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Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 12, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
The effect of job stress in jobholders on xerostomia
Kim, Myung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~15
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.001
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the effect between job stress in jobholders and xerostomia. Methods : 250 jobholders living in Jecheon city were the subjects of this questionnaire. The questionnaire was made up of three contents and 37 items: general characteristic(13), job stress(14), degree & behavior of xerostomia(10). The data were analyzed by two-sample t-test, one-way ANOVA to examine the subjects general characteristics, job stress and degree of xerostomia and were analyzed by Chi-square test to examine the subjects general characteristics, job stress and behavior of xerostomia. Results : Only 215 jobholders were evaluated due to inadequate responses. The results were as follow. 1. As general characteristic of jobholder, male(83.7%) were more than women(16.3%), 30~39 year-old(47%) in age variable, university graduation(63.7%) in the last educational background variable, 2~3 million won(31.2%) in the month average income variable, 1~5 year(33.5%) in tour of duty variable, non-smoker(47.9%) in smoking variable were most. Married(58.6%) were more than unmarried(39.5%). Alcoholic(69.8%) were more than non-alcoholic(30.2%). 2. As classification of job stress, high strain group was 28.4%, active group was 26%, low strain group was 24.2%, passive group was 21.4%. 3. Analysis of effect between general characteristic and degree & behavior of xerostomia showed smoker were statistical significantly higher than non-smoker on 'dry eat', 'Am-sal', 'Night awake', 'Slip-liq'and 'Gumcandy'(p<0.05) and showed alcoholic were statistical significantly higher than non-alcoholic on 'Dry PM', 'Night awake,
-bed'(p<0.05). 4. Analysis of effect between job stress and degree & behavior of xerostomia showed hight strain group were statistical significantly higher than low strain group on 'Dry PM', 'Dry-day', 'Am-sal', 'Eff-life'and 'Night awake'(p<0.05). Conclusions : As high strain group were higher than other groups on degree & behavior of xerostomia, stress would be factor that have an effect on xerostomia. Thus consider and management of stress is necessary for diagnosis and treatment of xerostomia.
A study on the oral health behavior of international students in Korean universities - with a focus on Chinese students -
Kim, Sun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 17~26
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.017
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the actual state of oral health behaviors of Chinese students studying in Korea to promote their oral health and provide useful reference materials for expanding dental care services and improving relevant systems. Methods : This research was based on self-filling survey which 413 chinese students in Chungbuk in Korea from April 1 to July 15, 2011. Surveyed data were analyzed by descriptive statistics,
-test, t-test and one-way ANOVA using SPSS WIN 12.0 program and its signification level was 0.05. The following shows the results of this study. Results : In the event of those who didn't use oral hygiene supplies, the largest group didn't use the devices since they didn't know about them well or they didn't need to use. Regarding links between experience of using oral hygiene devices and concern for oral health, those who used oral hygiene devices showed more interest in oral health(p<.001). Conclusions : Accordingly it now is required to develop a more specific and systematic oral health program and to offer administrative assistance for foreign students during their stay in Korea.
Effect of Streptococcus mutans colinization activing in saliva, breast milk, formula milk
Kim, Hyun-Sook ; Choi, Woo-Yang ; Lee, Dong-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 27~35
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.027
Objectives : This study was performed to provide the basic data for oral health of infants, through the comparison of Streptococcus mutans activities(the representative bacteria of initial dental caries), in main nutritional foods for infants: breast milk, milk powder, and soya milk. Methods : The study targeted 30 infants and the saliva was sampled after the oral examination. The pH of sampled saliva was measured; and the sample of 'the saliva', 'the saliva and breast milk', and 'the saliva and formula milk' by researcher were produced; and the measurement was repeated 7 times. Results : As a result of examining the change of colony number of Streptococcus mutans by hour, the bacterial activity took in the source of nutrition took place in the first place; and in the group with dental caries, breast-feeding at night occurreds most frequently. Due to the combined activities, such as the increase in the contact time, the existence rate of dental caries appeared high. However, as the improvement of breast-feeding is closely related to the nutrition supply to babies, rather than the improvement of breast-feeding, the 12 hours after the culture in which Streptococcus mutans activities started was considered. Conclusions : In case of breast-feeding at night, it is necessary to remove the dental plaque in the mouth, before 12 hours has passed. Especially, using toothbrush and toothpaste to decrease the occurrence of dental caries, after the eruption of teeth, is recommended for oral administration.
