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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Elementary Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Dec 2007
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Nov 2007
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Aug 2007
Volume 26, Issue 2 - May 2007
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Volume 25, Issue spc5 - Jan 2007
Selecting the target year
How does Elementary Students Understand Illustrations in Science Textbook ?
Yang, Il-Ho ; Lee, Joung-Eun ; Lim, Sung-Man ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 5, 2007, Pages 475~488
The purpose of this study was to investigate elementary students' difficulties when they read the illustrations on scientific textbook. 5 illustrations were selected on basis that they had some of the textual/graphical features. The data were collected from open-ended questionnaires and follow-up interviews. To investigate difficulties of reading illustrations, 100 sixth grade students participated in this study and interviews were taken to 9 volunteers among those participants. The results showed that many students had difficulties in the integration of verbal representation and realistic image representation on the illustration, therefore they often misunderstood the meaning of illustration. These results gave several recommendations when we used illustrations as educational materials. Teachers would be better to guide that students could understand illustrations with the integration of the reading of one or more representations.
Beliefs of Elementary Pre-service and In-service Teachers about Science and Science Education
Kim, Jung-Min ; Yeau, Sung-Hee ; Shim, Kew-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 5, 2007, Pages 489~498
This study focuses on surveying and examining the beliefs of elementary pre-service and in-service teachers about science and science education. The instrument consisted of 21 items about science and science education on a 5-Likert scale(score range from 1 to 5). The one contained science knowledge and scientific invention, and the other contained science teacher, learning science and science learning and teaching. Data were collected from 76 pre-service and 96 in-service elementary teachers(24 male and 148 female). The elementary pre-service and in-service teachers had higher level belief about that science knowledge should be acquired by sequential scientific process, the beliefs of in-service teachers was more explicit than those of pre-service teachers. They had beliefs to educate learners by providing scientific joyfulness and sequential scientific process. But, in-service teachers had difficulties to perform scientific process-based activities. It is necessary to provide scientific experiences to understand the nature of science in pre-service and in-service programs.
Analysis of the Basic Inquiry Process in Korean Science Textbooks: Focused on Classification, Prediction and Reasoning
Kim, Hee-Kyong ; Park, Bo-Hwa ; Lee, Bong-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 5, 2007, Pages 499~508
The purpose of this study was to examine the features of the standards of classification, prediction and reasoning in foreign national science standards and the characteristics of these inquiry processes in the Korean science textbooks. The inquiry process of classification was found less frequently rather than observation and measurement. 'The classification of one character' was much more contained than the higher level of classification, 'the classification of composit character'. For the inquiry process of prediction, most of prediction was 'prediction from experiment result'. In the level of prediction, 'basic prediction' was found more frequently than 'operation prediction'. The inquiry process of reasoning was found more frequently than classification and prediction and was increased in the higher grade textbooks. In the level of reasoning, the higher grade textbooks included 'secondary reasoning' rather than 'simple reasoning'.
A Comparative Study on Elementary Science Textbooks in Korea and the U.S. : Focusing on
Grade Scientific Concepts and Inquiry Process in 'Matter' Units
Suh, Ye-Won ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 5, 2007, Pages 509~524
The purpose of the study is to compare elementary school science textbooks (
grade) in Korea and the U.S., centering on the ways to present scientific concepts and inquiry process in the units of 'matter.' The analysis is focused on: a) general structure of the units; b) how to present scientific concepts in terms of its connections and complexity; c) how to present inquiry process in terms of its types and skills. The findings of the study are as follows. First, the contents of 'matter' units are scientific discipline-based in both countries. The general structure of the units in Korean textbooks is unrestricted compared to those in the U.S. Second, the connections among the concepts are poor and the level of complexity is low in Korean textbooks, which are contrary to those in the U.S. textbooks. Third, it is a common feature that the inquiry process is based on learners' everyday experiences with simple experiments in two countries' textbooks. However, the inquiry process in the U.S. textbooks is provided with detailed instructions while the process in Korea is presented with diverse activities without formal guidelines. Based on the results, the study suggests three recommendations to improve Korean textbooks: a) science contents should be linked to other disciplines in order to promote practical applications; b) scientific concepts are required to be tightly connected and provided with in-depth explanations; c) inquiry process is needed to be presented with specific guidance to facilitate scientific thinking.
Classification and Analysis of Accompanying Inscriptions Used in Elementary Science Textbooks
Chung, Jung-In ; Han, Jae-Young ; Kim, Yong-Jin ; Paik, Seoung-Hey ; Song, Young-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 5, 2007, Pages 525~534
Elementary students are tend to depend heavily on visual informations in the cognitive process. Thus, elementary science textbooks provide science contents mostly by inscriptions, the visual materials, with little verbal information in the limited page area. Especially, since the textbooks include many accompanying inscriptions rather than a basic inscription, it is very important to understand the relationships among many inscriptions in teaching and leaning science. Therefore, this study analyzed the status and characteristics of accompanying inscriptions used. in elementary science textbooks, and classified them according to their functions. As results, we found six types of the accompanying inscriptions such as inner part, detail, result, process, emphasis, and explanation. Accompanying inscriptions were used more frequently in the lower grade (3rd and 4th grades) than the higher grade (5th and 6th grades). We discussed the examples of each type in detail, and thus revealed some possible difficulties in understanding inscriptions caused by the inconsistency of the directions of the basic inscription and accompanying inscription, and by the absence of the sign linking the basic and accompanying inscriptions.
