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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Elementary Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Dec 2007
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Nov 2007
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Aug 2007
Volume 26, Issue 2 - May 2007
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Volume 25, Issue spc5 - Jan 2007
Selecting the target year
Development of a Spider Inquiry Program for Elementary Students based on the Scientific-Knowledge Generation Model
Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Kim, Suk-Ki ; Kwon, Yong-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 25, issue spc5, 2007, Pages 465~475
The purpose of this study was to develop a spider inquiry program for elementary school students based on the scientific-knowledge generating model. For the purposes of this study, we selected three species of snider (e.g. Pardosa astrigera, Argiope bruennichii, Nephila clavata) which were easily found in a school garden by elementary school students. The spider inquiry program was based on a model of the process of scientific-knowledge generation, and consisted of two sections: for students and teachers. The students' program was designed to generate scientific-knowledge, whilst the teachers' program was designed to guide the inquiry smoothly even in the case of teachers who lack experience in inquiry activities or possess limited subject knowledge on spiders. As a result, this program was found to have an influence on generating the scientific-knowledge of elementary students and the results further suggest that it may be helpful to teachers conducting an inquiry activity. Additionally, this program could be used as a selective activity lesson such as a science inquiry lesson, or as a biology inquiry class, as a weekend life experience study or as an activity on a science camp.
Comparing Misconceptions of Scientifically-Gifted and General Elementary Students in Physics Classes
Kwon, Sung-Gi ; Kim, Ji-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 25, issue spc5, 2007, Pages 476~484
The purpose of this study is to examine the misconception profiles of the scientifically-gifted and non-gifted children in terms of basic physics concepts and to compare them in terms of the types of differences in misconception as well as in their understanding of the concepts themselves. The subjects of this study were 75 scientifically-gifted children attending the Educational Center of Gifted Children in DNUE and 148 non-gifted children in elementary schools in Daegu city. For the purposes of this study, the basic concepts of physics (heat, electromagnetism, force, and light) which should be learned in an elementary school were selected with a review of related previous research and with an analysis of the 7th science curriculum. Next, a questionnaire was made which was made up of 20 multiple choice statement based items. Analysis of the results of the statement sections in the test, it was hoped, would reveal the difference between the scientifically-gifted and the non-gifted children's understanding, while the responses in the multiple choice items would suggest the differences between the two groups in terms of the misconceptions regarding physics concepts. The results of this study are as follows: First, although both the gifted and non-gifted children showed a low level of understanding of the concepts of heat, electromagnetism, force, and light, the gifted children' level of understanding of those physics concepts was proved to be significantly higher than the non-gifted, so it seems that the scientifically-gifted children have fundamentally understood the concepts in physics and have a higher level of understanding of them. Additionally, both the scientifically-gifted and non-gifted children' level of understanding of all the concepts was lower in the order of electromagnetism, heat, force, and light. This shows that both the scientifically-gifted and the non-gifted children have no difference in the level of understanding of any specific physics concept, but have similar levels of difficulty in every concept. Second, both the scientifically-gifted and non-gifted children showed similar types of misconceptions. However, the scientifically-gifted children had fewer misconceptions than the non-gifted. We suggest that scientifically-gifted children's misconceptions were not fixed yet, so there remained a possibility of them being corrected easily with appropriate instruction.
A Study on Scientifically-Gifted Students' Misconceptions regarding 'Small Living Things'
Kim, Se-Wook ; Hong, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 25, issue spc5, 2007, Pages 485~494
The aims of this study were to investigate the differences of the proportion of misconceptions and the reasons for selecting responses related to questions about small living things between talented and average students. The study subjects were made up of three groups. They were a class of 37 talented elementary students in science attending J National University of Education, a class of 37 talented students in science attending J City Office of Education, and a class of 33 average students attending J City. A questionnaire was composed of 20 test questions for examination of concepts related to small living things. The data obtained in this study was analyzed using a statistical program. The major results were as follows: In general, the level of the scientific concepts possessed by the talented students was much higher than that of the average students, especially in question 14. The reasons for the misconceptions which were revealed through this study were classified into vagueness of the language used, hasty decision and deduction making, using the wrong analogical inference, mass communications (TV or internet) and experimental differences between individuals. In terms of the reasons for the selection of a given response, the talented students had also a higher frequency in the 'science books for children' category than the average students, indicating that various kinds of science books for children have an influence on the formation of concepts on small living things. The misconception proportion of male students was 5.4% higher than that of female students in mean frequencies of all questions, although the difference was not statistically significant except for question 4. Data from this study may help teachers involved in education for gifted students to reconsider their conceptions on small living things.
