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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Dec 1985
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A STUDY ON THE ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECT OF SOME INTRACANAL - MEDICAMENT
Kim, Yung-Hai ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 11, issue 1, 1985, Pages 7~10
Coccal form of microorganism (staphylococcus) isolated from infected root canal was inoculated on the thioglycolate agar and paper discs (5mm in diameter) immersed with 0.1ml of 10% Formaldehyde, Thymol, Eugenol Phenol (90%) and 5% Silver nitrate were placed on the media. The thioglycolate plate was incubated at
for 48 hours. Inhibition zone was measured as follow: The greatest value was 3.9mm at Formaldehyde, next followed Thymol 3.6mm, Eugenol 3.5mm and Phenol 3.4mm. The least value, 3.0mm was found at Silver nitrate.
A SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STUDY OF CAVITY WALL
Lee, Myung-Jong ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 11, issue 1, 1985, Pages 11~18
The purpose of this study was to observe the facial, lingual and gingival walls of the cavity walls with various kinds of cutting tools. Class II cavities were prepared in newly extracted sound humen mandibular 1st left premolars, and observed in Sanning electron microscope. Diamond point (#201) and Tungsten Carbide burs (#170L) were used in ultra high speed handpieces (rpm 200000), and Tungsten Carbide bur (#702) and Steel bur (#560) were used in conventional handpieces (rpm 6000). All cavities were prepared under water spray, except for some which were finished with a dry abrasive stone (#57). Some cavities were finished with chisels (#41, 42, 83). The following results were obtained. 1. The cavity walls prepared with Diamond point were rougher than the cavity walls with Carbide burs and Steel burs. 2. The chisels were produced the smoothest surface. 3. The cavity walls which were prepared with cutting blades rotated toward enamel surface from outside, were smoother than cavity walls which were prepared with cutting blades rotated toward outside from the enamel surface.
CLINICAL STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF VITAPEX AND CALCIUM HYDROXIDE TO APEXIFICATION
Yoon, Soo-Han ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 11, issue 1, 1985, Pages 19~25
To compare calcium hydroxide with Vitapex paste in the effect of apical closure, apexification was done with two medicaments in the nine teeth of seven patients visiting at SNUDH, and then, after radiographic and clinical observation of at least six months, the author concluded the followings: 1. The significant differences between calcium hydroxide and Vitapex paste were not observed in the effect of apical closure. 2. In calcium hydroxide group, the resorption of the paste within the canal was not observed, but in Vitapex group, observed. 3. In both calcium hydroxide group and Vitapex group, the progressive healing of apical lesion was observed. 4. The progressive resorption of Vitapex paste out of the apical foramen was observed.
THE EFFECTS OF INSTRUMENTATION WITH SOME ENDODONTIC IRRIGANTS ON THE APICAL SEAL OF ROOT CANAL
Lim, Sung-Sam ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 11, issue 1, 1985, Pages 27~32
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of canal irrigants and smear layer on the property of apical seal. Fourty-five canals from human teeth were randomly selected and divided into 5 groups according to the irrigants used in conjunction with instrumentation. The irrigants were RC-prep in combination with Naocl, Citric acid, Naocl, Naocl in combination with
, and normal saline solution. After instrumention and dry the canal with paper point, the canals were obturated by lateral condensation of Zinc-oxide eugenol sealer and gutta percha cone. All the specimens were immersed in 2% methylene blue dye solution for 7 days and the depth of dye penetration into the canals was evaluated by macros cope. The following results were obtained. 1. All the canals experimented showed varying degree of dye penetration. 2. There was no significant difference in depth of dye penetration between the groups known to be effective and ineffective in the removal of the smear layer. 3. The canals irrigated with NaOCl alone showed the highest dye penetration and mean leakage was 7.7 mm. 4. In the canals irrigated with RC-prep in combination with Naocl and citric acid, the mean dye penetration was 5.5 mm and 4.8 mm respectively, and the canals irrigated with NaOCl in combination with
and normal saline solution revealed mean dye penetration of 3.9 mm.
