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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Oct 1992
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 1992
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A STUDY ON THE CYTOTOXICITY OF ROOT CANNAL SEALERS TO SEVERAL CELL LINES
Im, Mi-Kyung ; Lee, Chung-Sik ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 17, issue 2, 1992, Pages 263~286
This study was performed to evaluate and compare the cytotoxic effects of five root canal sealers to several different cell lines. Five root canal sealers were AH-26, N2, Sealapex, Tubliseal, and Vitapex. Each sealers were mixed according to the manufacturer's instructions, and culture media were added to each sealers immediately after mixing (the immediate group) and after three days (the third day group) and seven days (the seventh day group) respectively. And every sealer solutions were diluted to 1:1, 1:2, 1:3 and 1:4. Three different permanent cell lines (HEp-2, McCoy, MRC-S) and human gingival fibroblasts and mononuclear cells were challenged by each sealer solution and the cytopathic effects were evaluated using MTT-ELISA, MTT-microscopy, and lactate dehydrogenase (LD) activity. The results were as follows: 1. In HEp-2 and MRC-5 cells, Vitapex was the least cytotoxic sealers. 2. AH-26 showed mild cytotoxic effects to HEp-2, gingival fibroblast and mononuclear cells. 3. N2 was the most toxic sealer to gingival fibroblast and it showed relatively strong cytotoxicity to HEp-2, McCoy and MRC-S cells. 4. Tubliseal showed strong cytotoxic effects to HEp-2, McCoy, MRC-S, and mononuclear cells. 5. Sealapex showed strong cytotoxic effect to HEp-2, McCoy, and gingival fibroblasts.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE INITIAL AMALGAM CORROSION IN ARTIFICIAL SALIVA
Kim, Mi-Ja ; Lee, Myung-Jong ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 17, issue 2, 1992, Pages 287~306
The amounts of copper, mercury, silver, tin, and zinc released from conventional, dispersed phase and spherical high copper content amalgam immersed in artificial saliva soln. for periods of 2 hours, 1 day, 7 days, 30 days has been measured using Neutron Activation analysis and Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. The second electron image and EDX of the surface of samples immersed in artificial saliva were observed using SEM. The following results were obtained. 1. The dispersed non-
amalgam released more Hg, Ag than the
-amalgams. Later a decrease of the release rate could be observed. 2. The dispersed high copper amalgam released more copper than low-copper amalgam and the release rate was decreased with time. But the amounts of copper released from Tytin increased with time. 3. Zinc was released all the experiment time. 4. EDAX showed that surface was composed of Ca,P, Sn, Ag, Zn, and Cu, but C1 was not detected. 5. The discontinued destructed surface was observed from the polished amalgam surface. High copper amalgam was destructed more than low copper amalgam.
A STUDY ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF GLASS IONOMER CEMENT FOR RESTORATIVE FILLING USING VISIBLE LIGHT POLYMERIZATION
Shin, Dong-Hoon ; Kwon, Hyuk-Choon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 17, issue 2, 1992, Pages 307~330
The aim of this study was to investigate the physical properties of visible light curing Glass Ionomer cement for restorative esthetic filling. The control group was the autopolymerizing GC Fuji II Glass Ionomer cement (2.2: 1 P/L ratio) and the experimental groups were made by following procedure. To induce the polymerization by visible light, the powder of GC Fuji II GI cement and the liquid of Vitrabond for base & liner were mixed in an amalgam capsule with 2.5:1, 3.0:1, 3.5:1 P/L ratio (% wt/wt). After fabrication of specimens, compressive strength, fracture toughness (
) Scanning Electron Microscope and X-ray Diffraction, water-leachable content, marginal leakage and surface roughness were studied. The results were as follows: 1. Only experimental No. 1 group (visible light curing) showed less compressive strength than control group 1 hour after curing. Strength was increased with aging in all groups, so the compressive strength of light curing groups was no less than that of autopolymerizing group after 3 weeks. 2. Experimental No.3 group (visible light curing) was inferior to No.2 group (visible light curing) in fracture resistance but light curing groups were more resistant to fracture than autopolymerizing group and showed ductile fracture pattern as compared with the brittle fracture pattern of autopolymerizing group. 3. From scanning electron microscopic image, various sized unreacted powder particles, surrounded by silica gel, were embedded in polysalt matrix. Light curing groups showed little crack and more dense unreacted particles than autopolymerizing group. 4. From X-ray diffraction analysis, GC Fuji II Glass Ionomer cement powder and all groups showed glassy appearance but light curing groups seemed to be more intensive in crystaline than autopolymerizing group. S. The most significant dissolution was shown in early setting period in all group. Light curing groups were dissolved less than autopolymerizing group. 6. Marginal leakage was not different significantly in case of cavity margin composed of same tooth structure (ex. only enamel margin, only dentin margin) but much more leakage was shown in dentin/cementum margin than enamel margin. In only case of only enamel margin, light curing groups were superior to autopolymerizing group. 7. All groups showed relatively smooth surface, which irregularity was less than
. Light curing groups were smoother than autopolymerizing group.
