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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Elementary Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 32, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Facilitating Productive Reflection of Pre-service Elementary Teachers through Reflective Journal Writing and Discussion about Science Peer Teaching Practice
Yoon, Hye-Gyoung ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 2, 2013, Pages 113~126
In this study, the researcher aimed to increase productive reflection of pre-service elementary teachers through reflective journal writing and discussion after science peer teaching practice. 'Productive reflection' involves consideration and analysis of interrelationships among aspects of teaching including learners and learning, subject matter knowledge, assessment, and instruction. During 8 week efforts, productive reflection has increased gradually in both individual journal and class discussion. However half of individual journals didn't show productive reflection even in the final stage. This implicated that development of reflective thinking is an achievable but progressive change. By describing the progress in discussion and participants' responses on journal writing and discussion activity, this study shed light on practical ways of enhancing reflective teacher education.
Analyzing the Science Words of Physics in 'Wise Life' Textbooks
Yun, Eunjeong ; Park, Yunebae ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 2, 2013, Pages 127~138
The purpose of this study was to select the basic words of physics for science education which were learned through everyday life or school education and be foundation of learning science. For this, we collected all words in the 'Wise Life' textbooks by 7th and 2007 National Curriculum, and extract the science words. As a result, there were 8,970 words in 8 textbooks of 'Wise Life', and about 18% of them, 1,585 words, were science words. There were 266 kinds of science words and most of them were biology words. And the textbooks by 2007 National Curriculum had more science words than by 7th's. Finally we selected 24 basic words of science only in the physics area by comprehensively considering difficulty, need and frequency.
A Learning Progression for Water Cycle from Fourth to Sixth Graders with Ordered Multiple-Choice Items
Seong, Yeonseon ; Maeng, Seungho ; Jang, Shinho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 2, 2013, Pages 139~158
This study investigated elementary students' (grade 4~6) learning progressions for water cycling drawn from iterative assessments using ordered multiple-choice (OMC) items. An assessment system, which consisted of construct map, item design, outcome space, and measurement model, was employed in this study to examine children's learning progressions. At the first stage of the assessment system, a construct map was designed on which children's conceptual understandings from naive to most sophisticated were represented. At the item design stage, 8 OMC items were drawn from the construct map. Each item option of the OMC items was scored from 0 to 3 according to its level of understanding at the stage of outcome space. As a measurement model, Rasch model, a branch of item response theory, was applied to interpreting the outcomes of the OMC items. This cycle of assessment system was furtherly implemented iteratively in order to elaborate on the first version of water cycling learning progression. In conclusion, children's understanding of water cycling could be described in two aspects: water distribution and water movement. We identified children's conjectural developmental pathways about water cycling existed from superficial and naive accounts to more complex and abstract accounts.
Elementary School Students' Perception about the Aims of School Science Experiments by Gender and Academic Achievement
Kim, Ji-Hye ; Shin, Young-Joon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 2, 2013, Pages 159~168
The purpose of this study was to investigate the elementary school students' perception about "the aims of school science experiments". For this study, the perceptions were surveyed from 193 elementary school students (96 boys and 97 girls) in one school located in Gyeonggi-Do. The responses were analyzed with categorization based on their gender, school science test scores. The results from this study were as follows; in relation to the aims of school science experiments, the elementary school students considered intrinsic values of doing experiments were more worthy than the extrinsic values of it. It was found that 25.4% of the students had ideas that students do science experiments for understanding science theory. Up to 70% of the students responded that they do science experiments for understanding and memorizing the contents of science textbooks. School science experiments were regarded as an educational tool for the science study. It is recommended that teacher need to make clear the aims of laboratory work and help students to understand of it.
