take care of not only the magnitude, but also the quality of foreign-born labor.
Mediating Effects of Emotional Labor in the relationships between Communication Ability and Customer Oriented Behaviors: Focusing upon Self-Employed Businessmen
Moon, Joung Hyun ; Lee, Dong Cheol ; Kim, Jae-pil ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 376~390
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.376
The purpose of present study is to investigate mediating effects of emotional labor in the links between communication ability of small businessmen and customer orientation behavior. In detail, it is demonstrated both impacts of communication ability on customer orientation behavior and emotional labor (surface acting, deep acting), and of emotional labor (surface acting, deep acting) on customer orientation behavior. Furthermore, mediating effects of emotional labor (surface acting, deep acting) will be verified. The data for analysis was collected from 270 employees in small businessmen located in Jeju. The results are as follows. First, the main impacts of communication ability on customer orientation behavior and emotional labor (surface acting, deep acting) were statistically significant, in addition, emotional labor (surface acting) was positively associated with customer orientation behavior. Surface acting as a mediator was partially mediated the relation. The result will help to understand the importance for communication ability in small businessmen, and it suggests the crucial implecation in the communication study of service suppliers.
The Relations among Stigma, Expectation About Counseling, and Attitude Toward Seeking Counseling in College Students
Kim, Jung-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 391~402
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.391
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the mediating role of expectation about counseling among self-stigma, public stigma and attitude toward seeking counseling. The participants of this study were 327 university students and this research investigated some results by using SPSS 17.0. The major results were as follows: this study reported the negative effects of public stigma and self-stigma on the attitude toward seeking counseling. Self-stigma showed a significant negative correlation with regard to expectation for the counseling, on the other hand, expectations about the social stigma and counseling did not show a significant correlation statistically. And this study verified the expectation about counseling partially mediated the relationship between self-stigma and attitude toward seeking counseling. The findings of this study provided meaning in that particular search was made for variables that mediate the relationship between self-stigma and attitude toward seeking counseling. This study suggested that the stigma of individual acts effects on using real counseling services than emotional issues with each individual. Finally, this paper suggested the needs of development about the counseling and the education program as a special intervention.
An Analysis of the Image of North Korean defector on the TV New Content
Choi, Jinbong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 403~414
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.403
The purpose of this study is to explore how South Korean TV news programs represent the image of North Korean defector through analyzing South Korean TV news contents portraying North Korean defector. In order to conduct this research, the study analyzes the main subjects of the South Korean TV news contents, the image of characters on the TV news contents, and frames which the TV news contents mainly used. According to the results of this study, the TV news programs represent the positive image of South Korean government whereas they criticize North Korean government while representing North Korean defector issues. However, the TV news programs showed no interest in real problems which the North Korean defectors are experiencing. Further, the findings of this study are very similar to the results of previous studies that were analyzing the representation of news media about minority groups including North Korean defectors. Most studies analyzing how news media represent minority groups show that the groups have been identified not by their own opinions and relations but predominant culture and lifestyles in the society, and they are also represented not by their own voice but predominant perspectives of the society.
Legal Issues and Improvements surrounding the Arcade Game
Noh, Jae-Chul ; Ko, Zoon-ki ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 415~425
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.415
Game industry is certain to change rapidly as its attribute. Therefore, It`s not easy that the law response to reflect the technological change of game industry properly, and a new legal issue that is difficult to cover with the existing law. Recently, Court battle or cases about games are socially receiving attention. Nevertheless, Research accumulation about the legal action to response this is rare situation. The legal system that is related games mostly approach in the regulation and punishment of one-sided administration so far. Relatively, Approach from the game industry development and promotion act standpoint is low. Shrinking rapidly the current game industry is not an irrelevance to this. So It is necessary to reconstruct rationally in side that embrace with variety of views of members of the society and interests about current game-related laws, systems and regulation instruments. Access to how will develop competitiveness of the game industry in legal aspects and how will promote the balanced development between game industries are needed. The problems that needs to handle in legal aspect such as game development, game distribution, and game usage which in the part of the game industry are getting more and more in the future. Therefore, there is a need to review consistently in the legal aspect for the game industry promotion.
