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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Development of job performance assessment tool for dental hygienists
Kim, Ji-Hee ; Hwang, Tae-Yoon ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 713~726
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.713
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to develop a job performance assessment tool for dental hygienists. Methods : The development consisted of three steps. The first step was to construct the contents of the assessment tool and a pretest questionnaire. In the second step, validity and reliability tests were done and modified for the pretest questionnaires and an assessment tool was made. The third step was verification of the assessment tool. A total of 678 data from the dental hygienists were analyzed to verify the validity and reliability. The assessment tool consisted of two areas such as job performance and competency/attitude: the job performance area covered four sub-areas including oral health education, preventive dental care, assistance for dental treatment, and administrative management. Results : The number of questions and reliability test result for each sub-area were as follows. Reliability coefficient for oral health education (10 questions) was 0.899, preventive dental care (8 questions) was 0.861, assistance for dental treatment (18 questions) was 0.915, administrative management (8 questions) was 0.919, competency of dental hygienists (11 questions) was 0.947, and attitude of dental hygienists (15 questions) was 0.955. Cronbach
coefficient for reliability of total 70 questions of the assessment tool was 0.980. Conclusions : The validity of the assessment tool was verified by three steps and the reliability proved to be significant. Consequently the assessment tool was found to be useful as an objective and valid job performance assessment tool for the dental hygienists.
Relationship between emotional labor and occupational stress of dental counselor
Kim, Gey-Pyo ; Lee, Ji-Young ; Yu, Byeng-Chul ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 727~737
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.727
Objectives : This study aimed to investigate the levels of emotional labor and occupational stress and their relationships in dental counselors to improve psychological health related with dental counseling. Methods : The questionnaire survey was conducted to 167 dental counselors working at dental clinics in Busan and Gyeongsangnam-do from June to August, 2012. The study used emotional labor questionnaires and Korean Occupational Job Stress Scale (Basic Version, KOSS-43) as an assessment scale. All respondents were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire. Data analysis was performed with descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis using SAS(ver 9.2). Results : The levels of occupational stress and emotional labor in dental counselors were
. Three subscales of emotional labor as frequency of emotional expression, attention of emotional expression norms and disharmony of emotion were related with occupational stress in dental counselors. The level of job stress was increased by the lower level of emotional expression and increased by the higher levels of emotional expression and disharmony of emotion. Conclusions : In addition to increasing the number of counselors, nurturing counseling workforce is essential to manage the job stress of dental counselors. Sufficient counseling with a patient in a comfortable counseling environment is important to reduce the job stress by emotional labor. Continuous service improvement through positive emotional service education is necessary to be implemented for counselors.
Association between psychological factors and temporomandibular disorders in Korean adults : The fouth Korean national health and nutritional examination survey(2009)
Sim, Soo-Hyun ; Ha, Mina ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 739~747
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.739
Objectives : This study aimed to investigate relationship between the psychological factors, the prevalence, and perception of temporomandibular disorder in Korean adults. Methods : A total of 7203 data were derived from Korean national health and nutritional examination survey. All data were analyzed using R-COMMANDER(12.2 SDI) program. Results : The prevalence of temporomandibular disorder in Korean adults was 3.1% and 10.5% of adults with temporomandibular disorder (TMD) had more than one TMD related symptom. Women had higher prevalence rate of TMD related symptom than men. Prevalence rate in TMD was low in the younger age, the higher education level, higher income, and the professionals. Psychological factors including cognition of stress and depression was shown to be closely related with suicidal ideation and TMD prevalence. Conclusions : To prevent TMD, it is necessary to provide the systematic oral health education and to develop the combined psychological counseling with treatment program.
Effect of oral environment(salivary flow, taste recognition threshold) of adults over 40 years on oral health influence point(OHIP-14)
Kim, Ji-Haw ; Kim, Gi-Ug ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 749~757
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.749
Objectives : The aim of the study is to investigate the relationship between salivary flow, palate recognition threshold, DMFT index and oral health influence point (OHIP-14) of the adults over 40 years old. Methods : Salivary flow and taste recognition threshold were measured in 220 adults over 40 years old from three dental clinics in Daegu from January 3 to February 4, 2012. A total of 208 questionnaires were analyzed. Results : The adults recognized the sour taste in low concentration level when the salivary flow was faster. DMFT index was low in those who recognized sweet and sour taste that affected OHIP-14. Conclusions : Tooth decaying food must be restricted because of its high acidity in the past despite the individuals' taste recognition threshold was neglected. Before the diet control, it is necessary to measure the taste threshold of the individuals. Training for improving salivary flow is very important to prevent dental caries and to preserve good taste.
