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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Dental Hygiene
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Dec 2003
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Jun 2003
Selecting the target year
A research into perceptionality of students of the dental hygiene department on hepatitis B virus
Kang, Eun-Ju ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 3, issue 2, 2003, Pages 89~99
This study aims to furnish basic data about prevention and infection control of Hepatitis B Virus(HBV) for those who, working in dental offices, are particularly exposed to a high risk of HBV infection. A survey was conducted to 310 students including freshmen, sophomores and juniors enrolled in the dental hygiene department in order to examine their knowledge about infection routes of HBV, clinical history of their family members and their own health. The outcomes of the survey showed following facts; 1. Students were found to lack knowledge about the present conditions of their HBsAg and HBsAb of HBV(PF0.05), conduct of preventive vaccination(PE0.05), completion of 3 required vaccinations(PF0.05) and formation of antibody(PF0.05). 2. Students named "blood"(88.6%) and "infected needles"(82.5%) as most likely infection routes of HBV(PE0.05 and PE0.01). These replies came mostly from sophomores(65.6% and 92.1%), followed by juniors(89.2%, 82.5%) and freshmen(81.1%, 73.0%). Least knowledge about infection routes of HBV was sensed with the reply "infection through breast-feeding of positive mother(27.9%)"(PE0.05). Generally, sophomores seemed to have much knowledge about infection routes, followed by juniors and freshmen in order. 3. As to clinical history of family members, 10 students(3.5%) replied that any of their family members is suffering from HBV now, 8(2.6%) revealed that some of their family members once suffered from it and 10(3.2%) reported cases of death of their family members from liver diseases. 4. Ninety-four point seven percent of respondents believed their health to be better than normal.
The Study on the Stress Coping Method of the Dept. Dental Hygiene by the Personality Type
Kim, Kyung-Mi ; Kang, Jae-Kyoung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 3, issue 2, 2003, Pages 101~116
The purpose of this study was to identify the personality type and stress coping method of students of Dept. dental hygiene students and relationship between them. Second purpose of this study was to suggest the good and useful method of stress coping. Data was drawn from a convenient sample of 350 and 3rd year students of the department of dental hygiene, some college located in Kyung-Ki Province. The results were analyzed with SPSS 10.0 and the conclusion is as follow: 1. The average of Machiavellism type is 3.30, which indicates that most of the students has a middle type(80%). In the A/B type, most of the students has B type(46.7%). In the score of externality and internality, externality(62.6%) is higher than internality(20.3%) 2. As a result of investigating how they coped with stress, the direct coping was utilized most and the physical was utilized least. 3. In the relation between the personality type and stress coping method, non-Machiavellism type has a statistically significant difference, in the direct coping and destructive coping.
A Study on Parent's Consciousness in regard to School-based Comprehensive Oral Health Care Program
Kim, Soo-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 3, issue 2, 2003, Pages 117~125
This study was pursued for the sake of gathering fundamental information to implement school-based comprehensive oral health care program and for planning oral health care program in consideration of parents. The following results were obtained by investigation of consciousness and favor level of 215 parents, who have elementary school children, regarding school-based comprehensive oral health care program. 1. It appears that many parents are not knowledgeable about school-based comprehensive oral health care program. There were significant differences between recognition level of school-based comprehensive oral health care program and age(PE0.05). 2. The parents acquired information about school-based comprehensive oral health care program; 58.7% by their children, 11.2% by mass-media, 10.0% by dentists and 3.7% by dental hygienists. 3. Most parents are in favor of school-based comprehensive oral health care program (96.7%). 4. Many parents(63.7%) prefer that social security law should budget for oral health care program. There were significant differences by sex(PE0.05) and age(PE0.01) As most parents are not so conscious of school-based comprehensive oral health care program, appropriate education program for dentists, dental hygienists and parents should be developed urgently.
