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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Elementary Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Nov 2010
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Aug 2010
Volume 29, Issue 2 - May 2010
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Effects of Self-regulated Learning on Academic Self-regulation, Science Achievement and Science Related Affective Domains
Chung, Young-Lan ; Ahn, Mi-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 389~400
This study is focused on analyzing effects of Self-regulated learning on Academic self-regulation, Science achievement and Science Related Affective Domains. The subjects of this study were sampled from fifth grades of a elementary school in Seoul, 61 students. One class (31 students) out of selected two classes was applied to Self regulated learning Teaching Model, the other (30 students) took conventional methods of teaching. The experiment proceeded for 21 weeks, 51 times of classes. According to the results of this study, Self-regulated learning improved the children's Academic self regulation ability. Self-regulated learning improved the children's science achievement. Self-regulated learning improved the children's Science Related Affective Domains. Furthermore, six distinct dimensions of Academic self-regulation have correlation with scientific attitudes, interests of Science Related Affective Domains.
A Study of the Kinds and Frequency Characteristics of Descriptors in the Articles Related to Scientific Literacy
Lee, Myeong-Je ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 401~413
This study analyzed the kinds and frequencies of descriptors in 154 articles in ERIC data base on the 4th day of January in 2010. The titles of the articles includes the words, 'scientific literacy'. As each descriptor is constituted of two words and over, in this study the first word in the descriptor was defined as 'restrictive word' and the rest word(s) as 'target word(s)'. The results are as follows. First, the descriptors which show high frequencies of target words are the traditionally important themes of scientific literacy education. Target words which show relatively high frequency are 'education', 'literacy', 'instruction' and 'countries'. Low frequency word is 'curriculum', which has various restrictive words and represents wide differentiation. Second, among the descriptors which show low frequencies of target words, relatively high frequency descriptors are '(and)society', 'change', 'secondary education', 'concepts', and 'biology', which have been given more attention in scientific literacy research than the rest descriptors. Third, the number of the descriptors that shows largely distributed pattern A, which happens over 15 years continuously, is over the half of all analyzed descriptors, which shows that they have been the major objectives in researches about scientific literacy. Most descriptors of pattern A shows normal distribution of frequency or the trends of increasing frequency as the time is nearer. Fourth, The descriptors are divided into four groups according to the time span. Each research trends are as follows. In later 80s, the research which emphasizes the importance of the sociality and technology in all level school science curriculum. In later 90s the research for educational change of inquiry-centered science curriculum which considers technological literacy in social contexts. In earlier 2000s the research that scientists and science teachers develop science curricula mostly related to scientific principles and thinking in chemistry and biology especially. In later 2000s case studies which relates teaching methods and science process activities to students' attitudes, scientific concepts and curricula.
Analysis of Elementary Students' Scientific Justification Activities based on Evidence
Jang, Shin-Ho ; Jeong, Su-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 414~426
For this study, inquiry-based learning program was developed for promoting elementary students' scientific justification activities based on their uses of scientific evidences. The program was applied to the 5th grade science class to examine the types of evidences and major features of scientific justification activities. Analysis of the data showed that the evidences used by students were classified into knowledge-based evidence, experience-based evidence and authority-based evidence. As for students' justification features, this study reports three major cases: a case evolving evidence and justification to become more valid and logical, as inquiry activities progressed, other case maintaining less valid and illogical evidence and justification, and final case revealing passive and reluctant participation in the inquiry activities. Overall, students' participation in scientific justification process became more valid and relevant, while there were some students who were unable to make the relevant relations between evidences and claims they made. The educational implications were discussed to consider more effective ways to improve the scientific classroom environment through social knowledge construction.
Development of Science Writing Teaching Strategy and Its Application to Elementary Science Classes
Koo, Sul-Ki ; Park, Il-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 427~440
The purpose of this study is to develop a science writing teaching strategy, and to apply it to the fourth-graders in elementary science classes. We examined its effect on their motivation, attitude, and understanding of science concept. For the research fourth grade children were grouped into three classes: an experimental class A of 27 children, an experimental class B of 24 and a comparative class of 27. All of them are from H elementary school in Seoul, Korea. Experimental class A learned science writing with a newly developed strategy while experimental class B learned science writing in a traditional method. Comparative class did not learn science writing. As a result, class A showed positive changes on students' science motivation, attitude, and understanding of science concept. In addition, class B with even one science writing task for a chapter had higher achievement in the understanding of science concept than the comparative class had.
