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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Elementary Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Nov 2011
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Aug 2011
Volume 30, Issue 2 - May 2011
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Subscales of Creativity in Science Gifted Students
Chung, Won-Woo ; Park, Shin-Gyu ; Park, Young-Kwan ; Hong, Soon-Cheon ; Kim, Jung-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 395~404
The purpose of this study was to analyze science gifted students' creativity subscales. The Torrance Tests of Creativity Thinking(TTCT) were administered to 385 science gifted students from 2006 to 2010 for this study. The results were as follows: First, fluency correlated highly with originality, and elaboration also highly correlated with abstractness of titles. All of the correlation coefficients of the variables with resistance to premature closure were high. Second, the elaboration scores were higher than other variables, and abstractness of titles scores and resistance to premature closure scores were lower than other variables regardless of regions and gender. There was no significant difference according to regions, but the elaboration scores of female science gifted students were significantly higher than male science gifted students'. The fluency scores were the most influential factor to the creativity index among the creativity subscale scores. Third, after completing the science gifted program, students showed significant difference in fluency scores, abstractness of titles scores, and resistance to premature closure scores; however, they showed no difference in originality scores and elaboration scores.
The Observation Type of Primary Students and the Effect of Their Views of Science on Observation Activity in Anomalous Situation
Jho, Hun-Koog ; Song, Jin-Woong ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 405~414
The purpose of this study is to identify how primary students make decision in an anomalous situation of discrepancy between the observation result and their prior knowledge and what is the relationship between their decision and views on science. In this study, the researchers have observed a science class of fifth graders for two months and collected qualitative data such as field note, audio transcript, video-recording, photo and interviews. It is shown that participants experienced three types of subjective observation as listed: expectation-related, theory-dependent and dilemmatic observation. The questionnaire of the students to the views on science reveals that most of them thought highly of empiricism and utility of science. With this result, it is found that they took into account the limitation and provision of experiments while making judgment in an anomalous situation. That is to say, their assessment of experiments and observation is crucial in judgment in the situation that their observation is incompatible with their prior knowledge. The researchers conclude that their views on science may influence their observation and suggest the ways to promote students' ability linked to observation.
The Effects of Team-Based Learning on Learners’ Science Concept Understanding and Attitude in Elementary Science Classroom
Lee, Soo-Young ; Ju, Eun-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 415~429
In the elementary science classroom, inquiry-based learning activities are often limited to students' hands-on experiences. As a result, students often overlook core concepts they are supposed to acquire from the inquiry activities and show difficulties in applying those concepts in a real life context. To make a connection between the hands-on activities and the concept leaning, a small-group discussion can be considered. In this study, we designed a team-based learning (TBL) model for the elementary science classroom. We developed teaching and learning materials for the "Comfortable Environments" unit in the 6th grade curriculum based on the TBL model. After appling the model with 32 6th grade students, we compared the TBL participants' level of concept understanding and attitudes toward science before and after the intervention, and also compared them with their counterpart control group who participated in a traditional classroom. The results showed that the level of concept understanding of the TBL participants were higher than that of the control group. However, there was no statistically significant difference found in attitudes toward science between the TBL participants and the control group. In addition, the interviews with the TBL participants showed that they positively perceived the TBL experiences.
Elementary Students' Epistemological Views on the Nature of Scientific Measurement
Yang, Chan-Ho ; Lee, Ji-Hyeon ; Kim, Young-Hoon ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 430~441
We investigated the elementary students' epistemological views on the nature of scientific measurement. The Views About Scientific Measurement (Ibrahim, 2005) was administered to 117 sixth graders. The analyses of the results indicated that there was an inconsistency in their epistemological views depending on the contexts of the measurement. They also had some difficulties in understanding a distribution of the data, which is needed to understand the necessity of repeating measurements, choosing a best representative value, and comparing data sets. They were found to have some naive views on scientific measurement which influenced negatively for fostering modern epistemological views on the nature of scientific measurement. The results suggest that the nature of scientific measurement should be emphasized explicitly in the national curriculum, and an effective method which improves elementary students' epistemological views on the nature of scientific measurement also be developed.
