Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Dental Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jul 2002
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jan 2002
Selecting the target year
A Study on improvements in manufatured technique of all Ceramic Crown
Shin, Moo-Hak ; Kim, Yeon-Soo ; Choi, Un-Jea ; Chung, Hee-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 9~15
A new kind of 'All Ceramic Crown' could be manufactured by making improvements in the manufacturing technique for the current 'All Ceramic Crown' which does not use a special ceramic but rather a general one as a substitute. If we use the manufacturing technique for the 'All Ceramic Crown', metal coping and core are not produced. The effects of the new manufacturing technique for the 'All Ceramic Crown' are as follows: First. We do not need to use new material or special machinery or tools. Second. We can use general machinery and tools. Third. Using the basic 'All Ceramic Technique', we anticipate improvement in learning in our students. Forth. We can save effort, materials and time. Fifth. The technique also has advantages for esthetic 'temporary crown'.
A Study on The Dept. of Dental Laboratory Technology Curricula by Term in the Nation
Kwon, Soon-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 17~47
The purpose of this study was to examine the 2001 curricula in 17 departments of dental technology across the nation in an attempt to find out the educational realities of the departments by term and school year and serve as a basis for the development of more advanced, efficient dental technology curriculum and common educational objectives. For that purpose, the 2001 curricula of the three-year dental laboratory technology departments were analyzed by school year and term to calculate the amount of required credit, the number of subjects, and the weekly classes for electives and major. The findings of this study could be listed as below: 1. The departments of dental laboratory technology nationwide investigated require students to get 120 to 135 credits in total. Out of the credits, 10 to 25 credits are assigned to the electives, and 106 to 11 8 credits are given to the major. 2. There are 50 to 68 subjects in the departments of dental technology. 5 to 16 subjects are the electives, and 41 to 59 are the major. 3. There are 150 to 196 classes per week, which consist of 10 to 30 ones for the electives and 137 to In for the major. 4. The curricula for the first semester of the first year are as follows: 1) 20 to 24 credits are required. 4 to 11 credits are alloted to the electives, and 9 to 19 credits are assigned to the major. 2) The number of subject is 9 to 13, which are composed of 2 to 7 for the electives and 4 to 9 for the major. 3) The weekly classes are 22 to 29. The classes for the electives range from 4 to 14 per week, and 10 to 20 classes a week are for the major. 5. The curricula for the second semester of the first year are as below: 1) There are 20 to 25 credits. 3 to 12 credits are assigned to the electives, and 12 to 19 credits are for the major. 2) The number of subject is 10 to 14, which consist of 2 to 6 for the electives and 6 to 10 for the major. 3) The weekly classes are 22 to 29. and 3 to 12 classes a week are for the electives, and 15 to 24 classes are for the major. 6. The curricula for the first semester of the second year are as below: 1) The number of credits ranges from 20 to 24. Only six colleges offer 2 credits for the electives and the major account for 18 to 24 ones. 2) There are 8 to 12 subjects. Only six colleges offer one or two electives, and 8 to 12 are the major. 3) The weekly classes are 23 to 33. Only six colleges offer 2 or 3 classes a week for the electives, and 21 to 33 classes are for the major. 7. The curricula for the second semester of the second year are as below: 1) The number of credits ranges from 19 to 24. Only two colleges offer 2 credits for the electives and the major account for 18 to 24 ones. 2) There are 7 to 12 subjects. Only two colleges offer one or two electives, and 8 to 12 are the major. 3) The weekly classes are 24 to 36. Only two colleges offer 2 classes a week for the electives, and 24 to 36 classes are for the major. 8. The curricula for the first semester Of the third year are as below: 1) There are 16 to 24 credits. Just a college assigns 2 credits to the electives, and 16 to 24 credits are given to the major. 2) The number of subject is 5 to 12. Only a college offers one elective for optional course, and 5 to 12 are the major. 3) The weekly classes range from 18 to 39. Just a college offer 2 classes a week for the electives, and 18 to 39 classes are for the major. 9. The curricula for the second semester of the third year are as below: 1) There are 16 to 23 credits. Just a college assigns 2 credits to the electives, and 16 to 23 credits are given to the major. 2) The number of subject is 5 to 12. Only a college offers one elective for optional course, and 5 to 12 are the major. 3) The weekly classes range from 18 to 39. Just a college offer 2 classes a week for the electives, and 18 to 39 classes are for the major.
