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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Dec 1980
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HISTOLOGIC STUDY ON THE PERIODONTAL TISSUE REACTIONS OF THE ROOT PERFORATIONS
Park, Sang-Jin ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 7~16
The author observed the periodontal tissue reactions to the root canal sealers after root perforations were made intentionally in dogs. The perforations were made on 74 teeth from 7 dogs. The experiments were performed in two different modes of procedure: In Group I, the perforations were made through the root canal to the alveolar bone. In Group II, the perforations were made from site of alveolar bone to the root canals. The perforated canals in Group I were filled with gutta-percha and root canal cements; Calxyl (Calcium Hydroxide in Ringer's solution), Zinc Oxide -Eugenol cement (Z.O.E.), Kerr sealer (Rickert's paste) and AH 26 (Epoxy Resin preparations). The perforated canals in Group II were sealed with Calxyl, Z.O.E, Kerr sealer and AH26. Histologic examinations of periodontal tissue reactions were observed at various time intervals. The results were as follows; l. Cementum deposition on the perforated root surface in Group II cases showed slightly earlier than that of Group I. Healing tendency of injured alveolar bone in Group II was greater than that of Group I. 2. According to the time increase after experiment, the cementum deposition on the site of perforated dentin in Group II with intact pulp was notably thickened. Secondary dentin deposition on the root canal surface where the dentinal tubles were cut was also found in similar pattern. 3. In the cases of perforated canals sealed with Calxyl both in Group I and Group II, It revealed the earliest cementum-deposition among 4 different root canal cements. In the cases of perforated canals sealed with Kerr sealer and AH26, the cementum-deposition on the root surface was not found. 4. Proliferation of epithelium around the perforated area was first seen at 5-week cases in Group I, and at 3-week cases in Group II. 5. In all cases, dentin resorption on the site of perforated root surface was always occured.
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF FORMOCRESOL TO THE PULP TISSUE
Park, Duk-Sang ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 17~25
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pulpal response against calcium hydroxide and zinc oxide containing various concentration of formocresol (0.1, 0.5, 1, 5, 10, 20 and 30%). The experiment was performed on dog's teeth (75 teeth from 5 dogs: Table 1.) and the teeth were routinly treated in laboratory procedures. Followings are the results obtained through microscopical examination. 1. In zinc oxide group, intlammatory reaction was severe in low concentrated formocresol and the (higher the concentration of formocresol the milder the inflammatory reaction was more evident. 2. In zinc oxide group, inflammatory change was milder at 3 weeks than 1 week, and proliferation of young connective tissue was seen at 3 weeks. 3. In calcium hydroxide group, inflammatory change in relation to the concentration of formocresol was not noticeable. 4. In calcium hydroxide group, repair process with decreased inflammatory reaction and fibrosis, and dentin bridge like layer was found at 3 weeks.
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF A FEW MATERIALS APPLIED TO THE PULP TISSUE AFTER VITAL PULPOTOMY
Kim, Young-Jae ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 27~35
This study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a few disinfectant on amputated pulps of domestic dogs. The materials employed for the purpose were zinc oxide eugenol paste, calcium hydroxide as control groups and guaiacol (1%, 5%, 10% by weight) added zinc oxide eugenol paste and formaldehyde (1%, 5%, 10% by weight) added calcium hydroxide as experimental groups. Following were the results obtained throngh histo-pathological examination. 1) In calcium hydroxide-formaldehyde groups, secondary dentin formation was observed in the 2 weeks, but the remaining pulp tissue was severely atrophied according to the concentration of formaldehyde and the time increased. 2) In zinc oxide eugenol-guaiacol groups, the first evidence of secondary dentin formation was observed in the 3 weeks. It seems that the concentration variety of guaiacol influenced very little to the potential ability of dentin formation. 3) Except 1% formaldehyde containing calcium hydroxide group, every group showed severe pulp degeneration. In all groups of zinc oxide eugenol-guaiacol cases revealed the tendency of recovery.