An Analysis on the Level of Elementary Gifted Students' Argumentation in Scientific Inquiry
Lim, Jae-Keun ; Song, Yun-Mi ; Song, Mi-Sun ; Yang, Il-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 441~450
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of elementary gifted students' argumentation and examine the special features of argumentation founded in scientific inquiry. 28 students were selected in the special education center for the gifted in K National University. They were organized 8 groups of 3~4 students and engaged in scientific inquiry activity. The researcher wasn't involved in students' inquiry activity and argumentation except for the guiding and introducing their activity. In the first session, each group carried out the experiment 'Putting a heated can in the water' and then, the students discussed to probe their experimental results and build their explanation. In the second session, each group presented their experiment results and evidence from their experiment justifying their claims, and had questions from other groups. The protocol data during 8 groups' argumentations were analyzed using 'Rubric for Scientific Argumentation Assessment' (Yang et al., 2009) in three domains- the form, content and attitude. As a result, in form domain, almost groups were rated 2 points due to their argument without rebuttal on the subcategory of 'composition', but they got a good grade above 3 points in subcategory such as 'claim', 'ground', and 'conclusion'. In content domain, almost groups got points above 3 points. In attitude domain, there were some striking contrast between each groups. Six groups got good score more than 4 points on the subcategory of openness, but two groups, they alleged and got score below 3 point. While the 6 groups of all got 4 points in the aspect of participation, 3 groups got 3 points lower than because they only just asserted and not interact with other groups. Throughout the argumentation, two features were found that; as time goes by, arguments were refined; Students tended to use their prior to knowledge rather than evidence such as experimental data in making claims and conclusions.
Perception of Teacher and Student on the Practice of Elementary Science Class
Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Yeo, Sang-Ihn ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 451~464
This study examined the perception of teachers and students on the practice of elementary science class. For this study, an examination tool was made by extracting characteristics of good science class through precedent study investigation and revising it in a questionnaire form of a Likert scale, and conducted to 194 elementary teachers and 320 elementary students. As a result of the study, teachers generally perceived science class positively and teachers with career more than 6 years thought it more positively than them with career less than 5 years. Consequently students have a substantially positive perception level about the practice of the elementary science class, and students of 3th and 4th grade perceived science class positively than 5th and 6th grade in all domains. Finally when analyzing perception difference between teachers and students about the practice of the elementary science class, it appeared that students perceived science class more positively than teachers in most questions.
The Influences of Scientific Inquiry-based Peer Teaching Experiences on Pre-service Elementary Teachers' Affective Features
Lee, In-Sun ; Jo, Son-Mi ; Jang, Shin-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 465~473
The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of scientific inquiry-based peer teaching experience on pre-service elementary teachers' science teaching efficacy, anxiety to science and attitude toward science. The participants of this study included 118 pre-service teachers. The pre-post paired t-test design was implemented to examine the effect of this program. In addition, the semi-structured interviews were carried out for investigating their changes of affective characteristics. The result of this study showed that inquiry-based peer teaching provided pre-service teachers with the opportunities to enhance their science teaching efficacy and attitude toward science and reduce their anxiety to science. The findings imply that it is possible to meaningfully change elementary teachers' affective characteristics when effective strategies are adequately adopted.
Preservice Elementary School Teachers' Awareness of Students' Misconceptions about Science Topics
Han, Su-Jin ; Kang, Suk-Jin ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 474~483
In this study, we investigated preservice elementary school teachers' awareness of students' misconceptions about several science topics, and the variables influencing their awareness. Seniors (N=106) from an university of education were asked to predict elementary school students' misconceptions on science topics such as phase changes and dissolution. Their conceptions about teaching and learning were also measured. The results indicated that the preservice teachers' predictions about the kinds and/or the ratios of students' misconceptions were different from those reported in previous studies. The low level preservice teachers in terms of the degrees of possessing traditional conception about teaching and learning predicted more students' common misconceptions. The degrees of preservice teachers' constructivist conception about teaching and learning and their major, however, did not significantly influence the numbers of common misconceptions predicted.