Analysis of G4 Science Digital Textbook according to Universal Design for Learning
Seo, Jeong-Hee ; Sung, Jung-Hee ; Koo, Yang-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 442~458
Digital textbook project is one of government-driven project to improve education due to integrating technology. Digital textbook need to be universally designed to fit for each student. Recently, universal design for learning( UDL) gains great attention as one of promising approaches for the development of the digital textbook through giving various options and flexibility to all students. UDL has three main principles, first provide multiple means of representation, second provide multiple means of action and expression, third provide multiple means of engagement. The purpose of the study is to analyze fourth grade science textbook according to three UDL guidelines and suggest implications to improve an existing science textbook. The results indicated that fourth grade science digital textbook has been partly applied UDL guidelines like implementing multimedia and multi- mode contents, learning and communication tools, and motivation strategies. But options which students can choose according to their needs and styles are insufficient and tools for expression and communication need to enhance for helping each student to overcome his/her obstacles for learning and need to be more and elaborate to support learner-centered science digital textbook.
Effect of the Teacher's Science Teaching Efficacy on the Science Process Skills and Scientific Attitudes of Elementary School Students
Lee, Se-Jung ; Lim, Cheong-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 459~467
The purpose of this study is to find out the level of science teaching efficacy belief in the elementary school teachers and to find out the students' science process skills and scientific attitudes according to the level of the teacher's science teaching efficacy belief. After measuring science teaching efficacy belief of 109 teachers from nine elementary schools, three teachers who received the high score and three teachers who received the low score were selected from each 5th and 6th grade. Science process skills and scientific attitudes of 331 students who were in the selected 12 teachers' classes were measured. The results of this study were as follows; First, there were significant differences on the elementary school teachers' science teaching efficacy belief according to teacher's gender and career. The men's average score was clearly higher than women's average score on personal science teaching efficacy in science teaching efficacy belief according to teacher's gender. There was a obvious difference between the group of more than six-year less than ten-year and the group of more than fifteen-year less than twenty-year, the group of more than twenty-year on science teaching outcome expectancy in science teaching efficacy belief according to teacher's career. Second, there was not a evident difference on the elementary school students' science process skill according to the level of the elementary school teachers' science teaching efficacy. Third, there was a distinct difference on the elementary school students' scientific attitude according to the elementary school teachers' science teaching efficacy. There was a significant difference on the openness and the endurance in each scientific attitude. The level of science teaching efficacy belief in the elementary school teachers had few effects on the elementary school students' science process skill, on the other hand the level of science teaching efficacy belief in the elementary school teachers had an positive effect on the elementary school students' scientific attitude.
Analysis of Students' Interaction for Generating Inquiry Problem in Asynchronous Discussion with the Class Bulletin Board
Jung, Ju-Hyun ; Kim, Sun-Ja ; Park, Jong-Wook ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 468~481
This research is to observe and analyze the student interactions when inquiry problems were generated along with the students by using asynchronous discussion methods with the class bulletin board. For this research, 10 students from a single class of 6th grade were selected. The subject students were divided into 2 groups by cognitive levels. After the students were submitted the 4 problem situations for 1 week each, the discussion process was analyzed. The research results are as follows. First, the analysis of the step by step interactive discussion showed that several students answered for the question from a single student while discussing first for the question and answer in a form of a question with many multiple answers without any connections with the previously asked questions. At the end of the discussion, one to two students answered to a question by taking turns and the type of discussion changed to one question - one answer type by answering to the person who spoke prior to the next. Second, the discussion took place with the students in the transitional stage speaking in time in order, to provide comments to the bottom of the linear form and students in the formal operational stage students speaking in temporal order, regardless of the number of comments in the direction of the radiation(mind map) forms. The individual comment speaking rates were similar in the two groups so the students were able to speak indiscriminately.
The Linguistic Analysis of Visual Images in Elementary Science Textbooks by 2007 Curriculum Revision: Focused on the Changes of the Weather
Lee, Jeong-A ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 482~489
This study analyzed the visual images covering 'the changes of weather' in elementary science textbooks by 2007 curriculum revision from a perspective of linguistics. The findings showed that there were inclined to increasing in terms of ideational and textual metafunctions. It meant that the informative images were increased and the form of images became more abstractive. It also showed an increase in terms of interpersonal metafunctions. It was interpreted as decreasing the ratios of images inducing epistemological detachments and increasing images help familiarity and involvement between images and readers. These results showed that the visual images of 'the changes of weather' in 2007 revised elementary science textbook were professionally, technical, and abstractive in terms of the contents and formality. And these trends of images were complemented by the involvement and familiarity of images in the aspect of interpersonal metafunctions.