Psychological analysis of dental orthodontic patients using SCL-90-R
Ko, Hyo-Jin ; Lee, So-Young ; Yu, Byeng-Chul ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 37~46
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.037
Objectives : This research was investigated to evaluate the psychological characteristics and changes of psychological state among dental orthodontic patients. Methods : This cross-sectional questionnaire research was conducted with 230 dental orthodontic patients in Busan from December 23, 2009 to March 6, 2010. The psychological analysis of dental orthodontic treatment patients was performed with Symptom checklist-90-revision(SCL-90-R) considering 5 general characteristics and 2 treatment period related characteristics. Estimated psychological results were changed T-score. Data analysis was performed with descriptive analysis, t-test and ANOVA using SAS(ver 9.1) program. Results : The levels of T-score of SCL-90-R were
in phobic anxiety(PHOB),
in paranoid ideation(PAR),
in interpersonal sensitive(I-S),
in anxiety(ANX) and
in depression(DEP), respectively. The T-score of phobic anxiety in before treatment group was higher than that of treatment groups. The T-score of interpersonal sensitive and paranoid ideation in over 36 months treatment period group were higher than that of other treatment period groups. Conclusions : Phobic anxiety(PHOB), interpersonal sensitive(I-S) and paranoid ideation(PAR) were affected in pre-treatment and long-term treatment dental orthodontic patients. Psychological management methods considering treatment period are needed to improve mental health of dental orthodontic patients.
Factors of influencing subject oral health perception for the elderly in an urban area
Lim, Hyun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 47~55
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.047
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to examine relations among the subjective oral symptoms, general characteristics and subject oral health perception of aged people residing in some regions of a large city, ultimately providing basic information needed to develop and implement programs oral health project and oral health education programs for the oral health promotion of those people. Methods : For the above purpose, this researcher conducted a questionnaire survey of people aged 65 or over from July 10th to 28th, 2011. Among the copies of the questionnaire distributed to the subjects, 318 were recollected. Out the recollected forms, 18 which were deemed as inappropriately filled in were excluded, and the remaining 300 were finally analyzed. Results : The results are as follows. Subjective oral symptoms have correlation(p<0.001) with aged people's subject oral health perception. Factors of influencing subject oral health perception were indicated to be age(p=0.021) and trouble chewing(p<0.001). Conclusions : A sustainable oral health management system that aims to improve the oral health of aged people should be developed and implemented. This study may have some limitations to be generalized because it was conducted by focusing on aged people of some regions only.
Analysis of related factors for dental fear
Lee, Hyo-Young ; Na, Mi-Hyang ; Lee, Yong-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 57~65
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.057
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to seek analysis of related factors for dental fear and to know the fear component affecting the treatment of the dental treatment. Methods : Total of 320 females and males aging from 10 to 40 years old with dental treatments done from May to July 2010 have participated with self-entry survey method utilizing the Dental Fear Survey questionnaire. The data received was analyzed using the descriptive statistic, t-test, ANOVA and multiple correlation analysis with level of significance as p<0.05. Results : The dental fear factor were significantly high in woman by
and in 40's age group by
(p<0.05). Participants with frequent tooth ache, experiencing pain while treating the tooth ache and breaking the dental treatment appointment showed higher fear factor. Thoughts of having poor dental health condition caused bad influence on fear factor. Overall, the factors affecting the fear of the dental treatments were gender, an ache while treating, number of missed appointment, and distrust of the dentist, stimulation factor were the factors affecting the treatment. Conclusions : The fear factors in the dental treatment were higher with gender, related characteristics of the oral health and distrust of the dentist. Therefore accurately recognizing the sensitive patient with dental treatment, proper management of the toothache, effort to increase the creditability of the doctors and separately treating patient customized for each individual patient will reduce the fear of the dental treatment.
