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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 8 - Aug 2016
Volume 16, Issue 7 - Jul 2016
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Jun 2016
Volume 16, Issue 5 - May 2016
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Apr 2016
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Mar 2016
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Feb 2016
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Jan 2016
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Research on Convergence of Internet-of-Things and Cloud Computing
Choi, Kyung ; Kim, Mihui ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.001
Internet of Things (IoTs) technologies have been computerized information generated from a variety of objects and humans, and have been applied to various fields by connecting via the Internet. In order to compensate for the marginal characteristics of IoT smart devices, such as low-power, limited processing and capacities, combining IoT and cloud computing technologies is now established itself as one of the paradigms. In this paper, we look at the definition, features and services of IoT and cloud computing technology, and we investigate and analyze the conversing needs of IoT and could computing, existing conversion paradigms, convergence cases, and platforms. In results, there are challenges to be solved, even though the cloud technologies complement a number of restrictions of IoT and offer various advantages such as scalability, interoperability, reliability, efficiency, availability, security, ease of access, ease of use, and reduced cost of deployment. We analyze the new research issues of convergence paradigm, and finally suggest a research challenges for convergence.
Design and Implementation of Server-based Resource Obfuscation Techniques for Preventing Copyrights Infringement to Android Contents
Park, Heewan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 13~20
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.013
Most software is distributed as a binary file format, so reverse engineering is not easy. But Android is based on the Java and running on virtual machine. So, Android applications can be analyzed by reverse engineering tools. To overcome this problem, various obfuscation techniques are developed. In android environment, the Proguard is most widely used because it is included in the Android SDK distribution package. The Proguard can protect the Java source code from reverse engineering analysis. But it has no function to protect resources like images, sounds and databases. In this paper, we proposed and implemented resource obfuscation framework to protect resources of android application. We expect that this framework can protect android resources effectively.
The Congruent Effects of Gesture and Facial Expression of Virtual Character on Emotional Perception: What Facial Expression is Significant?
Ryu, Jeeheon ; Yu, Seungbeom ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 21~34
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.021
In the design and develop a virtual character, it is important to correctly deliver target emotions generated by the combination of facial expression and gesture. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of congruent/incongruent between gesture and facial expression on target emotion. In this study four emotions, joy, sadness, fear, and anger, are applied. The results of study showed that sadness emotion were incorrectly perceived. Moreover, it was perceived as anger instead of sadness. Sadness can be easily confused when facial expression and gestures were simultaneously presented. However, in the other emotional status, the intended emotional expressions were correctly perceived. The overall evaluation of virtual character`s emotional expression was significantly low when joy gesture was combined with sad facial expression. The results of this study suggested that emotional gesture is more influential correctly to deliver target emotions to users. This study suggested that social cues like gender or age of virtual character should be further studied.
Analysis of Factors Affecting on Mobile Video Services` Satisfaction
Kim, Min-Jeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 35~45
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.035
The purpose of this study is to examine factors that influence mobile video services` satisfaction. 362 users who use both DMB and mobile video services complete the questionnaires measuring 6 attribute level satisfactions and total satisfaction of mobile video services, TV contents broadcasting status in mobile video services. The data are analyzed by using frequency analysis, Chi-square test, t-test/F-test, multiple regression and moderated multiple regression. The results of the study are as follows: First, diverse contents, image quality, video streaming quality, user convenience, and data consumption volume affect total satisfaction of mobile video services. Second, TV contents broadcasting status in mobile video services doesn`t show positive moderation effect on the relationship between attribute level satisfaction and total satisfaction. Based on the results, the implications and limitations of this study are discussed.
The Mediator Effect of Social Capital in Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprise Performance
Lee, Jun-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 46~57
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.046
The purpose of this study was to identify the elements of virtuous cycle to lay a foundation for the coevolution of corporations and communities based on the entrepreneurship and social capital of social enterprises. The study first set out to add the pursuit of social goals to the components of entrepreneurship, namely innovation, progressive spirit, and risk sensitivity and categorized social capital into structural, cognitive, and relational capital. The study set six hypotheses and performed correlation and regression analysis to empirically analyze mediator effect of social capital in relationship between entrepreneurship and social enterprise performance. The findings were summarized as follows: First, relational capital had full mediated effect between entrepreneurship and economic performance of social enterprise. Second, relational capital had full mediated effect between entrepreneurship and social performance of social enterprise.
Correlation between Pragmatic Language and Executive Function in Patients with Acquired Brain Injury
Lee, Mi-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 58~67
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.058
Pragmatic language impairment is closely related to the executive function difficulties in patients with acquired brain injury(ABI). This study was designed to explore the correlation between two domains following ABI. Thirty-five participants with ABI were grouped into 21 aphasics due to stroke and 14 TBIs. All subjects were over 55 years old. Measures of two domains were administered to all participants. As a result, figurative language comprehension and functional/symbolic language were significantly correlated with the activating task in aphasic group. All tasks were significantly correlated in TBI group. Aphasic patients` figurative language comprehension significantly predicted the activating task. In TBI group, figurative language expression and functional/symbolic language were the predictable tasks of planning and activating, respectively. Current study demonstrates the evidence of a significant association between pragmatic language and executive function, and provides appropriate tasks used for cognitive-linguistic intervention of individuals with ABI.
Mediating Role of Consumer`s Affective Respones and Store Image in Relationships between Perceived Store` Characteristics and Loyalty
Choi, Chul-Jae ; Min, Dae-Gyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 68~86
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.068
This study confirmed structural causal relations among concepts such as characteristics of store, store image, affective satisfaction, affective commitment, and loyalty and surveyed mediating roles of affective commitment in grocery retailing. Analysis of structural equation modeling with SPSS18.0 and AMOS18.0 were performed to test the research hypothesis. The results are as follows. First, Perceived quality, product assortment and product price influenced satisfaction. Second, Store image influenced affective satisfaction, affective commitment and loyalty. Affective satisfaction influenced affective commitment but not loyalty directly. Third, affective commitment influenced loyalty through the powerful mediating role. The store characteristics was seen to have a positive impact on affective satisfaction through store image, and in turn related to affective commitment, ultimately leading to loyalty. Especially, It is meaningful result in this study which is confirmed affective commitment have a strong mediating role in between store image, affective satisfaction and loyalty. Finally, we discussed the role of affective commitment and the strategies of affective commitment development, and suggested future studies.
Understanding International Volunteering in Education through Critical Pedagogy
Hur, Changsoo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 87~95
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.087
International volunteering in education is one of activities in volunteering. Volunteers have been recognizing that educational activities play an important role in volunteering. Recently, there is an increase of participants and various supports for educational volunteering in South Korea. However, regardless of the essential meanings in which activities commonly attempt for deriving local sources in terms of human and resources, many participants in volunteering take advantages of their own purposes and providing their supports in terms of a mercy. This study asserts that this situation comes from the lack of theoretical understanding of volunteering. Therefore, this study realizes a need of providing a theoretical background and purports to suggest it for international volunteering in education. It is the critical pedagogy. Critical pedagogy tries to deconstruct false-consciousness of the oppressed through education. And, it emphasizes that people could have autonomy and self-directed sovereignty. Accordingly, critical pedagogy should be a theoretical background of activities for deriving human`s autonomous consciousness and their own resources. Thus, it might be a theoretical background for international volunteering in education.
Comparison on Dental Anxiety according to the Type of Oral Health Education
Jeong, Mi-Ae ; Ha, Jung-Eun ; Kim, Min-Ji ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 96~103
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.096
The aim of this study was to confirm the effectiveness of learner-centered teaching models to reduce the dental anxiety. 18 children with age of 10 at the case group and 22 children with age of 10 at the control group was completed. Children from case group were participated in learner-centered oral health education, while those from control group were participated in instructor-led oral health education. Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) at each groups were measured before oral health education, after then, oral health education of two types at each groups were separately conducted during 1-hour, 2 times. Learner-centered oral health education adapted the systematic desensitization (Tell-Show-Do) was conducted for case groups. Instructor-led oral health education was performed by using the presentation file (PPT). The change of Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) were compare between case and control groups to evaluate the effect of learner-centered teaching type. After oral health education, DAS of the case and control groups at the baseline were 9.61 and 11.14, respectively, and the average DAS decline of case and control groups after oral health education were 2.48 and 0.55, respectively. These findings show that a learner-centered teaching type is an effective oral health program to reduce of dental anxiety in childhood.
