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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Sep 1988
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 1988
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A STUDY ON THE ROUGHNESS OF THE RESTORATIVE COMPOSITE RESIN
Lee, Myung-Jong ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 13, issue 2, 1988, Pages 207~220
The purpose of this study was to measure roughness on the polished surfaces of composite resin, and was to observe the polished surfaces under Scanning Electron Microscope. The surface roughness tester (Surfcom 700A Semitsu Profilometer Tokyo. Japan) was used to measure roughness of polished surfaces. In this study, 4 brands of composite resin were examined, Pyrofil bond anterior Bell-Feel anterior Clearfil F II and Microrest A.P. White point, Silicone point, Super snap, and Sof-Lex medium disc as cutting instrument, and celluloid matrix were used. The results obtained were as follows. 1) The celluloid matrix produced the smoothest surfaces. 2) Microrest composite resin had smoother surface than any other composite resins after polishing. 3) The values of surface roughness made by White point, Silicon point and Super snap were similar. 4) The surfaces made by Sof-Lex medium disc was smoother than the surfaces made by any other polishing instruments.
ELECTROCHEMICAL STUDY ON THE CORROSION BEHAVIOUR OF DENTAL AMALGAM IN ARTIFICIAL SALIVA
Kim, Yeoung-Nam ; Um, Chung-Moon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 13, issue 2, 1988, Pages 221~235
The purpose of this study was to observe characteristic properties through the polarization curves and EMPA images from 4 different types of amalgam obtained by using the potentiostats (EG & G PARC) & EPMA (Jeol JSM-35), to investigate the degree of corrosion of each phase of amalgam on the oxidation peak, and to identify corrosion products from the corroded amalgam by use of X-ray diffractometer(Rigaku). After each amlgam alloy and Hg were triturated as the direction of the manufacturer by means of the mechanical amalgamator(Shofu), the triturated mass was inserted into the cylindrical metal mold which was 12mm in diameter and 10mm in height and was condensed by means of routine manner. The specimen was removed from the mold and stored at room temperature for about 7 days. The standard surface preparation was routinely carried out. Anodic polarization measurement was employed to compare the corrosion behaviours of the amalgams in 0.9% saline solution(pH6.8~7.0) and artificial saliva (pH6.8~7.0) at
. The open circuit potential was determined after 30 minutes' immersion of specimen in electrolyte and the potential scan was begun at the potential of 100mV cathodic from the corrosion potential. The scan rate was 1mV/sec and the surface area of amalgam exposed to the solution was 0.64
for each specimen. All the potentials reported are with respect to a saturated calomel electrode (SCE). EPMA images on the determined oxidation peaks of each amalgam in artificial saliva were observed. X-ray diffraction patterns of each sample were recorded before and after polarization in artificial saliva (Aristaloy, Caulk Spherical, Dispersalloy and Tytin: at +770mV, +585mV, +8.10m V and +680m V respectively) by use of a recording diffractometer. Nickel filtered Cu
radiation was used and sample was scanned at
. The following results were obtained. 1. Oxidation peak potential in artificial saliva shifted to more anodic direction than that in saline solution. 2. The corrosion potential of high copper amalgam was more anodic than the potential of low copper amalgam. 3. The current density was lower in artificial saliva than in saline solution. 4. One of the corrosion products, AgCl was identified by X-ray diffraction analysis. 5.
phase was the most susceptible to corrosion and e phase was stable in low copper amalgam and
' phase and Ag-Cu eutectic were susceptible to corrosion in high copper amalgam.
CLEANSING EFFECT OF AIR-DRIVEN SONIC SYSTEM IN ROOT CANAL PREPARATION
Kim, Yong-Duk ; Cho, Kyew-Zeung ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 13, issue 2, 1988, Pages 253~263
In order to study the cleansing effect of air-driven sonic system, the author prepared root canals on 48 extracted human permanent single rooted teeth using hand instrumentation and aforementioned method, half and half of the cases. In order for comparison of the degree of remnant debris and cleanliness, the cross sections at 3mm and 7mm levels from the apex were stereomicroscopically observed and scored in accordance with predetermined degree. The obtained results were as follows: 1. Air-driven sonic system was more effective in cleansing root canal than hand instrumentation at apical 3mm level. (p < 0.01) 2. Air-driven sonic system was more effective in cleansing root canal than hand instrumentation at apical 7mm level. (p < 0.01) 3. In hand instrumentation, Helisonic file was more effective in cleansing root canal than Rispisonic file. (p < 0.05) In air-driven sonic system, on the other hand, there were no significant difference between the two files.