Subjective symptoms and risk assessment of musculoskeletal disorders of the dental hygienists
Kim, Jung-Hee ; Yoo, Wang-Keun ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 67~79
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.067
Objectives : The study was carried out to find out the experience of musculoskeletal disorder symptoms of dental hygienists and evaluate the risk with ergonomic evaluation method(RULA). Methods : The subjects in this study were 344 dental hygienists working at dental clinics and general hospitals in Seoul, Gyeonggi, Daejeon and Chungnam/Chungbuk. The data were collected through the self-questionnaire survey from July 26th 2010 to September 30th 2010. Results : The results showed that those who working at dental hospital, network dental clinics, with 1-5 years of clinical experience, long working hour and sitting hour, no rest hour, more physical and mental burden had higher rate of the experience of musculoskeletal disorder symptoms compared with other groups. The final score of RULA evaluation results was 6 on average requiring continuous observation and urgent demand for work improvements. According to the result of RULA evaluation by work, the orthodontic clinics were 4.5, prosthodontic clinics were 5.0, and dental surgery clinics were 6.8 being the most risky. Conclusions : The study showed high complaints rate on musculoskeletal disorders in dental hygienists. Thus, various measures including provision of proper working and rest hours, use of ergonomic working equipments, strengthening the health education for desirable working posture and the development of musculoskeletal disorder prevention program should be needed.
Antimicrobial activities of oral bacteria by lichen extracts
Kim, Eun-Mi ; Cho, Min-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 81~91
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.081
Objectives : By investigating antimicrobial activity of natural extracts, identifying its usefulness as antibiotic material to oral bacteria. Methods : Antimicrobial activity tests of 25 natural extracts were implemented on 6 type strains alleged to cause dental caries and 10 clinical strains isolated and identified from dental caries. Results : Among medicinal plants, Coptis japonica, Scutellaria baicalensis, Dictamnus dasycarpus showed antimicrobial activity. Among lichens, 3 methanol extracts and 6 acetone extracts showed antimicrobial activity. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration(MIC) test of Usnea aurantiacoatra KoLRI 004184, an acetone extract of lichen with the highest antimicrobial activity, on 6 type strains involved in dental caries and 10 strains isolated from dental caries resulted as follows; Actinomyces oris 1041
, for Corynebacterium durum 3151
, for Rothia dentocariosa KCTC
, for R. dentocariosa 911
, for R. dentocariosa 1822
, for Lacto-bacillus casei KACC
, for L. acidophilus KACC
, for L. rhamnosus 2421
, for Streptococcus mutans KCTC
, for S. mutans 121
, for Streptococcus oralis 2221
, for S. salivarius KCTC 5512
, for S. salivarius 122
, for S. sanguinis KCTC
, for S. sanguinis 912
, for Neisseria sp. KEM232
. Conclusions : Even a small amount of extract from lichen Usnea aurantiacoatra KoLRI 004184 showed very high level of antimicrobial activation against all 16 bacterial strains involved in dental caries.
Effect of cooperative learning on learning strategies, academic self-efficacy and class satisfaction among dental hygiene students
Park, In-Suk ; Song, Gui-Sook ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 93~101
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.093
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the educational effect of cooperative learning, which enables learners to make portfolio by taking advantage of their knowledge and skills acquired through practice, on an oral prophylaxis practice course in an attempt to stir up the spontaneous learning of learners, their learning interest and problem-solving skills. Methods : The selected dental hygiene students engaged in cooperative learning in oral prophylaxis practice III class in the second semester of their sophomore year by utilizing portfolio that was prepared by altering an inclusive dental hygiene practice model. They completed all the 15-week practice course, and then their portfolio was evaluated. They were divided into eight nonequivalent groups whose members were all different in academic standing, and their learning strategies and academic self-efficacy were checked before and after the instruction was provided. And their satisfaction with the class was investigated after the instruction was provided. Results : 1. There were significant gaps to
in the charge of learning strategies after they engaged in cooperative learning(p<0.01). There were the broadest differences in cognitive strategies to 3.61, followed by metacognitive strategies to 3.19, and significant differences were found in all the subfactors(p<0.01). 2. There were significant gaps in the charge of self-efficancy to
after they engaged in cooperative learning(p<0.01). There were the widest differences in self-regulating efficancy to 3.49, followed by confidence to 3.03 and task difficulty preference to 2.97, and significant differences were found in all the subfactors(p<0.01). 3. When their satisfaction level was analyzed after engaging in cooperative learning, there were significant gaps to 3.94 in the satisfaction level with all of the lectures(p<0.01). There were significant gaps in the satisfaction level with lecture to 4.20, with ensuring academic achievement to 4.13 and with cooperative learning to 3.48 (p<0.01). Conclusions : The above-mentioned findings indicated that cooperative learning had a positive impact on the learning strategies, academic self-efficacy and class satisfaction of the learners, and this study is expected to lay the foundation for the development of new teaching methods for dental hygiene.
