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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Oct 1991
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 1991
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A QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE IN VIVO AMALGAM CORROSION PRODUCTS
Lim, Byong-Mok ; Um, Chung-Moon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 1~17
The purpose of this study was to analyze the in vivo amalgam corrosion products qualitatively. 30 molars with large, intact amalgam restorations were selected. All the restorations were more than 5 years old. Twenty of the removed amalgams were embedded in acrylic resin block. The exposed surfaces of fifteen embedded amalgams were polished by amalgam polishing kit, and the rest were observed without polishing. The remaining 10 amalgams were fractured centrally and perpendiculary to the occlusal surface with a wire-cutter. After all specimens were cleaned ultrasonically in distilled water, each surface was examined under S.E.M. and E.D.A.X. (Energy Dispersive Micro X-ray Analyzer) to determine the morphology and chemical nature of the corrosion products. The following results were obtained: 1. The surfaces of the unpolished amalgam restorations were covered with thin amorphous layer of Sn-Ca-P-S complex with numerous cracks. 2. In the conventional amalgams, the major corrosion products were Sn-Cl phases however, tin oxide phases were also observed. 3. Only tin oxide phase was identified in the high copper amalgam, but it was less frequently observed than in the conventional amalgam. 4. It was easier to observe the corrosion product morphology in the fractured surfaces than in the polished ones. The morphologies of the corrosion product crystals looked like a stack of slightly bended plates in the Sn-Cl phases and polyhedra or polygonal prisms in the tin oxide phases.
AN ELECTROCHEMICAL STUDY ON SURFACE FINISH OF DENTAL AMALGAM
Suk, Chang-In ; Um, Chung-Moon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 18~32
The purpose of this study was to observe characteristic properties of amalgam through the polarization curves and SEM images from 4 type amalgams (Amalcap, Shofu spherical. Dispersalloy and Tytin) with 3 different surface finish procedures (polishing, burnishing and carving) by using the potentiostats (EG & GPARC) and SEM (Jeol JSM-35). After each amalgam alloy and Hg was triturated as the direction of the manufacturer by means of mechanical amalgamator (Samki), the triturated mass was inserted into the cylndrical metal mold which was 12 mm in diameter and 10 mm in height and was pressed with
. 4 specimens of each type amalgam were burnished with egg burnisher and another 4 specimens of each type amalgam were carved with Hollenback carver. Above 8 specimens and remaining untreated 4 specimens were stored at room temperature for about 7 days. Untreated 4 specimens of each type amalgam were polished with abrasive papers (Deer) from #400 to #1200 and finally on the polishing cloth with
powder suspended water. Anodic polarization measurements was employed to compare the corrosion behaviours of the amalgams in 0.9% saline solution at
. The open circuit potential was determined after 30 minutes immersion of specimen in electrolyte. The scan rate was 1 mV/sec and the surface area of amalgam exposed to the solution was
for each specimen. All the potentials reported are with respect to a saturated calomel electrode (SCE). SEM images of each specimen were taken after + 800 mV (SCE) polarization. The results were as follows: 1. The corrosion potential of high copper amalgam was more anodic than that of low copper amalgam. 2. The polished amalgam were more resistant to corrosion than any other burnished and carved amalgam. 3. In the case of polishing, current density of high copper amalgam was lower than that of low copper amalgam.
