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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Dec 1986
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AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF VARIOUS POSTERIOR RESTORATIVE COMPOSITE RESINS
Park, Sun-Jae ; Park, Sang-Jin ; Min, Byang-Soon ; Choi, Ho-Young ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 7~24
The purpose of this study was to observe the compressive strength, compressive fatigue strength, surface hardness, water sorption and solubility of eight different posterior restorative composite resins. Eight composite resins were tested for their strength of the compressive and compressive fatigue with prepared two different types of specimens (I and T-type) using a Instron universal testing machine (model No. 1332). The hardness was measured with a Knoop hardness tester (MVH-2, Tokyo) for each cylindrical specimen, 7mm in diameter and 5mm thick. The water sorption and solubility were evaluated with the prepared composite resin disks, 20mm in diameter and 1mm thick. The results were as follows: 1. The compressive strength, compressive fatigue strength and hardness were noticed to be Increased by increasing the volume content of filler. 2. The compressive strength was appeared to be independent on the type of specimen, but the compressive fatigue strength was found to be greatly influenced by the type of specimens. 3. The composite resins having higher compressive strength had also higher compressive fatigue limits. 4. The compressive fatigue limits at
stress cycles were about 50-80% of the compressive strength and were showen to be dependent on the materials and type of specimens. 5. The larger the filler particle size was, the lower was the water sorption. And the water sorption of BIS-GMA resin was higher than that of urethane resin. 6. The visible light-cured composite resin had a higher value of solubility than the chemically- cured composite resin. And the solubility tended to decrease by increasing the volume content of filler.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DIFFUSIBILITY AND ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTIVENESS OF INTRACANAL MEDICATIONS
Park, Young-Sook ; Lee, Chung-Suck ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 25~37
This study was undertaken to measure the diffusibility and antimicrobial effectiveness of the medication used in clinical practice. To study the diffusibility of the root canal medicament, loss of formocresol and camphorated phenol from a cotton pellet after insertion into the pulp chamber of 260 molars prepared as routine endodontic treatment was measured. Measurement was done for the one time insertions and for the reinsertions using ultraviolet spectrophotometer. Antibacterial effectiveness against three microoganisms, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and a-hemolytic streptococcus, on the blood agar plate was observed by measurement of the inhibition zone with. various amount of medicaments. The following results were observed. 1. Nearly all of the medication were lost in the first day after insertion and the residual amount of camphorated phenol was greater than that of formocresol. 2. Residual amounts of medication in the reinsertion group were greater than that of the one time insertion group. 3. Within the pulp chamber diffusibility of formocresol was greater than that of camphorated phenol. 4. The amount of formocresol diffusing out from the tooth was greater than that of camphorated phenol. 5. Antibacterial effectiveness was observed from the residual amount of formocresol in the reinsertion group and in other groups no antibacterial effectiveness was observed.
A STUDY ON THE CORROSION BEHAVIOUR OF AMALGAMS BY USING OF POTENTIOSTATIC POLARIZATION METHOD
Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Um, Chung-Moon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 39~49
The purpose of this study was to observe characteristic properties through the polarization curves and SEM images from 4 different types of amalgam obtained by using the potentiostats (Princeton EG & G) & SEM (Jeol/35), and to investigate the degree of corrosion on the oxidation peak of the each phase of amalgam. After each amalgam alloy and Hg was triturated as the direction of the manufacturer by means of the mechanical amalgamator (Shofu Co.), the triturated mass was inserted into the cylindrical metal mold which was 12mm in diameter and 10.0mm in height and was condensed by using routine manner. The specimen was removed from the mold and stored at room temperature for about 24 hours. The standard surface preparation was routinely carried out. Anodic polarization measurement was employed to confirm the corrosion behaviour of the amalgams in a 0.9% saline solution (P.H: 6.8-7.0) at
. The initial rest potential (corrosion potential) was determined after 30 minutes of immersion of specimen in electrolyte, and the potential scan was begun at the point of 100mV cathodic from the corrosion potential. The scan rate was 0.17mV/sec. in the study to observe the degree of corrosion of each phase. SEI and EPMA images on the determined oxidation peaks of each amalgam were observed. The results were as follows: 1. In the four anodic polarization curves, low copper amalgams have three oxidation peaks and high copper amalgams have two oxidation peaks, -270mV, +26mV and +179mV(SEC) in the low copper lathe cut, and -300mV, +39mV and +163mV(SEC) in the low copper spherical. -4mV and +154mV(SEC) in the Dispersalloy, and +17mV and +180mV(SEC) in the Tytin as high copper amalgams. 2.
phase in the low copper amalgam and
phase in the high copper amalgam were the most corrodible phases and Ag-Cu eutectic in high copper amalgam was the most slowly corroded phase. 3. Low copper amalgam was more susceptible in corrosion than high copper amalgam.