The Influence of Public Diplomacy with Social Media on Country Image and Country Brands -Focusing on Cultural Contents-
Choi, Yong-Seok ; Kim, Hyo-Mi ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 426~438
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.426
The purpose of this study was to examine whether or not social media could have influence upon diplomatic activities and become effective means of diplomatic communication, focusing on the communication channel of public diplomacy. Study subjects were 301 foreigners from 42 countries in 7 continents, and influencing relationship among the fondness of social media-utilized public diplomacy cultural contents, country images and country brands was examined, together with its effectiveness. The results attained are as follows: First, all independent variable except interactivity and immediacy had significant influencing relationship with the fondness of public diplomacy cultural contents. Second, the fondness of public diplomacy cultural contents had significant influence upon country images, whereas country images had significant influence upon the fondness of country brands and the loyalty of country brands. Based on study findings, the influence of social media as effective means of communication of public of diplomacy policy in the 21st century was confirmed. In addition, This study contribute to expansion of public diplomacy research area from pre-exisiting study and provide basic information to future activities.
A moderating effect of Family CEO on the Influence of Outside Director System
Nam, Yoonsung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 439~446
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.439
This research examines the effect of outside director system which has been legislated after financial crisis in Korea. Outside director system is based on agency theory which assumes that a manager is selfish and opportunistic in situation where ownership and management of a firm is separated. In this situation, outside director system has an important function to monitor and keep in check a manager. Thus, we examined that outside director system works as a monitoring mechanism in Korea. And we tested that above effect is weakened in family CEO firms where it is different from assumption of agency theory in Korea. According to empirical result with 282 sample firm, it is confirmed that outside director system reduces agency cost. In family CEO firms, however, this agency cost-reducing effect becomes weak. This result suggests that outside director system needs be cautiously managed without focusing on only monitoring function.
Determinants of Paid-VOD Re-Purchasing Intention in IPTV Platform
Cho, Shin ; Kim, Hee Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 447~465
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.447
This paper investigated main determinants of paid-VOD user satisfaction and re-purchasing intention in IPTV platform. The findings showed that `perceived system quality` was the significant antecedent variable influencing `perceived usefulness` and `perceived cost`. Meanwhile, `perceived content quality` had the insignificant effect on `perceived cost, while strongly and positively affecting `perceived playfulness`. Regarding the relative size effect on the relationship between the belief variables and re-purchasing intention, content quality, cost, usefulness and playfulness were higher in the order, implying that functional benefits, like price and quality is the most crucial factor facilitating re-purchasing paid-VOD. Likewise, several variables associated with user characteristics and situation were employed as moderating variables to examine their impact on the process of formation of belief, satisfaction and intention. We found that there were distinct differences in value cognition and satisfaction level among users, depending on IPTV acceptance period, paid-VOD purchasing frequency, age and income level.
The Effects of Emotional Leadership on Job Insecurity and Organizational Cynicism Perceive by Hotel Employees
Lee, Sang-Woo ; Kwon, Dong-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 466~475
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.466
This research verified influential relationship among the emotional leadership, job insecurity, and organizational cynicism targeting hotel members. Total 280 questionnaires were distributed and 271questionnaires were collected, among them, 254 questionnaires were finally utilized excluding unfaithful responses or uncompleted questionnaires. When investigating analysis result, first, as the result of investigating the relation between emotional leadership and job insecurity, self-recognition ability and self-control ability displayed meaningful negative (-) influential relation on job loss possibility and job influence weakening that compose job insecurity. Also, other relation ability of emotional leadership displayed meaningful negative (-) influential relation only in job influence weakening of job insecurity. Second, as the result of investigating relation between emotional leadership and organizational cynicism, emotional leadership did not show meaningful influential relation on organizational cynicism. The researcher expects that management of job insecurity through emotional leadership can be helpful to hotel management outcome, and it is determined that efforts per each division or overall hotel is required to have no alienated member by recognizing importance of management on organizational cynicism.
The Application of Wraparound Model to Korean Adolescents with Complicated Problems: A bibliographical study
Lee, Jee-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 476~487
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.476
Although the number of adolescents with complicated problems and needs has increased, there has been a limited service for this population. In addition, a traditional social service could not alleviate the problems. In order to provide an alternative to a traditional social service to this population, the wraparound model is reviewed and explored. The study presents a review of literature on wraparound and social work via EBSOCO. By reviewing 12 articles on the subject, the study discovers 3 topics, such as (1) youth with various problems, (2) general characteristics of wraparound, and (3) evidence-based practice and wraparound. Based on 3 topics, the study also discusses the feasibility of wraparound service in Korea.
