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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Elementary Science Education
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 32, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Animation-based Instruction using "Magic School Bus" on Elementary Students' Level of Understanding and Interests on Plant's Structure and Function
Choi, Seop ; Kim, Heui-Baik ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 379~392
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of animation-based instruction on elementary students' level of understanding and interest on a plant's structure and function, using "Magic School Bus(Joanna Cole, Bruce Degen, 1986)". The understanding and interest measurements were administered to 99 fifth grade students at a elementary school located in Seoul. The study examined the changes in understanding and interest through pre-test and post-test of the two groups. Intensive interviews were conducted to find factors that enhance understanding and interest. Three key findings were revealed from the results. First, the animation-based instruction enhanced the level of understanding in the experimental group compared to the control group. Second, animation-based instruction made high-achieving students enhance their interest in topic component and attitude component. And, animation-based instruction did not led low-achieving students to increase their interest in the topic component and attitude component. We suggest that animation-based instruction positively influences students' understanding, but its effects on students' interest are dependent on their conceptual understanding of the topic.
The Perceptions of Science Teachers Regarding Science Research Ethics Education
Kim, Seong-Deok ; Kim, Hyo-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 393~403
The purpose of this study was to investigate the perception of school teachers in science research ethics and perception of science research ethics education. A survey was administered for this study and a total 167 elementary and secondary teachers studying in K University graduate school participated. The survey was organized to examine participants' 1) science research ethics awareness, 2) status of science research ethics education, and 3) needs for science research ethics education, and 4) the perception of the direction of the science research ethics education in school. Each item was responded using either 1 to 5 Likert type scale, multiple choices questionnaires. The results were as follows: both of elementary and secondary school teachers showed above average interest in science research ethics and secondary school teachers showed significantly higher interest than elementary school teachers(p<0.05). In degree of awareness of science research ethics, plagiarism (M=3.98) was the highest, followed by free-riding(M=3.78), the scientist's social responsibility(M=3.71), and forge(M=3.61). In response science research ethics problem occurs in science education activities more than the average(M=3.39). Teacher's response on the teaching of science research ethics ranges from 3.02 to 4.47, but each science research ethics elements was showed a large deviation. Elementary and secondary school teachers responded that science research ethics education needed(M=4.34). Science research ethics education should be included in the school curriculum. Eighty-five percent of the teachers responded that the science research ethics education should be started from elementary school. 'Discussion-type classes with examples' was preferred as an effective teaching. And teachers needed 'instructional materials' and 'teachers training' for science research ethics education.
Analysis of Children's Experiences in Plants and Their Relationship with Ecological Literacy
Ju, Eun Jeong ; Kim, Jae Geun ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 404~414
This study was conducted for investigating the characteristics of children's experiences in plants and their relationship with ecological literacy. 578 primary students participated in our survey, who consisted of 240 urban and 338 semi-rural children. The questionnaire for this study was composed of items about their experiences in plants and ecological literacy. Children's experiences in plants were classified to 5 factors; indirect/observable, living, investigative, negative, and active experiences in plants. The most important factor of them is indirect/observable experience which tends to be passive. Children's ecological literacy and experiences in plants were not different with a place of residence but had difference with sexual. Most children's experiences in plants had correlation with ecological literacy. Ecological sensibility was the most important variable for explanation of the relation between children's ecological literacy and experiences in plants. It is recommended that supplying experiments in plants to children is important for promoting their ecological literacy.