The Differences between Physicists' Expectations and Teachers' Representations about the Primary Physics Concepts in Elementary Schools
Kwon, Nan-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 5, 2007, Pages 535~550
The purpose of this study was the identifying differences between physicists' expectations and teachers' representations about the primary physics concepts in elementary schools. For this, the material subjects analyzed were the 7th curriculum, the textbooks of elementary school and the texts using at the department of physics in many universities. The primary physics concepts extracted from the texts were to be fundamental and basic. Also, they were restricted to the domain of dynamics. And besides, the human subjects were physicists, professors and students majoring physics of the graduate school, researchers of institutes or laboratories and elementary school teachers. At the result of this study showed the scholars and teachers have the different opinions.
Analysis of Questions in the 'Matter' Units of Elementary Science Textbooks under the 7th Curriculum
Park, Ju-Hyeon ; Kwon, Hyeok-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 5, 2007, Pages 551~557
The purpose of this study was to examine the questions in the 'Matter' units of elementary science textbooks under the 7th curriculum. For the analysis, a total of 338 questions were extracted from 15 units. Six criteria (recalling, recognizing, predictive, applied, divergent, and evaluative question) were reconstructed for textbook question analysis based on Blosser(1973)'s question category system for science. The results were as follows. First, there were more closed (recalling, recognizing, predictive, or applied) questions (72.2%) than open (divergent or evaluative) questions (27.8%) in elementary science textbooks. Second, cognitive-memory (recalling or recognizing) question type was the most frequently asked in all grade levels. Open (divergent or evaluative) questions increased according to grade level whereas convergent (predictive or applied) questions decreased. Third, question types were applied based on the characteristics of each unit rather than on children's developmental characteristics. Educational implications were discussed based on the results.
The Reformed Science Curriculum Contents Overlapped or Omitted in Elementary School Comparing with Existing Curriculum
Jeon, Min-Ji ; Chang, Jin-A ; Jhun, Young-Seok ; Lee, In-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 5, 2007, Pages 558~569
The purpose of this research is to minimize the learning deficiency on science subject in changeover from the 7th education curriculum to the next curriculum which was noticed in 2007. We investigated the contents overlapped or omitted in science contents organization between the two curriculums; moved contents to upper or lower grade, deleted contents, enlarged contents and reduced contents. Also we found that the deficiency will be occurred for the students who entered school in 2006 and 2007 in elementary school. To minimize the learning deficiency in the changeover, we must consider the following points. (1) We need to promote the teachers' comprehension about the learning deficiency and supplementary instruction through the teacher training program before carrying out the next curriculum. (2) We must add the measures minimizing the learning deficiency to the teachers' guide and resources which are used in encouragement of learning and teachers' training. (3) We must develop the instructing materials to supplement the learning deficiency for the students who entered school in 2006 and 2007. As practicing above points, we will be able to reduce time loss in studying and teaching the same contents and to supplement the omitted contents.
Classifications of Instructional Objectives of Elementary Science based on Bloom's Revised Taxonomy of Educational Objectives
Kim, Young-Shin ; Lee, Hae-Sook ; Shin, Ae-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 5, 2007, Pages 570~579
Instructional objectives clearly show what teachers should teach in the class and how they lead the class, focusing on a certain activity for their students in the class. Clear instructional objectives are a prerequisite for teachers to accomplish effectively their curriculum. The revised Bloom's taxonomy table of educational objectives has been introduced in 50 years since the publication of his original taxonomy table in 1956. Bloom's revised taxonomy table of educational objectives has two-dimensions, the "cognitive process" dimension and the "knowledge" dimension, and it classifies class objectives more elaborately and clearly. This study was designed to classify instructional objectives stated in elementary science guidebooks for teachers into Bloom's revised taxonomy table, and see how the objectives of elementary science classes were categorized by grade level and areas. In addition, this study examined how the objectives of elementary science classes by study area were classified into the new taxonomy table. This study classified 618 elementary science instructional objectives of third- to sixth-grade science guidebooks for teachers into Bloom's revised taxonomy table. The results showed that the objectives of elementary science classes emphasized disproportionately some of the knowledge and cognitive process dimensions. In the area of subjects while the percentages of factual knowledge were very high, those of meta-cognitive knowledge were low.
Developing an Innovative Framework of Grade
Lim, Chae-Seong ; Yoon, Hye-Gyoung ; Jang, Myoung-Duk ; Lim, Hee-Jun ; Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Kim, Mi-Jung ; Park, Heon-Woo ; Lee, In-Sun ; Kwon, Chi-Soon ; Lee, Dae-Hyung ; Kim, Nam-Il ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 26, issue 5, 2007, Pages 580~595
To respond to the announcement of the revised version of science curriculum early this year, it has been necessary to develop new science textbooks which can be appropriate and effective to achieve the goals of the revised curriculum. The system of new textbooks needs to embrace the concerns of cognitive development in scientific knowledge, skills, and attitudes as well as social and cultural demands in the rapidly changing society. To develop an innovative framework of science textbooks, we examined previous studies on textbook analysis in Korea and analyzed science textbooks in the United States, Singapore, and Japan. We analyzed various ways of introducing and developing conceptual knowledge, leading scientific inquiry skills and process, enhancing scientific attitudes toward science, technology, society and the environment in those science textbooks. In the process of framing the structures of textbooks, we focused on ways of increasing educational effects of visualized texts, leaners' interest, user-friendly procedure, scientific inquiry, effectiveness of hands-on activities, scientific reading and writing skills, and usage of workbook. Based on those aspects and analyses of textbooks, we attempted to propose a feasible framework of Grade
Science textbook which can effectively respond to the educational changes and demands in the local and global society.