A STUDY ON THE SEALING PROPERTIES OF TEMPORARY FILLING MATERIALS USED IN ENDODONTICS
Yoo, Hyun-Mee ; Kwon, Hyuk-Choon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 33~42
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sealing properties of the temporary filling materials used in endodontic treatment Access cavities were prepared in 135 extracted human molar teeth. Then, cotton pellets were placed in the pulp chamber until the depth of 5 mm for the temporary filling materials; Caviton, zine oxide-eugenol, double sealing (A) (stopping 15 mm + zinc oxide - eugenol, 3.5mm ) double sealing (B) (stopping 3.0 mm + zinc oxide - eugenol 2.0 mm) and gutta percha stopping. After filling the materials, the teeth were immersed in 1 % methylene blue solutions for 3 days, 1 week and 2 weeks. Then thermal cycling was performed at the temperature of
, followed by longitudinal sections on the center of tooth. Finally, staining on the cotton pellet was evaluated. The following results were obtained. 1. Stopping showed lower marginal sealing quality than Caviton, zinc oxide - eugenol and double sealing. 2. In 1 week group, Caviton showed higher marginal sealing quality than zinc oxide-eugenol, double sealing and stopping. 3. Caviton and double sealing (B) showed a great decrease in marginal sealing quality with the increse of time. 4. Caviton had high marginal sealing quality in 3 day group and 1 week group, but in 2 week group, Caviton showed a great decrease. 5. Double sealing (B) showed fairly high marginal sealing quality in 3 day group, but decreased greatly after 1 week on.
SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STUDY OF THE JUNCTION BETWEEN GOLD INLAYS AND GINGIVAL CAVOSURFACE MARGINS
Park, Joon-Il ; Kown, Hyuk-Choon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 43~61
Present - day inlay casting procedures have been developed for more than 100 years and experimentation has focused on the perfect adaptation to the cavity preparation. Marginal adaptation is considered to be an important indicator of the acceptability of the cast restotration, especially on the gingival margin. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a dissecting microscope and burnishing on vertical discrepancies, horizontal discrepancies, and cement thicknesson master die. Extracted premolars were prepared for class II gold inlays and master dies were made with conventional techniques. The experiments consisted of 4 groups. Group 1 : unaided eye, no burnishing on master die. Group 2 : unaided eye, burnishing on master die. Group 3 : microscope, no burnishing on master die. Group 4 : microscope, burnishing on master die. Cemented inlays were embedded in the hard resin and sectioned with microcutter through the gingival margins. The sectioned surfaces were polished with emery paper and finally with aluminum oxide powders. The results of the experiments were measured for vertical discrepancies, horizontal discrepancied and cement thickness under the scanning electron microscpe at the beveled gingival margin. The results of the study were summarized as follows. 1. Group 1 showed the vertical discrepancies of
, horizontal discrepancies of
, and cement thickness of
. 2. Group 2 showed the vertical discrepancies of
, horizontal discrepancies of
, and cement thickness of
. 3. Group 3 showed the vertical discrepancies of
, horizontal discrepancies of
, and cement thickness of
. 4. Group 4 showed the vertical discrepancies of
, horizontal discrepancies of
, and cement thickness of
. 5. Vertical discrepancies were not significantly different at any groups(p>.050). 6. Microscope groups(Group 3, 4) showed significantly improved horizontal marginal adaptation (p<.050). 7. Although cement thickness showed the subset of Group 3. 4, 2 and Group 4, 2, 1. Group 3 showed significantly smaller thickness than Group l(p<.050). 8. Finishing and polishing by means of a microscope produced significantly smaller discrepancies than doing so with the unaided eye(p<.050).
A STUDY OF THE CYTOTOXICITY OF ROOT CANAL SEALER IN VITRO
Lee, Sang-Tag ; Lee, Chung-Sik ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 62~84
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity of four root canal sealers(Tubliseal, AH26, Apatite Root Canal Sealer I, Apatite Root Canal Sealer II) in Vitro. The root canal sealers were mixed and filled in molds which were
in diameter, in height to use for cell counting and agar overlary method, and
for millipore filter method and set for 7 days to use for experiment. Silicone and copper plate were used for negative and positive control respectively. Using the culture of L929 fibroblast, total cell number and vital cell number were counted and the ratio of vital cell number to total cell number was calculated on 2 nd, 4 th, 6 th experimental day, and the change of cell membrane permeability was tested by agar overlay method, and the succinate dehydrogenase activity was tested by millipore filter method. The obtained results were as follows. 1. In ail experimental groups, the mitotic activity of fibroblast was reduced when compared with that of negative control group, so ail experimental groups showed cytotoxicity. Apatite Root Canal Sealer I group exhibited mild cytotoxicity, and Tubliseal, AH26, Apatite Root Cenal Sealer II groups exhibited severe cytotoxicity. 2. In the test of the change of cell membrane permeability by agar overlay method, all experimental groups showed cytotoxicity. AH26 group exhibited mild cytotoxicity, and Apatite Root Canal Sealer I group exhibited moderate cytotoxicity, and Tubliseal and Apatite Root Canal Sealer II group exhibited severe cytotoxicity. 3. In the test of SDH activity by millipore filter method, there was no cytotoxicity in Apatite Root Canal Sealer I and Apatite Root Canal Sealer II group, but Tubliseal and AH26 group showed mild cytotoxicity.