A Study on new Photoinitiator of Visible Light Dental Composite Resin
Choi, Yong-Seok ; Sun, Gum-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 49~59
The photopolymerization efficiency and surface hardness of composite resin containing 1,2-phenylpropanedione (PD) and diacetyl (DA) as photoinitiators were studied by IR and Vickers hardness and the results were compared with that of camphorquinone (CQ). Relative photopolymerization efficiency of the photoinitiators increased in the order of DA < CQ < PD. Vickers hardness of composite resin containing the photoinitiators increased in the order of CQ < PD < DA. Thus, PD is a new visible light photoinitiator for dental composite resin with higher photopolymerization efficiency and surface hardness than that of CQ. Mechanical properties such as Vickers hardness, diametral tensile strength, and flexural strength of the experimental resin composite prepared by addition of the photosensitizer into a resin of bis-GMA improved with increasing the photosensitizer content and irradiation time. The resin composite of bis-GMA containing DA or PD shows better mechanical properties than that of CQ.
A Patient's Satisfaction with Denture in the Old People
Lee, In-Kyu ; Song, Yun-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 61~74
This experiment was to find out the complacency of wearing dentures and the linkage to the quality of life style of oldsters 60 years old and over. 122 numbers of oldsters who came to aid to the health center were put to survey. This was taken place within the areas of Deajun, Koonsan, Mooju and Jinahn, thus procured the following result. 1. The length of edentulous period of 1-6years of oldsters aged around 60s showed 26.0%. The oldsters with edentulous period of over 7years aged in the 70s showed 26.1 % and 56.0% on oldsters aged in the 80s. This shows that as the age increases the edentulous period lengthens. (P<0.05) The length of time of using the denture shows. llyears or over on women 41.9%, less than 6years on men 71.4% as the highest rate. 11 years or over on towns/subcounty show 57.5%, small and medium cities more than 1 year 63.6%, less than six years also 63.6% and Kwangyuk city 47.6%. 2. The complacency on medical treatment of dentures was highest in Kwangyuk city of 61.3%, compared to towns/subcounty of 50.8% and small and medium cities of 33.3%. (P<0.05) 3. The complacency on mastication and pronunciation appears, 2.74% in Kwangyuk city, 3.10% in towns/ subcounty which is higher than the small and medium cities showing 1.09% on average. Satisfaction rate tends to be higher as the length of time of using the denture is longer. 4. Inconvenience on eating habits caused by dentures were felt by women. Wanting to get a new denture was 25.6% by women showing much higher rate than that of men which is 2.8% by men. (P<0.05) 5. The complacency of change in their life style after wearing the dentures were higher in Kwangyuk city of 64.5% whereas it showed 27.0% in towns! subcounty and 16.7%in small and medium cities. (P<0.05)
Research for the Standard Model of the Items of the National Qualification Examination for the Dental Technician
Lee, Duck-Hye ; Chung, In-Sung ; Han, Chang-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 75~93
This research was preformed for the purpose of preparing the items of standard model of the national dental technician test base on the duty analysis of the dental technician. The results of the duty analysis for the dental technician follows. 1. The dental technician is a profession to make the oral function smooth through the dental supplement and equipment in a scientific method and the skilled technique. 2. The duty of the dental technician are determined as A. preparation for manufacture B. manufacture C. management of the place of the dental technology D. self-development. A. The field of "the preparation for manufacture" are determined as 1. to confirm work authorization 2. To confirm the working model, B. The field of "In manufacture" are determined as 1. to manufacture the temporary crown 2. to manufacture the inlay and crown & bridge prosthesis 3. to manufacture the porcelain fused metal crown prosthesis 4. to manufacture the all ceramic crown prosthesis 5. to manufacture the temporary denture prosthesis 6. to manufacture the partial denture prosthesis 7. to manufacture the complete denture prosthesis 8. to manufacture the attachment prosthesis 9. to manufacture implant prosthesis 10. to manufacture the removable orthodontic device, 11. to manufacture the fixed orthodontic device, 12. to manufacture the orthodontic study cast C. The field of "in management of the dental lab." are determined as 1. management 2. to control the dental lab. D. The field of "In the self-development" are determined as 1. to improve the professionalism 2. self-control. 