The Effects of Science Instruction using Integrative Educational Model(IEM) in Elementary Science Gifted Classes on Academic Achievement and Scientific Attitude
Bae, Jin-Ho ; Kim, Dong-Kook ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 490~503
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of science instruction using integrative educational model on academic achievement and scientific attitude in gifted classes on elementary science. Integrative educational model (hereafter referred as IEM) was developed by synthesizing the findings from brain research, the new physics, general systems theory, and educational psychology. 77 6th graders of B Metropolitan City's Elementary Gifted Education Center were took part in this study. The experimental group, consisting of 39 students, was applied to the instruction using IEM, while the comparison group, 38 students, was applied to instructor- led instruction. The results of this study were as follows: First, the science instruction using IEM had a positive effect on improving achievement in gifted classes on elementary science. Second, the science instruction using IEM had an influence on inquisitiveness and openness of the lower domains of learners' scientific attitude. Third, the science instruction using IEM had a positive response to learners' interest, comprehensibility about lesson contents, and ability to concentrate on classes.
The Preservice Elementary Teachers' Achievement Goal Orientations for Science Teaching and Their Science Teaching Efficacy Belief
Jeon, Kyung-Moon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 504~513
The preservice elementary teachers' achievement goal orientations(mastery/ability-approach/ability-avoidance/work-avoidance goal) for science teaching were measured. The student teachers(91 males and 127 females) tended to have the mastery or ability-approach goals rather than the ability-avoidance or work-avoidance goals for science teaching. The male students were more learning focused than were the females, while the female students reported stronger work-avoidance goal orientation than did the males. This study also examined how the preservice teachers' achievement goal orientations were related to their science teaching efficacy beliefs(personal science teaching efficacy belief/science teaching outcome expectancy). As expected, the results showed that there were significantly positive relationships between the mastery or ability-approach goals and science teaching efficacy beliefs, while the significantly negative relationships were found between the ability-avoidance or work-avoidance goal and personal science teaching efficacy belief. The educational implications and future directions were discussed.
A Study of the Elementary School Teachers' Perception in STEAM(Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, Mathematics) Education
Shin, Young-Joon ; Han, Sun-Kwan ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 514~523
The purpose of this study was to investigation the elementary school teachers' perception in STEAM(Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, Mathematics) Education. For this study, 93 elementary school teachers who have taught mathematics/science in gifted class were selected and a fifteen items questionnaire designed to elicit teachers' perception of steam education was to administered to them. The major findings are as follows: First, the ratio of teachers who understood a steam education exactly is very low. But teachers have positive thoughts about the need of steam education. Second, teachers thought that steam education has a good effect on elementary education. Third, teachers thought that steam education will be an alternative teaching and learning method. Fourth, teachers have negative thoughts to participate in class work related on steam education. To improve negative attitudes on steam education, incentives for teachers seems to be required. In order to spread steam education among the elementary school teachers successfully, the expansion of school facilities, administrators and staff in mind, improving financial support, strengthening education through the development of content and teaching strategies were analyzed as a challenge.
The Analysis of Conception Changes of Pre-Service Elementary Teachers for 'Causes of Season Change' with Disproof-Experiment Model
Chae, Dong-Hyun ; Lim, Sung-Man ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 524~534
This study is to ascertain pre-service teachers' conceptions for the causes of season change, to verify their conceptional mistakes, and to analyze how their conceptions are changed while presenting Disproof-Experiment Model where they cannot explain it with their current conceptions. 32 junior students of Education universities, pre-service elementary teachers, located at the middle of Korea participated in this research including two interviews and one experiment activity. As a result of analyzing of the data, the pre-service teachers held diverse conceptions for the causes of season change such as to mistake the phenomena, the distance between the earth and the sun, the tilting of the rotation axis and the revolving around the sun while changing the tilting direction of the rotation axis as the cause. After applying Disproof-Experiment Model designed by the researchers in order to change the current conception above, the conception changes of the pre-service teachers were investigated. Diverse Disproof-Experiment Models were used differently depending on the pre-service teachers' conceptions. As a result of the application of Disproof-Experiment Model, 26 out of 28 pre-service teachers were changed to scientific conceptions. It was determined that in order to modify pre-service teachers' conceptions, designing and presenting the Disproof-Experiment Model appropriate to their conceptions are effective after analyzing their conceptions. In case of conceptions that pre-service teachers feel difficult, it was established that unraveling experiment models prescribed after investigating the preconceptions and identifying the misconceptions are important.