A STUDY OF CO
LASER IRRADIATED DENTAL HARD TISSUES USING ELECTRON PROBE MICROANALYZER AND SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPE
Chang, Gye-Bong ; Lee, Chung-Suck ; Lee, Chan-Young ; Lee, Seung-Jong ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 51~64
The purpose of this study is to obtain the data of prestep in cavity preparation by observing changed conditions of laser irradiated dental hard tissues. The forty five extracted caries free human molars were divided into three groups and each group into five subgroups. A
laser irradiation was performed each subgroup of group I for one second with output power of 5 W, 10 Wand 20 W. On group II, laser irradiation was done ten times for 0.1 second duration using same power ratings as group I. On group III, laser irradiation was done 0.1 second, 0.2 second and 0.4 second with output power of 50 W. We investigated mineral contents and crater wall of obtained specimens, i.e., laser irradiated teeth, using computer controlled electron probe microanalyzer and scanning electron microscope. The following results were obtained: 1. Both calcium and phosphorus contents in laser irradiated enamel crater wall were increased, and magnesium content was decreased, but these trends were not statistically significant. 2. In laser irradiated dentin, change of mineral content was more significant. 3. In laser irradiated enamel and dentin, there were no significant differences on mineral content change due to irradiation condition and energy density. 4. In scanning electron microscopic study, enamel rods of the crater wall were fused and clefts were observed in parallel with the direction of enamel rod for all groups. 5. In laser irradiated dentin, irregular fusion and clefts were observed. In irradiated teeth with high power and short duration, the locally formed narrow crater wall was observed.
AN ANALYTICAL STUDY ON THE PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CARIOUS DENTIN
Han, Jong-Soo ; Choi, Ho-Young ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Park, Sang-Jin ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 65~76
Carious dentin can be classified, on the basis of their clinical characteristics, into three groups; sound, sclerotic and active carious dentin. Active carious dentin differs from sclerotic dentin by its abscence of variable bacteria within tubles and amount of chemical content. But the apatite molecules of active carious dentin are not fully studied. The purpose of this study was to observed the physico-chemical characteristics of deep carious dentin. The samples of sound, sclerotic and active carious dentin were obtained respectively from 300 freshly extracted carious teeth. Bacterial-rich zone of superficial soft dentin layer was removed with hand instruments from all samples in advance. The samples were powdered and sieved (200 mesh) before analyses. Identification and estimation of the crystallinity of the samples were carried with X-ray diffraction and infrared absorption analyses. Measurements were made on a Rigaku Denki (Rigaku, geiger flex III, Japan) X-ray diffractometer with Cu-target at 30 Kv, 30 mA and are traced on a monochromatic tracer. Infrared absorption analysis was made on FT-IR spectrophometer (Nicolet Instrument Co.) using KBr pellets containing the samples and was recorded on data process (Model IR-80. Nicolet Instrument, Co). The following conclusions were as follows; 1. The nature of the main inorganic structure of sound, sclerotic and active carious dentin proved to be hydroxyapatite. 2. It was difficult to determine the identification due to their crystallinity of sound, sclerotic and active carious dentin. But sound dentin was the highest in crystallinity among them. 3. The magnesium whitlockite was to be found in active carious dentin, but not in sound and sclerotic dentin. 4. The carbonate content was highest in sound dentin, but the lowest was in active carious dentin.
ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECT OF ROOT CANAL CEMENTS ON STREPTOCOCCUS SANGUIS
Kwon, O-Yang ; Yoon, Soo-Han ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 77~84
This study was designed to compare the antimicrobial effect of the several root canal cements and to determine the duration of their activity. After Strep. sanguis 9811 was streaked on the surface of BHI agar and Plain agar, PVC tubes filled with root canal cements were applied and cultured for 48 hours, aerobically. Following results were obtained, 1. All of the examined root canal cements had antimicrobial activity with varying degree. 2. The antimicrobial activity of N2 was larger than any other root canal cements. Nogenol and Tubliseal showed the lowest activity. ZOE, AH26, Procosol and PCA cement showed the moderate antimicrobial activity. (P>0.05) 3. At one day after mixing the root canal cements, all of the root canal cements except N2 and PCA cement showed greatly reduced antimicrobial activity. 4. At three days after mixing, PCA cement showed the reduced antimicrobial activity. N2 showed the reduced activity at 7 days after mixing.