A STUDY OF THE CRAZING OF TOOTH STRUCTURE ASSOCIATED WITH PLACEMENT OF PINS
Na, Young-Min ; Choi, Ho-Young ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Park, Sang-Jin ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 11, issue 1, 1985, Pages 33~41
The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of tooth structure crazing when pinhole were drilled in dentin at various distances from the dentionenamel junction, and when pins were inserted by hand wrench and Auto-klutch handpiece. Sixty freshly extracted teeth were embedded in blocks of cold-curing acrylic resin to a level 1mm apical to the cementoenamel junction, the crown of the teeth were removed to a level 1.5mm coronal to the cementoenamel junction. After being sectioned, the cut surface of the teeth were smoothed, and they were divided into 4 groups. Group I : 4 pinholes were drilled with self-threading Minim spiral drill and pins were inserted with hand wrench in fifteen teeth. Group II : 4 pinholes were drilled with self-threading Minim spiral drill and pins were inserted with Auto-klutch handpiece in fifteen teeth. Group III : 4 pinholes were drilled with self-threading Regular spiral drill and pins were inserted with hand wrench in fifteen teeth. Group IV : 4 pinholes were drilled with self-threading Regular spiral drill and pins were inserted with Auto-klutch handpiece in fifteen teeth. The cut surface were then examined microscopically for the presence or absence of craze line. The results were as follows: 1. The self-threading Minim pin groups (Group I & II) produced less craze lines than did the self-threading Regular pin groups (Group III & IV). 2. In the self-threading Minim pin groups, there was more craze lines with hand wrench (Group I) than with Auto-klutch handpiece (Group 11). 3. In the self-threading Regular pin groups, there was more craze lines with hand wrench (Group III) than with Auto-klutch handpiece (Group IV). 4. Placement of the pinhole at 0.0mm from the dentionenamel junction produced more craze lines than placed at 0.5mm, 1.0mm (p<0.05), however there was no statistically significant between the 0.5mm and 1.0mm distance.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON HARDNESS IN VISIBLE LIGHT-CURED COMPOSITE RESIN AT VARYING DEPTH
Myoung, Jae-Keun ; Lee, Myoung-Jong ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 11, issue 1, 1985, Pages 43~52
The purpose of this study was to measure the Micro-Knoop Hardness of three commercial visible light-cured composite resins (Plurafil-super, He1iosit and Durafi) according to the difference of depth and shade. Specimens of the resin were prepapared in plastic tubes 5mm in diameter with height of 5mm, and the tubes were put into the columned holes in stone molds. The molds were exposed to the visible light through the hole 5mm in diameter in metal plate. Specimens were sectioned (longitudinally) with disk. Knoop Hardness measurements were made at the depth of surface, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0mm from the surface to the deep portion. Knoop Hardness numbers were taken on each depth under 20gm load for 10 seconds with Shimadzu Tester. The following results were: 1. The highest hardness value was measured at 0.5mm depth. Then the deeper the depth, the lesser the hardness was observed. 2. The value of hardness was directly propotional to the time of exposure to the light. 3. The hardness of light shade resin was higher than the that of the dark shade. 4. The pattern of hardness change at varying depth is similar to all the experimental materials with no relation to the shade nor exposure time.
A STUDY OF THE APICAL LEAKAGE OF VARIOUS RETROGRADE TECHNIQUES
Park, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Chan-Young ; Lee, Seung-Jong ; Lee, Chung-Suck ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 11, issue 1, 1985, Pages 53~61
This study was conducted to evaluate and compare the apical leakage in the following retrograde techniques; apicoectomys, retrograde filling with zinc oxide eugenol cement, non-zinc and zinc amalgam, and cold-burnished gutta-percha method. One hundred twenty five upper anterior and lower premolar teeth were divided into five above mentioned groups and each tooth was individually prepared for its particular group. The specimens were incubated at
for 14 days and then were infiltrated by 2% methylene blue for 24 hours. The apical leakage was evaluated by measuring the degree of dye penetration between the filling material and the canal wall. The results were as follows: 1. The cold-burnished gutta-percha group showed the least amount of apical leakage and the apicoectomy group showed the greastest amount of apical leakage. 2. Statistics showed that there were significant differences among the groups (P<0.05), however there was no difference between the zinc oxide eugenol cement retrograde filling group and the non-zinc amalgam retrograde filling group (P>0.05).
IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL STUDY ON LYMPHOCYTE DISTRIBUTION IN ENDODONTICALLY TREATED AND UNTREATED PERIAPICAL LESIONS
Oh, Tae-Seok ; Lim, Sung-Sam ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 11, issue 1, 1985, Pages 63~75
This study was designed to identify lymphocytes and to compare the lymphocyte distribution in endoodontically treated periapical lesions with that in endodontically untreated periapical lesions by way of immunohistochemical staining. Twenty-one human dental periapical lesions were obtained, frozened, serially sectioned to
, and stained using the three-stage indirect immunoperoxidase technique and monoclonal antibodies for detecting the presence of B,T lymphocyte and T suppressor cell. Following results were obtained; 1. All of the examined periapical lesions had positive staining for B,T lymphocyte and T suppressor cell. 2. The concentration of T lymphocytes in 18 lesions diagnosed as periapical cyst and granuloma in both groups was greater than that of B lymphocytes and 2 periapical lesions identified as abscess in treated lesions had more positive B lymphocytes than positive T lymphocytes. 3. The average numbers of T,B lymphocytes and T suppressor cells in Endodontically treated lesions were lower than those of untreated lesions, but no statistically significant difference was noted. 4. When the distribution ratios of T lymphocytes to B lymphocytes and T suppressor cells to T lymphocytes were compared in Endodontically treated lesions by the histological aspects of the lesions and at the intervals of the duration after Endodontic treatment, a statistically significant change was not found. 5. The mean values of T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes and T suppressor cells in Endodontically treated lesions were markedly decreased in the specimens obtained at 3 month after Endodontic treatment, but no statistically significant difference was found.