The Elementary School Teachers' Conceptions and Utilization on the General Remarks in the Science Teacher's Guide
Jang, Myoung-Duk ; Joung, Yong-Jae ; Kim, Han-Je ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 535~552
The purpose of this study was to investigate elementary school teachers' conceptions on the general remarks (GR) in the new science teacher's guide, the teachers' conceptions on inservice training program of the GR, and their opinions of improvement on the GR. Also, the teachers' utilization of the GR was examined. The participants were 152 elementary school teachers who were teaching grade 3~6. A questionnaire was used to collect data. The results of this study are as follows; First, at least 13.2~17.1% of the teachers did not have specific conception of the purpose of the GR, and more than 90% of the teachers expressed that the GR is necessary in the teachers' guide. Second, about 60% of the teachers responded that the training program on the GR is necessary, and when the program is open, their most favorite agency and speaker were a provincial education office and a textbook developer(or author), respectively. Their most favorite time and period of the training program were the vacation and 15~30 hours, respectively. Third, the mean values on the frequency of use were lower than 3 point of the five-point Likert scale at both the GR for grade 3~4 and the GR for grade 5~6, and the teachers' main use of the GR was the planning a science lesson for an open class. Fourth, the teachers suggested various opinions and there was difference between the opinions about the GR for grade 3~4 and the opinions about the GR for grade 5~6.
An Analysis for Gender-Role Stereotyping of Illustrations in Elementary Science Textbooks Developed under 2007 Revised National Curriculum
You, Ji-Yeon ; Lee, Ji-Hyeon ; Noh, Tae-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 553~561
In this study, the illustrations in 16 elementary science textbooks developed under the 2007 Revised National Curriculum were analyzed in the aspect of gender-role stereotyping, and the results were compared with those of the 7th National Curriculum. The frequencies of male and female who appeared on textbook illustrations were counted, and the types of activities and the characters of them were analyzed. Most pupils were found to be active, and female pupils appearing in the textbooks were more than male pupils. In all types of activities for pupils, the difference between male and female was decreased compared with that of the 7th National Curriculum. Male and female pupils were illustrated in learning activities with almost equal frequencies, but male pupils were still more frequently represented than female pupils in other activities. Gender difference in adults was increased and the difference was statistically significant. Gender difference in houseworks was not large, but the difference in outdoor activities was statistically significant. Especially, the jobs of adults were illustrated as male-centered, and scientists appearing in the textbook illustrations were also mostly male.
Analysis of Teaching-Learning Programs from the Perspective of Brain-Based Learning Science -Focused on 5th Grade Elementary Science-
Lee, Na-Yeon ; Shin, Dong-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 562~573
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of teaching-learning programs from the perspective of brain-based learning science. Four units in 5th grade elementary science programs of the Revised 2007 National Curriculum were selected as contents to study. As the brain-based learning science analysis method, equations of the brain compatibleness index (BCI) and contribution degree on the brain compatibleness index (BCICRE) were applied to them. This study showed that there were qualitative and quantitative differences among the analyzed teaching-learning programs through the unit and curriculum. The results showed that hands-on activities like experiments or open inquiry activities improved their evaluation of the teaching-learning programs. From the analyzing, teachers can judge whether each teaching-learning program made considered the brain of the learners. Furthermore, this study can provide useful information to consult of various science teaching-learning programs brain-based learning.
Elementary Teachers' Conceptions of Science Inquiry Teaching: Cases of South Korea, Singapore and the United States
Yoon, Hye-Gyoung ; Kang, Nam-Hwa ; Kim, Mi-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 574~588
The Effects of Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) Instruction on Elementary School Students' Science Process Skills and Scientific Attitude
Lee, Seok-Hee ; Kim, Eun-Jin ; Chang, Hyun-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 589~600
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of science writing heuristic(SWH) instruction based on Tolumin's structure of argument, on students' science process skills and scientific attitude. In the instruction, unstructured problems were selected with issues to be argued, in which interactions among students are stressed. This research involved 58 students of 5th grade at an elementary school, and divided them into an experimental group with 29 and a control group with 29. The former was treated with instruction using argumentation as SWH, while the latter with conventional ways of instruction. Science process skills and scientific attitude were compared between the two groups and within each of the groups. The results implied that science instruction using science writing heuristic is effective in improving learning science process skills and scientific attitude.
