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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Elementary Science Education
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 32, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Effects of the Learning Motive, Interest and Science Process Skills using the 'Light' Unit on Science-based STEAM
Park, Soung-Jin ; Yoo, Pyoung Kil ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 3, 2013, Pages 225~238
The purpose of this study is to find out The Effects of the Learning Motive, Interest and Science Process Skills using the 'Light' Unit on Science-based STEAM. As the subject, 2 classes in the 6th grade of G elementary school located in Busan were selected. Through the pre/post inspection design between experiment and comparison class, the units of science courses in the first semester of 6th grade '1. Light' were applied. The results were as follows: Firstly, it was observed that it would have a meaningful effect to improve the learning motive of students who performed STEAM education. Secondly, it was observed that it would have a meaningful effect to improve the interest of students who performed STEAM education. Especially, the results of 'attention', 'relevance', 'confidence' and 'satisfaction' in the experimental class were higher than those of students in the comparative class. The experimental class gave a positive effect on the 'attention', 'confidence' and 'satisfaction'. According to statistical analysis, this result is meaning. Thirdly, the test on science processing skills showed that there was not statistic meaningful differences between the two groups. But, in the sub-parts, there was statistic meaningful differences between the two groups on the 'integrated inquiry ability'.
Effects of Environmental Education Program using Traditional Culture on Elementary School Students' Environmental Attitude
Kim, Myung-Hwan ; Kim, Nam-Il ; Park, Heon-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 3, 2013, Pages 239~249
The elementary school age is a critical period in the formation of environmental attitudes, environmental knowledge, and sensitivity. In this study, we examined how they affect environmental education programs that utilize traditional culture in the 6th grade of elementary school students' environmental attitudes. Attitudes questionnaire and activity sheets were analyzed to figure out the change in attitude of the students, we analyzed the activity sheets. As a result, the environmental education program that utilize traditional culture had a positive impact on the improvement of elementary school students' environmental attitudes. Analysis of students' Internet bulletin board posts, the amount of writing was increased. In addition, the sensitivity to the environment of the students were changed. Students, was considered not related to their environmental problems. However, after programming experience, they found that environmental problems are directly related to them.
Development of Eco-STEAM Educational Programs Based on Smart Learning
Lee, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 3, 2013, Pages 250~259
This study was aimed at developing eco-STEAM educational programs based on smart learning, implementing the programs to verify their educational effectiveness, and exploring the possibilities for eco-education. The subjects of Science, Mathematics, Practical Arts, Arts, and Physical Education were analyzed to extract STEAM elements for the 5th and 6th grades at elementary school, and then 16 lessen plans were developed under 8 thematic strands. The programs were applied to classes of 5th and 6th graders, and then tested to see the effectiveness in terms of emotional experience, convergence, creative design and satisfaction. The average scores for post-test were statistically higher than those of pre-test(p<.001), showing positive effectiveness of the eco-STEAM programs developed. This study put out the following conclusions. First, the students got emotional experiences through inquiry and observation. Second, the programs helped students to learn about the environment in their contexts and provided a base for interdisciplinary approach. Third, the students in this study could have opportunities for improving their problem-solving abilities by using the creative design. Forth, the students' interests in the ecological topics were increased throughout regular curricula.
An Analysis on the Recent Research Trend in Korean Elementary Science Education
Lee, A-Ram ; Hong, Young-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 3, 2013, Pages 260~268
With the development of science and technology, an effort to investigate the current research trend of elementary science education will lead to future directions for elementary science education. This study set out to analyze papers published in Elementary Science Education by quantity, subject and methodology for the last ten years. The results were as follows: First, the number of papers has continuously increased for the last 30 years. Second, as for categorization by the functions of elementary science education, the number of papers was mainly published in the field of teacher education, which was followed by learning processes and teaching methods in the order. Third, in the field of the research subjects of elementary science education, many researches were conducted on scientific inquiries and concepts traditionally emphasized in elementary science education, and on gifted education recently implemented as part of national policy. Fourth, as for categorization by the methodologies of elementary science education, a survey study was the most popular, being followed by experimental study and literature study in the order. In recent years, researches based on the case study methodology have visibly grown in numbers, which seems to part of efforts to find implications with new methodologies among researchers facing limitations with the old ones in the middle of uniqueness called education.