Object Detection using Fuzzy Adaboost
Kim, Kisang ; Choi, Hyung-Il ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 104~112
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.104
The Adaboost chooses a good set of features in rounds. On each round, it chooses the optimal feature and its threshold value by minimizing the weighted error of classification. The involved process of classification performs a hard decision. In this paper, we expand the process of classification to a soft fuzzy decision. We believe this expansion could allow some flexibility to the Adaboost algorithm as well as a good performance especially when the size of a training data set is not large enough. The typical Adaboost algorithm assigns a same weight to each training datum on the first round of a training process. We propose a new algorithm to assign different initial weights based on some statistical properties of involved features. In experimental results, we assess that the proposed method shows higher performance than the traditional one.
Effect of Cost Perception and Cost Attitude on Cost Management Behavior among Clinical Nurses
Lim, Ji-Young ; Kim, Ju-Hang ; Kim, Geun-Myun ; Yoo, Jung-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 113~123
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.113
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate how the cost perception and the cost attitude of nurses have effect on cost management behavior. Methods: Participants were 150 nurses who had worked for more than 1 year in general hospitals. Data were collected from November 16 to December 11, 2015, using self-recorded questionnaires. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression methods. Results: Cost management behavior was positively correlated with cost perception and cost attitude. Cost attitude was revealed as the variable having effect on cost management behavior. Positive cost attitude can induce desirable cost management. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop effective and systematic Cost Education Program for nurses. Our result is useful to develop cost Education program of clinical nurses, and can be expandable for a variety of fields in programs for nursing students, and nurse managers.
Semantic Network Analysis of Government`s Crisis Communication Messages during the MERS Outbreak
Lee, Mina ; Hong, Juhyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 124~136
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.124
Because of continuous outbreaks of disasters and emergencies, the importance of government crisis management has been increased. This study analyzed the Korean government`s response messages during the 2015 MERS outbreak, which was an emergency issue that showed a great ripple effect. According to the three diffusion phases of MERS, the semantic network analysis of 134 press releases on the central and local governments` official web sites of MERS was conducted. The results showed that during the early stage of MERS, the central government misperceived the crisis situation, and as a result, specific and enough information was not provided promptly regarding a list of hospitals with known MERS exposure and prevention method. During MERS diffusion and decline stages, Seoul and Gyeonggi-do provided more specific and actionable messages than the central government. This study was meaningful in that it analyzed and evaluated crisis communication messages during an outbreak of the infectious disease. The findings of this study provide useful implications for government officials in their crisis management and communication strategy during emergency risk situations.
Research on Online Video Content Distributors in China
Park, Sung-Eun ; Lee, Gun-Woong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 137~147
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.137
The Online video content service developed into one of the most popular network service of internet and mobile users. The number of online video content distributors are rapidly increasing in China. But, at present, Online video content distributors in china has the following problems: severe similar content, copyright infringement issue and profit model absence. The purpose of this study is to analyze the development of these distributors, especially YoukuTudou and iQiyiPPS. This study also reviews the stage of development and current situation of online video content market in china.
Analysis on the Differences of Regulation Recognition according to Political Party
Choi, Seong-Rak ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 148~156
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.148
Party is the main factor in modern country. Therefore, there are a lot of articles about the difference of public policies and citizen`s recognition according to their supported party. However, there is few research about the regulation recognition according to citizen`s supported party. This study focuses on the differences of a regulation recognition according to citizen`s supported party. In result, there are a lot of differences of regulation recognition according to citizen`s supported party. The people who support Saenuri Party have a positive recognition about a necessity of regulation, a fairness of regulation, a reliability of a regulation. But the people who don`t support Saenuri Party have a negative recognition about those. In Korea, government regulations have a lot of relationship with a party and politics.
Impact Analysis of Government Subsidy Fluctuations on Basic Research Outputs: focused on the IT field
Yeon, Seungmin ; Kim, Seulki ; Kim, Jae-Soo ; Lee, Byeong-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 157~171
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.157
The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between fluctuations of a government subsidy and research outputs on the basic research field. An analysis of this study was conducted on basic research projects specifically on the field of information technology (IT) filed at university and Individual Research Programs of Korean ministry. Using various project characteristic variables, relationship between dependent variables and independent variables was controlled. To summarize results of a regression analysis, from looking at the correlation between fluctuations of a government subsidy and basic research outputs (weighted papers and patents), the result showed a positive relationship. The maximum effect of increased research funding projects on research outputs was 8 times greater than an effect of maintained funding projects. Moreover, the maximum effect of decreased research funding projects on research outputs was 4 times greater than an effect of maintained funding projects. Base on this result, we suggested implications from academic and practical aspects.
Urban Space Style of Korean Films in 1980s, Good Windy Day(1980) and Chil-su And Man-su(1988)
Kim, Jong-Guk ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 172~179
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.172
Korea society in the 1980s is the timing of the hybrid intermingled with the continuous industrialization in the 1970s and the democratic aspirations of the 1990s. Korean films in the `80s codified a tension and conflict patterns of the industrialization and democratization in the style such as film space. The purpose of this study is to consider how this aspect of industrialization and democratization in the `80s was codified in Korean films of the `80s. Specifically, it focuses on the style representing the urban space in Korean films of the `80s. This study looks at the changing pattern of the Korea Society through the 1980s by analyzing the space configuration form of Good Windy Day(1980) and Chil-su And Man-su(1988). Good Windy Day to finalize the `70s and Chil-su And Man-su to greet the `90s show the hybrid aspect of the `80s. In particular, the urban space style of the two films codified the political, economic and social culture of Korea as a whole.
Utilization of School Health Room and Health Problems among Elementary and Secondary School Students, and Nursing Performance of School Health Teachers in a City
Kim, Jin Hee ; So, Hyang Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 180~193
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.180
The purpose of this study was to identify the utilization of school health room and the health problems among elementary and secondary school students as years go by sex, school locations, and to analyze the frequency and difficulty of nursing interventions performance that school health teachers was available to resolve students` health problems at school health room. Participants were fifty nine school health teachers with more than 3 years of career. As the years go by, utilization of school health room has gradually increased. Utilization of female than male was higher than 200%, i.e. Elementary school girls in urban area were the highest rate, and secondary school boys in urban area were the lowest. In male, utilization of school health room was in order the skin and subcutaneous, musculoskeletal, and digestive problems, and also was in order the skin and subcutaneous, digestive, and musculoskeletal problems in female. Utilization of in urban elementary school was higher on patricular health problem than in suburban areas. Nursing interventions of most often using were self-care management & education and counselling. Nursing intervention was the highest degree of difficulty in self-harm, seizure, circulatory health problems. In conclusions, utilization of school health room has gradually increased; therefore workload of school health teacher aggravated. To perform a heath teacher to effectively operate the general and emergency health issues, the expansion of qualified school health teachers is needed, and the standardized guidelines and refresher training programs is required.
Factors Affecting Webtoon`s Success: An Empirical Study
Yang, Ji Hoon ; Lee, Ji Young ; Lee, Sang Woo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 194~204
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.194
With the fast diffusion of smart media, Webtoon has become popular contents among Korean people. Webtoon`s content is being used in various content industries, such as movies and drama, and thus its cultural influence is increasing. Using ordinal Regression analysis, this study tried to find major factors affecting webtoon`s success. This study found that readers` rating, number of likes, OSMU, author power, genre, picture style are important factors affecting the success of webtoon. This study has several business implications for the Korean webtoon industry.
Analysis of Network for Asian Cup Soccer Final based on Social Network Theory: Based on Centrality Indexes
Kim, Sun-Duck ; Seong, Tae-Young ; Lee, Dong-Min ; Lee, Man-Hyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 205~216
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.205
This study aimed to discover the most influential player in the network of Soccer game and how individual players contribute within the team with quantitative capabilities they possess. It also examined whether or not the network of relationship between players and the coach`s tactics were in harmony. The results showed high level of correlation between the network between offenders and defenders according to tactics of the coach during the first half. It can be said that each players fulfilled their role and formed a network within them to lead the game and form a virtuous network structure. On the other hand, the overall network of the team was focused on a specific player during the second half. But the coach`s appropriate use of substitutes and change in tactics stabilized the network balance between the players.
Middleware to Support Real-Time in the Linux User-Space
Lee, Sang-Gil ; Lee, Seung-Yul ; Lee, Cheol-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 217~228
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.217
Linux it self does not support real-time. To solve this problem RTiK-Linux was designed to support real-time in the kernel space. However, since the user space does not support real-time, it is not easy to develop application. In this paper, we designed and implemented a RTiK-middleware to support real-time in the user space. RTiK-middleware provides real-time scheduling for user space through signal request period after to register process information with request period using apis on application. To evaluate the performance of the proposed RTiK-middleware, we measured the periods of generated real-time threads using RDTSC instructions, and verified that RTiK-middleware operates correctly within the error ranges of 1ms.