Types and Themes of Mobile Application Contents in Primary Science Learning Derived From Teachers` Perspectives
So, Hyo-Jeong ; Yoon, Hye-Gyoung ; Choi, Hyungshin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 488~497
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.488
Given the potential of mobile applications to create new learning opportunities beyond the prevalent use of digital textbooks and Internet lectures, this study aims to derive types and themes of mobile application content that can be effectively integrated with the school curricula. Twenty primary school teachers participated in this study that examines teachers` perceptions about the advantages and disadvantages of printed and digital textbooks` modality, the advantages and disadvantages of mobile learning, and the themes relevant to develop mobile applications. Findings indicate that it is necessary to develop activity-centered applications for vertical use rather than theme-centered applications for horizontal use. In addition, while most ideas derived from teachers center on multimedia access, there was lack of ideas that leverage the affordances of mobile devices for collaborative interaction and location-awareness. Lastly, to promote the diffusion of mobile learning in school environments, this study suggests the need to overcome teachers` epistemology that perceives mobilization against inquiry activities.
The effect of Children`s Smartphone addiction on Aggression : Focusing on Moderating Effect of Parenting Style
Park, Hye-seon ; Kim, Hyoung-mo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 498~512
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.498
The purpose of this study was to raise validity of the result through using national data, to analyze the effect of children`s smartphone addiction on aggression and moderating effect of parenting styles on the relationship between children`s smartphone addiction and aggression. The data were obtained from 4th waves of KCYPS(Korean Children Youth Panel Study), and 1,686 4th graders in elementary schools who have smartphone were analysed. To achieve the purpose, this study executed frequency analysis, descriptive statistic, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis through SPSS 21.0. The results of this study are as follows: First, the higher children`s smartphone addiction level, the higher children`s aggression goes. Second, parents` supervision, affection, neglect have moderating effects on the relationship between children`s smartphone addiction and aggression which means parenting styles could reduce children`s aggression despite serious smartphone addiction. Based on these results, this study suggests that the combination of preventive discipline of smartphone addiction and parental education program is needed to reduce children`s aggression which is main factor of bullying. In addition, this study suggests the establishment of special arrangement such as `shut down` for smartphone addiction prevention.
Domestic Research Trend on Special Education Exploiting New Media and Development of Storytelling Contents to Improve Sociality
Lee, Hyunki ; Yang, Janghoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 513~524
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.513
New education methodologies exploiting new media technologies are emerging with the development of digital technology. There also have been researches on efficient methods to apply new technologies on special education. In this paper, we analyze 32 researches associated with application of new media technology on special education for research theme, media, and teaching types. The analysis results show that there is few research on intervention contents which consider special education environment and the roll of teacher. This motivates us to develop a social storytelling contents to improve sociality of the children with developmental disability which can be easily useable in special education environment. The basic structure of the contents is designed for a child to make a choice in the meantime of storytelling and experience the different results depending on the choice. The pilot test with a child with mild autism verifies that it draws attention from the child and it is easy to use in a special education environment, which lays down the possibility as an intervention content.
Analyzing the Levels of ICT Literacy for Elementary and Middle School Students
Nam, Chang Woo ; Ahn, Seonghun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 525~535
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.525
The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences of elementary and middle school students` ICT literacy. For this purpose, this study implemented ICT literacy test for students in 250 elementary- and 250 middle schools. The main categories of assessment include two components of `literacy ability elements` and `literacy content elements.` The main results are as follows. In terms of city size, Large City had the highest overall scores of ICT literacy test for both elementary and middle school students among the three groups(Large City, Middle/Small City, and Eup(Middle Town)/Myeon(Small Town)). Also, in terms of gender, female students had relatively higher overall scores of ICT literacy test than male students for both elementary and middle school levels.
