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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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The Korea Contents Association
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 12 - Dec 2009
Volume 9, Issue 11 - Nov 2009
Volume 9, Issue 10 - Oct 2009
Volume 9, Issue 9 - Sep 2009
Volume 9, Issue 8 - Aug 2009
Volume 9, Issue 7 - Jul 2009
Volume 9, Issue 6 - Jun 2009
Volume 9, Issue 5 - May 2009
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Apr 2009
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Mar 2009
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Feb 2009
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
Efficient Processing Technique for Unavailable Data in Hardware Implementation of Motion Estimator with Parallel Processing Architecture
Park, Jong-Hwa ; Kang, Hyun-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.001
In this paper, we propose the efficient processing technique for unavailable data in hardware implementation of motion estimator in H.264/AVC with parallel processing architecture. Motion estimation processing in the hardware is generally based on pipe-lining, some MV data of neighbor blocks are not available, whereas all MV data are valid in software processing where the data are sequentially processed. In this paper, we solve the problem of data being unavailable in MVp computation. To minimize the quality degradation caused by unavailable MVs, in the proposed method, the unavailable MV of a neighboring block is replaced with an integer pel unit MV, an MVp of neighboring blocks, or an MVcol (MV of co-located block). Comparing to the conventional method , our method outperformed maximally 0.832dB and 0.179dB for QCIF and CIF, respectively, in terms of BDPSNR.
Improvement of IEEE 802.15.4b LR-WAPN Frequency Offset with Multiple Differential Filter
Cheng, Cha-Keon ; Kang, Sung-Min ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 10~17
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.010
This paper analyze the effect of frequency offset for the IEEE 802.15.4b LR-WPAN(Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Network) with 915MHz bandwidth noncoherent DSSS O-QPSK based receiver system, and presents a compensation method with addition of differential filter to the system for compensation of frequency offset problem. DSSS PSSS-ASK and DSSS O-QPSK modulation techniques are accepted within the regularization of IEEE 802.15.4b. These new method can obtain 250kbps transmission rate. The DSSS O-QPSK modulation method that is used in this paper has no BER variation below 40ppm(frequency offset 36.6kHz), but if the offset frequency become high above 40ppm, then the system cannot have stable receiving condition due to worse BER. To solve this problem, we present a more stabilized receiver system at maximum frequency offset
using MDDF unti a correlator of DSSS O-QPSK modulator. Moreover computer simulation results will be presented to evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm unde various AWGN and frequency offset environment.
Korean Part-of-Speech Tagging using Disambiguation Rules for Ambiguous Word and Statistical Information
Ahn, Kwang-Mo ; Han, Kyou-Youl ; Seo, Young-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 18~26
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.018
A hybrid part-of-speech tagging approaches may be robust, easily extendable, and accurate because they can have the advantages of both statistical approach and rule-based approach. But conventional hybrid part-of-speech tagging systems hardly resolve some morphological ambiguities which can`t be resolved by statistical information. It is because the coverage of rules is narrow. So, we define disambiguation rules for individual ambiguous word based on syntax and semantics of surround words. We select words from which the top 50% of ambiguities are occurred in Sejong corpus and build 1,814 rules for them. The accuracy of our hybrid part-of-speech tagging system using those rules is 98.28%.
Implementation of H.264/SVC Decoder System based on C-Model Simulator
Cheong, Cha-Keon ; Gil, Dae-Nam ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 27~35
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.027
In this paper, we present result of embedded system based H.264/SVC decoder circuit design and system implementation. To deal with the standardized H.264/SVC functionalities, the presented SVC decoder system is consist of hardware engine design and software with ARM core processor. In order to improve the feasibility and applicability, and reduce the decoder complexity, the implemented system is constructed with only the consideration of IPPP structure scalability without using the full B-picture architecture. Finally, we will show the decoding image result using the designed H.264/SVC decoder system
Remote User Authentication Scheme using Smart Cards
Choi, Jong-Seok ; Shin, Seung-Soo ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 36~42
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.036
In 2005, Chien and Chen proposed a remote user authentication scheme for preserving user anonymity to conquer some problems Das et. al. schemes have. In 2007, Hu et. al. pointed out that their scheme have some problems. Therefore, they proposed a new one and claimed that their scheme overcome all of these problems. However, We will show that Hu et. al. scheme still hold some problems; it cannot resist to denial of service attack and protect the user anonymity. Hence, we propose ours and demonstrate our scheme conquer these problems.
Improved Similarity Detection Algorithm of the Video Scene
Yu, Ju-Won ; Kim, Jong-Weon ; Choi, Jong-Uk ; Bae, Kyoung-Yul ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 43~50
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.043
We proposed similarity detection method of the video frame data that extracts the feature data of own video frame and creates the 1-D signal in this paper. We get the similar frame boundary and make the representative frames within the frame boundary to extract the similarity extraction between video. Representative frames make blurring frames and extract the feature data using DOG values. Finally, we convert the feature data into the 1-D signal and compare the contents similarity. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm get over 0.9 similarity value against noise addition, rotation change, size change, frame delete, frame cutting.