Influence of oral health status on oral health-related quality of life(OHIP-14) among elderly people in Busan
Yoon, Hyun-Seo ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 759~767
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.759
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the oral health status of elderly people and their oral health-related quality of life. Methods : The subjects were the elderly people over 65 years old in Busan. A total of 479 elderly people participated in the study from general hospital, two research institutes, eight dental clinics, six welfare institutions, sixteen senior centers, and three nursing homes. The oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14) was used in the routine dental checkups of the elderly people. Results : Those who had no oral symptoms had a better oral health-related quality of life. Among the subfactors of the OHIP-14, significant differences were shown in functional limitation(p=0.001), physical pain(p<0.001), emotional discomfort(p<0.001), physical disability(p=0.001), emotional disability (p=0.001), social disability(p=0.005), physical handicap(p=0.003) and total OHIP-14(p<0.001). Those who had 18 sound teeth(natural teeth) or more had a better oral health-related quality of life. Among the subfactors of the OHIP-14, significant differences were shown in functional limitation(p<0.001), physical pain(p=0.007), emotional discomfort(p=0.019), physical disability(p=0.018), Emotional disability(p=.032) and total OHIP-14 (p=0.006). Conclusions : The results revealed a close relationship between oral health status and oral health-related quality of life. The number of sound teeth(natural teeth) and frequency of toothbrushing had a more positive influence. Therefore oral health programs for the elderly people can preserve remaining teeth. Toothbrushing is the best way to improve the quality of life in the elderly people.
Relationship between BMI, oral health behavior and perceived oral symptoms among child care teachers
An, So-Youn ; Park, So-Young ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 769~776
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.769
Objectives : The aim of this study was to analyze relationship between body mass index(BMI), oral health behavior, and perceived oral symptoms among child care teachers. Methods : The subjects were 310 child care teachers who worked in child care centers in Jeollabukdo Province, Korea. A cross tab analysis and a multiple regression analysis were conducted to find a possible relationship between oral health behavior, oral symptoms and BMI. Results : BMI in child care teachers was 35.1% and male and married teachers had higher BMI. Higher BMI revealed perceived periodontal disease in smokers. Higher BMI was closely related to perceived xerostomia and halitosis. Conclusions : BMI is a very important index to develop health improvement and obesity control.
Study on the teaching efficiency and satisfaction levels of clinical practice instructors during clinical practice training for some dental hygienists and students
Oh, Hey-Seung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 777~786
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.777
Objectives : The purpose of the is to investigate the teaching effectiveness of clinical practice instructors and the satisfaction level of dental hygiene majoring students in clinical practice training. Methods : Subjects were second and third grade 480 dental hygiene majoring students in Seoul and Gangwondo. Except 48 incomplete answers, 438 data were analyzed. Questionnaire consisted of general characteristics, teaching of clinical practice instructors, educational content, organization al skills, leadership, learning environment, evaluation skills and clinical practice satisfaction level. Results : 1. A strong positive correlation (r = 0.832) was found between teaching effectiveness and clinical practice satisfaction. A positive correlation more than 0.50 was found between the clinical practice satisfaction, encouragement and support for teaching effectiveness, educational contents, and leadership. 2. There were significant correlations between the encouragement and support (B = 0.209), educational content (B = 0.199), leadership ability (B = 0.257) and ability to create an environment (B = 0.084), evaluation ability (B = 0.083). Conclusions : Teaching effectiveness of the clinical practice instructors had influences on the clinical practice satisfaction. It is necessary to connect clinical practice instructions with satisfaction towards clinical practice to the students.
Influences of health behaviors and perceived oral symptoms on subjective oral health status
Won, Young-Soon ; Park, So-Young ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 787~795
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.787
Objectives : The aim of the study is to investigate the possible influences of health behaviors and oral symptoms on subjective oral health status and to provide basic data for the development of oral health education programs. Methods : Subjects were 274 nursing home workers in Jeollabukdo, Korea. A self- reported survey was carried out. Results : Eighty four persons (30.7%) subjectively perceived their subjective oral health was good in the meanwhile forty nine persons (17.9%) reported poor oral health status. Health behaviors had much influence on their subjective oral health status. Good subjective oral health status coincided with quitting od smoking and drinking alcohol. Periodontal diseases and dental caries, and tooache had bad influences on subjective oral health status. Conclusions : Quitting program for smoking and drinking alcohol will make the nursing home workers in good healthy oral health status.