3. The developing items selected under the duty evaluation of the dental technician are l7s in the manufacture preparation, 1,011s in the manufacture, 7s in the management for the dental technology, 5s in self-development, and in all together 1,040s
Research for The Comparing Test of the Fracture Strength According to the Heat Curing Method in the Denture Base Resin
Han, Min-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 95~103
For this study, self curing resin and heat curing resin used for existing usual resin denture base in the denture industry were chosen by manufacturer. Curing tests for 30-minute, I-hour, 2-hour and 3-hour were conducted to know the strength of the resins and conduct analysis to get other necessary information. The results obtained are as follows: 1. Heat curing resins show a little differences among the manufacturers. However 30-minute curing resin shows great difference as shown in the fracture strength test. 2. The effect from the granularity of the resins on the fracture strength was found insignificant which means there is no difference between coherence and strength. 3. To summarize the results from each time level, the longer the time is, the more the minute cracks on the surface, which is the cause of reduced strength. From this test, it was identified that in making the denture base for patients in dental clinics, 30-minute curing is most efficient and effective in reducing discoloration and monomers, although long-time curing has been considered to be the principal.
A Study on the Work Stress of Dental Technicians
Kwon, Eun-Ja ; Kim, Ji-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 105~119
This study was designed to grasp the degree of job stress affecting dental technicians and the degree of the symptoms of their job stress. With this in mind, the researcher selected a total of 170 dental technicians living in Seoul and Incheon, conducting a research in a period ranging from August 1,2001, to August 20, 2001. The researcher made use of a structured questionnaire whose reliability and feasibility are proved. The questionnaire is composed of a total of 55 questions: thirteen questions related to the subjects' general characteristics; 28 questions connected to the measurement of job stress and fourteen questions linked with the measurement of job-stress symptoms. The researcher analyzed the findings with the aid of SPSS(Statistical Package for Social Sciences). The research came to draw the following conclusions on the basis of frequency, percentage, T-test, and F-test, multiple regression. I. The analysis into the job stress of the subjects indicates that there is a significant difference in difficult questions among their work places, working hours, academic background, job satisfaction and jobs(P<.05). The job stress stands at 3.48 on the average, and the area of conflict among too much work and job performance turns out to be highly perceived. 2. The analysis into the degree of the symptoms of the job stress of the subjects shows that there is a significant difference in work place, working hours, job satisfaction and the continual maintenance of job(P<.05). The symptoms of job stress accounts for 2.65 on the average. Physical symptoms turn out to be highly perceived; The response 'My arms and legs are killing me' proves to stand for 3.03. 3. The correlation between job stress and the symptoms of job stress turns out to be significant(r=0.519, P<0.001), and there is a significant correlation between the average points of each job-stress area and the average points of the symptoms of job stress. All in all, it is necessary that dental technicians themselves should make positive efforts to control and relieve stress and that more efficient programs should be implemented with a view to dealing with stress.