Object Store Method for Interactive Multimedia Broadcasting
Han, Dae-Young ; Hwang, Bu-Hyun ; Kim, Dae-In ; Kim, Jae-In ; Na, Choul-Su ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 51~59
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.051
Interactive multimedia broadcasting can serve various additional information of object in multimedia because of the commercialized data broadcasting by communication and broadcasting convergence. One of the most important factors in interactive multimedia broadcasting is User-Centric Interoperability. The higher User-Centric Interoperability, the more information of user-interest objects are served quickly by user request. This proposed method finds own area of the object in mask video and divides the area into equal parts. And then it store as a form of bitsum after clustering the area. As a result of experiment, We confirm the method is efficient to use space for storing position information of the object.
Implementation of ETI Adapter for Multimedia Service based on T-DMB
Lee, Hyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 60~66
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.060
In this paper, implementation of an ensemble transport interface (ETI) adapter for multimedia services based on terrestrial-digital multimedia broadcasting (T-DMB) is introduced. In general, ETI adapter should manipulate three functions: receiving packets packing multimedia data from service providers, configuring an ETI frame (G.703) from these data, and transmitting these frames to T-DMB multiplexer. To achieve these roles, the proposed ETI adapter consists of the network management module for data transmission and flow control between service providers and this adapter, the ETI configuration module for gathering data and then making ETI frames, and the hardware board for pushing ETI frames in real-time. The proposed adapter yielded faithful results without data lose on transmitting ETI frames to T-DMB multiplexer in the range of
specified in ETSI EN 300 401 after packing multimedia data received via Internet.
Improvement of MAP Load Balancing in Hierarchical Mobile IPv6
Song, Bok-Sob ; Kim, Jeong-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 67~75
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.067
The growing need for the mobility supportable networks induces the IP-based mobility management protocols. Though HMIPv6 which manages the micro-mobility of mobile nodes using MAPs suggests an effective method for mobility-support for mobile nodes within the domain that is managed by MAP. There is a problem that traffic may be concentrated on MAPs. In this paper, therefore, we proposed a method that can effectively distribute the traffic which is concentrated on a MAP under phased Mobile IPv6. In our proposed method, two or more MAPs are required and classified as an `Active MAP` or a `Passive MAP`. In addition, we defined the state of transition events between Active MAP and Passive MAP and the operations among MAPs for load distribution when an overload condition is occurred at some MAPs by traffic congestion. We compared the performance of our proposed method with its phased Mobile IPv6 to prove the propriety of our proposed method. As a result, we showed that our proposed method can provide an enhanced performance by about 12 percentages in view of packet throughput at the node.
Design and Performance Analysis of Framework for Guaranteeing QoS of Robot Components
Lim, Jae-Seok ; Cho, Moon-Haeng ; Jeong, Jae-Yeop ; Lee, Cheol-Hoon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 76~87
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.076
The growth of CPU and communication technologies have made an important contribution to the development of the network-based intelligent service robots. Robot software must guarantee the correct execution and safety of the user. To achieve this, it is highly required to research how to guarantee the QoS of the components which organize a robot software. The QoS of robot components aims to execute the component stably by processing the data stream in a correct way. By guaranteeing QoS, we can achieve the intelligence and stability of robots. In this paper, we design and implement the QoS framework to guarantee the QoS of robot components on robot platforms with limited resources. We also measure the response times of QoS requests and present the performance analysis results about it.
Design of U-Health System based on Embedded Event Filtering
Kim, Jae-In ; Na, Chul-Su ; Han, Dae-Young ; Kim, Dae-In ; Hwang, Bu-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 88~96
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.088
In this paper we suggest the EEF technique to improve the performance of U-Health System. The idea of the EEF technique is that a sensor node sends only the abnormal data of patients to the base node. This technique reduces the amount of data transfer between a base node and sensor nodes, and so the power consumption of sensor nodes will be saved. And also the processing cost of base node will be reduced. In the suggested U-Health System based on EEF technique, electrocardiogram sensors and GPS sensors are used to send the electrocardiogram and position information of patients to a server. The server analyzes the health state of patients from base nodes and sends the information about the patients in the emergent state to the nearest hospital. Through the simulation, we have confirmed the suitability of EEF technique for U-Health System.
Improvement of Learning Capability with Combination of the Generalized Cascade Correlation and Generalized Recurrent Cascade Correlation Algorithms
Lee, Sang-Wha ; Song, Hae-Sang ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 97~105
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.097
This paper presents a combination of the generalized Cascade Correlation and generalized Recurrent Cascade Correlation learning algorithms. The new network will be able to grow with vertical or horizontal direction and with recurrent or without recurrent units for the quick solution of the pattern classification problem. The proposed algorithm was tested learning capability with the sigmoidal activation function and hyperbolic tangent activation function on the contact lens and balance scale standard benchmark problems. And results are compared with those obtained with Cascade Correlation and Recurrent Cascade Correlation algorithms. By the learning the new network was composed with the minimal number of the created hidden units and shows quick learning speed. Consequently it will be able to improve a learning capability.
