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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
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Journal DOI :
Society of CAD/CAM Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
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Similarity Assessment for Geometric Query on Mechanical Parts
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 103~112
CAD databases are the core element to the management of product information. A key to the successful use of the databases is a rational method of query to and retrieval from the databases. Although it is parts geometry that users eager to retrieve from the CAD databases, no system yet supports geometry-based query. This paper aims at developing a new method of assessing geometric similarity which can serve as the basis of geometric query for CAD database. The proposed method uses ASVP (Alternating Sums of Volumes with Partitioning) decomposition that is a volumetric representation of a part obtained from its boundary representation. A measure of geometric similarity between two solid models is defined on their ASVP tree representations. The measure can take into account overall shapes of parte, shapes of features and their locations. Several properties that a similarity measure needs to satisfy are discussed. The geometric query developed in this paper can be used in a wide range of applications using CAD databases, which include similarity-based design retrieval, variant process planning, and components selection from part library. An experiment has been carried out to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method, and the results are presented.
Development of a PC-based Pre- and Post-processor for Remote CAE
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 113~121
A compact pre- and post-processor that runs on PC has been developed for the purpose of remote CAE. This includes a linear-finite-element-analysis module for on-site analysis of simple and midium-sized structural problems and an interfacing module for remote analysis of more complex cases such as nonlinear and large-scale linear problems which are cpu-consuming to solve. The software was designed to provide convenient interfacing capability for the use of client-server-type analysis. In this paper, the interface module was specially designed to use ABAQUS on the supercomputer. As a benchmark for the remote CAE, a sheet-forming simulation was perfomed on a PC networked with the supercomputer.
A Study for Improvement of the Femoral Stem Type using the Finite Element Analysis
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 122~126
A major mechanical problem with total hip replacement is the loosening of the femoral component. The loss of proximal support, with firm fixation distally, has been thought to be a major caused of fatigue failure of femoral stems. While many causes have been proposed, the most frequently suggested cause of the calcar resorption is the disuse atrophy of the cortex of the calcar due to the stress shielding of the proximal bone by the metal femoral stem. In this research, the new-designed stem(modified collar stem) was considered which made a hole inside stem and had a 3 mm thickness. Using the 3-dimensional finite element methods, the common collar stem and the modified colla stem was modeled and analysed. Also, the two models was compared. The results showed that the modified collar stem decreased the stress-shielding and it made a effective load transfer at the entire femoral region.
Development of Polynomial Based Response Surface Approximations Using Classifier Systems
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 127~135
Emergent computing paradigms such as genetic algorithms have found increased use in problems in engineering design. These computational tools have been shown to be applicable in the solution of generically difficult design optimization problems characterized by nonconvexities in the design space and the presence of discrete and integer design variables. Another aspect of these computational paradigms that have been lumped under the bread subject category of soft computing, is the domain of artificial intelligence, knowledge-based expert system, and machine learning. The paper explores a machine learning paradigm referred to as teaming classifier systems to construct the high-quality global function approximations between the design variables and a response function for subsequent use in design optimization. A classifier system is a machine teaming system which learns syntactically simple string rules, called classifiers for guiding the system's performance in an arbitrary environment. The capability of a learning classifier system facilitates the adaptive selection of the optimal number of training data according to the noise and multimodality in the design space of interest. The present study used the polynomial based response surface as global function approximation tools and showed its effectiveness in the improvement on the approximation performance.
Development of a Basic Structure Design System for Machine Tools by Modular Construction Method
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 136~143
The appearance of new machine tools with higher flexibility is in need of a basic structure design system for establishing the systematic and rationalized design and manufacturing procedures. In this study. the basic structure design system for machine tools is realized based on the modular construction method. Machine tools are represented as a whole and modular complex with the directed graph, and all possible structural configurations and codes of machine tools for satisfying the machining requirement are derived from the DNA data and connecting patterns of basic structural elements. Especially the structural configurations of machine tools are visualized by the solid modeling techniques and 3-D graphics techniques.
An Efficient Triangulation Algorithm for Trimmed NURBS Surfaces
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 144~154
We propose an algorithm for obtaining a triangular approximation of a trimmed NLRBS surface. Triangular approximation is used in the pre-processing step of many applications such as RP(Rapid Prototyping), NC(Numerical Control) and FEA(Finite Element Analysis), etc. The algorithm minimizes the number of triangular elements within tolerance and generates a valid triangular mesh for STL file and NC tool path generation. In the algorithm, a subdivision method is used. Since a patch is a basic element of triangular mesh creation, boundary curves of a patch are divided into line segments and the division of curves is applied for the interior of the surface. That is, boundary curves are subdivided into line segments and two end points of each line segment are propagated to the interior of the surface. For the case of a trimmed surface, triangulation is carried out using a model space information. The algorithm is superior because the number of elements can be controlled as the curvature of the surface varies and it generates the triangular mesh in a trimmed region efficiently. To verify the efficiency, the algorithm was implemented and tested for several 3D objects bounded by NURBS surfaces.