A study on the pulp response of posterior composite resins in relation to the thickness of remaining dentin
Ahn, Sang-Hun ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 13, issue 2, 1988, Pages 265~282
The pulp response of posterior composite resins in relation to the thickness of remaining dentin was studied with 120 teeth from 6 dogs, Class V. cavities were prepared on the cervical area of facial surfaces. The thickness of remaining dentin was controlled with Caries Meter
. The cavities of group A were prepared to show the electrical impedance of 22-26
(thickness of remaining dentin:0.4-0.5mm). The cavities of group B, 50-55
(thickness of remaining dentin: 0.8-0.9mm). Zinc - Oxide Eugenol cement, Estilux
were filled in each cavity. After 3days, 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 9 weeks and 13 weeks, the teeth and pulp tissue were processed routinely and stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin. Pathological tissue changes were observed with light microscope. The following results were obtained. I. The pulp response of group A cavties was severer than that of group B cavities. 2. In the pulp of group A cavities which were filled with Zinc-Oxide Eugenol Cement, only vascular changes were observed after 3 days and 1 week, severe acute inflammation after 4 weeks, moderate acute inflammation after 9 weeks, and chronic inflammation and formation of granulation tissue after 13 weeks. 3. In the pulp of group A cavities which were filled with Estilux
posterior, only vascular changes were observed after 3 days and 1 week. But the inflammatory response has became much severer with the elapsed experimental period. 4. In the pulp of group A cavities which were filled with Heliomolar
radiopaque, the inflammatory response with the elapsed experimental period was not severer than that of the pulp of group A cavities which were filled with other materials. 5. In the group B cavities, the difference of pulp response by filling materials was not recognizable. In the group A cavities, the pulp response of Estilux
posterior was severest and in order P-30
radiopaque was slighter.
AN ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STUDY OF THE PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA AND THE PERIAPICAL CYST
Yo, In-Ho ; Lim, Sung-Sam ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 13, issue 2, 1988, Pages 283~294
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristic features of the cells and tissues of the chronic periapical lesions using light microscope and electron microscope. Fifteen dental periapical lesions were obtained from the patients undergoing periapical surgery. Each specimen was divided into two parts along the tooth axis. One part was routinely processed for histopathologic examinations. 12 periapical lesions were diagnosed as granuloma and 3 periapical specimens as periapical cyst. The other part was fixed in 2.5% glutaraldehyde in 0.1M sodium cacodylate buffer at pH 7.4 and 1% osmic acid in same buffer. They were embedded in Epon 812. The semithin sections were used for the orientation of the lesions and the ultrathin sections were stained conventionally and examined with AEI Corynth 500 electron microscope. The results were as follows. 1. PMN and macrophages, which were dominant cell type, were scattered in small or large numbers throughout the central destructive area of granuloma. In the granulomatous area, plasma cells and lymphoytes were found in significant number and a lot of new capillary formation were revealed. Clefts caused by cholesterol were often seen in the connective tissue. Occasionally foam cells became collected in groups and epithelial proliferation were present. 2. In both granuloma and cyst, some plasma cells contained narrow cisternae of granular endoplasmic reticulum of which was tightly packed with electron dense materials, and other cells exhibited dilated profiles of granular endoplasmic reticulum. 3. In the area where plasma cells and lymphocytes were collected in groups, lymphocytes with well developed nucleolus and profuse cytoplasm were found and differentiating plasma cells were also present. 4. In the epithelial strands of the granulomatous area, epithelial cells contained enlarged endoplasmic reticulum, tonofilaments and ribosoms. Toward the intercellular space epithelial cells protruded a few microvilli. In the intercellular space, exudate-like electron dense materials, most of which was attached to the plasma membrane, appeared. 5. Some foam cells filled with numerous lipid droplets and others had lipid droplets and crystal-like structures. 6. Cyst epithelium consisted of bright cells and dark cells. The former had bright cytoplasm and small amounts of ribosoms, and the latter dark cytoplasm, many ribosoms, mitochondria and elongated microvilli. 7. Epithelial cells near the cyst lumen protruded a lot of long microvilli toward intercellular space and cyst lumen.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE PULP RESPONSES ON THE EFFECT OF BASE MATERIALS BY REMAINING DENTIN THICKNESS
Yun, Ki-Bock ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 13, issue 2, 1988, Pages 307~322
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the pulpal responses to the base materials such as zinc oxide eugenol cement, calcium hydroxide, zinc phosphate cement, polycarboxylate cement and glass ionomer cement. The 100 caries free dog teeth were devided into 2 groups by remaining dentin thickness (Group A: 0.4-0.6 mm, Group B: 0.8-1.0 mm) and each group were devided into 5 subgroups. The intervals of observation period are 3days, 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 8 weeks respectively after experiment. The specimens were fixed with 10% formalin and decalcifed in 5% nitric acid. All specimens were stained with Hematoxylin-Eosin and examined histopathologically. The results were as follows. 1. In group A, atropy or hyperplasia in odontoblasts were seen in zinc oxide eugenol cement, calcium hydroxide and zinc phosphate cement. No changes in odontoblasts were seen in polycarboxylate cement and glass ionomer cement. 2. In group A, increase of predentin were seen in all experimental materials. 3. In group A, vascular congestion were seen in all experimental materials and inflammation were seen on 3 days in zinc oxide eugenol cement, 8 weeks in zinc phosphate cement and hemorrage were seen on 3 days in zinc phosphate cement. 4. In group B, changes of odontoblasts were not seen all experimental materials. 5. In group B, increase of predentin and vascular congestion were seen in all experimental materials but inflammation were not seen.
MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGES OF DENTIN SURFACE TREATED WITH VARIOUS DENTIN SURFACE CONDITIONERS
Cho, Jin-Ho ; Choi, Ho-Young ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Park, Sang-Jin ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 13, issue 2, 1988, Pages 323~334
The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of dentin surface conditioners on the dentin surfaces. Freshly extracted human molars were used in this study. They were stored at
saline solution before experiment. The crown portions of the teeth were cut in various directions by means of wet diamond point to expose dentin which include transverse, vertical oblique, horizontal and oblique cut to the long axis (Fig. 1). Each tooth was then mounted with self curing acrylic resin in brass ring to expose the flattened dentin surfaces. Final finish was accomplished by grinding the dentin specimens with wet No. 180 and No. 600 grit silicon carbide abrasive paper until a 6.0mm in diameter on a dentin surface was exposed without pulp exposure. The specimens were divided into 9 groups according to the modes of dentin treatment procedure. The following surface treatments were applied on these preparation surfaces; Group 1: unetched (control group) after finish with No. 600 silicon carbide abrasive paper. Group 2: etched with 30% phosphoric acid for 60s Group 3: etched with 10-3 solution for 60s Group 4: Cleaned with 5% NaOCl for 30s Group 5: applied Dentin Adhesit Group 6: cleaned with 5% NaOCl followed by applying the Dentin Adhesit
Group 7: applied Photo Bond on the unetched dentin followed by applying the Photo Clearfil Bright Group 8: Etched with 30% phosphoric acid followed by applying Photo Bond and Photo Clearfil Bright Group 9: etched with 10-3 solution followed by applying Photo Bond and Photo Clearfil Bright All the specimens were stored in
under 50% relative humidity for 24 hours before observations. The specimens in 7, 8, and 9 group, omitting the group 1 to 6, were demineralized in 10% HCl for 10s in order to observe the resin tags. All the specimens in each group were then dried at room temperature. The dried specimens were ion coated with Eiko ion coater (Eiko-engineering Co.), and observed in Hitachi S-430 Scanning electron microscope (Hitachi, Co. Tokyo) at 15KV. The following results were obtained as follows; 1. The smear layers were still remained in group 1,2,4,5, and 6. 2. There is no effect of 5% NaOCl and 30% phosphoric acid on the changes of dentin morphology 3. The dentin treated with 10-3 solution, indicating the tubules opened when the smear layer and the dental plug dissolved. 4. In case of applying the bonding agents the resin tag was not formed at the deep area of dentinal tubules, but in case of applying the Dentin Adhesit
that was not.
A STUDY ON THE FRACTURE RESISTANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF TEETH IN CLASS II CAVITY RESTORATIONS
Joo, Ik-Nam ; Park, Sang-Jin ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Choi, Ho-Young ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 13, issue 2, 1988, Pages 337~348
The purpose of this study was to examine the fracture strength and characteristics of teeth with MOD cavity preparation. Freshly extracted sound maxillary premolars were cleaned and stored in normal saline solution
for 72 hours before experiments. The roots of teeth were embedded in a self-curing resin, and the exposed crown were maintained in a vertical position by a modelling wax in a brass ring. The MOD cavities were prepared with No. 57 carbide bur under high speed to a depth of 2.0mm and a width of 2.0mm(Fig.1). All the prepared teeth specimens were divided into 7 groups according to the mode of cavity form and restorative materials (Table 1, 2): Group I, unpreapred, intact teeth as control Group II, prepared cavity without restoration Group III, prepared teeth restored with amalgam Group IV, prepared teeth restored with composite resin (P-10) Group V, prepared teeth with beveled enamel margins restored with composite resin (P-10) Group VI, prepared teeth restored with light-cured composite resin (P-30) Group VII, prepard teeth with beveled enamel margins restored with light-cured composite resin (P-30) After placement of restorations, all of the specimens were stored in water at
for 72 hours before testing. All of the specimens were tested on the Instron Universal Testing machine (No. 6025) in order to evaluate the strength of fracture. One metal ball 5.0mm in diameter contacting the specimens parallel to the occlusal surface was used to in this study (Fig. 1). The fracture characteristics of the specimens were examined with naked eye and in the scanning electron microscope (JSM-20). The results obtained from this study were as follows: 1. The mean fracture strength was the highest in group VI and that in group II was the lowest. 2. The progress of crack of teeth propagated into the pulp cavity. 3. In case of the group of the restored teeth, the crack occurred to be accompanied with cuspal fracture. 4. The crack of restored teeth was initiated along the pulpo-axial line angle of the cavity.