: A Case Study of English Class as Liberal Education, Converged on Literature and Theatrical Performances for Cultivating Humanities
Choi, Jeong Mee ; Lee, Ho Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 536~545
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.536
Most universities have been concerned about Liberal Education; whether is it on universal truth, or on training job-specialists? In consequence, the curricula have been reformed and promoted diversely. In this aspect,
has been developed as convergence education. I selected two easy and short texts and tried to make the students practice and memorize the dialogues as many as possible. At the end of the class, the students presented given assignments, with theatrical performance. This study carried out the research of students` presentation and theatrical performances on the basis of group study, together with a survey of the results of questionnaires and lecture evaluation. Therefore it was a exploratory study to check out significance of variables through the correlation analysis. The students` questionnaires showed the improvement of their English ability, together with their knowledge about literature and drama, cultivating humanities through the theatrical performance. It may be said that
has achieved multi-functional effects of English class converged literature, theatre and humanities even for one semester.
An Exploratory Study on Outcome Variable for Educational Serious Game
Yoon, Clara ; Choi, Hun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 546~552
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.546
With the increasing popularity of computer games as a leisure activity, there has been a rise in the interest in the effectiveness of serious games. Many of the earlier researches are focused on evaluation of effects, types, developments of serious games, whereas little is known about the after effects of serious games. The aim of this paper is to examine the previous literatures on serious games in regard to their impacts and outcomes of gaming for the purpose of empirical evidence as impacts and outcomes are needed for exploratory study of variable outcomes of educational serious games. It is worth noting that current review would be used as an outcome indicator for verifying the after effects of both cognitive and educational after the usage of these educational serious games.
Influence Analysis of Investor Preference for Investment Satisfaction Degree on Decision Making of Real Estate Investment
Paek, Jun-Seok ; Kim, Gu-Hoi ; Lee, Joo-Hyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 553~562
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.553
Then, it investigated the investment preference through the previous studies to analyze the influence factor of investment satisfaction and demonstrated the effects through the PLS (Partial Least Squares) regression. In addition, it separated the target type to institutional investors and retail investors and carried out the survey for comparing the investment preference of investor type. The result of analysis found out that institutional investors emphasis on investment preference such as the Inflation hedge, Early payback, Financial stability, Leverage risk and etc. Then, general investors emphasis on investment preference such as the Rental income, Facilities and Equipment, Business area and population, Ease of use, Leverage risk, Early payback and etc. In addition, common investment preferences are the Leverage risk, Early payback and Facility accessibility.
An Exploratory Analyses on Factors related to Mental Health Confidence among Individuals in Long-term Care Facilities: Focusing on the Differences by the Length of Hospitalization
Jeon, Hae Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 563~574
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.563
This study aimed to examine the predictors of mental health confidence(MHC) among individuals in psychiatric long-term care facilities(PLCF). It further examined whether the predictors and underlying mechanisms differed by the length of hospitalization. Sample consisted of 1,742 individuals residing in PLCF who participated in the Survey on PLCF. Structural equational modeling was used to examine the predictors of MHC. Multi-group Structural Equation Modeling(SEM) was used to examine whether the predictors and mechanisms differed by the length of hospitalization between those of 10 years or less (n
The Effect of Waiting Environment of Airline Service on Perceived Waiting Time and Service Quality
Lee, Ji-Young ; Han, Hee-Eun ; Choi, Seong-Woo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 575~585
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.575
This study aimed to prove that the effect of waiting environment on perceived waiting time and service quality evaluation of airline service procedure. Survey was conducted by questionnaires that were distributed to international airlines passengers who arrived at the airport. Totally, 300 samples were circulated, and 231 samples among those were collected. According to the results, the suggested hypotheses were accepted except the regulation effect of waiting acceptability. Physical environment has positive effect on the airport and boarding gate, and human environment has more positive effect in-flight service procedure. Thus, variables are correlated among waiting environment, perceived waiting time, and service quality evaluation of airline service. Acceptability as moderating variable has no effect due to passenger`s pre awareness of estimated arrival and departure travel time certainly. At the end of this study, the results of this research can be conjugable on the airline industry, however, some limitations should be discussed by further study directions.