A STUDY ON THE MICROSCOPIC CHANGE OF THE ENAMEL SURFACE AFTER ACID ETCHING
Min, Byoung-Duck ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 37~50
Scanning Electron Microscopic (SEM) examination on the labial surface of 91 permanent upper incisors were made after etching procedure with phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, hydro chloric acid, oxalic acid, formic acid, citric acid and zinc phosphate liquid for 2 minutes. Following results were obtained. 1. In the surfaces etched by 10%. 50% phosphoric acid, 50% sulfuric acid, 10%. 30% nitric acid, 10%. 50% oxalic acid, 10%. 30%. 50% formic acid, 30%. 50% citric acid and zinc phosphate liquid, there appeared to be a preferential removal of prism cores, but in the surfaces etched by 10% phosphoric acid, 50% nitric acid, 10%. 30% hydrochloric acid and 30% oxalic acid, the prism peripheries were removed preferentially. 2. According to Silverstone classification on enamel etching pattern the surface treated by zinc phosphate liquid, 30. 50% citric acid, 10%. 30%. 50% formic acid, 10%. 50% oxalic acid, 10%. 30% nitric acid, 50% sulfuric acid and 10%. 50%. phosphoric acid showed Type 1, and etched by 30% oxalic acid, 10%. 30% hydrochloric acid, 50% nitric acid and 10% phosphoric acid showed Type II. Etching of prism cores was by far the most common occurence. The changes produced could be related to intrinsic differences in histology and / or solubility of enamel.
A STUDY ON THE MICROSCOPIC CHANGE OF THE CANAL WALL AFTER CANAL TREATMENT
Kahng, Myoung-Whai ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 51~62
A Scanning Electron Microscope study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of mechanical preparation of the root canal in conjunction with a few number of canal irrigants that have been widely used for canal treatment. The irrigants used in this study were 5% sodium hypochlorite, 3% hydrogen peroxide, 15% EDTA, and 30% hydrochloric acid. The root canals of 84 freshly extracted teeth with single or multi root were conventionally prepared with Hedstroem files. 78 canals were irrigated with normal saline solution following each instrument number and 6 canals were prepared without irrigation. After instrumentation 72 canals were flushed with various irrigants for predetermined length of time as shown on the Table 1. Additional 20 teeth were kept uninstrumented and five of them were immersed in 15% EDTA for 5 minutes, five in 5% sodium hypochlorite for 5 minutes, five in 3% hydrogen peroxide for 20 minutes, and the last five were only rinsed with saline solution. The SEM examination revealed as follows: 1. The canal wall cannot be thoroughly prepared by means of files. 2. No typical structural changes occured on instrumented dentin surface by saline solution, 3%
, 5% NaOCl, within 5 minutes. 3. 5% NaOCl Solution showed excellent solvent effect to organic substances in uninstrumented canal within 5 minutes and 15% EDTA and 3%
showed unsignificant changes. 4. 15% EDTA and 30% HCl dissolved calcified debris and dentin chips that obturated the dentinal tubules and showed patent orifices. 5. 15% EDTA affected on peritubular dentin more readily and showed concavity around dentinal tubules.
A STUDY ON THE INCIDENCE OF PULP STONE IN KOREAN
Kim, Yung-Hai ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 63~70
This study was to determine the incidence of pulp stone in each tooth by means of analyzing 375 orthopantomograph taken from 375 patients (252 male), 125 female). The pictures were grouped by age, 20s, 30s, 40s, 50s, and sex. The results were as follows 1. In the group of 20s, male showed the highest incidence in the first molar (40~50%) and the second highest was in the 2nd molar about 35%~50%. In the female group, the first molar and the second molar showed 25%~40%. 2. In the group of 30s, the highest value was found on the first molar and the next was the 2nd molar which appeared 30%~40% in male. In the female, the first molar was 55%~70% and the 2nd molar 30%~50% 3. In the group of 40s, the first molar represented highest value about 45%~60% and the 2nd molar was 40~60% in the male. Female group also showed in the first molar 30%~50% and the second molar 25~30%. 4. In the group of 50s, the highest incidence was 40%~60% on the first molar and next was 35%~50% on the second molar in male, in femalegroup showed 30%~50% on the first molar and 25%~50% on the second molar. 5. The incidence in upper was higher than that of lower. 6. Comparison between right and left showed right was slightly higher than left side.