Two-dimensional Chip-load Analysis for Automatic Feedrate Adjustment
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 155~167
To be presented is two-dimensional chip-load analysis for cutting-load smoothing which is needed in unmanned machining and high speed machining of sculptured surfaces. Cutter-engagement angle and effective cutting depth are defined as chip-loads which are the geometrical measures corresponding to cutting-load while machining. The extreme values of chip-loads are geometrically derived in the line-line and line-arc-line blocks of the two-dimensional NC-codes. AFA(automatic feedrate adjustment) strategy for cutting-load smoothing is presented based on the chip-load trajectories.
Approximation of Curves with Biarcs using Tangent
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 168~174
A biarc is a curve connecting two circular arcs with the constraints of tangent continuity so that it can represent the free form currie approximately connecting several biarcs with the tangent continuity. Since a biarc consists of circular arcs, the offset curve of the curve represented by biarcs can be easily obtained. Besides. if the tool path is represented by biarcs, the efficiency of machining is improved and the amount of data is decreased. When approximating a curve with biarcs, the location of the point where two circular arcs meet each other plays an important part in determining the shape of a biarc. In this thesis, the optimum point where two circular arcs meet is calculated using the tangent information of the curve to approximate so that it takes less calculation time to approximate due to the decrease of the number of iterations.
Automatic Feedrate Adjustment for 2D Profile Milling
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 175~183
Proposed in this paper is a model-bated AFA (automatic feedrate-adjustment) method for maintaining smooth cutting-loads (i.e., cutting-force) during 2D-profile milling. Before the cutting-force model was established, some assumptions were verified through a series of preliminary cutting experiments (The results found that the curving-force was independent of the cutting speed and the cutting action at the cutter bosom). From the data obtained during the main cutting experiments, a “chip-load/cutting-force model”representing the cutting-force as a function of the chip-load (i.e., effective cutting-depth) and a feedrate is proposed. Based on the model. an AFA scheme for maintaining smooth cutting-force by adjusting the feedrate (i.e., F-code) according to the changes in chip-load was proposed. To check the validity of the proposed AFA scheme. another set of cutting experiments was conducted by using feedrate-adjusted NC-data while monitoring the actual machining processes using an accelerometer. The experimental results showed that the proposed AFA-scheme was quite effective.
A Study on the New Method for Structural Analysis and Design by MDO(Multidisciplinary Design Optimization) Methodology : Application to Structural Design of Flap Drive System
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 184~195
MDO (Multidisciplinary Design Optimization) methodology is an emerging new technology to solve a complicate structural analysis and design problem with a large number of design variables and constraints. In this paper MDO methodology is adopted through the use of computer aided systems such as Geometric Solid Modeller, Mesh Generator, CAD system and CAE system. And this paper introduces MDO methodology as a new method for structural analysis and design through the application to the structural design of flap drive system. In a MDO methodology application to the structural design of flap drive system, kinetodynamic analysis is done using a simple aerodynamic analysis model for the air flow over the flap surface instead of difficult aerodynamic analysis. Simultaneously the structural static analysis is done to obtain the optimum structural condition. And the structural buckling analysis for push pull rod is also done to confirm the optimum structural condition (optimum cross section shape of push pull rod).
Passage Feature Recognition Algorithm for Automatic Parting Surface Generation in Plastic Injection Mold
Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering, volume 5, issue 2, 2000, Pages 196~205
This paper proposes a topology-based algorithm for recognizing the passage features using a concept of multi-face hole loop. The Multi-face hole loop is a concetpual hole loop that is formed over several connected faces. A passage feature is recognized in the proposed approach by two multi-face hole loops that constitute its enterance and exit. The algorithm proposed in this paper checks the connectivity of the two multi-face hole loops to recognize passage features. The total number of passage features in a part is calculated from Euler equation and is compared with the number of found passage features to decide when to terminate. To find all multi-face hole loops in a part, this paper proposes an algorithm for finding all combinations of connected faces. The edge convexity is used to judge the validity of multi-face hole loops. By using the algorithm proposed in this paper, the passage features could be recognized effectively. The approach proposed in this paper is illustrated with several example parts.