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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Elementary Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Nov 2011
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Aug 2011
Volume 30, Issue 2 - May 2011
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
The Learning Effect of Elementary School Environment Education Program by the Reflective Thinking Strategy
Kim, Bo-Ram ; Shim, Kew-Cheol ; So, Keum-Hyun ; Yeau, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 3, 2011, Pages 271~281
The environmental education is based on the assumption that accurate knowledge and attitude could be linked to real action, but those have no effect on changing the behavior. To effect the change in behavior, we need to consider the reflective thinking which can make people change their behavior. The strategies to accelerate the reflective thinking are five steps of the reflective thinking process and the interaction through the discussion of students. And also, it is more proper if the contents are based on the real experiences of the students. Thus, this study tried to know whether the improvement of reflective thinking was able to affect to the environmental behavior. The environment education program was applied to the 60 elementary school 6th grade students in Gyeonggi-do and the survey methods were presented in the general experimental curriculum. To study 6th subjects (energy, harmful chemical material, heavy metal and agricultural chemicals, food additive, environmental friendly consumption, and recycle) was developed. This study shows the effect of the program on the environment knowledge, the environment behavior, the level of reflective-thinking and communication ability.
Analysis of Relation between Features of Sixth Grade Elementary Students' Epistemological Beliefs about Science and Factors Related Students' Learning
Won, Jeong-Ae ; Paik, Seoung-Hey ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 3, 2011, Pages 282~295
Prior research has reported that student epistemological beliefs might affect their participation in learning and the process of conceptual change. The purposes of this study were to investigate the characteristics of sixth grade students epistemological beliefs about science and the relation between their epistemological beliefs about science and factors related their learning. For this research questions, 245 sixth grade students participated and various test instruments were used in this study. Students answered two types of questionnaires on epistemological beliefs about science and three test instruments on factors related students' learning(achievement in science, science inquiry skills, and cognitive levels). The results of this study were as follows. First, a large number of elementary school students believed that the purpose of science to perform activities like simple experiments. A lot of students believed that scientific knowledge was changeable according to the nature of scientific knowledge and that scientific knowledge could be learnt on their own. Also, many students believed experiment results to be basis on which to form personal scientific conceptions. Second, students who believed in more modern epistemology about science represented higher levels of science learning achievement, science inquiry skills, and cognitive levels. Therefore, when developing science curriculum, science educators need to consider how to develop student modern epistemological beliefs about science.
Elementary School Teachers' Needs about the Teachers' Manual for Science Instruction
Kang, Suk-Jin ; Lim, Hee-Jun ; Yeo, Sang-Ihn ; Choi, Sun-Young ; Sin, Myeong-Gyeong ; Jeong, Yong-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 3, 2011, Pages 296~304
In this study, elementary school teachers' needs for the teachers' manual for science instruction were investigated. The participants were 143 elementary school teachers. The test for needs analysis consisted of thirty-seven 5-point Likert-scaled items: Seven items for the professional knowledge category, fourteen items for the laboratory category, ten items for the instruction category, and six items for the design category, respectively. Teachers' background variables such as sex, age, teaching career, major, and the frequency of using teachers' manuals for science instruction except for the teachers' manuals for science textbooks were also examined. The results indicated that elementary school teachers' needs were generally found to be high, which means they are not satisfied with the current teachers' manuals for science textbooks and/or other teachers' manuals for science instructions. In addition, teachers' needs for the laboratory category tended to be higher than those for the other categories. In several items, elementary school teachers' needs were also found to be different in terms of their characteristics.