The Effects of Social Enterprise CEO`s Job Stress on Business Preformance
Jo, Jong-Hyeon ; Jeon, In-Oh ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 229~241
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.229
This research has its purpose to seek, among the CEOs of social enterprises, the influence of job stress on business performance, social support inbetween them, and adjusting role of government-supported policies. CEO of social enterprise, which is established to realize its social purposes, receives the job stress due to business ethics, profitability, identity crisis, management challenges and etc. We would like to set the foundation for the enterprises to constantly conduct social purposes within the local society by raising the business performances of social enterprises through seeking the measures to resolve such job stresses of the CEOs by expressing them. This research applied the ISR Job Stress Model theroy as its main ground of theoretical background. We would like to analyze the inter-significance by setting the job stress causes and job stress influences as independent variables, business achievements as a dependent variable, and social support, government-supported policies as moderating variables. For the methods of the research, we collected, using structuralized questionnaire, from 223 social enterprise CEOs located within Korea. Data analysis used IBM SPSS Statristics 20.0 programme, and through general characteristic of sample, confidence testing, factorial analysis, correlation analysis and research hypothesis testing, drew the following results. First, job stress factor and influence were analyzed to have negative impacts on business performance. Second, social support was found to lower job stress factor and influence, and raise business performance. Third, government-supported policy was analyzed to lower job stress factor and influence, and raise business performance.
Affective Priming Effect on Cognitive Processes Reflected by Event-related Potentials
Kim, Choong-Myung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 242~250
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.242
This study was conducted to investigate whether Stroop-related cognitive task will be affected according to the preceding affective valence factored by matchedness in response time(RT) and whether facial recognition will be indexed by specific event-related potentials(ERPs) signature in normal person as in patients suffering from affective disorder. ERPs primed by subliminal(30ms) facial stimuli were recorded when presented with four pairs of affect(positive or negative) and cognitive task(matched or mismatched) to get ERP effects(N2 and P300) in terms of its amplitude and peak latency variations. Behavioral response analysis based on RTs confirmed that subliminal affective stimuli primed the target processing in all affective condition except for the neutral stimulus. Additional results for the ERPs performed in the negative affect with mismatched condition reached significance of emotional-face specificity named N2 showing more amplitude and delayed peak latency compared to the positive counterpart. Furthermore the condition shows more positive amplitude and earlier peak latency of P300 effect denoting cognitive closure than the corresponding positive affect condition. These results are suggested to reflect that negative affect stimulus in subliminal level is automatically inhibited such that this effect had influence on accelerating detection of the affect and facilitating response allowing adequate reallocation of attentional resources. The functional and cognitive significance with these findings was implied in terms of subliminal effect and affect-related recognition modulating the cognitive tasks.
Optimizing I/O Stack for Fast Storage Devices
Han, Hyuck ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 251~258
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.251
Recently, the demand for fast storage devices is rapidly increasing in cloud platforms, social network services, etc. Despite the development of fast storage devices, the traditional Linux I/O stack is not able to exploit the full extent of the performance improvement since it has been optimized for disk-based storage devices. In this paper, we propose an optimized I/O stack which can fully utilize the I/O bandwidth and latency of fast storage devices. To this end, we design a new I/O interface to replace the current block I/O interface and optimize our I/O interface. Our optimized I/O interface bypasses operations/layers in block I/O subsystems of the current Linux I/O stack to fully exploit fast storage devices. We also optimize the Linux file systems such as ext2 and ext4 to run on our I/O interface. We evaluate our I/O stack with multiple benchmarks and the experimental results show that our I/O stack achieves 1.7 times better throughput compared to traditional Linux I/O stack.
The Effect of Perceived Social Support on the SNS Interactions and Expected Level of Perceived Information Authenticity
Kim, Dong-Tae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 259~268
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.259
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of perceived social supports(PSS) in SNS on SNS interactions. In addition the present study aims to look for the effect of SNS interactions on the expected level of information authenticity perceived by information users. The results show that the effect of PSS on the desire for self-identity presentation is significant(Hypothesis 1 accepted). It also reveal that the desire for self-identity presentation positively affect SNS interactions (Hypothesis 2 accepted). And the effect of PSS on the SNS interactions is positively significant(Hypothesis 3 accepted). Finally, the degree of SNS interactions positively affect the expected level of information authenticity perceived by information users(Hypothesis 4 accepted). The significance of this study is to extend scope of research which is related with PSS. Especially, present study emphasize the difference between offline PSS and online PSS. And this study make clear the cause-and-effect relationship is at work between online PSS and SNS interactions, unlike preceding researches.
Research for Relations between Satisfaction of Participants and Intension of Participation in terms of Evaluation Indicators of Public Management System
Lee, Jeong-Jae ; Kim, Gu-Hoi ; Lee, Joo-Hyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 269~281
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.269
This research made a evaluation indicators of public management system for operating efficient urban and housing redevelopment. We analyzed how satisfaction of participants about the evaluation indicators are used to parameters and affects intension of participation structure by using PLS structural equation model. We choose result evaluation tools: Foucs Group Interview and Balanced Score Card for appraising public management system. Specifically, We categorized setting business planning and selecting business tool, operating participation groups, motivating participation, post management and sustainability, and economics of business. As a results of the evaluation, setting business planning and selecting business tool, post management and sustainability, and economics of business influence comprehensive satisfaction. Post management and sustainability, economics of business, and setting business planning and selecting business tool turned out that they are very influential in the arranged order.
A study on a Trickster in Talchum - Focusing on Maltugi in Yangbangwajang of Bongsantalchum
Park, Hee-Jeong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 282~289
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.282
A term that has been used since ancient times, `trickster` means `a person who performs general tricks`. In other words, a trickster is a person who exhibits his or her intrinsic characteristics by using tricks, or who has a special ability to make any situation work well only for him or herself. This thesis looks for basic concepts and features of tricksters in research undertaken into tricksters to date. It also aims to uncover the trickster side of Maltugi in Talchum (a traditional mask dance). A trickster is a person who tricks, but the characteristic itself is unclear and abnormal. A trickster also has borderline, duplicitous or multi-value characteristics, so it is impossible to merely define him or her as `a person who tricks`. When dealing with a trickster`s characteristics, the `Liminality` element is very important, because he or she is a person who exists in all the borderlines of space, time, society, and language, and assaults the social order via deceit, play, and the fulfillment of greed. Maltugi in Talchum is a man of humble birth, but he is a character who attacks the Yangban (aristocrats) without hesitation. He is a kind of representative of the people who speaks for the commoners` feelings. At a time of the Three Policies` Disorder and frequent external aggressions, the commoners felt a sense of helplessness against the Yangban, who they viewed as immoral. Maltugi laughs at and depreciates the Yangban through the use of puns, and shows a faithful attitude to the present without being afraid of the result caused by his activity. This implies that he has the characteristics of a trickster.
Analysis of Fine Needle Aspiration Results of Thyroid Nodules in Ultrasonography
Kwak, Jong-Gil ; Han, Jae-Bok ; Song, Jong-Nam ; Moon, Il-Bong ; Choi, Nam-Gil ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 290~297
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.290
This study analyzed the features of the nodules requiring a fine needle aspiration, which were found in thyroid ultrasonography of the employee health check-up examinees. Based on the fine needle aspiration results, over 1 cm nodules or those implying malignancy on the ultrasonography were categorized into the 1st group. Whereas, regardless of the size the fine needle aspiration results implying malignancy on the ultrasonography were categorized into the 2nd group. In the 1st group, 15.8% were malignant, and in the 2nd group, 28% were malignant. The findings implying malignancy were statistically significant. However, even though the nodules were larger than 1 cm, when the nodules were not accompanied by a high risk factor and showed a spongiform structure in the ultrasonographic results, most of them were benign, and a fine needle aspiration was not required. The ultrasonographic findings are important rationales in making a decision on whether or not a fine needle aspiration is required for thyroid nodules. Currently, the fine needle aspiration for thyroid nodules is commonly performed when the size of the nodule is larger than 1 cm, even though it has a spongiform structure, to relieve the patient`s anxiety. However, if ultrasonographic findings of thyroid are correctly understood in differentiating malignant from benign nodules, unnecessary fine needle aspiration can be avoided.
