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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Dec 1983
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AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF TRICALICUM PHOSPHATE AND DURAPATITE UPON THE PULP IN DOGS' TEETH
Yang, Moon-Kyu ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 7~14
The purpose of this study was to investigate pulpal responses to tricalcium phosphate and durapatite which recently introduced as a bone substitute. Tricalcium phosphate and durapatite were placed on the amputated pulp tissue in the dog's teeth. Animals were sacrificed after 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks and specimens were decalcified, embedding, sectioned and stained routinly. Microscopic examination reveals as follows; 1. Tricalcium phosphate: Severe inflammatory change was seen in the all cases and calcified masses were seen at 2 weeks. Calcified masses were enlarged according to the time elapsed. 2. Durapatite: Severe inflammatory change and pus cavities were found at 1 week. There was no evidence of healthy cell component in the remaining pulp tissue and degenerative change was obvious at 2, 3 and 4 weeks. 3. Dentin bridge was not formed in the both cases. In the case of tricalcium phosphate osteoblasts were observed unevenly around the calcified masses which were composed of hematophilic substance in central portion and eosinophilic substance in peripheral region of the masses.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF DOG'S PULPAL HEALING AFTER COBALT-60 IRRADIATION
Park, Dong-Soo ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 15~24
Irradiation is frequently employed as the sole therapy for oral cancer. These irradiated patients presents peculiar and progressive dental problems. But there is only scanty informations concerning specific approaches to endodontic treatment for head and neck cancer patients who have been subjected to tumorcidal doses of radiation therapy. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of cobalt-60 radiation on the pulpal healing of dogs after the direct pulp capping. As the experimental animals, 10 dogs (above 7-8 months after birth) were divided into 3 groups (Control, Group I, Group II). The cobalt-60 was irradiated to the Group I and Group II each 1,009 and 1,562.5 rads as single dose. As the capping material Dycal
(L.D. Caulk company) was selected. After the direct pulp capping the dogs were sacrified 1, 2, 3, 4, week interval and made the original slides cut with a thickness of 8 microns and stained with hematoxylin and eosin. After examination and comparision of all specimen, the results of this study were drawn as follows; 1. The formation of reparative dentin was observed from the 1st week in the Control group, the 2nd week in the Group I & II. The few and irregular tuble structure was appeared in the 4th week in the Control group only, but failed in the Group I & II. 2. The continuity of dentin bridge was appeared in the 3rd week in all group and the degeneration of odontoblast in the 1st week of the Group II. 3. The congestion and hemorrhage in the pulp tissue were observed in all groups until 3rd week. The inflammation was appeared within the 2nd week in the Group I and especially marked in the Group II, but absent in the Control group. 4. In cases Dycal into the pulp tissue deeply, the local necrosis of pulp and decrease of dentin formation was observed.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE EFFECTS ON THE BONE TISSUE BY IMPLANT OF ROOT CANAL FILLING MATERIALS
Chung, Jae-Kyoo ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Chi, Ho-Young ; Park, Sang-Jin ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 25~35
The purpose of this study was the observe the toxic effects of root canal sealers in 108 white rats. Experimental animals were divided into control and experimental groups. Theree representative types of materials, such as AH26, Z.O.E. and F.R. were used in this study. Cavities were prepared on the left mandibular area of 108 white rats. Three different sealers were placed in as experiment and bone cavities were left without filling as control. The experimental animals were sacrificed by cervical dislocation at the intervals of 1, 3, 7, 14, 28 and 49 days after filling. Each specimen was fixed with 10% neutral formalin solution, decalcified with 5% nitric acid, embedded in paraffin and sectioned 5-7
. in thickness. The paraffin sections stained with Hematoxylin - Eosin were observed through the ordinary light microscope. The results were as follows; 1. Slight toxic effect to surrounding tissue were found in every experimental specimen. 2. AH26 showed the highest inflammatory response, and F.R. showed the lowest inflammatory response which subsided and replaced by fibrosis at 4 weeks after filling. 3. The cavity filled materials, such as implanted root canal sealers, blood clots and necrotic tissue, showed a tendency to be absorbed gradually proportioned to the experimental periods. A small amount of cavity filled materials were observed in the bone cavities after 4 weeks. 4. Fibroblastic proliferation began to produce fibrous capsule around the bone cavity in 2 weeks after filling. Fibrosis was prominent at 4 weeks after filling. 5. Osteoblastic activity of surrounding bone was observed at first in 2 weeks after filling and prominent in 4 weeks after filling. Osteoblastic activity showed an increasing effect as the time prolonged. 6. Surrounding tissue of the bone cavities showed the features of tissue destruction and had very severe inflammatory response at an initial stage. Above-mentioned appeared to be recovered gradually proportioned to the experimental periods.