A STUDY ON THE CURING EFFECT OF COMPOSITE RESIN BY VISIBLE LIGHT THROUGH TOOTH SUBSTANCE
Bang, Sang-Hoon ; Park, Sang-Jin ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Choi, Ho-Young ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 85~93
The purpose of this study was to investigate the curing effect of visible light through tooth substance, 0.5mm, 1.0mm thickness of enamel and dentin were prepared. Experimental specimen were made by Bisfil M & Silux packing into cylindrical brass mold 6.0mm in diameter, 2.0mm and 3.0mm, in height. All specimen were irradiated by visible light (Grip type) model No. SDL-50 Shofu Co.) for 30 seconds through tooth substance. Experimental groups were classified into enamel group (group 1) and dentin group (group 2) according to the thickness of tooth materials and then were divided into 2 subgroups (0.5mm group and 1.0mm group). In experimental groups, visible light irradiated to the specimen through either 0.5mm in thick or 1.0mm in think of tooth material. In Control group specimen were prepared by direct irradiation on the specimen surface of visible light without through tooth substance. The hardness was measured with a Barcol hardness tester (Barber-Colman Co. U.S.A.) for each prepared specimen. The results were as follows: 1. In control group, there were higher hardness values than those of in experimental group. 2. In experimental groups, 0.5mm groups had higher hardness values than 1.0mm groups did. 3. The hardness value at top surface of the specimen were higher than the hardness of bottom surface in each group. 4. Bisfil M had higher hardness values than Silux. 5. In all specimen of 3.0mm height polymerization effect was not occurred at bottom surface except Bisfil M in control group.
A STUDY OF SHEAR STRESS AND FRACTURE PATTERN OF VARIOUS DENTIN BONDING RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Kwon, Hyuk-Choon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 95~105
For the purpose of obtaining a basic data in selecting a suitable material with clinical care, this study was designed to measure the shear stress and to examine the fracture pattern of various dentin bonding restorative materials using 43 extracted bicuspids. The following results were obtained. 1. In dentin, Silux/Scotchbond group showed the highest value (
) and Fuji Ionomer Type II group and Heliosit/Dentin-Adhesit group showed almost same bond strength in the next place. Durafill/Dentin-Adhesive group showed an infinitesimal value. (
) 2. Every group showed no difference in bond strength between upper and lower teeth. Between buccal and lingual surfaces. Fuji Ionomer Type II and Durafill/Dentin-Adhesive groups showed too. But, in Silux/Scotchbond and Heliosit/Dentin-Adhesit groups, it was shown that the bond strength in lingual was stronger than in buccal. 3. There was resin fracture with cohesive fracture of bonding agent in Enamel group. In dentin, adhesive-cohesive fracture and adhesive fracture were shown. 4. The stronger bond strength was, the more frequently cohesive fracture occurred. Dentin-Adhesit group showed specific shining appearance as if varnish became hard.
An Experimental Study on the Effects of the Margin Designs and Composite Resins on the Marginal Leakage of Class V Resin Restorations
Sin, Yong-Pil ; Lee, Chan-Young ; Lee, Seung-Jong ; Lee, Chung-Suck ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 107~116
The primary aim of this study was to assess the effects of the margin designs and composite resins on the marginal leakage of Class V resin restorations. 60 Class V cavities with
butt joint, 60 with
bevel joint, and 60 with concave joint were prepared on the labial surfaces of 38 extracted anterior teeth and the buccal and lingual surfaces of 71 premolars, and classified as the butt group, bevel group and concave group, respectively. After completion of the cavity preparation, Heliosit
was filled in 20 butt joint cavities, 20 bevel joint cavities, and 20 concave cavities. And Hi-Pol
were filled in the same manner, respectively. After finishing, all specimens were subjected manually to 50 thermal cycles at
. They were immersed in 0.5% methylene blue solution for 24 hours, and buccolingually sectioned with sectioning machine. The sectioned specimens were examined under the light microscope. The results indicated the following: 1. The bevel group showed the least amount of marginal leakage compared with the other two design groups, but the statistical analysis showed no significant difference at the 95% confidence level. 2. Hi-Pol
group showed the most severe marginal leakage compared with the other composite resin materials, but there was no significant difference in the groups. 3. The bevel-Heliosit
subgroup, which was filled with Heliosit
in the beveled cavities, showed the least amount of marginal leakage, but there was no significance in all the subgroups.