Expansion Plan for Police Welfare Facilities in South Korea: Focused on the Police Training Center
Sung, Yong-Eun ; Youn, Byoung-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 298~305
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.298
The current study assessed the problems of police training center and explored the expansion plan of the center in order to improve the welfare condition of police in South Korea. The results indicated that: 1) deterioration of the facilities; 2) shortage of the facilities compared with the others such as the facilities of military and firefighter; 3) shortage of operation budget. It was suggested to cope with these problems that: 1) employing a government outsourcing of the facilities; 2) disambiguation of the definition of police training center; 3) security of budget for the effective operation of the facilities. The policy implications to enhance the police welfare in South Korea and the limitations were discussed at the last part of the research.
A Study on Free-form Design Shape Creation through Geometric Transformation of Digital Design Tool
Park, Sang-Jun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 306~317
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.306
Both the formal type of architecture and free-form architecture have basic factors and methods for basic expression. Because the use of digital design tools for creation of free-form design mostly depends on the character and ability of designer, this study aims to propose establishment of free-form design creation method as a prototype, including the method to create free-form design, through setting up rules that can be used in common. This study is carried out on the basis of the application of digital design tools used for creation of conceptual free-form styles at the phase of conceptualization and development, which is different from the general theory of free-from design. The free-from style in the modern architecture has begun with the changes in digital design tools and design concepts. In the case study based on the free-form designs in precedent studies, the morphological characteristics have been analyzed and interpreted by using the language of digital design tools, so that this study will suggest the techniques to realize the free-form style on the basis of geometric transformation by using the digital design tools, as well.
Toddler Teachers` Perception and Application of the Contents of the 3rd Standard Educare Curriculum
Kim, Ji-Young ; Kim, Dong-Rye ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 318~326
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.318
The purpose of this study was to analyze differences in toddler teachers` perception and application of the contents of the Standard Educare Curriculum. The participants of this study were 205 toddler teachers in charge of two-year-old children at childcare centers in Jollanamdo. For the survey, a questionnaire was prepared for the purposes of this study based on the contents of the
Standard Educare Curriculum. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0 through frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, paired sample t test, independent sample t test, F test, and Duncan`s post hoc test. The results are as follows. First, toddler teachers` perception of the contents of the National Standard Educare Curriculum was high, and the level of understanding was higher than when their academic degree was high. Second, toddler teachers` application of the contents of the Standard Educare Curriculum was relatively high. Third, there was a significant difference between toddler teachers` perception of the contents of the Standard Educare Curriculum and their actual application of the contents.
Collective Minds Formed through North Korea`s Documentary Films during the Arduous March Period: Focusing on < Let Us Hold High the Red Banner! >
Kim, Seung ; Lee, Woo-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 327~334
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.327
From the present perspective, North Korea overcame its crisis situation of the regime, the Arduous March. What was the driving force, enabling the regime to overcome the situation that could have been collapsed? This study intended to look into what strategy the North Korean government took to unite the social minds through its documentary films in the midst of the national crisis. The results of analysis are as follows. First, the documentary films emphasize that the people should become heroes in heroic fantasies. These films present the model cases, in which the people break through the hardships with their strong willpower, as an answer. Second, they mind the defeatism and encourage the triumphalism. They stress the importance of uniting collective minds as a breakthrough in overcoming the economic crisis. Third, they place an emphasis on creating the harmonized minds. They repeat the recovery of communistic morality, which has been emphasized up to date. Collective minds are eventually the outcome obtained from social experiences. North Korea stresses to convert the arduous march into the march to the paradise by the creation of collective minds through documentary films even in difficult realities.
The Study on the Way of Art Appreciation and Education Program Using Principle of Perception and Eye Movement
Kim, Mikang ; Jang, Jinbeum ; Kim, Chulhyun ; Paik, Joonki ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 335~350
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.335
Learning the principles of perception belongs to both the psychology and art field. However, people define that an art education is an activity of expression, so an activity of an art appreciation is either downsized or hardly proceeded in an art class. Therefore, the art appreciation educational program that gives a motivation to appreciate the work of art and to minimize a burden towards the activity of an art appreciation is needed. This paper proposes an educational program that includes activities to appreciate the work of art using the principles of perception and to create personal portfolios. Also, we analyze the eye movement of the paintings according to the principles of perception. Finally, proposes the art appreciation education program based on Feldman`s critique method. In addition, we illustrate the example of the proposed art appreciation educational program with the analyzed paintings from section III.
Nursing Needs for Elderly Patients with Regional Anesthesia during Operation
Eom, Hea-Kyoung ; Ko, Sung-Hee ; Lee, Young-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 351~360
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.351
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the nursing needs of elderly patients who got a surgical operation under regional anesthesia(spinal, epidural, nerve block). Methods: The participants were 126 elderly patients who completed a questionnaire. The data were collected October 1 and October 31, 2012, and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA,
test. Results: The mean score for the nursing needs of elderly patients administered regional anesthesia during surgery was
, The scores for specific nursing needs were as follows: educational needs (
), spiritual needs (
), physical needs (
), emotional needs (
), and environmental needs (
). There were significant differences in nursing needs relative to gender, religion, and spouse status. Additionally, there were significant differences in nursing needs according to surgery department, the length of time the surgery, and the ASA(American Society of Anesthesiologists) physical classification. of the operation-related characteristics. Conclusion: When caring for elderly patients during the surgery, nurses must provide adequate information about the surgery and anesthesia. Further studies are needed to develop and evaluate nursing interventions to provide quality surgical care for the elderly patients.
Educational Support for Low-Performing Students with Multicultural Backgrounds with Reference to Basic Academic Competency of Elementary/Middle School Students
Goo, Youngsan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 361~374
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.361
The study aims to gain information for developing educational content to support LPSMBs (low-performing students with multicultural backgrounds) in elementary and middle schools. The procedure involved surveying students about their personal characteristics, attitudes related to learning, and learning environment. I analyzed responses from 1,147 students from 200 elementary schools and 3,760 students from 320 middle schools who were LPSMBs and NPSMBs (normally performing students with multicultural backgrounds). LPSMBs in both elementary and middle school showed statistically significant lower scores on most questionnaires related to learning and learning environment than NPSMBs. LPSMBs in elementary schools showed higher scores on teachers` learning support, LPSMBs in middle school showed higher scores on classmates` learning support. LPSMBs born in foreign countries need to be given opportunities to learn Korean as well as their father`s and mother`s culture. I give suggestions for how to support LPSMBs` learning and learning environment based on the survey results.
Impact on the Degree of Labor turnover of Professional Self-concept and Emotional labor: A Case of Female Children`s Hospital Nurses
Shin, Seon-Hui ; Choi, Hyul-Ra ; Kim, Seon-Myung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 375~383
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.375
The purpose of this study is to consider the impact on the degree of turnover of the professional self-concept and the emotional labor. This study were subjected to empirical analysis on female children`s hospital nurses. The results of the analysis, only emotional labor and task satisfaction among the components of the professional self-concept became statistically significant results. The relationship between professional pride and task satisfaction have a significant effect on turnover. The relationship only of surface acting and turnover between those of emotional labor and turnover became significant. Based on the research results, it should be preferred to nurse specialists in the women`s hospital, in order to lower the turnover of nurses. Management strategies of the organization should be sought to improve operational feeling of satisfaction, and Also the approach should be applied to ease the negativity of surface acting.
Language Network Analysis of `Marine Environment` in News Frame
Kim, Ho-Kyung ; Kwon, Ki-Seok ; Jang, Duckhee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 385~398
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.385
This research analyzed domestic newspapers` agenda setting trend and meaning construction process on the issue of marine environment by year. The research conducted a language network analysis and used R program and Netminer program to analyze four major daily newspapers` news coverages (Dong-A, Joongang, Hanhyoreh, and Kyunghyang) for the last ten years (2005-2014). The results show that the issue of marine environment in Korean media reports are signified in the economic context. For the last ten years, news reports are mainly focused on the `development` issue of marine environment, without distinction of year. The core key words of the networks are "development", "plan", and "project." However, diverse strategies for `preservation` are not covered in media reports as a major issue. The importance of effective preservation and reasonable development should be considered in a balanced way. Korean media coverages mainly concentrate on the development issue, and it has a strong influence on considering the marine environment area as an object of development. Future direction and implication of the press reports related to marine environment are discussed.
