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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Elementary Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Nov 2010
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Aug 2010
Volume 29, Issue 2 - May 2010
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
The Effect of Instruction using Movies on the Attitude toward Science and Learning Achievements in Elementary Students
Kwon, Nan-Joo ; Lee, Jae-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2010, Pages 113~123
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of instruction using movies on the attitude toward science and learning achievements in Elementary Students. For this study, it was chosen two classes of the fifth grades in H elementary school in Gyeonggi province. One class was an experiment group and the other class was a control group. Instruction using movies was applied to the experimental group and instruction using data of site T-nara that most teachers are using usually present was applied to the control group. Instruction using movies composed of seven steps was administered during the school hours. The results of this study were as follows. First, instruction using movies was positive effect in the Attitude toward Science. Second, there was significance between the score of the learning achievements of the experimental group and control group by instruction using movies. Third, there were many positive reactions of students about instruction using movies.
Changes in Problem Recognition and Perceptions of Learning Environments of Elementary Students through Inquiry Questioning Activity
Shin, Myeong-Kyeong ; Kim, Hyo-Suk ; Lee, Heui-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2010, Pages 124~133
The study presents preliminary research on how science activities focusing on problem recognition worked and affected students' perception of their learning environment in a sixth science classroom. The science activities were based on the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) which was suggested by Keys, Hand, Prain & Collins (1999), where problem recognition was an important part of scientific inquiry. For developing the working sheets for the modified SWH in this study, analyses of target units of 6th grade science curriculum in the aspects of problem recognition were conducted. After consecutive 6 classes with the developed working sheets for sixth graders, the student working sheets for each lesson were collected and analyzed. In order to investigate the developed units' affect on student learning, students' perceptions of their learning environment were administered before and after the applied classes. Students working sheets and questionnaires on their perceptions of learning environment indicated that students perceived that the science activities were more student-centered classes where students had active discussion and dialogue with one another giving them more chances to actively take part in the class as well as they used more properly recognized their inquiry problem.
A Study on the Readability of Elementary School Science Textbooks
Koh, Han-Joong ; Song, Jeong-Mee ; Kang, Suk-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2010, Pages 134~143
The purpose of this study is to devise a new method for examining the readabilities of textbooks and to compare the readabilities of elementary school science textbooks. Third and sixth grade science textbooks were compared in terms of word, sentence, and paragraph in this study. In the word analyses, criterion suggested by Kim (2003) who classified about 238,000 words into seven categories according to their educational importances was adopted. In this study, the words from 3rd and 6th grade science textbooks were classified into four categories, and then the kinds and frequencies of words in each category were investigated. In the sentence analyses, sentences were classified either a simple sentence or a compound/complex sentence, and the ratios of each type were calculated. The average number of words in a sentence was also calculated in the sentence analyses. The ratios of conjunctions and demonstratives were examined in the paragraph analyses. The results indicated that both the kinds and frequencies of words in 3rd grade science textbook were smaller than those of 6th grade one. However, both science textbooks were similar in the distributions of words across the four categories. The ratio of simple sentences in 3rd grade science textbook was higher than that of 6th grade one, and the length of a sentence in 3rd grade science textbook was also shorter than that of 6th grade one. Both the ratios of conjunctions and demonstratives in 3rd grade science textbook were lower than those of 6th grade one.
A Perceptions about the Creative Writing of Elementary Pre-service Teachers
Kim, Yun-Ji ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2010, Pages 144~154
This study was conducted among elementary pre-service teachers who participated in creative story writing exercises related to science. It aimed at analyzing their perceptions, based on their own experiences in the story writing exercises, about story writing as a pedagogic method, to discover the implications on science education. First, creative story writing exercises were carried out over a period of eight weeks by 114 elementary pre-service teachers at a college of education, all of whom were non-science majors taking a course on earth science as a liberal arts elective. Afterward, an open-ended survey was conducted among them to discover their attitudes and opinions, both as students and as teachers-to-be. The majority of the subjects expressed a positive opinion about creative story writing as a pedagogic tool, stating that they would apply it in their future teaching by telling stories they wrote or having students write their own compositions. Pre-service teachers conclude a creative writing improves students' studying, leads interest and motivation. In addition, it linked with daily life and other school subjects. Creative story writing, when used at colleges of education, has didactic value as an empirical exercise for pre-service teachers who are not majoring in science.