Recognition of college-preparatory students for dental hygienist
Kim, Dong-Yeol ; Lee, Seung-Hun ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 103~111
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.103
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to survey the recognition of college-preparatory students who interested and prevented themselves in oral health diseases for dental hygienist in Yeungnam South Korea. Methods : The subjects in this study were 328 students who was seriously worried for career and entrance into a school. The survey period was from August 16th 2011 to November 26th 2011, and the data was collected from the high school students in Yeungnam and the preparatory students who visited S college in Gyeongju. This study was conducted by using the self-reported questionnaire. Results : The result of this study are as follows. 87.2% of the subjects have recognized about the name of dental hygienist, 51.5% have distinguished dental hygienist in the clinic, and 67.4% have recognized about education of dental hygienist that was more than a college graduate. The received services from dental hygienist was scalling(15.6%), assistant of treatment(14.7%), tooth brushing instrument(11.5%), Reception & receipt(11.0%), and etc. The majority of the subjects have recognized that dental hygienist was the professional(4.82 points), the important role in oral health(4.88 points), and the intermediary between patients and dentists(4.60 points). And they were friendly(4.64 points), responsible(4.81 points), and worthwhile job(5.01 points). However their appellation has not been established yet(4.00 points), they was difficult to distinguish from nursing assistants(4.37 points), and their task did not differs from AN(4.53 points). Also they compared to other job was not stressful job(3.58 points). Conclusions : Refer to these results, those will be the basis for professional development and status establish of clinical dental hygienists and for the upright role as a professional medical personnel of dental hygiene students. In addition, those will help to patients in the future, and become an effective instrument to learn knowledge, skill, and service that needed to conduct business.
The preventive effect of fluoride materials on the dental caries by dental polishing prior to fluoride application
Cho, Min-Jung ; Ha, Myung-Ok ; Oh, Han-Na ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 113~122
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.113
Objectives : This study was carried out to investigate the caries resistant effect of fluoride by dental polishing prior to fluoride application in vitro. Methods : Artificial caries lesion was made on the surface of specimen enamel taken from cow's permanent cuspid on the part of labial surface after resin embedding and polishing. Artificial dental plaque was formed on the 72 dental specimen 25~45 VHN(Vickers Hardness Number) which were divided into three groups(fluoride varnish, APF gel, control) with dental polishing and without polishing respectively. Fluoride varnish and APF gel group with 20 second polishing or without polishing were immersed in the artificial saliva respectively. Control group with or without polishing were immersed in the artificial saliva. Results : 1. Significant difference was not found by fluoride varnish between polishing group and non polishing group (p>0.01). 1) polishing group. The changes of Vickers Hardness Number(VHN) were
. 2) non-polishing group. The changes of VHN were
. 2. Significant difference was not found by APF gel between polishing group and non polishing group (p>0.01). 1) polishing group. The changes of VHN were
. 2) non-polishing group. The changes of VHN were
. Conclusions : Showed no significant difference between polishing group and non-polishing group regardless of fluoride materials (fluoride varnish, APF gel).
