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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Dental Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Jul 2002
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jan 2002
Selecting the target year
A Study on demand and supply of dental laboratory technician in Gangwon Province.
Kwon, Soon-Seog ; Hwang, Seong-Sig ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2002, Pages 9~18
The aim of this study is to propose effective measures for shortage of manpower of dental technology laboratory in Gangwon province by means of examining not only the history of Gangwon association, present condition of transference of members of Gangwon association from 1990, of missing members and annual rate of participation in repair education with setting object of study into Gangwon association under the influence of the Korean Dental Technology Association but also the present condition of opening and closing laboratory, amount of business connection and condition of shortage of manpower and its field with setting object of study into 28 dental technology laboratories. Results from this study are like followings : First, Gagnwon association was established in 1984 as the eleventh in the line of the board, reorganization of board is conducted 8 times up to the eighth in the line of the board in 2001. board is composed of 16 persons including president and operated its term as 3 years. Second, a number of representative and ordinary member of Gangwon association has increased gradually from 1992 to 2001. in aspect of annual rate of participation in repair education, representative's is more higher than ordinary member's overall. the worst rate of whole members' is shown as 47.9% and the its best rate is shown as 92.0%. in addition, 70
80% rate of participation into repair education is shown most frequently as 8 times of whole 20 times from 1992 to 2001. Third, 29 authorized dental technology laboratories have registered in Gangwon association until march 2002 within 9 cities and counties. in consideration of establishment location. Gangneung city has most amount as 7 laboratories(24.1%), Wonju city has 5(17.2%), Samcheok city and Sokcho city, each has 4(13.8%), Chuncheon city has 3(10.3%), Donghae city and Taeback city, each has 2(6.9%) and Yangyang and Yongwol county, each has 1(3.4%). Fourth, amount of work personnel of laboratory in Gangwon province is 1
10 persons as the maximum value. 23 laboratories(82.1%) have their own work personnel as amount of 5 and below. in aspect of main business, most of laboratories focus on the Porcelain and Crown. and 16 laboratories(57.1%) have their own expensive equipments such as Milling. its also suggests that 16 laboratories(57.1%) suffer their shortage of working personnel. specifically, 6 laboratories(21.4%) suffer the highest shortage especially in Denture field, Fifth, whole number of Gangwon association is up to 101 members (28 representatives and 73 ordinary members) until December 31th 2001. amount of immune from repair education of Gangwon association until October 2001 is up to 10 persons, and missing members from 1997 is up to 18 persons, suspension of business is up to 4 persons. in aspect of transference from 1990, transfer-in is up to 21 persons and transfer out is up to 16 persons.
A Study on the Respiratory System Health Condition of Dental Laboratory Technicians in Jullabuk-do
Choi, Un-Jea ; Shin, Moo-Hak ; Lee, In-Kyu ; Chung, Hee-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2002, Pages 19~31
The purpose of this study was to examine the respiratory system health condition of dental technicians and to be of use for more successful health management and health promotion for them. The subjects in this study were 155 dental technicians who were working in North Jeolla province. Out of them, 70 dental mechanics were investigated in 1993, and 85 were surveyed in 2001. And the reports of the two groups on respiratory distress, including cough, sputum, phlegm, the notable sound of breathing, nasal discharge, coryza, shortness of breath and gasping, were compared. The findings of this study were as below: 1. The cough report rate was 24.3% in 1993 and 16.5% in 2001. There appeared approximately 7.8% decrease between the two years. The most powerful variables included working hours and age. 2. The complaint rate of sputum and phlegm was 47.1% in 1993 and 43.5% in 2001. The rate of 2001 reduced by 3.6%. Whether or not they smoked was identified as the most influential variable. 3. The report rate of shortness of breath and gasping was 7.4% in 1993 and 12.9% in 2001, and this rate showed about 1.5% increase in the latter year. The biggest variables were working hours and career. 4. The complaint rate of nasal discharge and coryza was 41.4% in 1993 and 44.7% in 2001, which showed about 3.3% increase. The largest variables were smoking and career. 5. The report rate of the notable sound of breathing and breathing in light little gasps was 12.0% in 1993 and 17.6% in 2001. There was approximately 5.6% increase, and the most powerful variables were working hours and career.