A STUDY OF SALIVARY IMMUNOGLOBULIN AND DENTAL CARIES
Kim, Jung-Sik ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 37~49
This study was undertaken to observe the relationship between salivary IgA, IgG, agglutinin titer & dental caries. The subjects divided into two groups, an active caries group (AC group) and caries-free and treated caries group (CFTC group). The AC group consisted of 36 subjects who had one or more carious lesions and the CFTC group of 12 subjects who had no evidence of caries or had filled teeth without present carious teeth for the last six months. The IgA, IgG and IgM levels in their saliva were measured by single radial immunodiffusion method using a disposable low-level immunodiffusion plate. The salivary agglutinin titers to Streptococcus mutans were measured by microtitration system. The results were as follow; 1. The mean value of IgA concentration in saliva of AC group was slightly higher than that of CFTC group, but its difference was slight. 2. The mean value of IgG concentration in saliva of AC group was slightly lower than that of CFTC group. The IgM concentration in saliva of both groups was neither below 1.1 mg/dl nor detected on LC partigen immunodiffusion plate. 3. There was no difference in the agglutinin titer to S. mutans antigen by serotypes, but low level agglutinin to type d was measured in both groups. 4. AC group showed low correlation between IgA, IgG & DMFT, but CFTC group revealed negative correlation. 5. The relationship between salivary IgA & agglutinin titers to S. mutans was low correlation in AC group, but CFTC group showed significant positive correlation. (P<0.05) 6. There were no specific correlations among the concentrations of salivary immunoglobulins, agglutinin titers to S. mutans, and the DMF teeth. They had no close concern to induce the dental caries.
EVALUATION OF THE APICAL SEAL PRODUCED BY THE SINGLE CONE FILLING AND BY THE LATERAL CONDENSATION
Park, Joon-II ; Kwon, Hyuk-Choon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 51~57
64 multi-rooted teeth (198 canals) were tested in vitro to evaluate the apical seal produced by the single cone filling and lateral condensation with sealer and without sealer. The obturated teeth were immersed in India ink, decalcified, and cleared. The degree of ink penetrated into the canal provided a measure of the apical seal. The results were as follows: 1. The lateral condensation with sealer provided statically less apical leakage than the other obturating techniques used in this study. 2. The single cone filling provided good apical sealing. 3. The lateral condensation without sealer provided most apical leakage than any other techniques used in this study. 4. The degree of apical leakage was not related to the visual appearence of the adaptation of the gutta percha filling in cleared teeth.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF THE CANAL INRRIGANTS AND THE METHOD OF CANAL FILLING ON THE QUALITY OF CANAL OBTURATION
Oh, Boeng-Won ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Choi, Ho-Young ; Park, Sang-Jin ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 59~68
The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of canal irrigants and the method of canal filling on the quality of canal obturation. Sixty extracted human teeth with single root were selected and divided into three different groups; In group I (control); 5 cc normal saline irrigated after each instrumentation In group II; 2.5 cc-3% NaOCl in combination with 2.5 cc-3%
In group III; RC-Prep in combination with 5 cc-3% NaOCl All specimens were cleaned, shaped(#50 file size), irrigated and obturated by lateral condensation and automated thermatic condensation filling method of gutta-percha and AH-26. After all the specimens were immersed in 2% methylene blue dye solution in
for 7 days and the degree of dye penetration into the canals observed by magnifying glass(
20) and reflected light microscope The results were as follows: 1. All the the teeth showed some degree of the dye penetration. 2. There were no significant difference among three groups in the degree of the dye penetration in each canal filling method. 3. There were no significant difference of the dye penetration between each canal filling method in group I. 4. There were no statistically significant difference of the dye penetration between each canal filling method in group II and group III, but lateral condensation group was showed slightly more than automated thermatic condensation group.