Development of Adverse Drug Event Surveillance System using BI Technology
Lee, Young-Ho ; Kang, Un-Gu ; Park, Rae-Woong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 106~114
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.106
In this study, we are analysing adverse drug events and proposing a technical structure of "adverse drug event surveillance system" using business intelligence technology, hoping that we can use the system commonly and actively. It is the recent trend to adopt both of electronic review and manual review process to surveil adverse drug events and this study construct CDW applying ETL in BI Technology. As the result of analysis, the data pool included 701 doctors who prescribed and 3059 patients(1528 male, 1531 female), of total 318,222 cases, 2,086cases(0.6%) were suspected as having adverse drug events. And the single type of T.bilirubin> 3mg/dL(ADE type-LabR0005) was the most common(548 among 2085 cases) within the framework of signals.
Illumination-Robust Face Recognition based on Illumination-Separated Eigenfaces
Seol, Tae-In ; Chung, Sun-Tae ; Cho, Seong-Won ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 115~124
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.115
The popular eigenfaces-based face recognition among proposed face recognition methods utilizes the eigenfaces obtained from applying PCA to a training face image set. Thus, it may not achieve a reliable performance under illumination environments different from that of training face images. In this paper, we propose an illumination-separate eigenfaces-based face recognition method, which excludes the effects of illumination as much as possible. The proposed method utilizes the illumination-separate eigenfaces which is obtained by orthogonal decomposition of the eigenface space of face model image set with respect to the constructed face illumination subspace. Through experiments, it is shown that the proposed face recognition method based on the illumination-separate eigenfaces performs more robustly under various illumination environments than the conventional eigenfaces-based face recognition method.
Forecasting the Diffusion of Technology using Patent Information: Focused on Information Security Technology for Network-Centric Warfare
Kim, Do-Hoe ; Park, Sang-Sung ; Shin, Young-Geun ; Jang, Dong-Sik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 125~132
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.125
The paradigm of economy has been transformed into knowledge based economic paradigm in 21th century. Analysis of patent trend is one of the strategic methods for increasing their patent competitive power. However, this method is just presenting statistical data about patent trend or qualitative analysis about some core technology. In this paper, we forecast technology diffusion using patent information for more progressive analysis. We make an experiment with bass model and logistic model and make use of patent data about information-security technology for NCW as input data. We conclude that the logistic model is more efficient for forecasting and this technology is approaching to the age of technology maturity.
Design of Open Framework Module for ASP Development System
Kwon, Young-Oh ; Kim, Tae-Gan ; Lee, Se-Hoon ; Rim, Kee-Wook ; Lee, Jung-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 133~141
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.133
This paper propose an expanded ASP exclusive development framework method. We applied a module to the suggested method which suit to develope ASP. Proposed method is a kind of module, which manages MVC develope methodology and treats Query and ASP information as a XML. It has flexibility which meets the client`s request quickly. Using inherited base model which previously exist in template source, developer only concerned with development methodology so that they can reduce development time and reinforce a integrity of system. We proposed these improvements as a framework. Experimental results validate our scheme, showing a fewer number of files and a better flexibility than other development method, and also about 29% of program code has been reduced.
Document Clustering with Relational Graph Of Common Phrase and Suffix Tree Document Model
Cho, Yoon-Ho ; Lee, Sang-Keun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 142~151
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.142
Previous document clustering method, NSTC measures similarities between two document pairs using TF-IDF during web document clustering. In this paper, we propose new similarity measure using common phrase-based relational graph, not TF-IDF. This method suggests that weighting common phrases by relational graph presenting relationship among common phrases in document collection. And experimental results indicate that proposed method is more effective in clustering document collection than NSTC.
Implement of The Authoring Tool for WIPI Business Program using UIDL(User Interface Description Language)
Lee, Dong-Su ; Park, Ki-Chang ; Kim, Byung-Ki ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 152~162
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.152
At present, Authoring tools, which are used to develop the WIPI applications are less convenient to be coded. Usually, the programming tools only focus on the grammar while scarcity of visualization. Developer forced directly codes all times during the development by this cause. As a procedure for rapid WIPI Application Development, in this paper, WIPI API High Level Component is first visualized, in order words, graphic control is developed. Second this control is used in designing the mobile layout. Then UI Markup Language and source code can be generated automatically. With this view, we propose the JIML(Jlet Interface Markup Language) with UI Markup Language based XML of WIPI Jlet Platform and also present the transformable rule for generation to the WIPI code about WIPI Jlet UI from offered JIML. Also we implement the WIPI Jlet Generation System to make the generation to JIML, WIPI code. The Implemented System provides efficiency when developing WIPI Business Application, and helps to enable rapid development.
Cultural Contents of Image Texts and Memory Industry as the Memory - Focused on the Counter Memory of the Sixth Generation Chinese Movies -
Kim, Gye-Hwan ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 163~172
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.163
As cultural contents are rising to the surface, the contents and interests regarding the industries that utilize the culture become higher than any other times. Culture is performed with memory, and the culture that excludes memory cannot exist. The memory exceeds a dimension of the individual and operates with an assembled and social memory. Furthermore the culture requires media to put memories inevitable. Therefore, recent image texts are coming to the attention as new storage media. So this essay analyzed the meaning of `memory` as social-cultural memory by putting the sixth generation Chinese movies to the center and restoration of image text that puts memory in it. And also, I examined the cultural meanings of `individual memories` as the `counter memory` and tried to find the possibility of junction between memory industry and the contents. I focused on the sixth generation Chinese movies because these movies made remarkable progresses in the international film festivals though they were made in `underground` by objecting to `official memory` proposed by the Chinese government.