The Effects of Scientific Program for Gifted Elementary Students using Metacognition on Learning-flow and Lingual Interaction
Lee, Nam Ju ; Paik, Seoung Hey ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 415~422
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of scientific program for gifted elementary students using metacognition on learning-flow and lingual interaction. For the purpose, the two classes for elementary science of P Institute for Gifted Education located in Pusan were assigned to experimental and control groups, respectively. The experimental and controls groups received eight sessions applying a program for scientifically gifted students using metacognition and same program without using it, respectively. The learning-flow test and the lingual interaction observed among students and between teacher and students pre and post program were compared and analyzed. The results shows that there was no significant difference between pretest and posttest in experimental group, indicating that learning-flow is not a construct obtained by short-term using of metacognition. For the lingual interactions, however, the amounts of conversation and the ratio of high level conversation in experimental group were 1.6 and 1.5 times higher than those in control group. This suggests that the lingual interaction may be varied among classes even with same experiments, by instruction method. The lingual interaction is not active in control group where the experimental results may be obtained easily only with sincere attitude while, in experimental group, questions using metacognition and providing intellectual stimulation is continuously presented, leading to high level of lingual interaction, therefore it is considered that the development of scientific program for gifted elementary students using these advantages is needed.
An Analysis of Korean Elementary School Students' Science Achievement in TIMSS 2011
Kim, Jiyoung ; Kim, Soojin ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 423~436
This research purports to analyze released items and G4 students' science achievement from TIMSS 2011 according to their academic achievement levels and gender. By doing so, it aims to draw educational implications for Korea from analyses results. Korea showed a lower rate of students at the advanced international benchmark - the highest achievement level - compared to Singapore. The difference was the smallest in Life Science among three content domains and knowing among three cognitive domains. The results of analysis according to gender showed that male students' achievement was significantly higher in Physical Science and Earth Science, and their achievement was also higher in the cognitive domains of Knowing and Applying. From the analysis of the released items, it was revealed that the students' achievement was low in items related to classification of organisms, functions of heart, matters that combust or emit light, and the concept of rotation. Moreover, students drew some illogical conclusions based on their personal experience. Male students were found to show high achievements in items that were not included in curriculum, constructed-response items in the form of short-answer questions, and multiple-choice items in the Knowing domain. Female students were found to show high achievement in items that were included in curriculum, constructed-response items that require reasons and methods, and items that represent experimental situations. Male students showed high achievement in forces concept and movements concept of bodies in the universe, while female students showed high achievement in solubility concept.
A Case Study on Professional Learning Community of Teachers in Science Education based on the Collaboration of a National University of Education and Its Affiliated Elementary School
Lee, Sun-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 437~451
This study was conducted as a part of the project to establish professional development system(PDS) for teachers in Korea. This study aimed to provide a case of running a professional learning community(PLC) of teachers in science education based on the collaboration of a national university of education and its affiliated elementary school, in search of learning by participants and implications for professional development of teachers as well as for science teaching in elementary schools. Teachers and researchers who participated in the PLC were able to accumulate meaningful experiences through 11 rounds of meetings. It was not easy to secure enough time for meetings, but they were able to boost their self-confidence for science teaching and enhance the quality of lessons through these gatherings. Participating teachers had a chance to share instructional design, planning, strategies and practices, which include cases of guiding free-choice research activities among students, thereby to be motivated for improved science teaching for the future. The researcher participating in this PLC was also able to understand the identity of an elementary school, especially the affiliated school, and identify the reality and difficulties related to science teaching in schools. Experiences of participating in PLC are expected to help improve the quality of science teaching in affiliated elementary school and pre-service teacher education of the university.
Effects on Concepts on Global Warming, Practical Will and Belief on Global Warming Mitigation of Elementary School Students by Experiments Based on Global Warming Program
Byun, Moon-Hee ; Shin, Ae-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 452~463
The purpose of this study was to identify the effectiveness of concepts on global warming, practical will and belief on global warming mitigation by experiments based on global warming program. For this study, 60
grade students were selected in two elementary schools. They were divided into an experimental group and a control group. The students of the experimental group took part in global warming program focusing experiments for 10 lessons during 2 weeks. The students of the control group were taught according to the regular curriculum of
grade about global warming. To identify the effects of this program, both groups' students were tested on concepts on global warming, practical will and belief on global warming mitigation before and after the program implementation. Also the students of the experimental group wrote an essay and gave an interview about the program after implementation. The results were that the experimental group gained higher scores than the control group in the concepts on global warming. The programs improved students' practical will and belief on global warming mitigation. Also this program showed that the students systematically understood on global warming than existing classes in the regular curriculum.
