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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 2 - Dec 2001
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Jul 2001
Selecting the target year
The relationships between the realities of child's dental caries and guardian's acknowledgments and managements
Gu, Nam-Hee ; Lee, Hyung-Suk ; Park, Chun-Man ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~17
This study was tried to suppose the necessity for the participations of the guardians or parents into dental health educations and for developing an educational program on the control of denial health in order to improve the dental health of handicapped children. For this research, it was investigated by a survey on the actual condition of dental health with an object of handicapped children, and simultaneously by analyzing the relationships between the realities of child's dental caries and guardian's acknowledgments and managements with regard to the dental health of the children. The 209 children and their guardians being in special school for the handicapped were surveyed about the actual conditions of dental health from 15 May to 30 June 2000. 1. The average of DT, MT, FT and DMFT index were 2.46, 0.13, 1.18 and 3.78, respectively. 2. As the parents' educational level (p<0.05) and economical incomes were high, the proportions the DMFT index were low (p<0.05). As the father of the handicapped children had a duty, the DMFT index were lower than the opposite case that the father had no duty. However. in the case of their mother, the presence of the duty has not showed any relationships with the DMFT index. And it was revealed that there was a tendency that the lower age of the parents showed the lower proportions (p<0.05) and index (p<0.001). 3. There was no meaningful differences for the DMFT index in the comparison between the children who can brush themselves or not, even though the children who can brush themselves showed relatively and slightly lower DMFT index than the children who can't do it themselves. 4. More frequent observations on the children's dental conditions by the parent resulted in the lower DMFT index(p<0.01). 5. As the parent had relatively more knowledges about the dental disease. the DMFT index were low. Therefore, as it was considered form these results, the parent should be required more positive participations for the improvement of their children's dental health. For promoting this participations, it must be required the development of educational programs and political services for the parent or guardians in order to improve the attendance into the educations.
A Study on the Effect of Oral Health Education on the Mentally Retarded Children
Kim, Young-Sook ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 19~37
The purpose of this study was to develop effective oral health education programs for mentally retarded children and promote their oral health, by offering oral health education for 45 mentally retarded children between age 6 to 20, tracking the change of their knowledge depending on the frequency of education, and examining the educational effect before and after oral health education. The children with mental retardation attended a special school for idiots in Gweonseon-gu, Suwon, Kyonggi Province, being able to take training(IQ 25-49). The education program was designed to be suitable for their cognitive power after consultation with a special school teacher. A teacher provided the same education seven times, once a week, and an interview was held with each of them to assess their correct answer rate. The findings of this study were as below: 1. The repeated oral health education served to have the children with mental retardation acquire better knowledge about harmful food for the teeth, what had to be done after eating cookies or candies between meals, the right time for toothbrushing, the concept of dental caries, and how to cope with dental caries(p<0.01). But after that education was offered four times, the frequency of that education made no difference. 2. The repeated oral health education increased, their knowledge on the role of the teeth and the right choice of toothbrush(p<0.01), yet there was no significant difference in their knowledge about oral health behavior, because they had already been familiar with that. 3. As a result of investigating the change of their oral health know-ledge before and after oral health education according to the type of handicap, the type of handicap made no significant difference to the change of their oral health knowledge. 4. The oral health education for the children with menial retardation had a significantly different effect on their knowledge about harmful food for the teeth, what had to be done after eating between meals, the right time for toothbrushing, the role of the teeth. the right choice and use of toothbrush, how to do toothbrushing, and fluorine(p<0.01).
A Study on the Oral Health Awareness and Behavior of Lower Graders in Elementary School
Kim, Eun-Kyeong ; Moon, Hyock-Soo ; Jung, Jae-Yeon ; Kim, Young-Kyung ; Han, Su-Jin ; Lee, Byoung-Jin ; Jung, Hye-Ryun ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 39~51
This study was performed to collect basic data for the development of effective oral health education program of lower graders in elementary school. The subject in this study were 704 first-year, second-year and third-year in Hyoje elementary school. The authors collected the tissue where dental caries involved. the possibilities of dental caries prevention. cariogenic food and noncariogenic food. time and frequency of toothbrushing. size of using toothbrush, intake frequency of cariogenic food and the experience with visiting dental clinics, the purpose of visiting dental clinics and fear for dental treatment. The collected data were analyzed. The finding of this study were as follows: 1. Twenty-four percent of students had not correct understanding about the tissue which dental caries are involved. Eleven percent of students thought that it was impossible to prevent dental caries. 2. Sixty-four percent of student brushed their teeth before going to bed, and 63.0% of responded students brushed their teeth twice or more a day. Seventy-eight percent of students used small toothbrush. and there was a Significant difference of size of using toothbrush among the first, second and third graders(P<0.01). Sixty-nine percent of students intake cariogenic food once or more a day. 3. Eighty-six percent of students had experienced with visiting denial clinics. sixty-two percent of students visited dental clinics when they had a toothache. and there was a significant difference of the purpose of visiting dental clinics among the first. second and third graders(P<0.01). Seventeen percent of students responded that dental treatment is fearful there was a significant difference of fear for denial treatment among the first, second and third graders(P<0.05). 4. It was recommended that effective oral health education programs should be developed to increase toothbrushing after breakfast, to decrease intake frequency of cariogenic food, to increase frequency of visiting dental clinics regularly, and to reduced fear for dental treatment.