The Teachers' Recognition and a Plan for the Improvement of the System on Selection of Gifted Students in Science Using Teachers' Observation and Nomination
Bang, Mi Seon ; Kim, Yong Gwon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 2, 2013, Pages 169~184
The purpose of this study is to investigate teachers' recognition and to suggest an improvement in the system of teacher's observation and nomination used to selecting gifted and talented students in Science in the Busan Metropolitan School District in 2013 by investigating teachers' recognition of the system and their expressed needs. The results are as follows. First, it was observed that teachers are of the opinion that it is difficult to determine the science gifted students by observation due to their lack of expertise in giftedness and gifted education, the lack of a check list to use, and the difficulty of ensuring the objectivity of the results of the determination. Second, the absence of objective screening tools used for the selection, the selection of gifted students based on their subjective judgment, and the possibility to select students based only on visible manifestations of ability may cause parents to mistrust the system. Thus, institutional support is required to address the concerns of teachers and parents. Third, the teachers who are in charge of observation, nomination, selection and determination need to be trained. After that, at least one of these teachers should be assigned in each school and training should operate continuously and systematically. Lastly, while these things are occurring, the process of observation and nomination of by teachers, which is the basis of pooling gifted students at the level of Busan Metropolitan School District, should be continued.
Analysis of Eye Movement by the Science Achievement Level of the Elementary Students on Observation Test
Shin, Won-Sub ; Shin, Donghoon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 2, 2013, Pages 185~197
The purpose of this study was to analyze the difference between eye movements according to science achievement of elementary school students in observation situation. Science achievement was based on the results of national achievement test conducted in 2012, a random sampling of classes. As an assessment tool to check observation test, two observation measure problems from TSPS (Test of Science Process Skill; developed in 1994) suitable for eye tracking system are adopted. The subjects of this study were twenty students of sixth grade who agreed to participate in the research. SMI (SensoMotoric Instruments)' iView
RED was used to collect eye movement data and Experiment 3.1 and BeGaze 3.1 program were used to plan and analyze experiment. As a result, eye movements in observation test varied greatly in fixation duration, frequency, saccade, saccade velocity and eye blink according to students' science achievement. Based on the result of eye movements analysis, heuristic search eye movement was discussed as an alternative to improve underachievers' science achievement.
A Constructivist Science Learning Environment Survey for Korean Pre-service Elementary School Teachers
Kwon, Sunggi ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 2, 2013, Pages 198~205
For assessing classroom environment, numerous instruments were developed and reported the survey results for science students in science education. In this study I translated Constructivist Learning Environment Scales (CLES) were into Korean versions for elementary school teachers, and measured the reliability. The subjects were randomly selected from three departments of an University of Education in a metropolitan city. All of them were 110 students, who would be elementary school teachers. According to the survey results, pre-service teachers for elementary school have recognized constructivistly for learning environments in an actual forms. In a scale of student negotiation they have most constructivistly recognized learning environment, and moderately in scales of relevance, uncertainty and critical view while they have seldom constructivistly recognized in a scale of shared control. Also Korean version CLES would be an reliable instruments for constructivist assessing learning environments.
Elementary Pre-service Teachers' Conceptions on 'the Freezing Point Depression' and a Proposal of Explanatory Models
Kim, Han-Je ; Joung, Yong Jae ; Jang, Myoung-Duk ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 2, 2013, Pages 206~224
The purpose of this study is to investigate the elementary pre-service teachers' conceptions on 'the freezing point depression' focusing on the survey from a National University of Education. Eighteen pre-service teachers who had completed high school Chemistry II coursework were selected to participate in the study. Participants answered a four question survey to measure their scientific knowledge and conceptions of this phenomenon. Each answer was qualitatively analyzed to determine whether they have 'scientific conceptions' or 'quasi-scientific conceptions' or 'misconceptions'. The results from the study are as follows: First, it was showed that none of the eighteen participants had 'scientific conceptions', six had 'quasi-scientific conceptions' and eight had 'misconceptions' about the caused effect when
is scattered on the ice. Second, it was found that three participants had 'scientific conceptions', eight had 'quasi-scientific conceptions' and two had 'misconceptions' for the second survey question. Third, ten out of eighteen participants demonstrated 'scientific conceptions' about the phenomenon of salt water freezing. Fourth, only three of eighteen participants illustrated appropriate 'scientific conceptions' for the fourth survey question. Fifth, of all participants, none answered more than three questions correctly, and only three participants answered any combination of two questions correctly. Based on the findings of this study, five explanatory models were developed. And the models were proposed for pre-service teachers to enhance their understanding of the freezing point depression phenomenon.