A STUDY ON THE POLYMERIZATION STRESS OF COMPOSITE RESINS
Kim, Boo-Rang ; Choi, Ho-Young ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Park, Sang-Jin ; Choi, Gi-Woon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 17, issue 2, 1992, Pages 331~341
The purpose of this study was to measure the polymerization contraction stress of two types of composite resins; chemical cured type(Cliarfil F II, Kuraray, Japan) and photo-cured type(Photo-Clearfil Bright, Kuraray, Japan). The stresses of composite resin by contraction measured with specially designed measuring device(Fig. 1). The stresses caused by shrinkage during hardening of specimens were measured according to the type of composite resins, thickness of specimen(0.65, 1.30 and 1.95mm), and ratio of catalyst to base in case of only chemical cured composite resin(0.5, 1.0 and 1.5). As the composite resin specimen shrank on hardening, the load cell recorded force vs time automatically on pen-recorder(Toa, Japan) with a cross-head speed 60mm/hr at 0~10 voltages up to 2 hours. The experiments were conducted in a room maintained at
and relative humidity
. The results were as follows. 1. The contraction stress during hardening was higher in photo cured composite resin than in chemical cured composite resin. 2. The contraction stress during hardening was increased with thickness of composite resin specimen. 3. In chemical cured composite resin, the polymerization contraction stress was decreased with ratio of catalyst and base. 4. The contraction stress during polymerization was higher in early time after insertion of photo cured composite resin and chemical cured composite resin.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LINEAR AND VOLUMETRIC MEASUREMENTS OF DYE PENETRATION IN THE SEALING EFFECT OF CANAL OBTURATION
Paek, Sung-Rae ; Cho, Kyeu-Zeung ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 17, issue 2, 1992, Pages 343~354
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between linear and volumetric measurements of apical dye penetration in canals obturated by various kinds of methods. The canals of 108 roots without crown were conventionally prepared and randomly assigned to four group. The canals of group I a2 were obturated by lateral condensation with sealer, group II a2 by thermoplasticized low-temperature (
) gutta-percha with sealer, group III by Thermafil endodntic obturation with sealer and group IV by injection-molded thermop-lasticized guttapercha One mm of root apex was exposed to a 2 % methylene blue solution at
or 10 days, and the quality of apical seals was assessed by measuring the leakage linearly and volumetrically. The obtained results were as follows: In linear measurements, group II showed significanty less leakage than group III, I and group III also showed less than group N, but no statistically significant difference was demonstrated between the others. In volumetric measurements, group II showed significantly less leakage than group I and II, and no significant differnce from group III. There was a weak significant correlation between the linear measurement and the volumetric measurement(r=0.3391, P<0.001).