A Study on Problems and Solution Activities of College Students at the Departments of Dental Technology
Kim, Youn-Su ; Shin, Moo-Hak ; Song, Yun-Hee ; Chung, Hee-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 121~149
This Study aims at investigating the tendency of individual problems that the students at the departments of dental technology are faced with, their efforts and types of activities to solve the problems. Surveyed for this purpose were 700 freshmen to juniors enrolled in the departments of dental technology at the universities across the country and they were analyzed by area, grade and sex. 1. Tendency of Problems The areas of problems the students at the departments of dental technology considered as most serious were health, human relation, view of value and economy in sequence, while the areas they considered as least serious were future course and employment. In general, there were tendencies as follows: divided by grade, the higher the grades of the students are, the higher scores of problems they get(F=12.14, P=.000) : in the areas of health and human relation, as the grade gets higher, the scores of their problems also increase, accordingly(F= 17.58, P=.000)(F=8.39, P=.000) : in the areas of economy, parents and home, freshmen and juniors are found to have higher scores of problems compared to sophomores,:F=7.89, P=.000)(F=11.63, P=.000) : divided by sex, female students recorded higher scores of problems than their counterparts(F=31.85, P=.000) 2. Efforts for Problems View of value, human relation, parents and home appeared to be the areas for which the students made the highest rate of efforts in sequence while the areas for which they paid lowest grade of efforts were health and economy. In other words, the students gave higher scores for human relation and view of value in terms of tendency as well as efforts of problems, while they rated high for health and economy in the tendency but low in the efforts of problems. Divided by grade, freshmen and juniors appeared to score higher points than sophomores in their efforts to solve problems, even though juniors made relatively higher efforts than freshmen(F=6.53, P=.002). Divided by sex, female students scored higher points in their efforts than males(F=15.98, P=.000) 3. Difference of Efforts to Solve Problems. In the analysis into the scores of difference showing the disagreement between the tendency of problems and the efforts to solve problems, the area of health was rated as highest, followed by economy. There was little difference of scores between human relation and view of value, an indicator of agreement between the scores of problems and efforts. The difference of scores between future course and employment, between liberal arts and recreation, between characters/parents and home/school work turned out to be negative in the listed sequence, leading to a conclusion that the students enrolled in the departments of dental technology are making more efforts to solve problems than actually needed in most areas. By grade, there was a significant difference only in the area of health(F=3.00, P=.050). This difference itself was widening as the students come to higher grades. By sex, females showed bigger difference than males. 4. Types of Activities to Solve Problems. The analysis into types of activities to solve problems revealed that the surveyed students seemed to actively cope with the problems in all areas, relying at the same time on personal relationship. Especially in the areas of health, economy, parents, home, human relation, future course and employment, the students appeared to deal with the problems actively as well as emotionally.
Influences of Sprue joint Forms on Castability in dental Restorations
Choi, Un-Jea ; So, Jung-Mo ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 151~160
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of sprue joint form on castability in dental prosthetics. The researcher carried out experimental study according to the type was divided by sprue joint form. Therefore type A was made thicken than sprue diameter of type B and type C was made it conversely. The results were as follows: 1. In the order of castability, type C(87.8%) was first and then type A(87.0%) and type B(79.2%) was last. However there was no significant difference statistically. 2. If reservior was located at the correct position and in sufficient size, internal shrinkage porosity in the casting bodies were not generated in the type of all. 3. At the reservoir, internal shrinkage porosity was generated first in type A, followed by type Band type C in the order named. Although it gives no impact on casting body, porosity seems to appear the least when it's produced in the form of type C.