EFFECT OF LOW - POWER LASER IRRADIATION ON PAIN RESPONSE
Kim, Sung-Kyo ; Yoon, Soo-Han ; Lee, Jong-Heun ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 85~98
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low - power laser used in the medical field for various purposes to suppress pain responses evoked by noxious electrical or mechanical stimuli. After both inferior alveolar nerves and the left anterior digastric muscle of cats under general anesthesia were exposed, a recording electrode for the jaw opening reflex was inserted into the anterior digastric muscle. The right inferior alveolar nerve was dissected under a surgical microscope until the response of the functional single nerve could be evoked by the electrical stimulation of the dental pulp or oral mucosa. The electrical stimulus was applied with a rectangular pulse of 10 ms duration for measuring the threshold intensity of a single nerve fiber in the inferior alveolar nerve which responds to stimulation of dental pulp and oral mucosa. Then a pulse of 1 ms duration was applied for determination of conduction velocity. A noxious mechanical stimulus to the oral mucosa was applied by clamping the receptive field with an arterial clamp. The Ga-As diodide laser(wave length, 904 nm ; frequency, 1,000 Hz) was irradiated to the prepared tooth cavity, inferior alveolar nerve and oral mucosa as a pulse wave of 2 mW for 6 minutes. This was followed by a continuous wave of 15 mW for 3 minutes. The action potential of the nerve and EMG of the digastric muscle evoked by the noxious electrical stimulus and nerve response to noxious mechanical stimulus were compared at intervals of before, immediately after, and at 5, 10, 20, 40, 60 minutes after laser irradiation. The results were as follows: The conduction velocity of the intrapulpal
- nerve fiber recorded from the inferior alveolar nerve before irradiation had a mean value of
. The laser irradiation did not affect the conduction velocity of the AS - nerve fiber and did not change the threshold intensity or amplitude of the action potential either. The EMG of the digastric muscle evoked by noxious electrical stimulation to the tooth was not changed by the laser irradiation, whether in latency, threshold intensity or amplitude. The laser irradiated to the receptive field of the oral mucosa which was subjected to noxious stimuli did not affect the amplitude of the action potential or the frequency either.