A Comparison of Science Inquiry Problem Finding Ability of Gifted Elementary Students of Science and General Elementary Students
Kim, Min-Hee ; Lee, Seok-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 464~472
The purpose of this study was to analyze the science inquiry problem finding ability of gifted elementary students of science and general elementary students. For this purpose, this study analyzed the types of science inquiry problems in an ill-structured problem finding situation. Also, this study has compared science inquiry problem finding abilities of those two groups. From the results of this study, new ways of improving student' science inquiry problem finding ability and selection of gifted students of science were suggested. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. First, most of the inquiry problems generated by the scientifically gifted and the general students in an ill-structured problem situation could be categorized into seven types (measurement, method, cause, possibility, what, comparison, relationship) according to the inquiry objectives, and both group found more problems in scientific context than in everyday context. Regardless of the context of problem, scientifically gifted students found more problems and the type of problems generated by them were more various than those of general students. Second, there were differences in problem finding ability between scientifically gifted and general students. Scientifically gifted students found more problems and the quality of problems were higher than general students.
Development of Integrated Science and Art Teaching-Learning Programs for the Improvement of Creative Brain Activity of Scientifically Gifted Elementary School Student
Kwon, Young-Sik ; Lee, Kil-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 473~484
The purpose of this study was to develop science and art integrated program to improve the creativity of scientifically gifted elementary school students. This study was to develop science and art integrated program to enhance the creativity of these subjects. This program was consisted of 30 lessons covering 10 topics. It was developed of five stages including the observation stage reflecting the characteristics of the right hemisphere relevant to creativity, the interest and curiosity stage, the experiment design and performing stage, the internalization stage, and the stage of expressing arts. This program was applied to 20 senior gifted students in Y Elementary School in Gyeonggi province. Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking(TTCT) was used in order to investigate and measure the effectiveness of the program before and after its use in class. The results of this study are as follows: First, this program showed results of significant improvement of creativity of scientifically gifted elementary school students after its use in class(p<.05). Second, it was significantly effective in increasing their creativity, especially in the subdomains such as originality, abstractness of title, and territory of resistance on hasty conclusions after its use in class(p<.05). Third, it was significantly effective to increase the Creativity Index that represents creative potential(p<.01). In particular, emotional expression, internalized visualization, unique visualization, and richness of the imagery emerged. This study implies that the science and art integrated program was closely related to the right hemisphere of the features enabling the subjects to create new ideas, new things, and new reactions. In addition, this program is expected to contribute to activate the brain areas of creativity for gifted students in the science field.
The Enhancement of Critical Thinking Skill by the Logical Thinking Skill about the Elementary School's Pupil through the Activities of 'Thinking Science'
Yang, Haeyeoung ; Kang, Soonhee ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 485~494
The purpose of this study was to know that the 'Thinking Science' activities affects the enhancement of critical thinking skill by the logical thinking skill about pupils in the
grade of elementary school in Korea. The 19 activities of 'Thinking Science' as the teaching materials was implemented to 40 pupils in elementary school over 13 weeks. Results indicated that the experimental group presented statistically meaningful improvement in logical thinking skills(p<.05). Those teaching materials contributed to improve 3 logical sub-elements significantly(p<.05) as the proportional logical element, the probabilistic logical element, and combinational logical element. But, there was no significant improvement in conservational logical element, control of variable element, and correlational element(p<.05).
