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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Elementary Science Education
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Aug 2016
Volume 35, Issue 2 - May 2016
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
Selecting the target year
The Analysis on Question's Patterns in Elementary School Science Teacher's Guidebooks of 5, 6th Grade under the 2009 Revised Curriculum
Kim, Gyeong-ah ; Lee, Hyeong-cheol ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 35, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.15267/keses.2016.35.1.001
The purpose of this study was to analyze question's patterns in elementary school science teacher's guide books of 5, 6th grade under the 2009 revised curriculum. A modified analysis framework based on Blosser's classified system was used to analyze 1,982 questions extracted from elementary science teacher's guide books by grade, by domain, and by teaching and learning stage. The findings of this study were as follows. First, of the 1,982 questions, the most prominent type of question was the propositional question and the following was the reproductive question. And, in comparing the question's patterns between 5, 6th grade, it was found that 6th grade had higher rate of close typed question, while 5th grade had higher rate of open typed question in its curriculum. Secondly, a comparative study about two domains, material and energy science domain and earth and life science domain, showed that the number of questions of each domain was not much different. However, it was found that propositional questions and applicable questions showed a higher rate in material and energy science domain, and anticipated questions and open typed questions including divergent and evaluative question showed higher rate in earth and life science domain. Moreover, although the total number of questions from integration and my fun research domain's contents was small, the rate of open typed questions was higher than any other domains. Finally, as a result of comparing and analyzing question's pattern in teaching and learning stages, the rate of reproductive question and anticipated questions was high at the stage of introduction. At the stage of development, the rate of propositional and reproductive questions was high. At the stage of conclusion, the rate of synthetic and applicable questions was high.
The Effects of Science based Enrichment STEAM Gifted Program on Creative Thinking Activities and Emotional Intelligence of Elementary Science Gifted Students
Oh, Dong-ju ; Bae, Jin-Ho ; Park, Su-hong ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 35, issue 1, 2016, Pages 13~25
DOI : 10.15267/keses.2016.35.1.013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of science based enrichment STEAM gifted program on the creative thinking activities and emotional intelligence of elementary science gifted students. The study subjects were two science gifted classes of the 5th grade of local Office of Education in B Metropolitan City. One class including 20 students was experimental group and the other including 20 students was comparison group. For the purpose of study, the lesson unit 'The world of light through science' was practised, the science based enrichment STEAM gifted program was applied to experimental group, whereas comparison group was taught traditional gifted lesson. The results of this study were as follows. First, science based enrichment STEAM gifted program influenced significantly the improvement of the creative thinking activities of elementary science gifted students. Second, science based enrichment STEAM gifted program was showed to enhance the emotional intelligence of elementary science gifted students significantly.
Analysis of Characteristics of Material-Centered Integrated Unit in Finland Elementary Science Textbook
Chae, HeeIn ; Noh, SukGoo ; Lee, SoYoung ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 35, issue 1, 2016, Pages 26~38
DOI : 10.15267/keses.2016.35.1.026
The purpose of this study was to grasp the characteristics of composition regarding the material-centered integrated unit of environmental and natural studies, a science subject in Finland, to investigate a need for applying the material-centered integrated unit to the science curriculum of Korea. For the purpose, the study made an analysis on contents, inquiry activities, and visual materials (the most important in the elementary science curriculum and textbook composition), and it brought following results: First, as a result of analyzing the area of contents, the bicycle material-centered integrated unit comprised a large proportion of 44 pages (25.3%) of the whole 174 pages from the environmental and natural studies textbook for the third grade. The contents included such various concepts as traffic rules, safety, environmental protection and pollution, recycling and separate collection, tubes and triangular structures, wedges and screws, leverage, wheels, axles, gears, elasticity (spring), friction, and so on. Second, as a result of analyzing contents related to the thinking ability of inquiry activities, "expecting or confirming expectations" and "application" are included in every lesson, and one lesson is composed in such a way that students can study on bicycles as a practical material for their daily life and they can improve various thinking abilities. Third, as a result of analyzing the circumstances of inquiry activities, daily circumstances made up eight lessons (80.0%) and technical and social circumstances made up two lessons (20.0%) by focusing on bicycles, a material related to students' daily life. Fourth, as a result of analyzing visual materials, the percentage of pictures and photos was high at 53.4% and 45.2% respectively. As a result of analyzing the role of visual materials, the percentage of the illustrative role and explanatory-complementary role was high at 52.1% and 47.9% respectively. Lastly, as a result of analyzing from the epistemological view to interpret the relation between visual materials and students and the position of visual materials, the visual textbook materials were provided toward a way that students can decrease their feeling of epistemological separation in the three fields of ideational metafunction, interpersonal metafunction, and textual metafunction.