Comparison of Characteristics of Analogies on Saturated Solution Generated by Elementary School Teachers, General and Science-Gifted Students
Kang, Hun-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 3, 2011, Pages 305~314
In this study, the analogies on saturated solution generated by elementary school teachers were analyzed in their numbers, materials, and types aspects. The results were also compared with those of general and science-gifted elementary students. A test on the self-generating analogies on the target concept was administered to 111 elementary school teachers, 60 fifth graders at four science-gifted education institutes and 91 fifth graders at three elementary schools. The results revealed that the teachers made more analogies than the general and science-gifted students. In general, both the teachers and the students tended to make the analogies using the materials in family, riding, digestive, and school situations. However, there were a little difference between the teachers and the students in the cases of the analogies using other situations including body/physical activity. Similarly to the cases of the students, the teachers made more functional analogies than structural or structural/functional ones and did more concrete ones than abstract ones. However, they made more verbal, artificial, and enriched analogies than the students. They also made more highly systematic analogies than the general students, and did less ones than the science-gifted students. Educational implications of these findings are discussed.
The PCK Characteristics of Elementary School Teachers in the Classes of 'Making Electric Circuit' Unit
Choi, Kyoung-Sook ; Won, Jeong-Ae ; Paik, Seoung-Hey ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 3, 2011, Pages 315~329
The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristics and the relationships of PCK components of elementary school teacher in the chapter of electric circuit unit. The subjects of this study were two teachers serving as main teachers in the 5th grade and data were collected through qualitative research methods such as questionnaires for teachers, classroom observations and teacher interviews. The collected data were transcribed and then analyzed. Results of analysis showed that teacher A thought that science was a class to explore and study the principles of nature phenomena and scientific knowledge by themselves In addition, teacher A helped students to understand the content by using strategies of analogy. The teacher B conveyed the contents of text without any reconstruction. But teacher B understood the standards of curriculum, and didn't want to teach students over the standards. Based on the analysis, we could conclude that PCK is formed on the basis of knowledge and belief about curriculum and knowledge and belief about learners.
The Effects of Various Instructional Activities using the History of Science on Science Learning Motivation of Elementary School Students
Kang, Yu-Mi ; Shin, Young-Joon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 3, 2011, Pages 330~339
This study was to investigate effects of instruction using the history of science on elementary school students' science learning motivation. Subjects were 48 students of two groups in the 5th Grade in Bucheon City. A Experimental group of 24 was instructed 20 lessons in Unit 1~7 using the history of science for a 11-week period. In this study, the instructional contents were selected by stories about scientists, discoveries or anecdotes about natural phenomena and related learning topics in national science curriculum. And they are presented by writings with pictures, cartoons, PPT materials and a script. Students play various learning activities such as exchanging opinions after reading instructional content, making a book or a newspaper, playing in a drama and representing by picture. A control group of 24 was instructed by traditional teaching methods in same period. To compare difference of instruction effects of the two groups, the score of pre-test and post-test were both estimated by t-test. The results of the study were as follows. Students of experimental group showed statistically a more significant increase in the science learning motivation than control group students (p<.05). Each of attention (A), relevance (R), satisfaction (S) sub-elements of learning motivation were higher in the experimental group and it was showed the instruction using the history of science was effective in improving of science learning motivation.
Development and Application of Tutorial for Conceptual Change on Object Recognition of Scientific Gifted in Elementary School
Lee, Ji-Won ; Kim, Jung-Bok ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 3, 2011, Pages 340~352
The purpose of this study was to analyze effects of teaching materials for elementary science gifted conception about object recognition. Elementary science gifted have misconceptions that they can see in lightness. They can not explain how a shadow is made. This paper reports in-depth investigation on elementary science gifted's understanding of object recognition focusing on process of light. A program is developed to elementary science gifted in the subject matter. The tutorial emphasizing the process of light consists of pre-test, worksheet, and post-test. The Tutorial has 4 steps; darkness and light, light on things, light reached eyes, structure of the eyes. Each steps has 2~4 experiments. Through the tutorial, we expect their misconceptions can be changed into scientific conceptions. For the research and analysis, a questionnaire is posed to 39 elementary science gifted at M Elementary School in D Metropolitan City. The first method of product analysis makes a comparative study of pre-test, post-test score, and hake gain each test. As a result, total score of all student was raised. And hake gain of pre-test(II) is 0.6, hake gain of post-test is 0.68. It is Medium gain. Also, elementary science gifted could understand how we see through the tutorial emphasizing process of light. And their misconceptions can be changed into scientific conceptions.