The Study on the Difference of Regulation Recognition among Generations
Choi, Seong-Rak ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 586~595
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.586
The difference of generation is the main cause of society transition. If we know about the gap of generations, then we know where we go in future. This study focus on the differences of a regulation recognition among the generations. When we understand the differences of regulation recognition among the generations, we can realize the trait of regulation in society. In result, there are a lot of differences of regulation recognition among the generations. The older they are, the more they are positive to regulation. And the younger they are, the more they are negative to regulation. In particular, 50`s generation have the opposite regulation recognition to 20`s generation in specialty of regulation and in a conglomerate regulation.
Factors Influencing Allergy related Disease among Korean Adolescents
Park, Ji-Hye ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 596~606
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.596
The purpose of this study was to find out the factors influencing asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis among Korean adolescents. Data of 72,060 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years were derived from the 10th Korean youth`s risk web-based study, which was conducted in 2014. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that factors influencing asthma was sex, age, BMI, subjective socioeconomic status, smoking, and subjective perception of stress. Factors influencing allergic rhinitis was age, place of residence, subjective socioeconomic status, drinking, and subjective perception of stress. Factors influencing atopic dermatitis was sex, age, subjective socioeconomic status, drinking, and subjective perception of stress. In conclusion, regulatory policy of lifestyle, such as smoking and drinking adversely affect allergy related disease in adolescents strengthening comprehensive prevention education and stress management are probably the two need to be implemented at national side.
The Effect of Science Teaching Efficacy Belief of Secondary School Teachers on Astronomy Topics: Based on Grounded Theories
Bae, Sunghee ; Kim, Hyoungbum ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 607~616
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.607
The purpose of this study was to confirm how the students have responded to their class according to STEB (science teaching efficacy belief) of secondary science teacher in astronomy classes. Middle school teachers in charge of `The Solar System` and `The Exosphere and Space Development` in the 2009 Revision Science Curriculum content system is selected as an object of study through random sampling method. Twenty-nine teachers were taken STEB questionnaire and asked to make it out. Twenty-seven completed a questionnaire of them is selected for this study. In addition, the top and bottom 5% selected through frequency analysis with the total score from the questionnaire were regarded as high and low STEB teachers. For data collection, this study was used methods such as semi-structured interviews, recording, participant observation. The results were as follows: First, science teachers of high STEB had a high accessibility about excellent professional knowledge and content of the curriculum relating to astronomical field. Second, high STEB teachers were prepared by the appropriate teaching strategies adequate to student-centered learning, whereas the low STEB teachers totally have had teacher-centered learning. Third, high STEB teachers had been provided as the idea that you can take advantage of a variety of instruments, as well as scientific knowledge through the Astronomical Society. Therefore, confidence in astronomical class and teaching strategies through content of the curriculum were very important variables to predict the STEB as well as astronomy-related class activities such as astronomical observations.
Effects of Supervisor Trust on the Organizational Effectiveness: Focused on the Mediating Effects of Psychological Empowerment
Hwang, Jong-mun ; Kim, Sung-Jong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 617~629
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.617
The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of the confirmed of boss and the organizational effectiveness. For this, The mediating effect of psychological empowerment was verified. on the Influence of Organizational Effectiveness. the confirmed of boss (+)effected of the organizational effectivenes and verified the parameter part of psychological empowerment. Also The confirmed of boss (+)effected of a Junior staff`s the job satisfaction and the organizational commitment. This results suggest that for maximization the organizational effectiveness need the confirmed of boss and the delegation of authority. The delegation of authority from boss provide autonomy and creativeity to Junior staffs. This ways suggest that make them the job satisfaction and the organizational commitment.
The Moderating effects of Organizational Identity on the Creating Shared Value of Hotel and Organizational Loyalty
Lim, Ji-Eun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 630~637
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.630
This research is an empirical study to analyze the relationship between creating shared value(CSV), organizational loyalty, and the organizational identity of employees. A survey was conducted of the employees of a luxury hotel in Korea, and 234 questionnaires were analyzed. The results of hierachical regression analyses are as follows: First, the relationship between CSV and organizational loyalty showed a positive correlation. Second, the organizational identity partially moderated the relationship between the CSV of hotel and the organizational loyalty of employees. That is, when the employees had a strong organizational identity, the positive correlation between the hotel`s intention to support the suppliers and the employees` organizational loyalty became relatively stronger. Implications and future research suggestions of CSV are discussed.
