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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Nov 2009
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Sep 2009
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Jul 2009
Volume 34, Issue 3 - May 2009
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Mar 2009
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
STRESS DISTRIBUTION FOR NITI FILES OF TRIANGULAR BASED AND RECTANGULAR BASED CROSS-SECTIONS USING 3-DIMENSIONAL FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS
Kim, Hyun-Ju ; Lee, Chan-Joo ; Kim, Byung-Min ; Park, Jeong-Kil ; Hur, Bock ; Kim, Hyeon-Cheol ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.5395/JKACD.2009.34.1.001
The purpose of this study was to compare the stress distributions of NiTi rotary instruments based on their cross-sectional geometries of triangular shape-based cross-sectional design, S-shaped cross-sectional design and modified rectangular shape-based one using 3D FE models. NiTi rotary files of S-shaped and modified rectangular design of cross-section such as Mtwo or NRT showed larger stress change while file rotation during simulated shaping. The stress of files with rectangular cross-section design such as Mtwo, NRT was distributed as an intermittent pattern along the long axis of file. On the other hand, the stress of files with triangular cross-section design was distributed continuously. When the residual stresses which could increase the risk of file fatigue fracture were analyzed after their withdrawal. the NRT and Mtwo model also presented higher residual stresses. From this result, it can be inferred that S-shaped and modified rectangular shape-based files were more susceptible to file fracture than the files having triangular shape-based one.
EFFECT OF RESTORATION TYPE ON THE STRESS DISTRIBUTION OF ENDODONTICALLY TREATED MAXILLARY PREMOLARS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL FINITE ELEMENT STUDY
Jung, Heun-Sook ; Kim, Hyeon-Cheol ; Hur, Bock ; Kim, Kwang-Hoon ; Son, Kwon ; Park, Jeong-Kil ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 8~19
DOI : 10.5395/JKACD.2009.34.1.008
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of four restorative materials under various occlusal loading conditions on the stress distribution at the CEJ of buccal. palatal surface and central groove of occlusal surface of endodontically treated maxillary second premolar, using a 3D finte element analysis. A 3D finite element model of human maxillary second premolar was endodontically treated. After endodontic treatment, access cavity was filled with Amalgam, resin, ceramic or gold of different mechanical properties. A static 500N forces were applied at the buccal (Load-1) and palatal cusp (Load-2) and a static 170N forces were applied at the mesial marginal ridge and palatal cusp simultaneously as centric occlusion (Load-3). Under 3-type Loading condition, the value of tensile stress was analyzed after 4-type restoration at the CEJ of buccal and palatal surface and central groove of occlusal surface Excessive high tensile stresses were observed along the palatal CEJ in Load-1 case and buccal CEJ in Load-2 in all of the restorations. There was no difference in magnitude of stress in relation to the type of restorations. Heavy tensile stress concentrations were observed around the loading point and along the central groove of occlusal surface in all of the restorations. There was slight difference in magnitude of stress between different types of restorations. High tensile stress concentrations around the loading points were observed and there was no difference in magnitude of stress between different types of restorations in Load-3.
THE DYNAMIC CHANGE OF ARTIFICIALLY DEMINERALIZED ENAMEL BY DEGREE OF SATURATION OF REMINERALIZATION SOLUTION AT pH 4.3
Yi, Ji-Sook ; Roh, Bung-Duk ; Shin, Su-Jung ; Lee, Yoon ; Gong, Hyung-Kyu ; Lee, Chan-Young ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 20~29
DOI : 10.5395/JKACD.2009.34.1.020
The purpose of this study is to observe and compare the dynamic change of artificially demineralized enamel by remineralization solutions of different degrees of saturation at pH 4.3. In this study, 30 enamel specimens were demineralized artificially by lactic acid buffered solution. Each of 10 specimens was immersed in pH 4.3 remineralization solution of three different degrees of saturation (0.22, 0.30, 0.35) for 10 days. After demineralization and remineralization, images were taken by a polarizing microscope (
). The density of lesion were determined from images taken after demineralization and remineralization. During remineralization process, mineral deposition and mineral loss occurred at the same time. After remineralization, total mineral amount and width of surface lesion increased in all groups. The higher degree of saturation was, the more mineral deposition occurred in surface lesion and the amount of mineral deposition was not much in subsurface lesion. Total demineralized depth increased in all groups.