Factors Influencing Health related Quality of Life in Patients with Hypertension : Based on the 5
Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Lee, Kyongeun ; Cho, Eunhee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 399~409
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.399
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing health related quality of life(HRQOL) in patients with hypertension. Methods: This study carried out secondary analysis using the data from the
Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Subject samples who were selected are 1,240 hypertension patients. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, traditional classic regression, and quantile regression. Results: Restriction of activity, depressive mood, and subjective health status had only significant effects on HRQOL(p<.001). After quantile regression, depressive mood and subjective health status had only significant at 20%(p<.001), 40%(p<.001), and 60%(p<.01) of HRQOL. Perceived stress(p<.001) and regular exercise(p<.01) had only significant at 20% of HRQOL. Current drinking status had only significant at 20%(p<.001) and 80%(p<.01) of HRQOL. Conclusions: Quantile regression maybe a better statistical tool in understanding the heterogeneous effect of hypertension patient`s HRQOL as health outcome. Therefore interventions are needed for patients with hypertension to manage each of the factors affecting the patient`s perceived health status by each quantile.
The Influences of Social Intelligence on Cooperation and Individual Performance of Hotel Employees
Lim, Ji-Eun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 410~419
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.410
The social intelligence, ability of social harmony and relationship was one of the key factor for hotel service quality. and then inquired the relationships among customer-facing employee`s social intelligence of hotel, cooperation of employee, and individual performance. Through the theoretical consideration, concept of social intelligence was established, then we set up the hypothesis for causality relationship. The 201 customer-facing employee of a luxury hotel in Korea were analyzed. According to the results, social intelligence of customer-facing employee effects to cooperation of employee and individual performance positively as well. Cooperation of employee has been confirmed on a positive effect on individual performance. That is, social intelligence is social relationships to effectively building and maintaining a positive and essential skills to leading a substantial performance. Based on the empirical results, meanings, implications, and future research suggestions of social intelligence are discussed.
The Association between Total Sleep Time and Suicidal Ideation in Adults over the Age of 20
Hwang, Eun Hee ; Park, Min Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 420~427
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.420
The purpose of this study was to identify association between total sleep time and suicidal ideation in adults with mental problems and without. The data were derived from the fifth Korea national health and nutrition examination survey and analyzed using the IBM SPSS Statistics version 21.0 software package considering complex samples analysis. The subjects were 6,199 adults. The rate of suicidal ideation was 13.7% (880 people). 13.3% (846 people) of the subjects had experienced depression and out of whom 43.1% (329 people) have had suicidal ideation. 2.7% (164 people) of the subject had received the mental health counseling, and out of whom 40.2% (63 people) have had suicidal ideation. Comparing to group having sleep over 6 hours of more, the group of short sleep had 1.33 times high risk of suicidal ideation among general adults, 1.92 times high risk of suicidal ideation among group who had experienced depression and, 7.10 times high risk of suicidal ideation among group who had received the mental health counseling. Therefore, these results indicate that general adults with short sleep time as well as adults with depression or mental health problems have to be managed to prevent suicide.
Empirical Analysis Approach to Investigating how Consumer`s Continuance Intention to Use Online Store is Influenced by Uncertainty, Switching Cost, Offline Trust, and Individual Negative Emotion: Emphasis on Offline-Online Multi-Channels
Jeon, Hyeon Gyu ; Lee, Kun Chang ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 428~439
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.428
It becomes undeniable trends that offline shopping stores operate their own online shopping stores too. The multi-channel shopping stores like this allow consumers to have much choices to shop from either offline channel or online channel. This trend, however, also opens new research issues. Especially, we have found from literature survey that a new research model is necessary for more in-depth study of the consumer behavior analysis in the multi-channel trends like this, where those constructs such as offline trust, uncertainty, switching cost, and individual negative emotion are considered. It is noted, especially in the multi-channel environments, that uncertainty and switching cost need to be considered, and that individual tends to feel negative emotion much more. By relying on 406 valid questionnaires, we obtained empirical results such that switching cost and offline trust have a positive effect on continuance intention, and uncertainty tends to increase switching cost. Individual negative emotion also affects continuance intention significantly.
A Policy Plan for the Improvement of Artists`s Welfare Law
Noh, MooNee ; Hyun, TaikSoo ; Lee, JeongSeo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 440~448
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.440
This study analyzed the issue and limit of artists`s Welfare Law. The issue is about artists` labor, their status, and the process for buying social insurance. In this study, we used the literature method the existing data collection clean up, analysis, and evaluating. The solution plan for the vitalization of the guarantee of social insurance for stage actors is as follows. First, based on social insurance law, is to grant an exceptional status to stage artists. Second, the process for buying social insurance has to be changed to posterior judgement by Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism after buying social insurance through Ministry of Employment and Labor. And when a theater company as a leaseholder rent a theater, it should be mandatory for it to get existing industrial accident compensation law. As a new numerical formula, there are an unemployment insurance numerical formula considering distinct characteristics of artists` labor and a formula of calculating insurance fee for industrial accident compensation. Last, there needs to be an introduction of exceptional method allowing a preparatory period for the production of a play and stage actors` side job.
The Impacts of Broadcasting Staff`s Role Stress, Job Insecurity, Self-efficacy on Job Engagement
Oh, Meeyoung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 449~462
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.449
The aim of this study is to look into the role stress, job insecurity, self-efficacy and job engagement among broadcasting staffs. It is the ultimate goal for this study to probe how their job engagement affected by three factors - role stress, job insecurity, self-efficacy. 343 respondents participated and the results show they are suffering for the role stress, especially role conflict. Their awareness of the self-efficacy and job engagement is above average, meanwhile of job insecurity is comparably low. It is revealed that the less role ambiguity and the more self-efficacy affect their job engagement and the most influential factor is self-efficacy.
Korean Dietary Life from the View of Foreigner in the early 1900s
Chung, Kyung Rhan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 463~476
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.463
Western countries came to Asia aggressively in the early 1900s. Westerners who came to Korea at that time also had a various jobs with diplomats, missionaries, doctors, and so on. Korean diet was curious and shocking to foreigners in the early 1990s, so they made a record of the Korean diet. They thought Korea was peaceful, attractive and rich to eat. Koreans ate mainly rice and kimchi, a variety of grains, vegetables and bibimbap. Korea had a variety of meat and fish, seaweed, and herbs(ginseng). Foreigners said Koreans were greedy for food and ate a lot. Koreans ate basically a bowl of rice(bap), a bowl of soup(kuk), kimchi, soy sauce and other dishes. If Koreans wanted to set a table in abundance, they have meat soup(kuk) with meat and additional fish like as raw fish, dried fish, and boiled or fried fish. Korean people had a jangdokdae with Ongki(Earthen jar) where soy sauce(kanjang), soybean paste(doenjang), red pepper paste(kochujang), pickles (jang-achi) have been fermented. Foreigners felt the smell of lacquer tree and kimchi hung in the air from Korean people. While they were compared it to the smell of western rim cheese burger, they said Korea was a country with nasty smell in the feet. By the records of foreigners in the early 1900s, Korean`s diets and image were appeared objectively.
Difference in Health-related Quality of Life between Medical Aid Beneficiaries and Health Insurance Beneficiaries using the Community Health Survey
Hong, Ju-youn ; Kim, Gha-jung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 477~487
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.477
This study attempts to comprehensively evaluate differences in sociodemographic characteristics, health behavior, disease morbidity, medical care and health-related quality of life of medical aid beneficiaries and health insurance beneficiaries. To achieve this, this study analyzes primitive data of community health survey that each health center had recently conducted in 2013. Study socioeconomic characteristics, health behavior, disease morbidity, medical care showed that various factors affecting health-related quality of life. It was found that medical aid beneficiaries showed lower health related-quality of life than health insurance beneficiaries because not good socioeconomic characteristics, health behavior, disease morbidity, and medical care and even as a comparative result after controlling socioeconomic characteristics, it was found that medical aid beneficiaries health-related quality of life was lower because of not good health behavior, disease morbidity, and medical care. Therefore, to improve health-related quality of life in medical aid beneficiaries as effectively as possible, improving mental health including managing chronic disease and stress and depression and daily living activities is above all important and our national concern with developing systematic program and policies focusing on health promotion behaviors such as moderate drinking habits and regular exercise and eating habits is required.