Factor analysis about the measurement of dental impact on daily living in workers
Kim, Eun-Sook ; Kim, Young-Bok ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 53~62
The purpose of this study was to measure of dental impact on daily lining among workers. The number of subjects were 1.457 workes. To predict the oral health of workers, we used the measurement of dental impact on daily living. Using methodology was self-questionnaire which included the perceived oral health status, and performance, appearance, pain, eating restriction and discomfort. The associations between the performance factors and perceived oral health status, pain, eating restriction and discomfort, the results were as follows: 1. There were consisted of 48.3% of female. 63.1% of smokers. 92.3% of lower than 30years and 99.4% of graduating high school. 2. Measurement of daily impact on daily living were classified into the following 6 categories. Facter analysis for validity was carried out for corroboration. 3. Association between performance factors and other factors(pain, eating restriction and discomfort) were evaluated by multiple regression was significant(44%, p<0.01).
Effects of Music on Dental Anxiety and Pain during Ultrasonic Teeth Scaling
Kim, Hyo-Suk ; Choi, Chung-Ho ; Hwang, Kyu-Yoon ; Lee, Sung-Soo ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 63~76
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of music on dental pain and anxiety during ultrasonic scaling. One hundred and twenty five patients visited dental unit of Soonchunhyang University Chunan hospital for scaling were enrolled during August 1999 and February 2000. The patients were allocated randomly into two groups. music (n = 61) and control groups (n = 65). The music group patients listened to self-selected music using an earphone during scaling. Standardized questionnaire were used to assess the subjective denial pain and anxiety before and after scaling in both groups. In music group, more information on music effect was collected. To evaluate changes of physical signs by scaling, blood pressure and pulse were checked by a wrist check oscillometric. The results were as follows: 1. No significant difference in dental pain and anxiety between before and after scaling was observed in music group. However, the music group patients were satisfied with music because of reduction of pain(93.5%) and anxiety(93.4%), 96.7% of music subjects wanted to listen to music in next scaling. 2. While no significant difference in systolic blood pressure before scaling between music and control groups, systolic blood pressure of control group during scaling was significantly higher than that of music group(P<0.05). 3. In multiple logistic regression. the odds ratio(OR) of pain was decreased with age and female patients had higher OR (1.7, p>0.05). Patients with previous scaling experience complained of more dental pain during scaling than patients without experience. Music was not a significant predictor of denial pain during scaling, controlling for possible confounders. 4. While age. music. and scaling experience were not related to dental anxiety during scaling, sex and dental hygiene index were significant predictors of dental anxiety in multiple logistic regression. 5. Both during and after scaling. mean blood pressure of music patients were significantly lower than control patients after controlling for age, sex, and BMI. In conclusion, our data demonstrated that although listening to music did not disappear the dental pain and anxiety. but reduced the intensity of pain and anxiety during scaling. Furthermore, our data imply thai music has a effect of reduction of increasing blood pressure by scaling.
Gingival Effect of the Dentifrice with Pine & Bamboo and Chitosan
Shin, Seung-Chul ; Suh, Hyun-Seok ; Hong, Jee-Suk ; Kim, Eun-Ju ; Suh, Eun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 77~87
The authors have studied the 8 weeks clinical experiment on 34 dental patients of age 20s for control group and 32 for experimental 1 group(Paste Type Dentifrice with Bamboo Salt, Chitosan and Powder of Pine Needles and Leaves of Bamboo.) and 32 for experimental 2 group(Powder Type Dentifrice with Bamboo Salt, Chitosan and Powder of Pine Needles and Leaves of Bamboo), in order to find out the effect of plaque removal, prevention of calculus and stain formation. and Gingival effect. The obtained results are as following. 1. Plaque removal effect was the similar level on group 1 and on group 2 as control group. 2. For prevention of calculus formation, there was a little bit better on group 1 at 8 weeks, and for prevention of stain formation, it revealed more or less difference between on group 1, group 2 and control group at 8 weeks. 3. on PMA index, it revealed the significantly differences between group 1, group 2 and the control group at 8 weeks(p<0.05), so it is estimated that there might be signified for gingival subside effect by use of dentifrice with Bamboo Salt, Chitosan and Powder of Pine Needles and Leaves Bamboo.