EFFECT OF PRE-HEATING ON SOME PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF COMPOSITE RESIN
Jin, Myoung-Uk ; Kim, Sung-Kyo ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 30~37
DOI : 10.5395/JKACD.2009.34.1.030
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of pre-heating on some physical properties of composite resin. Eighty extracted, noncarious human molars were used in the present study. Four different temperatures of composite resin were used:
values represented the refrigerator storage temperature and room temperature respectively. For
, composite resin was heated to the temperatures. As physical properties of composite resin, shear bond strength, microhardness, and degree of conversion were measured. The data for each group were subjected to one-way ANOVAs followed by the Tukey's HSD test at 95% confidence level. Both in enamel and dentin, among composite resin of
, the pre-heated composite resin up to
revealed the highest shear bond strength, and pre-heated composite resin to the higher temperature revealed higher shear bond strength. Microhardness value was also higher with composite resin of higher temperature. Degree of conversion was also higher with composite resin of the higher temperature. In this study, it seems that pre-heating composite resin up to the higher temperature may show higher shear bond strength, higher microhardness value, and higher degree of conversion. Therefore, when using composite resin in the clinic, preheating the composite resin could be recommended to have enhanced physical properties of it.
IATROGENIC CHEMICAL BURN ON FACIAL SKIN BY 37% PHOSPHORIC ACID ETCHANT
Park, Jong-Hyun ; Shin, Hye-Jin ; Park, Se-Hee ; Kim, Jin-Woo ; Cho, Kyung-Mo ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 38~41
DOI : 10.5395/JKACD.2009.34.1.038
When we use the total-etch dentin adhesive system for composite resin restorations, gel or liquid acid etchant such as 37% phosphoric acid is commonly used. Thirty seven percentage phosphoric acid is very powerful erosive agent, and can cause severe harmful effects when it contacts with an oral mucosa and facial skin. This case describes iatrogenic chemical burn on facial skin caused by phosphoric acid which was happened during composite resin restorative procedure. Chemical burn by acid etchant can be evoked by careless handling of remnant and syringe. In order to prevent these iatrogenic injuries, we should check the complete removal of the etching agent both in intra and extra-oral environments after etching and rinsing procedure and it is necessary to use of the rubber dam or isolation instruments. If accidental burn were occurred. immediate wash with copious water. And bring the patient to the dermatologist as soon as possible.
THE EFFECT OF PRIMING ETCHED DENTIN WITH SOLVENT ON THE MICROTENSILE BOND STRENGTH OF HYDROPHOBIC DENTIN ADHESIVE
Park, Eun-Sook ; Bae, Ji-Hyun ; Kim, Jong-Soon ; Kim, Jae-Hoon ; Lee, In-Bog ; Kim, Chang-Keun ; Son, Ho-Hyun ; Cho, Byeong-Hoon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 42~50
DOI : 10.5395/JKACD.2009.34.1.042
Deterioration of long-term dentin adhesion durability is thought to occur by hydrolytic degradation within hydrophilic domains of the adhesive and hybrid layers. This study investigated the hypothesis that priming the collagen network with an organic solvent displace water without collapse and thereby obtain good bond strength with an adhesive made of hydrophobic monomers and organic solvents. Three experimental adhesives were prepared by dissolving two hydrophobic monomers, bisphenol-A-glycidylmethacrylate (Bis-GMA) and triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), into acetone, ethanol or methanol. After an etching and rinsing procedure, the adhesives were applied onto either wet dentin surfaces (wet bonding) or dentin surfaces primed with the same solvent (solvent-primed bonding). Microtensile bond strength (MTBS) was measured at 48 hrs, 1 month and after 10,000 times of thermocycles. The bonded interfaces were evaluated using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Regardless of bonding protocols, well-developed hybrid layers were observed at the bonded interface in most specimens. The highest mean MTBS was observed in the adhesive containing ethanol at 48 hrs. With solvent-primed bonding, increased MTBS tendencies were seen with thermo cycling in the adhesives containing ethanol or methanol. However, in the case of wet bonding, no increase in MTBS was observed with aging.
