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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Oct 1991
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 1991
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STUDY ON THE COLOR STABILITY OF VENEER RESIN
Kim, Yung-Hai ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 1~5
The purpose of this study was to investigate the color stability of 2 light - polymerized veneer resins and 3 heat - polymerized veneer resins. Five specimen discs of each brand were immersed in distilled water at
, in darkroom for 120 days. The distilled water was changed on every third day to prevent contamination from micro - organisms. The color characteristics of all the samples were measured by computer controlled spectrophotometer. The appearence was characterized by means of the
uniform color space(CIELAB) and total color difference was calculated. The following results were obtained 1)
- value in all brand except IS is were greater than 1 perceptable in visual evaluation. 2)
- value in VI, IS and VG were lower than upper limit of acceptablilty(3.3 in
). DC was the worst in color stability and was changed into yellow color.
A STUDY ON CORROSION BEHAVIOR OF DENTAL AMALGAMS AS A FUNCTION OF TIME
Lee, Myung-Jong ; Kim, Yung-Hai ; Lee, C.S. ; Yoon, Soo-Han ; Lim, Sung-Sam ; Kwon, Hyuk-Choon ; Um, Chung-Moon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 6~15
The purpose of this study was to observe in vitro chloride corrosion behavior from 5 kinds of amalgam (Caulk spheracal, Amalcap, Dispersalloy, Tytin, Sybralloy) as a function of time after tritruration by using potentiostat. After each amalgam alloy and Hg was triturated as the direction of the manufacturer by the mechanical amalgamator, the triturated mass was inserted the cyrindrical matal mold (
) and was condensed by using routine manner. The specimen was removed from the mold and was stored at room temperature for 1 week, 1 month and 3 months, and standard surface preparation was routine carried out. The 0.9% saline solution was used as electrolyte in pH 6.8~7.0 at
. The open circuit potential was determined after 30 minutes' immersion of 1 week, 1 month and 3 month old specimens. The scan rate was 1 mV/sec and the surface area of amalgam exposed to the solution was
for each specimen. All potentials reported are with respect to a silver / silver chloride electrode (SSE). The following result was obtained. 1. All amalgam specimens became more noble corrosion potentials which represent the improved corrosion resistance as the time elapsed. 2. Three kinds of high copper amalgam always exhibited more noble potential than low copper amalgam at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months. 3. Two kinds of low copper amalgam had the similar polarization curve pattern with 3 current peaks at each time period and current densities associated with these peaks were decreased as aging especially in caulk spherical amalgam. 4. All kinds of high copper amalgam had the similar polarization curve pattern with absence of prominent current peak at each time period, but the polarization curve of D amalgam had one apparent current peak at 1 week.
Evaluation of the longevity of the Amalgam
Im, Mi-Gyeong ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 16~23
A STUDY ON THE CYTOTOXICITY OF THE ROOT CANAL SEALERS
Lee, Seung-Jong ; Kim, Yung-Hai ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 25~40
Four root canal sealers, Apatite Root Sealer I and II composed mainly of hydroxyapatite/tricalciumphosphate, Sealapex containing calcium hydroxide, and Roth Sealer composed of zinc oxide - eugenol were compared on the culture of L929 fibroblasts. MIT (Methyl Thiazole Tetrazolium Bromide) colorimetric technique was used to measure the mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity. Results were as follows: 1. Hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate mixed sealers were significantly less toxic compared with calcium hydroxide and zinc oxide - eugenol type sealers. High pH of the calcium hydroxide sealer and release of eugenol component from the zinc oxide - eugenol type sealer were presumed to be the cause of the toxicity of these two sealers. In no cases, there were more cytoblastic effects in hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate mixed sealers compared to the control groups. 2. In all experimental groups, toxicity was decreased as dilutions were increased. However in zinc oxide-eugenol type sealer the cell activity was weakened for all dilution groups. 3. Regarding the effect of setting time, Apatite I and Sealapex were less toxic as the setting progressed. Apatite II kept constant regardless of the different time ellapsed after setting but Roth sealer revealed significantly higher toxicity for all experimental groups. 4. Comparing two different culture periods of 24 hours and 72 hours, Apatite I showed higher cell activities in longer period(72 hours) while Apatite II did not. Sealapex and Roth sealer, however, showed significantly lower cell activities in longer period.
