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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Society of CAD/CAM Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 11, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
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A Hybrid Monitor (Rib, Boss) Design System with a Function Based Design and a Knowledge Based Design
Lee S.H. ; Chun H.J. ; Jeon S.M. ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2006, Pages 77~87
It is necessary to change the existing design process to cope with a short life-cycle product and various customer's demands. Also a frequent design change may delay the whole design process and it will increase the unit cost of the production. New alternatives or techniques have emerged to solve the existing design problems, such as a knowledge based engineering, an intelligent CAD, a function based design, and so on. In this paper, we propose a hybrid design system with a knowledge based design methodology and a function based design technique. The knowledge based design is good at a frequent design change and the function based design is effective to extract a core design behavior. In an early design process, the system utilizes a core design behavior through the function based design process. On the other hand, the system manages complicated design issues with the knowledge based design technique in the detailed design process. We conclude that the hybrid design system can bring fair effects on implementing an efficient design environment in aspect of time and expense.
Ontology-based Knowledge Framework for Product Development
Suh H.W. ; Lee J.H. ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2006, Pages 88~96
This paper introduces an approach to ontology-based framework for knowledge management in a product development domain. The participants in a product life cycle want to share the product knowledge without any heterogeneity. However, previous knowledge management systems do not have any conceptual specifications of their knowledge. We suggest the three levels of knowledge framework. First level is an axiom, which specifies the semantics of concepts and relations. Second level is a product development knowledge map. It defines the common domain knowledge which domain experts agree with. Third level is a specialized knowledge for domain, which includes three knowledge types; expert knowledge, engineering function and data-analysis-based knowledge. We propose an ontology-based knowledge framework based on the three levels of knowledge. The framework has a uniform representation; first order logic to increase integrity of the framework. We implement the framework using prolog and test example queries to show the effectiveness of the framework.
Two Algorithms for Constructing the Voronoi Diagram for 3D Spheres and Applications to Protein Structure Analysis
Kim D. ; Choi Y. ; Kim D.S. ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2006, Pages 97~106
Voronoi diagrams have been known for numerous important applications in science and engineering including CAD/CAM. Especially, the Voronoi diagram for 3D spheres has been known as very useful tool to analyze spatial structural properties of molecules or materials modeled by a set of spherical atoms. In this paper, we present two algorithms, the edge-tracing algorithm and the region-expansion algorithm, for constructing the Voronoi diagram of 3D spheres and applications to protein structure analysis. The basic scheme of the edge-tracing algorithm is to follow Voronoi edges until the construction is completed in O(mn) time in the worst-case, where m and n are the numbers of edges and spheres, respectively. On the other hand, the region-expansion algorithm constructs the desired Voronoi diagram by expanding Voronoi regions for one sphere after another via a series of topology operations, starting from the ordinary Voronoi diagram for the centers of spheres. It turns out that the region-expansion algorithm also has the worst-case time complexity of O(mn). The Voronoi diagram for 3D spheres can play key roles in various analyses of protein structures such as the pocket recognition, molecular surface construction, and protein-protein interaction interface construction.
A New Indirct Quadrilateral Mesh Generation Scheme from Background Triangular Mesh
Kwon K.Y. ; Park J.M. ; Lee B.C. ; Chae S.W. ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2006, Pages 107~114
A new quadrilateral mesh generation technique from an existing triangle mesh is proposed in this paper. The proposed method is based on advancing front method and zero-thickness layer. Beginning with an initial triangular mesh, boundary triangular elements are removed and quadrilateral elements with zero thickness are generated. A quality of quadrilateral elements is improved during a mesh smoothing process. Until all initial triangular elements are removed, this procedure is repeated. Sample meshes are constructed to demonstrate the mesh generation capability of proposed algorithm.
