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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Elementary Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Dec 2007
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Nov 2007
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Aug 2007
Volume 26, Issue 2 - May 2007
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Volume 25, Issue spc5 - Jan 2007
Selecting the target year
An Analysis of Social Interaction according to Students' Preference for Groups in Science Instruction of Elementary School
Yang, Jeon-Mi ; Lee, Hea-Jung ; Oh, Chang-Ho ; Jeong, Jin-Su ; Kwon, Yong-Ju ; Park, Kuk-Tae ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 1, 2007, Pages 1~11
The purpose of this study was to investigate interaction patterns and characteristics of small group discussions during elementary school science classes. Four heterogeneous groups were formed according to preferences and non-preferences, consisting of male and female students. Verbal interactions during small group discussions were audio and videotaped, transcribed and analyzed. The interaction frequency of each group was compared in terms of their cognitive and affective aspects. The results in terms of the cognitive aspect showed that there were no significant differences in the frequency of interaction between preference and non-preference groups' verbal behaviors. However, the quality of interaction was superior and the number of high level types of interaction were more frequent in the preference group. From the affective perspective, both groups of students exhibited a positive attitude in the preference group and a negative attitude in the non-preference group. The differences of interaction between the male and female student's groups were that in the case of the female group, the frequency and the quality of interaction was higher. Moreover, in contrast to male students, female students revealed satisfaction and favorable attitudes in their non-preference group because they felt more a acceptable atmosphere and attitude in that group. These results suggest that the interactions of the preference group are more interactive and elaborate in nature than those of the non-preference group.
The Effects of Elementary School Student' Evaluation Regarding Science Classes on Teachers' Teaching Activities
Seo, Hee-Jung ; Park, Jae-Won ; Won, Jeong-Ae ; Paik, Seong-Hey ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 1, 2007, Pages 12~23
The purpose of this study was to research the effects of students' evaluation results on teachers' teaching activities. The subjects were 431 elementary school students of 4th, 5th and 6th grade, and 14 teachers of 7 schools located in Seoul, Cheongju, and Daejeon city. The experimental design included pre and post-tests with the control group. Our results found that most of the students had positive thoughts towards science classes. In particular, activities where the teachers provided support in the conduct of experiments and the learning atmosphere generally were evaluated higher than other activities. However, unrestricted experiments were evaluated lower by the students. The feedback from the students' evaluation results of their teachers affected the teachers' teaching activities statistically. The teachers' support during experiments, unrestricted activity during experiments, and evaluation activities were changed positively following the students' feedback. However, the loaming atmosphere and unrestricted activity during experiments were observed to change negatively when the teachers were not given the students' feedback.
An Analysis of Science Inquiries as Presented in Elementary Science Textbooks
Shim, Kew-Cheol ; Park, Jong-Seok ; Park, Sang-Woo ; Shin, Myeong-Kyeong ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 1, 2007, Pages 24~31
Research into scientific inquiry methods indicates that providing various types of inquiry methods can enhance students' science loaming in terms of providing students with actual science in various ways' more so than exposure to one type of inquiry method. This article develops a framework for an analysis of scientific inquiry types based on the nature of scientific enterprise. We selected three types of scientific inquiry: these were minds-on activities, hands-on activities, and experimenting. Elementary science textbooks in the 7th national science curriculum were analysed according to the following subject areas; earth science, physics, biology, and chemistry. A total of 61 teaching units from 3rd through 6th grade science textbooks were investigated. The frequencies of each type of scientific inquiry method were slightly different among four science subject areas. The most frequent type which appeared in physics and chemistry was the hands-on type, while the minds-on activity type was the most frequent type which appeared in earth science and biology.
The Relationships between Children's Science Aptitude, Creativity, and Scientific Creative Problem Solving Abilities
Kim, Hye-Soon ; Kang, Gi-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 1, 2007, Pages 32~40
The scientific creativity problem solving ability of children has been greatly emphasized in recent years, because it has been regarded as an example of highly developed reasoning and thinking skills. This study aimed to identify the relationships between scientific aptitude, creativity, and scientific creative problem solving abilities in children. The subjects were 100 5th graders residing in Seoul and a small city in Choongnam. Data was analyzed by t-test and by correlation using spss program packages. The main results of this study were as follows: first, a significant difference was found in the scientific creative problem solving ability of children by their respective levels of science aptitude. Secondly, the scientific creative problem solving ability of the children by their levels of creativity was found to be insignificant. Thirdly, no significant difference was found between creativity and scientific creative problem solving ability among the children examined; however there was a significant difference found between the science aptitude and scientific-creative problem solving ability and between science aptitude and creativity in the children who participated in this study.