A STUDY ON THE HEMOGRAM OF PULP IN CONJUNCTION WITH PULP DISEASE
Lee, Myung-Jong ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 71~75
The purpose of this study was to determine the close relation between clinical symptom and histopathologic finding in pulp. 20 samples of pulp tissue were collected from badly decayed teeth with considerable pulp vitality. Hemogram was also made with the first drop of bleedieg after total pulp extirpation (10cases) and vital pulpotomy(10cases). Histologic specimen was made routinely with extirpated pulp and stained by H&E and P.A.S. Stains. The results under microsopic examination were as follows; 1. Hemogram obtained from dental pulp with acute inflammation revealed increase of polymorphonuclear leukocyte in number, more lymphocytes and monocytes. 2. Hemogram from pulp with chronic inflammation shown the number of lymphocyte and monocyte was remarkably increased. 3. Histologi specimen obtained from teeth with severe clinical symptome showed polymorphonuclear leukocyte infiltration and the hemogram also showed polymorphonuclear leukocytes. 4. Specimen from teeth with moderate symptom showed lymphocyte infiltration and vessel dilatation underneath decayed area. Erythrocytes were massively accumulated inside of the vessel wall.
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY on SEALING QUALITY OF KERR SEALER AS ROOT CANAL SEALERS
Yoon, Soo-Han ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 77~81
The author has studied comparatively the sealing quality of conventional Z.O.E. cement, Kerr sealer and Nogenol sealer by means of penetration of 2% methylene blue solution through the root apex of human teeth in 72 cases as time elapsed. The results were as follows; 1. All the specimens, whose dye immersion time is two days, showed dye penetration of low degree unrelated to the kinds of root canal sealer. 2. Kerr sealer group, like conventional Z.O.E. group, showed dye penetration of high degree related to increased time of immersion in the dye. 3. In Nogenol group, there was slight increase in penetration related to increased time of immersion in the dye. 4. Kerr sealer group showed comparatively lower grade of dye penetration than conventional Z.O.E. and higher than Nogenel sealer.
A STUDAY ON THE ROOT CANAL MORPHOLOGY OF HUMAN MAXILLARY SECOND MOLAR WITH TRANSPARENT SPECIMENS
Lee, Jeong-Sik ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 83~86
Fifty human maxillary second molars were injected with china ink, decalcified, cleared, and used in vitro study to determine the number of root canals, the frequency and location of lateral canals, canals per root, and frequency of apical deltas. The results were as follows. 1. The mesiobuccal root was found to contain a single primary canal in 62% of the teeth studied and two canals in 38% of the teeth studied. 2. In mesiobuccal roots with two canals, the seperated apical foramen appeared 24% of the specimens and the common apical foramen 14% of the specimens. 3. Of the 169 canals studied, 23.1% of the canals were found to contain lateral canals and these ramifications were mainly located in the apical third of the root.
ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STUDY OF THE RUDIMENTARY CILIA IN ODONTOBLASTS OF THE MOUSE DENTAL PULP
Lim, Sung-Sam ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 87~92
Two different types of cilia appeared in the odontoblasts with secretory function of the dentin forming substances. The cilia possessing the double nine peripheral fibrils and probably no central pairs of microtubuies with two basal centrioles in odontoblasts and odontoblastic process is speculated to be an indicative of sensory function. The other cilia with a single centriole may be ilssociated with the motile function agitating the extracellular dentin forming materials secreted from the odontoblast.
ISOLATION AND BIOTYPING OF STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS FROM DENTAL PLAQUE OF CARIOUS LESION
Park, Sang-Jin ; Lee, Jean-Yong ; Chung, Choong-Mo ; Ha, Youn-Mun ; Choi, Ho-Young ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 93~103
Streptococcus mutans were isolated from dental plaques of carious lesions of 4 patients on mitis-salivarius agar medium. Three patients known to harbor S. mutans in their dental plaques. Identification of the isolated S. mutans was established by colonial morphology on mitis-salivarius agar medium, the fermentation of mannitol and sorbitol, and confirmed by agglutinating reaction with home made anti-S. mutans NCTC 10449 (serotype c) antiserum. Of the isolated S. mutans, one strain (P2-1) showed strong agglutinating reaction with antiserum, another strain (P1-2) showed weak agglutinating reaction. P2-1 strongly adhered to the wall of the test tube containing 5% sucrose broth, while p1-2 weakly colonized on the wall of the test tube. Biotyping of the isolated S. mutans based on the fermentation of mannitol, sorbitol, raffinose and melibiose, and the production of ammonia from L-arginine, and the inhibition of acid production by bacitracin. Biochemical characteristics of P2-1 strain correlated with the recognized biotype c, pl-2 strain resembled biotype d of S. mutans.