An Analysis of the Differences in Perceptions and Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) of Elementary Teachers depend on Application Experience of Integrated Science Education in the Elementary Science Class
Maeng, Hee-Ju ; Son, Yeon-A ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 601~614
The purpose of this study was to investigate significant differences between the application group and nonapplication group of integrated science education in the science class about elementary teachers' perceptions and PCK. The results are as follows. First, no significant differences were found about science teachers' fundamental background variables between the two groups. This results showed that the application of integrated science education didn't have relation with the fundamental background variables. It was found that the application group of integrated science education has a lower frequency than the application group, however, it has been analysed that the application group has been applied at the introduction stage for students' motivation, focused on biology as twice every month. Second, to apply a successful integrated education in the elementary science class, it has analysed that not only teachers should need to understand about application method and concept of integrated science education but also science textbook and teaching-learning material should be developed and diffused in the well-integrated science. Third, it was found that professionality of elementary teachers to teach the scientific content knowledge is not comparatively high and non-application group of integrated science education has a lower PCK than the application group. Therefore, it should be provided that not only training programmes to learn interdisciplinary knowledge related to science, can lead to more understanding about instructional design, teaching strategies and concept for integrated science education should be developed but also chances to participate in various training programmes should be provided to enhance elementary teachers' professionality for integrated science education.
The Effects on Students' Leaning Types through the Creative Problem Solving Teaching Model in Elementary Science Class
Choi, Sun-Young ; Kim, Ji-In ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 615~623
The purpose of this study was to analyse of the effects on students' leaning types through the Creative Problem Solving Teaching Model in elementary science class. The results of this study were as follows; 1. experimental group in creative problem solving, scientific inquiry skills and academic achievement was higher than control group which was statistically significant (p<.05). 2. for the students' learning type the experimental group was distributed to accommodators (35.7%), divergers (25.0%), convergers (25.0%) and assimilators (14.3%). 3. after the program treatment, assimilator type group students in creative problem solving were higher than other type group students. 4. diverger and assimilator group students in academic achievement, diverger group students in scientific inquiry skills, and accommodator group students in scientific attitude were higher than other groups.
Comparison of Problem Finding Ability, Creative Thinking Ability, Creative Tendency, Science Process Skill between the Scientifically Gifted and General Students
Go, Yu-Mi ; Yeo, Sang-Ihn ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 624~633
The purpose of this study was to compare problem finding ability, creative thinking ability, creative tendency, and science process skill between the scientifically gifted students and the general students. For this study, problem finding ability test, integrating creativity test, and science process skill test were conducted to the elementary gifted students (n=95) in science and the general students (n=149) at the same school district. The results of this study were as follows: The mean scores of problem finding, creative thinking, creative tendency, and science process skill of the gifted students were statistically higher than the general students. The problem finding ability had partially weak correlation with sub-domains of the creative thinking ability, creative tendency, and science process skill. Findings suggest that there are needs of further study about factors affecting problem finding and considering the degree of structure of problem situation.
The Analysis on the Pattern and Proposition Process of Science Inquiry Problems Proposed by Elementary General Students and Science-Gifted Ones
Lee, Hyeong-Cheol ; Jeon, Eun-Yeong ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 30, issue 4, 2011, Pages 634~645
The purpose of this study was to investigate the analysis on the pattern and proposition process of science inquiry problems proposed by elementary school general students and science-gifted ones. The science inquiry problems were composed of one quantitative problem and one qualitative problem. To conduct this study, general students and science-gifted ones of grade 4 and 5 in elementary schools were selected. The results of this study were as follows. In both quantitative and qualitative problem, most of the students, including all the sciencegifted students and general ones, used N-IP pattern and S2 proposition process strategy to propose inquiry problems. In the relationship between proposed problem and proposition process strategy, when using S2 strategy, N-IP problems were chiefly proposed. And when using S2, S3 strategies, more patterns of inquiry problems were generated than using any other strategies. Drawing proposition processes of inquiry problem into map, science-gifted students used much more proposition process strategies than general ones.