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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Aug 1987
Selecting the target year
Resistance and retention form of gold onlay cases
Gwon, Hyeok-Chun ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 2, 1987, Pages 7~10
A STUDY ON THE ROOT CANAL SIZE AND MORPHOLOGY AT APICAL 5MM AREA OF HUMAN MAXILLARY SECOND PREMOLAR
Lee, Chung-Sik ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 2, 1987, Pages 11~15
Thirty maxillary second premolars were fixed, decalcified, washed and embedded in celloidin to observe the root canal size and morphology at apical 5mm area. The results were as follows: 1. Single canaled teeth and two canaled teeth were approximately equal numbered. 2. Single canaled teeth have round canal but two canaled teeth have long, slender buccal canal and ovoid lingual canal. 3. The canal size of single canaled teeth was
, but that of buccal canal of two canaled teeth was
, lingual canal was
A STUDY ON THE MARGINAL LEAKAGE OF ENDODONTIC CAVITY FILLING MATERIALS
Nho, Cheol-Jin ; Lim, Sung-Sam ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 2, 1987, Pages 17~23
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sealing properties of endodontic cavity filling materials according to the time intervals after filling. Access cavities were prepared in extracted human premolar or molar teeth and filled with caviton, zinc oxide eugenol cement, zinc oxide eugenol cement with a base of gutta percha stopping and gutta percha stopping. After filling at the intervals of immediate, 2 days and 2 weeks the teeth were immersed for 2 weeks in 1% methylene blue solutions. Longitudinal sections were obtained from approximately center of teeth and the depth of dye penetration into the access cavities were observed by 10
macrolens. The following results were obtained. I. All the materials experimented showed varying depth of dye penetration. 2. Of the material tested, caviton showed the best marginal sealing qualities regardless of the time intervals after filling and the sealing properties of the gutta percha stopping was the worst. 3. Both in zinc oxide eugenol cement and zinc oxide eugenol cement with a base of gutta percha stopping, the fillings allowed to mature for 2 days in normal saline solution showed the best sealing properties and those with no maturing time revealed the worst sealing qualities. 4. The sealing qualities of zinc oxide eugenol cement with a base of gutta percha stopping revealed slightly lower depth of dye penetration than that of zinc oxide eugenol cements.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE INFLUENCE OF FORMOCRESOL TO THE HEALING PROCESS OF AMPUTATED PULP
Kwon, Hyuk-Choon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 2, 1987, Pages 27~32
After a vital pulpotomy in human permanent teeth, the responses of the remaining pulp tissue under formocresol was studied histologically. The class I cavity was prepared on the teeth and the pulp was amputated. Formocresol was placed over the amputated tissue and the cavity was sealed with zinc phosphate cement and amalgam. The teeth were extracted after 1, and 3 weeks following the operation and were decalcified, sectioned and stained with hematoxylin and losin. Microscopic examination reveals as follows; I. Healing of the pulp at the amputated site did not occur in the pulps treated with formocresol. 2. At one week the pulps were normal except only slight inflammatory reaction. 3. At three weeks, the pulps showed the most serious inflammation, bleeding and necrotic state.
FRACTURE BEHAVIOUR OF POSTERIOR COMPOSITE RESINS
Park, Young-Ho ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Park, Sang-Jin ; Choi, Ho-Young ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 2, 1987, Pages 33~44
The use of composite resin for the posterior teeth gives rise to clinical problem due to the lack of mechanical properties. The purpose of this study was to observe the fractured surfaces of light posterior composite resins which are P-10, Clearfil posterior, Adaptic anterior & posterior, P-30, Lite-fil posterior, Estilux posterior, Helio-molar, and Ful-fil com pules (Table 1). The failure of composite resin specimens of I, T and Y-Type (Fig. 1,2) occured under compression. Fractographical observations by SEM (JSM-T20, JEOL) were carried out in order to examine the fracture behaviour of eight composite resins in different types of specimens. The results obtained from this study were as follows: 1. Similar features were found in fractured surfaces of eight composite resins. 2. The crack growth was initiated at the regions of porosities. 3. The crack propagated on the filler-matrix interface. 4. As the crack increased in size, it accelerated to form secondary crack. 5. The fracture behaviour was dependent on the content, size, shape, and distribution of fillers.
