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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Society of CAD/CAM Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 3 - Dec 1996
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Aug 1996
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
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A Development of Feature-based Wire Harness Drawing System
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 1, issue 3, 1996, Pages 177~188
An approach to providing computational support with an expert shell is discussed with the scope of an industrial wire harness design, especially at a manufacturing stage. Key issues include the development of an architecture that supports a frequent design change among engineers associated with different parts of the wiring design process and the development of hierarchical representations that capture the different characteristics (e.g., connectivity, configuration) of the harnesses. The abstraction of design information results in features, while the abstraction of drawing elements leads to the definition of objects. These abstractions are essential for efficient transactions among people and computer tools in a domain that involves numerous interacting constraints. In this paper the strategy for the problem decomposition, the definition of features, and the ways in which features are shared by various operations and design changes, are discussed. We conclude with a discussion of some of the issues raised by the project and the steps underway to address them.
Techniques of Automatic Finite Element Mesh Generation on Surface Primitives
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 1, issue 3, 1996, Pages 189~202
Complex geometric shapes can be defined simply and efficiently by combining and operating various surface primitives. These primitives and their intersection curves are used in finite element mesh generation to form an easy and intuitive procedure for finite element modelling of curved surfaces. This paper proposes techniques of automatic mesh generation on surface primitives with arbitrarily shaped boundaries and control curves, which may be created by surface to surface intersection. A method of automatic mesh generation on plane, which was previously developed by the author, has been modified for application to the surface mesh generation. Owing to the mesh generation-wise differences between planes and surfaces, the surfaces should be transformed into conceptual plane so that the modified plane mesh generation method can be applied. Surface development, mapping and mesh reconstruction are the key techniques suggested in this paper. The selection of the technique to apply can be determined automatically on the basis of the developability, existence of singularity and other characteristics of the surfaces on which the mesh is to be generated. The suggested techniques were implemented into parts of mesh generation functions of the finite element software, MacTran. Their validity and practicality were manifested by the actual use of this software.
An Information Sharing System for Product Design Data Using WWW and STEP
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 1, issue 3, 1996, Pages 203~214
An information sharing system, namely World Design View, is developed for browsing product design data on the World Wide Web environment. For the last few years information sharing has been rapidly emerging as an important research issue in the areas of concurrent engineering, product data management, virtual manufacturing, and so on. Since we are mainly concerned with product development, the key information that needs be communicated and shared is product data. The developed system puts the major advantages of STEP, OODB, and VRML together. The STEP standard provides a consistent data exchange format and application interfaces among different CAD/CAM systems. OODB is efficient and effective in dealing with complex data structures often found in engineering applications. Virtual worlds for 3-D product models can be created by VRML which is networked via the global Internet and hyperlinked with WWW. The World Design View system can support for members of virtual design teams, possibly distributed all over the world, to share 3-D shape information quickly and easily.
Representation of Geometric Tolerances and its Application to Assemblability Checking
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 1, issue 3, 1996, Pages 215~223
Every mechanical part is fabricated with the variations in its size and shape, and the allowable range of the variation is specified by the tolerance in the design stage. Geometric tolerances specify the size or the thickness of each shape entity itself or its relative position and orientation with respect to datums while considering their order of precedence. It would be desirable if the assemblability of parts could be verified in the computer when the tolerances on the parts are store together with the geometric model of the parts of an assembly and their assembled state. Therefore, a new method is proposed to represent geometric tolerances and to determine the assemblability. This method determines the assemblability by subdividing the ranges of relative motion between parts until there exists the subdivided regions that do not cause the interference.
Automatic Generation of Triangular Ginite Element Meshes on Three-Dimensional Surfaces
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 1, issue 3, 1996, Pages 224~233
An automatic mesh generation scheme with triangular finite elements on three-dimensional surfaces has been developed. The surface triangulation process is performed as follows. To begin, surfaces with key nodes are transformed to two-dimensional planes and the meshes with triangular elements are constructed in these planes. Finally, the constructed meshes are transformed back to the original 3D surfaces. For the mesh generation, an irregular mesh generation scheme is employed in which local mesh densities are assigned by the user along the boundaries of the analysis domain. For this purpose a looping algorithm combined with an advancing front technique using basic operators has been developed, in which the loops are recursively subdivided into subloops with the use of the best split lines and then the basic operators generate elements. Using the split lines, the original boundaries are split recursively until each loop contains a certain number of key nodes, and then using the basic operators such as type-1 and type-2, one or two triangular elements are generated at each operation. After the triangulation process has been completed for each meshing domain, the resulting meshes are finally improved by smoothing process. Sample meshes are presented to demonstrate the versatility of the algorithm.
Optimization of Truss Structure by Genetic Algorithms
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 1, issue 3, 1996, Pages 234~241
Recently, Genetic Algorithms(GAs), which consist of genetic operators named selection crossover and mutation, are widely adapted into a search procedure for structural optimization. Contrast to traditional optimal design techniques which use design sensitivity analysis results, GAs are very simple in their algorithms and there is no need of continuity of functions(or functionals) any more in GAs. So, they can be easily applicable to wide territory of design optimization problems. Also, virtue to multi-point search procedure, they have higher probability of convergence to global optimum compared with traditional techniques which take one-point search method. The introduction of basic theory on GAs, and the application examples in combination optimization of ten-member truss structure are presented in this paper.
A Parametric Approach to Feature-based Modeling
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 1, issue 3, 1996, Pages 242~256
Although feature-based design is a promising approach to fully integrating CAD/CAM, current feature-based design approaches seldom provide methodologies to easily define and design features. This paper proposes a new approach to integrating parametric design with feature-based design to overcome those limitations by globally decomposing a design into a set of features and locally defining and positioning each feature by geometric constraints. Each feature is defined as a parametric shape which consists of a feature section, attributes, and a set of constraints. The generalized sketching and sweeping techniques are used to simplify the process of designing features. The proposed approach is knowledge-based and its computational efficiency in geometric reasoning is improved greatly. Parametrically designed features not only have the advantage of allowing users to efficiently perform design changes, but also provide designers with a natural design environment in which they can do their work more naturally and creatively.