A Study on the Differences in Learning-Activity Preferences between Gifted and Average Students according to Thinking Styles
Shin, Jong-Ho ; Seo, Jeong-Hee ; Choi, Jae-Hyeok ; Kim, Yong-Nam ; Kim, Yun-Keun ; Lee, Byun-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 25, issue spc5, 2007, Pages 495~506
This study investigated the differences in learning activity preferences according to different thinking styles between gifted and average students. A cluster analysis procedure was performed to classify students on the basis of thinking styles. Two clusters of different thinking styles were deduced: the gifted group with a high level thinking style (cluster 1), and the average group with a low level thinking style (cluster 2). The gifted group (cluster 1) preferred projects, simulations, discussions and game activities to other types of loaming activities. Gifted students and average students also were clustered into each three unique subgroups with respect to levels and patterns in thinking styles, and these subgroups also showed different learning preferences. The clusters of gifted students included the self-regulated learning type (cluster a), cooperative-learning type (cluster b), and the passive-learning type (cluster c). The clusters of average students included the independent learning type (cluster i), no-preference learning type(cluster ii), and the no-motivation & teacher-directed learning type (cluster iii). Theses clusters indicated significant differences not only in thinking styles but also in terms of preferences regarding learning activities. Theses findings are discussed in terms of their educational implications.
The Development of a Science Education Program for Gifted Elementary Students Based on the Biographies of Scientists
Park, Moon-Young ; Lee, Myon-U ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 25, issue spc5, 2007, Pages 507~521
The purposes of this study were to develop a science program using scientists as the material and to examine the effects of this in teaching science to gifted elementary students. The program included low modules, each of which was devised based on the literature examination of the lives, scientific achievements and contributions of four scientists: Ju-Myeong Seok, Jang-Chun Woo, L. Pasteur, and M. Curie. In this study, the four modules were applied and taught to fifteen gifted children in the 6th grade. After the program was taught to the children, post-questionnaires, examination of the subjects' output, in-depth interviews and classroom investigations were carried out and analyzed by the researchers. The results of the study were as follows. The majority of the subjects showed a considerable amount of interest in the program, participated actively and enthusiastically in the given tasks until they solved the problems, and their output produced a number of novel ideas. The results of the post-questionnaires indicated that the program was appropriate fer the subjects and effective in teaching scientifically-gifted children. Moreover, the analysis of the in-depth interviews conducted with the subjects showed that the subjects had opportunities to think about scientific attitudes, the relationships between science, society and nations, the contributions that scientists can possibly make to society, and the identity of scientists, despite the existence of differences between individual children.
Development and Application of a Science Camp Program for Gifted Elementary School Students
Kwon, Chi-Soon ; Kim, Jae-Young ; Kim, Nam-Il ; Lim, Chae-Seong ; Jhun, Young-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 25, issue spc5, 2007, Pages 522~531
A Science Camp Program was developed and applied as an intensified course for gifted students. The implications for the development and implementation of out-of-school science activities were also deduced through the analysis of the preliminary application results. The key point of the science camp program is to boost students' science inquiry skills through self-directed activities. Several positive effects in terms of interest and participation in the program were observed and some implications were derived as follows; (1) The program should provide the students with more opportunities for discussion and debate in group activities. (2) The tasks need be divided into two parts; basic tasks and optional tasks in order to ensure that the students engage in fewer tasks more intensively. (3) Each activity needs sufficient orientation taking consideration of the possibility that not all students may be ready for the inquiry. (4) The use of real examples of scientific research processes can help the students develop open inquiry skills and problem posing skills.
A Case Study on the Scientifically-Gifted Students' and Average Student's Creative Science Problem Solving Processes and Skills
Shim, Hye-Jin ; Jang, Shin-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 25, issue spc5, 2007, Pages 532~547
The purposes of this study were to investigate the creative science problem solving (CSPS) process amongst scientifically-gifted students and average students through the qualitative think-aloud research method, and to compare the differences in their CSP, scientific knowledge, scientific process skills, creative thinking, and finally, the affective domain used in their CSPS. For the purposes of this study, two scientifically-gifted 6th grade students and one average student were selected. The results show that one gifted student with good creative thinking skills exhibited better performance in CSPS than the other gifted student, who had the highest level of scientific knowledge. In the case of the average student, in spite of her high level of factual knowledge, she had difficulty in proceeding in CSPS due to her shallow scientific knowledge along with her low level of understanding of the given problem. This study highlights the importance of considering the factors which influence successful CSPS and which can play an important role in the education of scientifically-gifted children. These factors were identified as scientific knowledge, understanding of the scientific process, creative thinking, the affective domain, and science problem solving skills.