A study on the oral health education needs according to self perception of the oral condition of senior citizens in some areas
Jung, Jung-Ock ; Song, Ae-Hee ; Kim, Soo-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 797~805
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.797
Objectives : The purpose of the present study was to obtain the data for oral health improvement and promotion programs for the elderly people. Methods : Subjects were 382 elderly people over 65 years old living in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do for more than 3 months from May to July 2012. Except 23 incomplete answers, 359 data were analyzed. Results : 1. By five point Likert scale, mean was 3.71 points. Self-perception of the oral health condition was 2.60 points. 2. Correlation analysis revealed that oral health education needs, self perception of the oral condition, and variables showed significantly weak negative relation(r=-0.215, p<0.001). Conclusions : It is necessary to develop continuing oral health education programs at the levels of elderly people in the nursing homes.
Awareness towards water fluoridation program in Yongin
Lee, Sun-Mi ; Cho, Eun-Pyol ; Kang, Boo-Wol ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 807~817
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.807
Objectives : The aim of the study is to investigate the awareness towards water fluoridation program in the residents of Yongin. Methods : Subjects were 1,016 adults over 19 years old living in Yongin for more than one year. A self-administered survey was done by structured questionnaires. Some of the questionnaires were filled out through direct phone call. Results : Positive awareness of water fluoridation program accounted for 36.5 percent and 61.0 percent of the residents agreed to the program. Only nine percent 9.0 percent opposed to water fluoridation. Conclusions : Yongin City Government is trying to make the residents understand the water fluoridation. Positive public opinion towards the water fluoridation can lead to the implementation of the water fluoridation. So it is necessary to provide information of water fluoridation program to the residents.
Dental trauma patients visiting the emergency room in H hospital
An, So-Youn ; Kim, Ah-Hyeon ; Shim, Youn-Soo ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 819~826
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.819
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to analyze the types of dental emergencies. This study was carried out for dental trauma patients visiting the emergency room in H hospital from 2005 to 2006. Methods : Subjects were 252 patients. Demographic characteristics consisted of age, gender, dentition, and dental related injury. Results : Male patients had 1.65 times higher tooth injury than female. Teenagers had higher prevalence of tooth injury. Main cause of dental injury was falling down. Young children accounted for 41.7% of the injuries. Late evening was the highest outbreak time of injury. The most commonly affected teeth were central incisor and lateral incisor. The damage of oral soft tissue was more common than the that of alveolar bone. Main area of primary tooth loss was gingiva(10.7%), tongue or soft palate(7.5%), and frenulum(6.0%). Subluxation(28.6%) and luxation(28.6%) were main cause for the primary teeth. Tooth fracture(50.0%) were the most common injury. Conclusions : Thus, to understand the incidence, causes and patterns of dental trauma is to help preserving natural teeth. The results of this study could provide the clinical guidelines on the treatment of dental emergency patients.
Relationship between self-leadership in clinical practice and stress
Lee, Hye-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 827~833
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.827
Objectives : The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between self-leadership in clinical practice and stress in dental hygiene majoring students. Methods : Subjects were 250 dental hygiene majoring students in J area from March 20 to April 20, 2012. Data were analyzed using the statistical package SPSS WIN 12.0 for frequency, mean and standard deviation analysis, one-way ANOVA and multiple regression. Results : There were significant differences between Satisfaction and clinical practice, practice and major stress factors(p<0.01). There were significant differences between practices, satisfaction, and self-expectations(p<0.001). The explanatory power of the model was 9%(p<0.05). The combination of self-leadership, activity, interpersonal factors were very important factors and the explanatory power of the model was 8%(p<0.001). Conclusions : Self-leadership is able to decrease stress. Self-leadership is very important in clinical practice in dental hygiene majoring students.