North Korean Immigrant Elementary Students' Cognitive and Affective Characteristics Related to Science Education
Noh, Suk Goo ; Oh, Phil Seok ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 495~502
The purpose of this study was to explore North Korean immigrant elementary students' cognitive and affective characteristics related to science education. A total of 68 North Korean immigrant students enrolled in 3 to 6 grades and 133 South Korean students in 4 and 6 grades in 3 South Korean elementary schools participated in the study. A short version of Group Assessment of Logical Thinking(GALT) was used to investigate the students' levels of logical thinking, and the Enjoyment of Science Lessons Scale(ESLS) of the Test of Science Related Attitudes(TOSRA) was administrated to examine their attitudes towards science lessons. The statistical analysis of data revealed that the level of logical thinking of the North Korean immigrant elementary students was very low and that this was also the case for the South Korean students. Especially, the mean score of logical thinking of the North Korean immigrant 6 graders was much lower when compared with that of the South Korean counterparts. For both the North Korean immigrant students and South Korean students, the enjoyment of science lessons decreased as they progressed through higher grades. This decreasing trend, however, turned out to be more serious in the South Korean elementary students. Based on these results, suggestions were presented to help successful science learning of North Korean immigrant elementary students.
Elementary Students' Perception Analysis on Fossil
Kim, Deok-Ho ; Hong, Seung-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 503~514
The purpose of this study is to investigate the perception on fossil in elementary science 'Earth and Space' domain for elementary school students. For this purpose, the fossil perception inventory was developed. And the fossil perception was examined for random sampling of 5th and 6th grade 635 students. As a result, students chosen incorrect answer of the average 30.8% for questions of fossil perception. Over the average rate of incorrect answers in 20 questions were 8 questions(3 in the definitions for fossil, 2 in the creation of fossil, 2 in the fossil, sedimentary, stratum, 1 in the understanding for fossil). When the results were analyzed by residence and grade, there were significant differences in 7 questions between students in urban and rural areas, and between 5th and 6th students, there were important contrasts in 4 questions. The data that understanding of elementary students fossil can be provided for form the basis planning the teaching method to correct student's scientific concepts in elementary school. The results are also contributed to find an effective way for modify misconceptions of fossils to the scientific concepts.
An Investigation of Science-related Activities Perceived by Elementary School Students
Yang, Chanho ; Bae, Yujin ; Kim, Chan-Jong ; Choe, Seung-Urn ; Kim, Heui-Baik ; Yoo, Junehee ; Yi, Kyung-Woo ; Kye, Young Hee ; Noh, Teahee ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 515~526
In this study, we investigated science-related activities in everyday life perceived by elementary school students, and their preference and participation in the activities. We also analyzed the differences by student's gender and interest in science. We developed a questionnaire of what activities elementary school students participated in daily experiences and how they perceived the connections of the activities with science. The questionnaire that was asked to rate the degrees of science-relatedness, preference, and participation of 35 activities was administered to fifth graders. The analysis of the results revealed that they perceived various everyday activities in their home and community as well as school were related to science. They generally preferred and participated in the activities. Boys perceived some activities, such as building things with magnets, Legos, or other toy and tools, more closely related to science, and the degrees of their preference and participation in these activities were higher than those of girls. It was also found that the students who were more interested in science not only perceived more activities related to science but also preferred and participated in the activities more. Educational implications of these findings are discussed.
Elementary School Teachers' Understanding of Image
Kwon, Gyeong-Pil ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 527~534
This study investigated elementary school teachers' understanding of the image formation by converging lens, pinholes camera, mirror and water. In each case teachers were asked to draw the ray diagram to indicate the position of the image. Teachers' ray diagrams were analyzed in accordance with the scientific process of image formation. Results of analysis showed that teacher's conceptions were classified into five levels for each situation. And most of the teachers were in level 3 and level 4 in each case. Because they had difficulties in the appling scientific conception(propagating path of light, diffused reflection from each object point, role of the eye, ray tracing) to finding location of image. Also most of teachers didn't know how to apply the law of reflection and refraction to each situation. The study finally discussed the teacher training program of the optical image.