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF DENTINAL PRETREATMENT ON BOND STRENGTH BETWEEN GLASS IONOMER CEMENT AND DENTIN
Chung, Sang-Baek ; Im, Mi-Kyung ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 17, issue 2, 1992, Pages 355~364
This is a study on the effect of the dentinal pretreatment method to the bond strength between dentin and glass ionomer cement. In this study, 196 human molar teeth with sound crown were used. The dentin surfaces of these teeth were exposed with wet trimmer and polished with # 800 Emory paper and teeth were divided into 7 groups according to the pretreatment agent and method. Each group has 4 subroups of the kinds of glass ionomers. The shear bond strength were measured by Instron Universal Testing machine model 1122. The data of the evaluations were then subjected to statistical analysis using one way ANOVA and the result were as follows : 1. In Durelon liquid 20 sec scrubbing & Vitrebond filling subgroup, shear bond strength was highest with measurements of 72.41(kg/
) and in no pretreatment & Shofu lining cement filling subgroup, lowest with measurements of 4.77(kg/
). 2. In no pretreatment group, statistical significant differences were found between the subgroups of G-C lining cement and Shofu lining cement. 3. In Ketac conditioner 20 sec scrubbing group, Vitrebond were bonded stronger than others, and in Ketac conditioner 10 sec passive contact group, it has the significant difference with other glass ionomers except G-C lining cement. 4. The subgroup og G-C dentin conditioner 20 sec scrubbing & G-C lining cement filling was bonded to dentin stronger than the subgroup of no pretreatment & Shofu lining cement. In G-C dentin conditioner groups, both of 10 sec passive contact and 20 sec scrubbing, Vitrebond has highest bond strength among the subgroups. 5. The subgroup of Durelon liquid 10 sec passive contact & G-C lining cement filling was bonded to dentin stronger than the subgroup of no pretreatment & Shofu lining cement. Also in both Durelon liquid groups, Vitrebond were bonded to dentin with the highest strength among the subgroups.
A SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STUDY ON THE ADAPTATION OF ROOT CANAL FILLING MATERIAL TO ROOT CANAL WALL WITH AND WITHOUT SMEAR LAYER
Moon, Joo-Hoon ; Cho, Young-Gon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 17, issue 2, 1992, Pages 365~382
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adaptation of filling material to the dentinal walls of root canals with and without smear layer. Fifty extracted upper and lower anterior teeth were selected, and the root canals were instrumented with K - files 1mm short of the apical foramen by step - back method. The teeth were randomly divided into two groups of 25 each : in the group I, smear layers were not removed, and in the group II, smear layers were removed by 15% EDTA solution. Again the two groups 25 teeth were randomly divided into unfilled contol group and filling groups(lateral, ultrasonic, ULTRAFIL, McSpadden compaction group). Upon completion of root canal filling, the teeth were grooved on the both the labial and lingual surfaces and then split with mallet and chisel. Each specimens were examined with JSM - 840 Scanning Electron Microscope (JEOL., Japan). The results were as follows : 1. In the contol group, dentinal tubules of group I couldn't be distinguished in the canal wall, but those of group II appeared to be open and patent. 2. In the filling groups of group I, the tubular penetration of the sealer or gutta percha couldn't be seen, but in the filling groups of group II, it could be seen except McSpadden compaction group. 3. In the filling groups, ULTRAFIL group showed the best adaptation of filling material to root canal wall among the group I, and lateral and ultrasonic condensation group showed the best adaptation of filling material among the group II. McSpadden compaction group showed the worst adaptation in group I, II. 4. Generally, the group II showed better adapation of filling material to root canal wall than the group I.
INFLUENCE OF ARTIFICIAL SALIVA CONTAMINATION ON BONDING OF DENTIN ADHESIVES TO DENTIN
Ryu, Mee-Ae ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Oh, Won-Mann ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 17, issue 2, 1992, Pages 383~397
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of artificial saliva contamination on bonding of several dentin adhesives to dentin. Sixty - three human molar teeth extracted within a month were used. Each tooth was sectioned longitudinally in a buccolingual direction to obtain 126 specimens. These specimens were randomly divided into three groups and were treated by Scotchbond 2, Gluma and All bond. Each group was subdivided into three subgroups; normal group not contaminated with artificial saliva, contaminated with artificial saliva and dried group, and contaminated with artificial saliva and washed and dried group. Enamel/dentin bonding agent(Dental Adhesive of Scotchbond 2) was applied and light cured on the treated dentin surfaces. Thereafter P - 50 were cured on them, and specimens were stored in
artificial saliva for 24 hours before measuring shear bond strength. Shear bond strengths were determined using an universal testing machine with cross head speed 1mm/min and SEM examinations were conducted to evaluate the resin - dentin interface and degree of penetrating resin string into the dentinal tubules. The following results were obtained. 1. Normal groups not contaminated with artificial saliva showed greater shear bond strength than any other group contaminated with artificial saliva(P<0.01). 2. The shear bond strengths showed no significant difference between washed groups with distilled water and not washed groups after contamination with artificial saliva(P>0.05). 3. In normal groups, the shear bond strength of A group was significantly greater than in any other group(P<0.01). 4. In Sand G groups, fractures after shear bond strength tests occured adhesively on resintooth interface in all specimens. But in A groups, fracture of the normal group occured cohesively in dentin and fracture of the contaminated groups occured adhesively and cohesively. 5. On SEM examination, the number of resin strings penetrated into dentinal tubules were the greatest in normal groups, followed by, in descending order, washed groups and not washed groups after contamination with artificial saliva.