A STUDY ON THE ANAOMY OF THE PULP CHAMBER FLOOR OF THE PERMANENT MAXILLARY FIRST MOLAR
Kwon, Hyuk-Choon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 105~107
A total of 125 extracted maxillary first molars were used to study the configuration of the floor of the pulp chamber. The specimens were ground and the pulp chamber was examined with a magnifying glass and explored with sharp explorer. The study showed the shape of the pulp chamber, number of root canals, and type of canal orifice. The results were as follows; 1. In so far as observing the shape of the pulp chamber of the teeth, 50.4% of the teeth were trapezoid, 20.8% were inverted trapezoid, 18.4% were rectangle and 10.4% were triangle shape. 2. 71.2% of the specimens have 3 root canal orifices, and 28.8% have 4 root canal orifices. 3. 71.2% of the specimens have 1 mesiobuccal canal orifice, 23.2% have 2 mesio-buccal canal orifices joined by a groove, and 5.6% have 2 mesio-buccal canal orifices seperated each other.
A CLINICAL STUDY OF DENTAL AMALGAM RESTORATION -Reasons for replacement and duration of primary restoration-
Lee, Chung-Suck ; Kim, Kwang-Ju ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 109~114
Ease of manipulation, adequate mechanical properties, long years of experience and economical cost are the factors which have established amalgam as the most widely used material for dental restorations. But amalgam restoration may require replacement because of secondary caries, fracture, "fall-out", dimensional change, tarnish or corrosion etc.. These failures of amalgam restorations seem to arise from failures during operations rather than from the inherent shortcomings of the material itself or of the patient's mismanagement. It is anticipated that notonly number of analgam restoration, but failures will be increase after more extensive utilization of the medical insurance which began in 1977. Then authors think that it would be helpful for the development of better treatment in daily dental practice, to know the duration of amalgam restorations and the reasons for their replacement. The data for this survey was compiled from 2, 856 out-patients of the Department of Dentistry, Ewha Woman's University Hospital from January 1975 to December 1977. 260 cases among 1,718 fillings were studied, of which 205 cases both had a single reason for replacement and recognized the date of the previous filling. The results obtained were as follows; 1. Amalgam fillings were 58. 5 percent of all dental restorative materials. Of these, 15. 13 percent of the amalgam restorations had to be replaced. 2. The first reason for replacement of amalgam restorations was secondary caries (56.10%), the second was fracture (23.80%) and the third was "fall-out" (8.78%). 3. Among those amalgms requiring replacement, 52.2 percent had been in place less than 3 years, 70.7 percent within 5 years and 89.8 percent had been in place less than 10 years. Only 10.2 percent had been in place more than 10 years.
AN ELECTROCHEMICAL STUDY ON THE CORROSION OF DENTAL AMALGAM
Chang, Gye-Bong ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 115~122
The corrosion of silver amalgam is regarded as one of major causes in the failures of dental amalgam restorations. To evaluate the corrosion resistance of dental amalgam alloys, electrochemical tests such as potential and polarization measurement were used widely. But these commonly used methods have not provided the sufficient informations on relative resistance of amalgam to corrosion. In this experiment, the corrosion currents were measured using electronic potentiostat to compare some commercial dental amalgam alloys. All alloys were triturated in a amalgamator and condensed into a mold described in A.D.A. Specification No. 1 to produce cylinder form specimens of 4mm diameter by 5mm long. After specimen kept for 1 week at
, each specimen was embedded in epoxy resin. The surfaces of specimens were then polished with a emery paper, diamond dust, and
. These specimens were immersed in artifical saliva kept at
, and currents of each specimen were measured for 24 hours at 0.0volt (SCE). The author obtained conclusions as follows: 1. High copper amalgam showed superior resistance against corrosion to conventional amalgam, but a pellet form of high copper amalgam seemed to be susceptible to corrosion. 2. In lathe-cut alloys, fine-cut had superior resistance against corrosion to regular-cut. 3. Non-zinc conventional amalgam alloys were more resistant to corrosion than that of zinc containing conventional amalgam alloys. 4. In both of high copper and conventional amalgams, predispensed forms tended to have better resisitance to corrosion than that of pellet forms.