Analysis of Elementary Teachers' Professional Performance about Science Teaching Practice according to Their Personal Variables
Yeo, Sang-Ihn ; Sung, Seung-Min ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 535~544
The purpose of this study is to analyze the elementary teachers' professional performance about science teaching practice according to their personal variables. For this study, professional performance test was modified based on Woo's 'framework for progression and learning in the professional development of elementary teachers' science teaching practice', which included 6 elements such as 'lesson plans', 'creating the learning environment', 'inquiry', 'conceptual understanding', 'practical application', and 'assessment'. And then it conducted to 79 elementary teachers. The collected data were analyzed by the statistical package SPSS. The results of this study were as follows: There was statistically significant difference in the sub-domains of professional performance according to teachers' career, experience of training program, deciding method of exclusive subject. But there was almost no significant difference in other personal variables, such as gender, major, etc. Findings suggest that there are needs of further study about interaction effects of personal variables affecting teachers' professional performance of science teaching practice in detail.
Comparisons of Students's Associations with and Learning Objectives Statements on Illustrations of Science Textbooks Before and After the Lessons - Focusing on the Earth and Space Units of the 5th Grade in 2007 Science Curriculum -
Shin, Myeong-Kyeong ; Song, Tea-Hun ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 545~556
The purpose of this research was to enhance the understanding of scientific thinking of
graders of elementary school through conducting investigative analyses on the students' associations with regard to illustrations on science textbooks and to provide basic data that are needed for the teachers teaching science in classrooms to reorganize textbook illustrations suitable to the realities of science contents and realms. In order to achieve the research purposes, subject
grade students were asked to write down what they associated with the illustrations on the matter part of the
science textbooks of elementary school: among 14 illustrations, a half of them were after lessons and other half from before lessons. The types of students' learning goal statements according to Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives were compared with the learning objectives provided in teachers' guide. The differences between before and after lessons in associated words which students used responding to given illustrations were investigated. Students' responses were analyzed in terms of how their associations were consistent with what their preference of learning objectives would be as well. Students variables including their achievement levels and gender were used as group variables in order to locate their effects on differences in their associations before and after the lessons. It was found that students manipulated the given illustrations more variously with more explanations before the lessons than after. After the lessons students tended to describe the illustrations more homogeneously and made theirs stick on the given direction by the textbooks. The implications for how school teaching affected to students' perception was made.
The Effects of Science Lesson Applying STEAM Education on Science Learning Motivation and Science Academic Achievement of Elementary School Students
Bae, Jin-Ho ; Yun, Bong-Hee ; Kim, Jin-Su ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 557~566
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of science lesson applying STEAM education on the science learning motivation and science academic achievement of elementary school students. The study subjects were four classes of the 5th grade of M elementary school in B Metropolitan City. Two classes including 64 students were experimental group and the others including 65 students were comparison group. For the purpose of study, the lesson unit 'The human body' were practised, the recomposed unit applying STEAM was applied to experimental group, whereas comparison group was taught traditional science lesson. The results of this study were as follows. First, the science lesson applying STEAM education influenced significantly the improvement of the science learning motivation of elementary school students. Second, the science lesson applying STEAM education influenced significantly the improvement of the science academic achievement of elementary school students.