STUDY OF THE TENSILE BOND STRENGTH OF COMPOSITES RESINS APPLIED TO ACID-ECHED ENAMEL
Lee, Young-Kun ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Choi, Ho-Young ; Park, Sung-Jin ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 2, 1987, Pages 45~53
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the tensile bond strength between composite resin and the human enamel. Three composite resin systems, two chemical (Clearfil Posterior, and Clearfil Posterior-3) and one light cure (Photo Clearfil-A), used with and without an intermediate resin (clearfil bonding agent), were evaluated under different amounts of load (10g, 200g and 200g for a moment) for in vitro tensile bond strength to acid-eched human enamel. Clinically intact buccal or lingual surfaces of 144 freshly extracted human permanent molars, embedded in acrylic were flattened with No #600 carborundum discs. Samples were randomly assigned to the different materials and treatments using a table of random numbers. Eight samples were thus prepared for each group(Table 2) these surfaces were etched with an acid etchant (Kurarey Co. Japan) in a mode of etching for 30 seconds, washing for 15 seconds, and drying for 30-seconds. During the polymerization of composite resin on the acid-etched enamel surfaces with and without bonding agent 10-gram, 200 gram and temporary 200 gram of load were applied. The specimens were stored in 50% relation humidity at
for 24 hours before testing. An universal Testing machine (Intesco model No. 2010, Tokyo, Japan) was used to apply tensile loads in the vertical directed (fig 5), and the force required for separation was recorded with a cross head speed of 0.25 mm/min and 20 kg in full scale. The results were as follow: 1. The tensile bond strength was much greater in applying a bonding agent than in not doing that. 2. The tensile bond strength of chemical cure composite resin was higher than that of light cure composite resin with applying on bonding agent on the acid-etched enamel. 3. In case of not applying a bonding agents on the acid-etching enamel, the highest tensile bond strength under 200 gram of load was measured in light cure composite resin. 4. The tensile bond strength under 200-gram of load has no relation with applying the bonding agent. 5. Under the load of 10-gram, There was significant difference in tensile bond strength as applying the bonding agent.
THE EFFECT OF DENTIN BONDING AGENTS ON MARGINAL LEAKAGE FOLLOWING RESTORATION ON THE CERVICAL ABRASION
Koo, Bon-Wook ; Son, Ho-Hyun ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 2, 1987, Pages 55~63
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of dentin bonding agents on marginal leakage. V-shaped cavities were prepared on the faciocervical area of 140 extracted human teeth. In Groups of twenty cavities, they were restored as follow: Group 1 with enamel bonding resin and Silux, Group 2 Scotchbond and Silux, Group 3 enamel bonding resin and Heliomolar, Group 4 Dentin Adhesit and Heliomolar, Group 5 enamel bonding resin and Durafill, Group 6 Dentin Adhesive and Durafill, Group 7 Chembond. All specimens were thermocycled alternatively at
of 2% methylene blue dye solution, and sectioned faciolingually with diamond disk under water spray. The sectioned specimens observed with stereo microscope. Following results were obtained: 1. The groups filled with Scotchbond-Silux or Dentin Adhesit-Heliomolar had appeared lesser marginal leakage compared with the groups with enamel bonding resin-Silux or enamel bonding resin-Helimolar. 2. The group filled with Dentin Adhesive-Durafill did not show the reduction of the marginal leakage compared with the group with enamel bonding resin-Durafill. 3. There was significant difference among the four dentin bonding agents. Scotchbond showed the greatest marginal sealing ability, and Dentin Adhesit was the next. The marginal sealing ability of Dentin Adhesive was the worst.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF INTERNAL DISCOLORATION OF TEETH BY ENDODONTIC SEALERS
Geol, Kim-In ; Cho, Jae-O ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 2, 1987, Pages 65~72