A STUDY ON THE DENTAL HEALTH STATUS OF A COLLEGE GIRL STUDENTS
Kim, Jung-Sik ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 123~132
The author conducted a dental survey of a college girl students and compared with that of E college students 10 years ago which based on the same criteria. The items of this survey included the prevalence of dental caries, DMFT and the kinds of restored material. All college students 1,414 were examined in May 1978, with the recommended criteria and method of W.H.O.. Among them, the data of 1,393 were analyzed for this study. The following results were obtained: 1. The average number of present teeth were 28.97
1.64. 2. The prevalence of dental caries was 84.92% and D.M.F. index was 15.51. Average D.M.F. teeth were 4.49
3.69. 3. The average number of decayed (D) teeth were 2.09
2.16. 4.30% of the present decayed teeth was secondary decay, and 2.44% of the decayed teeth was indicated for extraction. 4. The average number of missing(M) teeth were 0.32
0.79. It included 8.56% of root fragements. 5. Average number of filled(F) teeth were 2.09
3.17. F-ratio of this group was 46.45%. The analysis revealed 50.88% of amalgam alloy, 31.41% of gold inlays, and 1.20%, the least among the filling materials, silicate cement or composite resin. 6. While the prosthodontic treatment, such as crown and bridge has reduced than that of 10 years ago, the fillings and inlays as the conservative means has increased.
OBSERVATION WITH SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPE ON THE EFFECT OF THREE DENTAL ETCHANTS IN THE ENAMEL SURFACE OF ALBINO RATS
Kwon, Taik-Kyun ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 133~139
In this experiment, etching was performed on the incisor enamel surfaces of 13 Albino rats, weighted about 130gm, with both 30% and 50% concentrations of the phosphoric, citric acids, and EDTA solution for 60 seconds. Immediately after extraction of the animal teeth, laboratory procedures for scanning electron microscopic observations were made and the author derived the following conclusions: 1. On the enamel surface treated with 30% and 50% phosphoric acids, all of the periphery, center of the enamel rods, and the enamel matrices were severely etched. 2. In the etched with 30% citric acid group, only the small part of the enamel rods were etched out. In case of 50% citric acid the periphery, center of enamel rods were partially or entirely etched, and the intermatrix spaces were widened. 3. In the 30% and 50% of the EDTA etched groups, the periphery of the enamel rods explicitely were etched, and the spaces between matrices were widened.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE SEALING EFFECT OF A FEW CAVITY LINERS UPON THE DENTINAL TUBULE
Son, Ho-Hyun ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 141~147
The sealing effect of a few cavity liners upon the dentinal tubule were studied in vitro. The materials employed in this study were Silcot (SP
S SEPTODONT, M.-T. GENDRAULT, Pharmacien), Hypo-Cal(Ellman Dental Mfg.Co.Inc.), Cavity Lining(De Trey), and Copaute(Harry J. Bosworth Co.). Freshly extracted human teeth were devided into 5 groups by age-under twenty, twenties, thirties, forties, and over fifty. Class V cavities were prepared routinely. The cavity walls of eight teeth of each group were lined by Silcot, Copalite, Cavity Lining, and Hypo-Cal. Remaining eight were not lined as a control. These specimens were immersed in dye solution (2 gm eosin Y to 800 cc distilled water) for 48 hours to allow maximum dye penetration into dentinal tubules. Each specimen was sectioned longitudinally including Class V cavity floor under water spray. Dye penetration into dentinal tubules were examined and following results were obtained. 1. Liners used on this study showed more or less dye penetration into dentinal tubules. But compared with the teeth without lining, the dye penetration of lined specimens were decreased. 2. Of these liners tested, Silcot was the most effective sealer upon the dentinal tubules. Copalite was the moderate sealer and Cavity Lining showed a tendency similar to Copalite. Hypo-Cal revealed the greatest dye penetration. 3. As the age was increased, the more the dye penetration into the dentinal tubules was decreased.
CASE REPORT ON THE DENTIGEROUS CYST OCCURED TO THE PERIPHERY OF THE IMPACTED SUPERNUMERARY TOOTH
Yoo, K.W. ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 6, issue 1, 1980, Pages 149~152
In this article, we found the dentigerous cyst due to the impacted supernumerary tooth. Involved teeth were treated with immediat canal filling and root resection technique. The cystic walls and its contents were marsupialized and perfectly enucleated with surgical techniques. After the operations, no clinical signs and symptoms were found, Radiographic findings after I months of the operations reveal the decrease of the radiolucency on the surgical field. The author thinks that it indicate the formation of the osteoid tissue.