A Study on the Job Satisfaction and Quality of Life in Dental Hygienists
Kim, Young-Kyung ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 3, issue 2, 2003, Pages 127~141
The present study conducted a survey on the correlation between job satisfaction of dental hygienists and their workplace satisfaction and quality of life. A total of 249 surveys eligible among all the collected surveys were used in the analysis. The survey consisted of 61 items; 35 items were about self-evaluations of their satisfaction with their tasks, occupation, and workplace, as well as the degree of self-affirmation and their family-related satisfaction; the rests were 26 WHOQOL-BREF items investigating the quality of life. Collected data were processed using the SPSS Ver. 10.0 calculating the reliability with the frequency, percentage, and Cronbach's
. Besides, one-way ANOVA and linear regression analysis examined the correlation between the variables. The conclusion is as follows: 1. By Age: Job satisfaction and family-related satisfaction were highest in the subjects aged 30 or older(
at pF0.05 and
at pF0.05, respectively), though the differences were not statistically significant). Workplace satisfaction and self-affirmation were also highest in those aged 30 or order(
at pE0.05 and
at pE0.05, respectively). The differences were statistically significant. Quality of life was also highest in those aged 30 or older(
, pF0.05). 2. By Types of Dental Institutions: Job satisfaction and workplace satisfaction were highest in the subjects who worked at the dental department in a general hospital(
at pF0.05 and
at pF0.05. respectively), though without statistical significance. Self-affirmation was highest in those working in university hospitals(
, pF0.05), while family-related satisfaction was highest, though without statistical significance, in those working at the dental department in general hospitals(
, pF0.05), who also showed highest quality of life with statistical significance(
, pE0.05). 3. By Years at Work: The subjects who had worked as a dental hygienist for 12 years or more showed highest satisfaction or scores in all the variables investigated: job satisfaction(
, pE0.05): workplace satisfaction(
, pE0.05): self-affirmation(
, pE0.05); family-related satisfaction(
, pF0.5): and quality of life(
, pF0.05). All but quality of life showed a difference with statistical significance. 4. Correlation between Quality of Life and Overall Job Satisfaction: Quality of life doesn't have a correlation with the subjects' satisfaction with their occupation or with their self-affirmation, while it does have a correlation with workplace satisfaction and family-related satisfaction(F=15.983, Sig=0.000,
=0.209). Besides, workplace satisfaction has a significant correlation with all the variables: job satisfaction, self-affirmation, family-related satisfaction, and quality of life(F=38.563, Sig=0.000,
=0.389). The above result shows that workplace satisfaction has a high correlation with job satisfaction, self-affirmation, family-related satisfaction and with quality of life. Consequently, to enhance satisfaction of dental hygienists with their workplace, it would be important to promote their autonomy and make desirable wokplace environments so that they can work efficiently with pride for their job.
Factors Affecting Mother's Dental Utilization in Metropolitan Area
Kim, Ji-Young ; Nam, Yong-Ok ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 3, issue 2, 2003, Pages 143~155
The present study attempted to analyze the influence of the mother's demographic characteristics and knowledge on oral health as well as dental care behaviors on her practice of using dental care institutions. A self-report survey was conducted among 172 mothers of children aged 5-6 attending on three preschools located in Daegu metropolitan city. Statistical analysis was conducted using the SAS 8.01 with
-test, t-test and logistic regression. The obtained results were as follows: 1. No significant association was found among the demographic characteristics of the mother, her past experience as well as the purpose of using dental care institutions. 2. There was significant relationship between the mother's knowledge and behavior concerning oral health and her past experience of using dental care institutions; the mothers having a higher level of knowledge and who thought they themselves didn't have healthy teeth and gum tended to have more visits to dental care institutions(pE0.05). There was also significant relationship between their purpose and their actual practice of using dental care institutions: the mothers having a higher level of knowledge and who thought their own oral health was good tended to visit dental institutions more for the preventive purpose than for treatments(pE0.05). 3. As a result of logistic regression, the variables formed as models were their knowledge on oral health and their values for oral health. The standardized coefficients for the two variables were -0.19 and 0.19, respectively. For the mother's purpose of visiting dental care institutions, the variables formed as models were their knowledge on oral health and their values for oral health. The standardized coefficients for the two variables were -0.40 and -0.37, respectively. The relative contributions of the two variables to the mother's practice of using dental care institutions were on the similar level.