Self-concept and Teaching Anxiety of Elementary School Teachers about Inquiry Instruction in the Science Class
Jang, Eun-Jin ; Kwon, Chi-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2010, Pages 155~165
The purpose of this study is to look into self-concept and teaching anxiety of elementary school teachers about inquiry instruction in science class, and investigate correlations among them. For this study, the survey was carried out on 338 elementary school teachers, and the interview was conducted with 5 of them. The results of this study are as follows; Self-concept of elementary school teachers about inquiry instruction in science class was more positive than usual. And the teachers who were male, older and majored in science education showed more affirmative self-concept about inquiry instruction in science class. Teaching anxiety of elementary school teachers about inquiry instruction in science class was less than usual. And the teachers who were male, older and majored in science education showed less teaching anxiety about inquiry instruction in science class. The correlation of self-concept and teaching anxiety of elementary school teachers about inquiry instruction in science class was an negative interrelation. This presents that the teachers, who have more positive self-concept about inquiry instruction in science class, have less teaching anxiety than those who have more negative one. Consequently, teacher training and retraining programs should be developed and conducted by grasping teachers' self-concept and their anxiety, to reduce anxiety about inquiry instruction in science class.
A Comparative Analysis of Astronomy Areas in the Elementary Science Textbooks of Korea and the U.S.A.
Kwon, Kye-Hyeon ; Park, Il-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2010, Pages 166~185
Astronomy areas in the elementary science textbooks of Korea and the U.S.A. have been compared to find advantages and disadvantages of Korean textbooks. The analysis objects are the 7th national curriculum science textbooks for Korea and the Macmillan McGraw-Hill(MMH) science textbooks for the U.S.A. The results are as follows: First, in contexts, Korean science textbooks contain mostly inquiry activities and partly reading materials. However, MMH ones contain mostly explanations including photographs, related activities, and various reading materials. Second, in the contents and order, the observation activities of constellations are emphasized in Korean science textbooks, while the MMH ones explain solar system up to the universe in details. In addition, Korean science textbooks deal with one subject only once during the whole elementary course while MMH ones deal with one subject repeatedly in several grades. Third, in the frameworks of the international mathematics and science study (TIMSS) 2007, Korean science textbooks do not introduce some contents presented in TIMSS 2007, whereas MMH textbooks introduce every one of them in time. Fourth, the major subjects such as change of moon phases, constellations, the solar system, and change of seasons are handled independently in Korean science textbooks without strong correlation, while they are systematically done related with the rotation and the revolution of the earth in MMH ones.
Development and Application of Science Drawing Program to Improve Science Process Skills
Park, Mi-Jin ; Lee, Yong-Seob ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2010, Pages 186~194
The purpose of this study is developing a Science Drawing Program to improve Science Process Skills and examining the effect of it. For this study two classes (missed classes with boys and girls) of 3th grade students participated and the subject of the instruction was domain of Air and Weather. The result of this study were as follows: First, the Science Drawing Program was effective in improving the science process skills. Development and Application of the Science Drawing Program brought positive effects especially on the observation, measurement, reasoning power. Second, student showed positive recognition on the Science Drawing Program. Many students showed interests and want to use it in class. And they thought Drawing Program helpful in their learning. Therefore the Science Drawing Program is very effective method in science education.