Smoking condition of students in dental hygiene and relations with self-esteem in a local district
Lee, Sung-Lim ; Go, Eun-Kyung ; Choi, Jeong-Hee ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 123~133
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.123
Objectives : This study was performed to understand smoking condition and to investigate the relations among knowledge regarding smoking and oral hygiene, awareness of anti-smoking policy, and self-esteem, to provide fundamental basis, developing programs for smoking prevention and anti-smoking. Methods : From September 7, 2010 to September 16, 2010, questionaire survey was conducted for 566 female university students studying dental hygienics at a local district in Jeollanam-do. Collected data was analyzed by Chi-square test, t-test, one way ANOVA, Scheffe multiple range test, Perason's correlation test, and stepwise multiple regression test. Results : 1. Smoking condition of study subjects on general characteristics showed 17.1%, where 14.0% of previous smoking history, and 68.9% of currently nonsmoker. 2. Analysis on the knowledge related to smoking and oral hygiene, awareness of anti-smoking policy, and self esteem on the general characteristics of study subjects have shown better awareness of anti-smoking policy in non-alcoholics. Significant difference was found in knowledge about smoking and awareness of anti-smoking policy according to current resident status, but no difference found in self-esteem. Higher academic grade was related to higher awareness of anti-smoking policy and better ics. aalcell. Better health, but no diffeoral hygiene were related to better awareness of anti-smoking policy, and bewhich were statistically significant. Favorable interpersonal self-estehip was related to better awareness of anti-smoking policy. 3. Analysis on knowledge regarding smoking related health and oral hygiene, awareness of anti-smoking policy, and self-esteem showed higher level of anti-smoking knowledge in non-smoking group(60.44) compared to currently smoking group or group with previous history of smoking, and better awareness of anti-smoking policy in non-smoking group(53.54) than other groups, which was statistically significant. 4. Correlation analysis among smoking related knowledge, awareness of anti-smoking policy, and self-esteem has found relatively high correlation between smoking related knowledge and awareness of anti-smoking policy, which was statistically significant(r=0.481, p<0.001). 5. Among factors influencing awareness of anti-smoking policy, higher level of smoking related knowledge and satisfaction to specialty was related to higher awareness of anti-smoking policy which was lower in current smoker than past smoker, and higher academic grade was related to higher awareness of anti-smoking policy. Conclusions : Following results emphasize the need to establish a novel curriculum by which effective programs for smoking prevention and education of anti-smoking specialist could be provided as well as promoting coaching anti-smoking activity.
The dental status of foreign workers in the pocheon city and the analysis of their oral health behavior
Choi, Eun-Mi ; Song, Yun-Sin ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 135~143
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.135
Objectives : The purpose of this study on the oral health behavior of foreign workers and dental care in the community is to identify actual oral health conditions of immigrated labors, to promote their oral health and to gather basic data providing them with proper oral health services Methods : Based on previous studies, The researchers wrote their own surveys in English, in Vietnamnese, in Tagalogue, in Thai. Making questions on the paper to 114 foreign workers in Pocheon, Gyeonggi-do were surveyed. Using the program SPSS 17.0 for Windows, the collected data were analyzed. The frequency analysis, the chi-square analysis and the correlation analysis was performed to recognize their relevance between the oral health status and the actual oral care and the subjective perception of oral health. Results : General characteristics of the foreign workers is the overwhelming majority of male demographic 78.9%. By age, 20-29 years of age accounted for 50%, and duration of stay in the city is less than 3-5 years to 68.4%, It was most common. The percentage going to the dentist when teeth hurt is although 56 percent. But the ratio to endure the pain without going to the dentist, was 44%. The main reason to not go to the dentist was the time 55.2% and cost 11.9%. A mere 9.6% of respondents knew about the free dental care and used. 67.5% of them was not aware of the free dental care agency, 59.6% were keen to use the free care. However, 40.4% did not want a free dental care because they did not have the time(26.3%), the distance is far away(3.5%), and difficulties in communication(3.5%) and the other(66.7%). Conclusions : The major percentage of the other reason(66.7%) why they did not want to go to free dental service, must be specifically identified. For the activation of free dental services, the active support of central and local governments is needed. By focusing on health-related departments of the University in the community, it is necessary to operate the program of the oral health care for foreign workers.