The Changes of Students' Learning and Identity through Science Class Participations - Focused on 'Seasonal Change' Unit -
Lee, Jeong-A ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 35, issue 1, 2016, Pages 39~53
DOI : 10.15267/keses.2016.35.1.039
This study aimed to understand students' learning in elementary science classes in terms of participatory perspective. Participatory perspective is based on the participationist views on learning. Based on the participatory perspective, this study used two concepts of participationism: 'the changes of learning on commognition' of Sfard (2007) and 'the identity' of Wenger (1998/2007). Based on these concepts, four episodes of an elementary science class were analyzed. The results showed that students carried out their learning from objective-level learning to meta-level learning. And students defined who they are by identifying and negotiating scientific meaning during the learning. These results showed students become members of science community through their participations in science class.
The Effects of Instructional Strategy using Thinking Maps focused on Drawing in Elementary School Science
Kim, Jung-Sun ; Park, Jae-Keun ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 35, issue 1, 2016, Pages 54~64
DOI : 10.15267/keses.2016.35.1.054
The purpose of this study is to develop instructional strategy which utilizes thinking maps focused on drawing as a measure to enhance science learning motivation, self-directed learning activity and science academic achievement of learners, and to examine the effects of its application. The target unit for this study is 'life cycle of plants' in the fourth grade of elementary school. Two classes of 4th grades of elementary school were selected and divided into two groups. The learners of experimental group have completed thinking map by drawing a picture to express the results to be observed and measured, and used it to arrange the learning contents. The result of this study is as follows. First, it is proven that using thinking maps focused on drawing actually helped improving the motivation of learners to study science. Second, it is proven that this strategy was effective to change their self-directed learning ability in positive ways. Third, it contributed to the improvement of learners' science academic achievement. We found out that the application of this strategy enabled them to enjoy the mapping using drawing, to be immersed in learning, to better recognize the scientific concepts and the structure of learning contents, and to have a positive awareness of the usefulness of thinking maps focused on drawing.
An Analysis of Multimedia Materials in E-works (E-book) of Elementary Science Textbook
Ha, Ji-hoon ; Shin, Youngjoon ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 35, issue 1, 2016, Pages 65~77
DOI : 10.15267/keses.2016.35.1.065
The purpose of this paper was to analyze the kinds and roles of multimedia materials in E-works that are distributed with elementary textbooks (3~6 grade) of the 2009 revised science curriculum. Five criteria (forms, goals, key competencies, inquiry process, running time) were set for this. The sample of the paper was the 784 multimedia materials in E-works of elementary science textbooks (3~6 grade) of the 2009 revised science curriculum. The results of the multimedia materials analysis are as follows: The result of the material forms of multimedia is that the form of highest ratio is text type. But all forms were used evenly in E-work. 56.2% of the multimedia materials are for "inquiry" in the goal criteria, and 65.0% of the multimedia materials are related to "science inquiry" in the key competencies criteria. Two facts indicate many multimedia is used to develop students' inquiry ability. However the ratio of multimedia materials in motivation step is higher than that in inquiry activity step. In analysis of running time, the ratio of "under 5 min" multimedia materials is the highest. But, the ratio of 5~10 min multimedia materials in inquiry part is higher than that in motivation part in The Chi-square test between "running time" and "parts" that consist of motivation part and inquiry part. Through the analysis of module and the categorizing the multimedia materials, we found that the multimedia materials play eleven roles in E-works that are distributed with elementary textbooks.
The Effects of Science Lesson with the Application of Flipped Learning on Science Academic Achievement and Scientific Attitude
Lee, Byeong-hee ; Lee, Hyeong-cheol ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 35, issue 1, 2016, Pages 78~88
DOI : 10.15267/keses.2016.35.1.078
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of science lesson with the application of Flipped Learning on science academic achievement and scientific attitude of students. The experimental group was composed of 50 students and the comparative group was composed of 50, both in
grade. The two groups were statistically equivalent in their science academic achievement and scientific attitude when pre-tests were conducted. The experimental group received science instruction applied with Flipped Learning and the comparative group took typical science lesson according to a teacher's guide. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: First, the science lesson with the application of Flipped Learning was more significantly effective in improving students' science academic achievement than traditional science lesson. Second, the science lesson combined with Flipped Learning enhanced scientific attitudes of students with meaningful difference more than typical science lesson. Third, a survey research was conducted to the experimental group about their cognition on the lessons with the application of Flipped Learning. Many students had positive thoughts on this lesson and they thought the lesson was very interesting and understandable.
Elementary School Teachers' Perceptions on Science Contests
Lee, Nam Hee ; Lim, Heejun ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 35, issue 1, 2016, Pages 89~97
DOI : 10.15267/keses.2016.35.1.089
Science contest is one of the important programs of extracurricular school science activities which give various experience for science learning. In order to understand teachers' perceptions on science contests in elementary school, this study investigated teachers' awareness of science contests, perceptions and difficulties in carrying out science contests in each school, their perceptions on the preparing process of statewide science contest, and the preference of the types of preliminary science contests. 196 teachers were responded to survey, and 8 teachers were interviewed. The results showed that elementary teachers were aware of various science contests through their in-school experiences. The main difficulties of teacher on science contests was lack of professionalism on science and science contests. While teachers preferred the preliminary round of contest by contest's host to the preliminaries of science contest in each school. They also worried about the intimidation of science month's festival in schools. Based on the understanding of the teachers' perceptions on science contests, educational implications were discussed.