The Effects of Young Children Teachers` Ego-strength and Self-efficacy on Problem Solving
Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Park, Su-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 638~648
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.638
This research is to verify early child teachers` ego-strength and self-efficacy that effect to problem solving. The subjects are included 293 in-service teachers in K city and J province. The research tools are ego-strength scale, self-efficacy scale and problem-solving scale. The data is disposed of t-test, one-way analysis of variance, correlation and regression analysis. As a result, eco-strength, self-efficacy and problem-solving that have a correlation, in addition, variable to effect to self-strength and self-efficacy as solving problems. Therefore, early child teachers are able to own psychological conflict and anxiety which can be disturbing in teaching young children in warm and comfortable ways. It is required to develop a self-growth program to increase ego-strength, self-efficacy, and problem-solving.
Burden, Coping Behavior and Ego-resilience on Caregivers of Stroke Patients
Jeong, Ji-Yeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 649~660
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.649
The purpose of this study was to identify the differences and relations among burden, coping behavior and ego-resilience on caregivers of stroke patients. Participants were 74 caregivers of stroke patients who were hospitalized in the department of Neurosurgery and Neurology. Data was collected from March, 30 to September, 30 of 2014. Result: Caregivers burden was 3.66, coping behavior and ego-resilience were 2.67 and 3.10. Caregivers burden had significant differences according to caregivers gender, age, relationship with the patient, education level, marital state, and subjectively perceived physical condition. Coping behavior had significant differences according to martial state and caregiving hours, ego-resilience had no variable which showed significant differences. There is little correlation among these three variables. In conclusion, the burden levels are high in caregivers. It requires measures for reducing the caregivers burden. Further replication studies to identify the relation among these three variables are needed as well.
Biochemical Changes in the Tissue of Mice Irradiated with LINAC
Choi, Seong-Kwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 661~666
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.661
In this study, a linear accelerator (LINAC) through 3 Gy of radiation per body irradiated mice of the small intestine and the liver to produce in order to protect the cells after radiation exposure that caspase (caspase 3 &caspase 9) and NO (nitric oxide), and looked like to know cytokine of IL-6 and TNF-
, the result is as follows. First, caspase 3 & caspase 9 showed a noticeable increase in the radiation group than in the control group both small intestine and liver tissues (P <0.001). Second, NO are both intestine and liver tissue showed a marked increase in the radiation group than in the control group (P <0.001). Third, one of Cytokine IL-6 and TNF-
showed a significant increase in the irradiated group than the control group both small intestine and liver tissues (P <0.001).
A Research on Value Structure on Use Behavior about Social Service of the Mentally ill elderly
Kim, Sun-Joo ; Kwon, Sunae ; Bak, Mi-Ok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 667~675
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.667
The aim of this study is to predict use behavior for social welfare service of the elderly mentally ill through means-end chain theory. Means-end chain theory explains cognitive structure related to the consumer`s preference to various products and services. Although the elderly mentally ill begin to emerge as new client population, social welfare services for them do not seem to be enough in the community. Based on this awareness, this study tried to analyse service use behavior of the elderly mentally ill through means-end chain theory to develop new social welfare services. The data were collected from 15 elderly mentally ill and found 5 attributes, 10 consequences, and 11 values. Hierarchical Value Map was composed of `disease management, rehabilitation preparation, hobby leisure
health maintenance, energy of life
social reintegration, life satisfaction, harmonious family life`. To activate the social service for the elderly mentally ill, it should be developed various programs such as disease management, rehabilitation preparation, hobby leisure for the elderly mentally ill. The ultimate value of these programs will be improve life satisfaction and integrated into society.
Models of Database Assets Valuation and their Life-cycle Determination
Sung, Tae-Eung ; Byun, Jeongeun ; Park, Hyun-Woo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 676~693
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.676
Although the methodology and models to assess the economic value of technology assets such as patents are being presented in various ways, there does not exist a structured assessment model which enables to objectively assess a database property`s value, and thus there is a need to enhance the application feasibility of practical purposes such as licensing of DB assets, commercialization transfer, security, etc., through the establishment of the valuation model and the life-cycle decision logic. In this study, during the valuation process of DB assets, the size of customer demand group expected and the amount of demand, the size and importance of data sets, the approximate degree of database` contribution to the sales performance of a company, the life-cycle of database assets, etc. will be analyzed whether they are appropriate as input variables or not. As for most of DB assets, due to irregular updates there are hardly cases their life-cycle expires, and thus software package`s persisting period, ie. 5 years, is often considered the standard. We herein propose the life-cycle estimation logic and valuation models of DB assets based on the concept of half life for DB usage frequency under the condition that DB assets` value decays and there occurs no data update over time.