AN IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL STUDY ON THE IMMUNOGLOBULIN G SUBCLASSES OF THE EXPERIMENTALLY INDUCED RAT PULP AND PERIAPICAL PATHOSES
Baek, Seung-Ho ; Lim, Sung-Sam ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 41~59
This study was performed to elucidate the distribution and correlation of immunoglobulin G subclasses with the degree of inflammation in the experimentally induced rat pulp and periapical pathoses. The pulp exposures were made in 108 mandibular 1st molars of 54 rats and the teeth were left open to the oral environment The animals were sacrified at 3, 7, 15, 30, 60 and 90 days after pulp exposure, and examined microscopically and radiographically Seventy one specimens were routinely sectioned at the thickness of 4 -
and stained with Hematoxylin - eosin for histologic examination, with toluidine blue for mast cells, and with the primary antibodies against rat IgG subclasses by using the Avidin - Biotin complex method. The following results were obtained: 1. As the degree of inflammation of rat pulp and periapeces intensified, the number of IgG subclass containing cells per unit area, especially IgG2a and IgG2c, decresased. 2. The IgG2c cells were most predominantly found in the lesions with slight inflammation, IgG1 cells in mild or severe inflammation, and IgG2a cells in moderate inflammation. 3. IgG subclass containg cells were more predominantly observed in the periapical granuloma than periapical abscess or cyst(p<0.01). 4. IgG2a containing cells were predominant in pulp inflammation, IgG1 containing cells in periapical granuloma, IgG2a cells and IgG1 cells in periapical abscess, and IgG2a cells were significantly predominant in periapical cyst. 5. The number of IgG subclass containing cells and mast cells in periapical tissue decreased with time lapse after pulp exposure. And correlation index between mast cells and IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b was stastically high.
A STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF THE TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY TO THE TENSILE BOND STRENGTH BETWEEN GLASS-IONOMER CEMENT AND COMPOSITE RESIN
Chung, Inn-Gyo ; Min, Byung-Soon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 60~73
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of etching time, environmental temperature and humidity on the adhesion of composite resin to glass-ionomer cement. Two chemical cure composite resins (Clearfil F II and Microrest AP) and two glass-ionomer cements (Fuji ionomer Type I and KET AC-CEM) were used as the experimental materials. The experiment is performed in 3 stages: The first stage is to bond composite resins to glass-ionomer cements, and the surface was not etched, and etched for 20 seconds, 40 seconds, and 60 seconds. Then specimens are stored in distilled water at
for 24 hours to measure tensile strength. The second stage is to choose the one group that had the highest tensile strength from the first stage and prepare two experimental groups: One group with composite resin bonded to glass-ionomer cement without etching and bonding agent application and the other with composite resin bonded to glass-ionomer cement with etching but without any bonding agent application. The specimens are stored in distilled water at
for 24 hours and tensile strength is measured. The third stage is to choose group that had the highest tensile strength from the first stage experiment, and bond composite resin to glass-ionomer cement at
92%. The storage time of specimens is to bond immediately after storage, then changed to 30 sec., 60 sec., and 120 sec.. Specimens are stored in distilled water at
for 24 hours and their tensile strength are measured again. The following results were obtained: 1. As the etching time increases, the tensile bond strength between glass-ionomer cement and composite resin increase, and the tensile bond strength is the highest when acid etched for 60 minutes (P < 0.05). 2. After acid etching for 60 minutes, the tensile strength of the group with bonding agent was stronger than that without bonding agent application (P < 0.05). 3. The tensile strength of Clearfil F II was stronger than that of Microrest AP. 4. It was observed that the tensile bond strength is not affected by different storage time with different temperature and humidity. 5. As the humidity was increased, the tensile bond strength between glass-ionomer cement and composite resin decreased (P < 0.05).