The Difficulties and Needs of Pre-service Elementary Teachers in the Science Class utilizing Smart Technologies in Teaching Practice
Na, Jiyeon ; Jang, Byung-Ghi ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 35, issue 1, 2016, Pages 98~110
DOI : 10.15267/keses.2016.35.1.098
The purpose of this study is to identify pre-service elementary school teachers' difficulties and needs in the science class utilizing smart technologies. The participants were nine pre-service elementary teachers who had practical training at an elementary school and took classes related to technology, pedagogy, and science knowledge. The data was collected through semi-constructed and in-depth interviews. The documents such as participants' guidance plans, daily records produced in teaching practice was collected and analyzed. The results of the research are as follow: Pre-service teachers have usually used the technology as a secondary transfer media to convey the knowledge. We found that the pre-service elementary teachers had 15 difficulties in the science class utilizing smart technologies. In addition, they needed a class to focus more on teaching them by integrating technology knowledge, pedagogy knowledge, and science knowledge, and by sharing a real case of science class utilizing smart technologies.
Examining Elementary School Students' Awareness about Socio-scientific Issues and Solutions about Environmental Topics by Using Their Drawings
Lee, Yoonjeong ; Ju, Eunjeong ; Jang, Shinho ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 35, issue 1, 2016, Pages 111~122
DOI : 10.15267/keses.2016.35.1.111
The purpose of this study was to investigate elementary school students' awareness about socio-scientific issues and solutions about environmental topics by using their drawings. For this study, 489 students were participated in 3 provincial regions, Incheon, Dangjin and Pohang in Korea. The students participated in a drawing activity to express their ideas of the socio-scientific issues and solutions related to 'environmental problems.' The analysis of the data include that the students displayed most awareness towards air pollution, water pollution and trash problems. However, the global environmental problems such as global warming and climate change were perceived very low. The interesting thing was about 8% of the students, who drew global environmental problems, tried to explain their drawings using scientific knowledge. But they revealed misconceptions as well. For instance, they were not good at connecting their science knowledge with environmental problems. About 80% of the students drew the pictures, showing solutions in personal context. They mainly drew 3 kinds of solutions: 'Reduce trash', 'Preserve ecosystem' and 'Saving of resources & energy'. Most students suggested to administrate the action plans. About 19% of the students drew 'campaign to save the forest' or 'develop alternative energy' in social context. And only 1 student drew UN conference to solve the environmental problems in national context.
Analysis of Factors affecting Elementary School Students' Follow-up Interests on Instructional Topics of Small Organisms' World
Kim, Lae-Hyun ; Lim, Chae-Seong ;
Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education, volume 35, issue 1, 2016, Pages 123~135
DOI : 10.15267/keses.2016.35.1.123
Interest is one of the important factors in science education. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting the follow-up interest of elementary school students on topics of 'Small Organisms' World'. The follow-up interests of the students on the topic were grouped into three categories; the developed-expanded-deepened (EDD), the simply expanded and maintained (SEM), and the stoped or decreased (SD) types. Each types had specific distinguishing features. Through the examination of students' responses and the in-depth interviews, the factors affecting on the follow-up interests of the students were analyzed. The factors were classified into two types of the external factor and the internal one. While the external factors were mainly related to the instructional materials used in science class and teaching methods, the internal factors were related to the desire for knowing, prior knowledge, students' experience and attitude toward the topics of science. In relation to the types of the follow-up interests, these factors were affected by different causes. The EDD type was most affected by internal factors, such as desire for knowing and prior knowledge. The SEM type was shown to be most affected by external factors, such as instructional materials. The SD type was mainly influenced by external factors, such as teaching methods. From the analysis of internal factors, it was revealed that the attitude and the prior knowledge about the topic are related with the follow-up interests. There was a positive relationship between the levels of science attitude and science knowledge. The students who had EDD type had a higher level of attitude and knowledge. However, there were some students who had higher level of scientific knowledge with SD type. The results of in-depth interviews showed that they were influenced by negative perceptions about science and stress on their grades. In conclusion, each follow-up interest type were caused by the external factors contained in the processes of the science class and the internal ones associated with the individual features and were influenced by the science class. So, the teacher should help the students be able to have the EDD type of follow-up interest which is persisted even after the completion of the science curriculum. For this, when the teachers design science curriculum and plan lesson, they should consider both internal and external factors significantly influencing the students' follow-up interests.