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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Elementary Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Nov 2008
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Aug 2008
Volume 27, Issue 2 - May 2008
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Professional Development Process of Elementary Teacher
Lim, Jae-Keun ; Yang, Il-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 93~101
We investigated the characteristics of lesson session and the professional development of teachers who conduct good teaching science subject. Seven teachers' were selected the finalists at the elementary school science and teaching competition. The study was based on a semi-structured questionnaire and interviews. To prove validity of the study, the collected data were verified by subject teachers for feedback. The results showed that the teachers believed that their lesson contents and methods were superior to other teachers. To enhance professional development in their lessons, they are only being made through help from colleagues and personal efforts, and a systematic development was involved with necessary situation. As a plan for enhancing an effective quality enhancement of lessons, open classes and conversation between colleagues were proposed. An organization or a group that can motivate teachers and provide systematic support for quality enhancement of lessons by teachers is needed.
Elementary Teachers' Dilemmas of Teaching Science Practical Work
Yoon, Hye-Gyoung ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 102~116
In their teaching practice, teachers encounter multi-dimensions of pedagogical challenges. The recognition and reflection on these challenges is crucial to advance our science teaching. This study looked into science teachers' dilemmas of their teaching practical work through their written cases. Dilemma cases are teachers' narratives organized around important events of teaching and learning. It can reveal teachers' situated cognition and be used as lens to investigate complex realities of science teaching and learning. 26 pre- and in-service elementary teachers' dilemma cases of science practical work were carefully collected and analysed to interpret what constitute tensions in elementary science practical works. They were largely grouped into three: Curriculum and Institutional Relevance, Students Relevance, Nature of School Experiments Relevance and divided into 7 subheadings: 'Authority of Curriculum(textbook)', 'Disappointment at external support', 'Students' interests and safety', 'Students' unscientific and inert attitude', 'Difficulty of showing expected results', 'Generalization through experiment', 'Knowledge acquisition and authentic inquiry'. Each dilemma was interpreted in terms of the tensions which constitute contradictory beliefs, values, expectation and realities. These dilemmas enabled to expose actual conditions of elementary science practical work and teachers' challenges otherwise can not be seen easily. Science teacher educators also can get some implications to overcome the gap between theory and practice in their teacher education.
Analysis of the Elementary School Students' Views about Lab-based Science Learning
Cho, Hyun-Jun ; Yang, Il-Ho ; Jeong, Jae-Hoon ; Shin, Ae-Kyung ; Sohn, Jung-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 117~133
The purpose of this study was to investigate the elementary students' views about lab-based science learning. For the purpose of this study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with thirty sixth grade students in 12 classes from two elementary schools located in Daegu City. The interview contents consisted of three major categories. The first category was related to attitude toward science lab, the second was related to lab-based science learning which had four sub-categories; recognizing lesson object, planning experiment, performing experiment, drawing conclusion in lab-based science learning in which the students had ordinary have views and expectations, and the last category was related to students' difficulties and something need to be improved in lab-based science learning. In-depth interviews were performed individually and the interviews were recorded. From the interviews, we found that students, in first category, do like lab-activities more than lectures or instruction-based activities in textbook. Students, in second category, wanted generally more discussion for their own activities rather than teacher's instruction and they wanted teacher' mediation conflicts within small groups and comments for students' experiment results. In the last, most of students had fears for some dangerous reagents and accidents. Based on the results, the study suggested that teacher need to give their students to autonomous discussion opportunities to design and interpret data through teacher' guided questions in inquiry steps, to produce some intimate atmosphere for active interaction in small groups, and to teach the safety education on some dangerous reagents.
The Understanding of Elementary School Teachers on the Current Science Issues
Jhun, Young-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 134~143
We investigated the understanding of elementary school teachers on the current science issues. As a first step of the research, we choose 10 science issues which are influencing current society. Then we asked 119 elementary school teachers in Seoul, Inchon and Daejeon how important they think and how much they know the issues. As a result, we found that almost elementary school teachers know much on alternative energy, atomic bomb, nuclear power generation and global warming while they less know about high technology as Korean supersonic trainer(
) and Synchrotron radiation accelerator. Also we know that teachers take an interest on the articles about current science issues only for a while and forget to study on the issues for themselves. It is more important than whatever for the teachers to have exact understanding on current science issues in order to make civil society by acquiring the science literacy. Therefore elementary teachers and preliminary teachers should have a chance to study on current science issues. We suggest that teacher communities should be supported to improve the competency by cooperation.
The Influence of Mother's Characteristics on Elementary School Students' Attitudes toward Science
Lee, Soo-Jin ; Jeong, Jin-Su ; Chun, Jae-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 144~157
The purpose of this study was to analyse the influence of mother's characteristics on elementary school students' attitudes toward science. Elementary school students (N=667) and their mothers (N=681) were selected from three other regions, big city, small city, and country. Attitudes toward science and supports for scientific activities were measured by two kinds of instruments. The instrument for the measurement of attitudes toward science includes three scales: cognition about value of science, affection toward science & science learning, and cognitive participation in scientific activities. And the instrument to measure parents' support for scientific activities includes two scales: indirect support and direct support. This research showed that mothers' various characteristics resulted in a difference in students' attitudes toward science. And there were positive correlations between students' attitudes toward science and their mothers' attitudes toward science and support for scientific activities. Also mothers' attitudes toward science and support for scientific activities affected students' attitudes. Especially, mothers' personal interest in science and her mental and physical supports for children's scientific activities had a close relation with students' attitudes toward science.