A STUDY ON THE MARGINAL LEAKAGE OF RESTORATIONS WITH DIFFERENT CAVOSURFACE MARGINS
Shin, Han-Ju ; Choi, Ho-Young ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Park, Sang-Jin ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 119~129
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the marginal leakage of glass ionomer cement with different cavosurface margins. 192 class V cavities were prepared on freshly extracted non-carious teeth and glass ionomer cement were inserted according to the manufacturer's instructions. Cavity preparations for this investigation were performed in four groups. The experimental specimens were made by packing the glass ionomer cement (Fuji Ionomer Type II G-C Co. Japan) into the prepared 192 cavities of four groups with different modes: Group I. - The 48 cavities with
butt-joint cavosurface preparation and restored with glass ionomer cement. Group II. - The 48 cavities with butt-joint preparation modified by
beveling the cavosurface in the dentin and restored with glass ionomer cement. Group III. - The 48 cavities with butt-joint preparation modified by cutting a chamfer in the dentin and restored with glass ionomer cement. Group IV. - The same 48 cavities as group I, and overfilled with glass ionomer cement beyond the cavosurface angle. And four groups above described divided into three subgroups by means of conditioning the cavity walls: Control group. - Glass ionomer cement filled in the prepared 64 cavities after being cleaned with a stream of tap water. Phosphoric acid treatment group. - Glass ionomer cement filled in the prepared 64 cavities after being conditioned with a 50% phosphoric acid. Citric acid treatment group. - Glass ionomer cement filled in the prepared 64 cavities after being conditioned with a 50% citric acid. All 192 specimens were immersed in the 2.0% basic fuchsin solution and subjected to thermal stress at one-minute intervals (
) for 70 minutes before exposure to the dye. The specimens were sectioned ecclesiologically through the center of the restorations for different periods of immersion time, 24 hours, 7 days, 14 days 30 days. The sections were examined under a stereoscopic microscope. The results were as follows: 1. The degree of marginal leakage in group II and III was greater than that in group I and IV. 2. The degree of marginal leakage in phosphoric acid treatment group was similar with that in control group. 3. The degree of marginal leakage in citric acid treatment group was less than that in control group. 4. In all groups, the degree of marginal leakage in phosphoric acid treatment group was greater than that in citric acid treatment group. 5. There is no statistical difference of the degree of marginal leakage according to the immersion time in the dye solution.
A STUDY ON THE COLOR CHANGES ACCORDING TO THE AMOUNT OF REMAINING TOOTH MATERIAL
Hoh, Sung-Yun ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Choi, Ho-Young ; Park, Sang-Jin ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 131~147
The purpose of this study was to observe the color matching of lining or filling materials according to the remaining tooth material. Twenty-seven freshly extracted human central incisors were used in this experiments. The teeth were stored in saline solution at room temperature after extraction. All teeth were cut parallel to the tangent to height of contour on labial surface from the lingual surface until the pulp were completely removed. Then 27 teeth were devided into 0.5mm, 1.0mm and 1.5mm reduction groups according to the thickness of cutting the lingual surfaces of teeth. The specimens of control group were three teeth of 27 teeth with cutting the lingual surface same mode as above described. In the specimens of experimental groups, 8 kinds of lining and filling materials; FUJI IONOMER TYPE II (G-C Co. Japan), LINING CEMENT (G-C Co. Japan), Dycal (Caulk, U.S.A.), CLEARFIL F II (Kuraray Co. Japan), Crown Bridge & Inlay Cement (G-C Co. Japan), Copalite (Harry J. Bosworth Co. U.S.A.), HY-BOND (G-C Co. Japan) and LIV-CENERA (G-C Co. Japan); applied on the back of 24 teeth with 0.5mm, 1.0mm and 1.5mm cut thickness of lingual surfaces. Three teeth of control group did not applied linging or filling materials on the back of 3 kinds of different thickness of cutting the lingual surfaces. The absorbances of total 27 specimens were obtained by reflection spectrophotometer. (Cary 17 D, Varian Co, U.S.A.) The following conclusions were drawn from above the results; 1. The absorbance patterns in both experiment and control groups were gradually decreased with increasing wavelength of spectra. 2. The absorbance patterns were not decreased in relation to the kinds of lining or filling materials, but the amount of the remaining tooth materials. 3. In 0.5mm reduction group, FUJI IONOMER TYPE II, LINING CEMENT, LIV-CENERA and Copalite applied on the back of cut lingual surface showed similar absorbance patterns as control group. 4. The specimens which were reduced up to 1.0mm thickness and lined with FUJI IONOMER TYPE II and LINING CEMENT showed the comparable absorbance patterns to the control group. 5. In case of HY-BOND application after 1.5mm reduction were observed the similar absorbance pattern as compared with control group. 6. When Dycal, CLEARFIL and Crown Bridge & Inlay Cement were applied to cut teeth surfaces, there were much differences of absorbance between control groups and experimental groups.