Effects of Mother's Oral Health Care Behaviors on Dental Caries in Primary School Children
Kim, Young-Nam ; Song, Yun-Sin ; Kim, Yoon-Shin ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 145~156
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.145
Objectives : By analyzing the affects of the mother's oral care to the caries experiences of the elementary school children, To looking for the way to prevent dental caries in the primary school, to provide baseline data to perform the associated oral health education. Methods : Between the 3,676 children's dental check-up data and the 2,934 survey of parents from 9 elementary schools in the the Gyeonggi Province, the exactly matching data of 2,358 pairs, children versus mothers, were analyzed during the period, 2009 May 4 to July 20, By using the PASW 18(SPSS-PC 18), Frequency analysis of the collected data, and cross-analysis, ANOVA, Bonferroni post-analysis was performed. Results : The findings of the study were as follows. 1. In children, the ratio(DMF rate)of the dental caries experience in permanent teeth, appeared higher for men than women. Divided by grade level, the ratio of caries experience in the permanent teeth(DMF rate) generally appear higher in older than young. Thus between the child's gender and grade level by the ratio of caries experience in the permanent teeth(DMF rate) showed the statistically significant differences (p<0.05). 2. Between the socioeconomic characteristics of mothers and the children's level of dental caries experiences, not showed the statistically significant difference.(p>0.05). 3. The significant difference showed between the dental caries levels of the children and the mother's oral health care behavior - a toothbrush replacement period, mother's broken teeth, mothers guidances of the brushing after snacks for children(p<0.05). Conclusions : The mother's oral health attitudes and behaviors can affect to their children's oral care habits. Therefore The mother themselves should have the right proper habit of oral health care, so that in oral health care mothers should be the model for their children. Institutionally more systematic and detailed oral health educational program in conjunction with the family is needed.
Analysis of research ethics education needs impact factors
Seong, Jeong-Min ; Park, Yong-Duk ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 157~165
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.157
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the professors, who teach the dental hygiene program in Korea, on the awareness of the research ethics education check. And attempt to provide and promote a basic foundation for future research ethics education Methods : Questionnaire survey was carried out targeting 119, who teach the dental hygiene program. The collected data was performed frequency & percentage, independent t-test and one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results : 1. As recognition about research ethics education needs, they expressed the biggest recognition that research ethics education is required(
) 2. Regarding the correlation between students needs research ethics education and interested research ethics education had a statistically significant correlation of r=0.381 which was the highest correlation factor. 3. Research ethics education taking institutions, 39.4% respondents experienced the biggest national research institutes. 4. Between general characteristics and research ethics education recognition level, they were statistically significantly different with age and major course(p<0.05). 5. The affecting factors on the research ethics education were teaching career and number of articles published as the first author, explained 12.8%(p<0.001). Conclusions : Research ethics education is desperately needed. Therefore I will insist the case based approach in the research ethics education program with the format of a stand course.
The effects of dental-hygiene students' goal achievement orientation on their self-efficacy and major adaptation and satisfaction
Jung, Gi-Ok ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 167~178
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.167
Objectives : The purpose of this research is to examine the effects of the goal achievement orientation of the students in dental-hygiene practice classes on their self-efficacy and on their adaptation to and satisfaction with their major. Methods : A survey was conducted among the dental-hygiene students in schools located in the Daegu region on October 24-31, 2011. A total of 212 accomplished questionnaires were gathered as sources of final analytical data. Statistical analysis was conducted on the collected data, using the SPSS 19.0 program. Results : 1. The students who had good personal relationships(p=.000) and who chose their major and school based on their aptitude(p=.029) were found to have a higher degree of satisfaction than those who did not have good personal relationships and who did not choose their major and school based on their aptitude. 2. Self-confidence(p=.004), self-control efficacy(p=.000), mastery approach(p=.000), and performance approach(p=.003) were found to have positive correlations with major adaptation while task difficulty preference(p=.000) was found to have a negative correlation with the same. 3. Self-confidence(p=.004), self-control efficacy(p=.000), mastery approach(p=.000), and performance approach(p=.045) were also found to have a positive correlation with major satisfaction while task difficulty preference(p=.000) was found to have a negative correlation with the same. 4. Mastery approach(p=.000) in goal achievement orientation was found to have a positive effect on self-efficacy while mastery avoidance(p=.001) was found to have a negative effect on the same. Mastery avoidance showed the greatest effect on self-confidence(p=.000) while mastery approach showed the greatest effect on self-control efficacy(p=.000) and task difficulty preference(p=.000). 5. In goal achievement orientation, mastery approach(p=.000) was found to have a positive effect on major adaptation while mastery avoidance was found to have a negative effect on the same. Meanwhile, with regard to self-efficacy, self-control efficacy(p=.037) and task difficulty preference(p=.008) were found to have positive effects on major adaptation. 6. In the case of major satisfaction, mastery approach(p=.000) in goal achievement orientation was found to have a positive effect on it, and in self-efficacy, self-control efficacy(p=.038) and task difficulty preference(p=.002) were found to have positive effects on it. Conclusions : Accordingly, to raise the level of the dental-hygiene students' adaptation to and satisfaction with their major, the students should be given appropriate tasks so that they can raise their mastery goal, and they should be encouraged to raise their approach goal rather than their avoidance goal. In addition, the students should be provided assistance in setting self-expectations and in developing confidence in their capabilities.