QUANTITATIVE COMPARISON OF PERMEABILITY IN THE ADHESIVE INTERFACE OF FOUR ADHESIVE SYSTEMS
Chang, Ju-Hea ; Yi, Kee-Wook ; Kim, Hae-Young ; Lee, In-Bog ; Cho, Byeong-Hoon ; Son, Ho-Hyun ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 51~60
DOI : 10.5395/JKACD.2009.34.1.051
The purpose of this study was to perform quantitative comparisons of water permeable zones in both the adhesive and the hybrid layer before and after thermo cycling in order to assess the integrity of the bonding interface. Twenty eight flat dentin surfaces were bonded with a light-cured composite resin using one of four commercial adhesives [OptiBond FL (OP), AdheSE (AD), Clearfil SE Bond (CL). and Xeno III (XE)]. These were sectioned into halves and subsequently cut to yield 2-mm thick specimens; one specimen for control and the other subjected to thermocycling for 10,000 cycles. After specimens were immersed in ammoniacal silver nitrate for 24 h and exposed to a photo developing solution for 8 h, the bonded interface was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and wavelength dispersive spectrometry (WDS) at five locations per specimen. Immediately after bonding. the adhesive layer of OP showed the lowest silver uptake, followed by CL, AD. and XE in ascending order (p < 0.0001); the hybrid layer of CL had the lowest silver content among the groups (p = 0.0039). After thermocycling, none of the adhesives manifested a significant increase of silver in either the adhesive or the hybrid layer. SEM demonstrated the characteristic silver penetrated patterns within the interface. It was observed that integrity of bonding was well maintained in OP and CL throughout the thermocycling process. Adhesive-tooth interfaces are vulnerable to hydrolytic degradation and its permeability varies in different adhesive systems, which may be clinically related to the restoration longevity.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON RADIOPACITY OF ROOT CANAL SEALERS
Kim, Tae-Min ; Kim, Seo-Kyoung ; Hwang, In-Nam ; Hwang, Yun-Chan ; Kang, Byung-Cheol ; Yoon, Suk-Ja ; Lee, Jae-Seo ; Oh, Won-Mann ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 61~68
DOI : 10.5395/JKACD.2009.34.1.061
This study was performed to assess the radiopacity of a variety of root canal sealers according to the specification concerning root canal sealers. Ten materials including Tubli-
. Kerr Pulp Canal
, AH plus
, Ad sea
and dentin were evaluated in this study. In the first part, densitometric reading of an each step of aluminum step wedge on occlusal film was performed at different voltage and exposure time. In the second part, ten specimens were radiographed simultaneously with an aluminum step wedges on the occlusal films under decided condition. The mean radiographic density values of the materials were transformed into radiopacity expressed equivalent thickness of aluminum (mm Al). The following results were obtained. 1. Among the various conditions, the appropriate voltage and exposure time that meet the requirement density was 60 kVp at 0.2 s 2. All of the materials had greater radiopacity than 3 mm Al requirement of ANSI/ADA specification No. 57 (2000) and ISO No. 6876 (2001) standards. 3. The radiopacity of materials increased as thickness of materials increased. 4. The mm Al value of each specimen at 1mm in thickness has a significant difference in the statistics. It suggests that root canal sealers have a sufficient radiopacity that meet the requirement.
STRESS DISTRIBUTION OF ENDODONTICALLY TREATED MAXILLARY SECOND PREMOLARS RESTORED WITH DIFFERENT METHODS: THREE-DIMENSIONAL FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS
Lim, Dong-Yeol ; Kim, Hyeon-Cheol ; Hur, Bock ; Kim, Kwang-Hoon ; Son, Kwon ; Park, Jeong-Kil ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 34, issue 1, 2009, Pages 69~79
DOI : 10.5395/JKACD.2009.34.1.069
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of elastic modulus of restorative materials and the number of interfaces of post and core systems on the stress distribution of three differently restored endodontically treated maxillary second premolars using 3D FE analysis. Model 1, 2 was restored with a stainless steel or glass fiber post and direct composite resin. A PFG or a sintered alumina crown was considered. Model 3 was restored by EndoCrown. An oblique 500 N was applied on the buccal (Load A) and palatal (Load B) cusp. The von Mises stresses in the coronal and root structure of each model were analyzed using ANSYS. The elastic modulus of the definitive restorations rather than the type of post and core system was the primary factor that influenced the stress distribution of endodontically treated maxillary premolars. The stress concentration at the coronal structure could be lowered through the use of definitive restoration of high elastic modulus. The stress concentration at the root structure could be lowered through the use of definitive restoration of low elastic modulus.