Clinical effect of chewing gum containing chlorhexidine nanoparticles on the dental plaque and gingivitis
Lee, Gwang-Hee ; Nam, Young-Ok ; Kim, Mi-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 89~99
Estimating by clinical index the efficacy of three cases, where chewing gum is mixed with nanoparticle containing chlorhexidine, where chewing gum doesn't contain neither of them, and where with chlorhexidine only, this study has come to the following conclusion. 1. The chewing gum with chlorhexidine and chlorhexidine nanoparticle has shown more reduction of plaque index and gingival index than that with no chlorhexidine. 2. There could be seen a difference between the gum with chlorhexidine and the gum with chlorhexidine nanoparticle. 3. The gum with chlorhexidine nanoparticle has shown less level of plaque index than that chlorhexidine, which difference was only slight. 4. The gum with chlorhexidine nanoparticle wasn't absorved any tooth coloring. To put these results together, it is proposed that mixing chewing gum with chlorhexidine nanoparticle can be an efficient application.
Antimicrobial effect of natural resources on Enterococcus faecalis CHJ-S isolated from oral
Jeong, Hyun-Ja ; Cho, Myung-Sook ; Ji, Won-Dae ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 101~109
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of natural resources against growth of oral bacteria. The CHJ-5 strain was isolated from oral cavity of dental patients. Similarity index values of oral bacterium CHJ-5 was 0.876 to E. faecalis by cellular fatty acid analysis(Analytical Services Inc., USA). As a result of investigation about the growth inhibition of 32 kinds of natural resources on E. faecalis CHJ-5. This strain was inhibited by Schizamdrae fructus, Coptidis rhizoma and Caryophylli flos. Minimal inhibitory concentrations of Schizamdrae fructus, Coptidis rhizoma and Caryophylli flos were 0.1%, 02% and 0.1% on E. faecalis CHJ-5, respectively.
Distribution of Periodontal Status and Treatment Need between Smoker and Nonsmoker
Cho, Myung-Sook ; Kim, Young-Sun ; Jeong, Hyun-Ja ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 111~123
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate distribution of periodontal status and treatment need between smokers and nonsmokers. Methods : Interview and measurement was completed by 82 smoker students and 59 nonsmoker students in Taegu Health College from April 1 to 31, 2001. The community periodontal index of treatment needs(CPITN) was analyzed by percentage. Results : In distribution of CPITN by age, almost all subjects had periodontal diseases except for aged 20~24 years nonsmokers(4%). Smoking 5 cigarettes per a day, up to 10, and above 10 increased 5.3%. 7.1%. and 9.5% in 4 score of CPITN, respectively. In years of smoking, smokers who had above 5 years(13.5%) were higher than below those(6.7%), 20% for smoker who take tooth brushing once per a day had higher than 8.3%(or three in depth of pocket above 6mm. In treatment need, all subjects should take education(or oral health except for aged 20~24 years nonsmokers(4%), 96% of smokers and nonsmokers were need scaling. Conclusion : This study indicated that treatment needs for periodontal diseases and scaling in smoker were higher than nonsmoker those.
A Study on the Effect of Multi-Application of Fluoride on Enamel Remineralization
Cho, Min-Jung ; Lee, Hyang-Lim ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 125~132
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of multi or single application of fluoride plus 0.05% NaF solution on the remineralization of dental caries lesion. The microhardness changes of enamel surface were measured after application of fluoride and precipitation of 0.05% NaF solution on 6 groups of cow's tooth on which the artificial carious lesions were formed first. Test groups were calssified into two step application with NaF,
and APF under different application time conditions plus 0.05% NaF solution(group I, II, III, IV) and single application with APF plus 0.05% NaF solution (group V) and control(0.05% NaF solution only, group IV). The obtained results were as follows. 1. Regarding microhardness change of enamel surface. microhardness increments in group I(NaF for 1 minute+APF for 3 minutes+0.05% NaF solution for 1 minute), II(
1 min+APF 3 min+NaF sol.), III(
2 min+APF 2 min+NaF sol.), IV(NaF 2 min+APF 2 min+NaF sol.) and V(APF 4 min+NaF sol.) were significantly greater than group VI.(P<0.05) 2. Microhardness changes of shorter application time of
(group II) were significantly greater than group III. (P<0.05) 3. Microhardness changes were variable with kinds of fluoride, application sequence and application time of fluoride. but had no relation with the number of fluoride application.
Plaque Removal Effect & Gingival Effect by use of the Dentifrice with Di-methyl-s-curetin and NaCl
Shin, Seung-Chul ; Suh, Hyun-Seok ; Hong, Jee-Suk ; Min, Hee-Hong ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 1, issue 1, 2001, Pages 133~142
The authors have studied the 8 weeks clinical examination On 32 patients of age 20s for experimental group and 34 patients of the same ages for control group, in order to find out the effect of plaque removal effect and gingival effect by use of the dentifrice contained with the Artemisiae Capillaris extract(dimethylesculetin) and NaCl. The obtained results are as followings: 1. Plaque removal effect is better at the experimental group than at the control group on 2 and 8 weeks(p<0.05). 2. There are not significantly differences on the calculus index and stain index between the experimental group and control group, during the 8 weeks experiment(p>0.05). 3. At the 8 weeks experiment, it revealed the less average scores on the PMA index for experimental group, than that of the control group(p<0.05).