An Analysis of Classroom Discourse as an Epistemic Practice: Based on Elementary Science Classrooms
Oh, Phil Seok ; Ahn, Yumin ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 3, 2013, Pages 269~284
The purpose of this study was to investigate the epistemic process in elementary science classrooms by analyzing classroom discourse as a epistemic practice. Data came from four elementary teachers in the form of video-recordings. A total of 12 elementary science lessons were examined to reveal the discursive modes and sequences in which the teacher and students participated when they constructed and developed scientific knowledge during the lessons. Three representative discursive patterns were found in the elementary science lessons explored: (i) 'Retrieving-Retrieving-
' by which well-established scientific knowledge was retrieved repeatedly, (ii) 'Exploring-Building on the Shared' which allowed introducing new scientific knowledge based on the scientific phenomena explored by the teacher and students together through practical work, and (iii) 'Retrieving-Elaborating/Reformulating/Narrating' or 'Building on the Shared-Elaborating/Reformulating/Narrating' which expanded and strengthened scientific knowledge already learned. These discursive patterns were suggested as discursive-epistemic mechanisms employed frequently in the epistemic process in elementary science lessons and as a basis for defining epistemic cultures of science classrooms.
The Effect and Cognition of Open-Inquiry Lesson using Lubric on the Elementary Student's Open-Inquiry
Jung, HyunJu ; Lim, Sungman ; Chun, Jaesun ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 3, 2013, Pages 285~297
The purpose of this research is to find the effect of the lesson using open-inquiry report Lubric on open-inquiry standard and science process skill; to find the change of cognition on open-inquiry for elementary school 5th grade students. Two classes (elementary school 5th grade) were selected which located in a small and medium-sized city for this research and they were separated as an experimental group and a comparative group. Open-inquiry lesson was done by referring teaching method which introduced through the curriculum. The procedure was understanding about open-inquiry, making open-inquiry subject, planning, and performing inquiry, mid-term, performing inquiry, making a report, presentation, and evaluation. Open-inquiry report Lubric which developed by Sook-Kyung Kim et al. (2010) was provided to the experimental group. Comparative group was instructed by using open-inquiry report which introduced to the elementary school 5th grade science text book. Interview paper was developed in order to check out the effect of the research by using a test paper of science process skill. The following could be found out through the research. After open-inquiry lesson, 10 open-inquiry reports(5 reports from experimental group, 5 reports from comparative group) have been drawn at random as samples from the total 62 sets (30 reports from experimental group, 32 reports from comparative group) and evaluated by a researcher and two elementary school teachers who have master degree. The reliability of the 3 scorers was 0.923 of mean correlation coefficient. And then the researcher evaluated all open-inquiry reports. The average score of open-inquiry report was 66.78 for experimental group, 54.27 for comparative group, respectively. And there was a significant difference at p<0.05 level as a result of the t-test. The experimental group rated high at p<0.05 level according to the analysis of post-science process skill test. According to the result of survey, both experimental group and comparative group had understood open-inquiry activity. It was especially rated high for experimental group on understanding scientific inquiry process, interest and satisfaction in open-inquiry and re-participation rate. By interviewing experimental group, it is recognized that the students utilized Lubric very well through the overall process. Finally, self-evaluation was done during open-inquiry activity and it was reported that the students gained more knowledge about science and changed to positive about science. As a result, the lesson using open-inquiry report Lubric was effective for students to improve writing skill of an open-inquiry report and science process skill and finally changed the cognition to positive about open-inquiry lesson.
Development of Teaching Guidelines for Science Research Ethics Education in Elementary School Science
Kim, Seong-Deok ; Kim, Hyo-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 3, 2013, Pages 298~314
The purpose of this study was to develop science research ethics guidelines for elementary school teachers. To develop the guidelines, authors have conducted the following procedures: Development of guidelines through literature reviews; and an application of the developed guidelines to classroom sites. Authors established sections and formats of guidelines for science research ethics through literature reviews and developed contents of major sections and subsections and their explanations and descriptions. After that, authors applied the developed guidelines at elementary science classes and collected data through semi-structured interviews with science class teachers and checklists to reflect on and complement the contents of the guidelines. To secure the validity of guidelines, authors requested a validity assessment to four science education experts and one ethics education specialist. As a result, the CVI for the guidelines was found to be 0.9. Finally, authors developed the final guidelines by adding "Case Examples of Application" by adopting requests of elementary school teachers who used the provisional guidelines.
Teachers' and Students' Perceptions of the Reading Materials in Elementary School Science Textbooks
Kang, Sukjin ; Seok, Jongim ; Koh, Hanjoong ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 3, 2013, Pages 315~326
In this study, we investigated elementary school teachers' and students' perceptions of the reading materials in science textbooks. Participants were 181 teachers from 23 elementary schools who were teaching science and 643 third- to sixth-grade students from 12 elementary schools. A questionnaire for teachers consisted of 18 items and a questionnaire for students consisted of 11 items about their perceptions of the reading materials in science textbooks. Nine to twelve items, according to grades, examining the actual uses of each reading material in science textbooks were also included to both questionnaires. The results indicated that teachers have positive perceptions about reading materials and frequently use them in case of needs for supplement and/or enrichment of science learning. Novice teachers were found to have less positive perceptions about reading materials than expert teachers. Over 70 percent of students responded that they read all reading materials. Fifth- and sixth-grade students were tended to have less positive perceptions about reading materials than third-grade students. Finally, students tended to have more positive perceptions about reading materials than their teachers.