A Study on the Development and Operation of a Curriculum Based on National Competency Standard (NCS) : Focus on the Case of Department of Real Estate and Urban Future at Hanyang Cyber University
Ham, Nam-Hyuk ; Kim, Jae-Jun ; Yuh, Karen ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 694~711
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.694
National Competency Standards (NCS) is a good resource for curriculum development and operations corresponding to the industrial damand. Recently, four-year colleges and universities are committed to a restructuring of the industry demand-driven training courses in order to strengthen competitiveness. However, NCS is focused to train the technical personnel in vocational training institutions(ex. College, Polytechnic University). Accordingly, NCS applications of four-year colleges and universities are hard to find. In this study, we propose a new model for NCS-based curriculum development and operations. Also, NCS was utilized to complement the existing curriculum. This paper includes the following contents; 1) NCS-based curriculum development process, 2) NCS-based course development and operation, 3) learner satisfaction analysis. Finally, this study provide practical implications to four-year colleges and universities to consider NCS application.
Comparing Factors of Urban Characteristics according to Location of Large Professional Sports Facilities
Seo, Wonseok ; Kwak, JungHyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 712~721
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.712
This study analyzes important urban characteristics according to location of large-scaled professional sports facilities based on a binary logistic regression model and t-test. For the empirical analysis, this study uses 24 urban characteristics within social, economic, cultural, traffic, and spatial categories in 228 cities. The results show that economic condition can be the main decision factor for the differential feature of the location as well as social and traffic conditions. Concretely, more the number of young adults and middle-aged people who have considerable purchasing power, and available land are more the beneficial to the presence of the sports facilities. Recently local governments focus on location of the facilities due to their impacts on regional economics as well as residents` quality of life. In this point of vies, this study gives good understanding why it is a great option for location of the facilities.
The Effects of Police Officer`s Personal Dispositions on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: Moderation Effect of Organization Culture
Joo, Jae-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 722~731
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.722
Previous findings on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors is a useful index for effectiveness of the organization. Also, it is a factor that explains the relation between its member`s attitude and behavior as organizational commitment had been stabilized. Since autonomy and rapidity has become more important in increasing the efficiency of the organization, this means Organizational Citizenship Behaviors has become important in it. Organizational Citizenship Behaviors of the members occurs only when discretion and autonomy are given to its members. Therefore, this study aimed at measuring the effects of police officer`s personal dispositions on organizational citizenship behaviors, exploring the moderation effect of organization culture, and providing the basis with implications to promote the Organizational Citizenship Behaviors in the police Organization. By reviewing previous finding, Police Officer`s Personal Dispositions were selected as independent variables, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors was selected as dependent variable. and Organizational Culture was selected as moderation variable. The result of analysis showed that The belief & The Norm influenced in Organizational Citizenship Behaviors(positive), and The Value in Organizational Citizenship Behaviors(negative). And The moderation effect was tested: The Value
Organizational Citizenship Behaviors(negative), The belief
Organizational Citizenship Behaviors(negative)
The Effect of ROKAF Officer`s Job Satisfaction and Psychological Well-being on their Self-leadership
Jang, Sung-Hwa ; Lee, Sang-Chul ; Ham, Seong-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 732~741
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.732
This research examines the relationships and effects among ROKAF officer`s job satisfaction and psychological well-being and their self-leadership. Multiple regressions were conducted using 211 data. Results are as follows. First, Job satisfaction, psychological well-being and self-leadership were significantly positively correlated with each other. Second, as for the effects of subordinate factors among job satisfaction and psychological well-being on the subordinate factors of self-leadership, personal growth and controling environment of psychological well-being and administration of job satisfaction influenced self-expectation of self-leadership. For the self-reward of self-leadership, personal growth, meaning of life and autonomy of psychological well-being and relationship and reward system of job satisfaction influenced it. Finally, as for the effects of subordinate factors among job satisfaction and psychological well-being on self-leadership, administration and relationship of job satisfaction and personal growth, meaning of life and autonomy of psychological well-being influenced it. Finally implications and limitations of this research are discussed.