Changes in Geological Contents Knowledge and Self-confidence of Pre-service Elementary Teachers before and after Geological Field Trips
Lee, Myeon-U ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 484~495
The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in geological contents knowledge and self-confidence before and after the geological field trips. Fifty seven undergraduate students at a national university of education participated in this study. The questionnaires were developed by the researcher to serve the purpose. Findings were as follows. First, before and after the geological field trip, there was no significant difference in changes of geological content knowledge (p<.05). However, participants' self-confidence about the geological field trip changed significantly (p<.01). Second, there were no significant differences in changes of both variables in terms of gender (p<.05). And in this study, participants were grouped into two: science track that selected science areas and non-science track with social study selected in the college scholastic ability test. There were also no significant differences in changes of geological contents knowledge and self-confidence in terms of science or non-science track (p<.05). Third, in terms of the geological content knowledge, 24 pre-service teachers showed an increase, 12 students unchanged, and the 21 participants decreased. In contrast, per participants' self-confidence about the geological field trip, fifty three students indicated an increase with only one participant unchanged, and three preservice teachers decreased on the score. Finally, after the geological field trip, participants' comments indicated that they could feel the mystery of nature with the mind of a great experience. As a result, data showed that pre-service teachers became interested in geology, and motivated more in learning geological area than ever.
An Analysis of Students' Drawing Outcomes and Drawing Activities in the First Term of 3~4th Grade Teacher's Guide and Supplementary Books Developed under the 2007 National Curriculum
Park, Heon-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 496~504
In this study, we analyzed request methods and demanding levels of drawing activities in teacher's guide and supplementary book (experimental observation). Student's drawing results were also compared to teacher's guide and supplementary books demanding. As a result, drawing activities of supplementary book were reached to 42.8% of all activities. Activity types were divided to writing, drawing, writing and drawing and writing or drawing activities. Writing and drawing activity type was 44.4%, and drawing activity was 37.8%. The level of teacher's guide were higher than normal needs. But answer examples and learning levels of teacher's guide were appropriate for curriculum levels. The students drawing activities were matched to requirements of the teacher's guide to 72.3% in grade 3 level and 64.5% in 4th grade level. In order to improve effectively learning, statement of supplementary book and teacher's guide should write more concrete words and creative sentences.
Analyzing Coherence of Evidences and Claims Presented in Elementary Students' Science Writing for Inquiry Activities
Lee, Sung-Hee ; Shin, Myeong-Kyeong ; Lee, Gyu-Ho ; Lee, Sun-Kyung ; Kwon, Nan-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 505~514
This study aims to explore group inquiry using science writing heuristic in elementary school science. We observed and examined what elementary students experienced in their science classes and moreover how they used their data to support their claims in the view point of scientific epistemology. The research question of this study is 'what is the result of coherence measurement for figuring out the relationship between argument and ground in group inquiry activity?'. To solve the study question, one fifth-grade class at an elementary school was selected. Four lessons in group inquiry using a worksheet of science writing heuristic were videotaped and transcribed. It was found that the hours of group inquiry when students can discuss meaningfully occupied approximately 37 to 45%. When measuring coherence in each lesson by developing a scale from one to five to estimate the coherence of the work sheet designed, the total average was 3.424. It implicated that students had their claims supported by some of their evidences. Although the figure was not enough to assist that they found strong bonds between their claims and data, they started to move forward to epistemological approach in their science lab works.
Analysis of Elementary School Teachers' Laboratory Instruction Process through Experiments from Science Laboratory and Engineering Laboratory
Lim, Jae-Keun ; Lee, So-Ree ; Yang, Il-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 515~525
The purpose of this study was to analyze of how the elementary school teachers lead their classes of a science laboratory instruction and an engineering laboratory instruction in a science subject class. For this study, science laboratory and engineering laboratory lessons were selected and for each science and engineering laboratory lesson, five elementary school teachers were video-recorded of their lessons. The science and engineering laboratory lessons were analyzed by utilizing processes of the science model and the engineering model based on Schauble et al. (1991). The results of these studies are as follows: In science laboratory instruction, some participants didn't distinguish the difference between the science laboratory goal and the engineering laboratory goal. All of participants used search and end strategy of engineering laboratory for science laboratory lesson. In engineering laboratory instruction, all of participants guided to students engineering laboratory goal and used inferences and search strategy of engineering laboratory. However they didn't use the trial and error strategy or redesign which can be an essential element in engineering and design process. Educational implications are discussed.