The relationship of oral state and health condition among elderly people
Won, Young-Soon ; Jin, Ki-Nam ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 3, issue 2, 2003, Pages 157~168
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of oral state and health condition among elderly people. The subjects in this study were 220 senior citizens who were randomly selected from among dwellers in Eunpyeong-gu and Jongno-gu, Seoul. A survey was conducted by one-on-one interview to find out their oral state and health condition. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS 10.0 program, and variance analysis, correlation analysis and regression procedure were employed. The findings of this study were as follows: First, Regarding subjective oral health state, 52.3 percent of the elderly people, more than the half, considered their mouth to be in good health. The number of their mean remaining permanent teeth was 14.85, which was one of the indexes to indicate their objective oral state. Second, Concerning their abnormal oral health experience, 75 percent didn't feel that their masticatory force was good enough, and 55.9 percent felt pain in their teeth, 70.0 percent suffered from mouth dryness. Those fact showed that a lot of the elderly people felt there was something wrong with their oral cavity, and the unhealthy oral state made it difficult for them to eat food, as their masticatory force weakened and they couldn't get a good taste for food. Third, Those who viewed their oral cavity as healthy thought that they were in good shape, and there was a significant correlational relationship between their subjective oral and overall physical health states. Their own perception of oral state made a difference to their subjective health status, and the subjective oral health was significantly related to ADL as well, which implied that their ADL was different according to the way they looked at their own oral health status.
Knowledge, Belief Attitude and Behavior Concerning Oral Hygiene in Healthcare and Non-Healthcare Students
Lee, Myeong-Ju ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 3, issue 2, 2003, Pages 169~182
The present study attempts to investigate the knowledge, belief, attitude and behavior of healthcare major students and non-healthcare counterparts concerning their oral hygiene. The purpose is to provide basic data for positive oral health activities to the students with non-healthcare major, who tend to have insufficient information on oral hygiene. A survey was conducted to 400 students in K college in Incheon from May 1-30, 2003. A total of 384 surveys were analyzed using the SPSS program Version 10.0. The result is as follows: 1. There was a statistically significant difference in the knowledge on oral hygiene between the healthcare(M=3.08) and non-healthcare(M=2.78) students(pE0.05). 2. As for the beliefs and attitudes toward oral health behaviors, 56.9% of the healthcare students and 60.6% of non-health care counterparts responded "moderate" to the question asking if they liked tooth-brushing. The reason they liked tooth-brushing were cleanliness(60.3% of healthcare and 71.9% of non-healthcare students). They didn't like brushing their teeth because they felt it was a nuisance(60.6% of healthcare and 54.5% of non-healthcare students). 90.6% of healthcare students and 90.1% of their non-healthcare counterparts said they wanted to keep their oral health intact. Most of the subjects seemed to acquire information on oral hygiene through mass media(62.2% of healthcare and 55.3% of non-healthcare students). The persons who give them oral health information are their friends or neighbors(26.8% of healthcare and 22.8% of non-healthcare students), and dental hygienists were the last in the list of the sources of information(3.4% of healthcare and 2.5% of non-healthcare students). 3. Their oral health behaviors were also considered, 64.4% of the healthcare students and 53.7% of the non-healthcare counterparts brush their teeth once or twice a day, 51.4% of the former brush their teeth for 2 minutes and 44.8% of the latter for 3 minutes. Some of them use oral health measures other than tooth-brushing(13.3% of healthcare and 14.3% of non-healthcare students). Not many of them used oral health products(6.6% of healthcare and 5.9% of non-healthcare), and the difference was statistically significant(pE0.05). The largest number of healthcare students brush their teeth right before going to bed(29.9%), while their counterparts do it after breakfast(25.8%)
The study on determinants for changing employment positions among dental hygienists
Jung, Yun-Hoa ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 3, issue 2, 2003, Pages 183~196
Purpose: This study sought to identify factors associated with dental hygienists' decisions to leave one dental office and commence practice in another. In addition to, the reasons dental hygienists stay in the profession were investigated. Demographic descriptors, including education level, marital status and age, and employment setting were also examined. Methods: Currently practicing dental hygienists in Korea were surveyed from March to May 2003. Data were collected through a questionnaire. The survey collected information concerning the 461 respondents' personal characteristics and reasons associated with changing positions and staying. Data were analyzed using frequency distributions, independent t-tests and chi-square analyses. All statistical analyses were conducted using the Statistical Package for Social Scientists(SPSS v.10, Chicago, Illinois). Results: The primary reasons for taking up another employment were found to be better offer, inadequate salary and personal conflict with dentist. Secondary reasons stated for changing their job revealed additional factors including inadequate salary, better offer, and lack of benefits. The primary influence in deciding to remaining in the practice of dental hygiene was self-development. Family responsibility, safe environment and professional collaboration were also important factors in deciding to remain in workforce. Conclusion: The position changes of dental hygienists are primarily influenced by better offer. Inadequate salary and conflict with dentist were also important factors in deciding to change employment positions. The findings suggest that dental hygienists who remain in the workforce are positively influenced mainly by self-development. Employers of dental hygienists should be aware of these factors in employing process. If more hygienists could remain longer in their positions, the manpower situation would be affected positively.