A Study on the Generation of the Production Material Information of a Building Block and the Simulation of the Block Erection
Lee K.Y. ; Roh M.I. ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2006, Pages 115~127
At the initial design stage, the generation process of the production material information of a building block and the simulation process of the block erection, which are required to perform the production planning and scheduling, have been manually performed by using 2D drawings, data of parent ships, and design experiences. To make these processes automatic, the accurate generation method of the production material information and the convenient simulation method of the block erection using the 3D CAD model, which was generated from the initial hull structural design system early developed by us, were proposed in this study. For this, a 3D CAD model for a whole hull structure was generated first, and the block division method for dividing the 3D CAD model into several building blocks was proposed. The generation method of the production material information for calculating the weight, center of gravity, painting area, joint length, etc. of a building block was proposed as well. Moreover, the simulation method of the block erection was proposed. Finally, to evaluate the efficiency of the proposed methods for the generation of the production material information and the simulation of the block erection, these methods were applied to corresponding processes of a deadweight 300,000 ton VLCC (Very Large Crude oil Carrier). As a result, it was shown that the production material information of a building block can be accurately generated and the block erection can be conveniently simulated in the initial design stage.
A Study on the Structural Analysis & Design Optimization Using Automation System Integrated with CAD/CAE
Yoon J.M. ; Won J.H. ; Kim J.S. ; Choi J.H ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2006, Pages 128~137
In this paper, a CAD/CAE integrated optimal design system is developed, in which design and analysis process is automated using CAD/CAE softwares for a complex model in which the modeling by parametric feature is not easy to apply. Unigraphics is used for CAD modeling, in which the process is automated by using UG/Knowledge Fusion for modeling itself and UG/Open API function for the other functions respectively. Structural analyses are also carried out automatically by ANSYS using the imported parasolid model. The developed system is applied for the PLS(Plasma Lighting System) consisting of more than 20 components, which is a next generation illumination system that is used to illuminate stadium or outdoor advertizing panel. The analyses include responses by static, wind and impact loads. As a result of analyses, tilt assembly, which is a link between upper and lower body, is found to be the most critical component bearing higher stresses. Experiment is conducted using MTS to validate the analysis result. Optimization is carried out using the software Visual DOC for the tilt assembly to minimize material volume while maintaining allowable stress level. As a result of optimization, the maximum stress is reduced by 57% from the existing design, though the material volume has increased by 21%.
Tetrahedral Mesh Generation by Using the Advancing-Front Method and the Optimal Surface Triangular Mesh Generation Technique
Lee M.C. ; Joun M.S. ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2006, Pages 138~147
A systematic approach to tetrahedral element or mesh generation, based on an advancing-front method and an optimal triangular mesh generation technique on the surface, is presented in this paper. The possible internal nodes are obtained by the octree-decomposition scheme. The initial tetrahedral mesh system is constructed by the advancing-front method and then it is improved by the quality improvement processes including mesh swapping and nodal smoothing. The approach is evaluated by investigating the normalized length, the normalized volume, the dihedral angle and the normalized quality
Efficiency Estimation of Process Plan Using Tolerance Chart
Kim I.H. ; Dong Zuomin ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 11, issue 2, 2006, Pages 148~155
This paper presents a new method for assessing the efficiency of production process plans using tolerance chart to lower production cost. The tolerance chart is used to predict the accuracy of a part that is to be produced following the process plan, and to carry out the quantitative measurement on the efficiency of the process plan. By comparing the values of design tolerances and their corresponding resultant tolerances calculated using the tolerance chart, the process plan that is incapable of satisfying the design requirements and the faulty production operations can be identified. Similarly, the process plan that imposes unnecessarily high accuracy and wasteful production operations can also be identified. For the latter, a quantitative measure on the efficiency of the process plan is introduced. The higher the unnecessary cost of the production, the poor is the efficiency of the process plan. A coefficient is introduced for measuring the process plan efficiency. The coefficient also incorporates two weighting factors to reflect the difficulty of manufacturing operations and number of dimensional tolerances involved. To facilitate the identification of the machining operations and the machined surfaces, which are related to the unnecessarily tight resultant tolerances caused by the process plan, a rooted tree representation of the tolerance chart is introduced, and its use is demonstrated. An example is presented to illustrate the new method. This research introduces a new quantitative process plan evaluation method that may lead to the optimization of process plans.