The Effect of Service Authenticity and Service Quality on the Customer Satisfaction and Customer Loyalty in Financial Investment Company
Yun, Je-Beom ; Park, Hyeon-Suk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 742~759
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.742
This study aims to examine effects of service authenticity and service quality on the customer satisfaction and customer loyalty in mediation of customer trust in financial investment company. This research model was validated by the statistical tool of SPSS18.0 and AMOS18.0 using survey data collected from the experienced of financial investment company. The results of this study are summarized as follows. First, service process authenticity has a significant effect with customer satisfaction and customer oriented authenticity has a significant effect with customer satisfaction in mediation of customer trust. Second, service quality(tangibility, reliability, assurance, empathy, except responsiveness) has a positive effect(empathy is the highest of all) with customer satisfaction and the importance of service authenticity and service quality can be confirmed from customer satisfaction and customer loyalty. Third, customer satisfaction and customer loyalty as well as trust and satisfaction have significant effects between them, but there have no significance between trust and loyalty. Finally, this study suggests directions of marketing strategy through build up trust in a strong relationship with the existing loyal customer in financial investment company.
Relationships Among Stress Coping Strategy, Social Support, Psychological Well-being, Academic Attitude, of Adolescents with Multi Cultural Family Background
Lee, Deok-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 760~770
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.760
This study analyzed the relationship between stress and academic attitude multicultural youth, and cope with stress social support, and to understand the relationship between the parameters of psychological Hi feeling, and for more efficient guidance Set the structural equation model for verifying the relationship between the factors that provide the basic data to verify the relationship between fit and Henin models through systematic analysis. The results of this study are as follows. First, we examined the difference between the factors of stress due to the demographic Henin multicultural youth. The difference between the stress corresponding to the average income of the grade and families was observed. However, differences in the stress in accordance with the residence period is significantly different from stress for participation in relationships between classes was observed. Second, the stress of multi cultural youth, psychological Hello feeling to cope with stress is sound had the effect of (-). However, social support, stress coping, that there is an effect of the parameters of the positive (+) revealed the relationship between the both of psychological Hello feeling of stress and academic attitude.
Exploration on Difficulty of Human Rights Process Conducted in Caretaker Workers of the Disabled Residential Facilities -Focused on the Caretaker Workers of the Disabled Residential Facilities in Busan-
Kim, Sunjoo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 771~781
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.771
This purpose of this study is to identify and conceptualize difficulty of abstract experiencing human rights process conducted in caretaker workers of the disabled residential facilities by utilizing multidimensional scaling. Focused on the caretaker workers of the disabled residential facilities in Busan, gathering a declarative sentence from caretaker workers, have classified index card. According to the results of the analysis, be reached name of six cluster. In facilities, caretaker workers was recognized Communication of the conflict between those People with intellectual disabilities, intention of service provider is not taken into account, those people emphasis to show up for caretaker workers, conflict based subjective human rights awareness of those People with intellectual disabilities. External facilities, interest in human rights is increasing becoming of pollution have difficulty to work hard time gaps between practice of human rights management and on-the-job experience, the rigidity of human rights investigation and inspection, lack of consideration for the caretaker workers. Based on this result, this study suggested a number of practical implications which can be used to reduce difficulty of human rights process conducted in the caretaker workers of the disabled residential facilities.
The Effects on Goal-directed Rubrics Nursing Student`s Academic Achievement in Adult Nursing Education
Jang, YounKyoung ; Kim, Hae-Ran ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 3, 2016, Pages 782~789
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.03.782
The purpose of this study was to develop a goal-directed rubrics for a adult nursing education and to evaluate this rubric`s effects on academic achievement of nursing students. A total of 154 nursing students participated in this study. The data were analyzed by t-test,
-test with SPSS win 20.0 program. Rubrics in adult nursing education was to improve the academic achievement. With this result, the rubrics development of nursing education in a variety of areas and would have to be evaluated.