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of several root canal sealers on the discoloration of internal surface after root canal obstruction. Twenty four sound human premolars, extracted for orthodontic or prosthodontic purposes, were randomly selected and divided into eight groups. Extracted premolars were prepared, and the following seven materials were introduced into the pulp cavities: AH 26, Fuji ionomer (Type I) cement, N2, Oxypara "Murakami", Kerr sealer, PCA sealer, and G-C's Propac ZOE cement. After 7 weeks of incubation; the discolored tooth crowns were hemisectioned, and the internal staining patterns were examined. Then, with an association of observed values the mean intensity scores and percentage of coverage scores of the internal staining patterns in teeth attained by two observers using for Chisquare test were analyzed. The results were as follows: 1. All the experimental premolar's crown showed various ranged discoloration of internal surface. 2. There was no significance between the association scores of two observers participated into this experiments:% coverage scores (P > 0.05) and intensity (P > 0.05) 3. The crowns filled with PCA sealer, AH 26, and Fuji ionomer cement was visible within a depth of one third of dentin. (P> 0.05) 4. For N2, Kerr sealer, and G-C's Propac cement, A slight dentinal staining was recorded, which penetrated up to half way into the dentin. (P> 0.05) 5. It was noticed that the teeth filled with Oxypara "Murakami" were discolored more than two thirds of the dentinal layer. 6. On the control group, there was no discoloration.
THE EFFECT OF GLASS IONOMER CEMENT ON THE DOG'S EXPOSED DENTAL PULP
Kim, Jae-Han ; Cho, Kyew-Zeung ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 2, 1987, Pages 73~80
The present study was designed to help elucidate the effect of glass ionomer cements on the exposed dental pulp by means of histologic examination. A total of 40 cavities of class V were prepared on the teeth of 4 dogs with exposure of 1mm in diameter on the bases of them. 20 cavities were filled with glass ionomer cement as the experimental group and the other 20 cavities were filled with zinc oxide eugenol cement as the control group. The dogs were sacrificed at one, two, three, and four weeks after filling, and the specimens were routinely prepared and stained with Hematoxylin-Eosin. The obtained microscopic findings were as follows: Inflammatory cell infiltrations were observed in control in 1 week, which decreased markedly with time. In all control groups, hemorrhage around exposed pulp tissue and coagulation change of pulp were observed. Secondary dentin formation and thickened predentin were observed in 4 week cases, and the recovery of pulp tissue was favorable on the whole. Inflammatory cell infiltration was observed in all GIC groups. Proliferation of blood vessel and congestion were observed with coagulation changes around the exposed pulp tissue. Secondary dentin formation and thickened predentin were observed in 3 weeks. In the experimental 4 week case, secondary dentin formation was evident. On the whole, pulpal irritation of glass ionomer cement was relatively severe. Recovery of pulp tissue in GIC groups was less favorable compared with that of ZOE groups.
A Study of Compressive Strength of Two Resins on the Cavity Forms
Park, Kyung-Hun ; Lee, Chan-Young ; Lee, Sung-Jong ; Park, Dong-Su ; Lee, Chung-Suck ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 2, 1987, Pages 83~90
Composite resins has been widely used in dental clinics because of esthetic restoration. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of the cavity designs on the compressive stress of resin restoration. So, the author made the standardized specimen of four types (Type of speciemen are width 1.5mm, depth 2mm, width 1.5mm, depth 3mm, width 2mm, depth 2mm, width 2mm, depth 3mm). The compressive strength was measured by universal testing machine (Tong Kwang Co.) The results indicating following; 1. There was a statistic significance of compressive strength between four cavity forms. 2. There was no difference of significance of compressive strength between two resins. 3. There was a significance of compressive strength between depth 3mm width 1.5mm and depth 3mm width 2mm.
