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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Society of CAD/CAM Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
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3D Face Alignment and Normalization Based on Feature Detection Using Active Shape Models : Quantitative Analysis on Aligning Process
Shin, Dong-Won ; Park, Sang-Jun ; Ko, Jae-Pil ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 13, issue 6, 2008, Pages 403~411
The alignment of facial images is crucial for 2D face recognition. This is the same to facial meshes for 3D face recognition. Most of the 3D face recognition methods refer to 3D alignment but do not describe their approaches in details. In this paper, we focus on describing an automatic 3D alignment in viewpoint of quantitative analysis. This paper presents a framework of 3D face alignment and normalization based on feature points obtained by Active Shape Models (ASMs). The positions of eyes and mouth can give possibility of aligning the 3D face exactly in three-dimension space. The rotational transform on each axis is defined with respect to the reference position. In aligning process, the rotational transform converts an input 3D faces with large pose variations to the reference frontal view. The part of face is flopped from the aligned face using the sphere region centered at the nose tip of 3D face. The cropped face is shifted and brought into the frame with specified size for normalizing. Subsequently, the interpolation is carried to the face for sampling at equal interval and filling holes. The color interpolation is also carried at the same interval. The outputs are normalized 2D and 3D face which can be used for face recognition. Finally, we carry two sets of experiments to measure aligning errors and evaluate the performance of suggested process.
Development of an Integrated System for Cooperative Design - Application for Very Large Floating Structures
Park, Seong-Whan ; Lee, Jai-Kyung ; Cho, Gui-Mok ; Han, Soon-Hung ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 13, issue 6, 2008, Pages 412~420
In order to design the large complex structures like VLFS (Very Large Floating Structures), it is essential the cooperation between the experts in various fields; structural engineering expert, fluid mechanics expert, mooring system engineer, and so on. This paper describes the development of an integrated system to support the cooperative design between various experts and project manager. This integrated system is designed to be operated in Web environment and it contains the support of design DB and 3D graphical tool, negotiation tool for task allocation, and various engineering supporting tools for each design step. The user group of this system can be classified as Project Manager, Engineering Expert, DB Builder, and System Administrator. All of the engineering data is saved after and during the process of the design projects and all participants can be connected by Internet without the limit of time or space constraints.
Processing Optimization of PCL/TCP Composites Produced by Selective Laser Sintering
Chung, Ha-Seung ; Jee, Hae-Seong ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 13, issue 6, 2008, Pages 421~428
This article investigates the fabrication of polycaprolactone (PCL) composites filled with different volume fractions (10-30%) of tricalcium phosphate (TCP) by selective laser sintering (SLS) for tissue engineering scaffolds. Optimal processing parameters for each composition were developed by design of experiments (DOE). Specimens for compressive testing for each composition were fabricated and tested. The results showed that the compressive modulus increases as a function of TCP volume fraction. The experimentally measured compressive moduli were compared with moduli predicted by Halpin's theoretical model and were found to be in excellent agreement. This result proved that experimentally determined processing parameters for each composition were well optimized.
Development and Test of the Remote Operator Visual Support System Based on Virtual Environment
Song, T.G. ; Park, B.S. ; Choi, K.H. ; Lee, S.H. ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 13, issue 6, 2008, Pages 429~439
With a remote operated manipulator system, the situation at a remote site can be rendered through remote visualized image to the operator. Then the operator can quickly realize situations and control the slave manipulator by operating a master input device based on the information of the virtual image. In this study, the remote operator visual support system (ROVSS) was developed for viewing support of a remote operator to perform the remote task effectively. A visual support model based on virtual environment was also inserted and used to fulfill the need of this study. The framework for the system was created by Windows API based on PC and the library of 3D graphic simulation tool such as ENVISION. To realize this system, an operation test environment for a limited operating site was constructed by using experimental robot operation. A 3D virtual environment was designed to provide accurate information about the rotation of robot manipulator, the location and distance of operation tool through the real time synchronization. In order to show the efficiency of the visual support, we conducted the experiments by four methods such as the direct view, the camera view, the virtual view and camera view plus virtual view. The experimental results show that the method of camera view plus virtual view has about 30% more efficiency than the method of camera view.