A Survey on the Satisfaction of Middle School Students with School Meals and Their Food Preferences
Kim, Ju-Hee ; Kim, Hyung-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 488~496
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.488
A survey of the satisfaction of school meals and food preferences was conducted with an objective to enhance the quality of food service. The study conducted a survey for 292 middle school students (152 boys and 140 girls), who were either in
year. According to the general information, the number of
year students was 134 and 158, respectively. Usually, the mother (92.8%) prepared meal the most, followed in order by the grandmother (5.8%) and father (1.4%). The top priorities of choosing food were taste (82.9%), good for health (6.5%), nutritional value (4.5%), and flavor (3.1%). The satisfaction was investigated using a 5 point scale. The satisfaction of taste was rice (
), side dishes (
), soup (
), kimchi (
). The satisfaction of quantity was rice (
), soup (
), kimchi (
), and side dishes (
). The satisfaction of diversity was side dishes (
), rice (
), soup (
), kimchi (
). For food preferences, the noodle was ranked highest while vegetables showed the lowest. Overall, support will be needed to develop diverse menus for students. This study suggests the need for active nutrition education for establishing proper eating habits.
Effect of Organizational Culture on Subjective Well-Being in Organization
Jung, Seung-Hwan ; Kim, Yeon-Jung ; Song, Young-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 497~508
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.497
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of organizational culture on subjective well-being in organization. For this, this study surveyed organizational culture and subjective well-being those 142 workers experienced. CVM(Competing Value Model) and COMOSWB(Concise Measure of Subjective Well-Being) were used to measure them. The results were as follows: First, organizational culture had a significant influence on the subjective well-being(p<.001) in the organization and explained it as 28.4%. Only group culture had a significant positive influence on the subjective well-being(p<.001). On the other hand, hierarchical culture, developmental culture and rational culture had no significant influence on subjective well-being. Second, organizational culture had a significant positive influence on satisfaction(p<.001) and positive emotion(p<.001), but had a negative influence on negative emotion(p<.05) which are the factors of subjective well-being, and explained them as 35.3%, 26.0% and 5.1%. Only group culture had a significant positive influence on satisfaction(p<.001) and positive emotion(p<.001), but had negative influence on negative emotion(p<.01). Based on the drawn results, this study provides practical and theoretical implications and suggests further studies.
Customer Friendly Image towards Regional General Hospitals
Nam, Sang-Yo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 509~519
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.509
For the purpose of providing valuable marketing data to improve hospital management an assessment of customer friendly image towards local general hospitals in a city near from Seoul was carried out. The results are as follows. First, it was possible to measure & record the level of customer friendly image towards general hospitals & different regions. Second, a multiple regression analysis and AHP analysis showed that the expertise, continuity affected the customer friendly image of the hospitals but the reputation and economics showed relatively low score. This study contributes to make hospital strategy for local hospital marketing specialist showing that hospital should improve expertise and continuity to enhance medical customer friendly image of the hospital. In conclusion. this study results present primary data for correct decision making for authorities of local general hospitals who have concerns about increasing customer friendly image to improve hospital management.
Quantitative Evaluations for Impressions of Landscape and Soundscape about Traditional Area in Asan City
Yim, Dong-Kyun ; Sugiyama, Kazuichi ; Kim, Eung-Nam ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 520~532
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.520
In this paper, we propose a novel method to analyze and quantitatively evaluate the impression of landscapes and soundscapes about traditional area of Chungnam Asan city in Korea. For this, we collated data about impression evaluation of Korean and Japanese students and, based on these result, we proved the validity and usefulness of the evaluation system that we proposed through this study. The research process conducted in this study as follows: first of all, we had selected five traditional places of interest in Asan City, and investigated various conditional elements of the area including soundscapes which is forming the landscape using video camera. And we made both Korean and Japanese students evaluate the impression for these videotaped landscape data through using the SD(semantic differential) method. And then, we quantified these qualitative data through applying the quantification theory and cluster analysis method to them. Though this process, we could obtain both data as a result derived by classifying each sample and categorizing levels of those impression evaluation. Because of totally difference between those two analyzing processes, which one is for sample classification and the other is for determining impression level, we could validate the usefulness of our evaluation system through conducting comparative analysis of results from both methods. Analysis showed that our novel evaluation system for landscape is effective and, in most part of the traditional landscape, Japanese students` responses are different far from the Korean students` responses.
The Effect of the Working Environment of Elderly care Facility Employees on the Care Service Quality and the Mediation Effect of Social Support
Kim, Jeong-Hui ; Jang, Cheon-Sik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 533~547
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.533
The goal of this study is to analyze the effect of the working environment of elderly care facility employees on the care service quality and the mediation effect of social support. The results of the research were as follows: First, it has been confirmed that a high level of average monthly salary and the salary satisfaction theref have a positive correlation with an improvement in care service quality in the working environment variables of elderly care facility employees. Second, it has been confirmed that the average monthly salary and the salary satisfaction level among the working environment variables of elderly care facility employees have a positive correlation on the parameter of social support. Third, a partial mediation effect of social support has been confirmed in the effect that average monthly salary and the salary satisfaction level variables have on the quality of care service in the working environment of elderly care facility employees. Thus, this study actively reflects the social situation of an aged society and uses "Self-checking Management Measures" capable of suggesting the management direction for the elderly care facility to measure its service quality and proposes a method to improve the working environment of the elderly care facility employees.
Job Involvement of Local Officials have Impact on Organizational Performance
Kim, Kyung-Bum ; Hyun, Sung-Wook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 548~560
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.548
The purpose of this study is the attitude of the job involvement of local community service center officials, directly face-to-face contacted with the local residents and offered them to the administrative service, to determine the impact relation to organizational commitment and organizational performance. And make sure that the organizational commitment is even perform the role of a parameter in the relationship between job involvement and organizational performance. Analysis showed that the job involvement had a direct impact on organizational commitment but it did not have a direct impact on organizational performance. And organizational commitment was found to have a direct impact on organizational performance. Therefore, Job involvement had not a direct impact on organizational performance, but had a indirect impact on organizational performance through the organizational commitment. The implications of this study, when local officials, directly face-to-face contacted with the local residents and offered them to the administrative service, involved in the planning and execution as well as more direct understanding of their job descriptions(received and processed the local residents complaints, (do things to serve the public`s welfare and voluntary service to local residents, etc.), they can improve organizational commitment related to love their organization and loyalty in their organization, and pride in their organization.
Analysis of Implementing a Multicultural Experiential Learning Program in Philippines based on APEC Edutainment Exchange
Jun, Young-cook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 561~574
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.561
The purpose of this study is to enhance the quality of APEC Edutainment Exchange Program (AEEP) that was developed for Korean multicultural students and implemented in Philippines. Based on literature review and data analysis, we designed and developed edutainment-based contents for their team projects. The participants of the AEEP which was carried out between Aug 12th and 19th in 2012 were 34 elementary and secondary school students with program coordinators. Data collection included survey, video, interview, report and episodes. The data analysis of AEEP activities revealed the features of global experiential learning and edutainment in the K-pop and cooking projects where the Korean-Philippino students exchanged their cultural activities with joyful cooperation. The data also confirmed the Korean students` positive changes toward multi-cultural understandings and attitudes.
Undergraduate Medical Students` Perception of Complementary and Alternative Medicine and Korean Medicine
Yoo, Hyo-Hyun ; Lee, Jun-Ki ; Shin, Sein ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 575~582
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.575
The purpose of this study was to analyse undergraduate medical students` perception of the complementary and alternative medicine(CAM) and Korean medicine. A total of 409 undergraduate medical students participated in the survey. Methodologically, descriptive statistics, MANOVA and logistic regression analysis were conducted. First grade students had more positive perception of CAM and Korean medicine than others. There were no significant differences in the perception of CAM in terms of students` grade and gender(affective attitude, compatability, effectiveness, intention to adoption). However, there was gender difference in perception of Korean medicine. Also, the result showed that students` perception of effectiveness had influence whether they recognize CAM and Korean medicine as medicine or not. Based on results, this study suggest that medical school should develop the curriculum that improve students decision-making ability and critical capacity, especially for lower grades, so that stdents can give reasonable advice for patients` needs.
Reinterpretation of Heumheum Sinseo as Investigation and Forensic Manual
Kim, Eun-Kee ; Jo, Hyun-Bin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 583~590
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.583
There are so many study on Heumheum Sinseo as a lawbook. But the study on Heumheum Sinseo as investigation and forensic manual is uncommon. So this study was performed to find the value of Heumheum Sinseo as investigation and forensic manual. In Heumheum Sinseo, we could find the basic ideology of a sense of justice on humanitarianism and rationalism, and democratic thoughts on criminal law such as the presumption of innocence, speedy investigation clause and Limiting the admissibility of the confession. And so many scientific method on crime investigation are described in Heumheum Sinseo. We expect that this study serve as moment for us to be able to find it have `practical` value to us.