Analysis on the Uses of the External Representations in the
Grade Science Textbooks Developed Under the 7th National Curriculum
Kang, Hun-Sik ; Yoon, Ji-Hyun ; Lee, Dae-Hyung ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 158~169
The purpose of this study was to analyze the uses of the external representations in the
grade science textbooks developed under the 7th National Curriculum on the basis of the theories and the research results on learning with the multiple representations. The results showed that the frequencies of the macroscopic external representations were higher than those of the symbolic external representations. The external representations with drawing and/or writing, especially writing, were used more frequently than those without drawing and/or writing. However, the most of the external representations were rarely used according to the principles and/or the theories (e.g., personalization principle, dual coding theory, cognitive load theory, and social constructivism theory) for effective uses of the multiple external representations in the science textbooks. The present study provides the guideline to establish the effective uses of the external representations in the science textbooks that not only meet learners but also teachers.
Case Study of Interaction between Novice and Expert Teachers in Science Teacher Association
Hong, Jun-Euy ; Shin, Young-Joon ; Jhun, Young-Seok ; Shin, Myeong-Kyeong ; Cho, Su-Min ; Lee, Soo-Ah ; Choi, Jung-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 170~178
In this research, we observed the co-works among novice and expert science teachers who were involved in a science teacher association and explored their interactions. The science teacher association is K-12 science teachers' gathering near Seoul. This study is a case study with the participant observation and the private interview of 8 novice teachers and 3 expert teachers. Based on the collected data, interaction between novice and expert teachers was categorized as seven types; question and answer, demonstration, presentation, co-working, providing materials, listening, and showing interest. Several factors supporting such an active interaction were derived from this study; 1) Teachers perceived well about the importance and the merits of co-working with other science teachers. 2) The open and cooperative environment of the science teacher association supported teachers' interaction. 3) There were tasks that teachers needed to co-work such as the science fair and the science camp. 4) There were opportunities of interactions for publishing books and developing modules. 5) Lots of expert teachers were willing to help and co-work with novice teachers. We found that novice teachers could continue to grow in terms of the professional development under interactive, continuing and cooperative environment with expert teachers.
The Effects of the Causal Thinking Activity of LTTS Program on Science Process Skills of Elementary School Students
Yeon, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Sun-Ja ; Park, Jong-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 179~188
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of the causal thinking activity of Let's Think Through Science(LTTS) program on causal thinking and science process skills of elementary school students. Four classes of 4th graders (N=119) from a elementary school were divided into the control and the experimental groups. Causal thinking activity of LTTS program was used with the experimental group, while the normal curriculum was conducted with the control group. Both groups were given a pre-post test on causal thinking abilities and science process skills. And the experimental group was given 15- item questionnaires analyzing of perception on LTTS program. This study revealed that causal thinking activity of the LTTS program were effective on the development of students' causal thinking abilities and science process skills. ANCOVA results revealed that the scores of causal thinking abilities for the experimental group significantly higher than those of the control group. In the sub-tests of the causal thinking abilities all categories were effective. And ANCOVA results of the science process skills were also effective. Science process elements of observation, recognizing of a problem were significantly higher. And elementary students preferred to the causal thinking activity of LTTS program so that it was interesting, useful, helpful to each other in studying science.
Development and Effects of the Project-Based Learning Instruction Module Using ICT in Elementary School Science Classroom
Lee, Sang-Gyun ; Lee, Yong-Seob ; Kim, Sang-Dal ; Choi, Sung-Bong ; Kim, Sun-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 189~200
The purpose of this study is to find out the effects of learning that has applied instruction module utilizing ICT in project-based learning in elementary science classroom on improvement of the self-directed learning skills and the problem-solving skills. For this purpose, the project based learning instruction module utilizing ICT based was developed and conducted to 2 class consisting of 66 elementary students in the 6th grade to clarify the effects. As a result of the study, first, the instruction module utilizing ICT in project-based learning was effective in improving self-directed learning skills of students. As the subordinate effects of self-directed learning skills it showed improved effects in diagnosing desire to learn, setting goals, basic self-managing ability, selecting learning strategy, durability of practicing learning, making effort for result, and self-examination but it did not show improved effects in figuring out recognition of resources for Learning. Second, it was effective in improving the problem-solving skills of students. As the subordinate effects of problem-solving skills it showed improved effects in problem recognition, information gathering, analysis, thinking prior to dissemination, planning skill, and evaluation but it did not show effect on decision making, implementation & risk-taking and feedback.
The Development of Instrument for Evaluating Web Site about Elementary Science Education
Song, Myung-Seub ; Choi, Gwang-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 201~209
The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for evaluating quality of the web site about elementary science education. Eight experienced specialists (three elementary science education specialists and five elementary school teachers engaging) in elementary science education verified content validity twice. The evaluation criteria for elementary school science were considering aspects of the characteristic and the quality of web site. The evaluation criteria can be categorized as being in five areas, fifty-seven items. The five areas were a purpose, a credibility, an efficiency, a data-type, an interactivity. Four web sites were analyzed for the subject of this study. Evaluators were nine elementary school teachers, who were educated in the use of instrument. The developed evaluation instrument in this study is considered valid and reliable. The content validity is 91.1%, and the reliability has a Cronbach's
of .82. The developed evaluation instrument in this study will verify the quality of web site, provide teachers and students with efficient information about elementary science education. In addition it suggests guidelines about design and devise web site to instructional developer or subject-matter expert.