Remodeling of Hull Form and Calculation of Design Parameters using Cubic Composite Spline
Son, Hye-Jong ; Kim, Hyun-Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 13, issue 6, 2008, Pages 440~449
This paper deals with a method calculating various hull form parameters which are required in numerical analysis for ship performance such as motion, maneuverability, resistance and propulsion, etc. After the hull form is designed, before the model tests the ship's performances are evaluated by various analysis tools in which the hull form parameters are used with many kinds of forms aside from offset data. Here, The hull form parameters characterize the properties of hull form and contain positional, differential and integral information implicitly. Generally, the commercial CAD-system has not functions enough for supporting these form parameters and therefore each shipyard uses its own in-house analysis program as well as commercial analysis software. To overcome these limitations, modules for supporting these analysis programs have developed. The modules contain cubic composite spline cure using local curve fairing, intersect algorithm, Gaussian integral, and other geometric techniques needed in calculating hull form parameters. Using our analysis-supporting modules, a complex hull form can be remodeled exactly to the hull form designed by CAD-system and any hull form parameter required in various performance analyses can be calculated.
Octree Generation and Clipping Algorithm using Section Curves for Three Dimensional Cartesian Grid Generation
Kim, Dong-Hun ; Shin, Ha-Yong ; Park, Se-Youn ; Yi, Il-Lang ; Kwon, Jang-Hyuk ; Kwon, Oh-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 13, issue 6, 2008, Pages 450~458
Recently, Cartesian grid approach has been popular to generate grid meshes for complex geometries in CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) because it is based on the non-body-fitted technique. This paper presents a method of an octree generation and boundary cell clipping using section curves for fast octree generation and elimination of redundant intersections between boundary cells and triangles from 3D triangular mesh. The proposed octree generation method uses 2D Scan-Converting line algorithm, and the clipping is done by parameterization of vertices from section curves. Experimental results provide octree generation time as well as Cut-cell clipping time of several models. The result shows that the proposed octree generation is fast and has linear relationship between grid generation time and the number of cut-cells.
Connection of PDM System and Web-Based CAE Supporting System for Small and Medium Enterprises
Bang, Je-Sung ; Lee, Jai-Kyung ; Han, Seung-Ho ; Park, Seong-Whan ; Lee, Tae-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 13, issue 6, 2008, Pages 459~468
A web-based Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) supporting system is connected with a Product Data Management (PDM) system for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) suffering from the lack of building hardware, software and related experts. An analysis of current business models and worksite requirements provides an improved process model and data to be shared between the PDM system and the CAE supporting system. Since all engineering tasks such as geometric modeling, mesh generation, static stress and modal analysis, and fatigue durability analysis are automated in the CAE supporting system, the user in charge of the CAE have only to configure the concerned values of design variables and result data through the web page. The existing Change Management module of the PDM system is modified for seamless data exchange, i.e. sending the Engineering Change Order (ECO) data to the CAE supporting system and receiving the CAE result data bark. The hi-directional data transfers between the PDM system and the CAE supporting system is made possible by adaptors bused on the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP). The current approach will be very helpful for SMEs that only have the PDM system and have no adequate infrastructure for CAE.
B-spline Volume BRDF Representation and Application in Physically-based Rendering
Lee, Joo-Haeng ; Park, Hyung-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 13, issue 6, 2008, Pages 469~477
Physically-based rendering is an image synthesis technique based on simulation of physical interactions between light and surface materials. Since generated images are highly photorealistic, physically-based rendering has become an indispensable tool in advanced design visualization for manufacturing and architecture as well as in film VFX and animations. Especially, BRDF (bidirectional reflectance distribution function) is critical in realistic visualization of materials since it models how an incoming light is reflected on the surface in terms of intensity and outgoing angles. In this paper, we introduce techniques to represent BRDF as B-spline volumes and to utilize them in physically-based rendering. We show that B-spline volume BRDF (BVB) representation is suitable for measured BRDFs due to its compact size without quality loss in rendering. Moreover, various CAGD techniques can be applied to B-spline volume BRDFs for further controls such as refinement and blending.