A STUDY OF ROOT CANAL SHAPE FOLLOWING CANAL PREPARATION OF VARIOUS CANAL ENLARGING INSTRUMENTS
Choi, Ho-Young ; Min, Hyo-Kie ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 74~86
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the resulting root canal angulation and shape change after using various enlarging instruments. The mesial canals (120) of extracted human mandibular 1st and 2nd molars were randomly divided into 6 groups; Control, K-type me, Heliapical me, Canal Master me, sonic and ultrasonic instrumentation group. Vertical angulation of each canal was determined by a straight line through the long axis of canal and another straight line through the apical foramen to intersect at the point where the canal began to leave the long axis of the tooth. By recording and comparing the measured angles of the each set of pre-and postinstrumentation. Then, the roots were sectioned horizontally in the apical, middle, coronal thirds and the canal shapes examined, as was the mesiodistal canal diameter as it relates to the external root surface. The results were as follows: 1. Instrumentation using K-type me group resulted in the highest mean change in angulation (
) (p < 0.005), while Sonic Air MM 3000 group resulted in the least degree of straightening canals (
) (p < 0.005). 2. Canal Master file group resulted in the best canal shape at the three levels (P < 0.005). 3. Measured minimal mesial root width produced Heliapical me group at the apical 1/3 level, Sonic Air MM 3000 group at the middle 1/3 level, Heliapical me group at the coronal 1/3 level (P < 0.005). 4. Measured minimal distal root width produced Sonic Air MM 3000 group at the apical 1/3 level (P < 0.05), Heliapical me group at the middle 1/3 level (P < 0.005), Canal Master me group at the coronal 1/3 level (P < 0.005). 5. HeIiapical me group produced more increased canal diameter than any other groups (P < 0.005).
A STUDY ON THE SOLUBILITY OF DENTAL RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
Na, Keung-Kyun ; Park, Sang-Jin ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 87~105
The purpose of this experiment was to measure the leaking and solubility of commonly used dental restorative materials - Silux plus (CS), Hi-pol (CH), Clearfil F-II, Fissureseal (FS), Glass-Ionomer cement Fuji Type II (GI), Amalgam Cavex 68 (AM), Zinc Phosphate Cement (ZP) and gutta-percha (GP) and investigate the relation between the solubility and marginal leakage. Disc-shape specimens were fabricated with each material and dipped into deionized water, 0.01M lactic acid and 0.005M KOH solution, thus the total ionic concentrations in each solution was measured with ion chromatograph after 1, 3, and 7 days, respectively. For the solubility test, each specimen was immersed in 0.001M and 0.01M lactic acid for 24 hours, respectively and total weight loss was calculated. Also, Zn leaking through the margin of restorations was measured. The obtained results were as follows: 1. The amounts of eluted ion from the eight materials were most in 0.01M lactic acid and least in deionized water. 2. Of the eight materials, the fluoride release was greatest for glass ionomer cement (GI) in 0.01 M lactic acid after 7 days. 3. In analysis of the divalent cation, Mg was eluted most for zinc phosphate cement (ZP) and Ca for Clearfil F-II (CF) in 0.01M lactic acid after 7 days. 4. In analysis of transition metals, Cu and Zn were detected only. 5. The solubility rate of eight materials was greater in 0.01M lactic acid than in 0.001M for 24 hours, for zinc phosphate cement (ZP) the rate was greatest (5.4%) in 0.001M lactic acid, and amalgam least (0.01%). 6. The Zn concentration of restorative material with Z.P.C base was greater in 0.01M lactic acid than in 0.001M lactic acid.
A SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STUDY OF HUMAN DENTIN SURFACE WITH THE CO
Choi, Dong-Hun ; Lee, Chung-Suck ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 106~120
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of obstruction of dentinal tubules through irradiation of the
laser on the dentin surface. For this study, 104 extracted caries - free premolars and molars were grinded their mesial or distal surface to expose dentin completly. And these specimens were divided into three Groups. Group I : those with their smear layer not removed and Group IT : those with their smear layer removed, were irradiated by the
laser(SPACE LASER -
VEGA 25) at five different energy levels ranging 4 - 20J/
, and all specimens were observed with scanning eletron microscope (Hitachi S - 450). Group m was divided into 2 sub - groups: one with smear layer, another one without and those were irradiated with
laser of the same condition as Group I & II. All specimens were immersed in,
, 0.5% methylene blue solution for 48 hours after 100 times of thermocycling at
, and were observed with stereo -light microscope (Olympus SZH - ILLD) to evaluate dye penetration. The following results were obtained; 1. The dentinal tubules were obstructed through laser irradiation. 2. The dentinal tubules were still obstructed after treatment of 10% HCl/2sec., then it was proved that acid resistance of detin surface was also increased. 3. The Group of laser irradiation showed less dye penetration than control Group. 4. The smear layer hardly affected obstruction of the dentinal tubules through laser irradiation.