CLINICAL OBSERVATION ON THE PULP RESPONSE TO COMPOSITE FILLING
Kim, Yung-Hai ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 149~153
Clinical analysis on early evidence of the pulp response to composite resin filling (27 cases) was made and reached to the results as follow; 1. Under age 40's early symptome was reported within the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th week after composite filling evenly and age 50's reported after 4th week. 2. Sensitive response to cold were 11 cases, to warm 3 cases and to both (cold, warm) were 9 cases. 3. Tenderness to percussion and light pressure on apical area were 5 cases.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON PENETRATION OF DYE IN COMPOSITE RESIN
Lee, Myung-Chong ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 155~163
The purpose of this study was to measure penetration of dye stuff (2% Methylene blue, 2% Hematoxylin, 2% crystal violet and 2% safranin-O) on unfilled resin (Lang Dental MFG Co.) Hipol (Boopyung Dental Chemical Co. Macrocomposite resin) Durafill (Kulzer, Co. Microfilled Composite resin) and Heliosit (Vivadent Co. Microfilled Composite resin) The unfilled resin with dough stage was inserted into plastic tuble (5mm in diameter and 4mm in height) with condensation force of 1000 gr, 2000 gr and without condensation force. Hipol mixed on the mixed pad was inserted into the plastic tube by the same method as the unfilled resin. The microfilled resins which were Durafill and Heliosit were polymerized for 60 seconds with the visible light on each surface of the plastic tube which was upper and lower, under condensation force of 1000 gr, 2000 gr and without condensation force. All specimens were stored in the air for 24 hours, then specimens were immersed in the various kind of dye solution for different period of time (1 hour and 24 hours). These dye-treated specimens were polished horizontally until removing 0.5mm of each surface on the emery paper (#1000), and the dye penetration in the polished surface was measured under the digital microscope (Japan Fosuh). Following results were obtained 1. The penetration of dyes was the most excessive in Durafill and was not influenced on the condensation force and the period of immersion time. 2. All dyes were penetrated into Hipol, and Crystal violet was penetrated most excessively in all dyes. 3. The penetration of dye in all resins was not influenced by the period of immersion time and condensation force. 4. There was no evidence of dye penetration in unfilled resin.
A STUDY ON THE ANATOMY OF THE PULP CHAMBER FLOOR OF THE PERMANENT MANDIBULAR SECOND MOLAR
Kwon, Hyuk-Choon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 1, 1986, Pages 165~169
A total of 114 extracted human mandibular 2nd molars were used to study the configuration of the floor of the chamber. The specimens were ground and the pulp chamber was examined with a magnifier and explored with sharp explorer. The study showed the shape of the pulp chamber, number of root canals, and the type of canal orifice. The results were as follows, 1. In so far as observing the shape of the pulp chamber of the teeth, 47.4% of the teeth were square, 42.9% were triangle and 9.7% were ovoid shape. 2. 35% of the samples had 2 root canal orifices, 62% had 3 root canal orifices, 3% had 4 root canal orifices. 3. 3% of the specimens showed 'H' shape, 5% showed 'Square' shape, 51% showed 'T' shape, 1% showed 'reverse-T' shape, 35% showed 'I' shape and 5% showed the specific 'C' shape.