The Effects of Science and Art Integrated Program on Brain Activity of Gifted Students in Science
Kwon, Young-Sik ; Lee, Kil-Jae ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 567~580
This study is to activate gifted students' brains for creativity ability and also an integrated science and art teaching program. The learning programs integrating science and art, which have 30 periods and 10 topics on art and the knowledge of science, were developed dependant on five steps - observing, having interests and curiosity, experimental designing and performing, internalizing, and expressing in an arts-based manner. This programs were applied to 20 senior gifted students in Y Elementary School in Gyeonggi province, by one group pretest-posttest design. The results from these integrated programs of science and art are as follows: First, in the performance of science tasks, prefrontal lobe(F7, FT7) of left brain increase the relative power of theta wave, whereas in the performance of drawing tasks increase the relative power of beta wave in prefrontal lobe(FP1) of left brain, bilateral frontal(F7, F3, Fz, F4, F8, FT7, FC3, FCz), bilateral temporal(T7, TP7, TP8, P7), parietal lobe of left brain(CP3, CPz, P3, Pz), bilateral occipital(O1, Oz, O2). Second, in the performance of science tasks, the relative power of beta wave activity in the left temporal lobe(T7) of the brains of talented students in science significantly decreased whereas it was greatly activated in another part, the left frontal lobe(F3) of the brain (p<.05). Third, in the performance of drawing tasks, the relative power of theta wave activity in five areas of the brain, namely the left temporal lobe(T7), the left frontal lobe(F3), the right frontal lobe(F4), and the left and right parietal lobes of gifted students in science who took the course of the integrated programs, was considerably increased statistically(p<.05). On top of that, these programs were especially effective in balancing the symmetrical development of both cerebral hemispheres by multiplying theta wave activity in the frontal lobes(F3, F4) and the parietal lobes(CP3, P3, P4), which are particularly related to creative thinking. According to the results of this study of brain-based teaching strategies combining science and art, it is an effective program to develop overall activate gifted students' brains for creativity ability. This is expected to be utilized to activate the brain areas for creativity of gifted students in science.
The Effect of Science Cartoon Reading on the Levels of Interest in Science, the Academic Achievements and the Scientific Attitudes of Elementary Students
Song, Ji-Jeong ; Lee, Hyeong-Cheol ; Yoo, Pyoung-Kil ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 581~592
Various data and methods are necessary to help students understand the science subject, and have interest in it. Most students like cartoons, and more easily memorize their contents. The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of science cartoon reading on the academic achiements, the levels of interests in science and scientific attitudes of elementary students The study subjects were four classes of the 6th grade of G elementary school in U city. Two classes were experimental group and the others were comparison group. The students of the experimental classes were encouraged to read science cartoon related to class contents at the beginning and ending for 5 minutes respectively in instructional time. And those of the comparison classes received general science lesson. The results of this study were as follows. First, the experimental classes encouraged to read science cartoon marked higher average score than comparison classes in post-test and the difference was meaningful (p<.05). This meant science cartoon reading treatment had the effect of improvement of the levels of interest in science of student. Second, the experimental classes marked higher average score than comparison classes in post-test but didn't show meaningful difference. This meant science cartoon reading treatment didn't have the effect of improvement of academic achievement of students in our study. Third, the experimental classes marked higher average score than comparison classes in post-test and showed the meaningful difference(p<.05). This meant science cartoon reading treatment had the effect of improvement of scientific attitudes of students. From the results thus far, we could tell that science cartoon reading had positive effects on the levels of interest in science and scientific attitudes of students in our study.
The Effect of Science-based STEAM Program using a Portfolio on Elementary Students' Formation of Science Concepts
Kang, Juhee ; Ju, Eun Jeong ; Jang, Shinho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 32, issue 4, 2013, Pages 593~606
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of science-based STEAM program using a portfolio on elementary students' formation of science concepts and investigate students' opinion about the program. The developed program was applied to 1 experimental class(10 boys and 12 girls) and general science lessons, using a science textbook, was applied to 1 controlled class(11 boys and 13 girls) of
grade students at S elementary school in Seoul through a total 6 sessions. Concept tests of the solar system were conducted before and after lessons and analysis of covariance was conducted. The results of this study were as follows. First, science-based STEAM program using a portfolio was effective to form science concepts. Second, students opinion about science-based STEAM program using a portfolio was positive. Students think the program was effective in understanding science contents, promoting thinking, self-motivation. It is expected that this study will be basic material to expand STEAM in science education.