The effect of preheat treatment on ceramic to metal bond strength
Kim, Chi-Young ; Kim, Young-Gon ; Cho, Hyun-Seol ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2002, Pages 33~41
In dental prosthetics, the application of metal-ceramic restorations has steadily increased since their introduction. This is due to excellent esthetics in combination with high mechanical stability. In order to optimum bond strength between metal and ceramics, controlled oxidation of metal substructure is essential factor. Beryllium containing and beryllium free Ni-Cr alloys for metal-ceramic restorations were evaluated for the metal-ceramic bond strength by changing heat treatment for oxide formation. A mechanical three-point bending test was employed to evaluate the interfacial bond strength of metal-ceramic. In each metal, plate type specimens were used for mechanical three-point bending test. With Ni-Cr alloys for metal ceramics, mechanical three-point bending test showed that double degassing was more available preheat treatment method than another. It was found that beryllium containing Ni-Cr alloys are more effective than beryllium-free for metal-ceramic bond strength.
Antibacterial Activity of Phellodendri Cortex on Dental Caries Bacteria Streptococcus sanguis
Kwak, Dong-Ju ; Nam, Sang-Yong ; Lee, Deok-Su ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2002, Pages 43~49
To develop the natural antibacterial agents which don't have any toxicity against man, collected several species of medicinal plants were tested for their antibacterial activity from dental caries bacteria Streptococcus sanguis. The result of using paper disc method and the result of viable cell counting method, Phellodendri Cortex was selected as antibacterial agent. The high antibacterial activity was acquired at high extraction temperature and long extraction temperature. The antibacterial of Phellodendri Cortex was not effected by the concentration of ethanol.
A Study on Job Stress of Dental Technician
Lee, Deok-Su ; Kwak, Dong-Ju ; Nam, Sang-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2002, Pages 51~63
The purpose of this study was to be of use for getting rid of job stress from dental technicians, by examining how much they were stressed out at work place as one of the professional medical personnels. The subjects in this study were 255 selected dental technicians who were working in the region of Taegu. The one-on-one interview was conducted from March 1 to 30, 2001, with structured questionnaire. The questionnaire sued in this study included 19 question items about the general characteristics and 29 items regarding job stress. The job stress was categorized into seven subareas based on earlier studies and considering the job situations of dental technicians: heavy workload, job conflicts, improper treatment, role and job knowledge, human relations, physical environment and personal matters. The job stress extent was measured on five-point Likert scale that is widely used in social science: one point for no stress, two for little stress, three for so-so, four for a little stress, and five for severe stress. Therefore, a higher point means a severer job stress. The reliability of the questionnaire turned out very good with Cronbach a = 0.9272. The findings of this study were as follows: 1. The general characteristics of the dental technicians investigated could be described as below: (1) By gender, 80.4% of the dental technicians were male, and 50.2%, the largest percentage, were in their 20s, followed by those in their 30s, those in their 40s, and those in their 50s in the order named. (2) The most common work place was dental technician shop(92.5%), followed by dental technology room in dental hospital or clinic and in general hospital in the order named. The primary duties were coating materials work(30.6%), followed by sculpture, grinding, partial and full denture and orthodontics in the order named. 2. The most larges (1) The most largest motivation to be a dental technician was its being a professional(33.7%), followed by the advice from others, their own aptitude, and good economic treatment in the order named. 3. Their job stress could be explained as below: (1) Their collective job stress average was 3.96