EVALUATION OF ROOT CANAL TRANSPORTATION AND REMAINING DENTIN/CEMENTUM THICKNESS FOLLOWING HAND AND ULTRASONIC INSTRUMENTATION
Seo, Byoung-Kon ; Cho, Young-Gon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 17, issue 2, 1992, Pages 399~412
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the root canal transportation and remaining dentin / cementum thickness after using hand and ultrasonic instrumentation in the curved mesial root canals of extracted human mandibular molars. Fourty - six clear polyether blocks were made and randomly divided into two groups: hand instrumentation group with K - Flex files and ultrasonic instrumentation group with Suprasson SP unit. All root canals were instrumented to a size corresponding to a # 30 K - Flex file 1mm short from the radiographic apex. The roots were then sectioned perpendicular to the long axis so the apical and middle third could be evaluated with the Zoom stereomicroscope. The results were as follows : 1. In the total amount of removed dentin at middle third level, there was not significant difference between the hand instrumentation and ultrasonic instrumentation (P>0.05). 2. In the total amount of removed dentin at apical third level, there was more removed by the ultrasonic instrumentation than hand instrumentation(P<0.005). 3. In the transportation width, there was not significant difference between the two groups at both sectioned levels(P>0.05). 4. It was suggested that the canal was transported distally at middle third level and mesially at apical third level by booth techniques.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE EFFECT K - FILE AND ULTRASONIC INSTRUMENT IN CLEANING AND SHAPING ROOT CANAL
Kim, Sang-Seop ; Im, Mi-Kyung ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 17, issue 2, 1992, Pages 413~420
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of hand instrumentation with K - file and ultrasonic instrumentation and irrigation system in removing pulpal debris and canal wall planing. 20 mandibular molar teeth were instrumented to size 30 K - file and 20 teeth were instrumented with ultrasonic Suprasson. And Normal Saline and 2.5% NaOCl were used as irrigation solution. All specimens were viewed at the coronal, middle, and apical third of the root canals for the evaluation of the cleaning effect under the multiview microscope. The result were as follows : 1. All of the technique and irrigation solution was effecient in the debris removal and canal wall planing at the cervical and middle thirds of the root canal. 2. All of the techniques and irrigation solutions was less efficient in the debris removal and canal planing at the apical third of the root canal. 3. The debris removal and canal wall planing was depended more on the anatomical variations of the root canal than on the techniques and irrigation solutions.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE SHEAR BOND STRENGTH OF THE COMPOSITE RESIN WITH THE VARIOUS SURFACE TREATMENTS OF LIGHT - CURED GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS
Yong, Seung-Hee ; Lee, Chung-Suck ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 17, issue 2, 1992, Pages 421~430
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bond strength between the composite resin and light - cured glass ionomer cement base / liners treated by the several methods. The light - cured glass ionomer cement(Vitrebond / Cavalite) were injected into cavites prepared in acrylic plates. One hundred and twenty specimens were uniformly prepared and devided into 3 groups. For the first group, primer was not applied to glass ionomer cement. For the second group, no application of primer was undertaken and light - curing procedure to uncured glass ionomer cement surface which was covered by bonding agent was undertaken. After bonding composite resin to light - cured glass ionomer surface, the specimens, were stored in
, 100% humidity for 1 hour. The following results were obtained : 1. The omission of application of a primer did not produce a significantly poorer bond strength. 2. Light - curing technique to uncured glass ionomer cement which was covered by bonding agent did not produce a significantly poorer bonding strength. 3. The bond strength of Cavalite to composite resin was significantly higher than that of Vitrebond. 4. There was no significant difference between two different types of composite materials(Silux-Plus / Herculite XR) when it was applied to bond to glass ionomer cement.
A survey on the recognition and health insurance coverage of endodontic treatments in Korea
Lee, Byeong-Rip ; Lee, Jeong-Seok ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 17, issue 2, 1992, Pages 431~438