Relationship between periodontal diseases and quality of life
Lee, Ji-Young ; Kim, Gey-Pyo ; Yu, Byeng-Chul ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 835~843
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.835
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the chewing ability, oral-health related quality of life and factors in periodontal disease patients. Methods : Subjects were 111 patients having peridontal disease in 10 dental clinics in Busan and Gyeongsangnamdo. Questionnaire survey was carried out from July to August 2010. Questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics, oral health factors, chewing ability and quality of life. Data were analyzed by descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis using SAS(Ver 9.2) set at p<0.05. Results : Chewing ability was
, and their quality of life was
. Low level of quality of life was closely related to those factors as education, missing of more than 5 posterior teeth, certain subjective periodontal symptoms including swollen gums, sore gums, drifting gums, bad breath and toothache. The effective factors to the quality of life was chewing ability, bad breath and toothache. Conclusions : Chewing ability and quality of life were closely related each other. To enhance the quality of life, chewing ability should be improved. Proper treatment and effective method of management should also be properly considered to prevent the subjective periodontal symptoms and to minimize tooth loss.
A study relationship between dental health perception and practice of college students
Lee, Kyeong-Hee ; Kim, Soo-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 845~853
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.845
Objectives : The purpose of the study was to provide the development of oral health promotion programs for the college students to improve oral health behavior. Methods : Subjects were 350 college students in Gyeonggi-do and Gangwon-do from March to June, 2011. Except 9 incomplete copies, 341 data were analyzed. Results : 1. The college students got a mean of 4.08 in oral health awareness, and 3.54 in oral health care. 2. The correlation coefficient of the two was 0.618. Higher oral health awareness led to oral health care improvement (p<0.001). 3. Oral health awareness made a 38.1% prediction of oral health care. A rise of one score in oral health awareness was concurrent with a rise of 0.532 score in oral health care. Conclusions : Higher oral health awareness led to oral health care improvement, and that those who received oral health education tended to have higher awareness and care for oral health care.
Effect of self-leadership of students majoring in dental hygiene on clinical practice-induced stress and countermeasures against the stress - focusing on Daegu and Gyeongbuk -
Choi, Gyu-Yil ; Yun, Hyun-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 855~861
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.855
Objectives : This study aims to investigate the relationship between the self-leadership and stress of students majoring in dental hygiene in clinical practice. This study will be helpful to cope with clinical practice effectively. Methods : Subjects were 221 dental hygiene students from 4 universities in Daegu and Gyeongbuk. Data were abalyzed by independent t-test and multiple regression analysis. Results : Stress-response was 60.36 points in high self-leadership group and 57.20 points in kow self-leadership group. It was statistically significant. Clinical practice-induced stress was made by self-expectation, rehearsal, and self-criticism. Stress was able to be overcome by self-reward and positive mind. Conclusions : It is necessary to take the curriculum into consideration which can improve the self-leadership before the clinical practice or at the early phase of clinical practice in order to ensure that the students majoring in dental hygiene are exposed to less stress arising from clinical practice and better cope with such stress.
Factors influencing on health promotion behaviors in public health course of college students
Lee, Hyang-Nim ; Shim, Hyung-Sun ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 863~871
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.863
Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate factors influencing on health promotion behaviors in public health course of college students. Methods : Subjects were 325 dental hygiene students and they completed self-reported questionnaires including health promotion behaviors, self efficacy, self esteem, and general characteristics from May 13 to 24, 2013. Students were recruited by sample convenience extraction. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 18.0 for descriptive statistics, t-test, one way ANOVA and multiple regression analysis. Results : Health promotion behaviors were closely related to concern for health care (p<0.001) and concern for health related goods (p<0.01). High self-efficacy and high self-esteem showed concern for health care (p<0.001). 2. Health promotion behaviors had significantly positive correlation with self efficacy, self esteem, and perceived health condition. 3. The most powerful predictor in health promotion behaviors was self efficacy. Self efficacy, self esteem, and major, concern for health-related goods, perceived health condition accounted for 40.8% of the total variance in health promotion behaviors. Conclusions : The result revealed that undergraduate students should take exercise and diet control for their health. Self-efficacy is the most important predictor of health promotion behaviors. Health promotion behavior programs should put emphasis on exercise and diet control and can be improved by behavioral change.
Related factors to dental fear of women university students
Kim, Yu-Geun ; Kim, Chang-Suk ; Lee, Kyeong-Soo ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 873~879
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.873
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related to the dental fear based on the general characteristics, major and personality type of the 400 girl students in university in Ulsan. Methods : Subjects were 400 girl students in university in Ulsan from November 2012 to March 2013. Data were collected by questionnaire and dental checkup and analyzed using SPSS 20.0 version. Results : Neuroticism was closely related to dental clinic visit. Those who did not visit dental clinics tended to have low score of neuroticism. Conclusions : To reduce dental fear in girl students, it is necessary to make them visit dental clinics frequently and promote the preventive dental care effectively.