0.50 on the basis of 5 point, which showed that they were exposed to a fairly severe job stress. (2) By area, they were most stressed out from heavy workload (4.12), and they also were severely stressed from role and job knowledge(4.02) and personal matters(4.00). (3) By situation, they were most stressed when the disagreement of prosthesis that results from a specific error is unconditionally attributed to them(4.43). And they were also stressed a lot when their workload increases due to the rework(4.38), when a dentist asks something difficult for them to resolve(4.20), when heavy workload makes their working hours irregular and it's impossible to lead a personal life or have leisure time(4.16), and when they are o work for an excessively short time(4.16). This fact indicated that most of the dental technicians were exposed to a lot of stress in conjunction with job performance. 4. The main duties they took charge of didn't make any significant difference to their job stress, but yielded a significant difference to the extent of job stress in individual areas and the order of the most stressful one. Those who were engaged in grinding were most stressed from their own matters, whereas heavy workload was most stressful for those who were engaged in the other types of works. 5. As a result of seeing if their personal characteristics yielded any differences to job stress, the personal characteristics that made their job stress vary significantly were working hours, motivation of being a dental technician, job satisfaction and willingness to continue doing dental technology works. There was a tendency that longer working hours led to severer job stress, and those who chose to be a dental technician according to their own aptitude were less stressed than the others who became a dental technician because of economic reason or advices from others. And the people who were satisfied with their job were exposed to less job stress than the others who weren't, and those who had an intention to keep that job as much as possible were less stressed, compared to the others who hadn't.
Mechanical properties of porcelain fused gold alloy containing indium, tin and copper
Nam, Sang-Yong ; Kwak, Dong-Ju ; Lee, Deok-Su ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2002, Pages 65~71
This study was performed to observe the microhardness change of the surface and the bonding strength between the porcelain and alloy specimens in order to investigate the effects of appended indium, tin and copper on interfacial properties of Au-Pd-Ag alloys. The hardness of castings was measured with a micro-Vicker's hardness tester. The interfacial shear bonding strength between alloy specimen and fused porcelain was measured with a mechanical testing system(MTS 858.20). The microhardness of Au-Pd-Ag alloy was increased by adding indium and tin, but not increased by adding copper. The shear bonding strength of Au-Pd-Ag-Sn alloy and Au-Pd-Ag-Cu alloy showed 87MPa, 57MPa. The higher concentration of adding elements showed the higher shear bonding strength.
A New 3D Shape Measurement Method using 2 CCD Cameras
Kim, Jang-Ju ; Jung, Gook-Young ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2002, Pages 73~81
Accurate acquisition of surface geometries such as machined surfaces, biological surfaces, and deformed parts have been very important technique in scientific study and engineering, expecially for system design, manufacturing and inspection. Two camera method is relatively simple with an acceptable accuracy. In this paper, a new method is studied to acquire 3D geometric data of the small object such as a die in stone model. When the devices, cameras, laser beam and object are in a perfect plane, the calculation becomes very simple with less error. But this paper shows that arbitrarily positioned system can also be used to obtain 3D data.
Knowledge, Cognition and Behaviour of the Parents and the State of Dental caries of Preschoolers living in Pusan Province
Park, Chun-Ho ; Chung, In-Sung ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2002, Pages 83~93
This study was performed to evaluate the importance of parents, knowledge, cognition and behaviour about dental health care on the development of dental caries in preschoolers. Subjects were comprised of 170 preschoolers collected from three preschoolers placed in Pusan and Kimhae area and study period were 6 months from January, 2000. Examination on the preschoolers' dental health and questionnarie survey on parents' knowledge, cognition and behaviour about dental health care were conducted. Collected data were analyzed by chi-square test and t-test using SAS program. Dental caries was so prevalent as the rate of 73.5%. And, the rate was different by the area(p=0.001), and increased with preschooler's age(P=0.004). The parents gain the knowledge about dental health care mainly from dentist or dental hygienist(32.9%), newspaper, magazine booklets(26.5%), TV and VTR tape(20.0%), etc, but rarely from school health education(4.7%). Caries prevalence was significantly lower in case of regular brushing than that of insufficient brushing(p=0.002) and in case of consistently informing brushing time to their children(p=0.014). This results showed that the dental health care for preschoolers is insufficient and the most important factor for caries prevention is regular brushing. And it seemed that the parent's concern and knowledge play an important role for the prevention of preschooler's dental caries. Dental health education would be focused on the parents, especially for the practice of preventive behavior by preschoolers themselves.