Health promotion lifestyle to the selection factors of dental institutions among some office workers
Song, Bok-Nyeo ; Song, Kwui-Sook ; Jang, Sun-Hee ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 179~187
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.179
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the influential factors for the choice of dental institutions among adult office workers who were one of major medical consumer groups, the relationship between their health promotion lifestyle and their choice of dental institutions, ways of boosting the efficiency of hospital management and differences in differentiation strategies among dental institutions. Methods : The subjects in this study were 160 office workers who were aged 20 and over and worked in Seoul, North Jeolla Province and South Jeolla Province. They were selected by convenience sampling, and a survey was conducted from February 1 to July 20, 2011. The answer sheets from 149 respondents were analyzed by the statistical package SPSS WIN 12.0 except for 11 incomplete ones. Results : As for the selection factors of dental institutions by general characteristics, they attached a statistically and significantly different importance to convenience according to gender(p<0.05), to reliability, facilities and cleanness according to age(p<0.05), to reliability and convenience according to academic credential(p<0.05) and to facilities and cleanness according to academic credential(p<0.01). Concerning the links between the form of using dental institutions and the selection factors of dental institutions, they gave a statistically and significantly different weight to reliability according to that(p<0.05). Convenience(p<0.001) was the primary selection factor of dental institutions among those who scored higher in health promotion lifestyle. Conclusions : Given the above-mentioned findings, it seemed that the regular implementation of oral health plans geared toward workers and the development of educational programs are required to promote the oral health of workers. But this study examined the workers in several regions only, and the findings might not be generalizable.
Efficient teaching behavior in lecture-style instruction of dental hygiene
Jung, Young-Ran ; Hwang, Sun-Hee ; Ahn, Se-Youn ; Sim, Soo-Hyun ; Han, Hwa-Jin ; Choi, Hye-Sook ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 189~200
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.189
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine what teaching behavior would have a good effect on learners in lecture-style instruction in the department of dental hygiene. Methods : The subjects in this study were 650 students who were in the three-year department of dental hygiene at four colleges in Gyeonggi Province and Chungcheong Province. After a survey was conducted, frequency analysis and ANOVA were utilized to analyze the collected data. The findings of the study were as follows. Results : The students put the highest value on knowledge among the factors of teaching behavior irrespective of their academic year, academic standing and learning style, followed by skills and attitude. Out of every subfactor, they set the highest value on a sense of humor regardless of their academic year, academic standing and learning style, and put the lowest value on the attitude factor such as enthusiasm. There were differences among the students in evaluation of the factors of teaching behavior according to academic year, and the students whose academic year was higher set a higher value on the factors of teaching behavior. There were no differences according to their academic standing and learning style. Conclusions : The dental hygiene students viewed the knowledge factor as the effective factor of teaching behavior, and regarded a sense of humor as the best subfactor. Although the attitude factor like enthusiasm is important, it seemed that the students hoped for the kind of instruction that would be delightful, intriguing and clearly convey what to learn.