Expression of Grotesque Body in Chris Cunningham` Work
Kim, Ho ; Kim, Jae-Woong ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 173~180
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.173
In the recent past, the impression expressed by a human body expanded from that of aesthetic beauty to deformed organic medium influenced by environment. And the advancement in digital technology had made it possible to represent the deformed and distorted images of human body more realistically. Consequentially, these exaggerated physical images leave audiences with a feeling of grotesqueness. Chris Cunningham is a British director who mainly focuses on grotesque body as his subject matter using digital media. This paper will explore Chris Cunningham`s work and his final goal through analyzing his carnivorous, uncanny grotesque body images, making use of the figital media, at each of his different levels.
Prints as Avant-garde Language of Mass Culture
Yim, Young-Kil ; Kim, Sook-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 181~192
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.181
Prints in the contemporary art has the radical aspects at not only to maintain the characteristic of printmaking in a field of visual image but also to fulfill and communicate a desire of the public. We can see this from the change of the printmaking forms among the alternation of diverse expression methods and media such as from the line-cut at the Renaissance to colored print process, photography, the beginning of 20th century cartoons, advertisement, art, and graphic poster. From that, we can understand the printmaking as a fluid media, not fixed, has finely accomplished its functions as an act of visual language to smoothly communicate with the individual desire and character than word or language at the complex and various cultural surface. This study is focused on that prints as an avant-garde language in popular culture. Therefore, I have examined the following two aspects. First, with focussing at the specific characters of the graphic posters, I try to define the differences between language and visual language and the effect from it to our emotional perception and behavior with the politic and economic point of view. Second, how has the printmaking art as an fine arts finely accomplished an linguistic action. These are the purpose of this study.
Faction Contents` Practical Study for Korea Film Production`s Variety
Han, Dal-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 193~202
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.193
This dissertation is considerably studied Faction Genre which is embossed as a new image content, and it is figured out practical used works` possibilities for Korea film production`s varieties. Faction, a neologism, which is combined by Fiction and Fact, is a boundary as limits. If authentic history is closed to a truth, it is a record history description method. Also, if unauthorized history is closed to a fake, it is a fictitious history description method. In addition, macro history and micro history are respectively connected to social criticism`s matter and personal action, and these can make various analyses, depend on a boundary`s limits and personal analysis. On the other hand, history film could be remembered to audience merely history film itself without existed history`s fact. However, there are Faction Genre`s Genre possibility and film`s attraction which indirectness experience of historic fact could be experienced through film. For Faction Genre’s developing solution, there are three cognitive switches; audience`s interpretation ability about history film through watching perception, linking between the past and the present for audience through communication with history, audience`s considerable decision about history first or fiction first as film writer`s interpretation. Above all, hopefully filmic pressure can be shown with historical true to audience. Therefore, it would be Korea Faction Genre`s attraction and hope.
Developing a Web 2.0 based Job Competency Modeling Method
Hwang, Eun-Dong ; Jung, Yun-Min ; Kim, Soo-Yeon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 203~215
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.203
Many companies in Korea have developed job competency models and are utilizing them for the purpose of training and management of employees. However many of them are unable to be utilized efficiently through their own job competency model because the company failed to reflect what happens in the real work place in the model or the model itself is not concrete enough to be applied practically. Thus, in this study, the current status of Korean companies which had developed their own job competency model were investigated and the subsequent development of training system which is based on the model were developed. By result of the survey, about 43.5% of the company, which has more than 400 employees, have developed job competency models and 31.7% of them haven‘t been able to develop training system based upon the model due to the lack of concreteness of their model. To overcome this contradiction, we developed web 2.0 based job competency modeling method where each individuals in the organization themselves develop job competency as opposed to an expert oriented developing method. The result of this study is that web 2.0 based job competency modeling method is superior to any another modeling in an accuracy of competency, an acceptance of competency, and an usefulness of competency description.
Understanding Personal and Cultural Factors on the Level of UCC Participation: Centered on Korea and U.S.A
Lee, Hyun-Ju ; Kim, Yoo-Jung ; Kang, So-Ra ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 216~232
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.216
The purpose of this paper is to examine the ethical implications in UCC participation. This paper aimed at examining the advent of UCC as a critical media tool in interactive two-way communication and the effect of ethical questions on the level of UCC participation. The findings show that uncertainty avoidance gives an positive and significant effect on privacy concern and regulatory preference, but it is not related to copyright invasion in Korea and U.S.A. It is shown that privacy concern does not influence on UCC retrieval in Korea whereas it is positively related to UCC retrieval in the United States. Also, privacy concern has not relationship with UCC production(modification, recreation, generation) in both nations. In the case of regulatory preference, it posits an significant and positive effect on UCC retrieval in Korea while it is not related to UCC retrieval in the United States. Also, regulatory preference does not affect on UCC production in Korea whereas it influences on UCC generation without impacting UCC modification and recreation in U.S.A. Finally, the results show that copyright invasion has stronger relationship with UCC recreation and generation than UCC modification, and it is positively related to UCC retrieval in both nations.