A Study on Improvement of Metal-Ceramic Bonding Strength by Addition of Aluminum to Casting Metal Alloy
Lee, Jae-Won ; Min, Byong-Kuk ; Han, Min-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 161~170
The Purpose of this study was to investigate the chemically improvement of metal-ceramics bond strength in the course of recasting Ni-Cr metal composite system with 10wt.%, 20wt.% and 30wt.% aluminum respectively. We have tested the bond strength, micro-structure, chemical composition of each metal composites and metal- ceramic bond interfaces by 3-point bending strength tester, SEM and EDS. We have made the conclusions through this study as follow: 1. The most suitable amount of aluminum to the Ni-Cr metal composite recasting is 20wt. % for improving metal-ceramics bond strength with debonding strength value of 49.54 kgf/mm2. 2. The aluminum must be changed to small spread alumina like phases and second aluminum-metal composites phases in the morphology of Ni-Cr metal composite system by adding during it's casting. These second phases have inclined functional oxide phases mixed with metal elements and they must take roll to improvement of metal-ceramics bond strength. 3. In the case of 30wt.% aluminum appended to Ni-Cr metal composite system, an excess of second inclined functional oxide phases produce cracks and spalling of them apart from it's base material. It must be a important factor of reduction of metal-ceramics bond strength.
Force per unit Displacement according to the Shape of a Clasp Arm and Flexibility of the Material
Lim, Dong-Chun ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 171~177
The purpose of this study is to evaluate force per unit displacements according to the shape of a clasp arm and flexibility of the material. Effect of four shape parameters of a clasp, base width and thickness and tip width and thickness, on tip displacement and force per unit displacement was investigated to get the fact that displacement and force per unit displacement at the tip increase as thickness and width of clasp arm increase just as expected. But force per unit displacement is much more affected by the change in thickness than by change in width. So it is effective to increase the thickness rather than width in order to increase the force at the tip using the same amount of the material.
An Experimental Study on Margin Consistency of Prosthesis According to the Continued Time of Casting-Ring in the course of the Casting of Dental Alloy
Hwang, Seong-Sig ; Lee, Sang-Hyeok ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 179~188
With regard to the manufacture of dental prosthesis, all the dental mechanism is of vital significance at the aspect of activating its function by fixing the prosthesis to Patient's oral cavity. However, if there we will take our immediate action without the discretion about its process none the less for the importance of dental mechanism, then we might have a serious problem. Accordingly, there need to pay attention to the dilatability makes up for the shrinkage state occurring by the feature of metal materials and manufacturing process which appeared in the process of dental mechanism, which eventually is expected to playa very important role in casting a dental prosthesis appropriate to one's oral tissue. This study was designed to take into account of the effects on margin consistency of prosthesis according to the continued time of casting-ring in the course of the casting of dental alloy. For this, the researcher made an experiment on the casting of dental alloy, its dilatability, and the change of phase. The results of this study were as follows: First, the researcher could see that the sample which was cast under the condition of
Minutes(the continued time) was far superior to others at the aspect of margin consistency. Second, according to the measurement of expansion coefficient by Dilatometer, the researcher perceived the fact that the expansion-coefficient showed a maximum of
considering the sample's length which was cast with ordinary temperature under the condition of
Minutes. Third, from the result of X-ray diffraction under the condition of
Minutes(the continued time), the researcher could find that there's no difference between the change of phase and its intensity. As mentioned above, the researcher could ascertain the fact that its contraction don't give rise to the change of phase.
A study on reflective spectrum between In-Ceram alumina core and IPS Empress 2 core
Park, Myung-Ja ; Kim, Joo-Won ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 189~202
A study on reflective spectrum between In-Ceram alumina plate(IAP) and IPS empress 2 plate were carried out in order to determine the difference of reflective spectrum rates between materials and between thicknesses of materials(0.8mm, 1.0mm, 1.2mm) by visible wave. The rates are measured by spectrophotometer(Top scan model TC-1800). And an analysis of ANOVA and paired sample t-test were carried out. The results are summarized as follows. 1. The reflective rates of IAP and IPS increased slowly as visible wave spectrum increased. 2. The difference of reflective rates of IAP between 0.8mm and 1.0mm is significant but a little(less than 1%). The differences of reflective rates of IAP between 0.8mm and l.2mm and between 1.0mm and l.2mm are significant(8%, 10% ). 3. The differences of reflective rates of IPS between 0.8mm and 1.0mm and between 0.8mm and 1.2mm and between 1.0mm and 1.2mm are significant(0.06 %, 0.01 %, 2 %). 4. The differences of reflective rates of 0.8mm, 1.0mm between IAP and IPS are significant but a little(less than 0.9%, 0.5%). The difference of reflective rates of l.2mm between IAP and IPS is significant and larger than the other thicknesses relatively(7 %).