Prevalence rate of deciduous dental caries of 5-year-old children and the risk factors related to their mothers
Lee, Jung-Hwa ; Kim, Ji-Hwa ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 881~888
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.881
Objectives : The purpose of the study is to investigate the risk factors of dental caries in early childhood. Methods : Subjects were 197 mothers having 5 year old children. They completed the questionnaire from June 1 to July 14, 2012. Results : At birth, the age of mother and the number of teeth experiencing dental caries showed high correlation(r=0.163, p<0.05). Early beginning(r=-0.441, p<0.05) and long period(r=0.441, p<0.05) of mix feeding were closely related to dental caries outbreak. Long period of supplementary food caused deciduous dental caries (r=0.643, p<0.001) and dental caries experience (r=0.723, p<0.001). Long period of breast feeding (r=0.261, p<0.001) also caused deciduous dental caries. Low BMI of mother was colsely related to high dental caries(r=-0.206, p<0.01). Deciduous dental caries accounted for 61.8% and the number of teeth experiencing dental caries was 68.5%. Conclusions : Appropriate breast feeding habit is the most important behavior of preventing deciduous dental caries in 5 year old children.
Bacterial diversity in children's dental caries
Kim, Eun-Mi ; Baik, Keun-Sik ; Ha, Myung-Ok ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 889~900
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.889
Objectives : Molecular biology techniques were employed to assess diversity of bacterial in children's dental caries. Methods : DNA of germs was extracted and the diversity of the 16S rRNA clones was analyzed by amplified rDNA restriction analysis and sequencing. The experimental samples were pit and fissure caries (PC), deep dentinal caries (DC), smooth surface caries (SC), and supragingival plaque (PQ) from 50 children of age less than 12 years old. The control group was healthy teeth supragingival plaque (HT). Thirty clones from each 16S rRNA clone library of 5 samples were randomly selected, thus a total of 150 clones were analyzed. Results : Amplified rDNA restriction analysis uncovered 18, 20, 11, 17, and 22 phylotypes from healthy teeth, pit and fissure caries, deep dentinal caries, smooth surface caries, and supragingival plaque, respectively. Sequencing analysis found the dominance of Actinomycs naeslundii and Fusobacterium nucleatum in the healthy teeth; Leptotrichia sp. in the pit and fissure caries; Actinomyces sp., Streptococcus mutans, and Rahnella aquatilis in the deep dentinal caries; Streptococcus mutans and Actinomyces sp. in the smooth surface caries; Enterobacter hormaechei and Streptococcus sanguinis in the supragingival plaque. Conclusions : Clonal analysis identified 6 phyla, 20 genera, and 51 species.
Clinical evaluation of bleaching effect of 3% hydrogen peroxide strip with primer on human enamel
Yang, Hae-Young ; Kim, Eun-Kyong ; Choi, Sung-Suk ; Cho, Min-Jeong ; Lee, Young-Eun ; Yoon, Ho-Young ; Song, Keun-Bae ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 13, issue 5, 2013, Pages 901~908
DOI : 10.13065/jksdh.2013.13.05.901
Objectives : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bleaching effect of 3% hydrogen peroxide containing strip with primer in vivo. Methods : 22 female subjects aged from 20 to 39 years old were recruited after informed consent. They were divided into two groups with control and experimental group. Experimental group was bleached with 3% HP strip with primer, and control group received placebo for 14 days. Color changes were measured with Shade Eye-NCC (Shade Eye-NCC, SHOFU Co., Japan), Shade guide (VITA classical shade guide,
, CA, USA) and digital camera image. All collected data were analyzed using SPSS 18.0. Results : At baseline,
in control, and
in experimental group. At day 14,
in control, and
in experimental group.
of all teeth were statistically significant between the two groups. Final
at experimental group and
at control group, and the difference was significant (p<0.005). Color changes using shade guide also significantly decreased at 14th day compared with baseline at experimental group (p<0.005). Conclusions : 3% hydrogen peroxide strip with primer revealed effective enough to bleaching the human enamel during 14 days without any soft and hard tissue irritations.