A STUDY OF CAVITY VARNISH APPLICATION ON THE MARGINAL LEAKAGE OF THE VARIOUS DENTAL RESTORATIONS
Lee, Chung-Suck ; Kim, Hee-Joong ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 69~79
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of varnish application and thermocycling on the marginal leakage. 240 cavities of Class V were prepared on the 120 extracted premolars, and the cavities were filled with amalgam, Heliosit
, and Hipol
after application of Copalite
. All specimens were immersed in methylene blue solution for 24 hours after thermocycling at
, embedded in acrylic resin, and sectioned with low speed saw into two parts. The sectioned specimens observed with the metallurgical microscope. The following results were obtained: 1. The marginal seal was more effective in the amalgam-filled cavities after application of Copalite
threetimes or an application of Duraphat
varnish than in those without varnish applications. 2. Of the composite resin-filled cavities, the leakage of the varnish applied cases showed much more than without application. 3. There was no significant difference in the effect of marginal sealing between Copalite
applications. 4. There was a significant difference in the degree of the marginal leakage of amalgam-filled cavities between the groups of thermocycling times, but no significant difference in the resin-filled cavities. 5. There was no significant difference in the degree of the marginal leakage between the Heliosit
and the Hipol
A STUDY ON THE MICROSTRUCTURE TRANSFORMATION IN SPHERICAL-DISPERSED TYPE AMALGAM
Chang, Sang-Kohn ; Min, Byeong-Sun ; Park, Sang-Jin ; Choi, Ho-Young ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 81~87
The purpose of this study was to observe and identify the phases of amalgam and to know the transformation of microstructure in the set amalgam by lapse of time. In this study, shofu spherical-D alloy was used. After trituration of amalgam alloy and mercury (Wig-L-Bug), it was filled in the stone dies. This specimens being polished and etched by usual method was observed under optical microscope using metallurgical microscope. And then X-ray diffractometer was used to analyze the phases contents and transformation of microstructure at
hours, 15 hours, 28 hours and 2 years after being amalgamated. The following results were obtained: 1. Shofu spherical-D alloy powder was composed of
phase and Ag-Cu eutectic phases. 2.
phases were appeared at
) in the amalgam which was analyzed at
hours and 15 hours after trituration with mercury. 3. In the amalgam at 28 hours,
phase was found at
) at 35 hour,
phase was appeared at
. 4. No
phases were observed in the 2 years old amalgam. But
) phases were found at
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY TEST AGAINST MICROORGANISMS ISOLATED FROM INFECTED ROOT CANALS
Chung, Young-Pyo ; Min, Byung-Soon ; Choi, Ho-Young ; Park, Sang-Jin ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 89~99
The rational approach to antimicrobial therapy of infected root canals is based on accurate identification of the infecting organism and on the organism's susceptibility to antimicrobial agents as measured by standardized techniques. In establishing criteria for the selection of antibiotics, a susceptibility test should be performed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the susceptibility of 224 aerobic and anaerobic microbial strains isolated from infected root canals to various antibiotics. This was performed by using 7 antibiotic sensi-disc: Penicillin (10 units), Ampicillin (10 mcg), Tetracycline (30 mcg), Streptomycin (10 mcg), Kanamycin (30 mcg), Lincomycin (2 mcg), and Clindamycin (2 mcg). The results were as follows; 1. Strains isolated from infected root canals was shown to be most susceptible to Clindamycin, while Streptomycin exhibited least antibacterial properties. 2. Anaerobes were found to be susceptible to Penicillin, Ampicillin, and Clindamycin. 3. Streptomycin and Kanamycin were shown to be effective against Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermis, however, unidentified G(+) cocci organisms were found to be resistant to these agents. 4. Bifidobacterium sp. was susceptible to Lincomycin while G(+) rods were resistant to it. 5. Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcus sp., and anaerobes were highly susceptible to Clindamycin. 6. All of the antibiotics tested were shown to be very effective against Eubacterium sp.
A STUDY ON THE FRACTURE OF DENTAL AMALGAM
Huh, Hyeon-Do ; Um, Chung-Moon ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 101~106
It was the purpose of this study to investigate the fracture mode of dental amalgam by observing the crack propagation, and to relate this to the microstructure of the amalgam. Caulk 20th Century Regular, Caulk Spherical, Dispersalloy, and Tytin amalgam alloys were used for this study. After each amalgam alloy and Hg measured exactly by the balance was triturated by the mechanical amalgamator (Capmaster, S.S. White), the triturated mass was inserted into the cylindrical metal mold which was 4 mm in diameter and 12 mm in height and was pressed by the Instron Universal Testing Machine at the speed of 1mm/min with 120Kg. The specimen removed from the mold was stored in the room temperature for a week. This specimen was polished with the emery papers from #100 to #200 and finally on the polishing cloth with 0.06
powder suspended in water. The specimen was placed on the Instron testing machine in the method similar to the diametral tensile test and loaded at the crosshead speed of 0.05mm/min. The load was stopped short of fracture. The cracks on the polished surface of specimen was examined with scanning electron microscope (JSM-35) and analyzed by EPMA (Electron probe microanalyzer). The following results were obtained. 1. In low copper lathe-cut amalgam, the crack went through the voids and
phase, through the
phase around the
particles. 2. In low copper spherical amalgam, it was observed that the crack passed through the
phase, and through the boundary between the
phase. 3. In high copper dispersant (Dispersalloy) amalgam, the crack was found to propagate at the interface between the
matrix and reaction ring around the dispersant (Ag-Cu) particles, and to pass through the Ag-Sn particles. 4. In high copper single composition (Tytin) amalgam, the crack went through the
crystals, and through the unreacted alloy particle (core).
A SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF EDTA AS A CANAL IRRIGANT
Lee, Myung-Jong ; Kim, Yung-Hai ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 107~114
The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of cleansing action of irrigation solutions which was 3%
and 5% NaOCl, and 15% EDTA solution on the root canal wall. After treatment with the irrigant, each sample was dehydrated, and coated with 200~250
A of gold, and observations were made with the use of scanning electron microscope. The results were as follows: 1. In the root canal walls irrigated with 3%
and 5% NaOCl solution without instrumentation after extirpation through barbed broach, the predentin of root canal wall was found scarely affected, and the wall was shown retaining network structure and fibrous organic matters. 2. When 15% EDTA was applied as irrigants for 60, 90 and 120 seconds after instrumentation, there was no signigicant difference of the cleansing effect of the elapsed times which were 90 and 120 seconds on the root canal wall, but in the applied time which was 120 seconds, the canal wall was the cleanest. Therefore it was thought that the most suitable application time of 15% EDTA as the irigants was 120 seconds.
A STUDY ON ELECTRON-MICROSCOPIC FINDINGS AFTER ACID ETCHING ON ENAMEL AND DENTIN
Kim, Yung-Hai ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 115~119
The purpose of this study was to compare the solubility of enamel and dentin to an etchant after fluoride application. Specimens were collected from extracted anterior and bicuspid and each tooth was cut into several pieces. These specimen were allocated in 7 group; 1%, 2%, 3% NaF, 1%, 8%, 20%
, and control group. Five specimens in each group was exposed to pre-determined fluoride solution for 3 minutes, and washed with running water. These specimens were etched by Hipol (commercial label) etchant for 30 seconds. Following are the findings obtained through S.E.M. 1. All specimens with acid etching revealed preferential removal of prism periphery leaving prism core. 2. Specimens treated with 1%, 2% NaF solution showed that the shape of prism tip was thin and sharp like a needle. The case of 3% NaF showed rather round shape at prism end. 3.1% of
case showed similar findings with the control group but 8% and 20%
case revealed needle shape at the prism and was less clear than NaF case. Preferential removal of prism periphery was partialy observed and un decalcified area is fused to prism forming reidge. 4. Dentine treated by fluoride compound in low concentration showed the orifice of dentinal tubule was clearly enlarged whereas in high concentration the orifice was not widened.
A STUDY ON THE ROOT CANAL MORPHOLOGY OF HUMAN MANDIBULAR SECOND PREMOLAR WITH TRANSPARENT SPECIMENS
Lee, Chung-Sik ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 121~125
Thirty eight mandibular second premolars were injected with china ink, decalcified, cleared and used in an in vitro study to determine the number of root canals, the frequency and location of lateral canals, the location of apical foramens, the frequency of apical deltas, and the curvature of root canals. The results were as follows: 1. Most of the teeth demonstrated single canal, but 5.3% of the teeth were found to have bifurcated or trifurcated canals. 2. Of the 40 canals studied, 52.5% of the canals were found to have lateral canals and these ramifications were usually located in the apical third of the root. 3. 7 apical foramens were located directly on the root apex and 31 foramens laterally. 4. 4 canals showed mesial curvature, 20 canals distal curvature, 11 canals buccal curvature, and 8 canals lingual curvature.
A STUDY ON THE USE OF VITAPEX WITH GUTTA-PERCHA CONES AS A ROOT CANAL FILLER
Lim, Sung-Sam ;
Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics, volume 9, issue 1, 1983, Pages 127~132
The purpose of this study was to examine the sealing ability of the vitapex, when used with gutta-percha cone, as a root canal filling material. Fourty five canals from extracted human maxillary and mandibular teeth were randomly selected and instrumented in a conventional method with k-file. After instrumentation and dry the canal with paper points, the canals were divided into three groups and fifteen canals in each group were filled with the following materials; Vitapex, Vitapex in combination with gutta-percha cone, and Gutta-percha cone and Zinc-oxide Eugenol Cement. All the specimens were immersed in 2% methylenblue dye solution and the depth of dye penetration into the canals were evaluated by macroscope at the intervals of 1 day, 2days and 7days. The following results were obtained; 1. All the materials experimented showed varying degrees of dye penetration. 2. The canals filled with Vitapex and Vitapex in combination with gutta perch a cone revealed sudden increase of dye penetration with time passage compared to the canals obturated with Gutta-percha cone and Zinc-oxide eugenol cement. 3. In the canals filled with Vitapex, the mean dye penetration was 1.6mm at 1day, but the specimen exposed to the dye for 7days showed mean dye penetration of 9.2mm. 4. In the canals obturated with Vitapex and gutta-percha cone, the mean dye penetration was 2mm at 1day, 2.2mm at 2days, and 8mm at 7days.