THE CYTOTOXIC EFFECTS OF BONDING AGENTS ON THE HUMAN PULP FIBROBLASTS
Park, Sun-Hee ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Choi, Ho-Young ; Park, Sang-Jin ; Choi, Gi-Woon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 99~117
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of dentin bonding agents on the fibroblasts cultivated from human pulp tissue. The fibroblasts were cultured in DMEM/10%FBS medium. Whatman filter paper discs (6mm diameter) soaked with
of dentin bonding agents were placed on a millipore filter (pore size
) contained in a 50mm Petri dish, and then, exposed for 10 minutes, 30 minutes, 1 hour, 6 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours, 4 days and 7 days in
incubator. The results of the experiments were analyzed by counting the cells and measuring the protein contents at 1 day, 4 days and 7 days. The results of this study were as follows: l. CLEARFIL NEW BOND, LITE-FIL BOND, GLUMA 3 Primer and GLUMA 4 Sealer showed cytotoxicity compared to the control group in the cell counts and the protein contents. 2. GLUMA 4 Sealer showed the least cytotoxicity among the three dentin bonding agents. 3. The results of the cell count were simialr to the results of protein content measurement. 4. LITE-FIL BOND exhibited marked cytotoxicity during 1 day, but, the cytotoxicity was slightly reduced after 4 and 7 days. 5. In GLUMA 3 Primer group, it was not possible to count the cell numbers and measure the protein contents, but the degeneration of cells was observed under the inverted phase-contrast microscope.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE APICAL LEAKAGE OF VARIOUS RETROFILLING MATERIALS
Ohn, Yeong-Suck ; Son, Ho-Hyun ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 118~125
Eighty - eight recently extracted teeth were used to evaluate the leakage characteristics of the following retrofilling materials; amalgam, zinc oxide eugenol cement, glass - ionomer cement, and cermet glass - ionomer cement. Root canals were prepared with step - back method and obturated with gutta percha and zinc oxide eugenol sealer. Root apex were resected 2 mm from apex and class I cavities were prepared with 2 mm or 4 mm depth. The cavities were filled with above materials. After application of varnish on all surface except resected surface, the roots were placed in 1 % methylene blue solution for 6 days. After longitudinal polishing to expose cental parts of filled materials, penetrated depths of dye were measured. The results were as follws. 1. As retrofilling material, glass ionomer cement filling groups showed less leakage than the other groups except zinc oxide eugenol cement filling group(p<0.01). 2. Amalgam filling groups had greater leakage than zinc oxide eugenol cement filling group(p<0.01). 3. 4 mm depth of retrofilled cavity had no effect on leakage characteristics compared with 2 mm depth cavity(p>0.05). 4. Glass ionomer cement and cermet glass ionomer cement filling groups showed less apical leakage than amalgam filling groups. But there was no statistical significance(p>0.05). 5. There was no difference in apical leakage between glass ionomer cement filling groups and cermet glass ionomer cement filling groups(p>0.05).
EFFECT OF THERMOCYCLING ON BONDING OF COMPOSITE RESIN AFTER DENTIN SURFACE TREATMENTS
Lee, Yong-Woo ; Son, Ho-Hyun ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 126~142
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of various dentin surface treatments on shear bond strength, microhardness and fracture mode before and after thermocycling. Recently extracted 75 human molars were used. The teeth were sagittal sectioned faciolingually to obtain 150 specimens. They were randomly divided into six groups. Mesial and distal dentinal surfaces of specimens were exposed by grinding and treated respectively with GC-DENTIN CONDITIONER. 10-3 solution of 4-Meta, Cleansar and Primer of GLUMA, Scotchprep of Scotchbond 2, DENTIN CONDITIONER and PRIMER A, B of ALL BOND according to the manufacturers directions. Specimens of one group were not treated. Adhesive agent of Scotchbond 2, were applied and cured on the treated dentin surfaces. After P-50 were cured on them, specimens were stored in 31c water for 24 hours before shear bond strength measurement Shear bond strength was measured in 10 specimens of each group. 10 specimens of each group were thermocycled in