Effect of Proprioceptive Exercise on Walking Velocity, Activities of Daily Living and Depression in Elderly Women
Kim, Nan-Soo ; Bae, Young-Sook ; Um, Ki-Mai ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 233~241
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.233
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of proprioceptive exercise on walking velocity, activities of daily living(ADL) and depression in elderly women. This study was nonequivalent control group pre-post test design. Subjects were divided into two group(exercise group
Performing CSR-Labor Standard Index and Corporate`s Expectation Level to Raise the Employee`s Job Satisfaction and Morale
Kwon, Soon-Won ; Kim, So-Young ; Lee, Ho-Sun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 242~251
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.242
In this study, we analysed the impact of performing level of CSR-Labor standard index to corporate`s expectation level to raise the employee`s job satisfaction and morale. Using ordered probit analysis method, corporate higher level of performing CSR-Labor standard index is related with higher expectation of raising the employee`s jobs satisfaction and morale on average. Also performing levels of individual index are positively related with expectation level. When using all standard indexes in the analysis, index 3 named "workplace without discrimination" and index 7 named "healthy and safe workplace" have significant coefficients. Therefore we confirmed that corporate making efforts to achieve safe workplace without discrimination has higher expectation to raise the employee`s job satisfaction and morale. Finally we concluded that CSR-Labor standard index is properly constructed.
Effect of Physical Fitness Improvement Program on Work Intensity of Adults With Down Syndrome
Kim, Eun-Joo ; Lee, Ki-Eop ; Park, Eun-Young ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 252~260
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.252
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of physical fitness improvement program on work intensity of persons with Down syndrome. For this, 8 adults with Down syndrome participated in program and were evaluated. The physical fitness improvement program consisted of grasp, lifting, carrying exercise for 12 weeks, 1 day a week for 2 hours per session. Compared with pre-program conditions, participants in program improved significantly in right grasp power, lifting ability but there was not significant improvement in carrying ability. In view of work intensity, work intensity level of two subjects was changed from average to hard in lifting. One subject was changed from very light to average and two subjects was changed from light to average in carrying. This results suggested that physical fitness improvement program was helpful for promotion the intensity of adults with Down syndrome.
Effects of Functional Attributes of IPTV Service on the Purchase Intention
Kim, Soo-Hyun ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 261~269
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.261
In this paper we consider Internet Protocol Tele-Vision (IPTV) Service that started recently in Korea. IPTV makes it possible to watch high quality TV programs and a lot of multimedia contents with TV by way of Internet. The service providers are interested in the factors that influence the diffusion of new service such as IPTV. We therefore search the functional-attribute that would influence the acceptance of IPTV service, and propose a model for analyzing the relationship between the attributes and the intention of buying. The model is based on the extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). Survey results show that the significant functional attributes influencing the intention of buying are contents variety and convenience.
An Empirical Study on Mobile Web Browsing Service Adoption
Ryoo, Sung-Yul ; Kim, Moon-Oh ; Kim, Hyo-Jin ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 270~278
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.270
Mobile web browsing services that bring the full PC browsing experience to customer`s mobile handset have been emerged. This study is to investigate the intention to use mobile web browsing based on Technology Acceptance Model(TAM) which has been widely used to explain and predict the IT acceptance and incorporated with self-efficacy which was identified as an important determinant of user`s new technology adoption in recent literature on technology acceptance. Specifically, from a theoretical perspective, this study not only clarifies mobile self-efficacy, but also develops an instrument to measure the concept of mobile self-efficacy. The results indicate that both computer self-efficacy and mobile self-efficacy directly influence perceived ease of use, and that perceived ease of use enhance perceived usefulness. And the findings indicate that perceived ease of use and usefulness have direct effects on attitude and then it is positively associated with intention to use mobile web browsing. Therefore, the findings imply that mobile self-efficacy can be employed as an important variable in examining user`s intention for various mobile services to come in future.
Effects of Job Satisfaction according to the Understanding of Organization Culture between Outsourcing Workers and Regular Workers
Jang, Hyo-Kang ; Ryu, Hwang-Gun ; Bae, Sung-Kwon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 279~288
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.279
The purposes of this study were to understand the differences of general characteristics, to compare understanding level of the organization cultures, and to develop more good management methods between outsourcing workers and regular workers in hospitals. Major results of this study were as follows: First, regular workers had higher level than outsourcing workers in major understanding on job satisfaction and organization cultures(pride of their jobs, recognition level of job performance ability, satisfaction on ordering method. etc.). Second, the results showed that the level of job performances related with effective management of the factors in job satisfaction and involvement. Third, through multiple regression analysis to understand factors on job satisfaction and involvement, we understood that regular workers were effected by vision performance of hospital and their value view-point, and outsourcing workers were influenced by recognition levels and education levels of hospital vision, Therefore, to maximize level of job satisfaction and involvement. we have interest in development of education program for outsourcing workers, and selection of adequate persons in hospital culture.