A Comparative Analysis of Elementary Students' Content Understanding and Perceptions by Different Types of Informational Science Texts
Lim, Hee-Jun ; Kim, Yeon-Sang ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 526~537
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two different types of texts, which were narrative and expository, on the understanding of content. Elementary students' perceptions of the two types of the texts were also investigated. In the comparison of the effects on the understanding of the text contents, test scores of mind-mapping, closed-answer question, and essay test were used. The analyses of mind-mapping tests showed narrative text was more effective to figure out main concepts of the text throughout the mind-mapping test. But expository text was more effective in the hierarchical organization of the concepts. In the closed-answer questions and essay test, narrative text was more effective than expository text. However when the contents of text were difficult and complex, there was no meaningful difference between the two types of texts. The analyses of students' perceptions of the texts showed that narrative texts were preferred. Students perceived that the narrative text was more interesting and familiar. However, the perceptions of helpful text for their science learning were not different by the types of texts.
The Effects of Science Experiment Program for Low-income Family Children on Science Attitude, Self-Esteem, Self-Competence, and Creativity
Lee, Seok-Hee ; Kim, Eun-Jin ; Kong, Ji-Young ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 538~551
This study examined the beneficial effects of the science experiment program for Low-Income Family Children (LIFC) on their science attitude, self-esteem, self-competence, and creativity. The study involved 432 elementary school children of Low-Income Family who were divided two groups as an experimental group with 228 and a control group with 204. The experimental group was given by the science experimental program, whereas the control group was given by ordinary education programs for LIFC, such as supplementary education or after school care. The data about science attitude, creativity, self-esteem, and self-competence of two group children's were collected and analyzed by four kinds of tests on each domain before and after implementing the science experiment program. During the period of the science experiment program, the children who were given the program were observed and reported by the program lecturers and the teachers, who worked at the after school care. The results are as follows; First, there was statistically significant increase on the average points of the experimental group on the three domains except self-esteem from the intra-group analysis. Second, there was also statistically significance between the scores of two groups on the creativity, self-esteem, self-competence from the inter-group analysis. Third, it was reported that the children who were experienced the program were changed positive on their personality and school learning.
A Case Study of Multidisciplinary Integrated Science Lesson by Beginning Teacher and Experienced Teacher in Elementary Schools
Lee, Yu-Mi ; Son, Yeon-A ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 552~566
This paper is an in-depth case study to analyze integrated elementary science lesson planning and practical teaching by two teachers at an urban elementary schools. One is an experienced teacher and the other is a beginning teacher. For this study, researchers asked teachers to design 5 stages of lesson planning after sharing basic theories about the integrated science education. The first of the 5 lesson planning stages is curriculum analysis and choice of integrated science topic. The second stage is constructing the frame of integrated science lesson contents, and the third is drawing a diagram of the integrated science lesson development. The fourth stage is making a table of lesson plans, and the last stage is writing integrated science lesson plans. Then, the teachers implemented the lessons they created. They taught students one unit of science which is composed of 8 lessons. Difficulties that teachers meet during designing plans and integrated science class were analyzed. 5 staged lesson planning, video transcriptions, teacher interview about lesson planning and teaching, researchers' checklists, reports of inspection classes, teachers' self evaluation, and students interviews were used for this study. One of the significant results of this study is that both experienced and beginning teachers had many difficulties in deciding on time to teach and contents of science and other subjects, as well as selection and organization of whole topics of integrated science teaching. The beginning teacher especially had greater issues with developing definite teaching-learning strategy to conduct thoughts and views for integrated science at the whole unit and each lesson. However, the experienced teacher was using various teaching-learning strategies by utilizing integrated science teaching professionalism to develop students' integrated thinking ability during the instruction of other subjects. The outcomes of this study are that both teachers could deeply understand the need and value of integrated science education at the elementary school through planning and teaching 8 lessons, and that they could have self-confidence with development of teaching professionalism for integrated science teaching. It may be possible that this study could help the development of pre- and in-service program for improvement of integrated science teaching professionalism for elementary school teacher.
Effects of 5E Learning-Cycle Model on Science Academic Achievements, Science Process Skill and Scientific Attitude of Elementary School Students
Dong, Hyo-Kwan ; Song, Mi-Young ; Shin, Young-Joon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 29, issue 4, 2010, Pages 567~575
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of academic achievements, science process skill and scientific attitude. The subjects of this study were 68 fourth-grade elementary school students who were 33 students for the 5E learning cycle instruction and 35 students for traditional instruction. The control group was taught with traditional teaching method, while the experimental group was taught 'the change to the volume of material due to heat' unit of 4th grade with the developed learning cycle model. The results were as fellows: First, the learning cycle instruction is more effective for understanding of a concept related to the change to the volume of material due to heat. Second, the learning cycle model seems more effective for the expansion of both scientific inquiry ability and scientific attitude.