Effects of the Classes on the Path of the Light through the Lens Focused on Substantial Concepts for the Elementary School Gifted in Science
Lee, In-Ho ; Hong, Jun-Euy ; Jhun, Young-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 25, issue spc5, 2007, Pages 548~555
In this paper, we suggested that those elementary school students who are gifted in science should be taught basic and fundamental concepts to solve applied problems. We developed a teaching model based on a lesson regarding the path that light takes when passing through a lens on the base of refraction of light. We applied the teaching model to scientifically-gifted elementary school students and analyzed the results. The teaching model is based on the circulation loaming model appropriate for learning such concepts. The problems were designed and applied in order to determine the students' level of concept skills held and also to develop new teaching tools to help their understanding of concepts. As a result, we confirmed that the students, who were unable to describe the path of the light before the course of instruction was given, were able to draw and explain the path of light passing trough lens by using the law of refraction following the instruction.
Development of an EEG Based Discriminant-Scale for Scientifically Gifted Students in Elementary School
Kwon, Suk-Won ; Kang, Min-Jung ; Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Kwon, Yong-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 25, issue spc5, 2007, Pages 556~566
The purpose of this study was to develop an electroencephalogram (EEG) based differential-scale for scientifically gifted students in elementary school. For this study, signals of EEG with 19 channels were recorded during the generation of our scientific hypothesis using 22 scientifically gifted students, and with 49 average students being used as the control group. IQ, TCT and knowledge generation (KG) as constructs of the scientifically gifted were administered for both the scientifically gifted and the normal, control group elementary students. A 'gifted' value was added to paper test scores of the IQ, TCT, and KG constructs in order to make a personal standardization score for the gifted students. As a dependent variable, the groups were divided by means of the standardization scores thus produced and as an autonomous variable, various EEG parameters were presented through linear analysis, nonlinear analysis, and interdependency measures of the EEG. Multiple linear regression analysis was applied successfully to explain the EEG parameters and to show the characteristics of the scientifically-gifted. The discrimination analysis was administered through the results of multiple linear regression of the EEG parameters thus produced. This study represents the foundation of the development of an EEG based discriminant-scale for scientifically gifted students in elementary school, because it will be able to faithfully discriminate between scientifically-gifted and average students. The results of this study indicates that most of the EEG parameters produced can contribute to predicting the characteristics of the scientifically-gifted in that they express the degree of mutual information and the coherence of mutuality. Accordingly, mutual connectivity which appears to originate in the brain seems to the core of discrimination.
The Comparison of the Scientifically Gifted and General Children's Characteristics on Reasoning Patterns in Creative Science Problem Solving Processes
Lee, Soo-Jin ; Bae, Jin-Ho ; Kim, Eun-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 25, issue spc5, 2007, Pages 567~581
This study examined patterns of reasoning of both the scientifically-gifted and children of average ability as witnessed in their science problem solving skills. Science problem solving skills are one of the significant characteristics of scientifically gifted children, and by using methods such as individual interviews, inductive reasoning, abductive reasoning, and deductive reasoning, the characteristics of these children can be to be further explored and categorized. The study also compared the findings with those of average children. This study sought to determine efficient guidelines fur teaching the scientifically-gifted, to come up with basic materials for developing relevant programs, and to find suggestions for identifying such students. The results of the study are as follows: Firstly, the creative science problem solving skills of the scientifically-gifted were better than that of the average students. Secondly, all of the three reasoning patterns used revealed in creative science solving processes were different between the gifted and the average, especially in terms of abductive reasoning, which was proved to reveal the greatest distinction between the two groups.
An Analysis of Activities for Scientifically-Gifted in an International Science Competition from the Perspective of the Social Aspects of Creativity - The Case of the 'International Young Physicists' Tournament'
Choi, Jae-Hyeok ; Seo, Jeong-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 25, issue spc5, 2007, Pages 582~590
In this paper, the activities for scientifically-gifted high school students in the 2006 International Young Physicists' Tournament were analyzed, from the perspective of the social aspects of creativity. To understand this, the process by which the activities were similar to the system model of creativity developed by Csikszen-tmihalyi were analyzed. Our aim was to elicit the educational implications of cooperative science problem solving skills and to discuss the results from their social perspective. It was found that participants interacted consistently with peers, teachers, and the culture that was developed during the course of the tournament. This was found to be very similar to the way in which novel knowledge in the system model of creativity is produced. In the tournament, the juries' assessment was based on students' presentations, discussions, and reviews. This was also very similar to how novel knowledge in the model is selected. Solving problems cooperatively and evaluating the results through group discussion are well reflected the social aspects of creativity. Due to the fact that such tournaments for scientifically-gifted elementary students are rapidly increasing in popularity, such activities will increasingly become more important. It is necessary, therefore, to study the social aspects of creativity for the gifted in elementary and middle school.