Impact on Income Inequality of Income Sources in the Elderly
Lee, Yong-Jae ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 591~600
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.591
This paper, in the situation of deepening poverty and worsening income inequality, aims to find the impact on income inequality of main income sources such as public income, market income and family income in the elderly and propose polices for weakening the income inequality in the elderly. Main results are as follows. First, Gini coefficients of each income sources in the elderly are total income`s 0.4801, public income`s 0.4071, market income`s 0.6736 and family income`s 0.1855. Income inequality in the elderly population is serious in the total income, public income and market income areas. Second, after excepting for public income in total income, Gini coefficient is 0.4864. after excepting for market income in total income, Gini coefficient is 0.3609. And after excepting for family income in total income, Gini coefficient is 0.5784. When market and public income are excepted from total income, Gini coefficient alleviate. Therefore, market income and public income are the major causes of income inequality in the elderly. But, family income alleviate the income inequality in the elderly. In order to alleviating the income inequality of the elderly, we must try to increasing the market income. For example, government must to supply job opportunities for the elderly of low-income.
A Study on Visual Communication Design for Effective Trial Presentation
Baek, Se-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 601~611
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.601
As oral trial principle and civil participation in criminal trials spread, the environment of Korean courtroom is in need of a systematic introduction of trial presentation which can supplement with the oral trial presentation`s weakness. Therefore this study analyzes the definition, types, and effectiveness of trial presentation, considering characters of the Korean court`s environment. As for following research step, the most widely used trial presentation softwares in the USA and Korea are analyzed and compared in consideration of the particularity of the trial presentation. Based on this analysis, this study suggested elements to be included in the presentation software optimized for Korean court`s environment as follows: 1. Ease of the insertion of various forms and media, 2. Appropriate limitation of the spectrum for graphic style, 3. Ease of use of graphics tools, 4. System functions. Such a suggestion was proposed not only to enhance the clarity, accuracy, effectiveness in developing insistence and delivery of content, but also promote aesthetic quality and consistency of presentation`s visual communication aspect.
Relationship between Problem Solving Ability, Critical Thinking Disposition, Creativity, Self Efficacy and Nursing Process Competence of Nursing Students
Yang, Sun-Hee ; Sim, In-Ok ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 612~622
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.612
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between problem solving ability, critical thinking disposition, creativity and nursing process competence of nursing students. The participants in the study were 246 nursing students enrolled in 2nd year of a BSN program in S city, Korea. Data were collected from June 10 to June 20, 2015 using a structured questionnaire. Relationship between general characteristics and solving ability, critical thinking disposition, creativity and nursing process competence was analyzed by t-test, ANOVA and Kruskal-wallis. Correlation among problem solving ability, critical thinking disposition, creativity and nursing process competence was analyzed by pearson correlation coefficient. There was a statistically significant difference in problem solving with the reason for application, major satisfaction. There was a significant positive correlation between problem solving ability, critical thinking disposition, creativity and self efficacy. Nursing process competence was`t a significant between problem solving ability, critical thinking disposition, creativity and self efficacy. These findings show that there is a need to develop strategies to improve self efficacy and nursing process competence for student nurses.
Effects of Online Social Relationship on Depression among Older Adults in South Korea
Yoon, Hyunsook ; Lee, Othelia ; Beum, Kyoungah ; Gim, Yeongja ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 623~637
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.623
This study examined the importance of social capital in facilitating older adults` learning and adaptation of information technology as well as alleviating depressive symptoms. At two senior community centers in South Korea, 144 adults aged 60 and older were recruited to participate in 12 week-long technology classes to learn computers, smart phone, and internet skills. At the baseline interviews were conducted to assess their health status, depression, and online social relationships. Online and offline social capital (bonding vs. bridging) was assessed (Williams, 2006). Four-step Hierarchical Linear Regression analysis was conducted to examine the effects of online social relationship on depression. Findings suggested that depressive symptoms were associated with being widowed, being unemployed, and perceiving poor health status. Adding social capital variables in the final step, older adults who perceived less stressors, greater level of subjective health and high online bonding capitals had less depressive symptoms. Only online social bonding was significant in alleviating depression. This final model explained 48% of the variance. Computer/Internet training for older adults need to consider the significant role bonding social capital can play. The findings of this pilot study provided a preliminary base of knowledge about acceptable community-based interventions for older adults.
Exploratory Analysis of High School Students` Expectation on the Benefits of Higher Education in China
Jiang, Jiali ; Rah, Minjoo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 638~650
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.638
The purpose of this study was to do an exploratory analysis on the expectation of Chinese high-school students on the benefits of higher education. Higher education benefits were categorized into monetary-investment benefit, non monetary-investment benefit and consumptive benefit. The differences in expectation according to independent student factors and family background were analyzed. The survey data on every high school`s 300 students and 300 their parents total 1200 in 2 high schools in YanTai was put into the analysis. The differences among groups and items were analyzed using Cross tabulation, ANOVA, etc with SPSS. The major findings are as follows. First, Chinese high-school students` overall expectation on higher education benefits was high. Second, Expectation on higher education benefits differed according to independent student factors, such as gender, academic year, grade, etc. Third, expectation on higher education benefits differed according to factors of family background. Fourth, level of expectation on higher education benefits between parents and students differed. In the future, the government should consider such various expectations and differences when dealing with higher education policies and university operation.
An Analysis on the Educational Needs of the Career Education according to the Career Recognition of the Undergraduates
Kim, Hyun-Soon ; Kim, Ji-Hyo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 651~659
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.651
The purposes of this study is to investigate the influence of career recognition upon career development competencies and educational needs. To achieve this, the survey was carried out and 362 undergraduates participated. The findings of the survey were shown as follows: First, the students perceived that career management was needed the most, and then came career information searches. Next, career transition technologies, positive self-concept formation, career planning, and effective interpersonal relationships were in order. Second, the influence of career recognition upon the level of the preparations showed statistically significant differences, however, the influence of career recognition upon the level of the requirement did not reveal statistically significant differences. Third, the rating of the educational needs was identical from the first place to the third, but different from the fourth to the sixth. These results will contribute to enhancing the efficiency of career education.
The Extraction of Metal Contaminants using Supercritical CO
Ju, Minsu ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ; Kang, Se-Sik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 660~667
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.660
Conventional decontamination methods utilize water-based systems, which generate high amounts of secondary wastes. Herein, we describe an environmentally benign decontamination method using liquid and supercritical
. The use of
as a solvent affords effective waste reduction by its ability to be recycled, thereby leaving be hind only the contaminants upon its evaporation. In this study, a
solution process was assessed using t-salen(t-butylsalen), DC18C6 (dicyclohexano-18Crown6), 8-HQN(8-hydroxyquinoline), NEt4PFOSA(perfluoro-1-octanesulfonic acid tetra-ethyl ammonium salt), and NEt4PFOA(pentadecafluorooctanoic acid ammonium salt) to extract spiked radioactive contaminants(Nb,Zr,Co,Sr) from an inert sample matrix, namely filter paper. With the static extraction method, Sr was extracted with a maximum extraction rate of 97%, and Nb was extracted with a maximum extraction rate of 75%. Additionally, we were also able to extract Co and Zr with maximum extract ion ratesof 73% and 64%, respectively.
Development of A Parent Education Program to Improve Anger Control Ability of Parents of Elementary School Children
Lee, Jae-Taek ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 668~685
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.668
When the parents are unable to control anger properly, it can have a negative effect on their children. Therefore, parents need anger control ability very much. The purpose of this study is to develop a parent education program to improve anger control ability of parents of elementary school children so that it could help them to perform their parental role. The development of the program followed the procedure of analysis, design, development, execution, and assesment. In the analysis stage, previous studies were examined to explore in depth the ways to improve anger control ability. In the design stage, the goals were confirmed and learning objective for each session was defined, and according to this, the contents of education were selected. In the development stage, 8 sessions of education activities were formulated with 2 hours for each session and experts were consulted to examine the validity of the contents. In the execution stage, the operating method was proposed and the program was applied with a total of 8 sessions, 1 session for a week. In the final assessment stage, the effect of the program was assessed. Assessment of the program was carried out by both quantitative and qualitative methods. The quantitative method was verified by pre-and-post comparison, and analyzed by Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test. For the qualitative method, questionnaire and interview were used. After the program was implemented, the pre-and-post comparison was carried out. The result shows there was significant improvement in both anger control ability of parents and parenting efficacy. Also, participants reported the program was very helpful for increasing parenting skills in many aspects. Lastly, the researcher of this study proposed the direction for further development of the program.