A study on oral health status and oral health behavior practice perceived by workers in part areas
Kim, Mi-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 201~212
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.201
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine about workers' oral health status and oral health behavior practice. Methods : Questionnaire survey was carried out targeting 331 workers within the industrial complex of Jeonju city in 2011. As a result of surveying and analyzing workers' oral health status, habit related to oral health, activity restriction, which is oral disease phase, and oral health practice level by using SPSSWIN 12.0. Results : 1. Workers' experience of visiting dental hospital(clinic) for the past one year was indicated to be the highest with 64.9% in the working period with 10 years-under 20 years(p<0.001). Experience of scaling was indicated to be averagely 38.8%. 2. The oral health status perceived by workers was the highest with 40.5% in 'having something abnormal'. A problem was the highest with 28.0% in 'dental caries'. A cause was indicated to be 42.6% in 'because of being naturally weak in tooth or the gum.' The biggest reason for having failed to receive the dental treatment at a proper time was indicated to be the highest with 24.8% in 'because of feeling burdensome about dental expense. '3. 58.4% of male workers were smoking. The use of dental hygiene device was the highest with 40.6% in mouth-rinse. 4. Absence caused by oral disease was indicated to be the highest with 13.8% in the household income in more than 3,500,000won, thereby having shown the significant difference(p<0.05). Early leaving was indicated to be the highest 13.9% in more than 50s age, thereby having shown the significant difference(p<0.05). Also, as for factors of absence and early leaving, a pain was the highest with 64.7%. 5. Workers' oral health practice level was the highest with 2.85 points in 'Brushing teeth before going to bed'. Conclusions : Synthesizing these findings, the oral management could be known to be made negligently in the workers with the older age, the lower academic background, and the lower income. The institutional foundation is considered to be necessary for which the oral health education can be efficiently performed in addition to a need of periodic oral examination for these classes.
The effect of self-efficacy and job satisfaction of Dental Hygienists' on the organizational commitment and turnover intention
Kim, Hye-Young ; Choi, Jung-Ok ; Seong, Mi-Gyung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 213~223
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.213
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to identify relationships between turnover intention and variable factors among dental hygienists. Methods : Each factor of validity and reliability were investigated using factor analysis and Cronbach's
. The hypothesis of the data was proven and analyzed using the pearson correlation, regression analysis, and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results : The independent variables were based on self-efficacy, the dependent variables were based on job satisfaction. The results of the regression analysis were that self-efficacy is as high as job satisfaction. Independent variables based on self-efficacy and job satisfaction. The dependent variable is organizational commitment multiple regression analysis was used. The results showed that self-efficacy and job satisfaction are as high as organizational commitment. Independent variables based on organizational commitment. The dependent variable is the turnover-intention. Simple regression analysis showed that organizational commitment is as low as turnover-intention. Self-efficacy, job satisfaction and organizational commitment are different depending on individual traits and personal characteristics. Self-efficacy has been shown to have a positive relationship with job experiences, public work and turnover intention. Organizational commitment is also related with job experiences. However, there was no significant difference between job satisfaction, turnover intention and personal characteristics. Conclusions : According to the factor analysis of turnover intention, self-efficacy, job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention were correlated to each other. Self-efficacy, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment has a negative association with turnover intention.
Satisfaction on the practical training of public institution's staffs in cyber oral health service
Hwang, Yoon-Sook ; Cho, Eun-Pyol ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 12, issue 1, 2012, Pages 225~233
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2012.12.1.225
Objectives : This thesis aims to provide basic materials for exploring trends and operational strategy of the cyber training. To achieve study purpose, it analyzed the satisfaction of trainees in regard to the education of field training course of Cyber Oral Health Promotion Program, established and operated between 2007 and 2009. Methods : This study conducted questionnaire surveys after the completion of training to utilize the satisfaction level of 989 respondents among 1,310 employees of public institutions who completed the field training course of Cyber Oral Health Promotion Program. Results : Respondents showed satisfaction on the training course throughout three years in terms of satisfaction of instructional methods (screen characteristics, educational techniques, and so on) according to educational contents, the connection and realization of online education and service satisfaction, necessary for learning in association with educational guidance, offered to learners by a tutor and rapidity in questions and answers. A majority of respondents in all years answered that they participated in training program voluntarily for self-development and improvement in work ability, and they thought that the completion of course would be helpful to their current work and future work. In addition, cyber training program was primarily conducted in the working place by 72.5%, and the most difficult thing in cyber training was to combine work and learning by 60.6%. Conclusions : As shown in the results above, workers in public institutions were satisfied with cyber job training and it was evaluated that cyber job training would be helpful to performing their actual work. Therefore, it is needed to collect and evaluate more diverse requirements of trainees with regard to cyber job training, and the development and operation of job training program that reflects these results sufficiently is required.