Mechanical Properties of Ti-Zr-Nb-Pd Based Alloys for Biomedical Applications
Jung, Jong-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2002, Pages 95~104
For biomedical applications, Ti-X%Zr-Y%Nb-0.2%Pd(X:10
8) alloys not containing harmful Al and V were newly designed, and the effect of alloy composition and heat treatment on the microstructure and mechanical properties was investigated. From the results, it was shown that the mechanical properties were enhanced with the addition of Zr or Nb. The effect of heat treating on room temperature strength was investigated by aging treatment after solution treatment. The mechanical properties of Ti-20%Zr-4%Nb-0.2%Pd alloy aged at 400
for 10hrs was found to be superior to those of the pure Ti and Ti-6%Al-4%V ELI alloy.
A study on the design wax up technique for mandibular molar occlusion surface
Moon, Hee-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2002, Pages 107~126
The first function of occlusion is mastication. Therefore the functional restoration of occlusal surface is very important. The restoration of occlusal surface is three method as wax bite technique, F.G.P. technique, cone technique. Many dental technician is using compound method. I am using compound method of wax bite technique and cone technique. I have knew common point on each teeth during I have waxing up wax pattern. So I studied on the design waxup technique for mandible molar occlusion. The results of the study were as follows; 1. The dam wax up method can restore axial contour of teeth very easy and make short working time of wax pattern. 2. The height of dam must be same with cusp of adjacent teeth. 3. Automatically the contour of tooth is appeared if the contour of dam is relationship with cuspid line of adjacent teeth. 4. The height of contour of buccal, lingual surface is formed natural curve to add fluid wax by gravitation. 5. The development groove of mandible first premolar is appeared V form. 6. The development groove of mandible second premolar is appeared Y form. 7, The development groove of mandible first molar is appeared M form. 8. The development groove of mandible second molar is W form. 9. The embrasure is formed to carve around contact point area as round convex. It affects to axial form of tooth. 10. The buccal, lingual groove of molar is formed parallel with direction of teeth arrangement.
Connect Attachment of Fixed Segmented Bridge
Kim, Nam-Joong ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2002, Pages 127~138
There are some cases that dental prosthesis does not operate as properly as expected in oral mouth. The reasons are such as a distortion of the mandibular, a fault of impression taking system or an extrusion of remaining teeth. One of dental prostheses to consider in the situations is the attachment which connects segment bridge. Active discussions are managed on theoretical side of this field but few on clinical side of it, which must be considered first. Accordingly I'd like to suggest a theoretical background for connect attachment of fixed segmented bridge. 1. As a bridge gets longer, burden on dental ligament is increased and the hardness of a bridge is lessened. 2. The flexibility of a bridge increases in ratio to 3 multiplication of the length and decreases in ratio to 3 multiplication of the width of occlusal surface and base of pontic. 3. Precision rest is needed to cope with the shake of teeth and the difference of axis direction among abutments. 4. Female part of the precision rest should be on middle abutment distal and male one on mesial of pontic. 5. Segmented attachment can be efficiently used to cope with long span bridgework and also in case that one piece casting can't be done because of slant of abutment.
ITI - Octa system을 이용한 fixed removable bridge의 제작
Lee, Seong-Uk ; An, Jae-Seok ; Lee, Jeong-Hwan ; Lee, Yong-Won ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2002, Pages 139~143
상악 전치부 Single implant 식립위치에 따른 보철물 제작과정
Lee, Seong-Uk ; Lee, Jeong-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Acedemy of Dental Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2002, Pages 145~152