THE MARGINAL SEALING EFFECT OF COMPOSITE RESIN INLAYS ACCORDING TO THE LUTING TECHNIQUES
Moon, Young-Deok ; Cho, Kyeu-Zeung ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 121~132
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the marginal sealing effect of composite resin inlays according to the luting techniques and compare them to the conventional direct resin filling technique. 90 cavities of class V were prepared on the buccal surface of 90 extracted molar teeth, which were divided into four groups. Cavities of control group were directly filled with Scotchbond 2 and P - 50, and those of composite resin inlay groups were luted with one of the followings: Adhesive bond followed by Adhesive cement, All bond followed by Adhesive cement, Fuji - ionomer type L All the specimens were immersed in India ink dye solution for 7 days at
incubator after thermocycling between
and longitudinally sectioned with diamond disk inot two parts All the specimens were observed at the occlusal and gingival margins and statistical analysis was performed. The results were as follows: 1. Groups filled with composite resin inlay showed less marginal leakage than the group directly filled(p<0.01). 2. There was no significant difference in marginal leakage between composite resin inlay groups luted with Adhesive bond followed by Adhesive cement and the group luted with All bond followed by Adhesive cement(p>0.05). 3. At occlusal margins, Composite resin inlay group luted with Adhesive bond followed by Adhesive cement showed less marginal leakage than the group luted with Fuii ionomer type I(p<0.01). At gingival margins, composite resin inlay group luted with All bond followed by Adhesive cement showed less marignal leakage than the group luted with Fuji ionomer type I(P<0.01).
STRESS ANALYSIS OF ENDODONTICALLY TREATED ANTERIOR TEETH BY ALVEOLAR BONE HEIGHT AND RESTORATION METHOD
Lee, Yeon-Jae ; Cho, Young-Gon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 133~150
To study the mechanical behavior depended on the restoration method and alveolar bone height at endodontically treated teeth. a finite element model was made which was applied by four types of restoration methods and alveolar bone height on upper central incisor and then 1 Kg force was applied on each model as follows; 1)
diagonal load on incisal edge. 2)
diagonal load on lingual surface. and 3) horizontal load on labial surface. The author analyzed the displacement and stress of teeth and their supporting tissue by finite element method according to three type of loading conditions. The results were as follows : 1. The displacement by restoration method and the stress in dentin was found greater in restoration without a post than in that with a post. 2. The displacement and stress was found about the same when compared : A) in Resin model and PFM model applied by restoration method without a post and B) in PRC model and CPC model applied by restoration method with a post. 3. The lower alveolar bone height was. the greater was the displacement and stress. 4. The lower alveolar bone height was. the greater slightly was the stress of restoration without a post than in that with a post. 5. The stress in loading condition was the greatest in P1 in dentin and post. and was greatest in P3 in alveolar hone. 6. In the restoration method without a post. stress concentration in labial dentin was distributed to a figure of long belt in adjacent part to periodontal ligament. while in restoration method with a post. it was distributed in adjacent part to post side. And in all types of restoration method stress concentration in alveolar bone was distributed along the compact bone of labial and lingual surface.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MARGINAL MICROLEAKAGE IN VARIOUS TEMPORARY SEALING MATERIALS
Yun, Chang ; Hong, Suck-Jin ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 151~157
The roles of temporary sealing materials used in endodontics are impotant Especially, its marginal sealing properties affect endodontic success and failure in endodontic treatment The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare and evaluate the marginal sealing properties of various temporary restorative materials used in endodontic access cavity by using electrochemical method. Standard endodontic access cavities were prepared in extracted human molar teeth and filled with Caviton, IRM, zinc oxide - eugenol cement. Each specimen was immersed in 1 % solution of KCl, and applied a potential of 9 V external power supply. Marginal microleakage and water sorption were measured for marginal sealing effect evaluation in comparison with each group. A comparative study of the obtained results have led to the following conclusions. 1. The Caviton group showed lower marginal microleakage value than the zinc oxide - eugenol cement and IRM group the 6 th day after. The IRM group showed lwoer marginal microleakage value than the zinc oxide - eugenol cement group from the 6 th day to the 12 th day. But there was no significant difference between zinc oxide - eugenol cement and IRM group after the 13 th day. 2. As time went by, marginal microleakage value was increased in Caviton, IRM and zine oxide - eugenol cement.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE CYTOTOXICITY OF COMPOSITE RESIN ON MOUSE FIBROBLAST IN VITRO