Gap of Understanding on Citizen Participatory Budgeting
Kim, Gyum-Hun ; Lee, Eun-Ku ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 289~300
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.289
In contrary to the expectation of which it has a role to increase the transparency of and the responsibility of self-governing, the participatory budgeting even though aggravates perfunctoriness of participation and local conflicts in Korea. The problems are caused not from the institutional vices of participatory budgeting but from others which each part of people, participating in the budgeting process, have a misunderstanding on the participatory budgeting. Under the consideration that the misunderstandings of citizen and local officials are one of main reasons of a derailing of the participatory budgeting, the study aims to examine empirically the gap between the citizen`s understanding on the participatory budgeting and the official`s, focused on Daeduck-ku, Daejeon.
Scheme to Realize the Manifesto of the Educational Superintendent`s Election
Jang, Seong-Ho ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 301~308
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.301
This paper studied the scheme to realize the manifesto as the method of resolving the side effects after the introduction of the superintendent`s election system, a direct election by local residents, in order to implement participative democracy in the educational field. When the superintendent`s election system playing an important role in protecting the identity of a state is intruded by the political logic, ideology or factional interest, it leads to the educational crisis such as the damaged independence of the policy and the like. The local educational autonomous system is the institutional arrangement to secure the independence and neutrality of education based on morality and guarantee the democratization and decentralization of educational administration. The scheme to resolve the corrupt aspect of the election of the superintendent is to lead election to the policy-based election. This paper presents the scheme to realize the manifesto movement of the superintendent`s electoral campaign to resolve this side effect. All political agents and candidates should be allowed to make free access to diverse information to draw up the manifesto and raise the reliability of the manifesto itself, be guaranteed neutrality, speciality, objectiveness, fairness and the like. In particular, it can be seen that the core task is whether citizens can be involved in the manifesto movement through a shift in their thinking about educational autonomy.
Effects of Memory and Learning Training on Neurotropic Factor in the Hippocampus after Brain Injury in Rats
Heo, Myoung ; Bang, Yoo-Soon ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 309~317
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.309
This study was to investigate the effects of restoring cognition function and neurotrophic factor in the hippocampus according to memory and learning training in rats affected by brain injury. Brain injury was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats(36 rats) through middle cerebral artery occlusion(MCAo). And then experiment groups were randomly divided into three groups; Group I: Brain injury induction(n
Organization Culture and Organization Effectiveness of Tax Officials
Hong, Soon-Bok ; Park, Jun-Cheul ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 318~325
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.318
This study empirically analyzed that the higher the organization culture and organization effectiveness of a tax administration organization, the higher the organization commitment and organization identification. It is significant in that there hasn`t been a study that analyzed empirically using tax officials as the study subjects up until now. The results from the analysis showed that organization culture and organization effectiveness affect organization commitment and organization identification significantly. Specifically, the results showed that the higher the organization culture of the tax administration organization, the higher the emotional attachment to the organization by the tax officials; and the higher the organization effectiveness, the higher the organization commitment and organization identification. From the results, it could be confirmed that the organization culture and organization effectiveness have positive effects on increasing taxpayers` satisfaction levels with the service. Therefore, it could be known that the organization culture of the tax administration organization affects directly the organization effectiveness, and that it is an important factor that improves the organization commitment and organization identification of the employees.
Methodology for Developing a Ubiquitous Business Model: Incorporating Co-Creation Experiences
Kim, Kyung-Kyu ; Park, Sung-Kook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 326~338
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.326
In this paper, we argue that characteristics of ubiquitous business are different from those of e-business or m-business. We have developed a u-business model development framework incorporating the concept of value co-creation experiences, which is a core of the ubiquitous business paradigm. The framework of u-business model development presented in this paper consists of eight steps such as defining of domain, discovery of opportunity nucleus, defining of potential co-creation experience environment, deriving candidates of u-business services, selecting u-business killer services, defining value propositions of u-business killer services, defining u-business killer service offerings, and drawing a resource map of u-business killer services. The proposed u-business model development framework offers useful guidelines for practitioners to develop successful u-business models under a ubiquitous business paradigm.
Sensitivity Test on the Food Poisoning Bacteria of the Garlic Extract
Yoon, In-Sook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 339~349
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.339
Garlic (Allium sativum, L.) has a long history of reputed value and actual use for its medicinal, antimicrobial, and pesticidal properties. This study was conducted to find possible developments to natural food preservatives from garlic extracts. Garlic extracts were prepared from fresh crushed garlic and diluted with sterilize distilled water. The sensitivity test was conducted to investigate the antimicrobial effect of garlic extract against six strains of food poisoning bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichea coli, Salmonella typhimurium, Vibrio parahemolyticus, Bacillus subtilis, and Listeria monocytogenes. The results of sensitivity test were then compared with those of Vancomycin and Imipenem which were used as treatment for G. (+) bacteria and G. (-) bacteria, respectively. All of the 6 tested strains exhibited strong or moderate activity. V. parahemolyticus exhibited susceptible only in undiluted solution, but not in diluted garlic extracts.