The correlation between dental caries experience and improved dental caries activity tests for the students of dental hygiene
Cho, Min-Jung ; Kim, Jin-Hee ; Kim, Eun-Mi ; Lee, Hyang-Nim ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 3, issue 2, 2003, Pages 197~208
This study was implemented for 84 students of dental hygiene to show the correlation between dental caries experience and improved caries activity test. Dental caries experience for the sample groups was examined and stimulative saliva secreted for 5 minutes was collected into the tube to check saliva secretion rate. Dentocult LB test was executed to observe Lactobacilli colonies after 96 hour cultivation of culture slides moistened with stimulative saliva. Dentocult SM test(screening strip, site strip) was done to measure SM colonies distribution after 48 hour cultivation of culture strips applied with collected saliva and dental plaque respectively, and salivary buffering capacity was checked by means of Dentobuff strip kit. Following conclusions are obtained after examining the relation between Dentocult LB, Dentocult SM, Dentobuff strip test results and DMFT index, salivary secretion rate. 1. Showed no significant difference between Dentocult LB test results and DMFT index, salivary secretion rate. 2. Showed no significant difference between Dentocult SM(screening strip) test results and DMFT index, salivary secretion rate. 3. Showed significant difference between Dentocult SM(site strip) test results and DMFT index(pE0.05), but showed no significant difference between Dentocult SM(site strip) test results and salivary secretion rate. 4. Showed no significant difference between Dentobuff strip test results and DMFT index, but showed a very wide difference between Dentobuff strip test results and salivary secretion rate(pE0.01).
Client Services Evaluation in Dentistry Sector
Han, Ji-Hyoung ; Kim, Jin ;
Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, volume 3, issue 2, 2003, Pages 209~220
The purpose of this study was to examine how clients who visited dental institutions perceived client services, what sorts of client services were provided to them and to what extent they were satisfied with them. It's ultimately meant to seek ways to enhance and enlarge client services. A survey was conducted on 379 residents who used dental institutions in Seoul and Gyeonggi provinces, and the findings of this study were as follows: 1. 64.6 percent of the people investigated weren't aware of client services, and 33.0 percent viewed them as part of medical services. 77.5 percent had grievances about dental institutions they'd ever used. 2. The biggest complaint was that the dental treatments they received weren't covered by the dental insurance. As for how to solve their grievances, the largest group of them told the employees of the dental institutions about their complaints or didn't use them again. When asked whether the dental institutions took any steps to get rid of their grievances, the greatest group replied they had no idea. and the second largest group answered they took no measure. 3. By age and educational level, those who were in their 60s and up and stopped at elementary school were best cognizant of client services. Among client service variables, they were most satisfied with how the employees handled their complaints, and as to overall satisfaction, their willingness to revisit ranked highest. 4. Concerning connections among client service awareness, service variables and overall satisfaction level, their awareness of client services had a positive correlational relationship with every service variable and satisfaction level. Among the service variables, prompt client services and employee attitude were positively correlated to overall satisfaction level, but service procedure, facilities and information services exercised little impact on that. 5. As for what factors affected their content with client services, their client service awareness was identified as one of the important factors to influence their use of dental institutions, the outcome of their visit and their willingness to revisit. The above-mentioned findings suggested that dental institutions should strengthen publicity activities to inform people of client services, and encourage them to express their grievances. In addition, they should take an immediate action to remove their complaints, and try to get a successful feedback to offer higher-quality medical services and customer-oriented services.