Elementary School Students' Perception of the Name of Plants and Their Criteria Used in Classifying Plants
Kim, Sang-Young ; Song, Nam-Hi ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 1, 2007, Pages 41~48
The purpose of this study is to examine how many plant names elementary school children how, and what kind of criteria they use for classifying these plants. The sample involved 926 students from the 2nd, the 4th, and the 6th grades dwelling in one urban, three suburban, and six rural areas. Their level of perception on the name of plants increased in correlation to the elevation of the grade level. However, different patterns of increases were shown depending on the local environments in which they live. The most well-known plant names for students were the rose of Sharon, the rose and the pine tree. The students mostly classified the plants using the following criteria such as 'with or without flower' and 'edible or inedible' regardless as to whether they had prior loaming experience of plant classification. 65.3% of the 6th graders correctly grouped 5 kinds of plants into the flowering and the non-flowering plant categories at the 1st level of classification. However, only 17.9% and 7.7% correctly divided the flowering and the non-flowering plants into two subgroups at the 2nd level of classification respectively. Therefore, their abilities in plant classification was shown overall to be poor. The students living in suburban areas appeared to be harmonized with both the natural and urbanized surroundings and classified the plants more scientifically than those from the urban or rural areas were able to. This suggests that the conception of plant classification by children is affected by the environment in which they live. If children have more opportunities to observe plants in surroundings such as their classrooms and school gardens, it will help them to form the relevant scientific concepts as well as to correct any alternative conceptions related to classification.
A Review on Brain Study Methods in Elementary Science Education - A Focus on the fMRl Method -
Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Kwon, Yong-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 1, 2007, Pages 49~62
The higher cognitive functions of the human brain including teaming are hypothesized to be selectively distributed across large-scale neural networks interconnected to the cortical and subcortical areas. Recently, advances in functional imaging have made it possible to visualize the brain areas activated by certain cognitive activities in vivo. Neural substrates for teaming and motivation have also begun to be revealed. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) provides a non-invasive indirect mapping of cerebral activity, based on the blood- oxygen level dependent (BOLD) contrast which is based on the localized hemodynamic changes following neural activities in certain areas of the brain. The fMRI method is now becoming an essential tool used to define the neuro-functional mechanisms of higher brain functions such as memory, language, attention, learning, plasticity and emotion. Further research in the field of education will accelerate the verification of the effects on loaming or help in the selection of model teaching strategies. Thus, the purpose of this study was to review brain study methods using fMRI in science education. In conclusion, a number of possible strategies using fMRI for the study of elementary science education were suggested.
An Analysis of the Relationship between Biology-related Contents Presented in Science and Other Subject Matter Areas in the Elementary School Curriculum
Park, Jae-Keun ; Kang, Ho-Kam ; Kim, Yong-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 1, 2007, Pages 63~75
This study investigated how the contents of biology domains that were dealt with in the 7th national elementary-school science curriculum were in turn dealt with in the other subject matter areas. Through this, it was hoped that the place and identity of biology as a subject could be more clearly established and defined and additionally, more basic data for developing the new national science curriculum could be acquired at the same time. Subject matter areas that overlapped with biology in the 7th national elementary-school curriculum were practical arts, social studies and physical education. The structure and composition of specific components that were dealt with by these subject matter areas were very different from those of science, and the analysis showed that they failed to correspond across grades. Moreover, topics such as 'natural calamities and the environment' and 'human reproduction' that were dealt with by other subject matter areas, but not in science must be included for developing the new national science curriculum. Accordingly, when it comes to composing the contents of each subject matter area during creation of the new national curriculum, the relevant experts in related subject matter areas should be mobilized to conduct in-depth analysis of the following areas: viability, the most appropriate level of difficulty, and appropriateness of any hierarchy of relative importance between subjects. Additionally, efforts to reflect any improvements in the way the new national curriculum is developed which come about through this research are needed.
A Study on the Characteristics of the Component of Argumentation in the Process of Solving Scientific Argument Tasks among Elementary Students
Lee, Seok-Hee ; Seo, Bong-Hee ; Kim, Yong-Gwon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 1, 2007, Pages 76~86
The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of scientific argumentation and its development in the process of mutual discussion activities by elementary school students in the 5th grade. The results of this study can be summarized as below: First, students used diversity argumentation components for solving the given argumentation theme, however, most students used the assertion or the basis of a simple expression of their own thoughts as a high ratio, and components of a one directional explanatory argumentation process rather than components of a mutual communicative argumentation process. Second, an asymmetric group showed a high-use ratio of communicative argumentation components and achieved argumentation activities harmoniously between a symmetric group and an asymmetric group in organization of groups for solving argumentation themes. It was found that students in the transitional period showed the highest rate of participation within the discussion process. Moreover, they also showed the highest rate of development of discussion skills whilst in the process of using scientific problems. In conclusion, this phenomenon is caused by highlighting the mutual action between the teacher and the student rather than placing an emphasis on the mutual action among students during field instructions.
An Analysis of Observation and Measurement Standards in Foreign National Science Curriculums
Lee, Bong-Woo ; Kim, Hee-Kyong ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 1, 2007, Pages 87~96
The purpose of this study was to examine the features of the standards of observation and measurement in foreign national science curriculums. For the purpose of this study, we analyzed the science standards of the USA (National Science Education Standards, the Science Standards of the State of California, Massachusetts, Colorado, Nebraska, Virginia and Florida), the United Kingdom (England), Singapore, Canada (the State of Alberta), Australia (the State of Victoria) and New Zealand. The results of the study indicated that foreign national science curriculums put an emphasis on accurate and systematical observation, usage of the five senses, usage of observation tools, and an understanding of observation. Regarding the 'measurement' factors, foreign national science curriculums emphasized systematic and accurate measurement. Measurement targets and tools were presented for each grade. The usage of appropriate units was also included in the foreign national curriculums which we examined.