water in order, for 30 seconds respectively, 100 times a day for 7 days. After thermocycling shear bond strength was measured. Microhardness was checked on treated dentin surface and fractured dentin surface in 10 specimens respectievly. Francture modes were observed with SEM The following results were obtained. 1. Before thermocycling. shear bond strengths in the specimens treated with DENTIN CONDITIONER and PRIMER A, B of ALL BOND were significantly higher than those in other specimens(P<0.01). 2. After thermocycling. shear bond strengths in the specimens treated with Cleanser and Primer of GLUMA, Scotchprep of Scotchbond 2 and DENTIN CONDITIONER and PRIMER A, B of AIL BOND were significantly higher than those in specimens not: treated, treated with GC-DENTIN CONDITIONER and 10-3 solution of 4-Meta(P<0.01). Shear bond strengths in the specimens treated with GC-DENTIN CONDITIONER and PRIMER A, B of ALL BOND were significantly higher than those in other specimens except those treated with Scotchprep of Srotchbond 2(P<0.01). 3. Shear bond strengths after thermocycling were reduced in the specimens not treated, treated with GC-DENTIN CONDITIONER and 10-3 solution of 4-Meta and were increased in the specimens treated with Cleanser and Primer of GLUMA, Scotchprep of Scotchbond 2, without significance, compared with those before thermocycling. In the specimens treated with DENTIN CONDITIONER and PRIMER A, B of ALL BOND, shear bond strengths after thermocycling were significantly increased, compared with those before thermocycling(P<0.01). 4. Microhardnesses in the fractured surfaces after shear bond strength measurement were significantly increased in the specimens treated with 10-3 solution of 4-Meta and significantly decreased in the specimens treated with DENTIN CONDITIONER and PRIMER A, B of ALL BOND, compared with those in the treated dentin surfaces(P<0.01). 5. In the specimens treated with Cleanser and Primer of GLUMA, Scotchprep of Scotchbond 2 and DENTIN CONDITIONER and PRIMER A, B of ALL BOND, cohesive fracture modes were observed more than adhesive fracture modes.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE SEALING ABILITY OF DIFFERENT ROOT CANAL OBTURATION METHODS
Hur, Seung-Myun ; Cho, Young-Gon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 143~154
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sealing ability of five obturation methods in conjunction with sealer. Fifty extracted upper and lower anterior teeth were selected and the access cavities were prepared lingually with a round bur. The working length was determined with a #15K file, and the root canals were instrumented with a #40K file 1mm short of the apical foramen. The apical third of root canal was flared by step-back technique and the coronal two thirds of root canal using #2 - 3 Gates Glidden drills. And then, the teeth were randomly assigned to five groups of 10 teeth each. A thin coat of Tubliseal was placed into the canal into the canal using the # 35 reamer and the canals were filled by lateral condensation, vertical condensation, ultrasonic activated lateral condensation, ULTRAFIL injecting, and McSpadden compaction methods. All teeth were stored in 100 % relative humidity at 31c for 48 hours. The roots were suspended in 2 % methylene blue solution for 48 hours, left to dry for 24 hours and then, half side of root was removed longitudinally using the fissure bur. A Boley gauge wes used to measure the distance, to the nearest 0.1mm, from the apical foramen to the most coronal level of dye penetration. The measurement of dye penetration was statistically compared by Duncan's multiple range test The results were as follows 1. Ultrasonic group showed the best sealing ability among the all experimental groups, but there were statistically no significant difference in the sealing ability between ultrasonic group and vertical condensation group. 2. There were no statistically significant difference in the sealing ability among the lateral, vertical, and ultrasonic groups. 3. McSpadden group showed the worst sealing ability among the all exprimental groups.
