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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Elementary Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Nov 2012
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Aug 2012
Volume 31, Issue 2 - May 2012
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Science Writing on Cognitive-Affective Aspects of Elementary School Students
Moon, Mi-Hui ; Shin, Ae-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 31, issue 4, 2012, Pages 413~423
The purpose of this study was to identify the effectiveness of science writing on organizing scientific knowledge and improving science process skills and science attitude, as science educators have indicated. For this study, two classes of
grade students were chosen in the same elementary school. Subjects were divided into an experimental and a control group. The students in the experimental group took part in a science writing program for 14 lessons of science classes. The students in the control group were taught according to the traditional science program using standard science textbooks. To identify the effects of science writing, both groups' students were tested on science achievement, science process skills, and science attitude before the program implementation and were tested on science concept, science process skills, science attitude after the program implementation. The results of this study showed that the experimental group gains significantly higher scores than the control group in science concept and science attitude, but there was no significant difference on science process skills for either group. In conclusion, science writing had positive effects on science concept and science attitude of elementary school students, helping them to express their thinking logically and systematically, but science process skills were not affected.
A Study on the Changes and Meanings of Geological Terminologies for Elementary School Science Level
Lee, Myon U ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 31, issue 4, 2012, Pages 424~435
The purpose of this study was to analyze the geological terms used in the elementary school science curriculums from 1876 to present. We collected the data of geological terminologies based on what is being used in the revised 2007 national curriculum. In this study, data was divided into three periods according to political events, "The Modern Enlightenment Period (1876~1910)", "The Japanese Colonial Period (1910~1945)", and "The Current Curriculum Period (1945~present)". During the early modern enlightenment period, translated Chinese characters' terminologies by western scholars in Qing-China were used in science books. The late modern enlightenment period, we used many translated Japanese textbooks in schools, which naturally introduced the way that Japan's terminology is used. In the Japanese colonial period, Korean students had to study science subjects written in Japanese characters, so they had used Japanese terminologies of science. After the liberation of Korea from the Imperial Japan, there was an efforts to make new Korean terminologies of geology under the new current national curriculum. However, the terminologies used in Korean textbooks ended up using and borrowing the same way that the Japanese-Sino terms of science used later.
A Review of the Literature on Primary Students' Science-Related Attitudes
Jho, Hunkoog ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 31, issue 4, 2012, Pages 436~449
This study aimed to investigate primary students' science-related attitudes through the literature review. Ninety-four papers published in domestic science education journals, since 1990, were collected and were followed by content analysis. In this study, science-related attitude was conceptualized as attitude toward science, scientist, science-related occupations, and school science, which is composed of cognitive, affective and behavioral domains. Based on the conceptualization, the instruments used for measuring students' attitudes were analyzed. The analysis of definition of science-related attitude in the articles showed different foci on cognitive, affective and behavioral domains. To suggest the effective instruction for enhancing students' science-related attitudes, this study identified students' attitude with gender, grade, residence and achievement level. The result showed that male, urban, higher-grade and better performed students had more positive attitude than female, rural, lower-grade and less performed students. As for the factors in science-related attitude, I categorized the factors into personal, environmental and pedagogical aspects, and found that psychological elements in all domains were most influential to students' change of science-related attitudes. It is interesting to note that students showed dichotomous views about experiment and that task-oriented instruction failed to enhance students' attitude. Based on the research findings, this study suggests effective instruction for improving students' attitudes and future research for science education.
The Types and Features of Gestures in Science Discourse of Elementary Students
Na, Jiyeon ; Song, Jinwoong ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 31, issue 4, 2012, Pages 450~462
Gestures are a common phenomenon of human communication. There exists little research concerned with the gestures in science education, and most researches of gestures have focused on individual gestures. However, learning occurs through sociocultural interactions with friends, family, teachers, and others in society. Hence, the purpose of this study was to investigate and identify the types and features of gestures which were made by elementary students to communicate with peers in science discourse. A group of six fourth-graders was observed in eight science discourses where they talked about ideas related to thermal concepts. The data was collected through interviews and questionnaires. The analysis of the data showed that students' gestures in science discourses could be classified into seven types: signal iconic gesture, illustrative iconic gesture, personal deictic gesture, object deictic gesture, beat gesture, emotional metaphoric gesture, and content metaphoric gesture. It was also found that these gestures had functions of repeating, supplementing, and replacing utterance to communicate with others. Students frequently expressed scientific terms metaphorically as everyday terms through their gestures. Gestures were shared, imitated, and transferred in the communication process, and students' gestures also made influence on other students' ideas through these processes.