Chung, Sun-Hee ; Chung, Sung-Su ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 158~166
In order to investigate the cytotoxicity of composite resin in vitro, BALB / C mouse fibroblast were cultured in MEM in which silux, P-50, microrest, clearfil, amalgam and glass - ionomer, in shape of
circular disk. The experiments were- performed by cell count on 4 hours, 1, 3, 6 days and the composite resin groups, amalgam, glass - ionomer were compared. 1. On the sixth day, the cellular number of resin composite groups were remarkedly reduced, in contrast, the that of amalgam and glass - ionomer group continuously increased. 2. It was only on the 4 hours that the cellular number contained in amalgam were reduced, but increased thereafter, and the cellular number contained in glass - ionomer are greater than other groups. 3. In resin group, especially between self - curing resin and light - curing resin, there is no difference in cellular number statistically (p>0.05). 4. It was amalgam where the round cell without cellular process was found on the 4. hours and on the 6 th day the cell without cellular process was found numeroulsy in resin group whereas in amalgam and glass - ionomer, like control group was contained cell forming monolayer. These result suggested that the toxicity of the self - curing and light - curing resin greater than that of the amalgam and glass - ionomer.
SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF ULTRASOUND IN THE REMOVAL OF THE SMEAR LAYER FROM THE ROOT CANAL WALL
Yoon, Seung-Seob ; Hong, Chan-Ui ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 167~180
The purpose of theis study was to evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasonic instrumentation in removing debris and smear layer from the root canal walls. 54 extracted, permanent single rooted teeth were randomly divided into 6 groups of 9 teeth. After canal preparation, the teeth were longitudinally sectioned. The sepcimens were then naturally dried for 2 days, given a maximun thickness gold coating, and examined under the SEM (JSM-35C type, JAPAN). Photographs of all specimens were then taken of the middle and the apical third of the root canal wall. The results were as follows: 1. In all groups, debris and the smear layer were not completely removed from the canal wall 2. There were no significant differences between at the apical third and at the middle third in removing debris and the smear layer in all groups. 3. There were no significant difference between the step - back group and the ultrasound group in removing debris and smear layer. 4. In general, the step - back/ultrasonund groups showed greater canal debridement than the step - back group or ultrasound group. 5. The step - back/ultrasound group with a No. 25 file for 3 min. showed significantly greater canal debridement than the step-back group (p<0.05), or the other step - back/ultrasound groups(p<0.05).
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF ULTRASONIC INSTRUMENTATION ON THE ROOT CANAL OBTURATION
Hur, Soo-Beom ; Hong, Chan-Ui ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 181~189
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of apical seal produced by ultrasonic instrumentation. 120 extracted, permanent single rooted teeth were randomly divided into 6 groups of 20 teeth and root canals were enlarged & obturated according to Table I. After canal obturation, the obturated teeth were immersed in 2.5 % Methylene blue for 72 hrs. at
incubator and longitudinally sectioned. The apical sealing ability was evaluated by measuring the degree of dye penetration into the canal. The results were as follows: 1. All groups showed varying depth of dye penetration. 2. There were no significant differences between Group I and N, Group II and V, Group III and VI. (P>0.05) 3. Regardless of obturation method, there were no significant differences between hand instrumented group and ultrasonic instrumented group.(P>0.05).
ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECT OF ROOT CANAL CEMENTS ON MICROORGANISMS FROM INFECTED ROOT CANALS
Koh, Young-Hoon ; Choi, Ho-Young ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 190~199
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effect of root canal cements such as AH-26, Sealapex, Canals and Apatite root sealers(Type I, II, III) and to determine the efficacy of their activities. S.mutans(AHT), S.sanguis(NCTC 9811) and B.gingivalis(381) were streaked on blood agar and the PVC tybes filled with root canal cements were applied on. Then the microorganisms were cultured for 48 hours, anaerobically. B.cereus(KCTC 1012) was streaked on nutrient agar, PVC tubes were applied on and were cultured for 48 hours, aerobically. The inhibition zones of root canal cements were measured with vernier caliper. The data statistically analyzed, and the results were as followed. 1. Apatite root sealers(Type I, II, III) showed no inhibition zones. 2. AH-26, Sealapex and Canals had inhibition zones with varying degrees. The inhibition zone of AH-26 was greatest and followed by Canals and Sealapex(P<0.01). 3. As time goes by after mixing the root canal cements, AH-26, Canals and Sealapex showed significantly reducing inhibition zones(P<0.01). 4. There were the least inhibition zones of all the root canal cements on S.mutans and followed in such order as; B.gingivalis, S.sanguis and B.cereus(P<0.01).
A STUDY ON SHEAR BOND STRENGTH OF COMPOSITE RESIN TO DENTIN FOLLOWING SURFACE TREATMENTS
Noh, Eun-Hee ; Park, Sang-Jin ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 200~208
The purpose of this study was to observe shear bond strength of composite resin to dentin following surface treatment. Freshly extracted forty-eight sound human molars were used in this study. They were stored at
physiologic saline solution before experiment. The teeth was then mounted with self curing acrylic resin in brass mold. The buccal surfaces of the teeth were grinding approximately 1.5mm by means of water-irrigated grinding wheel to expose the flattened fresh dentin surfaces. The specimens were divided into 6 groups according to preparation and treatment procedures on dentin surfaces; Group 1: Untreated after preparation with No.301 diamond point Group 2: Treated with primer for 60 seconds after preparation with No.301 diamond point Group 3: Untreated after preparation with No.700 fissure carbide bur Group 4: Treated with primer for 60 seconds after preparation with No.700 fissure carbide bur Group 5: Untreated after grinding with 600 grit silicon carbide paper Group 6: Treated with primer for 60 seconds after grinding with 600 grit silicon carbide paper Light cure dental adhesive was applicated to each specimen. Silux plus(3M) was inserted then into polyethylene tube of 3mm diameter and 3mm height, and polymerized to dentin surface. All of the specimens were stored in distilled water at
for 24 hours prior to testing. The shear bond strength was measured using an Instron Universal Testing Machine. The results obtained from this study were as follows: 1. The shear bond strength to dentin was the highest in group II. 2. The shear bond strength to dentin was the lowest in group III. 3. There was no significant difference in shear bond strength to dentin according to preparation instrument. 4. The primer treatment group showed significantly greater shear bond strength than untreated group.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF THE VARIOUS ANTISEPTIC STRORAGE SOLUTIONS ON PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF GUTTA-PERCHA CONE
Lee, Mi-Young ; Park, Dong-Soo ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 209~215
The propose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the variuos antiseptic solutions and distilled water on physical properties of endodontic gutta-percha cone. The antiseptic solutions were 70% isoprophyl alcohol, 5% NaOCl and 2.5% NaOCl, as control gutta-percha cones, did not stored antiseptic solution was used. Observation periods were 1, 5, 10, 20, and 30 days. In each group,. the 15 gutta-percha cones used. A tensile strength and elongation rate measurements were performed with Instron (Instron 4501), cross - head speed was set 10 inch / min. The data were statistically analyzed and the results were as followed. 1. The tensile strength of the gutta-percha cones, stored in distilled water, were slightly decreased (p<0.05). Elongation rate was not significantly different 2. The tensile strength of the gutta-percha cones, stored in 70% isopropyl alcohol, were increased (p<0.01) except 1 day group. 3. The tensile strength of the gutta-percha cone, stored in 2.5% NaOCl, were decreased (p<.0.05). Elongation rate significantly decreased (p<0.01). 4. The tensile strength of the gutta-percha cone, stored in 5% NaOCl, were decreased (p<0.05). Elongation rate significantly decreased (p<0.01). These results showed that the changes of physical properties (tensile strength and elongation rate) in gutta-percha cone were developed after a day' when gutta-percha cone were stored at 70% isopropyl alcohol, 2.5% or 5% NaOCl. So, It was concluded that gutta-percha cone must have been used at least within one day, when they were stored at the above antiseptics. I thought that the study of substantial effects on endodontic treatment due to changes of physical properties in gutta-percha cone will be needed.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF POTASSIUM OXALATE AND SODIUM FLUOIRIDE ON THE REDUCTION OF DENTINAL HYPERSENSITIVITY