STUDIES ON THE EFFECTS OF BLEACHING AGENT LEAKED THROUGH THE DENTINAL TUBULES OF CERVICAL AREA ON CULTURED FIBROBLAST CELLS
Chu, Kwang-Moon ; Choi, Gi-Woon ; Han, Du-Seok ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 155~164
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of bleaching agent through the dentinal tubules of cervical area in the intracoronal bleaching of pulpless teeth on cutured fibroblast cells. Extracted human incisors were enlarged to # 40 K-file and obturated with gutta-perella and AH 26 sealer. The gutta-percha was removed to 2mm below the cementoenamel junction of the root The teeth were divided into 3 experimental and control groups. Experimental groups; Experimental group 1: Temporary inlay wax filld with 30%
in pulp cavity. Experimental group 2: Temporary inlay wax filld with 30%
in pulp cavity after placement of ZOE cement to cementoenamel junction. Experimental group 3: Temporary inlay wax filld with 30%
in pulp cavity after application of Copalite to cementoenamel junction. Control group: Temporary inlay wax filled without 30%
in pulp cavity under the same condition at each experimental group. Each tooth was immersed in well of multidish cultured fibroblast cell for 48 hours. The cellular multiplication and cell viability were calculated at the interval of 1, 3, 5. 7 hours and the morphological changes in well were observed and their photographs were taken with inverted microscope. The obtained results were as follows : CD The cellurar multiplicaton and cell viability decreased in all experimental groups at 1 hour after experiment and the morphology of fibroblast cell was changed from star shape to round (2) The cell viability was lowered to 34 % in experemental group 1, 44 % in experimental group 2, and 38 % in experemental group 3 at 3 hours after experiment (3) The cell multiplication was decreased to 54% in experemental group 1. 47% in experimental group 2, and 40% in experemental group 3 at 7 hours after experiment. (4) The decrease of cell number and morphological changes of fibroblast cell were remarkable in experimental group 1, group 3 and 2 in order. These results suggest that the fibroblast cells receive severe damage by 30%
solution leaked through the dentinal tubules and the dentinal tubules are able to be obturated better by ZOE cement than by Copalite.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE ARACHIDONIC ACID METABOLITES IN HUMAN INFLAMMATORY DENTAL PULP AND PERIODONTAL TISSUES
Son, Ho-Hyun ; Kim, Hyung-Seop ; Chang, Kee-Wan ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 165~173
The purpose of the present study was to measure and compare the arachidonic acid metabolites in diseased periodontal tissue and vital pulp tissue of the tooth, and to investigate the relationship between periodontal and pulp disease. Diseased periodontal tissue of periodontally involved human teeth and vital pulp tissue from the same teeth which were intact with no periapical lesions were obtained. Each periodontal and pulp tissue homogenates from the same tooth were incubated with
- arachidonic acid. Lipid solvent extracts were separated by thin layer chromatography to be analyzed by autoradiography and TLC analyzer. 1. The conversion into
, 6 - keto -
, and unidentified metabolite in pulp tissue were less than that in diseased periodontal tissue(P<0.05). 2. Biosynthetic levels of
, unidentified metabolite, 6 - keto -
and HETEs were not satistically significant between diseased periodontal tissue and pulp tissue.
was measured highly in pulp tissue(P<0.1). 3. The percentage of each metabolite to the total converted metabolites were not statistically significant between diseased periodontal tissue and pulp tissue. But the percentage of
in pulp tissue was higher than that in diseased periodontal tissue(P<0.05). 4. The relative amounts of the total metabolites formed in lipoxygenase pathway to those formed in cyclo - oxygenase pathway were 6 fold in diseased periodontal tissue and 12 fold in pulp tissue. But there was no statistical significance between diseased periodontal tissue and pulp tissue(P>0.05).
A STUDY OF THE ANATOMY OF MANDIBULAT MOLAR & THE EFFECT OF VARIOUS INSTRUMENTATION ON CORONAL FLARING
Lee, Se-Jong ; An, Byoung-Doo ; Choi, Gi-Woon ; Yim, Mi-Keoung ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 174~181
A model system was used which enabled the same root canal system to be measured before and after coronal flaring of 51 extracted mandibular molars. The concavity of the distal surface of the mesial root was measured and the amount of reduction was compared after coronal flaring using step-back flared preparation, Gates-Glidden dirll or ultrasonic system(Quick-
) at the furcation and apical 3mm from the furcation. The results were as follows: 1. The mean concavity of mesial root of manchbular molar was
at the bifurcation and
at the 3.0mm apical from the bifurcation. 2. The thickness of the root canal wall of the mesiobuccal canal was
at the bifurcation and
at the 3.0mm apical from the bifurcation. 3. The thickness of the root canal wall of the mesiolingual was
at the bifurcation and
at the 3.0mm apical from the bifurcation. 4. In the amount of reduction at the furcation and at the 3.0mm apical from the furcation there was no statistically significant difference between the step-back preparation and Gates-Glidden drill preparation, and ultrasonic preparation(P>0.05).