Analysis of Science Writing Tasks in Korean and American Science Textbooks
Koo, Sul Ki ; Park, Il-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 31, issue 4, 2012, Pages 463~480
This study is intended to investigate the frequency of scientific writing tasks in Korean and American science textbooks, to compare the differences in types of posing the writing tasks according to the level of the children's scientific cognition, and to analyze the differences in the organization and development of writing ones of each chapter and thus to propose an effective way of presenting scientific writing in science textbooks. Korean 'Science' and 'Experiment Observation Workbook'and Macmillan Mcgraw-Hill(MMH) Science for fourth graders were analyzed for the purpose. The results are as follows: First, Korean textbooks contain more science writing tasks per pages, and less per chapters than MMH one. Both text books provide balanced amount of science writing tasks, yet MMH especially does systematic exercises for each chapter. Second, the qualitative analysis of the textbooks' scientific writing shows that both textbooks contain a significant amount of "understanding" and "explanatory" writing, which reflects that the purpose of writing in science textbooks is leaning towards acquiring and verifying scientific concepts. In American textbooks, however, writings utilizing extensive cognition process and materials are also present. It is necessary for textbooks to present diverse and expressive writing assignments including personal opinions. Third, there are differences in organization and development of science writing tasks. Science writing tasks in Korean textbooks are present independently with lesson objectives of the chapters and practices, while those in MMH are systematically developed. Based on these results, it is necessary to systemize the textbooks' way of presenting writing tasks for effective teaching and learning. By organizing the writing materials and thus developing diverse materials, and by implementing extensive cognitive process in the writing activities, textbooks will be able to contribute in attracting the students' interests and in improving their scientific knowledge.
An Analysis of Elementary School Students' Understanding for Sighting and Hearing through Drawing
Lim, Soo-Min ; Kim, Youngshin ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 31, issue 4, 2012, Pages 481~489
The purpose of this study was to analyze the understanding of the sighting and hearing elementary school students have through drawing. For this purpose, we conducted a questionnaire survey of 602 elementary school students. The questionnaire was composed with open-ended question developed by West et al.(2008). This questionnaire was presented only appearance of face. And let them express the sensory pathway by drawing and writing. The students' responses for questionnaire were classified by 5 levels. Inner-researcher consistency was 0.89, inter-researcher consistency was 0.83. The data analyzed were
by using SPSS. The result of this study were as following: First, elementary school students have misconception of sighting and hearing. There were no difference among the grade. In spite of becoming upper grade, students have still misconception. Second, scientific concept that male students have were significantly more than female. Third, the concepts of the anatomically organs are more exposed in real-life situations, students known better. Within these results, it would be used for developing teaching-learning strategies which can use misconceptions students have.
The Study on Elementary Male and Female Students' Abilities to Construct and Interpret Graphs Based on Their Spatial Abilities and Science Process Skills
Jeon, Bok-Hee ; Lee, Hyeong Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 31, issue 4, 2012, Pages 490~500
This study was to examine elementary male and female students' spatial abilities, science process skills, and graph construction and interpretation abilities in order to understand the effect that their spatial abilities and science process skills would have on their graph abilities. To conduct this study, total 12 classes of 435 pupils, 6 classes each from grades 5 and 6 in elementary schools were selected for subjects. The number of male student was 207 and that of female one was 228 of them. And previous test papers of spatial abilities, of science process abilities, and of graph abilities were retouched and updated for reuse in new tests. The results of this study are briefed as follows: Firstly, when spatial abilities for male and female group were compared, female group showed a little higher rate of correct answering than male, but not providing statistically significant gap. Secondly, the science process skill tests revealed basic process skills of both groups were more excellent than their integrated process skills, while female group was found to have more correct answers than male, all of which were proving statistical distinction. Thirdly, of graphing skills for two groups, the graph interpretation skills turned out to be better than the graph construction skills, with female group scoring higher than male and with meaningful difference. Fourthly, both between spatial abilities and graph abilities, and between science process skills and graph abilities, static correlations existed with statistical meaning. In other words, those with higher spatial abilities or science process skills were to do better in constructing and interpreting graphs.