The Reciprocal Effects of a Previous Brand Extension and Follower Brand Extension`s Market Performance on a Parent Brand of a Follower Brand`s Extension Product
Huh, Jong-Ho ; Park, Hye-Kyung ; Shin, Bong-Sub ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 686~697
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.686
The present research investigates the reciprocal effects of a previous brand extension and follower brand extension`s market performance on a parent brand of a follower brand`s extension product using 2(previous brand extension`s market performance: success vs. failure)
2(follower brand extension`s market performance: success vs. failure) between-subjects factorial design. The verification of the hypothesis is composed through 2-way ANOVA. As a result, the consumers` evaluation of the parent brand of a follower brand`s extension product when the follower brand`s extension succeed was more positive when the previous brand`s extension has failed. However, when the follower brand`s extension has failed, the consumers` evaluation of the parent brand of a follower brand`s extension product was more negative when the previous brand`s extension has succeeded.
The School Experiences of Middle-school Students in the Free Learning Semester
Yeo, Ji-Young ; Chae, Sun-Mi ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 698~709
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.698
Free Learning Semester, the new education policy of middle schools in Korea, will be completely implemented in 2016. The purpose of this study was to explore the school experiences of middle-school students in the Free Learning Semester through qualitative approach. In-depth interview was conducted with 8 middle-school students from the purposive sampling. As a result of the analysis, 10 essential themes were identified. Themes were as follows: `Struggling from the performance evaluation with biting the bullet`, `Great pressure on final examination that is only once a year`, `Inconvenience of career education experience`, `Higher level of friendship`, `Double face of discrimination and respect`, `Chance to adaptation between elementary and middle-school`, `Regret about fleeting time without thought`, `Ambivalence of freedom and suppression`, `Warm place with peer`, `Being pushed rehearsal wearing other`s cloth`. In conclusion, the nature of lived experience of middle-school students in the Free Learning Semester is based on ambivalence of various aspects, but is predominant in `higher level of friendship`. It suggested that the Free Learning Semester can be a positive alternative to existing education system that made students to compete each other. It is expected to be able to discuss the future policy direction using the result of this study which explored the nature of lived experience related to the Free Learning Semester.
Study of the Relationship between Impulsive Internet Shopping Tendency and Personality
Yang, Moonhee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 710~719
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.710
Impulsive buying has been considered as one of the major negative shopping behavior. Indeed, it happened more easily in the Internet shopping area. This study attempted to examine the influence of personality on the compulsive buying tendency of college students who are actively shopping clothing and apparels through Internet. The results of the current study showed that there are four types of compulsive buying tendency such as `diversion`, `no-plan`, `buyer/ product-stimuli` and `promotion-stimuli.` It seemed that personality such as sensation seeking, need-for cognition, self-esteem, and face-consciousness had influence on the impulsive buying tendency. More specifically, people with low self-esteem and high face-consciousness tend to have more impulsive buying tendency. The relationship between each of the impulsive buying tendency and personality had been discussed.
A Case Study of The Participant Network of Community Media in Seoul: Mapo FM Community Media
Jang, Si-Yeon ; Chae, Young-Gil ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 720~731
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.720
This study aims to understand characteristics and roles of community media in Seoul to discuss the meanings of the media. Community media is constructed based upon the networks of relations of community participants, whose characteristic relations of participants within the network determines the roles and meanings of the media for the community. Research have shown that community media`s unique open, participatory, and horizontal communicative structures enable to realize such objects. For this study, we chose Mapo FM to conduct case study based upon network analysis of `participant network` of the media. In particular, we tried to measure the density and centrality of the network, which can explain the relational characteristics of the networks of the media. In addition, we also conducted in-depth interviews of participants to better understand the problems and meanings of the community media. The findings suggest that unlike the conceptual and theoretical assumptions, the community media under the study lacks of open, participatory, and horizontal ways of participation in the media.
Analysis of Ordinance in a Local Government for the Improvement of the Preferential Purchasing System of Products Manufactured by Disabled
Park, Ju-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 732~745
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.732
This study aims to analyze ordinance in a local government for the improvement of the preferential purchasing system of products manufactured by disabled. So, This study analyze 44 ordinance of a local government. The results of this study were as follows. First, 44 local governments enacted the ordinance(rate was 18.1%). Second, Most of the local governments suggest purpose of ordinance, agency of application, establishment of support plan, request of purchase cooperation, duty of purchase promotion. But there are not suggest other items in many ordinance. In particular, Duty of local government president is specified only 30(rate was 68.1%). Third, The municipal ordinance conflicting with the upper laws and regulation. Forth, The Council for the promotion of the preferntial purchasing system of products made by disabled upgrade to an advisory organization including professor, expert, disabled. Fifth, The sales routes of products need to be extended from the public agency to private companies for Preferential purchasing in affirmative action. In order that the Preferential purchasing system will not be a nominal law, the government should show active willingness about monitoring of local government.
Effects of STEAM(Science-Technology-Engineering-Art-Mathematics) Activities on Young Children`s Scientific Process Skill Ability and Problem Solving Ability
Lee, Suki ; Yun, Eungyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 746~759
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.746
The purpose of this study was examine the effects of STEAM(Science-Technology-Engineering-Art-mathematics) activities on young children`s scientific process skill ability and problem solving ability. Subjects were 34 five-year-old young children from S and H child care centers located in G city. Subjects were divided into an experimental(n
Impact of a Sense of Social Exclusion on Will to Escape Poverty in Needy Single Mothers: with Priority Given to the Mediating Effects of Social Support
Lee, Hwa-Myung ; Jeong, Weon-Cheol ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 760~771
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.760
The purpose of this study was to examine whether social support produced any mediating effects when needy single mothers` sense of social exclusion affected their own will to escape poverty. The subjects in this study were 376 poor single mothers who resided in the cities of Busan, Gimhae and Yangsan and who were in their 20s to 60s. The findings of the study were as follows: First, the single mothers who lived in poverty were given less social support when they felt more excluded in the dimensions of health, relationships, production, consumption, political participation and housing. Second, the needy single mothers had a more will to escape poverty when more social support was provided and less will to escape poverty when they felt more excluded in the dimensions of health, relationships, production, consumption, political participation and housing. Third, social support produced mediating effects when social exclusion affected the will to escape poverty. The findings of the study suggest that in order to relieve needy single mothers` sense of social exclusion and bolster their will to escape poverty, formal social support from the nation and local community and informal social support from neighbors, friends and relatives should both be strengthened.
Analyses of Contents of Adult Competency in PIAAC
Song, Kyoung-oh ; Kwon, Bo-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 772~782
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.772
To meet the needs of societies that have been suggesting that practical competency is the key factor in the economies and societies of the 21st century, OECD developed the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). The purpose of this study is to critically review the contents of adult competency in PIAAC upon the premise that the validity of the contents of adult competency must be assessed before setting up any national strategies to develop adult competency. First, this study points out that the contents of adult competency in PIAAC seem insufficient to objectively measure cognitive and practical competency of adults. Second, the contents of adult competency in PIAAC assess only observable and measurable individual knowledge and functions, despite the fact that adult competency must be viewed as collective competency where various aspects of proficiencies are closely interconnected. Third, the contents of adult competency in PIAAC do not take the nature of humans into consideration: it assesses human beings based only on observable human behaviors. In conclusion, this study maintains that we need to discuss the adult competency that matches well with the societal and industrial needs of Korea and to critically review the validity of any measures assessing adult competency.
A Longitudinal Study on the Influential Factors for the Labor Market Entry of Disabled Women
Park, Mi-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 16, issue 5, 2016, Pages 783~801
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2016.16.05.783
The purpose of this research is to grasp the influencing factors on the labor market entry of disabled women, and to suggest policy alternatives to support the labor market entry of them. This article utilized the survey data of the 3rd to the 7th Panel Survey of Employment for the Disabled in 2010-2014(by PSED), which is a longitudinal survey for the disabled in Korea. I analyzed the pattern changes of the labor market entry of them with the passage of years, and the influencing factors on that by the event history analysis. The major findings are as follows: First, according to the life table analysis involved in change of the labor market entry, 90% of them continued to remain the longest period of unemployment for four years and the labor market entry rate was only 10% of them. Second, the result of Cox regression analysis shows that public benefit recipient or not, the degree of disability and discrimination experience at the job market were factors to affect the labor market entry. With these results, this study suggested the practical alternatives to improve the labor market entry of disabled women.