Pre-service Elementary Teachers' Inquiry on a Model of Magnetism and Changes in Their Views of Scientific Models
Yoon, Hye-Gyoung ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 3, 2011, Pages 353~366
An alternative vision for science inquiry that appears to be important and challenging is model-based inquiry in which students generate, evaluate and revise their explanatory model. Pre-service teachers should be given opportunities to develop and use their mechanistic explanatory models in order to participate in the practice of science and to have a sound understanding of science. With this view, this study described a case of pre-service elementary teachers' scientific modeling in magnetism. The aims of this study were to explore difficulties preservice elementary teachers encountered while they engaged in a model-based inquiry, and to examine how their understandings of the nature of scientific models changed after the model-based inquiry. The data analysis revealed that the pre-service teachers had difficulties in drawing and writing their own thinking because they had little experience of expressing their own science ideas. When asked to predict what would happen, they could not understand what it meant to make a prediction "based on their model". They did not know how to use or consider their model in making a prediction. At the end of the model-based inquiry they reached a final consensus of a best model. However, they were very anxious about whether the model was the "correct" answer. With respect to the nature of scientific models, almost all of the pre-service teachers initially viewed models only as a communication tool among scientists or students and teachers to help understand others' ideas. After the model-based inquiry, however, many of them understood that they could create, test, and revise their "own" models "by themselves". They also realized the key aspects of scientific models that a model can be changed as evidence is accumulated and a model is a knowledge production tool as well as a communication tool. The results indicated that pre-service elementary teachers' understandings of the nature of scientific models and their previous school science experiences could affect their performance on a model-based inquiry, and their experience of scientific modeling could help them enhance their understandings of the nature of scientific models.
The Practice of Discourse Analysis for Evaluating and Reflecting of Pre-service Elementary Teachers' Science Classes in Terms of Information Flow
Lee, Jeong-A ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 3, 2011, Pages 367~378
After pre-service teachers become teachers, traditional patterns of classroom discourse which they had experienced as students affect their classroom discourse implicitly. For this reason, it is needed to get a new insight for evaluating and reflecting a teacher's classroom discourse. In this study, I analyzed the information flow of science classes of pre-service elementary school teachers. The finding showed that teachers' organizational skills for students' information made advanced science classes by maintaining discourse cohesions. And the findings also showed a way how to analyze, evaluate or reflect science classroom discourse. This trial could contribute to find out the characteristics of teachers' science classroom discourse and show the directions to them how to change their classes beyond impressionable evaluations for their science classes.
Analysis on the Complexity of Scientific Reasoning during Pre-service Elementary School Teachers' Open-Inquiry Activities
Jeong, Sun-Hee ; Choi, Hyun-Dong ; Yang, Il-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 3, 2011, Pages 379~393
The purpose of this study was to analyze the complexity of scientific reasoning during open inquiry activities of pre-service elementary school teachers. In this study, 6 pre-service elementary teachers who participated in open-inquiry activities were selected. The data of scientific reasoning during their inquiry process was collected from the video recording of reporting about inquiry process and results, their reports and researcher's notetaking. CSRI Matrix (Dolan & Grady, 2010) was used to analyze the complexity of participants' scientific reasoning. The result showed that the degree of the complexity of their scientific reasoning varied in participants. Particularly the low degree of the complexity of scientific reasoning presented in posing preliminary hypotheses, providing suggestions for future research, communicating and defending finding. Also, The more pre-service teachers' epistemology of inquiry are similar to that of scientists, the more complex scientific reasoning represents. This results suggest that teachers should impress on students the importance of doing the precedent study and providing suggestions for future research, and provide a place for communicating and defending findings.