A CLINICAL STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF INTRACANAL MEDICATION IN ENDODONTIC TREATMENT
Lim, Sung-Sam ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 182~188
The purpose of this study was to clarify the effect of intracana1 medication on the clinical symptoms and the number of visits before canal filling in endodontic treatment The experimental teeth was divided into three groups. The teeth of group 1 was irrigated with saline solution and the teeth of group 2 was irrigated with sodium hypochlorite during biomechanical preparation. The intracanal medicament was not applied in the canals of group 1 and group 2. The teeth of group 3 was irrigated with sodium hypochlorite and hydrogen peroxide during canal enlargement and applied formocresol as intracanal medicament after drying the root canals with paper points. The incidence of interappintment pain and percussion pain after 1 st visit and the number of appointments before canal filling was examined, and the results was statistically compared. The following results were obtained. 1. The incidence of interappointment pain and percussion pain and the number of visits before canal filling was not effected by the types of irrigant and the use of the intracanal medicament 2. There was no significant difference in the incidence of interappintment pain arid percussion pain and the number of appointement before canal filling between vital teeth and non vital teeth, and also between single rooted teeth and multirooted teeth. 3. The use of formocresol as intracanal medicament was not able to aid the elimination of clinical symptoms and to decrease the number of appointment before canal filling.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE MEASUREMENT OF THE INITIAL ACIDITY OF DENTAL CEMENTS
Lee, Myung-Jong ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 189~196
The purpose of this study was to observe the inital acidity of zinc phosphate cements(Confit and Super Cem), poly carboxylate cement(Unident and Poly F), zinc oxide engenol cement(Stailine Super EBA) and g1ass ionomer cement(Fuji ionomer) Each cement was manuplated in accordance with each manufacturer's direction. All cements were mixed at the room temperature of
, and the electrode of pH meter(Ionanalyzer) was inserted in the mixed cement, and the acidity of cement were measured for 20 minutes from begining of cement mixing at
Results were as follows 1. The acidity of all cements ranges from pH 3, 5 to 4, 5 at 2 minutes after the start of mixing 2. The value of pH at
was higher than the value of pH at
in all cements. 3. As the time elapsed, the pH in all cements rose. The 20 minutes after the start of mixing the range of acidity was from pH 5 to pH 6 except Poly F. 4. In polycarboxylate cement, the different value of acidity at
was greatest. 5. The curve pattern of acidity in Unident was similar to that in Poly F cement The pH value of Unident was higher then that of Poly F, and value of pH in the curve pattern of acidity in Confit were similar to those in Super cement.
A STUDY ON THE ROUGHNESS OF THE VISIBLE LIGHT CURED COMPOSITE RESINS
Lee, Myung-Jong ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 16, issue 2, 1991, Pages 197~212
The purpose of this study was to roughness on the polished surface of visible light composite resins and was to observe the polished surfaces under Scanning Electrom Microscope(ISI DS 130 AKASHI Co. JAPAN). The surface roughness tester(Surfcom 700A Seimtsu profilometer Tokyo, Japan) was used to measure roughness of polished surfaces. In this study, 5 brands of visible of composite resins were examined, Pyrofile light bond Anterior Lite fil anterior Photo clearfil anterior & posterior Palfique light Anterior and posterior Silux Anterior. White point, Silicure point, Super snap Sof-Lex medium disk as cutting instrument, and celluloid matrix were used. The results obtained were as follows. 1. The Celluloid matrix produced the smoothest surfaces. 2. The surfaces made by Soflex medium disk was smoother than the surfaces made by any other polishing instruments. 3. The values of surface roughness made by White point, Silicon point and Super snap were similer. 4. Palfique light (AP) visible light composite resin showed the smoothest surface after polishing with Silicone point, Super snap disk and Soflex mediuem disk in all tested materials.