Seo, Min-Soo ; Park, Dong-Soo ; Jeong, Chang-Mo ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 216~225
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the desensitizing effect of potassium oxalate(Group I), sodium fluoride (Group II), and control group (Group III). The 120 teeth of 26 patients who had been complained dentinal hypersensitivity were divided into three groups by applicating agent. The observation was done before and immediately after treatment. The data were statistically analyzed and the results were as followed. 1. Potassium oxalate showed the best desensitizing effect to the stimuli, followed by sodium fluoride, control group, and there was a significant difference (p<0.05) in desensitizing effect among the groups. 2. Potassium oxalate showed the best desensitizing effect to the stimuli, followed by sodium fluride, control group on both cervical abrasion and gingival recession, and there was a significant difference (p<0.05) in desensitizing effect among the groups on both cervical abrasion and gingival recession. 3. There was no significant difference (p<0.05) in effect of the desensitization between cervical abrasion and gingival recession. 4. The scratch and air blast I were more effective in desensitiziation than other stimuli with significant difference (p<0.05). In view of the results mentioned above, it can be conceived that potassium oxalate is more effective than sodium fluoride on the reduction of dentinal hypersensitivity.
ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECT OF MINOCYCLINE EMBEDDED IN POLYCAPROLACTONE ON NECROTIC CANAL
Kwon, Soo-Kyoung ; Yoom, Soo-Han ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 226~235
Therapeutic use of antibiotics in the pulpal disease should reduce the clinical symptoms and pathogenic microflora in the pulp. The purpose of this study was focused on local drug delivery into the root canal in endodontic therapy. Monolithic films from polycaprolactone and polyethylene glycol preparations with minocycline were prepared, and then the antimicrobial effect of these films on necrotic canal was tested. A total 17 necrotized pulp teeth were sampled before and 1 week after insertion of film into the pulp. Bacterial culture were performed with anaerobical condition and seeded in the 5 selective and non - selective media for 7 days in
of anaerobic chamber. Bacterial identification were performed with Gram staining, biochemical test, and API kit There was significantly decreased of anaerobic and aerobic microflora of 13 among 17 patients after therapy. Among the identified microflora, Streptococcus species, black - pigmented species and Fusobacterium species were significantly reduced 1 week after treatment with local delivery antibiotics. Furthermore, clinical symptoms included in pain and local swelling were continuousely reduced after therapy. These results suggest that local drug delivery with minocycline is effeicient to treat the endodontic involved teeth for releasing clinical symptoms and microbiological shifting.
ELISA FOR MEASURING SERUM IgG AND IgM LEVELS IN PATIENTS OF ACUTE PULPITIS AND ACUTE APICAL ABSCESS
Byun, Ho-Young ; Lim, Sung-Sam ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 1, 1991, Pages 236~244
Numerous studies have been focused on the immunologic aspects of inflamed pulp and periapical tissues. The purpose of this study was to evaluate levels of serum IgG and IgM in patients of acute pulpitis and acute apical abscess using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis, Bacteroides intermedius and Bacteroides gingivalis were grown for use as antigen and they were harvested by centrifugation. The patients were divided into 3 groups; patients of acute apical abecess, acute pulpitis and normal control 5 patients of each group were selected and their blood was obtained via intravenous puncture. Sera were prepared by centrifugation of each blood samples. Then serum antibodies were measured by modified ELISA. The following results were obtained; 1. Serum IgM levels of patients with acute pulpitis and acute apical abscess seemed to be slightly higher than those of normal control 2. Serum IgG levels of patients with acute apical abscess were slightly higher than those of normal control 3. Serum IgG and IgM levels of acute apical abscess patients and serum IgM levels of acute pulpitis were highest to Bacteroides gingivalis.