Investigating the Effect of Open Skies Policies
Park, Jin-Woo ; Kim, Mi-Kyoung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 350~358
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.350
As open skies polices have permeated all over the world, Korea`s basic direction of aviation policy is promoting the benefit of the public and the national carriers` competitive power by establishing open skies agreements between the countries. The open skies` directions should be promoted by considering the relationships of various attributes such as governments, airlines, and passengers. To decide the right directions of open skies, we should investigate the economic effects of open skies policies. This research develops a simulation model to analyze the dynamic characteristics of open skies. By using the developed model, this research analyzes the economic effects of open skies. The results showed that open skies have direct impacts on not only frequencies, airfare, consumer welfare but also air transport industry and regional economy. Therefore, it is necessary to take suitable aviation policy that can increase the effects of open skies.
Investigating the Effect of Tourist`s Distance Perception on Vacational and Choice
Lee, Yk-Su ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 359~364
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.359
This study is which sees analyzes the distance perception of the tourist affects in tourist resort selection conduct and this leads and there is the goal provides a fundamental data to the marketing strategic establishment an area tourist resort activation. According to the research result residence of choice there was a difference to psychological distance perception, according to sex and occupation appeared with the fact that is difference to tourist resort selection conduct. The psychological distance perception while tourist resort selection acting was analyzed with the fact that affects in travel ability. The research which sees psychological distance perception affects with the scholastic questionable matter which analyzes the thing a practical questionable matter respects an area tourist resort marketing strategic establishment together in tourist resort selection conduct and provided new fundamental information.
Factors of Tourism Destination Brand Equity and Verification for the Hierarchy of Effect
Lim, Myoung-Jae ; Kim, Seok-Chool ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 365~372
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.365
Brand equity of a tourist destination play a significant role in selecting a tourist destination because it is highly associated with its competitiveness. Nevertheless, a few research related to brand equity of a tourist destination has been conducted. Therefore, this study particularly focuses on the conceptualization work and deriving elements of brand equity of a tourist destination. One of the major research findings is that brand equity of a tourist destination comprises four elements including brand name awareness, perceived quality, brand associations and brand loyalty. In particular, brand loyalty turns out to be affected by other elements of brand equity, which verifies the hierarchy of effect among the elements of brand equity.
Effect of Visitors` Satisfaction on Internal Satisfaction of Festival Operation Staff - Focused on Cheongju Jikji Festival -
Lee, Yk-Su ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 373~380
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.373
This study is to analyze the Impact of visitor`s satisfaction on the operating staff`s internal satisfaction of festival. This study purposed to provide the basic data for the marketing and strategic planning for improve of visitor`s satisfaction. According to the result of this study, we analyzed that the operating staff`s internal satisfaction of festival will affect the visitor`s satisfaction including the understanding of local culture, venue`s comfort, satisfaction of resting place, convenience of information facilities.
Effect on Supervisor`s Leadership in the Hotel Organization on Employee`s Cohesiveness and Trust
Park, Jae-Youn ; Kim, Jang-Eik ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 381~390
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.381
The study is intended to investigates any effective hotel employee`s leadership on cohesiveness and trust. The results were as follows; First, hotel employee`s leadership has correlation in trust and cohesiveness according to statistics. It should be interested in the leadership to display their potential ability and an initiative spirit in the organization. Second, trust has positive influence on the cohesiveness. The cohesiveness will has positive influence every organization so hotel employees should be interested in the result. Therefore, hotel employee should grasps a training system and recognition to apply their organization. According to the effective analysis, this study provides basic data about human resource management of the hotel but there is the limit in the study and it needs to study later. Because the subject is the hotel, it couldn`t compare with other company so there is the limit to make generalization. Methodology in hypothesis only relies on the survey, using of a overseas scale and cross-section data should be studied to make generalization by a vertical study. Hereafter hotel employee`s leadership is effected what factor is and the study should be achieved about specifical process and method to get the reliability to employees.
Effects of Visitors` Motivation for Attending Festivals on Their Participation Flow and Satisfaction
Ahn, Dae-Hee ; Lee, Nak-Kyi ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 391~399
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.391
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of visitors` motivation for attending festivals on their participation flow and satisfaction. Empirical researches have been done in order to accomplish the purpose. The results are as follows: First, the more a festival provides its visitors with escape from daily life and its uniqueness, the more their participation flow increases. Second, the attractiveness of the events of a festival and the promotion of intimacy among family members and visitors also lead to the increase of participation flow. Third, intrinsic motivation has more influence over the participation satisfaction of a festival than extrinsic one. Fourth, the degree of participation satisfaction is in direct proportion to that of participation flow. Such results could provide useful strategic findings for persons in charge of planning and arranging festivals.
Ecological Viewpoint of Evolution in Physical Education
Kim, Chae-Woon ; Yi, Joo-Wook ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 400~409
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.400
This study purports to review and discuss the evolution of Physical Education in terms of ecological viewpoint. To achieve this purpose, this study try to look for the meanings through the 2007 revised physical education curriculum. The reason that I look for the meanings from the curriculum is because the curriculum includes objectives, values and philosophical backgrounds in Physical Education. Through this study, I found the following results. Governmental active supports to reinforce roles of in-service teachers should be emphasized. Second, teacher should focus on Game strategies for Physical Education. Third, mental function for activities in Physical Education should be considered as an intelligence as one of H. Gardner`s multiple intelligences rather than they are just accepted as the level of functions or a motor nerves. Fourth, Physical Education for 11 and 12 grades should be accepted as a requirement to maintain Physical Education. classes in high school as a normalization process.