A STUDY ON FORMING PATTERN OF ENAMEL IN WHITE RAT INCISOR
Min, Hyo-Kie ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 2, 1987, Pages 91~98
This study was designed to investigate the changing depositional pattern of inorganic enamel substances during enamel formation and maturation. For this purpose, white rat incisors which continuously grow and develop during the life, were chosen as specimens. And after treated with 20% KOH solution, outer surface of forming inorganic enamel were observed with the scanning electron microscope, dividing into 6 types according to the forming pattern from apical to cuspal direction. The observations lead to the following conclusions: 1. During the initial enamel forming stage, inorganic enamel substances were deposited with very irregular pyramidal shape on the root dentin surface. 2. During the enamel forming stage, inorganic enamel substances were deposited with relatively regular hexagonal, honey-comb appearance. 3. During the later enamel forming stage, inorganic enamel substances were deposited with very irregular and roughly amorphous appearance. 4. During the later enamel maturating stage, very small and round inorganic enamel substances were deposited densely, and made a flat enamel surface.
The EFFECT OF DENTAL ADHESIVE R~SIN CEMENT ON THE DOGS' DENTAL PULP
Yang, Jung-Ok ; Cho, Kyew-Zeung ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 2, 1987, Pages 101~108
The purpose of this study was to investigate the pulpal responses of dental adhesive resins. A total of 40 cavities of the permanent healthy teeth from 4 dogs were prepared. In the experimental group, the cavities were etched for 1 minute with citric acid and filled with experimental resins (ie. Super-Bond C & B
). In the control group, the cavities were filled with calcium hydroxide base materials (ie. Dycal
) without etching. The dogs were sacrificed at one, two, three and four weeks after the time of filling and the specimens were routinely prepared and stained with Hematoxylin-Eosin. The microscopic findings were as follows: Infiltration of inflammatory cells was not observed in both experimental and control groups. Change in the odontoblastic layer was not observed in all control groups but severe swelling was observed in deep dental pulp tissue of the control two and three week cases. Pulp tissue was recovered with plenty of fibrous component in the control four week case and reparative dentin formation was not occurred in all cases. Slight changes of the odontoblastic layer beneath the cavity were observed in the experimental one week case. In experimental two and three week cases, swelling of deep pulp tissue was increased and localized reparative dentin formation was observed. In the experimental four week case, odontoblastic layer was recovered with regular appearance and fibrous component of the pulp was increased, but reparative dentin formation was not evident.
THE INFLUENCE OF RETENTIVE GROOVE ON THE CANAL WALL UPON THE RETENTION OF POST
Lee, Jae-Whan ; Cho, Kyew-Zeung ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 12, issue 2, 1987, Pages 111~116
The experimental study was made to evaluate the influence of retentive grooves on the canal wall upon the retention of post, using different type of cements. Ninety periodontally involved anterior teeth were extracted and divided into six groups of 15 teeth. The groups were labeled as follows: Group I: Dentatus post cemented zincphosphate cement into post hole with smooth wall. Group II: Dentatus post cemented with zincphosphate cement into post hole with retentive grooves. Group III: Dentatus post cemented with glass-ionomer cement into post hole with smooth wall. Group IV: Dentatus post cemented with glass-ionomer cement into post hole with retentive grooves. Group V: Dentatus post cemented with composite resin adhesive into post hole with smooth wall. Group VI: Dentatus post cemented with composite resin adhesive into post hole with retentive grooves. The tensile strength was tested by an Instron type tester with cross-head speed of 5mm per minute. The results were as follows: In the group without retentive grooves, three kinds of cement have little effect upon retentive capacity of Dentatus post. The Dentatus post cemented on the canal wall with retentive grooves is more retentive than Dentatus post without retentive grooves.