Development and Application of Elementary Science Education Programs for Changing Students' Scientific Research Ethical Views
Lee, Ha-Yan ; Jang, Shin-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2010, Pages 195~206
The purposes of this study were to develop science education programs for changing students' science research ethical views, and to investigate the types and features of their views, and to examine their changes overtime. The subject of this study was one 6th grade class(41 students) at an elementary school located in Seoul. The scientific research ethical education programs developed in the study was applied through 8 lessons over 4 weeks. The results of this study show that 3 types of science research ethical views were appeared in elementary students participated in this study: 'human technology centered views', 'value ecology centered views' and the mixed views. The numbers of students, who changed their views from type I or type II to type III, were significantly increased. Students with type III appeared to actively involve in classroom activities aligned with science research ethical issues. The results imply that intended science ethical education program can affect students' ethical views on science. It is also important to aware that teacher's effective assistance and help contribute to students' meaningful changes on their traditional scientific ethical views. Educational implications on science education are discussed.
Development and Application of Open Inquiry Program : Focusing on the Students' Traits of Science Inquiring Ability and Repeated Feedback
Chang, Jin-A ; Jhun, Young-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2010, Pages 207~218
The revised curriculum in 2007 adds an open inquiry approach to increase students' creativity and interest in science. Because it is the first time for elementary students to perform the open inquiry due to the national curriculum, it is essential that teachers give students' successful experiences in order to build a positive impression about inquiry activity. The purpose of this research is to develop and apply the open inquiry program. The research findings are as follows: First, we analyzed the students' traits of open inquiry ability during the program. The third and fourth grade students showed weakness in operating and inquiring abilities. They also feared failure and were unable to concentrate in classes which were based on explanation or discussion. When students had unexpected results, however, their inquiring abilities and creativeness increased considerably. Additionally there were some students who were stressed during the science-inquiry activity, due to no interest in science and an inability to think scientifically. Second, we developed an open inquiry program for elementary students. The program was modified, reflected upon the students' traits during open inquiry in class. Through repeated feedback like this, we completed the program. Third, for those who studied in the lessons there was a meaningful change in students' science inquiry abilities and abilities to perform 'formulating a hypothesis' and 'the control of variables'. These students' level of self-inquiry performance improved steadily. Moreover, they obtained a strong attachment to their inquiry and understood the method of quantitative experiments.
The Types of Analogy Generation Processes and the Perceptions of Analogy Generation on Saturated Solution of Fifth Grade Scientifically-gifted and General Elementary Students
Noh, Tae-Hee ; Yang, Chan-Ho ; Kang, Hun-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2010, Pages 219~232
In this study, we investigated and compared the types of analogy generation processes and the perceptions of analogy generation on saturated solution of fifth grade scientifically-gifted and general elementary students. After the instruction of self-generating analogies on 'saturated solution' concept for two classes, 12 scientifically-gifted and 8 general elementary students were interviewed to explore their analogy generation processes and the perceptions of the abilities required in the processes, the conditions of good analogies, and the advantages/disadvantages of analogy generation. The results revealed that their analogy generation processes were classified into three types. The scientifically-gifted students generated the analogies in more systematic and efficient ways and had better understanding of the important parts in the processes than the general elementary students. They also suggested more concrete and various ideas about the conditions of good analogies. Many scientifically-gifted and general elementary students thought that analogy generation would have positive influences on the developments of the cognitive aspects such as various higher-level thinking abilities and understanding of science concepts as well as the affective aspects such as science learning motivation and interest. Educational implications of these findings are discussed.
The Application of the Instruction Consulting Model in Elementary Science Lesson
Choi, Sun-Young ; Kim, Ji-Yeoun ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 2, 2010, Pages 233~241
The purpose of this study was to apply the instruction consulting model for elementary science lesson with novice teacher. In this study the PIE(Preparation, Implementation and Evaluation stage) instruction consulting model was used. This model was introduced and offered during the electromagnet unit for sixth graders. The results of this study were as follows. First, in the assessment of the teacher's satisfaction with the instruction consulting the client teacher was found to be very satisfied. Second, the inquiry and scientific achievement for the students of the client's class were to increase in the experimental group, which demonstrated a statistically significant difference. Given the above results, the instruction consulting applied with the PIE model for novice teachers, who desire to raise the success rate of the experiment for students in the electromagnet unit of the elementary science class, helped the teachers to teach the students.