Influence of Exhibition Service Attributes on Customer`s Satisfaction and Behavior Intention
Kim, Hwa-Kyung ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 410~422
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.410
The objectives of the study were to investigate the influence of exhibition service attributes on customers` satisfaction and behavior intention. A method of this study was a survey research. The samples selected were 430 exhibition visitors to KINTEX for 2007 Seoul Motor Show. According to the results of this study, first of all, there is a significant relationship between information service and customer`s satisfaction. Second, there is a significant relationship between convenience service and customer`s satisfaction. Third, there is a significant relationship between promotion service and visitor`s satisfaction to exhibition. Forth, there is a significant relationship between Customer`s satisfaction and revisit intention. Fifth, there is a significant relationship between visitor`s satisfaction to exhibition and recommendation intention. The result of this study will be helpful for the exhibition industries, giving needs to establish the marketing strategies.
Effect of Attitude on Image of the Tourist Resort of the Tourist Discretion
Lee, Yk-Su ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 423~431
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.423
This study which sees analyzes the tourist resort image affects in tourist attitude and this leads and there is the goal the fundamental data of tourist resort marketing strategic establishment provides. According to research result demographics quality the tourist resort image there was a difference to recognition, the tourist resort image was analyzed with the fact that affects in tourist attitude. The research which sees the tourist resort image affects with the scholastic questionable matter which analyzes the thing provided fundamental information a together the tourist resort marketing people in charge for new marketing strategic establishment to tourist attitude a practical questionable matter has.
Application of MAP and MLP Classifier on Raman Spectral Data for Classification of Liver Disease
Park, Aa-Ron ; Baek, Seong-Joon ; Yang, Bing-Xin ; Na, Seung-You ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 432~438
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.432
In this paper, we evaluated the performance of the automatic classifier applied for the discrimination of acute alcoholic liver injury and chronic liver fibrosis. The classifier uses the discriminant peaks of the preprocessed Raman spectrum as a feature set. In preprocessing step, we subtract baseline and apply Savitzky-Golay smoothing filter which is known to be useful at preserving peaks. After identifying discriminant peaks from the spectra, we carried out the classification experiments using MAP and neural networks. According to the experimental results, the classifier shows the promising results to diagnosis alcoholic liver injury and chronic liver fibrosis. Classification results over 80% means that the peaks used as a feature set is useful for diagnosing liver disease.
Analysis of the Decision Making of Landlord in Cubical Substitute Lot
Lee, Won-Young ; Choi, Chang-Gyu ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 439~445
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.439
This study has tries to define the structure of cubical substitute lot development and develope the logical tool for GIS(Geographic Information System). The research has found such important variables as the gap of land price, FARIfloor area ratio), LBR(land burden ratio) and etc. Among those variables, current land price and increasing rate of the price could not be controled by the developer and governments. LBR and FAR, however, could be negotiated and regulated by those shareholders. The result could define the control variables in cubical substitute lot which should be included in the future system for the development tool. The outcome could give the objective ground for local governments, landlords, and engineering companies which involve the cubical subsititute lot.
Debate Competence and Strategy
Jang, Young-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 446~452
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.446
This study on strategy and its function in debate offer the materials of education concrete and practical to be able to improve the expression ability and comprehension ability of the students, and can give lots of help to improve the ability of application that can answer quickly in trouble circumstances. The type of strategy in the course of set up the theory are (1) the form of concept definition, (2) the form of solution offer, (3) inductive form and deductive form, (4) the form of example offer. The type of strategy in the course of contradict are (1) the form of soliloquy, (2) the form of claim comparison, (3) the form of partial recognition. The type of strategy in the course of cross examination are (1) the form of question in return and contradict, (2) the form of partial consent contradict. We believe this study will improve the communication ability and negotiation ability and also make a great contribution to improve the leadership of 21-century type if this study will be used in the field of education.
Design and Implementation of Self-Directed Courseware to Study Web Programming
Chung, Yoo-Jin ; Park, Eun-Hee ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 453~461
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.453
Design and Development of a Interactive Distance Learning System based on Individualized Questioning
Kim, Yong-Beom ;
The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, volume 9, issue 2, 2009, Pages 462~470
DOI : 10.5392/JKCA.2009.9.2.462
As the learning space has expanded, the distance education has become a recent scholarship in teaching-learning method, and also a great type of media, technologies and strategies to support distance education are attracting a fair amount of attention. However in order to manage a distance education system, it is necessary to be endowed user with technical ability and operational expenses. On the other hand, although a web-based system that makes simple may cut cost, it is difficult to analyze learner`s behaviors. Therefore, in this paper, we developed a interactive distance system based on individualized questioning, which relies upon learner`s knowledge state and applies a efficient individualized learning method. Additionally, this study is instrument to reduce users` technical ability and operational expenses.