The Effect of Cooling method on the Surface Reaction Zone of CP Titanium Casting Body
Moom, Soo ; Choi, Seog-Soon ; Moon, Il ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 203~210
This test is to conduct applied research the reaction area of the Ti-cast metal body which is made use of Dental Phosphate-silica alumina bonded investment material selling at a market, and the cooling method is how to effect on the acicular. The experimentation is as followings, 1. Experimental specimens After invest with Dental Phosphate-silica alumina bonded investment material, the
wax pattern was casted by Dental high vacuum argon centrifugal casting machine. 2. Test We can analyze SEM/EDS, XRD utilize the fractography(an optical microscope). 3. Conclusion The pure cast metal body constituted of reaction products layer, stability layer and contamination layer. This pure cast have no connection with the cooling condition. The pure Titanium shows difference in a component distribution according to the cooling condition. Through this experimentation we can establish that acicular in the pure Ti-cast metal is consist of Hexagonal structure a=2.9505
A Study on Opaque Porcelain for P.F.M Crown - Focused on Paste Opaque -
Kim, Sa-Hak ; Ko, Dae-Jin ; Lee, Yong-Keun ; Kim, Kwang-Mahn ; Kim, Kyoung-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 211~221
The purpose of this study was to analyze the commercial paste opaque products currently available in domestic of foreign as well as domestic, such as Duceram Plus(DU; Ducera Dental GmbH, Germany), VMK 95(VM; Vita Co., Germany), Noritake EX-3(EX; Noritake Co., Japan) and Ceramax(CE; Alphadent Co., Korea). They were characterized in thermal expansion coefficient, particle size distribution, viscosity and solvent using thermomechanical analyzer, particle size analyzer, rheometer and infrared spectrophotometer. Experimental results are as follows; Firstly, thermal expansion coefficients were determined
for EX, and
for CE. Secondly, percent of partice size below
were 12% for DU, VM and CE, and 13% for EX, percent between
were 42% for DU, 42% for VM, 38% for EX, and 61 % for CE, percent between
were 21 % for DU, 24% for VM, 20% for EX, and 18% for CE, and over
were 25% for DU, 22% for VM, 29% for EX, 9% for CE. Thirdly, the basic composition of the solvent in all of the commercial paste opaques were determined as ethylene glycol from FT-IR investigation. Lastly, measured viscosities were 1798 cp for DU, 536 cp for VM, 1110 cp for EX, and 721 cp for CE.
A study on microstruture and corrosion resistance of Ti-Nb alloys by hot rolling
Park, Hyo-Byung ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 23, issue 2, 2002, Pages 223~230
Pure titanium and Ti6Al4V alloy have been mainly used as implant materials but the cytotoxicity of V, neurotoxicity of Al resulting in Alzheimer disease had been reported. This paper was described the influence of composition of Ti-Nb alloys with 3 wt%Nb, 20 wt%Nb on the microstructure and corrosion resistance. Specimens of Ti alloys were melted in vacuum arc furnace and homogenized at
for 24hr. The alloys were rolled in
regions. The corrosion resistance of Ti alloys were evaluated by potentiodymic polarization test in 0.9% NaCl and 5% HCl solutions. The results can be summarized as follows: 1. The microstructure was transformed from
phase by adding Nb 2. The hardness of Ti-20Nb alloy was greater than Cp- Ti, Ti-3Nb alloy. 3. The corrosion resistance of Ti-20Nb alloy was better than that of Cp-Ti, Ti-3Nb alloy in 0.9%NaCl and 5%HCl solutions.