Differences in Eye Movement Pattern during the Classification between the Gifted and General Students in Elementary Schools
Choi, Hyun-Dong ; Shin, Won-Sub ; Shin, Dong-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 31, issue 4, 2012, Pages 501~512
The purpose of this study was to identify the differences in eye movement pattern shown in classification activities between the gifted and regular students in elementary schools. The subjects for the research consisted of five gifted students in the special education center for the gifted at Seoul National University of Education and five students at D regular elementary schools. SMI (Senso Motoric Instruments)' iView
RED 120 Hz was used in order to collect eye movement data. Results were as follows. There were difference patterns between the gifted and the regular student in question identification, attribute observation, and criteria generation process. Gifted students minimized unnecessary cognitive overload and took advantage of cognitive economic efficiency. Regular students have a lot of cognitive burden because they did not grasp the essential information.
Investigation of Scientific Argumentation in the Classes for Elementary Gifted Students
Lim, Hyeon-Ju ; Shin, Young-Joon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 31, issue 4, 2012, Pages 513~531
This study was to analyze the characteristic of scientific argumentation in the classes for the gifted of elementary school. The participants of this study were 5 fifth graders and 9 sixth graders, 14 in total, from the basic unit schools for gifted students of J elementary school in Incheon city. And it constituted small scale groups made up of 2~3 students with similar or identical ability in scientific reasoning. It had set up hypothesis for each group before the experiment, and students had a group discussion as a whole after the experiment. Classes were conducted 4 times, all courses were recorded as a sound/video. The ability in scientific reasoning of the students was inspected, making use of SRT II by means of pre-survey, and their argumentation levels were analyzed, utilizing 'Rubric for scientific argumentation course assessment.' As a result, argumentations did not incurred in every class. Analysis in argumentations of the students resulted in low level argumentation. This means argumentation cannot incur based on that with the limit in understanding the principle of experiments over the threshold of textbook no matter that he is an gifted student or not. The student both in formal operational period and transition period (2B/3A), the ability of scientific thinking in upper level, was improved of his argumentative ability in an overall aspect. However, a student of concrete operational period, the ability of scientific thinking in lower level, had argumentation with still lower level even after the experiment at the moment of discussing with the students on the upper level of scientific thinking ability.
Development and Application of the Teaching Program for Improving Science Drawing Skills
Park, Heon Woo ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 31, issue 4, 2012, Pages 532~540
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of utilization of drawing skills in elementary science class on improving scientific drawing. The learning program has been developed for 5th grade students in the regular classes in order to enhance scientific drawing skills. The program was composed of three steps, understanding the kinds of drawing, imitating sample drawing, representing through observation. The developed program was verified by the science education scholars and teachers. Students trained during 3 hours with scientific drawing skills step by step. As a result, students significantly improved skills in scientific drawing skills. Furthermore, the effect was sustained after a month. On the other hand, there were no statistically meaningful differences on scientific attitudes and preferences.
Analyses on Elementary Students' Science Attitude and Topics of Interest in Free Inquiry Activities according to a Brain-based Evolutionary Science Teaching and Learning Model
Lim, Chae-Seong ; Kim, Jae-Young ; Baek, Ja-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 31, issue 4, 2012, Pages 541~557
Interest is acknowledged to be a critical motivational variable that influences learning and achievement. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interest of the elementary students when free inquiry activities were performed through a brain-based evolutionary scientific teaching and learning model. For this study, 106 fifth grade students were chosen and performed individually free inquiry activities. The results of this study were as follows: First, after free inquiry activities, as to free inquiry science related attitude, a statistically significant difference was not observed. But they came to have positive feelings about the free inquiry. Especially students marked higher mean score in openness showed consistency in sub-areas of free inquiry science related attitude. Second, students had interests in various fields, especially they had many interests in area of biology. They chose inquiry subjects that seems to be easily accessible from surrounding and as an important criterion of free inquiry they thought the possibility that they could successfully perform it. And students who belong to the high level in the science related attitudes and academic achievement diversified more topics. Third, most of students failed to further their topics. However, the students who specifically and clearly extended their topics suggested appropriate variables in their topics. On the other hand, students who couldn't elaborate their topics were also failed to suggest further topics and their performance of inquiry was more incomplete. In conclusion, the experiences of success in free inquiry make the science attitude of students more positive and help them extend their inquiry. These results have fundamental implications for the authentic science inquiry in the elementary schools and for the further research.