A STUDY ON THE THERMAL DIFFUSION THROUGH VARIOUS THICKNESS OF BASE AND RESTORATION MATERIALS
Yoon, Dong-Ho ; Park, Sang-Jin ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Choi, Ho-Young ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 11, issue 1, 1985, Pages 77~88
The purpose of this study was to examine the thermal diffusion through bases and restorations. The three principle types of base and two restorative materials were included in this study. They were representive brands of a zinc phosphate cement, a zinc oxide-eugenol cement, a calcium hydroxide paste, an amalgam and a composite resin (table 1). The specimens were prepared by placing the bases or restorative materials in laminated plastic molds. 5-mm diameter holes were prepared in the center of square of plastics which were 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0mm thick respectively (fig. 1). All materials were manipulated in accordance with manufacturer's recommended proportions. All experimental procedures were carried out dividing them into eight different groups (table 2). Thermal diffusion was measured by means of digital thermometer (DP-100, RKC. instrument Inc. JAPAN) with the surface thermocouple placed on bottom surface of the specimen applying a constant source of heat and cold to the top surface of the each specimen. The thermal stimulus temperature applied on the each specimen surface was in the range of
respectively. The thermal change were recorded automatically on the multi-Pen recorder (R-16, Rikadenki, Co. JAPAN) connected with thermocouple tips which were centered on the bottom of the specimen. The following results were as follows, 1. Temperature diffusion was highest through amalgam and slowest through the composite resin. 2. As the thickness of restorations increased, the temperature change was decreased. 3. Thermal diffusion was slowest in the presence of zinc oxide-eugenol bases, followed by calcium hydroxide and zinc phosphate cement. 4. The efficiency of the cement bases in providing thermal insulation was dependent on their thickness beneath the restorations. 5. Thermal change was great in the range of
, but little in the range of
A STUDY ON THE CALCIFICATION IN THE TRANSPLANTED DENTAL PULP OF THE RATS
Lee, In-Sook ; Lee, Chung-Sik ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 11, issue 1, 1985, Pages 89~95
The intact dental pulps which were free of their tooth bud from adult rat incisors, and oral mucosa were transplanted subcutaneously in homologous rats to study the formation of calcified tissue. The rat were sacrificed after 1,2,3 and 4 weeks following transplantation of dental pulp and oral mucosa. The samples which contained the transplanted and surrounding tissue were fixed in 10% NBF, stained with hematoxylin and eosin, alizarin red S, von Kossa, and alcian blue. Microscopic examinstins revealed as follows: 1. The transplanted oral mucosas were not calcified but tended to form the epithelial cysts. 2. At 1 week after transplantation of dental pulp the calcified structures were appeared at the periphery of the transplantation of dental pulp but weakly reacted to alizarin red S, von Kossa, and alcian blue. 3. At 2 weeks after transplantation of dental pulp the calcified structures began to expand from the periphery to the center of the transplanted dental pulp and occupied the large areas comparatively, and strongly reacted to alizarin red S, and von Kossa stains. 4. At 3 weeks after transplantation of pulp tissue the fibrous components were grown at the periphery of the transplanted pulp tissuesand at 4 weeks a large amount of fibrous tissues were observed. The transplanted pulp tissue tended to form foreign bodies gradually.
A STUDY ON THE ISOLATION OF BLACK-PIGMENTED BACTEROIDES IN THE NECROTIC PULP
Choi, Han-Seuk ; Yoon, Soo-Han ; Chung, Jong-Pyoung ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 11, issue 1, 1985, Pages 97~103
The purpose of this study was to compare Black-pigmented Bacteroides isolated from necrotic pulp with the presence or absence of eight symptoms associated with pulpal necrosis and to identify the proportion of each Black-pigmented Bacteroides species. The canal contents of fourteen traumatically and cariously necrotized teeth were sampled with a special technique and cultured aerobically and anaerobically for growth in blood agar plate and for Black-pigmented Bacteroides on selective blood agar plate. Each Black-pigmented Bacteroides species were identified by Gram's stain, hemolysis reaction, colony color and morphology and biochemical tests. The results were as follows; 1. 60.9 percent of the bacteria isolated were anaerobic and 39.1 percent were aerobic. 2. Four Black-pigmented Bacteroides species were isolated; B. loescheii (74.1%), B. denticola (11.1%), B. intermedius (7.4%) and B. gingivalis (7.4%). 3. Black-pigmented Bacteroides was found to be significantly related to sinus tract formation and exudate.