Difficulties Experienced by Elementary School Teachers in Science Classes
Lee, Soo-Ah ; Jhun, Young-Seok ; Hong, Jun-Euy ; Shin, Young-Joon ; Choi, Jung-Hoon ; Lee, In-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 1, 2007, Pages 97~107
The purpose of this study is to discover and develop any implications which may arise in relation to science teachers' professional growth and development by investigating the difficulties experienced by elementary school teachers in science classes. 196 elementary school teachers were requested to write an anecdotal report regarding their science lessons. 30 science teachers in middle school also answered the same questionnaire. By means of inductive categorical analyzing, the difficulties were grouped into several categories. The results were as follows: (1) The difficulties elementary teachers experience in their science lessons fall into three categories; 'professional science knowledge(9.8%)', 'science laboratory activities(78.3%)', 'teaching methodology(11.2%)'. (2) Science teachers in middle school experienced similar difficulties. However, distribution differed from that of elementary school teachers; 'professional science knowledge(39.0%)', 'science laboratory activities(35.6%)', 'teaching methodology(27.1%)'. (3) The causes of these difficulties were identified as follows; a lack of time to prepare for science classes, insufficient substantial pre-service teacher education, and a lack of adaptive support to elementary school teachers.
Elementary Student's and Teacher's Views on Life Phenomenon
Lee, So-Hee ; Shin, Young-Joon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 1, 2007, Pages 108~116
The purpose of this study was to examine the views of elementary students and teachers in relation to life phenomenon. Students seemed to strongly agree with the notion of vitalism as well as with organicism. However they clearly disagreed with the notion of mechanism. Contrary to our supposition, their viewpoints on lift phenomenon were highly affected by their relative levels of academic achievement in science subject areas, rather than by their religious affiliations. One possible explanation for this outcome is that elementary schoolers have not firmly established religious views, though they might indeed have a religious affiliation. High-achieving children in science subject areas seemed to agree with both vitalism and organicism (p<.01), and it is suggested that those students must have had more opportunities to encounter related cases in modem science or life ethics. Teachers agreed with all three views, showing the highest rate of approval in organicism. Though they appeared to agree with mechanism, they were strongly opposed to radical mechanism generally arguing that 'organism and machines were essentially the same'. Student responses indicated that TV had a bigger influence on their viewpoint on life phenomenon than teachers did. This means that children held certain views about the relative significance and influences of teachers vis-a-vis TV in daily life, and is also reflective of a perception amongst students that teachers do not how the significance of viewpoints on lift phenomenon.
A Survey of University Professors' as well as Pre-service and In-service Teachers' Perceptions of the Specialized Science Education Courses in the National Universities of Education in Korea
Kwon, Chi-Soon ; Kim, Jae-Young ; Kim, Nam-Il ; Yeo, Sang-Ihn ; Lim, Chae-Seong ; Lim, Cheong-Hwan ; Jhun, Young-Seok ; Shin, Myeong-Kyeong ; Jang, Shin-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 1, 2007, Pages 117~130
This study investigated the university proffssors', pre-service teachers' and in-service teachers' perceptions of the specialized science education courses in the 11 national universities of education in Korea, analyzed their perception differences, and made suggestions the future directions for the specialized courses. For this study, 46 university professors, 402 in-service teachers, and 336 pre-service teachers were participated nationwide. The results show that there were significant differences in their perceptions between the three groups. For university professors, for example, the acquisition of science content knowledge appeared to be the most important objective of the courses, whereas the other groups preferred the acquisition of more practical knowledge and skills that they could easily use and apply in their classroom teaching later. The university professors tended to think that the science specialized courses would be very useful to the teachers' teaching and contribute to developing their professionality. On the contrary, the in-service and pre-service teachers tended to think that the courses would be not so useful because science theories construct the courses rather than practical knowledge. The implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the future science teacher education.
Comparison of General Teaching Efficacy and Science Teaching Efficacy of Preservice Elementary Teachers
Lim, Hee-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 1, 2007, Pages 131~139
This study investigated whether there was a difference between general teaching efficacy and science teaching efficacy of preservice elementary teachers. And, the difference was also examined in the area of several variables of the preservice teachers, such as gender, the university majors, the high school majors, and grades. The results showed that a significant difference was not found between general teaching efficacy and science teaching efficacy. Teacher variables were found as the major factors to explain the difference. In case of male students who are majoring in science/math at university, and the students who majored in science/math at high school, science teaching efficacy was higher than general teaching efficacy. Whereas, in case of female students and nonscience majors at university and high school, science teaching efficacy was lower than their general teaching efficacy. Educational implications for preservice elementary teachers were discussed.