An Analysis of Scientific Concepts Pre-service Elementary School Teachers Have through Semantic Network Analysis
Kim, Dong-Ryeul ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 3, 2013, Pages 327~345
This study aims to investigate how pre-service elementary school teachers understand 'something scientific', 'being scientific', 'scientific events' and 'scientific questions' through semantic network analysis. To achieve this purpose, this study carried out a central analysis of the frequency and density of words and the degree of connection between key words, a concentric analysis, a click analysis and a common network analysis through text semantic network analysis by using NetMiner 4.0 Program. Based on the results of these analyses, this study came to the following conclusions. Firstly, in perceiving 'something scientific', pre-service elementary school teachers recognized 'verification', 'objective' and 'experiment' as most important words. In other words, they perceived that main grounds for something scientific should be provided through clear facts, possible to be verified and accompanied by an exact and logical theoretical system. In regard to 'being scientific', they perceived 'explanation', 'objective' and 'verification' as most important words, while having a traditional point of view that science is a set that can be explained objectively. Secondly, in regard that the term, 'observation', is contained in 'scientific events', they showed a high rate of understanding it as a scientific event. In regard to scientifical reasons, they showed the highest frequency of 'observation', and for unscientific reasons, they showed the highest frequency of 'behavior'. In perceiving 'scientific questions', they showed the highest frequency of determining bacteria-related questions as scientific. As a reason why they thought as scientific, they mentioned 'observation' most frequently like 'scientific events', while mentioning 'value judgement' as a reason why they thought as unscientific most frequently. From the results of integrated network analysis, this study found out that words pre-service teachers commonly used in stating scientific events or scientific questions were overlapped with words they mentioned for scientific events or scientific questions. As a result, it was found there were many pre-service teachers having interpreted scientific words without clearly distinguishing scientific events or scientific questions.
The Effect of Environment Lesson using Multimedia Game on Recognition, Learning Motivation and Achievement of Elementary Students about Alien Species
Park, Sung-Kyong ; Bae, Jinho ; Shim, Kew-Cheol ; Yeau, Sung-Hee ; So, Keum-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 3, 2013, Pages 346~360
The purpose of this study was to develop a multimedia game program as a strategy for teaching alien species and to examine the effect of the program on recognition, motivation and achievement about alien species. In order to find the effect of developed program, 62 students among 6th graders at S Elementary School located in Gyeonggi-do were divided into two groups. Lesson with multimedia game was given to the experimental group, and the control group received traditional lesson. The results were as follows. First, the experimental and control groups showed significant difference in recognition of alien species. Second, the two groups showed statistically significant difference in learning motivation. For the subdomains of the recognition, significant results were obtained at the significance in attentiveness, relevance, confidence and satisfaction. Third, the two groups showed significant difference in academic achievement. Lastly as a result of interviewing subjects of the experimental group about lesson based on game, subjects generally had positive opinions that the new learning method is interesting and has helpful influence on the lesson.
The Development and Application Effects of STEAM Program about 'World of Small Organisms' Unit in Elementary Science
Choi, Youngmi ; Hong, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 3, 2013, Pages 361~377
The purposes of this study were to develop STEAM teaching materials about 'world of small organisms' unit on elementary science education and to apply lesson using them for the 5th and 6th graders. Compared to other STEAM programs studied previously, the STEAM teaching materials of this study includes students' STEAM, teachers' guide, story-telling books and multimedia teaching aids consisted of practical resources to manage STEAM lessons. The whole program was designed from multidisciplinary integration to extradisciplinary integration through activities making creative products, meanwhile each period had discretionary S, T, E, A, M factors specifically. To examine the effects of integrated lesson on scientific knowledge, process skills, and affective domain, the study subjects were divided into two groups. The experimental group was composed of 69 individuals participated in STEAM lesson, while students of the control group were 67 individuals learned through general learning methods. The developed STEAM teaching materials affected significantly on scientific knowledge and affective domain of elementary school students, but process skills were not increased significantly. In the present study, therefore, the approach applying STEAM education could be suggested as alternative learning materials or supplementary teaching materials at the field of small organisms in elementary science sufficiently.